Sir Keir Starmer
Starmer in 2017
|Leader of the Opposition|
|Assumed office |
4 April 2020
|Prime Minister||Boris Johnson|
|Preceded by||Jeremy Corbyn|
|Leader of the Labour Party|
|Assumed office |
4 April 2020
|Preceded by||Jeremy Corbyn|
|Shadow Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union|
6 October 2016 – 4 April 2020
|Preceded by||Emily Thornberry|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|Shadow Minister of State for Immigration|
14 September 2015 – 27 June 2016
|Preceded by||David Hanson|
|Succeeded by||Afzal Khan|
|Member of Parliament|
for Holborn and St Pancras
|Assumed office |
7 May 2015
|Preceded by||Frank Dobson|
|Director of Public Prosecutions|
1 November 2008 – 1 November 2013
|Appointed by||The Baroness Scotland of Asthal|
|Preceded by||Ken Macdonald|
|Succeeded by||Alison Saunders|
Keir Rodney Starmer
2 September 1962
Southwark, London, England
Victoria Alexander (m. 2007)
|Education||Reigate Grammar School|
Guildhall School of Music and Drama
Sir Keir Rodney Starmer Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition since 2020. He has been Member of Parliament for Holborn and St Pancras since 2015. Ideologically, he identifies as a socialist and has been described as being on the soft left within the Labour Party.(born 2 September 1962) is a British politician who has served as
After qualifying for the bar, he acted exclusively as a defence lawyer specialising in human rights issues, before being appointed as a Queen's Counsel (QC) in 2002. In 2008, he became Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) and Head of the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), holding these roles until 2013. For his role as Director of Public Prosecutions, Starmer was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in the 2014 New Year Honours.
Elected to the House of Commons in the 2015 general election, Starmer was appointed to the Shadow Cabinet in October 2016 as Shadow Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, after the vote to leave the European Union. Starmer was a vocal advocate for a second referendum, saying he would have voted to remain. After Labour's defeat in the 2019 general election, Starmer was elected to succeed Jeremy Corbyn as Leader of the Labour Party in April 2020.
Early life and education
Keir Rodney Starmer was born in Southwark, London, on 2 September 1962 and grew up in the small town of Oxted in Surrey. He was born second of the four children of Josephine (née Baker), a nurse, and Rodney Starmer, a toolmaker. His mother had Still's disease. His parents were Labour Party supporters, and named him after the party's first parliamentary leader, Keir Hardie. He passed the 11-plus examination and gained entry to Reigate Grammar School, then a voluntary aided state school, although it converted to an independent fee-paying grammar school in 1976 while he was there. Among his classmates were Norman Cook (aka Fatboy Slim), alongside whom Starmer took violin lessons, Andrew Cooper, who went on to become a Conservative peer, and Andrew Sullivan, who subsequently became well known as a conservative journalist in the United States: according to Starmer, he and Sullivan "fought over everything... Politics, religion. You name it". In his teenage years Starmer was active in Labour politics, and was a member of the East Surrey Young Socialists. He was a junior exhibitioner at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama until the age of 18, and played the flute, piano, recorder and violin.
He studied law at the University of Leeds, graduating with a first class Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree in 1985, becoming the first member of his family to graduate. He undertook postgraduate studies at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, graduating from the University of Oxford as a Bachelor of Civil Law (BCL) in 1986. In 1986-87, Starmer edited the radical magazine, Socialist Alternatives.
Starmer became a barrister in 1987, at the Middle Temple, later becoming a bencher there in 2009. He served as a legal officer for the campaign group Liberty until 1990. He was a member of Doughty Street Chambers from 1990 onwards, primarily working on human rights issues. He has been called to the bar in several Caribbean countries, where he has defended convicts sentenced to the death penalty. He notably worked for Helen Steel and David Morris in the McLibel case, which went to court in 1997. In an interview, he described the case as "very much a David and Goliath", and said that "there's an extremely good legal team acting for McDonald's at great expense and Dave and Helen have had to act for themselves with me as a sort of free back up whenever possible." He was interviewed for McLibel, the documentary about the case directed by Franny Armstrong and Ken Loach.
He was appointed Queen's Counsel on 9 April 2002, aged 39. In the same year, he became joint head of Doughty Street Chambers. Starmer served as a human rights adviser to the Northern Ireland Policing Board and the Association of Chief Police Officers, and was also a member of the Foreign Office's death penalty advisory panel from 2002 to 2008. He later cited his work on policing in Northern Ireland as being a key influence on his decision to pursue a political career: "Some of the things I thought that needed to change in police services we achieved more quickly than we achieved in strategic litigation... I came better to understand how you can change by being inside and getting the trust of people". During this time he also marched and authored legal opinions against the Iraq War. In 2007, he was named "QC of the Year" by Chambers and Partners.
Director of Public Prosecutions
In July 2008, Attorney General Baroness Scotland of Asthal named Starmer as the new Head of the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) and Director of Public Prosecutions; he took over from Ken Macdonald on 1 November 2008. Macdonald, himself a former defence lawyer, publicly welcomed the appointment. Starmer was considered to be bringing a focus on human rights into the legal system.
In 2009, when the Conservative Party proposed repealing the Human Rights Act, Starmer defended it as a "clear and basic statement of our citizen's human rights". Liberty and the Liberal Democrats supported Starmer, while the Conservative MP David T. C. Davies suggested that he should be sacked. In the same year, he called for the CPS to modernise by being more open to scrutiny and less reliant on paper files. In 2011, he would introduce reforms that included the "first test paperless hearing".
In February 2010, Starmer announced the CPS's decision to prosecute three Labour MPs and a Conservative peer for offences relating to false accounting in the aftermath of the United Kingdom parliamentary expenses scandal. They were all found guilty. In the same year, he also supported proposals to legally recognise different degrees of murder. In 2010, and 2012, Starmer said that there was insufficient evidence to prosecute two members of the UK security services for their alleged role in torture overseas, but supported further investigation. In July 2010, Starmer announced the decision not to prosecute the police officer Simon Harwood in relation to the death of Ian Tomlinson; this led to accusations by Tomlinson's family of a police cover-up. After a subsequent inquest found that Tomlinson had been unlawfully killed, Starmer announced that Harwood would be prosecuted for manslaughter. The officer was acquitted in July 2012 by a jury, but dismissed from the police that September. In December 2010, Starmer changed the decision process to require his personal approval to prosecute women who withdraw accusations of rape. He later produced guidelines to prevent the same women from being unfairly prosecuted.
During the 2011 riots, Starmer prioritised rapid prosecutions of rioters over long sentences, which he later thought had helped to bring “the situation back under control.” Later that year, after revelations concerning the undercover police infiltration of environmental campaigns, Starmer ordered a review of related convictions and invited protestors convicted of aggravated trespass to appeal their sentences. Starmer declined to authorise a wider enquiry, after a report from the judge Christopher Rose found the issue to be a result of individual fault rather than a systemic problem.
In February 2012, Starmer announced that Energy Secretary Chris Huhne and his former wife, Vicky Pryce, would be prosecuted for perverting the course of justice. Huhne became the first Cabinet Minister in British history to be compelled to resign as a result of criminal proceedings. Starmer had previously said in relation to the case that "[w]here there is sufficient evidence we do not shy away from prosecuting politicians". Later that year, he wrote advice for prosecutors, saying that they should consider whether violent protestors organised or prepared for violence, compared to protestors who got "caught up in illegal actions". In the summer of 2012, journalist Nick Cohen published allegations that Starmer was personally responsible for allowing to proceed the prosecution of Paul Chambers in what became known as the "Twitter Joke Trial". Chambers’ conviction of sending a message "of a menacing character" was quashed after a third appeal. The CPS denied that Starmer was behind the decision, saying that it was the responsibility of a Crown Court and was out of Starmer's hands. Later that year, Starmer published a plan for the criminal justice system to better handle cases of female genital mutilation, an offence which at the time had never been successfully prosecuted. At the end of 2012, he published guidance on prosecuting cases of grossly offensive posts on social media that called for caution in prosecuting cases, and considering whether users quickly removed posts or showed remorse.
In 2013, Starmer announced changes to how sexual abuse investigations would be handled in the wake of the Jimmy Savile sexual abuse scandal, including a panel to review historic complaints. In the same year, he published a study showing that false reports of rape were rare, saying that the "devastating impact of false allegations" and the perception that they're more common than the data support mean that police forces might adopt a "cautious" approach that can "lead to injustice for victims". He also started an inquiry into the cause of a reduction in police reports of rape and domestic abuse. In the same year, he altered guidelines for those improperly claiming benefits enabling them to face ten years in prison under the Fraud Act.
Starmer left office in November 2013, and was replaced by Alison Saunders. Later that month, the Labour Party announced that Starmer would lead an enquiry into changing the law to give further protection to victims in cases of rape and child abuse. On 28 December, he said to BBC News he was "rather enjoying having some free time" and "considering a number of options". There was speculation at the time that he would stand as a Labour Party candidate for Parliament.
Early political career
Member of Parliament
Starmer was selected in December 2014 to be the Labour Party's prospective parliamentary candidate for the safe Labour constituency of Holborn and St Pancras, following the decision of the sitting MP Frank Dobson to retire. Starmer was elected at the 2015 general election with a majority of 17,048. He was urged by a number of activists to stand to be leader of the Labour Party in the 2015 leadership election following the resignation of Ed Miliband, but he ruled this out, citing his relative lack of political experience. During the campaign, Starmer supported Andy Burnham, who finished second to Jeremy Corbyn.
Corbyn appointed Starmer to the shadow Home Office ministerial team as Shadow Minister of State for Immigration, a role from which he resigned in 2016 in protest at Corbyn's leadership, along with numerous other Labour MPs, arguing that it was "simply untenable now to suggest we can offer an effective opposition without a change of leader".
Shadow Brexit Secretary
Following Corbyn's re-election as leader in September 2016, Starmer accepted an appointment as shadow Brexit secretary, replacing Emily Thornberry in this role. On taking up the role, Starmer resigned from a consultancy position with the law firm specialising in human rights, Mishcon de Reya LLP, that had acted for Gina Miller in bringing legal proceedings against the Government.
In his role as shadow Brexit secretary, Starmer questioned the Government's "destination" for the UK outside of the European Union, as well as calling for Brexit plans to be made public. On 6 December 2016, Prime Minister Theresa May confirmed the publication of such plans, in what some considered a victory for Starmer. He has argued that the Government would be subject to a race against time to pass a large number of new laws, or risk an "unsustainable legal vacuum", if Britain left the EU without a deal. On 25 September 2018, Starmer declared to the Labour Party Conference in Liverpool that "campaigning [by the party] for a public vote must be an option".
Starmer has called for a reform to the EU free movement rules following Brexit and for a "fundamental rethink of immigration rules from start to finish". In his first interview after being appointed to the Shadow Cabinet, Starmer argued that immigration was too high and called for it to be reduced as Britain leaves the EU, despite Corbyn ruling out any cap. Starmer told Politico in November 2016 that negotiations with the EU should start on the understanding that there must be "some change" to freedom of movement rules, given that remaining in the EU single market is no longer a reality.
In May 2017, Starmer said that "free movement has to go", but that it was important to retain "free movement of labour", given the importance of immigration for the UK's economy. Starmer was a supporter of a second referendum on Brexit, with this position becoming Labour Party policy in their 2019 general election manifesto.
Leadership of the Labour Party
Following Labour's heavy defeat in the 2019 general election, Jeremy Corbyn announced that he would stand down as Leader of the Labour Party. Starmer announced his candidacy in the ensuing leadership election on 4 January 2020, winning multiple endorsements from MPs as well as from the trade union Unison. He went on to win the leadership contest on 4 April 2020, beating rivals Rebecca Long-Bailey and Lisa Nandy, with 56.2% of the vote in the first round, and therefore also became Leader of the Opposition. In his acceptance speech, he said would refrain from "scoring party political points" and that he planned to "engage constructively with the government", having become Opposition Leader amid the COVID-19 pandemic. He appointed his Shadow Cabinet the following day, which included former leader Ed Miliband, as well as both of the candidates he defeated in the leadership contest. He also appointed Anneliese Dodds as Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer, making her the first woman to serve in that position in either a ministerial or shadow ministerial position.
During the April pandemic lockdown, Starmer warned that the government was "in danger of being slow on their exit strategy" and called for "a roadmap to lift restrictions in certain sectors of the economy". But, despite various criticisms, he said that "the government is trying to do the right thing. And in that, we will support them."
On 25 June 2020, Starmer sacked his former leadership rival, Rebecca Long-Bailey, from her post as Shadow Secretary of State for Education after she retweeted an interview by the actress Maxine Peake in The Independent in which Peake said that the practice of kneeling on someone's neck by US police, as used in the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, was "learnt from seminars with Israeli secret services". The original article stated that "the Israeli police has denied this." Starmer said that because the article "contained anti-Semitic conspiracy theories" it should not have been shared by Long-Bailey. The decision to sack Long-Bailey was criticised by the Socialist Campaign Group, whose members had a meeting with Starmer about the decision. The decision was welcomed by Jewish groups including the Board of Deputies and the Jewish Labour Movement. Starmer said that "restoring trust with the Jewish community is a number one priority. Antisemitism takes many different forms and it is important that we all are vigilant against it." On 27 June, he replaced her with Kate Green.
Starmer has stated that his advocacy of socialism is motivated by "a burning desire to tackle inequality and injustice". He has been described as being on the "soft left". Gavin Millar, a former legal colleague of Starmer's, has described his politics as "red-green", a characterisation Starmer has agreed with.
He supports social ownership and investment in the UK's public services, including the NHS, as well as the abolition of university tuition fees. He has called for an increase in income tax for the top 5% of earners and an end to tax avoidance by corporations. He advocates the reversal of the Conservative Party's cuts in corporation tax and supported Labour's anti-austerity proposals under Jeremy Corbyn's leadership. On social inequality, Starmer proposes "national wellbeing indicators" to measure the country's performance on health, inequality, homelessness, and the environment. He has called for an "overhaul" of the UK's Universal Credit scheme.
Starmer has advocated an end to "illegal wars" and a review of the United Kingdom's arms sales. During his leadership campaign, he pledged to create a "Prevention of Military Intervention Act", which would only permit lawful military action with the support of the House of Commons. Starmer stated in 2015 that he believed that the Iraq War was "not lawful under international law because there was no UN resolution expressly authorising it."
Starmer married Victoria Alexander, then a solicitor and later an occupational therapist, in 2007. The couple's son and daughter are being brought up in the Jewish faith of their mother and the family attend shabbat dinners. Starmer is a keen footballer, having played for Homerton Academicals, a north London amateur team, and supports Premier League side Arsenal.
His parents were very fond of donkeys, running a small sanctuary for threatened animals in a seven-acre field, which he bought for them in 1996, behind their home near Oxted. He is a vegetarian, believing that "it's better for yourself and for the environment".
Awards and honours
- Appointed Queen's Counsel (QC) in 2002.
- Bar Council's Sydney Elland Goldsmith Award in 2005, for his outstanding contribution to pro bono work in challenging the death penalty.
- Appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in the 2014 New Year Honours for "services to law and criminal justice". The knighthood entitles him to be styled as "Sir Keir Starmer"; however, he prefers that people do not use the title "Sir".
- Sworn into the Privy Council of the United Kingdom on 19 July 2017.
- Elected Honorary Fellow of St Edmund Hall, Oxford, in 2019.
|21 July 2011||University of Essex||Doctor of University (D.U.)|
|16 July 2012||University of Leeds||Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)|
|19 November 2013||University of East London||Doctor of University (D.U.)|
|19 December 2013||London School of Economics||Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)|
|14 July 2014||University of Reading||Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)|
|18 November 2014||University of Worcester||Doctor of University (D.U.)|
Starmer is the author and editor of several books about criminal law and human rights:
- Justice in error, ed. by Clive Walker and Keir Starmer (London: Blackstone, 1993), ISBN 1-85431-234-0
- Francesca Klug, Keir Starmer and Stuart Weir, The three pillars of liberty: political rights and freedoms in the United Kingdom (London: Routledge, 1996), ISBN 0-415-09641-3
- Conor Foley and Keir Starmer, Signing up for human rights: the United Kingdom and international standards (London: Amnesty International United Kingdom, 1998), ISBN 1-873328-30-3
- Miscarriages of justice: a review of justice in error, ed. by Clive Walker and Keir Starmer (London: Blackstone, 1999), ISBN 1-85431-687-7
- Keir Starmer, European human rights law: the Human Rights Act 1998 and the European Convention on Human Rights (London: Legal Action Group, 1999), ISBN 0-905099-77-X
- Keir Starmer, Michelle Strange, and Quincy Whitaker, with Anthony Jennings and Tim Owen, Criminal justice, police powers and human rights (London: Blackstone, 2001), ISBN 1-84174-138-8
- Keir Starmer with Iain Byrne, Blackstone's human rights digest (London: Blackstone, 2001), ISBN 1-84174-153-1
- Keir Starmer and Jane Gordon, A report on the policing of the Ardoyne parades 12 July 2004 (Belfast: Northern Ireland Policing Board, 2004)
- "Starmer, Rt Hon. Sir Keir, (born 2 Sept. 1962), PC 2017; QC 2002; MP (Lab) Holborn and St Pancras, since 2015 | WHO'S WHO & WHO WAS WHO". www.ukwhoswho.com. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U43670. Retrieved 4 January 2020.[better source needed]
- Belize (1997). "Belize government gazette".
- Stephen Moss (9 April 2016). "Labour's Keir Starmer: 'If we don't capture the ambitions of a generation, it doesn't matter who is leading the party'". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- "Sir Keir Starmer: 'My mum's health battles have inspired me'". Ham & High. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- "Keir Starmer: The sensible radical". New Statesman. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- "Who is Keir Starmer?". BuzzFeed. 12 February 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
- Stewart, Heather (27 March 2020). "Keir Starmer had no enemies. Can he keep it that way?". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "Starmer, Rt Hon. Sir Keir, (born 2 Sept. 1962), PC 2017; QC 2002; MP (Lab) Holborn and St Pancras, since 2015". Who's Who. 2007. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.43670.
- Moss, Stephen (21 September 2009). "Keir Starmer: 'I wouldn't characterise myself as a bleeding heart liberal . . .'". The Guardian. London.
- "Schools (status) 1980". Hansard. Uk Parliament Publications. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- "Hello: MP Keir Starmer – On The Hill". Retrieved 11 May 2020.
- Bates, Stephen (1 August 2008). "The Guardian profile: Keir Starmer". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- "Labour leadership winner: Sir Keir Starmer". BBC News. 4 April 2020.
- "People of Today". Debretts.com. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "Keir Starmer: Radical who attacked Kinnock in Marxist journal," The Times, 18/1/20. An archive of Socialist Alternatives is here.
- "The Guardian profile: Keir Starmer QC". the Guardian. 31 July 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- "Middle Temple". www.middletemple.org.uk. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- "Keir Starmer interview". McSpotlight. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "No. 56538". The London Gazette. 16 April 2002. p. 4622.
- Stephen Bates: "Profile: Keir Starmer QC" (1 August 2008), The Guardian
- Bates, Stephen (31 July 2008). "Profile: Keir Starmer QC". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- Travis, Alan (22 October 2009). "Keir Starmer defends Human Rights Act against critics". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Sparrow, Andrew; Travis, Alan; agencies (22 October 2009). "Tories attack Keir Starmer over human rights comments". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- "Outdated Crown Prosecution Service should be modernised, says DPP". the Guardian. 30 November 2009. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Bowcott, Owen; correspondent, legal affairs (2 December 2011). "Lawyers with laptops log on in cost-saving measure". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Sparrow, Andrew (5 February 2010). "Three Labour MPs and one Tory peer face expenses abuse charges". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Evans, Martin (20 September 2011). "Expenses MPs and their sentences: how long each served". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Hirsch, Afua; Siddique, Haroon (8 September 2010). "Keir Starmer backs US-style murder charges for England and Wales". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- “'Insufficient evidence' against MI5 officer over torture claims,” Independent, 17/11/10; “MI5 officer will not be prosecuted over Binyam Mohamed abuse,” Guardian, 17/11/10; 'MI5 and MI6 cleared over torture allegations but CPS launches new illegal rendition inquiry,” Telegraph, 12/1/12.
- Dodd, Vikram; Lewis, Paul (22 July 2010). "Ian Tomlinson death: police officer will not face criminal charges". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- "DPP's statement on the decision to prosecute Simon Harwood". The Guardian. London. 24 May 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
- "Simon Harwood cleared of manslaughter". The Guardian. London. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
- Walker, Peter (17 September 2012). "Ian Tomlinson case: PC Simon Harwood sacked for gross misconduct". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
- Hirsch, Afua (16 December 2010). "Keir Starmer orders change in dealing with rape claim retraction cases". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- "Rape guidelines may prevent unfair prosecutions of those who retract claim". the Guardian. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- “Rapid riot prosecutions more important than long sentences, says Keir Starmer,” Guardian, 3/7/20; “England riots: all-night courts praised, but were they a publicity stunt?”, Guardian, 22/12/11.
- "DPP asks power station protesters to appeal against trespass convictions". the Guardian. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- "Prosecutor facing action over undercover policeman," Channel 4 News, 6/12/11; “Top prosecutor rejects calls for deeper inquiry into police spies,” Guardian, 7/12/11.
- Settle, Michael (4 February 2012). "Huhne forced to resign as points court battle looms". The Herald. Glasgow.
- Keir Starmer QC, "Letter to the Daily Mail from CPS about the Chris Huhne case", The blog of the Crown Prosecution Service, (23 November 2011)
- Bowcott, Owen; correspondent, legal affairs (6 March 2012). "Pursue masked protesters more vigorously, CPS says". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Cohen, Nick (29 July 2012). "'Twitter joke' case only went ahead at insistence of DPP". The Observer. London. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Boseley, Sarah; editor, health (23 November 2012). "CPS to crack down on female genital mutilation". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Booth, Robert (19 December 2012). "Remorseful Twitter and Facebook jokers less likely to face prosecution". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Association, Press (3 February 2013). "Deleting abusive tweets swiftly may help avoid prosecution, says DPP". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Meikle, James (6 March 2013). "Prosecutor demands overhaul of sexual abuse investigations". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Laville, Sandra; correspondent, crime (6 March 2013). "Specialist Met unit in London to tackle gang-led child sex abuse". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- "Rape investigations 'undermined by belief that false accusations are rife'". the Guardian. 13 March 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Martinson, Jane (10 July 2013). "Keir Starmer to launch inquiry into fall in reports of rape and domestic violence". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- ”Benefit cheats face increased jail terms of up to 10 years,” Guardian, 16/12/13.
- Branagh, Ellen (23 July 2013). "Stephen Lawrence barrister Alison Saunders to take over from Keir Starmer as new Director of Public Prosecutions". The Independent. London. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- "Saunders to replace Starmer at DPP". Liverpool Daily Post. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- "Keir Starmer heads Labour's victim treatment review". BBC News. 28 December 2013.
- "Keir Starmer: Victims' law a real gear change to justice system". Politics Home. 1 January 2014. Archived from the original on 14 December 2014.
- correspondent, Nicholas Watt chief political (28 December 2013). "Keir Starmer takes Labour adviser role and hints at career as MP". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- "Keir Starmer to stand for Labour in Holborn and St Pancras". The Guardian. 13 December 2014.
- "Holborn & St. Pancras Parliamentary Constituency". BBC News. 8 May 2015.
- Matthew Weaver (15 May 2015). "Labour activists urge Keir Starmer to stand for party leadership". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- Caroline Davies (17 May 2015). "Keir Starmer rules himself out of Labour leadership contest". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- Wilkinson, Michael (13 September 2015). "Splits emerge as Jeremy Corbyn finalises Labour's shadow cabinet". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- UK Parliament. "Rt Hon Keir Starmer MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- "Keir Starmer resigns as shadow home office minister". ITV News. 27 June 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- "MPS vote no confidence in Jeremy Corbyn after shadow cabinet revolt: As it happened".
- "Jeremy Corbyn has appointed Sir Keir Starmer as Shadow Brexit Secretary and the Tories should be worried". politicalbetting.com. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
- Walker, Peter (24 July 2017). "Keir Starmer in talks for role with law firm that represented Gina Miller". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- "Labour says MPs are entitled to Brexit plan details". BBC News. 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
- Stewart, Heather (26 August 2018). "No-deal Brexit thrusts UK into 'legal vacuum', warns Keir Starmer". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- Keir Starmer, Shadow Brexit Secretary (speaker) (25 September 2018). 'Nobody is ruling out remain as an option': Keir Starmer at Labour's Brexit debate (Television). Guardian News via YouTube. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- "Labour's Sir Keir Starmer says EU free movement rules 'have got to be changed'". The Independent. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
- Syal, Rajeev (9 October 2016). "Keir Starmer calls for immigration to be reduced". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
- "Keir Starmer: Britain's last Remaining hope". POLITICO. 4 November 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
- Swinford, Steven (25 April 2017). "Labour's flagship vow to end free movement unravels as party says EU migrants with jobs can come to UK". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
- "Keir Starmer battles to keep Labour support for people's vote alive". The Guardian. 7 February 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
- "Brexit; Labour manifesto to offer vote on Leave and Remain". BBC News. 10 September 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
- "Keir Starmer enters Labour leadership contest". 4 January 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- "Leaderhip Elections 2020 Results". The Labour Party. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- "Keir Starmer Elected as new Labour leader". 4 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- Duffy, Nick (4 April 2020). "Sir Keir Starmer statement in full: New Labour leader vows to 'engage constructively' with government on coronavirus". inews. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
- "Ed Miliband returns to Labour top team". BBC News. 6 April 2020.
- "Keir Starmer to urge government to outline lockdown exit plan". Financial Times. 29 April 2020.
- "'My colleagues need PPE delivered to the front line,' warns NHS medical director". The Telegraph. 18 April 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Keir Starmer welcomes lockdown easing". BBC News. 23 June 2020.
- Text of the original Independent interview is available here via Pressreader.com.
- "Long-Bailey sacked for sharing 'anti-Semitic article'". 25 June 2020 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer sacks Rebecca Long-Bailey over 'antisemitic conspiracy theory' article". Sky News. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- Heather Stewart (26 June 2020). "Starmer faces backlash from leftwing MPs over Long-Bailey sacking". The Guardian.
- Walker, Peter (25 June 2020). "Keir Starmer sacks Rebecca Long-Bailey from shadow cabinet". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- Pollard, Alexandra (25 June 2020). "Maxine Peake: 'People who couldn't vote Labour because of Corbyn? They voted Tory as far as I'm concerned'". The Independent. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- "Kate Green appointed as shadow education secretary". BBC News. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
- Starmer, Keir (15 January 2020). "Labour can win again if we make the moral case for socialism | Keir Starmer". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
- Williams, Zoe (21 January 2020). "Keir Starmer's soft-left approach is the unifying force that Labour needs". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- Lawson, Neal (4 April 2019). "Labour is at war with itself. What's needed? The soft left". LabourList. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- Fielding, Steven (22 January 2020). "Keir Starmer is Labour's 'continuity Miliband' contender". The Spectator. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- "My Pledges to You". Keir Starmer.com. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- "Labour was 'right' to take 'radical' position on austerity, says Keir Starmer". The New European. 30 December 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- "Keir Starmer calls for end to 'scandal' of spiralling student debt". The Guardian. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- "Sir Keir Starmer pledges to prioritise nation's wellbeing on Cambridge visit". Cambridge Independent. 6 February 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- "Keir Starmer demands overhaul of 'deeply flawed' universal credit to protect domestic abuse survivors". The Independent. 6 February 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 November 2018. Retrieved 2 June 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
| Director of Public Prosecutions
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament
for Holborn and St Pancras
| Shadow Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union
| Leader of the Opposition
|Party political offices|
| Leader of the Labour Party