Hong Kong Sevens

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Hong Kong Sevens
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2016 Hong Kong Sevens
HK7.jpg
Hong Kong Sevens Logo
Sport Rugby sevens
Founded 1976
No. of teams 28 (since 2013)
Countries 22 countries
Most recent
champion(s)
 Fiji
Most titles  Fiji (16 titles)
Official website www.hksevens.com

The Hong Kong Sevens (Chinese: 香港國際七人欖球賽) is considered the premier tournament on the World Rugby Sevens Series competition. The Hong Kong Sevens is currently the seventh tournament on the World Series calendar (following the Canada Sevens), and is held annually in Hong Kong on a weekend in late March or early April. The tournament spans three days, beginning on a Friday and concluding on Sunday. The tournament is organised each year by the Hong Kong Rugby Union (HKRU).

History[edit]

Opening Celebration 2008

The Hong Kong Sevens was originally the idea of the Marketing and Promotions Manager of Rothman's Export for a Pan Asia 15s Rugby Tournament.

Rodney Bentham-Wood wanted Rothmans to sponsor a pan Asia rugby Tournament. Leah May was considering Carlsberg as the main sponsor. However, after a discussion between him and the chairman of the HKRFU, South African entrepreneur, A.D.C. "Tokkie" Smith, it was decided that a Sevens Tournament would be cheaper and simpler to set up. The idea was then implemented by Duncan McTavish (HKRFC then captain), Trevor J. Bedford OBE (Chairman of Hong Kong Land, Jardine Matheson Limited, Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group and Director of HSBC) and Ian Gow, the Rothmans' Tobacco company executive for Hong Kong. After an initial proposal was refused by the Rugby Football Union in England, the HKRFU changed its focus and sent out invitations to Asian and Pacific sides.

On 28 March 1976, clubs from Indonesia, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, Japan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Fiji participated in the first Hong Kong Sevens Tournament at the Hong Kong Football Club in Happy Valley sponsored by Rothmans' Tobacco and Cathay Pacific. This was an important step as this was one of the first rugby tournaments that attracted commercial sponsorship. Of the countries represented in the inaugural sevens tournament, only Australia and New Zealand did not send national sides, instead being represented by the Wallaroos and the Cantabrians respectively. These two clubs met in the final where the Cantabrians won 24-8.

The series then grew into a competition with national representative sevens sides competing, and with this growth, the tournament moved to the Hong Kong Stadium in 1982.

The Hong Kong Sevens were ahead of their time, and an influential force in the modernisation of rugby union, for example, the Hong Kong Sevens were one of the first rugby union tournaments to attract major sponsorship, when the airline Cathay Pacific sponsored the 1976 tournament.[1] They also provided a level of cosmopolitan international competition, which tended not to exist in rugby before the first Rugby World Cup in 1987,[2] especially since Hong Kong was not seen as one of the "Big Eight", and other than some involvement with France, the Commonwealth teams tended to be notoriously clannish. By 1986, the Hong Kong Sevens were held up as a positive example to others:

View from the South Stand at the Hong Kong Sevens, 2009.
"This Seven-a-Side international tournament is without a doubt the most spectacular, exotic, best organized Rugby competition of its kind in the world, and it has consistently produced the highest standard of Sevens Rugby seen anywhere.
"I was not surprised on my first visit to see quality play from the Australian, New Zealand, Fijian, and British players, but I was staggered at the amazingly high quality play produced by countries I never even knew played Rugby. South Korea and Western Samoa were every bit as good as Japan and Tonga. Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore found their lack of sheer size and bulk an insuperable handicap, but against each other they displayed a range of running and handling skills which demanded unqualified praise. Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka and the Solomon Islands were inevitably outgunned by the teams from the major Rugby-playing nations but they still have a remarkably high level of skill which promises well for the future of the game."
"The week of the Hong Kong tournament allows 24 Rugby-playing nations to intermingle for several days, and the huge cross-fertilisation of ideas can only be beneficial in the long term for the emerging nations. After the first day of the play when the top eight seeded teams meet the smaller fish in a pool system, the second day is divided into three different competitions... The strength of this great tournament is that on the opening day the most famous players in the world share a pitch with unknown opponents from countries where Rugby is a minority sport... While tournaments like the Hong Kong Sevens continue to be played, Rugby administrators can be confident that the game will continue to thrive in over 100 countries worldwide."[2]

Bill McLaren, in his autobiography Talking of Rugby writes at length about his Hong Kong Sevens experiences:

"I remember a big South Sea islander saying that, in his view, the Hong Kong sevens were really the Olympic games of Rugby Union. Certainly, the Hong Kong event encapsulates all the really good things that the game has to offer–splendid organisation, wonderful sporting spirit, universal camaraderie, admirable field behaviour, the most enjoyable crowd participation, the chance for emergent rugby nations to lock horns with the mighty men of New Zealand, Australia, Fiji, Wales, Scotland and the Barbarians. There is, too, scintillating running and handling which is what the game is supposed to be all about."[3]

However, despite this apparent diversity, some of the same old problems which had dogged international rugby were still manifest in the Hong Kong Sevens in the 1980s - for example, in a photograph of the Hong Kong vs Bahrain game at the tournament in 1984, the teams do not appear to include anyone who is ethnically Arabian or Chinese, instead both teams are quite clearly of northern European ethnic origin.[4]

In 1994, the venue was deemed too small for the tournament and was rebuilt into a 40,000 seat stadium now named the Hong Kong Stadium. Today, 24 national representative sides compete in the tournament. These include the 16 'core' members of the IRB Sevens World Series, plus eight further invited teams.

In 1997 and 2005, the Hong Kong Sevens was not held; taking its place was the Rugby World Cup Sevens, which Hong Kong hosted in both years. Fiji won both World Cup Sevens tournaments.

In 1998, the first tournament after the transfer of sovereignty to China, tickets were not sold internationally and the event was stricken with a bankrupt sponsor Peregrine. The Union's Organising Committee worked hard, and successfully implemented its marketing strategy to get the local population involved through "Friday Night is Party Night" and secured CSFB as sponsors "on a spur-of-the-moment",[5] the event was a comparatively huge success. In 2011, after HSBC negotiated title sponsorship to the entire World Sevens Series tournaments, it was no longer possible for Credit Suisse to sponsor the Hong Kong leg after 14 years.[5]

Format[edit]

The Hong Kong Sevens is the sport's most prestigious annual rugby sevens event organised as part of the World Rugby Sevens Series, Historically, it had been contested by 24 teams; all other World Series tournaments had 16 teams participating until the 2012–13 edition. The teams are divided into six pools of four teams, who play a round-robin within the pool. The winning team of the tournament acquires 30 points towards its rankings in the World Series instead of the normal 22, and the runner-up earns 25 points instead of the normal 19. Through the 2008–09 World Series, the Hong Kong Sevens awarded 24 points to the runner-up, and 16-team events offered only 20 points for the winner and 16 for the runner-up.

The 2010 edition saw several significant changes to the tournament format. Foremost among these changes was the introduction of the fourth-level Shield trophy, which had not previously been awarded in Hong Kong. More important within the context of the World Series as a whole, the Cup and Plate are now contested in the same manner as in other competitions, with the losing quarter-finalists in the Cup parachuting into the Plate semifinals.

Further major changes were made to the event for 2013. These changes resulted from the decision of World Rugby, then known as the International Rugby Board (IRB), to institute a formal promotion and relegation process for core teams (i.e., teams assured of playing in all series events) starting with the 2012–13 series.[6]

For starters, the number of teams involved in the event increased from 24 to 28. However, only 16 of these teams compete for series points. The 15 core teams were joined in the main draw by the winner of the most recent edition of the HSBC Asian Sevens Series. The remaining 12 teams, specifically two qualifiers from each of the IRB's six regional zones, participated in the World Series Pre-Qualifier. Like the main draw, the Pre-Qualifier grouped the entrants into four-team pools. The top two teams from each pool, plus the top two third-place teams, advanced to a quarterfinal round, with the winners of all four matches, along with the Asian Sevens Series winner, advancing to the World Series Core Team Qualifier at the London Sevens.[6]

The IRB further changed the promotion/relegation process in advance of the 2013–14 series. The Pre-Qualifier was folded into the Core Team Qualifier, which now involves 12 teams competing for a single promotion place as part of that season's Hong Kong Sevens.[7]

The total prize money stands at US$150,000. The Cup Champion wins US$100,000, and the runner-up takes home US$25,000; each semi-finalist loser receives US$12,500.[8]

Pool[edit]

Points are awarded in each pool on a different schedule from most tournaments in 15-a-side rugby union—3 for a win, 2 for a draw, 1 for a loss. The first tiebreaker is the head-to-head result between the tied teams, followed by difference in points scored during the tournament.[9]

Trophies round[edit]

Like all other World Series tournaments, four trophies are awarded at the end of a knockout tournament. Before the reorganisation of the tournament in 2013, the six pool winners, plus the two top-rated second-place teams, played for the Cup and Plate. The Cup is awarded to the overall tournament champion. As for the other World Series tournaments, four quarterfinal losers dropped into the bracket for the Plate. The Bowl was contested by the four remaining second-place teams, plus the four top-rated third-place teams, while the Shield was contested by the eight remaining teams. The Shield was contested in Hong Kong for the first time in 2010.[10]

Since the 2013 event, only the 16 teams in the main draw compete for trophies. The format is identical to that of other series events, with the top two teams in each pool advancing to the Cup and Plate tournaments, and the remaining teams contesting the Bowl and Shield. The losers of the Cup quarterfinals drop to the Plate tournament, and the losers of the Bowl quarterfinals drop to the Shield tournament.

Atmosphere[edit]

Football ground sectioned off for children's matches (2011)

The Hong Kong Rugby Sevens is traditionally one of the biggest events, if not the biggest, on the Hong Kong sporting calendar. As such, there is a tremendous party atmosphere, with the involvement of the entire rugby-playing community.[11] A two-day women's tournament, Hong Kong Women's Rugby Sevens, precedes the men's contests.[12] Under the auspices of the Hong Kong Mini Rugby Football Union, children with local clubs aged between 6 and 12 years play tournaments before the main matches each day. They also take part in the March Past immediately before the semi-final round of the main tournament.

Two people dressed in fancy costume (Gumby - right; Banana – left) seated in stadium
Gumby and Banana resting before the matches (2011)

For spectators, particular emphasis is placed on the South Stand, where hordes of fans dress up and dance for most of the duration of Saturday. Activities that typically ensue as the weekend progresses include the throwing of empty beer jugs (banned circa 2006) around the South Stand, Mexican waves, and streakers running across the pitch(prosecutable). Outside the stadium, the 'Sevens Village' at the Indian Recreation Club nearby is an alternative venue to gather and watch matches on giant screens, eat and drink to excess while matches are in progress; and after the match, partying continues with champagne and live music and DJs in the champagne tent.[13] An annual public awareness campaign called "Save Our Sevens" sponsored by KELY Support Group, Hong Kong Rugby Union and supported by Start JG Hong Kong Limited encourages responsible drinking among spectators and interventions among underage drinkers while at the three-day event.

Since 2007 the South Stand has been made officially accessible to over-18s only, due to its hyper and somewhat provocative atmosphere. Streakers were formerly a regular feature, and still occasionally make a showing on the pitch, to the acclamation of the crowd. Nonetheless, most pitch invaders are caught and arrested. Following an incident in 2010 when one spectator climbed onto the crossbars at the south end of the stadium before dodging back into the stands and disappearing, organisers stepped up security and announced a zero-tolerance policy of invaders.

Summaries[edit]

Year Venue Cup Plate
Winner Final Score Runner-up Winner Final Score Runner-up
1976 HK Football Club Stadium New Zealand
Cantabrians
24-8 Australia
Wallaroos

Hong Kong
19-16
Tonga
1977 HK Football Club Stadium
Fiji
28-18 New Zealand
Marlborough

Tonga
20-4
Indonesia
1978 HK Football Club Stadium
Fiji
14-10 New Zealand
Manawatu

Bahrain
10-0
Singapore
1979 HK Football Club Stadium
Australia
39-3
Samoa

Papua New Guinea
13-10
Hawaii
1980 HK Football Club Stadium
Fiji
12-8 Scotland
Co-Optimists

Japan
44-0
Singapore
1981 HK Football Club Stadium United Kingdom
Barbarian F.C.
12-10
Australia

Tonga
22-18
Japan
1982 Hong Kong Stadium
Australia
18-14 Scotland
Scottish Border Club

South Korea
32-6
Japan
1983 Hong Kong Stadium
Australia
14-4
Fiji

South Korea
30-6
Canada
Year Venue Cup Plate Bowl
Winner Final Score Runner-up Winner Winner
1984 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
26-0
New Zealand

Australia

Sri Lanka
1985 Hong Kong Stadium
Australia
24-10 United Kingdom
Public School Wanderers

Tonga

Hong Kong
1986 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
32-12 France
French Barbarians

United States

Papua New Guinea
1987 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
12-6
Fiji
France
French Barbarians

Hong Kong
1988 Hong Kong Stadium
Australia
13-12
New Zealand

United States
Taiwan
Taiwan
1989 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
22-10
Australia

Tonga

Netherlands
1990 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
22-10
New Zealand

Hong Kong

West Germany
1991 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
18-14
New Zealand

Argentina

South Korea
1992 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
22-6
New Zealand

Hong Kong

Romania
1993 Hong Kong Stadium
Samoa
14-12
Fiji

Tonga

Romania
1994 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
32-20
Australia

South Korea

Hong Kong
1995 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
35-17
Fiji

Canada

Hong Kong
1996 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
19-17
Fiji

France

Japan
1997
World Cup
Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
24-21
South Africa

Tonga

United States
1998 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
28-19
Samoa

South Korea

Morocco
1999 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
21-12
New Zealand

Japan

Hong Kong
2000 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
31-5
Fiji

France

Ireland
2001 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
29-5
Fiji

United States

Hong Kong
2002 Hong Kong Stadium
England
33-20
Fiji

South Africa

Morocco
2003 Hong Kong Stadium
England
22-17
New Zealand

Canada

United States
2004 Hong Kong Stadium
England
22-12
Argentina

Scotland

Cook Islands
2005
World Cup
Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
29-19
New Zealand

Portugal

Italy
2006 Hong Kong Stadium
England
26-24
Fiji

Wales

China
2007 Hong Kong Stadium
Samoa
27-22
Fiji

Wales

Russia
2008 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
26-12
South Africa

France

Russia
2009 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
26-24
South Africa

Tonga

Portugal
Year Venue Cup Plate Bowl Shield
Winner Final Score Runner-up Winner Winner Winner
2010 Hong Kong Stadium
Samoa
24-21
New Zealand

Australia

Canada

Hong Kong
2011 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
29-17
England

South Africa

Canada

Kenya
2012 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
35-28
New Zealand

Samoa

Kenya

Canada
2013 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
26-19
Wales

Samoa

England

France
2014 Hong Kong Stadium
New Zealand
26-7
England

South Africa

Scotland

Kenya
2015 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
33-19
New Zealand

Australia

Scotland

Kenya
2016 Hong Kong Stadium
Fiji
21-7
New Zealand

England

Argentina

Russia

All-time results[edit]

Team Championships Finalists Plates Bowls Shields
 Fiji 16 26
 New Zealand 11 22
 Australia 5 8 3
 England 4 6 1 1
 Samoa 3 5 2
United Kingdom Barbarian F.C. 1
New Zealand Cantabrians 1
 South Africa 3 3
 Wales 1 2
 Argentina 1 1
France French Barbarians 1 1
Australia Wallaroos 1
New Zealand Marlborough 1
New Zealand Manawatu 1
Scotland Co-Optimists 1
Scotland Scottish Border Club 1
United Kingdom Public School Wanderers 1
 Tonga 7
 South Korea 4 1
 Hong Kong 3 6 1
 United States 3 2
 France 3 1
 Canada 2 2 1
 Japan 2 1
 Scotland 1 2
 Portugal 1 1
 Papua New Guinea 1 1
 Romania 2
 Russia 2
 Morocco 2
 Kenya 1 3
Taiwan Taiwan 1
 Sri Lanka 1
 West Germany 1
 Ireland 1
 Cook Islands 1
 Italy 1
 China 1
 Netherlands 1

Players[edit]

At each Hong Kong Sevens since 1980, the player who "most exemplifies the spirit and skills needed in rugby sevens" has received 'The Leslie Williams Award for Best and Fairest Player'. It is named for the late Leslie Williams, who lived in Hong Kong from 1955 to 1971 and played for Hong Kong Football Club and the national team. The trophy has been awarded every year since 1980 with the exception of the Rugby World Cup Sevens in 1997 and 2005 when there was a different individual award. Fijian legend Waisale Serevi is the only player to have won the Leslie Williams Trophy three times and he was also named Player of the Tournament at both RWC events.[14]

Young talent[edit]

The Hong Kong Sevens has proven a fertile ground for nurturing young players who go on to star in the 15-man game.[15]

For New Zealand, Jonah Lomu,[16] Christian Cullen, Zinzan Brooke, John Schuster, Rodney So'oialo, Joe Rokocoko, Mils Muliaina and Rico Gear were first introduced to the international game of Sevens. For Australia, former captain George Gregan first demonstrated his ability at the Hong Kong Sevens in the same team as Joe Roff and Ben Tune. For Wales, Jamie Roberts and James Hook are among those who went on to the 15-man national team after playing in the Hong Kong Sevens.[17] South Africa, also, have seen Jean de Villiers, Bryan Habana, Ricky Januarie, Brent Russell and Kabamba Floors showcase their variety of skills at the event.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Printed sources[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Starmer-Smith, p144
  2. ^ a b Starmer-Smith, p142
  3. ^ McLaren, Bill Talking of Rugby (1991, Stanley Paul, London ISBN 0-09-173875-X), p 166
  4. ^ Starmer-Smith, p146
  5. ^ a b Yiu, Enoch (Mar 28, 2011). "Bank reluctantly takes its final bow as a major Sevens sponsor", South China Morning Post
  6. ^ a b "Pools confirmed for Hong Kong Sevens" (Press release). International Rugby Board. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "One up one down for HSBC World Sevens Series" (Press release). International Rugby Board. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  8. ^ [Cathay Pacific/Credit Suisse Hong Kong Sevens 2011, General Info>Fact Sheet Information http://www.hksevens.com/General-Info-FactSheet.htm] HK Sevens
  9. ^ "Rules: 16-Team Tournament". International Rugby Board. 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2009. 
  10. ^ "Rules". International Rugby Board. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  11. ^ Hong Kong Sevens, UR7s.com
  12. ^ Canada win Hong Kong women's title, HK Sevens, press release, 25 March 2011
  13. ^ Wright, Adam (24 March 2011). "The buzz", South China Morning Post (Lifestyle)
  14. ^ Hong Kong Sevens 2010 event brochure
  15. ^ "History of Hong Kong Sevens". 
  16. ^ "Lomu: A giant on any stage". allblacks.com. Archived from the original on 26 June 2006. Retrieved 22 July 2006. 
  17. ^ "Welsh Rugby Union: Wales Squad for Hong Kong Sevens 2006".