Honda HA-420 HondaJet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
HA-420 HondaJet
HondaJet Ryabtsev.jpg
Role Business jet
National origin Japan
United States
Manufacturer Honda Aircraft Company[1]
First flight December 3, 2003
Status Active
Produced December 2015–present
Number built 92 (Oct 2018)[2]
Program cost $1 billion (estimated)[3]
Unit cost
US$4.9 million (2018)[4]

The Honda HA-420 HondaJet is the first aircraft developed by the Honda Aircraft Company. It is a twin-engine, six-seat light business jet, and is also considered a very light jet.[citation needed] It was designed in Japan and then developed and manufactured in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States.[5]

Development[edit]

Honda began to study small sized business jets in the late 1980s, using engines from other manufacturers. The Honda SHM-1/MH01 turboprop tested laminar flow wings,[6] and the Honda MH02 was fabricated and assembled at Mississippi State University's Raspet Flight Research Laboratory in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The MH02 was a prototype using carbon fiber/epoxy composite materials and was the first all-composite light business jet to fly.[7] Flight testing on the MH02 continued through 1996, after which the aircraft was shipped to Japan.

Designer and company founder Michimasa Fujino sketched the HondaJet in 1997, and the concept was locked in 1999. Testing in the Boeing windtunnel indicated a valid concept in 1999.[6][8]

A proof-of-concept (but not production-ready) version of the HondaJet first flew on December 3, 2003 at Piedmont Triad International Airport in Greensboro, North Carolina.[9] Honda approved commercial development of the HondaJet in 2004.[10] The HondaJet made its world debut on 28 July 2005, at the annual EAA AirVenture Oshkosh airshow.[11] At the following year's Airventure, Honda announced that it would commercialize the HondaJet.[12]

The first FAA-conforming (built to Federal Aviation Administration rules) HondaJet achieved its first flight on 20 December 2010.[13] The first flight of the first production HondaJet occurred on 27 June 2014,[14][15][16] and it was displayed at that year's AirVenture on 28 July.[17][18][19] Four HondaJets had test-flown 2,500 hours as of 2015.[20]

The HA-420 aircraft program itself was plagued by delays. The initial planned certification date was "Late 2010", but in Spring 2009 was delayed by a year.[21] In May 2010, the projected certification date was late 2012.[22] The program was incrementally delayed several more times.[23]

The HondaJet was awarded "Provisional FAA Certification" in March 2015, enabling continued production[24][25][26] and demonstration flights, but not customer delivery.[27][28] The aircraft received its FAA type certificate in December 2015.[29][30] A HondaJet toured Japan and Europe in 2015,[31] and the type received European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) certification in May 2016.[32] The HondaJet is also certified in Mexico, Canada and Brazil. [33]

Certification[edit]

Production[edit]

HondaJet formation

The production aircraft are built at Piedmont Triad International Airport. Construction of the factory began in 2007 and was completed in late 2011.[39][40] In early 2015, there were 12 aircraft in final assembly and five more in earlier stages of production.[26] Twenty aircraft were in production by May 2015. Honda estimated it would produce 40 aircraft in the first full year and up to 60 each year after that.[31] The engine factory achieved certification in March 2015.[26][41]

Honda delivered the first customer aircraft on December 23, 2015 at its world headquarters in Greensboro, North Carolina.[42] The first delivery of a HondaJet to a European aircraft dealer took place in April 2016.[43] About 20% of the approximately 100 aircraft on order are destined for European customers as reported in April 2016.[44]

Honda plans to ramp up production to 80 units per year after March 2019. Sixteen aircraft were delivered in the first three quarters of 2016, reaching a 36 per year production rate.[45] In 2017, 15 were produced in the first quarter, and the annual target is between 55 and 60 aircraft.[46] HondaJet finished 2017 as the year's most delivered business jet in its category with 43 aircraft delivered around the globe. [47]

HondaJet Elite[edit]

In May 2018, only 30 months after the introduction, the $5.2 million HondaJet Elite was revealed before delivery in August, adding an auxiliary fuel tank increasing range by 231 to 1,437 nmi (428 to 2,661 km), increasing its elevator authority to reduce its takeoff roll by 400 ft (120 m), reducing the Cessna Citation M2 advantages. A new engine inlet reduces vibration and cabin noise, the lavatory receives a belted seat allowing a fifth passenger and the Garmin G3000 gets computed take-off distance and stability/angle of attack protection.[48] Its payload is increased by 200 lb (91 kg): 100 lb (45 kg) from the empty weight reduction and the same from an increased maximum takeoff weight while 16 US gal (61 l) more of fuel tank fill unused space in the aft fuselage.[49] Honda began deliveries on August 7, 2018.[50]

The upgrades are retrofitable for $250,000, including software updates and a 45kg (100lb) MTOW increase and take-off run reduction by 135m (443ft) to 1,064m thanks to a few inches span extension of the horizontal tailplane, removal of wing fences and vortex generators.[2]

Design[edit]

Rear view of the aircraft, highlighting the overwing podded engine configuration

The HondaJet is a low-wing monoplane with an unconventional structure; it has a mainly composite fuselage and an aluminium wing. The aircraft is powered by two GE Honda Aero Engines HF120 turbofans mounted on pylons above the wing. It has a retractable tricycle landing gear with both main and nose landing gear single-wheeled.

The HondaJet’s overwing engine mount configuration was designed to maximize cabin space,[6] and achieve lower wave drag at a high Mach number. The nose and wing are designed for laminar flow, and the main fuselage has a constant profile, making an eventual stretch easier. The combination of engine placement, wing and fuselage was achieved using computer simulations and wind tunnels.[8][51] Honda claims that the combination of lightweight materials, aerodynamics and efficient engines gives the HondaJet up to 20% better fuel efficiency than similar aircraft.[52] When cruising at 43,000 feet, the jet is said to consume just 339 litres (89.5 gallons) of fuel per hour.[53]

Honda began developing its own small turbofan engine, the HF118, in 1999. This led to the HF120, developed with GE Aviation under the GE-Honda partnership. The HF120 was test-flown on a Cessna Citation CJ1.[54] The engine features a single fan, a two-stage compressor and a two-stage turbine. The GE Honda HF120 received FAA type certification on 13 December 2013,[55] and production certification in 2015.[26][41]

Interior of the HondaJet

The interior dimensions are 5.43 m (17.80 ft) long, 1.52 m (5.00 ft) wide, and 1.47 m (4.83 ft) high, while the cabin is 12.1 ft (3.7 m) long besides the enclosed lavatory.[56] Total interior volume is 324 cu ft (9.2 m3), and luggage capacity is 66 cu ft (1.9 m3).[57] Cabin volume is 228 cu ft (6.5 m3).[58][unreliable source?][promotional or fringe source?]

Garmin 3000 Avionics for the HA-420

The aircraft is equipped with a touchscreen 3-display Garmin G3000[39] glass cockpit system. Most of the cockpit readouts are presented on flat-panel displays.

Michimasa Fujino received the 2014 International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences award for leading the design,[59] as well as a Living Legends of Aviation Industry Leader of the Year award.[60]

The HondaJet is the recipient of several awards, including Flying Magazine's first Flying Innovation Award in 2017[61], the 2014 'Best of What's New' title by Popular Science magazine and AIAA's 2012 Aircraft Design Award [62].

Operational history[edit]

By October 2018, the 92 aircraft in service had logged 20,000 hours with a 99.7% dispatch reliability.[2]

Specifications[edit]

Data from Aviation International News[63]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 pilot or 2.
  • Capacity: 4-6
  • Length: 13.0 m (42.6 ft)
  • Wingspan: 12.1 m (39.8 ft)
  • Height: 4.5 m (14.9 ft)
  • Empty weight: 3,267 kg (7,203 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,808 kg (10,600 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × GE Honda HF120 turbofan, 9.1 kN (2,050 lbf) thrust each
  • Bypass ratio: 2.9

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 782 km/h; 486 mph (422 kn) max cruise
  • Cruise speed: 682 km/h; 423 mph (368 kn) long range
  • Range: 2,234 km; 1,388 mi (1,206 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 13,000 m (43,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 20 m/s (4,000 ft/min)
  • Fuel consumption: 0.41 kg/km (1.46 lb/mi)
  • Take-off distance: 3,934 feet (1,199 m)
  • Landing distance: 3,047 feet (929 m)
  • Fuel capacity: 2,850 pounds (1,290 kg)
  • Cabin altitude: 8,000 feet (2,400 m)

Deliveries[edit]

Year 2015[64] 2016[65] 2017[66] Q1-Q2 2018[67] All
Deliveries 2 23 43 17 85
Billings (M$) 9 103.5 209.2 83.3 405
Average (M$) 4.5 4.5 4.87 4.9 4.76

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology, First Flight for Production HondaJet, 7 July 2014, p. 11
  2. ^ a b c Max Kingsley Jones (15 Oct 2018). "NBAA: Performance package offered for baseline HondaJet". FlightGlobal.
  3. ^ Naomi Tajitsu, Maki Shiraki (Mar 27, 2017). "Honda faces long haul to recoup jet costs". Reuters.
  4. ^ "Purchase Planning Handbook" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week Network. May 2018.
  5. ^ "Greensboro-made HondaJet debuts at Wisconsin airshow". News & Record. July 28, 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  6. ^ a b c Warwick, Graham. "Opening doors" Flight International, 9–15 January 2007.
  7. ^ "Raspet Flight Research Laboratory: History/Honda Jet". Ae.msstate.edu. Archived from the original on 2003-09-07. Retrieved 2010-12-23.
  8. ^ a b Fujino, Michimasa. "Design and Development of the HondaJet" Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 42, No. 3, May–June 2005. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  9. ^ “Driven to Succeed.” Wingsmagazine.com Retrieved February 5, 2015.
  10. ^ Matoon, Jeff. "The world of HondaJet" page 5. PilotMag, May/June 2012
  11. ^ “HondaJet makes world debut at EAA AirVenture.” AINonline.com Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  12. ^ “Honda Gives Green Light for HondaJet.” AINonline.com (14 November 2006). Retrieved February 5, 2015.
  13. ^ Welsh, Jonathan. “New HondaJet Makes First Flight.” Blogs.WSJ.com (22 December 2010). Retrieved 5 February 2015/
  14. ^ Lavender, Chris. Flight sends Hondajet into next phase Times-News, Burlington, N.C. July 2014
  15. ^ AW&ST, 7 July 2014, p. 11
  16. ^ “First Production HondaJet Takes Off.” Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine. Fly-Corporate.com Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  17. ^ “First Production HondaJet Makes Public Debut At AirVenture.” MidwestFlyer.com Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  18. ^ Whitfield, Bethany. "Production Conforming HondaJet Debuts at Oshkosh" Flying (magazine), 29 July 2014.
  19. ^ Reynolds, Ric. "HondaJet Makes Another Oshkosh First Archived 2014-07-30 at the Wayback Machine." Experimental Aircraft Association, 28 July 2014.
  20. ^ Kauh, Elaine (27 March 2015). "HondaJet Nears Final Type Certification". avweb.com. Aviation Publishing Group. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  21. ^ "HondaJet delays delivery of first light jet; opening of Albany operation also delayed - Albany Business Review". Albany Business Review. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
  22. ^ "More Delays Logged in HondaJet Program". Aviation International News. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
  23. ^ "HondaJet Certification Pushed Out to Late 2014". Aviation International News. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
  24. ^ "Honda’s HondaJet HA-420 Ready To Begin Deliveries In 2015 Archived 2015-04-12 at the Wayback Machine."
  25. ^ Thurber, Matt (27 March 2015). "HondaJet Receives Provisional FAA Certification". Aviation International News. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  26. ^ a b c d e Trimble, Stephen (27 March 2015), "HondaJet gains provisional type certificate, deliveries near", Flightglobal, Reed Business Information, retrieved 29 March 2015
  27. ^ "Provisional Airworthiness Certification"
  28. ^ "Special Airworthiness Certificate, Provisional Category" FAA
  29. ^ "FAA awards type certification to HondaJet" December 9, 2015 FlightGlobal: Stephen Trimble https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/faa-awards-type-certification-to-hondajet-419890/
  30. ^ "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. A00018AT Revision 0" (PDF). FAA. December 8, 2015.
  31. ^ a b Lynch, Kerry (18 May 2015). "HondaJet Debuts In Europe With Certification Close". Aviation International News. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  32. ^ "HondaJet Achieves EASA Certification". Flying Magazine. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  33. ^ "HondaJet Gets Brazilian Nod". AIN.
  34. ^ https://www.hondajet.com/news/article?articleType=pressrelease&categoryType=d82b11b7-98a3-4a02-9688-5bd05eef476d
  35. ^ https://www.hondajet.com/news/article?articleType=pressrelease&categoryType=cbda1254-b82d-46dd-8eec-0bc2b41d433c
  36. ^ https://www.hondajet.com/news/article?articleType=pressrelease&categoryType=76554caa-baf9-4769-a768-4fbe9a8434a2
  37. ^ https://www.hondajet.com/news/article?articleType=pressrelease&categoryType=7a47e4f3-7089-44f3-82b3-61e7b684a1d7
  38. ^ https://www.hondajet.com/news/article?articleType=pressrelease&categoryType=f39fe615-79d5-499e-aafc-b3e7d9c84a7e
  39. ^ a b Garvey, William. HondaJet flight testing is underway Aviation Week. Accessed: 9 January 2011.
  40. ^ "Honda Aircraft Company Updates HondaJet Program | HondaJet | News". Hondajet.honda.com. 2009-04-30. Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2010-12-23.
  41. ^ a b Trautvetter, Chad (18 March 2015). "GE Honda Wins FAA Production Certificate for HF120 Engine". Aviation International News. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  42. ^ http://myfox8.com/2015/12/24/honda-aircraft-delivers-its-first-hondajet/
  43. ^ Namowitz, Dan (11 July 2016). "HONDA GAINS FAA PRODUCTION CERTIFICATE". AOPA. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  44. ^ Haines, Thomas. "EUROPE GETS ITS FIRST HONDAJET (Apr 20, 2016)". AOPA.org. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  45. ^ Chad Trautvetter (November 14, 2016). "HondaJet Production To Reach 80 Annually by March 2019". Aviation International News.
  46. ^ Kerry Reals (22 May 2017). "HondaJet global sales drive ramps up with SE Asia entry". Flight Global.
  47. ^ Greensboro News & Record http://www.greensboro.com/gnr/hondajet-most-delivered-in-its-category-in/article_730c3c55-f5cf-517d-af8c-e27b1b0fbc7c.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  48. ^ Stephen Trimble (28 May 2018). "HondaJet rolls out Elite upgrade package 30 months after EIS". Flightglobal.
  49. ^ Matt Thurber (May 27, 2018). "Honda Aircraft Unveils Elite HondaJet". AIN online.
  50. ^ Chad Trautvetter (August 8, 2018). "First HondaJet Elite Delivered". AIN online.
  51. ^ Garrison, Peter. "Technicalities" page 83 Flying Magazine, December 2006
  52. ^ "Honda out to shake up market with first jet next year". Reuters. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  53. ^ Gordon, Lisa. "Building the Buzz: HondaJet (Sep 15, 2017)". Skiesmag.com. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  54. ^ "Approval testing continues for HF120 turbofan". Aviation International News. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  55. ^ "FAA Certifies GE Honda Aero Engines HF120 Turbofan". Aviation International News. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  56. ^ "HondaJet brochure" (PDF). Honda.
  57. ^ Matt Thurber (December 18, 2006). "Honda reveals new details about the cabin of its jet". AIN online.
  58. ^ Airstream Jets. "HondaJet". Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  59. ^ Trautvetter, Chad. "Aeronautical Sciences Council Recognizes Honda Aircraft Leader Fujino" AINonline, 11 September 2014. Accessed: 4 September 2014
  60. ^ "Honda Aircraft's Fujino given prestigious honour".
  61. ^ https://www.flyingmag.com/hondajet-wins-flying-innovation-award
  62. ^ http://www.hondajet.com/Awards/
  63. ^ Matt thurber (4 July 2016). "Pilot Report" (PDF). Aviation International News.
  64. ^ "General Aviation Aircraft Shipment Report - 2015 Year End" (PDF). General Aviation Manufacturers Association. February 22, 2017.
  65. ^ "General Aviation Aircraft Shipment Report - 2016 Year End" (PDF). General Aviation Manufacturers Association. May 8, 2018.
  66. ^ "General Aviation Aircraft Shipment Report - 2017 Year End" (PDF). General Aviation Manufacturers Association. May 8, 2018.
  67. ^ "General Aviation Aircraft Shipment Report - 2018 Second Quarter" (PDF). General Aviation Manufacturers Association. August 6, 2018.
  68. ^ "Cessna Citation M2 Versus the World: Comparison Specs" Flying Magazine, 11 November 2013.

External links[edit]