Harlem Shake (meme)
The Harlem Shake is an Internet meme in the form of a video in which a group of people dance to a short excerpt from the song "Harlem Shake". As a meme, the video was replicated by many people, using the same concept, which led to it becoming viral in early February 2013, with thousands of "Harlem Shake" videos being made and uploaded to YouTube every day at the height of its popularity.
Despite its name, the meme does not actually involve participants performing the original Harlem Shake dance, a street and hip hop dance that originated in 1980s Harlem, New York City; rather, the meme usually features participants performing flailing or convulsive movements. The meme form was established in a video uploaded on February 2, 2013 by YouTube personality Joji on his DizastaMusic channel. The video featured the character "Pink Guy" from The Filthy Frank Show entitled "Filthy Compilation #6 - Smell My Fingers", which featured a section where several costumed people danced to the song "Harlem Shake" by Baauer. The video opens with the first use of the Harlem Shake meme, and started a viral trend of people uploading their own "Harlem Shake" videos to YouTube.
The videos usually last about 30 seconds and feature an excerpt of the 2012 song "Harlem Shake" by American EDM producer Baauer. Baauer's song starts with a 15-second intro, a bass drop, then 15 seconds with the bass, and a lion roar at the end of the first 30 seconds. Usually, a video begins with one person (often helmeted or masked) dancing to the song alone for 15 seconds, surrounded by other people not paying attention or seemingly unaware of the dancing individual. When the bass drops, the video cuts to the entire group dancing for the rest of the video. The dancing style should not be confused with the original Harlem Shake dance. Additionally, in the second half of the video, people often wear either a minimum of clothes or outlandish outfits or costumes while wielding strange props. Typically, but not always, the video will end by converting to slow motion on the feline growl.
This success of the videos was in part attributed to the anticipation of the breakout moment and short length, making them very accessible to watch. The Washington Post explained the meme's instant virality by referring to the jump cuts, hypnotic beat, quick setups, and half minute routines.
The Harlem Shake is technically very easy for fans to reproduce, as it consists of a single locked camera shot and one jump cut. Nonetheless, the simplicity of the concept allows fans considerable scope in creating their own distinctive variant and making their mark, while retaining the basic elements. In its simplest form, it could be made with just one person; a more sophisticated version might even involve a crowded stadium. Moreover, there is a level playing field for celebrities and fans alike, with no guarantee of success for either group. There is a strong vein of humour running through each video that is not dependent on language, further increasing its potential to spread virally.
The "Harlem Shake" was first featured as the opening segment in a video by Japanese comedian George Miller, under the moniker of YouTube user "DizastaMusic". Five teenagers from Australia, using the name TheSunnyCoastSkate, replicated this segment in their own video, which quickly gained popularity. As more people replicated the original video and uploaded their own versions to YouTube, Harlem Shake rapidly became an Internet meme.
On February 10, 2013, the upload rate of Harlem Shake videos reached 4,000 per day, or one every 21.6 seconds. As of February 11, about 12,000 versions of the popular Internet meme had been uploaded to YouTube, garnering over 44 million unique views. By February 15, about 40,000 Harlem Shake spinoff videos had been uploaded, generating over 700 million views.
Harlem Shake hit the 1 billion view mark on March 24, 2013, just 40 days after its first upload, according to Visible Measures. From the day when the first video was uploaded until it hit 1 billion views, the videos were accumulating an average of more than 20 million views a day. The time it took for Harlem Shake to hit 1 billion views is half the time "Gangnam Style" took to hit 1 billion views and almost a sixth of the time that it took "Call Me Maybe".[dubious ][clarification needed] On April 4, Harlem Shake had 1.21 billion views.
Baauer's single reached #1 on the iTunes America chart and #2 on iTunes in the UK and Australia on February 15, 2013.
Its popularity has spread in many countries, including the US, the UK, Canada, Australia, Germany, Russia, and much of Europe, China, India, Latin America, the United Arab Emirates, and Jamaica.
The Guinness World Record for the largest crowd doing the Harlem shake was created in 2013 with a crowd of 3,444 people taking part. Matt and Kim organised the record, it was performed at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute's Houston Field House arena in Troy, New York on 11 February 2013.
The unexpected success of Harlem Shake caused Billboard to bring forward its plans, following two years of discussions, to incorporate data on YouTube views as one of three metrics used to calculate the influential Billboard Hot 100 chart. This marked an important recognition that YouTube now plays a vital role in shaping cultural trends, defining hit songs ahead of radio programmers.
In consequence of this significant change, Baauer's Harlem Shake made its debut at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 on February 21, 2013. Without the change the song would only have debuted in the Top 15.
The success of Harlem Shake also highlights a change of direction for music rights holders. With the exception of a takedown notice issued when artist Azealia Banks tried to upload her own version of the track, Baauer and his label, Mad Decent records, instead made use of YouTube's Content ID database to assert copyright over the fan-made videos and claim a proportion of advertising revenue in respect of each one.
Gangnam Style, like other videos that preceded it, was a corporate, top-down traditional campaign. By contrast, the grassroots, bottom-up Harlem Shake has been described as a symbiotic viral meme, where open culture and business coexist. The short length of the video, 31 seconds in most cases, impacts directly on the duration of advertisement that can precede it, which in turn limits advertising revenue.
In addition, the comparatively short life cycle of this kind of video meme means that by the time a traditional advertising agency or brand has put together its response to a current trend, it is likely that the trend will have long since peaked.
Numerous commenters have compared the Harlem Shake to "Gangnam Style". But the business magazine Forbes pointed out that unlike "Gangnam Style" and other notable hits from 2012, Harlem Shake is more of a meme, since a wide variety of groups and individuals have uploaded variants of the dance.
Martin Talbot, Managing Director of The Official Charts Company in the UK, described "Harlem Shake" as a "phenomenon", the first ever "crowd sourced video" to significantly drive sales of a song. Previously, as happened with "Gangnam Style", there was always an initial video created by an artist which would start a dance craze that was subsequently adopted by fans.
There were reports that Harlem residents were upset because of the dance called "Harlem shake" in the meme videos not being the real Harlem shake. Many felt that people in the videos were "disrespecting" the real dance and making the whole neighborhood of Harlem "look bad". On the other hand, some Harlem shake dancers expressed the hopes of the Harlem shake dance making a comeback, becoming popular all over again as a result of the sudden exposure it got.
The Los Angeles Times cited a number of reasons why it felt the meme was nearing its peak, including what it described as an "extravagant" departure from the meme's humble origins, adoption by a very broad demographic including the elderly, choreographed corporate versions by ad agencies and marketing departments, apparent boredom of video participants, and significant departures from the original formula, such as the use of multiple camera angles and visual effects.
After numerous companies and startups began uploading their own Harlem Shake videos for what appeared to be promotional purposes, the business magazine Forbes advised them to produce their own original content instead of variants of the same video. It stated that there were too many versions already on YouTube, and that such publicity efforts could become "lost amidst all the noise."
Similarly, Ad Age begged advertising agencies not to "attempt to surf on the now-crashed viral wave." Ad Age later identified sixty advertising agencies exploiting the meme, calling it "played-out" after Pepsico released a Harlem Shake video featuring dancing soft drinks. Gabrielle Levy of UPI called the Pepsi ad "a bridge too far," noting that low production values had been "part of the charm" of the meme. Time asked, "do you really want to open a can of soda after it’s done the Harlem Shake?"
On March 4, YTD YouTube Downloader created a post mortem infographic looking back on the craze. The infographic highlights several shocking data points, such as the fact that the world spent roughly 2,782 years watching Harlem Shake videos in one month.
Various groups that shot videos of themselves doing the Harlem Shake included the staff of Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, a squadron of the Norwegian Army; basketball players from the Dallas Mavericks, and the Miami Heat whose version was called perhaps "the best ... [o]r at least the most irreverent" by Matt Eppers of USA Today; IMG Academy American football players, the Nebraska Cornhuskers football team and LSU Tigers football team, the Canterbury Crusaders and Auckland Blues rugby union sides, football clubs from Manchester City, Swansea City, Fulham, Juventus, Crystal Palace, and SC Cambuur, the colleagues of CNN newsanchor Anderson Cooper, the last of whom received a Twitter shout-out from Baauer himself. Cooper showed video of his staff performing the dance, while declaring himself "horrified" and "uncomfortable" about it. Other participants in the craze included the University of Georgia swim team, whose video received at least 28 million views, music producer and international DJ Markus Schulz, "a senior community," NASCAR drivers Jeff Gordon and Jimmie Johnson, musicians Matt & Kim, musician Azealia Banks, the staff of The Daily Show, Ryan Seacrest, Stephen Colbert, Rhett & Link, members of the WWE, EastEnders actors Himesh Patel and Ricky Norwood and Playboy Playmates.
A video titled Harlem Shake (Grandma Edition), in which a man and his two octogenarian grandmothers dance, received over a million views online within three days. It was broadcast on the Today show and CNN.
On February 20, 2013, the cast of American reality television series Splash including Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Katherine Webb, Ndamukong Suh and Louie Anderson also uploaded a video of them dancing on the clip. The same day, Australian singer Cody Simpson uploaded a video of his crew and him doing the Harlem Shake in his tour bus.
On Valentine's Day (February 14), developers at Moovweb released an open source bookmarklet that replicated the Harlem Shake online by making the items on any web page move. Soon after YouTube made its own version of the Harlem Shake by making the interface of the page shake when the user searches for "do the Harlem Shake".
On March 1, 2013, Fox uploaded the "Homer Shake" on YouTube, an animated video where members of the Simpson family danced to the eponymous song. It was the couch gag for the "Gorgeous Grampa" episode.
The March 9, 2013, episode of Saturday Night Live substituted "con los terroristas" with "tofu burritos" and "do the Harlem shake" with "drink a vegan shake." Justin Timberlake appeared as his street performer character, dressed as a block of tofu.
The TV series Supernatural, starring Jared Padalecki and Jensen Ackles, did its own Harlem Shake version. It began with a normal shot of Jensen, dancing randomly, with Jared on his phone behind him, seemingly unaware.
The Harlem Shake was also performed in "Sweet Dreams," the nineteenth episode of the fourth season of the Fox TV series Glee. The dance was performed by fictional students at the University of Lima, while Finn (Cory Monteith) monologues about life at college. "Harlem Shake" is listed as a featured song in the episode, as it was not covered by the cast or released on a single or soundtrack album.
Performances with unforeseen consequences
In February 2013, a New York boys' ice hockey team was forced to forfeit a first-round playoff game as a result of a Harlem Shake video uploaded to YouTube. The team's video, shot in a locker room, depicts scantily clad team members, notably, one player wearing nothing but a sock.
Two Israeli soldiers received prison sentences, and one was also relieved of his command, after they posted a video of soldiers performing the Harlem Shake around a cannon, even though they were reported to have notified their commanders of the project, taken care to ensure that no sensitive military equipment was shown, and sought approval for the finished video. The video was reported to have received a generally positive reaction from mainstream Israeli media and online.
A Harlem Shake video was filmed by a group of Colorado College students and team players of the college's athletic team on a Frontier Airlines flight bound for San Diego from Colorado. The students and team players were flying for a tournament in San Diego. After the video was uploaded on February 15, 2013, it gained media attention, causing the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration to launch an investigation. Three of the college students, who organized the event, said in an interview that the flight attendants and the purser approved their permission before the performance began, saying it was a great idea and the participating passengers also found it fun. The case was finally solved when a spokesperson for the airline said that "all safety measures were strictly enforced and followed and that the seat belt sign was turned off during the course of filming".
In a controversial move, a student at St Hilda's College, Oxford lost her temporary job as a part-time library invigilator and student organisers were fined after a Harlem Shake video was filmed in the college library. By way of contrast, Professor Roger Ainsworth, Master of St Catherine's College, Oxford, praised his students for their version of the meme, which he described as "the best example of the genre, at least in the UK".
A religious education teacher at Caldicot Comprehensive School in Wales was suspended after a Harlem Shake video was posted online which allegedly showed him dancing with a lifesize cardboard figure of Pope Benedict XVI. According to Monmouthshire council the teacher may have behaved in an "unacceptable way".
The Washington Post reported that according to the National Coalition against Censorship, about 100 students across the US have been suspended for participating in various versions of the Harlem Shake Meme. NCAC Director Joan Bertin referred to the suspensions as "a rather disproportionate response by educators" to what she described as "teenage hijinks".
As a political statement
At the end of February 2013, hundreds of protesters chanted "Leave! Leave!" as they performed the Harlem Shake outside the headquarters of Egypt's President Mohamed Morsi. In a separate incident, people were filmed doing the Harlem Shake in front of the pyramids. Four pharmaceutical students had been arrested the previous week for breaching decency laws by performing the dance in their underwear.
In Tunisia, after students in a wealthy suburb of Tunis filmed a Harlem Shake video in which they parodied Salafists and Gulf Emirs, the school director was suspended by the Ministry of Education. The resulting backlash saw the Ministry's website hacked by activists, and according to some reports there were scuffles between Salafists and students wishing to perform the dance elsewhere in the country.
In the United States, then-Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell's re-election team uploaded their own Harlem Shake video as part of his campaign to win a sixth term in the chamber in the 2014 midterm elections.
In the same country on December 14, 2017, conservative site The Daily Caller uploaded a video titled 'PSA from Chairman of the FCC Ajit Pai' in the wake of the FCC's decision to repeal the net neutrality policy, which received severe backlash upon upload. The video features Pai condescendingly acting out various things that can still 'be done on the Internet', incorporating the Harlem Shake into a segment at the end of it. However, for the first time in the history of the usage of the meme, Baauer and eventually the record label he is signed to, Mad Decent, took legal action against Pai for unauthorized use of his music.
- Rodriguez, Salvador (16 December 2017). "Eight things killing the Harlem Shake". The Los Angeles Times.
- Goodman, Will (12 February 2013). ""The Harlem Shake" phenomenon keeps going strong (with grandmas and military)". CBS News. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- Allocca, Kevin (12 February 2013). "The Harlem Shake has Exploded". YouTube via Blogspot. Archived from the original on 24 April 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
... attributed to a silly video from a vlogger named "Filthy Frank." Though it was another user named SunnyCoastSkate who then established the form we've become familiar with: the jump cut, the helmet, etc.
- "Harlem Shake meme obscuring dance's history, critics argue". cbcnews. 18 February 2013. Archived from the original on 25 July 2013.
- Palmer, Tamara. "The Harlem Shakedown". The Root. Archived from the original on 6 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Will the Harlem Shake viral meme ever stop?". CBC News. 15 February 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
A group of teenagers known as The Sunny Coast Skate from Queensland Australia, were the first to respond and the rest, as they say, is history.
- Zeichner, Naomi (15 February 2013). "Fader Explains: Harlem Shake". The Fader, Inc.
- Muir, Kristy (15 February 2013). "Copycat shakers tap into worldwide video hit by Coast teens". Sunshine Coast Daily. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Holpuch, Amanda (19 February 2013). "Harlem Shake: Baauer cashes in on viral video's massive YouTube success". London: The Guardian.
- "'Harlem Shake' Shakes It Across YouTube, With Over 44 Million Views". Abcnews.go.com. 13 February 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Inventor of Harlem Shake Interview". InsideHoops. 13 August 2003. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Mallenbaum, Carly (13 February 2013). "'Harlem Shake' videos stir up YouTube". USAToday. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Wagner, David (13 February 2013). "The Harlem Shake Meme Is Dead". The Atlantic.
- "YouTube:Here's How 'Harlem Shake' Went Viral". Mashable. 13 February 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Kaufman, Sarah (13 February 2013). "Is it any wonder the Harlem Shake went viral?". The Washington Post.
- "One Harlem Shake You Must See - Number One Man". YouTube.
- Berkowitz, Joe (15 February 2013). "A brief history of internet phenomenon 'Harlem Shake'". FastCompany.
- Cochrane, Greg (14 February 2013). "Viral fan videos propel Harlem Shake track into charts". BBC.
- Constine, Josh (19 February 2013). "The Science Behind Why The Harlem Shake Is So Popular". techcrunch.
- Kosner, Anthony Wing (13 February 2013). "The Present Shock Of The Harlem Shake". Forbes.
- DizastaMusic (30 January 2013). "Filthy Compilation #6 - Smell My Fingers". YouTube. YouTube. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- Lotan, Gilad (5 March 2013). "The Harlem Shake: Anatomy of a Viral Meme". Huffington Post.
- Heyden, Tom (1 March 2013). "Harlem Shake: Tracking a meme over a month". BBC News Magazine.
- Violet Degnan (15 July 2015). "Best and Worst Social Media Challenges". Growing Social Media. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- "The Harlem Shake Hits 1 Billion Views!". Visible Measures. 4 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013.
- "Harlem Shake challenges Gangnam Style on online dance floors". Articles.chicagotribune.com. 15 February 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Neary, Sarah (22 February 2013). "Harlem Shake video meme seeps into Eastern Europe". Voice Of Russia. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Chin, Josh (19 February 2013). "'Loser Dance': The Harlem Shake With Chinese Characteristics". Wall Street Journal (China).
- Millward, Steven (20 February 2013). "4 Videos That Prove China is Hooked on the Harlem Shake". Tech In Asia.
- IANS (21 February 2013). "After Gangnam Style, Harlem Shake grips India". Express Tribune.
- "Are you too hooked to Harlem Shake?". India Today. 20 February 2013.
- "¡Increíble! Los presidentes de Latinoamérica bailan el Harlem Shake(Spanish)". La Patilla. 27 February 2013.
- "'Harlem Shake' fever grips UAE". 7 Days UAE. 19 February 2013.
- Campbell, Curtis (17 February 2013). "Old dance, new craze - Harlem Shake goes global ... again". Jamaica Online Star.
- Glenday, Craig. Guinness World Records 2014. pp. 211. ISBN 978-1-908843-15-9.
- Michaels, Sean (22 February 2013). "Harlem Shake's YouTube bump sends it to No 1 in US". London: The Guardian.
- Knapp, Alex (21 February 2013). "'Harlem Shake' Tops The Billboard Charts – Thanks To YouTube". Forbes.
- Sisario, Ben (20 February 2013). "What's Billboard's No. 1? Now YouTube Has a Say". New York Times.
- Trust, Gary (20 February 2013). "Baauer's 'Harlem Shake' Debuts Atop Revamped Hot 100". Billboard.
- Carmody, Tim (18 February 2013). "How the Harlem Shake went from viral sideshow to global phenomenon". The Verge.
- Savage, Chris (14 December 2009). "Does length matter? It does for video!". Wistia.com.
- Hanelly, Andrew (6 April 2011). "101 Online Video Stats to Make Your Eyes Glaze Over". TMGcustommedia.com. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013.
- Adlman, Evan (15 March 2011). "7 Trends for Online Video Advertising Engagement". Nucaptcha.com. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013.
- Pathak, Shareen (15 February 2013). "Over 60 Ad Agencies Have Harlem Shake Videos". Adage.com. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
Still worse, brands are getting in on the action with their own videos. Pepsi posted a video to its YouTube page yesterday, featuring a bunch of soda cans doing the moves ...
- Oz, Mike (12 February 2013). "Baseball teams get in on 'Harlem Shake' craze". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Kelly Clay (18 April 2012). "Forget The Harlem Shake And Do Your Own Dance". Forbes. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Gregory, Kia (28 February 2013). "It's a Worldwide Dance Craze, but It's Not the Real Harlem Shake". The New York Times.
- "Harlem Shake, The Life-Ruining Meme". KROQ (CSB Local Media). 6 March 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Actual Residents Of Harlem Respond To "Harlem Shake" Meme". Videogum. 20 February 2013.
Dumenco, Simon (14 February 2013). "Please Stop Making That Harlem Shake-Themed Commercial". Adage.com. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
My colleague Nat Ives was wondering this morning how many agencies have been pulling all-nighters trying to churn out Harlem Shake-themed commercials that attempt to surf on the now-crashed viral wave. ... friends don't let friends make Harlem Shake videos:
Gabrielle Levy. "Companies jump on Harlem Shake video trend for advertisements".
Part of the charm of the videos was their very lo-fi style ... So when Pepsi uploaded a video of its various beverages taking the place of the dancers, it was something of a bridge too far.
- "Here Is Why Pepsi Cans Shouldn't Do the Harlem Shake". time.com. 15 February 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- Ian Hill (19 February 2013). "8 People Who Made Harlem Shake Videos Interesting : KQED Pop". kqed.org. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
... the Harlem Shake probably reached its peak last week when it was the subject of stories by mainstream media outlets ... Then it jumped the shark. Everyone has been doing it lately ... and most of their videos have been forced and forgettable.
- "The Harlem Shake: Postmortem of a Video Craze". youtubedownload.altervista.org. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "The Harlem Shake Is the New Gangnam Style!". E! Online. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Watercutter, Angela (16 February 2013). "Breaking Down the Harlem Shake Meme With Matt & Kim | Underwire". Wired.com. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Dwyer, Kelly. "The Miami Heat have finally filmed their own 'Harlem Shake' video (Video)". yahoo.com. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Miami Heat do 'Harlem Shake'". ESPN. 1 March 2013.
- Eppers, Matt (1 March 2013). "Miami Heat do one bizarre 'Harlem Shake'". USA Today. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- Cox, Zack (16 February 2013). "Manti Te'o, Luke Joeckel, Matt Barkley Star in 'Harlem Shake' Video With Other NFL Draft Hopefuls (Video)". NESN.com. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Waddell, Tyler (4 March 2013). "Bo Pelini Shocks World, Releases 'Harlem Shake' Video". Rant Sports. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- Myerberg, Paul (18 March 2013). "Les Miles leads LSU through the 'Harlem Shake'". USA Today. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- "Crusaders Super Rugby side do the Harlem Shake". 3 News NZ. 21 February 2013.
- "The Blues Harlem Shake". Rugby Informer. 25 February 2013. Archived from the original on 9 March 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "NZ teams do the Harlem Shake". 3 News NZ. 26 February 2013.
- "Dzek this out! Manchester City stars do the Harlem Shake in this hilarious video". Mirror.co.uk. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "City do the Harlem Shake". Manchester City Football Club (www.mcfc.co.uk). 20 February 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Swansea City Footballers Do the Harlem Shake [Video]". EPL Talk. 23 February 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Keep calm and do the Harlem Shake.... (Fulham FC Original)". YouTube. 28 February 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- "HARLEM SHAKE Juventus Football Club". YouTube. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- "Harlem Shake (Crystals Cheerleaders edition) #harlemShakeCrystals". YouTube. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- "Harlem Shake SC Cambuur". YouTube. 13 February 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- Mirkinson, Jack (12 February 2013). "Anderson Cooper Horrified By 'Harlem Shake' (Viedo)". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Schulz, Mark (19 February 2013). Coldharbour Harlem Shake (Office Mix). YouTube.
- Woods, Ashley (16 February 2013). "Harlem Shake Detroit Videos: Dance Craze Sweeps Motown – But Who Danced It Best?". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "Jeff Gordon shows off his moves in Harlem Shake video". USA Today. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Diaz, George (27 February 2013). "Jimmie Johnson does the Harlem Shake at Daytona". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Azealia Banks Calls 'Harlem Shake' Artist a Gay Slur, Reignites Beef With Perez Hilton". Billboard. 22 September 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "Azealia Banks Takes On 'Harlem Shake' Producer And Perez Hilton (Again)". Rapfix.mtv.com. 17 May 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Kathy Iandoli. "Azealia Banks Delivers The Twerk In "Harlem Shake" Video: watch". Idolator.com. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "Azealia Banks – "Harlem Shake" Video". Stereogum. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Luippold, Ross (15 February 2013). "Jon Stewart Calls Out CNN's Carnival Triumph Cruise Ship Coverage: 'You're Not Heroes' (Video)". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Hartwig, Gabe (7 February 2013). "Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert do the 'Harlem Shake' : Entertainment". Stltoday.com. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Catalini, Michael. "Play of the Day: The States (And Colbert) Take on The Banks". NationalJournal.com. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "Harlem Shake (GMM Edition)". YouTube. 20 February 2013.
- "WWE's Harlem Shake". WWE.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "BBC One – EastEnders, Harlem Shake: EastEnders style" (video). EastEnders. BBC Online. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- World of Playboy (12 February 2013). Harlem Shake - Playboy Playmate Edition. YouTube.
- Angela Hill (15 February 2013). "Harlem Shake videos, with 44 million views, have gone mainstream". Oroville Mercury-Register. Archived from the original on 26 February 2013.
Hank Rao of San Rafael dances in front of his grandmothers in a video titled Harlem Shake (Grandma Edition). Posted on YouTube, the video went viral and had more than 1 million views less than three days after it was posted.
- Paul Liberatore (14 February 2013). "Harlem Shake videos, with 44 million views, have gone mainstream". Marin Independent Journal.
It took only 30 seconds for 22-year-old Hank Rao of San Rafael and his two octogenarian grandmothers to become the latest Internet sensations. ... It was on the 'Today' show yesterday morning. It's trending on the front page of YouTube. It was on CNN.
- Foss, Mike (20 February 2013). "Katherine Webb, Ndamukong Suh, and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar do the Harlem Shake". USA Today. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Vulpo, Michael (20 February 2013). "The Harlem Shake Invades Cody Simpson's Tour Bus". RyanSeacrest.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Happy Valentine's Day, Internet: Behold the Harlem Shake Bookmarklet". Moovweb. 14 February 2013. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "I Swear This Is The Last "Harlem Shake" Post We Do". TechCruch. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "Harlem Shake Bookmarklet Transforms Any Webpage Into A Thumpin' Party". Huffington Post. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- Jauregui, Andres (1 March 2013). "YouTube 'Do The Harlem Shake' Command Is The New Google 'Do A Barrel Roll'". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "YouTube Lays Easter Egg In Tribute To Harlem Shake Meme". TechCrunch. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- Fisher, Gabe (23 February 2011). "Tel Aviv sets 'Harlem Shake' record". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- Sharon, Jeremy (24 February 2013). "Harlem Shake and brandy shots mark Purim". JPost. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- Mary J. DiMeglio (10 March 2013). "Justin Timberlake Joins 'Saturday Night Live' Icons' Club". MTV.com. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Good, Dan (10 March 2013). "Watch: Justin Timberlake joins SNL's Five-Timers Club, possibly disses Kanye". nypost.com. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
"Tofu burritos," he said, waving his over-sized gloves, and you knew what was coming next. "Drink a vegan shake," he said, and the next shot showed two dozen dancers behind him ...
- "Harlem Shake (Kargin Serial)". KarginTV on YouTube. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- "Video: World's biggest Harlem Shake? Hong Kong Sevens 2013". 3 News NZ. 25 March 2013.
- "'Supernatural' Harlem Shake video: Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles and more in behind-the-scenes meme". 6 March 2013.
- Video on YouTube
- "Harlem Shake video costs NY hockey team spot in sectional playoffs". Yahoo Sports.
- "Nyack/Tappan Zee will not be part of the dance". LoHud Hockey Blog. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Knell, Yolande (2 March 2013). "Israeli army ire over social media posts". BBC.
- Winer, Stuart (24 February 2013). "'Harlem Shake' troops sent to prison". The Times Of Israel.
- "Harlem Shake on WWII memorial triggers arrests". London: The Guardian. 6 March 2013.
- Molloy, Mark (6 March 2013). "Harlem Shake on WWII memorial leads to five arrests". Metro.
- Geller, Wendy (8 March 2013). "Group of Friends Arrested in Russia for Doing 'Harlem Shake' on WWII Memorial". Yahoo.com.
- "Harlem Shake miners fired over safety fears". BBC. 4 March 2013.
- "Australian miners fired for 'Harlem Shake'". London: The Guardian. 4 March 2013.
- "FAA investigates 'Harlem Shake'". United Press International (UPI.com). 4 March 2013.
- Ahlers, Mike (6 March 2013). "Harlem shake reaches new heights; FAA not amused". CNN.com.
- Fisken, Alexander (20 March 2013). "Oxford's University's Harlem shake librarian must be reinstated". London: The Guardian.
- O'Brien, Liam (19 March 2013). "Oxford university students call for sacked librarian to be reinstated after Harlem Shake at St Hilda's College". London: The Independent.
- Philipson, Alice (19 March 2013). "Oxford University librarian sacked after students perform Harlem Shake dance and post recording on YouTube". London: The Telegraph.
- de Bruxelles, Simon (8 March 2013). "Teacher suspended over doing the Harlem Shake with the Pope". The Times.
- "'Harlem Shake teacher' suspended from Caldicot Comprehensive". BBC. 4 March 2013.
- "Caldicot teacher suspended amid inquiry into Harlem Shake video". South Wales Argus. 4 March 2013.
- Tsukayama, Hayley (4 March 2013). "'Harlem Shake' videos lead to school suspensions". The Washington Post.
- "100 Students Suspended for 'Harlem Shake' Videos". AtlantaBlackStar.com. 5 March 2013.
- Mackey, Robert (28 February 2013). "'Harlem Shake' Protests in Tunisia and Egypt". New York Times.
- Zakaria, Fareed (6 March 2013). "Harlem shaking the Arab world?". USA Today.
- Omri, Mohamed-Salah (7 March 2013). "Tunisia tries to stop the Harlem Shake". London: The Guardian.
- "Tunisia 'Harlem Shake' sparks punch-up". AFP. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2013.
- Steinhauser, Paul (6 March 2013). "McConnell campaign shakes it up with Harlem Shake". CNN.com.
- Camia, Catalina (6 March 2013). "Sen. McConnell's campaign does 'Harlem Shake'". USA Today.
- Statt, Nick (15 December 2017). "Doing the Harlem Shake, Ajit Pai as You've Never Seen Him Before". The New York Times.
- Statt, Nick (15 December 2017). "Baauer is 'taking action' against FCC chairman for using Harlem Shake in net neutrality repeal video - The Verge". The Verge.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harlem Shake.|
- The Harlem Shake v1 (TSCS original) – video by The Sunny Coast Skate from February 2, 2013 that created the art form of the meme
- Filthy Compilation #6 – Smell my Fingers – video by Filthy Frank from January 30, 2013 featuring a "Harlem Shake" segment
- Top Harlem Shakes playlist by YouTube Trends
- YouTube does the Harlem Shake