U.S. Route 1 in Virginia

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This article is about the section of U.S. Route 1 in Virginia. For the entire route, see U.S. Route 1.

U.S. Route 1 marker

U.S. Route 1
Route information
Maintained by VDOT
Length: 197 mi[1] (318 km)
Existed: 1926 (1918 as SR 1, 1923 as SR 31) – present
Major junctions
South end: US 1 / US 401 near Norlina, NC
  US 58 in South Hill
I‑85 in various locations
US 301 / US 460 in Petersburg
US 60 / US 360 in Manchester
US 33 / US 250 in Richmond
I‑64 / I‑95 in Richmond
I‑295 in Glen Allen
US 17 in Fredericksburg
I‑95 / I‑495 in Alexandria
North end: US 1 / I‑395 in Washington, DC
Counties: Mecklenburg, Brunswick, Dinwiddie, City of Petersburg, City of Colonial Heights, Chesterfield, City of Richmond, Henrico, Hanover, Caroline, Spotsylvania, City of Fredericksburg, Stafford, Prince William, Fairfax, City of Alexandria, Arlington
Highway system
SR 895 SR 2

U.S. Route 1 in the U.S. state of Virginia runs north–south through South Hill, Petersburg, Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Alexandria on its way from North Carolina to the 14th Street Bridge into the District of Columbia. It is completely paralleled by Interstate Highways in Virginia – Interstate 85 south of Petersburg, Interstate 95 north to Alexandria, and Interstate 395 into the District – and now serves mainly local traffic. At its north end, on the approach to the 14th Street Bridge, US 1 is concurrent with I-395; the rest of US 1 is on surface roads.

Route description[edit]

North Carolina through Richmond[edit]

From the North Carolina state line to Petersburg, US 1 parallels Interstate 85 and is partly known as Boydton Plank Road. This sectiom is mainly a 3 lane road with an alternating passing lane, and is marked as Historic Route 1. In some sections, it is briefly a 4 lane divided highway. It mainly serves local traffic but can serve as a detour for I-85. Around the southwestern edge of Petersburg, US 1 has a brief concurrency with US 460 which terminates at Exit 63 along I-85 where US 460 turns northeast and US Business Route 460 takes its place. US 1/BUS 460 makes a sharp turn to the east around Central State Hospital and becomes West Washington Street. After running beneath a railroad bridge signed for Seaboard Systems, the routes become a one-way pair with northeast-bound traffic shifting to West Wythe Street and southeast-bound traffic remaining along West Washington Street. The concurrency with US 1 ends at US 301, and US BUS 460 joins southbound US 301 itself. From Downtown Petersburg northward, US 1 parallels Interstate 95 overlapping US 301 and is known in most places as the Jefferson Davis Highway. In Colonial Heights it is known as The Boulevard. In Richmond, the name of Route 1 changes from Jefferson Davis Highway to Cowardin Avenue; then changes to Belvidere Street, then Chamberlayne Avenue. The US 1-301 overlap ends at Azalea Avenue where US 1 turns west and then north once again onto Brook Road. Beyond the Richmond City Limits, it will gain the name Washington Highway, only to regain the name Jefferson Davis Highway once again. Even with the other street names, markers for the Jefferson Davis Highway can be found at random locations such as the Brook Road Marker in Henrico County, and Ashland Marker in Hanover County, both of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Between Ashland and Doswell, the road curves slightly to the northwest as it crosses a bridge over the CSX RF&P Subdivision and returns to the north where it dips down towards a bridge over the South Anna River, and a similar dip approaching the bridge over the Little River. North of Doswell, the road briefly becomes a four-lane divided highway, but only in the vicinity of the decorated bridge over the North Anna River, where it crosses the Hanover-Caroline County Line.

Central Virginia toward Washington, D.C.[edit]

In the city of Fredericksburg, between Richmond and the District of Columbia, US 1 borders the northwestern edge of the University of Mary Washington campus. Within the Fredericksburg area, US 17 briefly joins US 1 in a short overlap before leaving at the interchange with I-95. Just north of Dogwood Airpark in the Aquia Harbor area is an unconventional interchange with VSR 610, which begins as an intersection running east, only to make a U-turn to the west onto a bridge over US 1 towards I-95. One of the unique features in the Stafford area is a wide median known as the Stafford Wayside. A second interchange with another surface road can be found which is also an entrance to the Quantico Marine Base. North of the Marine Base, the road enters Triangle, where it passes by an entrance to the National Museum of the Marine Corps. The road splits again between Triangle and Dumfries, but unlike the one in Stafford this split is a one-way pair of two different streets, in this case southbound US 1 is Main Street, while northbound US 1 is Fraley Boulevard. North of the intersection with VSR 906, a kiss-and-ride entrance to the Woodbridge (VRE station) can be found along the northbound lane, and the pedestrian bridge across the tracks can be seen in both directions.

After crossing the bridge over the Occoquan River north of Woodbridge and intersecting VSR 611 near Colchester, Route 1 changes its name to Richmond Highway and almost instantly encounters a scissor interchange with I-95, as it enters Lorton, where it curves toward the northeast moving further away from I-95. The route maintains the Richmond Highway name until reaching the Capital Beltway at Alexandria, becoming another one-way pair north of Wilkes Street, in this case Henry Street southbound and Patrick street northbound, then changing back to Jefferson Davis Highway (signed as "Jeff Davis Highway") between First and Vernon Streets in the Del Ray section of Alexandria and continuing as Jefferson Davis Highway name alongside the high-rise Crystal City office complex in Arlington. US 1 then merges with I-395, enters the District of Columbia and crosses the Potomac River on the 14th Street Bridges.


Route 1 in Fairfax County, Virginia, near Alexandria

What is now US 1 was added to the state highway system in 1918 as State Route 1, following the older Jefferson Davis Highway, which approximated at its northern end the route of the former Washington and Alexandria Turnpike.[2] The road was renumbered State Route 31 in the 1923 renumbering, and US 1 was applied to its whole length in 1926. SR 31 was dropped in the 1933 renumbering, and was immediately reused on its current alignment.

Prior to ca. 1924, SR 1/31 crossed the North Carolina state line with State Route 2/State Route 32 south of Clarksville on present U.S. Route 15. On the North Carolina side, it was North Carolina Highway 75. From Clarksville it ran east on present U.S. Route 58 to near South Hill.[3] The route continued east from South Hill to Edgerton on present US 58 and north to near McKenney on present State Route 712 until about the same time.[4] This alignment was defined as the Jefferson Davis Highway on March 17, 1922.[5]

By 1925, SR 31 was moved to the current alignment of US 1 south of McKenney[3] (previously State Route 122 south of South Hill[4] and State Route 314 north of South Hill[6]), but the Jefferson Davis Highway did not follow. This took SR 31 to the border at what was then North Carolina Highway 50. The old alignment remained State Route 32 south of Clarksville and State Route 12 from Boydton to Edgerton, and became State Route 201 from Clarksville to Boydton and a new State Route 122 from Edgerton to near McKenney.[3]

The preliminary plan for United States Numbered Highways was drawn up in 1925, and all of SR 31 was assigned US 1. The former SR 31 west and south from near South Hill into North Carolina became U.S. Route 401.[7] In late 1926, the final plan was adopted, and all of US 401 was renumbered to U.S. Route 15.[8] However, by April 1927, US 15 had been extended north from Clarksville, and the short piece from Clarksville to near South Hill was again U.S. Route 401.[9]

In 1975, the interchange between I-395 and U.S. 1 was rebuilt, and originally there were plans to upgrade US 1 to Interstate 595 southward to the connector road with Reagan National Airport. However, the upgrade as proposed was never built. Instead, US 1 is elevated with a diamond interchange over 15th Street South, but is a surface road with signaled intersections at 20th Street South and further south.[10][11]

The modern US 1 corridor was added to the state highway system as follows:

Portion Creation Number Notes
North Carolina to South Hill 1922[12] SR 122 (1923-1925[citation needed]) → SR 31[13] (1925-1933)
South Hill to Nottoway River Bridge 1924[14] SR 314 (1924-1925[citation needed]) → SR 31[13] (1925-1933)
Nottoway River Bridge to Solomons Store 1918[15] SR 1[15] (1918-1923) → SR 31[13] (1923-1933)
Solomons Store to Four Mile Fork 1924[14] SR 31[13] (1924-1933)
Four Mile Fork to Washington, D.C. 1918[15] SR 1[15] (1918-1923) → SR 31[13] (1923-1933) Occoquan bypassed in 1926;[16] former alignment renumbered SR 315[13]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi km Destinations Notes
Mecklenburg   US 1 south – Raleigh North Carolina state line
  SR 713 (Rough Road) to SR 4
Big Fork US 58 west – Boydton, Clarksville, Buggs Island Lake, Danville south end of US 58 overlap
  US 58 east / SR 780 to I‑85 – Emporia north end of US 58 overlap; south end of US 58 Bus. overlap
South Hill
US 58 Bus. east / SR 47 north (Atlantic Street) to I‑85 – Chase City, Norfolk
north end of US 58 Bus. overlap
SR 138 north (Union Mill Road) – Kenbridge, Victoria
I‑85 – Petersburg, Durham, NC I-85 exit 15
Brunswick Alberta SR 46 (Christianna Highway) – Blackstone, Kenbridge, Lawrenceville
  I‑85 – South Hill, Petersburg I-85 exit 28
Alberta SR 136 west (Church Street)
  SR 712 (Old Stage Road) to I‑85 former SR 140 south
Dinwiddie McKenney SR 40 (Doyle Boulevard) to I‑85 – Blackstone, Fort Pickett, Waverly
Dinwiddie SR 703 (Carson Road) to I‑85 – Carson former SR 141 east
US 460 Bus. west (Airport Street) to I‑85 / I‑95 / US 460 – Blackstone, Lynchburg
south end of US 460 Bus. overlap
  SR 142 east (Simpson Road) / SR 603 (Weakley Road)
  I‑85 / US 460 to I‑95 – South Hill, Durham, NC I-85 exit 63
  SR 319 (Albermarle Street) – Central State Hospital
  SR 226 west (Cox Road)
  SR 357 (North Road)
  SR 319 – Central State Hospital
City of Petersburg
SR 36 Truck west (South Street) – Virginia State University, Ettrick
south end of SR 36 Truck west overlap (southbound only)
Market Street south end of SR 36 east overlap (northbound only)

US 301 Alt. south (Sycamore Street)
south end of US 301 Alt. overlap

US 460 Bus. east / SR 36 east (Wythe Street) to I‑85 / I‑95
north end of US 460 Bus. overlap; north end of SR 36 east overlap (northbound only)

US 301 south (Bank Street) to US 460 Bus.
north end of US 301 Alt. overlap (southbound); south end of US 301 overlap (southbound)
SR 36 west (Bollingbrook Street) north end of US 301 Alt. overlap (northbound); north end of SR 36 Truck west overlap (southbound only); south end of US 301 overlap (northbound)
City of Colonial Heights SR 144 south (Temple Avenue) to I‑95 south end of SR 144 overlap
Chesterfield Pickadat Corner SR 144 north (Harrowgate Road) – Chester, Chesterfield north end of SR 144 overlap
Chester SR 10 (West Hundred Road) to I‑95 – Chester, Hopewell
  SR 288 to I‑95 / US 360 north / SR 76 interchange
Chimney Corner SR 145 west (Chester Road) / SR 656 east (Bellwood Road)
Bensley SR 150 (Chippenham Parkway) to I‑95 / SR 895 – Richmond International Airport interchange
City of Richmond SR 161 (Bells Road) to I‑95
Bellemeade Road former SR 416 north

US 360 / US 60 Truck (Hull Street)
no left turn southbound
US 60 (Semmes Avenue)
Riverside Drive interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance
Robert E. Lee Memorial Bridge over James River
2nd Street - Downtown Richmond interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance
To SR 195 east / I‑64 east / I‑95 / West Byrd Street
SR 147 east (West Cary Street)
SR 147 west (West Main Street) no left turn northbound; traffic is directed to turn right on SR 147 east and U-turn
US 250 (West Broad Street)
SR 33 (West Leigh Street)
I‑64 / I‑95 – Washington, Charlottesville, Petersburg, Norfolk I-95 exit 76; no access from I-64 west / I-95 north to US 1 south or US 1 south to I-64 west / I-95 north
Chamberlayne Parkway interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance
SR 197 west (Laburnum Avenue) to I‑64 / I‑95
US 301 north / SR 2 north (Chamberlayne Avenue) to I‑95 / I‑295 north end of US 301 overlap
Henrico Brook Hill I‑95 south to I‑64 I-95 exit 81
Lakeside SR 161 south (Hilliard Road) – Greendale
Yellow Tavern SR 73 east (Parham Road) to I‑95
  I‑295 to I‑64 / I‑95 – Charlottesville, Norfolk, Rocky Mount, NC I-295 exits 43C-D
Hanover Ashland SR 54 (England Street) to I‑95 – Scotchtown Home of Patrick Henry
Gum Tree SR 738 (Old Ridge Road) – Coatesville, Bear Island, Scotchtown former SR 51 north
  SR 30 east (Kings Dominion Boulevard) to I‑95 – Kings Dominion
Caroline Carmel Church SR 207 east (Rogers-Clark Boulevard) / SR 658 (Jericho Road) to I‑95 / US 301 – Bowling Green
Ladysmith SR 639 (Ladysmith Road) to I‑95 – Chilesburg, Poplar former SR 229 west
Nancy Wrights Corner SR 605 (Marye Road / Paige Road) – Bowling Green former SR 208 east
Spotsylvania Thornburg SR 606 (Morris Road / Mudd Tavern Road) to I‑95 – Snell, Guinea, Stonewall Jackson Shrine, Lake Anna State Park
  US 17 south (Mills Drive) – Tappahannock, Newport News, Fort A.P. Hill, Germanna Community College south end of US 17 overlap
  I‑95 / US 17 north – Washington, Richmond I-95 exit 126; north end of US 17 overlap
Four Mile Fork
US 1 Bus. north (Lafayette Boulevard) / SR 208 west (Courthouse Road) – Spotsylvania CH, Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center
City of Fredericksburg SR 3 to I‑95 – Culpeper, Downtown Fredericksburg interchange

US 1 Bus. south / US 17 Bus. south (Princess Anne Street) to SR 2 – Downtown Fredericksburg
south end of US 17 Bus. overlap
Stafford Falmouth
US 17 Bus. north (Warrenton Road) / SR 218 east (Butler Road) to I‑95
north end of US 17 Bus. overlap
Stafford SR 630 (Courthouse Road) to I‑95 – Aquia Landing former SR 212 east
Aquia Harbor I‑95 / SR 610 (Garrisonville Road) – Garrisonville, Washington I-95 exit 143; former SR 213
Prince William Triangle SR 619 (Joplin Road / Fuller Road) to I‑95 – Quantico National Cemetery, Marine Corps Base Quantico, Quantico, Prince William Forest Park
Dumfries SR 234 north (Dumfries Road) to I‑95 – Manassas, Merrimac Farm Wildlife Management Area
Woodbridge SR 294 west (Prince William Parkway) to I‑95
SR 906 north (Occoquan Road) former SR 253 north
SR 123 north (Gordon Boulevard) to I‑95 – Occoquan, Workhouse Arts Center
Fairfax Colchester Furnace Road (SR 611)
  I‑95 south – Richmond I-95 exit 161; southbound exit and northbound entrance
  I‑95 north – Washington I-95 exit 161; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Lorton SR 242 east / SR 600 (Gunston Road) – Gunston Hall, Mason Neck, Pirate's Cove Waterpark at Pohick Bay, Mason Neck State Park, Pohick Bay Regional Park, Mason Neck Management Area
Pohick Telegraph Road / Old Colchester Road (SR 611)
Accotink SR 286 north (Fairfax County Parkway) to I‑95
Woodlawn SR 235 north (Mount Vernon Memorial Highway) / SR 619 (Old Mill Road) – George Washington's Distillery & Gristmill
Mount Vernon SR 235 south (Mount Vernon Highway) / SR 836 (Buckman Road) – Mount Vernon
Penn Daw SR 241 north (North Kings Highway)
City of Alexandria I‑95 / I‑495 to I-295 – Baltimore, Richmond I-95 exit 177
SR 236 (Duke Street) no left turn southbound
SR 7 (King Street)
Arlington Crystal City SR 120 north (South Glebe Road) to I‑395
SR 233 east – Reagan National Airport interchange
15th Street South - Pentagon City interchange
Arlington I‑395 south – Richmond south end of I-395 overlap; southbound exit and northbound entrance; US 1 south follows exit 8C
SR 110 north to I‑66 west – Rosslyn interchange; I-395 exit 8B
Clark Street I-395 exit 9; northbound exit is part of exit 10A
Boundary Channel Drive - Pentagon North Parking I-395 exit 10A
G.W. Parkway – Memorial Bridge, National Airport, Mount Vernon I-395 exits 10B-C
I‑395 north / US 1 north – Washington District of Columbia line (14th Street Bridge over Potomac River)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Spurs of US 1 in Virginia
Spurs of State Route 31 between 1923 and 1928[17]


Route map: Bing

  1. ^ American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, United States Numbered Highways, 1989 Edition
  2. ^ Rose, C.B., Jr. (1976). Arlington County, Virginia: A History. Arlington Historical Society, Inc. p. 75. 
  3. ^ a b c Virginia Highways Project: VA 31[unreliable source?]
  4. ^ a b Virginia Highways Project: VA 122[unreliable source?]
  5. ^ Virginia Route Index, revised July 1, 2003 (PDF)
  6. ^ Virginia Highways Project: VA 314[unreliable source?]
  7. ^ Report of Joint Board on Interstate Highways, October 30, 1925
  8. ^ United States System of Highways, November 11, 1926
  9. ^ United States Numbered Highways, American Highways, April 1927
  10. ^ [1][dead link]
  11. ^ "Interstate 595". Kurumi.com. Retrieved 2012-08-15. [unreliable source?]
  12. ^ An Act to add certain interstate roads and projects to the State highway system, Act No. 163 of 1922
  13. ^ a b c d e f Virginia State Highway Commission, Numbers and Descriptions of Routes in State Highway System, October 1, 1926
  14. ^ a b An Act to amend and re-enact sections 1 and 2 of an act entitled an act to amend and re-enact an act entitled an act to establish the State highway system, approved January 31, 1918, and to establish a perpetual memorial to Robert Edward Lee, approved March 20, 1922, Act No. 261 of 1924: "and from a point near the Nottoway river in the general direction of the old plank road to South Hill"
  15. ^ a b c d An Act to establish "The State Highway System", Act No. 10 of 1918
  16. ^ An Act to amend and re-enact section 1 of an act entitled an act to amend and re-enact an act entitled an act to establish the State highway system, approved January 31, 1918, and to establish a perpetual memorial to Robert Edward Lee, approved March 20, 1922, as amended by an act approved March 14, 1924, Act No. 563 of 1926
  17. ^ Virginia Highways Project: VA 301 to 320[unreliable source?]
U.S. Route 1
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North Carolina
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