Hessian Powder Magazine

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Hessian Powder Magazine
Hessian Powder Magazine, June 2011
Hessian Powder Magazine is located in Pennsylvania
Hessian Powder Magazine
Hessian Powder Magazine is located in the United States
Hessian Powder Magazine
LocationGuardhouse and Garrison Lanes, Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Coordinates40°11′52″N 77°10′42″W / 40.19778°N 77.17833°W / 40.19778; -77.17833Coordinates: 40°11′52″N 77°10′42″W / 40.19778°N 77.17833°W / 40.19778; -77.17833
Area0.2 acres (0.081 ha)
Built byHessian Prisoners of War
NRHP reference #74001778[1]
Added to NRHPMay 17, 1974

Hessian Powder Magazine, also known as the Hessian Guardhouse Museum, is a historic guardhouse and gunpowder magazine located on the grounds of Carlisle Barracks at Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. It was built in 1777, and is a stone walled structure, lined with interior brick. It measures 70 feet by 32 feet and the walls are 4 1/2-feet thick. It has a vaulted stone roof, covered by timbers and tin to take a gable form. Tradition says that some Hessian Prisoners of war, captured at the Battle of Trenton were sent to Carlisle. They were used to build this guard house, originally a magazine. It was probably first used as a guardhouse in the 1870s and when included as part of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School (1879–1918). Afterwards, it was used as a quartermaster and medical supply storehouse, filmstrip laboratory, message center, and U.S. post office. It was designated a museum in 1948.[2]

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[1]


  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System. Note: This includes Capt. Phillip D. Goodwin (June 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Hessian Powder Magazine" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-21.

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