Hastings, Florida

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Hastings
Potato Growers Association building in Hastings, Florida
Potato Growers Association building in Hastings, Florida
Location in St. Johns County and the state of Florida
Location in St. Johns County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 29°43′0″N 81°30′30″W / 29.71667°N 81.50833°W / 29.71667; -81.50833Coordinates: 29°43′0″N 81°30′30″W / 29.71667°N 81.50833°W / 29.71667; -81.50833
Country United States
State Florida
County St. Johns
Settled1890
Incorporated1909
DissolvedMarch 1, 2018
Area
 • Total3.24 sq mi (8.40 km2)
 • Land3.24 sq mi (8.39 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
7 ft (2 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,262
 • Density389.63/sq mi (150.41/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip code
32145
Area code904
FIPS code12-29100[2]
GNIS feature ID0307980[3]
Websitewww.hastings-fl.com

Hastings is an unincorporated community and agricultural center in St. Johns County, Florida, United States, 18 miles (29 km) southwest of St. Augustine. It was formerly an incorporated town, but it was dissolved in 2018 after a vote by residents. The population was 580 at the 2010 census. As of 2018, the population estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau to be 648.[4]

History[edit]

Henry Morrison Flagler built tourist hotels at St. Augustine in the late 19th century, including the Ponce de León Hotel. He needed a local source of fresh vegetables for his guests, so he persuaded Thomas Horace Hastings, his cousin, to develop a farm. A small community evolved into a town, which was named for its founder in 1890. Hastings is known as the "Potato Capital of Florida" with 21,000 acres (85 km2) of potato farms, but also produces cabbage, onions, eggplant and ornamental horticulture.

Hastings in 1910 was thriving town that was a stop on the Florida East Coast Railway. The population of approximately 1,200 supported several general stores, a bakery, drug stores, meat markets, an ice plant and cold storage. In addition to farming, two companies manufactured barrels and a grist mill ground grain. There was a bank and a hotel, three doctors and a dentist. The town had water and sewer utilities, telephone and telegraph service. The local public school was good.[5]

On November 7, 2017, the voters of Hastings elected to dissolve the city with an 82% majority vote. St. Johns County officially took control of the area on March 1, 2018.[6]

The United States Census Bureau designated Hastings as a census-designated place in the 2020 census.[1]

National exposure[edit]

The town was briefly in the spotlight when the American Broadcasting Company television network show, Extreme Makeover: Home Edition featured the Harvey family in a show aired on April 24, 2005, with assistance from its local affiliate WJXX. Workers employed by the show were joined by the Northeast Florida Builders Association (NFBA) members to complete the project, which demolished the family's 1930s' broken-down structure and replaced it with a 4,280 square feet (398 m2), 2-story home with a 2009 assessed value of $342,696.[7] The project was completed in seven days of work. Much of the actual labor was performed by the non-profit Builder's Care, a unit of the NFBA. Builder's Care also performed an "Extreme Community Outreach" in the surrounding homes to identify and resolve problems in plumbing, electrical, air conditioning and structure.[8]

Geography[edit]

Hastings is located at 29°43′5″N 81°30′29″W / 29.71806°N 81.50806°W / 29.71806; -81.50806 (29.7180, -81.5081).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hastings 4NE, Florida, 1991-2020 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 67.8
(19.9)
70.2
(21.2)
74.8
(23.8)
80.3
(26.8)
85.6
(29.8)
89.4
(31.9)
91.1
(32.8)
90.3
(32.4)
87.3
(30.7)
81.8
(27.7)
74.8
(23.8)
69.5
(20.8)
80.2
(26.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 56.2
(13.4)
58.8
(14.9)
63.0
(17.2)
68.0
(20.0)
74.1
(23.4)
79.4
(26.3)
81.5
(27.5)
81.3
(27.4)
78.8
(26.0)
72.2
(22.3)
64.3
(17.9)
58.8
(14.9)
69.7
(20.9)
Average low °F (°C) 44.7
(7.1)
47.4
(8.6)
51.1
(10.6)
55.8
(13.2)
62.5
(16.9)
69.4
(20.8)
71.9
(22.2)
72.4
(22.4)
70.3
(21.3)
62.5
(16.9)
53.9
(12.2)
48.1
(8.9)
59.2
(15.1)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.02
(77)
2.97
(75)
3.40
(86)
2.82
(72)
4.27
(108)
7.47
(190)
6.44
(164)
7.44
(189)
8.38
(213)
4.63
(118)
2.42
(61)
3.01
(76)
56.27
(1,429)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.2 7.4 7.5 6.3 7.2 14.7 14.4 15.6 13.6 10.0 7.3 7.8 120.0
Source: NOAA[10][11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910399
192076190.7%
1930673−11.6%
19401,03553.8%
1950577−44.3%
19606176.9%
19706281.8%
19806361.3%
1990595−6.4%
2000521−12.4%
201058011.3%
20201,262117.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 521 people, 213 households, and 139 families residing in the town. The population density was 790.5 inhabitants per square mile (305.2/km2). There were 238 housing units at an average density of 361.1 per square mile (139.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 52.02% White, 43.38% African American, 0.58% Pacific Islander, 2.11% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.99% of the population.

There were 213 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,635, and the median income for a family was $30,769. Males had a median income of $25,909 versus $20,694 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,537. About 15.4% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The former Hastings High School, which now includes a library of St. Johns County Public Library

It is in the St. Johns County School District.[13]

Zoned schools include South Woods Elementary School,[14] Gamble Rogers Middle School,[15] and Pedro Menendez High School.[16]

The Hastings High School was built in 1924 to provide education for the children of the farmers in the southwest corner of the county.[17] In 1985 it closed,[18] and the Hastings Branch of the St. Johns County Public Library is located in this building.[17] Hastings Elementary School was replaced by Hastings Elementary-Junior High School, which occupied the former high school facility, in 1985. In 1992 it dropped its junior high school program. The school, now Hastings Elementary School,[18] was in operation until its 2005 closure. South Woods Elementary opened in the fall of that year, replacing Hastings Elementary.[19]

The only public school in the town post-2005 was the Hastings Youth Academy, an Alternative school.[20]

St. Johns County Public Library has a library in the former school.[21]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  5. ^ Wilson, Gil: "The Progressive Era to World War II" Dr. Bronson's St. Augustine History
  6. ^ Martin, Jake. "'The community stays': Town of Hastings hands over the keys to St. Johns County". The St. Augustine Record. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  7. ^ [1] Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine St. Johns County Property Appraiser, Property Record - 908 East Street
  8. ^ [2] First Coast News, March 2, 2005-Local Family Getting Extreme Home Makeover
  9. ^ "Hastings". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
  10. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  11. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "2020 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Hastings CDP, FL" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-08-01. - Compare to the school zone maps.
  14. ^ "St. Johns County School Attendance Zones South Woods Elementary School" (PDF). St. Johns County School District. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2022-08-02. Retrieved 2022-08-02. - See index of maps
  15. ^ "St. Johns County School Attendance Zones Gamble Rogers Middle School" (PDF). St. Johns County School District. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2022-08-02. Retrieved 2022-08-01. - See index of maps
  16. ^ "2022 - 2023 St. Johns County School Attendance Zones Pedro Menendez High School" (PDF). St. Johns County School District. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2022-08-02. Retrieved 2022-08-01. - See index of maps
  17. ^ a b [3] St. Johns County Public Library, Hastings Branch
  18. ^ a b "Background Information of Wildcat Country". Hastings Elementary School. 1999-02-02. Archived from the original on 2 February 1999. Retrieved 2021-12-04.
  19. ^ "Resolution No. 2005-329" (PDF). St. John's County Clerk. Retrieved 2021-12-04.
  20. ^ [4] St. Johns County School District, Schools Directory-Hastings Youth Academy
  21. ^ "Hastings Branch". St. Johns County Public Library. Retrieved 2022-08-02. 6195 S. Main St. Hastings, FL 32145 - The image is of that of the former school.
  22. ^ Hitchner, Emelia. "Catching up with a hometown hero", The St. Augustine Record, June 26, 2016. Accessed July 25, 2019. "Former NFL player Derrick Ramsey can trace nine seasons of professional football, a slew of high school and college championships and a successful government career back to his tiny hometown of Hastings. Hastings, with its bright green fields and hard-working families, was the perfect place for Ramsey to nurture a dream farther than he could toss a football."

External links[edit]