Interstate 494

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Interstate 494 marker

Interstate 494
I-494 highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of I-94
Maintained by MnDOT
Length43.00 mi[1] (69.20 km)
Existed1985[citation needed]–present
Major junctions
West end I-94 / I-694 / US 52 in Maple Grove
 
East end I-94 / I-694 in Woodbury/Oakdale
Location
CountiesWashington, Ramsey, Dakota, Hennepin
Highway system
  • Minnesota Trunk Highways
I-394I-535

Interstate 494 (I-494) is a loop route making up part of a beltway of Interstate 94, circling through the southern and western portions of the Minneapolis – Saint Paul metropolitan area in Minnesota. The 43-mile (69 km) road is coupled with Interstate 694 (which circles the northern edge of the Twin Cities metro area) at each end, and composes more than half of the major beltway of the region. I-694 / I-494 also act as loop routes for Interstate 35E and Interstate 35W.

I-494 has a few intersections with other interstates:

The speed limit on I-494 is 60 miles per hour (100 km/h). Interstate highways outside of the loop in Minnesota may be signed as high as 70 mph (110 km/h). Most highways inside the loop are signed at speeds of 55 mph (90 km/h) or lower, though a few exceptions were added in September 2005, allowing speeds of up to 60 mph (97 km/h) in some places. Those roads had been signed at 60 mph (97 km/h) or higher up until the gasoline crisis of the 1970s.

Route description[edit]

Exit numbering of Interstate 494 is unusual in that it begins at the Minnesota River heading westbound (between Mendota Heights and Bloomington), and continues clockwise around the entire beltway, continuing clockwise onto Interstate 694. The last exit east of the Minnesota River is #71 to Pilot Knob Road. The first exit west of the river is #1A, which grants access to eastbound State Highway 5 and airport terminal 1. The most significant landmark on the length of I-494 is Mall of America, just south of the intersection of I-494 and State Highway 77.

Legally, the route of Interstate 494 is defined as part of unmarked legislative route 393 in Minnesota Statutes § 161.12(5). [1] Interstate 494 is not marked with this legislative number along the actual highway.

History[edit]

Construction on Interstate 494 first began in the late 1950s, and it was finally completed in 1985. With the most recent upgrade completed in November 2016, Interstate 494 is now at least three lanes in each direction for its entire route.

Expansion of the Wakota Bridge between Newport and South St. Paul over the Mississippi River was completed in the summer of 2010. The bridge is named so because it connects Washington County and Dakota County. Near the end of this effort, Interstate 494 was widened from two to three lanes in each direction between Lake Road and I-94 in Woodbury.

A major reconstruction / widening project of I-494 was completed in fall 2006 between U.S. Highway 212 / State Highway 5 in Eden Prairie and Carlson Parkway at Minnetonka / Plymouth. There were plans for up to six lanes in each direction for parts of I-494 in Bloomington, but the majority of the city only sees four lanes, and sees five in only two spots: eastbound at the East Bush Lake Road exit, and further eastbound at the point where I-494 and MN-5 separate from each other.

Traffic[edit]

Since its opening, I-494 has seen lots of traffic problems, both eastbound and westbound. Vehicles usually start to slow down at the U.S. Highway 169 interchange in Bloomington, and continues to slow at the interchange with State Highway 100, at the Bloomington-Edina city line. However, traffic is the worst at the interchange for I-35W, which is located at the Bloomington-Richfield city line[2]. Currently, information on the study is on Bloomington's website. The plan is scoped between US-169 to the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport. The road sees over 500,000 passengers per day, with it being congested for more than 30% of the day. So far, MnDOT has determined to add MnPASS lanes eastbound from France Avenue to State Highway 77, and westbound from MN-77 to I-35W. They have also determined to construct a directional ramp for Northbound I-35W from westbound I-494. Another plan is changing the current cloverleaf interchange between I-494 and I-35W into a turbine interchange. Problems have been addressed throughout the entire corridor, with all the highways being included.

494 Corridor Commission[edit]

The 494 Corridor Commission, also known as 494 Commuter Services, is a non-profit organization aimed at reducing traffic congestion along the southwest section of the Interstate 494 corridor. In 1988, the cities of Bloomington, Eden Prairie, Edina, Minnetonka, and Richfield joined together to address traffic congestion and work towards improving I-494. The organization's mission is to promote economic growth and regional prosperity through improved transportation options along the highway, such as carpooling and bus transit. The organization's board of directors consists of representatives from each of the five member cities, the Minnesota Department of Transportation, the Metropolitan Council, and the private business community.[3]

Exit list[edit]

CountyLocationmi[4]kmExitDestinationsNotes
WashingtonOakdale58.15893.596 I-694 northContinuation beyond I-94
OakdaleWoodbury line58 I-94 (US 12) – St. Paul, MadisonSigned as exits 58A (west) and 58B (east); I-94 exit 249
Woodbury58.99994.95058CTamarack Road
59.85296.32259Valley Creek Road (CSAH 16)Former MN 120 north
60.69097.67160Lake Road
RamseyWashington
county line
MaplewoodNewport line63.177101.67463A US 10 west / US 61 north / Bailey Road (CSAH 18) – St. PaulBailey Rd. not signed eastbound
WashingtonNewport63B US 10 east / US 61 south – Hastings
63.408102.04563CMaxwell Avenue (CSAH 38)Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
DakotaSouth St. Paul63.995102.990Mississippi River
64.204103.32664AHardman Avenue
64.646104.03864B MN 156 (Concord Street)
65.125–
65.251
104.809–
105.011
655th Avenue, 7th Avenue
Inver Grove Heights66.148106.45566 US 52 – St. Paul, Rochester
66.391–
67.170
106.846–
108.100
67 MN 3 (Robert Street) / MN 62Previously MN 110 before 110 was resigned as an extension of MN 62
EaganMendota Heights line70.049112.73369 MN 149 (Dodd Road) to MN 55MN 55 crosses I-494 west of I-35E, but with no direct access
70.815113.96670 I-35E – St. Paul, Albert LeaI-35E exits 99A-B
71.906115.72171 CSAH 31 (Pilot Knob Road)
DakotaHennepin
county line
EaganMendota Heights
Bloomington tripoint
73.021
0.000
117.516
0.000
I-494 Bridge over the Minnesota River
HennepinBloomington1.2572.0231A MN 5 east – Terminal 1Eastern end of MN 5 overlap
1.6372.6341B 34th Avenue – Terminal 2Diverging diamond interchange; METRO Blue Line light rail runs in the median of 34th Avenue[5]
2.3553.7902A24th Avenue
BloomingtonRichfield line2.8364.5642B-C MN 77 (Cedar Avenue)Signed as exits 2B (north) and 2C (south)
3.358–
3.856
5.404–
6.206
3 CSAH 35 (Portland Avenue) / 12th Avenue
4.3577.0124A CSAH 52 (Nicollet Avenue)
4.8547.8124BLyndale Avenue
5.3438.5995 I-35W – Minneapolis, Albert LeaSigned as exits 5A (north) and 5B (south); I-35W exits 9A-B
5.8519.4166A CSAH 32 (Penn Avenue)
Bloomington6.87511.0646B CSAH 17 (France Avenue)
7.92612.7567 MN 100 north / CSAH 34 (Normandale Boulevard)Signed as exits 7A (north) and 7B (south)
8.52113.7138 CSAH 28 (E. Bush Lake Road)
BloomingtonEden Prairie line10.11416.27710A US 169Eastbound access to US 169 north via exit 10B
10BWashington AvenueEastbound exit and westbound entrance
Eden Prairie11.65918.76311A CSAH 61 (Flying Cloud Drive) / Prairie Center Drive
11.92319.18811B-C US 212 west / MN 5 westWestern end of MN 5 overlap
12.23319.68712 CSAH 39 (Valley View Road)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Minnetonka13.89922.36813 MN 62 east / CSAH 62 west
16.26726.17916 MN 7Signed as exits 16A (east) and 16B (west)
16.97027.31117Minnetonka Boulevard
19.51331.40319 I-394 east / US 12 – Minneapolis, WayzataCloverleaf interchange; signed as exits 19A (east) and 19B (west); I-394/US 12 exit 1
Plymouth20.36632.77620Carlson Parkway
21.30234.28221 CSAH 6
22.27235.84322 MN 55
23.52237.85523 CSAH 9 (Rockford Road)
Maple Grove26.20342.17026 CSAH 10 (Bass Lake Road)
27.99345.05027 I-94 west (US 52 west) – St. CloudNorthbound left exit and southbound entrance; I-94 exit 216
I-94 / I-694 east (US 52 north)Beltway continues as I-94/I-694 east/US 52 south
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Interstate 494 Minnesota". Interstate-Guide.com. Retrieved May 17, 2005.[self-published source?]
  2. ^ https://www.bloomingtonmn.gov/eng/i-35wi-494-interchange-improvements
  3. ^ "494 Corridor Commission - Who We Are". Retrieved 2011-01-17.
  4. ^ Minnesota Department of Transportation (August 14, 2014). "Statewide Trunk Logpoint Listing" (PDF). St. Paul: Minnesota Department of Transportation. pp. 54–61. Retrieved 2015-07-06.
  5. ^ "34th Avenue/I-494 Interchange: Diverging diamond interchange removes right turn arrows". City of Bloomington. Retrieved October 17, 2013.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata