Ivan Rogers

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Sir Ivan Rogers

British Permanent Representative to the EU
In office
4 November 2013 – 3 January 2017
Prime MinisterCameron, May
MinisterHague, Hammond, Johnson
Preceded bySir Jon Cunliffe
Succeeded bySir Tim Barrow
Prime Minister's Adviser
for Europe and Global Issues
In office
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded bySir Jon Cunliffe
Succeeded byTom Scholar
Principal Private Secretary
to the Prime Minister
In office
Prime MinisterTony Blair
Preceded bySir Jeremy Heywood
Succeeded byOliver Robbins
Personal details
Mark Ivan Rogers

March 1960 (age 60)
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford

Sir Mark Ivan Rogers KCMG (born March 1960) is a former senior British civil servant, who was the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the European Union from 4 November 2013 until his resignation on 3 January 2017.[1]


Rogers was educated at Bournemouth School in his hometown, the south-coast town of Bournemouth in Dorset,[2] at which his father taught history.[2] After a gap year in Bremen, in north-western Germany, he studied History for three years at Balliol College at the University of Oxford, followed by the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. This was followed by another three years at Balliol, at which he pursued doctoral studies in the history of socio-biology and eugenic thinking on the political left, though he did not finish his degree.[2]


Rogers successfully applied for a place on the civil service's 'fast track', and chose the Department of Health and Social Security. In 1992, he was seconded to the Treasury and did not return to his former department.[2] He served in the Treasury, including as Private Secretary, to Kenneth Clarke, Chancellor of the Exchequer. He then was seconded to the European Commission as Chief of Staff to Sir Leon Brittan, returning to be Director, European Strategy and Policy and later Director of Budget and Public Finances under Gordon Brown.[3]

In 2003, Rogers was chosen to succeed Jeremy (later Sir Jeremy) Heywood as the Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, Tony Blair. After three years in this role, Rogers left the civil service in 2006 to become Head of the UK Public Sector Group at Citigroup. In 2010 Rogers transferred to be Head of the Public Sector Industry Group, UK and Ireland, at Barclays Capital from 2010 to 2011.[3]

In 2012, Rogers returned to the civil service as the Prime Minister's Adviser for Europe and Global Issues and the Head of the European and Global Issues Secretariat, based in the Prime Minister's Office at Number 10, replacing Jon Cunliffe who had become the senior British diplomat at the EU. On Cunliffe's move to the Bank of England the next year, Rogers succeeded him again, moving to Brussels in 2013.[4][5][6]

As of 2015, Rogers was paid a salary of between £170,000 and £174,999 by the Foreign Office, making him one of the 328 most highly paid people in the British public sector at that time.[7]

Following the Brexit referendum in June 2016, Rogers became a key civil servant in the negotiations to leave.

Personal views of the EU and resignation[edit]

In December 2016, an internal memo Rogers had written suggesting difficulties for agreement was leaked.[8] According to this leaked memo, Sir Ivan privately held the view that a settlement between the UK and the European Union might not be reached for 10 years, if at all, which did not reflect the Government's view. Questions were raised in the press whether Downing Street could any longer have confidence in his advice.[9] He resigned on 3 January 2017,[1] nine months ahead of the nominal end of his posting in October 2017.

On 11 October 2018, in Cambridge,[10] Rogers delivered a lecture on "Brexit as Revolution", in which he said that he continued to think that the risks of an accidental "no deal" Brexit caused by persistent British misreading of others' incentives and views, and by the EU's frequent inability to comprehend UK politics, were higher than was in the price.[11]

In a lecture that Rogers delivered on 13 December 2018 at the University of Liverpool he said that the EU was always adroit at reframing things that have already been agreed, such as the "backstop", in ways that "make the medicine slip down".[12]

Rogers was very critical of the strategy pursued by the British team in their negotiations with the EU following the triggering of Article 50. On 4 March 2019, while speaking to the Institute for Government, he pointed out the similarities in the tactics adopted by Theresa May's government and the tactics used by David Cameron's government in their renegotiations with the EU prior to the 2016 referendum. He said that May and her advisers' approach was to attempt to deal directly with the leaders of the major governments within the EU but the "reflex in the British system (is) always to think that we can deal direct with the organ grinders and not the monkeys: it never works like that. It didn't work like that in the Cameron renegotiation either. That stuff is not done in the way British politics works, leader to leader. It's done via the bureaucrats, and the sherpas, and the people at the top of the institutions."[13]


  • 9 Lessons in Brexit. Short Books Ltd, 7. February 2019, ISBN 978-1780723990


Rogers was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in the 2016 New Year Honours.[14]

Offices held[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Jeremy Heywood
Principal Private Secretary
to the Prime Minister

Succeeded by
Oliver Robbins
Preceded by
Sir Jon Cunliffe
Prime Minister's Adviser,
European and Global Issues

Succeeded by
Tom Scholar
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Jon Cunliffe
British Permanent Representative
to the European Union

Succeeded by
Sir Tim Barrow

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Barker, Alex (3 January 2017). "Britain's EU ambassador resigns weeks before Brexit talks". Financial Times. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Tim Jones (12 November 2013). "Ivan Rogers – Cameron's sherpa – Profile of UK's permanent representative". European Voice, Politico.EU. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Sir Ivan Rogers KCMG – GOV.UK". gov.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Change of UK Permanent Representative to European Union – Press releases – GOV.UK". gov.uk. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Ivan Rogers – Cameron's sherpa". POLITICO. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  6. ^ "David Cameron chooses 'Europhile' Ivan Rogers to represent UK in". The Independent. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Senior officials 'high earners' salaries as at 30 September 2015 – GOV.UK". gov.uk. 17 December 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  8. ^ "Post-Brexit trade deal could take up to 10 years and still fail, warns UK's EU ambassador". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Sir Ivan Rogers led David Cameron to European doom. Why would Theresa May listen to him on Brexit?". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  10. ^ Trinity College, Cambridge. October 2018.[1] Rogers]
  11. ^ Ivan Rogers – Cambridge 2018
  12. ^ Sir Ivan Rogers on Brexit, University of Liverpool
  13. ^ "May 'did not understand EU when she triggered Brexit'". The Guardian. 5 March 2019.
  14. ^ "No. 61450". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 2015. p. N4.

External links[edit]