Harris Flanagin

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Harris Flanagin
Governor Harris Flanigin.jpg
7th Governor of Arkansas
In office
November 15, 1862 – April 18, 1864
Preceded by Henry Rector
Succeeded by Isaac Murphy
Member of the Arkansas House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born (1817-11-03)November 3, 1817
Cumberland County, New Jersey
Died October 23, 1874(1874-10-23) (aged 56)
Arkadelphia, Arkansas
Resting place Rose Hill Cemetery,
Arkadelphia, Arkansas
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Martha Flanagin (m. 1851)
Religion Presbyterian
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States
Service/branch Provisional Army of the Confederate States
Years of service 1861–1862
Rank Confederate States of America Colonel.png Colonel
Commands 2d Arkansas Mounted Rifles
Battles/wars American Civil War

Harris Flanagin (November 3, 1817 – October 23, 1874) was an American politician who served as the 7th Governor of Arkansas from 1862 to 1864.

Early life and education[edit]

Flanagin was born in Roadstown, New Jersey, and educated in Quaker schools in New Jersey.[1] At the age of eighteen, he became a professor of mathematics. Flanagin moved west and opened his own private school in Paoli, Illinois. He studied law and was admitted to the Illinois bar in 1837. He married Martha Eliza Nash. Flanagin moved to Arkansas and entered politics. He served in the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1842 to 1844.[2]

American Civil War[edit]

During the American Civil War, he served in the Confederate States Army as a Captain and rose to the rank of Colonel before the conflict was over. He served with the 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles.[3] In 1862, Flanagin was elected Governor of Arkansas and was recalled from active duty to take office.[4] His administration dealt primarily with war related measures and maintaining order and continuing government while undergoing an invasion. His administration was faced with shortages of critical items, rising prices, care of fallen soldier's families, and related problems. During the war the government was forced to suspend the collection of taxes and financed the war with paper "war bonds".[5] The capitol at Little Rock, Arkansas fell to Union troops on September 10, 1863. Flanagin seized as many government documents as he could and fled to Washington, Arkansas where he set up a temporary capitol.[6] While Flanagin stayed in Confederate controlled territory, a new Union government under Isaac Murphy was inaugurated on April 18, 1864.

Later years[edit]

After the war, Flanagin returned to his law practice in Arkadelphia, Arkansas. He is buried at Rose Hill Cemetery in Arkadelphia.[7]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "Arkansas Governor Harris Flanagin". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ Newberry, Farrar. “Harris Flanagin.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 17 (Spring 1955): 3–20.
  3. ^ Harrell, John M., "Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History", Volume 10.2, Arkansas, Page 321, Accessed 1 August 2011, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A2001.05.0254%3Achapter%3D11%3Apage%3D321
  4. ^ Yearns, W. Buck, ed. The Confederate Governors. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1985.
  5. ^ Newberry, Farrar. “Harris Flanagin.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 17 (Spring 1955): 3–20.
  6. ^ "Harris T Flanagin". Find A Grave. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  7. ^ Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture entry: Harris Flanagin

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Henry Rector
Governor of Arkansas
Succeeded by
Isaac Murphy