|Hong Thi Tran|
May 5, 1966 |
Saigon, South Vietnam
Hong Thi Tran (born May 5, 1966) was a candidate in the Washington Democratic Party primary election for the United States Senate in 2006, challenging incumbent Maria Cantwell. Tran received more than five percent of the Democratic vote, and her differing views from those of Maria Cantwell (on the Iraq War in particular) drew the attention of the news media and local progressives. Tran is the first Vietnamese American in the state to run for U.S. Senate, and possibly the first in the country to do so, according to Carol Vu of the Northwest Asian Weekly, who considered Tran's campaign to be "historic."
Tran's family lived in Saigon, South Vietnam from her birth until they fled the country during the fall of her home city to the Communist forces in the spring of 1975, when she was almost eight years old. They escaped on a boat, then were picked up by a US Navy vessel. They were moved through various refugee camps, eventually making it to the United States, and settling in Orlando, Florida.
Tran earned a Bachelor of Arts from Agnes Scott College in Decatur, Georgia, in 1988. After taking a year off to earn money for tuition, she attended law school at the University of Utah College of Law, receiving her Juris Doctor in 1992. Tran's start in the non-profit legal services field started during law school, when she began volunteering at Utah Legal Services, a nonprofit agency providing free civil legal services to low-income families. There she specialized in payday loans, fair debt collection, unemployment compensation, child custody, and domestic violence issues.
After graduation, she decided to continue providing legal services to the underprivileged and received a fellowship to work at Legal Services of North Carolina. After her fellowship, she moved to Spokane Legal Services where she specialized in child custody cases involving abusive relationships for a year. In 1996, she began working at the Northwest Justice Project in Seattle. The next 10 years were at the Northwest Justice Project; the first eight were as a Staff Attorney working on advocacy for affordable housing and individuals facing housing discrimination or eviction, including co-authoring briefs submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court. Between 2004 and 2006, when she resigned her position to campaign, she was an Advocacy Coordinator, mentoring new attorneys and supporting other advocates at her organization.
Tran, according to her campaign website and media interviews, entered the race for the Democratic nomination for US Senate due to her opposition to the presence of US troops in Iraq, free trade agreements NAFTA and CAFTA, and the USA PATRIOT Act, all of which incumbent Senator Maria Cantwell had voted in favor of. Tran had previously considered entering the Democratic primary to challenge Rep. Jim McDermott (D-Seattle), who she considered insufficiently strong on poverty issues. After Mark Wilson, a fellow anti-Iraq War candidate, dropped out of the primary, endorsed Cantwell, and accepted a position on her campaign staff as "outreach coordinator" with a salary of $8,000 per month, Tran's campaign began receiving more attention, as she was the only anti-war Democratic candidate left in the primary at that time. One day later, Tran was contacted by Dal LaMagna (a progressive activist and organizer who himself had been hired by the Cantwell campaign the day before Wilson) about joining the Cantwell campaign. Based on the context of the call, Tran interpreted this to be a job offer, which she declined. These events caused political commentators, like those in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer and The Washington Times, to surmise that this was an attempt by the Cantwell campaign to silence the anti-Iraq War opposition in her party.
In an interview with KUOW, a Seattle NPR affiliate, Tran noted Cantwell's avoidance of debates and challenged Cantwell to debate with her. Tran criticized Cantwell for not being the most electable Democratic candidate because she believed Cantwell had divided the party. Tran speculated that Cantwell had alienated the progressive portion of the state to the extent that many would either stay home or vote for a third party candidate during the general election. Despite Tran's harsh criticism of Senator Cantwell, Tran said that if she lost, she would vote for the Democratic nominee in the general election because she wanted her "vote to count". In the September 19 edition of The Washington Times, Tran was quoted as saying that if she lost in the primary she would "certainly not" endorse Cantwell.
Both media reports and Tran's campaign press releases highlighted the lack of support provided to Tran by the state Democratic party leadership, such as restricting her access to the party's voter database and refusing to let her bring campaign signs into a Coordinated Campaign event at Whittier Elementary. Tran claimed that the party leadership was preventing the distribution of information about her campaign to Democratic voters and PCOs in an attempt to control the primary results; party chair Dwight Pelz and spokesman Kelly Steele claimed that her campaign didn't have enough resources to utilize the information in the voter database. Despite these differences with the party leadership, Tran was able to win the sole endorsement of Cantwell's home district, the 32nd Legislative District, and shared endorsements with Cantwell in three other legislative districts, the 40th, 25th, and 26th LDs.
Tran also stated the following positions on her campaign website:
- Health care: Tran supports single-payer universal health care for the U.S.
- Social security: Tran opposes increasing retirement age past the current age of 67. She also opposes benefit reductions and privatization of Social security.
- Education: Tran opposes taxpayer-funded school voucher programs. She is in favor of increased funding for education and reduction in class size.
- Immigration: Tran is opposed to criminalization of illegal immigrants and is opposed to guest-worker programs.
- Environment: Tran supports toughening environmental laws.
- Gay marriage: Tran supports marriage equality.
- Abortion: Tran is pro-choice.
2012 Judicial Election
In 2012, Tran became a candidate for King County Superior Court Judge, Department 29, running against senior deputy prosecutor Sean O'Donnell. A controversy arose over the King County Bar Association's rating of Tran as "not qualified" despite her experience in legal work; several state and local judges questioned the accuracy of the rating. In the August 7th primary election, Tran lost with 23.11% of the vote against O'Donnell's share of 76.89% of the vote.
- "2006 Primary Election Results - U.S. Senator". Washington Secretary of State. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Jean Chemnick (2006-08-17). "Dems Unhappy With Sen. Cantwell Have an Option in Tran". CQPolitics.com. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Neil Modie (2006-09-16). "Senate race has national echoes". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Christina Bellantoni (2006-09-19). "Party rival says Cantwell deserves to lose over war". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- "Hong Tran’s historic campaign ends". Northwest Asian Weekly. 2006-09-23. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2006-09-29.
- "About Hong". Hong Tran for U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on 2006-08-16. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- "Hong Tran, Democrat for U.S. Senate". KUOW. 2006-07-11. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Jean Chemnick (2006-08-17). "The CQPolitics Interview: Hong Tran (Wash. Senate)". CQPolitics.com. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Fryer, Alex (2006-08-06). "Cantwell challenger adds quixotic flavor to campaign". The Seattle Times.
- David Postman (2006-07-09). "Cantwell's primary foe turns friend". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Neil Modie (2006-07-12). "Last Cantwell rival believes campaign offered job to end all opposition". Seattle P-I. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Donald Lambro (2006-07-24). "Washington Senatorial Cliffhanger". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Robert L. Jamieson Jr. (2006-07-11). "Do hires make her Maria, Queen of Smarts?". Seattle P-I. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- "Monday, August 21, 2006". Free Speech Radio News. 2006-08-21. Archived from the original on 2006-10-02. Retrieved 2006-09-29.
- "Democratic Party Blocking Voters' Access To Information About U.S. Senate Candidate Hong Tran". Hong Tran for U.S. Senate. 2006-07-21. Retrieved 2006-09-29.[dead link]
- Josh Feit (2006-06-07). "Crashing the Party". The Stranger. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Johnson, Gene (27 June 2012). "Candidate's 'not qualified' rating baffles judges". Seattle Times. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Hong Tran for Superior Court".
- "King Superior Court - Judge Position 29". August 07, 2012 Primary Results. Washington Secretary of State. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2012.