Heaton, Staffordshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Heaton
Heaton village, Staffordshire.JPG
The village of Heaton, seen from the south. The peak in the distance is Shutlingsloe.
Heaton is located in Staffordshire
Heaton
Heaton
Location within Staffordshire
Population262 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ950626
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMacclesfield
Postcode districtSK11 0
PoliceStaffordshire
FireStaffordshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
EU ParliamentWest Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Staffordshire
53°09′39″N 2°04′32″W / 53.1608°N 2.0755°W / 53.1608; -2.0755Coordinates: 53°09′39″N 2°04′32″W / 53.1608°N 2.0755°W / 53.1608; -2.0755

Heaton is a small village and civil parish in Staffordshire, England. It is about 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Leek and about 7 miles (11 km) south of Macclesfield.

The village of Heaton is situated near the centre of the civil parish. The River Dane is the northern boundary with Cheshire; the civil parishes of Rushton and Leekfrith are to the west and east. A hill named Gun is at the eastern boundary, and in the north-east is Swythamley Hall.

The ground is of boulder clay, and the underlying rock is millstone grit. The soil is loam and clay. The land is used mostly as pasture.[2]

History[edit]

Medieval[edit]

The Old English name Heaton means a high settlement.[2]

Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester, who had established Dieulacres Abbey near Leek, granted Leek manor to the abbey in 1232 and this probably included Heaton. By 1291 there were monastic granges in Heaton at Fairboroughs and Swythamley; the abbey also owned other land in Heaton. After the dissolution of the monasteries in the early 16th century, these estates were sold.[2][3]

A medieval route between Leek and Macclesfield passed through the eastern side of the Heaton area over Gun and crossed the River Dane at Danebridge. The bridge here was known in medieval times as Scliderford (slippery ford).[2][4]

Enclosures[edit]

Countryside south-east of the village of Heaton, looking towards Gun

South and east of the village was formerly common land. It was enclosed by Enclosures Acts in the 17th century, and later in the 1820s when a new road was laid out which bypassed the village.[2]

Chapelry[edit]

There is no church; since at least the 18th century the area has been served by St Lawrence's Church, Rushton Spencer. Until 1865 Heaton was part of the Rushton chapelry, dependent on Leek parish church; in that year the chapelry became a parish.[2][5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f A P Baggs, M F Cleverdon, D A Johnston and N J Tringham, 'Leek: Heaton', in A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 7, Leek and the Moorlands, ed. C R J Currie and M W Greenslade (London, 1996), pp. 186-191 British History Online, accessed 18 May 2015.
  3. ^ Heaton www.rushtonspncer.info, accessed 15 May 2015.
  4. ^ Dane Bridge Historical Gazetteer of England's Place-Names, accessed 14 May 2015.
  5. ^ White's Trade Directory 1834 www.rushtonspencer.info, accessed 18 May 2015.
  6. ^ A P Baggs, M F Cleverdon, D A Johnston and N J Tringham, 'Leek: Rushton Spencer', in A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 7, Leek and the Moorlands, ed. C R J Currie and M W Greenslade (London, 1996), pp. 223-229 British History Online, accessed 18 May 2015.