Jackie Milburn

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Jackie Milburn
Personal information
Full name John Edward Thompson Milburn
Date of birth (1924-05-11)11 May 1924
Place of birth Ashington, Northumberland, England
Date of death 9 October 1988(1988-10-09) (aged 64)
Place of death Ashington, Northumberland, England
Height 1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)
Playing position Centre Forward
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1943–1957 Newcastle United 353 (177)
1957–1960 Linfield 54 (68)
1960–1962 Yiewsley
National team
1948–1955 England 13 (10)
Teams managed
1957–1960 Linfield
1960–1962 Yiewsley
1963–1964 Ipswich Town

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.

† Appearances (Goals).

John Edward Thompson 'Jackie' Milburn, (11 May 1924 – 9 October 1988), also known (particularly in North East England) as Wor Jackie[1] (a Geordie dialectal version of 'Our Jackie') and also as the First World Wor (in reference to his global fame),[2] was a football player principally associated with Newcastle United and England, though he also spent four seasons at Linfield F.C.[3][4]

Second cousin to Bobby Charlton and Jack Charlton, Milburn played two trial matches at St James' Park as a 19-year-old in 1943. In the second of these he scored six second half goals.[5] Milburn made his competitive debut in the FA Cup in the 1945/6 season and was initially deployed on the left wing as a supplier to Charlie Wayman. However, Wayman was dropped before a 4-0 defeat to eventual winners Charlton Athletic F.C. in a 1947 FA Cup semi-final and when he afterwards vowed not to play for United again, manager George Martin made the decision to switch Milburn to centre forward. In his next match, on 18 October 1947, Milburn wore the number nine shirt for the first time and scored a hat-trick.[6]

Milburn's subsequent achievements, particularly his two goals which won the 1951 FA Cup Final and his 45-second opener in the 1955 FA Cup Final which was the fastest ever Wembley FA Cup Final goal until it was beaten by Roberto Di Matteo in 1997,[7] brought him national recognition[8] and afforded him iconic status on Tyneside.[1][9][10][11] In total Milburn played in three FA Cup winning finals for United; 1951, 1952 and 1955. Despite his achievements, Milburn was reportedly an extremely shy and self-deprecating individual whose modesty further endeared him to Newcastle United supporters,[8][12][13] though according to Tom Finney this stemmed from an 'innate inferiority complex'.[14]

By the time Milburn left Newcastle in 1957, he had become the highest goalscorer in Newcastle United's history.[15] He remained so until he was surpassed by Alan Shearer in February 2006.[16] Milburn remains Newcastle's second highest goalscorer having scored 200 competitive goals. Despite this, Milburn's transfer to Linfield F.C. in 1957 was almost jeopardised when the Newcastle board demanded a substantial signing fee and, much to the anger of fans, Milburn was not immediately granted a testimonial.[17] His signing for Linfield 'added thousands to the gate' and he scored 154 goals in four seasons in all competitions for the club.[4]

After retiring, Milburn became a football journalist for the News of the World. He was finally granted a testimonial in 1967 which was attended by over 45,000 supporters at St James' Park and in 1981 he was the subject of an episode of television show This is your life. Milburn was the first footballer to be made a Freeman of the City of Newcastle upon Tyne – an honour later also bestowed on former opponent Bobby Robson and the man who surpassed his Newcastle United goalscoring records, Shearer. Milburn died of lung cancer in October 1988, aged 64. His funeral took place on 13 October 1998 and was attended by over 1,000 mourners at St Nicholas's Cathedral in Newcastle. Tens of thousands of people lined the streets to watch the cortege pass.[1] A statue of Milburn, costing £35,000 and paid for by donations received from Newcastle United supporters was erected on Newcastle's Northumberland Street before it was relocated in 1999 to St James' Boulevard and then moved again to its present position on Strawberry Place, just outside of St. James' Park. Milburn was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame in October 2006. In 2008 Excelsior Academy School in Newcastle's West End was assigned the official name 'Milburn School of Sport and Health-related Studies. In 2009, Goal.com listed Milburn as 43rd in their list of the 'Top English Players of all-time'.

Early life[edit]

Milburn was born on 11 May 1924 in the upstairs flat of his grandparents' house at 14 Sixth Row in Ashington to Annie ('Nance') Thompson and Alexander ('Alec') Milburn.[18] Alexander Milburn was the uncle of four professional footballing brothers John ('Jack') Milburn b. 1908 (Leeds United and Bradford City), George Milburn b. 1910 (Leeds United and Chesterfield), James ('Jimmy') Milburn b. 1919 (Leeds United and Bradford City), and Stanley ('Stan') Milburn b. 1926 (Chesterfield, Leicester City and Rochdale), who were brothers of Jack and Bobby Charlton's mother Elizabeth 'Cissie' Milburn b. 1912.[19]

As a young boy, Milburn used to watch his father go to work as a coal cutter at Ashington Colliery. Milburn's son, Jack Junior, later recalled that his father said that 'I used to shiver as he disappeared into that deep shaft leading to the coalface' and he resolved not to spend his life doing the same.[18] When he was eight years old, Milburn was given his first pair of football boots as a Christmas present from his parents and from that point 'football dominated his life'.[20] The young Milburn idolised Joe Hulme and hoped to emulate his hero by becoming a quick right-winger.[21] Although an initially confident boy, Milburn recalled an incident where, having already won the sprint, sprint relay, long jump and high jump at his school sports day, his father arrived just in time to see him win the 440 yard race.[21] Exhausted, he collapsed to the floor – a gesture his father mistook for showboating and resulted in him receiving 'a real hiding'.[14] Reflecting later, Milburn contended that 'maybe my father's intentions were the best in the world...but that thrashing laid the foundations for an inferiority complex I've fought all my life to overcome'.[22]

Milburn moved to the Hirst East Senior Boys School and at age twelve was selected to play right-wing for the school football team.[23] His father promised to award him a penny for every goal he scored and his first appearance saw him earn two pence for scoring a brace in a 6–4 win against Linton School.[24] His performances that season earned him selection for the East Northumberland Schools side and Milburn's goals helped them to the semi-finals where, despite another Milburn strike, they were defeated 3–2 by Lancashire at Maine Road.[25] Milburn left school at fourteen and, telling his father that he was too claustrophobic to follow him into coal-mining, he found employment stacking shelves and filling sugar bags on eight-shillings a week after an abortive spell as a pantry boy in London.[26] In 1939 he attempted to join the Royal Navy but was rejected for being an inch too short. Milburn joined the Ashington Air Training Corps instead.[27] At sixteen, Milburn accepted an apprenticeship as a fitter at a local colliery.[28] This meant that he escaped service during the war due to the inclusion of 'fitter' to the list of reserved occupations.

Meanwhile, along with his old schoolfriend Ronnie Coulson, Milburn began entering local sprint races to earn extra money,[29] clocking a 9.7 second personal best for the 100 yard dash.[30] In 1940 he entered the Powderhall Sprint and won his first race. Journalist Simon Turnbull claimed in 1999 that Milburn was then instructed to run poorly in the semi-final so to artificially conflate his handicap in the 1941 renewal, where his odds would be higher and he would be better prepared. Milburn duly came last, allegedly with a dozen pennies weighing down his left running shoe, causing him to 'run like a lop-sided whippet with three legs'.[31] Milburn continued to play football for the Air Training Corps and, told one afternoon that a scout from Newcastle United was in attendance, he duly scored five in an 8–3 win. When he was told afterwards that the promised scout had failed to arrive, Milburn described it as 'a bitter pill to swallow'.[32]

Playing career[edit]

Newcastle United[edit]

Trial and signing[edit]

Although a boyhood Sunderland fan,[33] Milburn and his Northumberland ATC teammates were invited to St James' Park by Newcastle United director Wilf Taylor after a match against Yorkshire ATC in 1943. Milburn, along with his friend and teammate Raymond Poxton, attended United's final home game of the season. Milburn was distinctly unimpressed with what he saw, turning to his friend and saying 'Raymond, we could play better than this, surely'?[34] Soon after, he responded to an advertisement for trialists published in the North Mail Newspaper by Newcastle United prior to the 1943–4 season. The first trial was held in midweek and Milburn scored two goals in one half, earning an invitation to return on Saturday for a public trial at St James' Park and an 'amateur contract'. He arrived long before the 2pm kick-off with a pair of borrowed football boots wrapped in brown paper, and his lunch – two pies and a bottle of pop.[35] Milburn's team of fellow trialists ('The Stripes') played against a Newcastle United First XI featuring Albert Stubbins and Jimmy Gordon ('The Blues'). The Stripes trailed 3–0 at half time and Joe Richardson told Milburn: 'you'd better buck your ideas up son, if you want to come here'. Switched to centre forward in the second half, Milburn scored six times as his side won 9–3.[36] The Sunday Sun reported that 'United's second trial proved a triumph for Milburn, the Ashington inside-left, who was signed as an amateur earlier in the week. Milburn, a tall youth, showed a capacity for opportunism. Twice Milburn scored two goals within a minute'.[37]

Newcastle's manager, Stan Seymour, was sufficiently impressed by Milburn's performance that, according to author Mike Kirkup, he 'asked him to sign on the spot'.[38] Milburn, now 19, had been told by his father not to sign anything until he had first shown it to him and so he refused, instead promising to return in due course with a signed profession contract once his father had approved it. Seymour, apparently concerned that news of Miburn's trial performance might alert other clubs, decided not to wait and on the Sunday following the trial he arrived, unannounced, on the Milburn's doorstep in Ashington.[38] Seymour patiently put his case to Jackie's father, explaining that he would be taken on part-time because of his continuing pit work, on thirty shillings a week, plus two shillings and sixpence a game 'for his tea' and the same amount again for his bus fare to and from the ground.[39] At this point, as Milburn Sr. was considering the terms, Seymour reportedly began rubbing two five pound notes together behind his back. The rustling caught Alec Milburn's attention and persuaded him to allow Jackie to sign. Seymour, elated, invited everyone to the West End Club for a celebratory drink, later exclaiming that "I had secured my finest ever signing for ten quid and a couple of rounds of Newcastle Brown Ale".[39] Milburn's official registration as a Newcastle United player came on 23 August 1938.[40]

Debut and wartime football[edit]

When Milburn signed in 1943, Newcastle were participants in the Northern First Championship as The Football League had been suspended due to the outbreak of World War II.[40] Milburn attended his first training session the day after his signing and immediately impressed his new teammates by out-sprinting Albert Stubbins in a 100-yard dash.[39] Milburn was asked to join the playing squad for United's next match against Bradford City at Valley Parade. Seymour invited Milburn's father to accompany him and Jackie recalled later that this was "to give me confidence on such a momentous day".[41] After a sleepless night in the Thistle Hotel opposite Newcastle Central Station, Milburn and his father travelled to Bradford with the rest of the squad by train on 28 August 1943.[42] Milburn was selected to start the match at inside-forward in the number 10 shirt and later recalled that this was 'the most memorable moment of my career, even those Wembley victories can't match it. To pull on the black and white jersey for the first time was something special'.[43] Milburn and United were beaten 2–1, with a nervous Milburn heading wide of an open goal in the early moments.[41] The Bradford goals were both scored by half-back Joe Harvey, whose performance so impressed Seymour that he would sign Harvey for United two years later.[42] Milburn, disappointed to have made little impact, was consoled afterwards by Seymour, who assured him 'you'll be in the side next week'.[43] In keeping with most wartime fixtures, a return fixture was played against Bradford City at St James' Park one week later. On 4 September 1943, Milburn scored his first ever goal for United – a left-footed strike at the Leazes End inside the opening two minutes of a 3–2 win.[43] That goal was Milburn's first touch of the match.[40] Milburn later recalled that 'the Sunday papers said it was an excellent goal but...I saw the ball in a cluster of players and dashed up and belted it'.[41]

As the war continued, Milburn continued to combine his football career with his work at the colliery. As author Roger Hutchinson later explained: 'None of those wartime footballers could be counted as full-time professionals during the war. If they were in one of the reserved occupations...then their occupation came first'.[44] By the turn of 1943 he had almost completed his apprenticeship at the colliery and was transferred to Woodhorn Colliery.[42] Milburn used to combine his work at Woodhorn with training on two or occasionally three evenings a week[44] and there were some instances where Milburn would work a double shift on a Friday so he would be free to play for United on the following Saturday.[43]

As a player, Milburn continued to develop – Newcastle United club historian Paul Joannou described him in 1944 as 'a raw talent who learned the rudiments of professional football rapidly'.[43] Milburn continued to initially play as an inside forward, on either the left or right flank.[43] In the season 1944/5 United finished 35th of 54 teams in the Wartime League.[45] It was in that season that, due to a player shortage, Milburn made two guest appearances for Newcastle's local rivals Sunderland. Milburn failed to score in either game.[46] Milburn also made guest appearances for Sheffield United F.C during the season.[35] For the 1945/6 season Milburn was moved to the right-wing to accommodate new signing Charlie Wayman.[42] Milburn publicly declared that he had no qualms with his move, stating that 'I must make it quite clear that for the thirty shillings I receive per match...I consider Newcastle have the right to play me in any position'.[47] Alongside the exceptional form of Albert Stubbins, the move lead to a marked increase in United's goalscoring potency; in their first game together, Milburn and Wayman combined to help Newcastle beat Middlesbrough F.C 8–2 before shortly afterwards beating Bradford City 11–0. In September 1945 in front of 48,000 spectators, Stubbins, supplied by Milburn, scored five in a 9–1 win over Stoke City F.C at St James' Park in a match which saw Stanley Matthews subdued by debutant wing-half Charlie Crowe.[48][49] In another match, United played out a 6–6 draw with neighbours Gateshead F.C.[42] Milburn's natural pace was well-suited to his new position – The Journal's sports correspondent Ken McKenzie reported after one performance that 'Milburn's speed astonished the crowd' whilst Joannou later reflected that 'his pace always troubled opposing full-backs while he could also hit pinpoint crosses'.[43] Milburn continued to score goals himself and finished the season as United's second highest scorer with 14 goals[50] as Newcastle finished 6th in the Northern War League.[45]

In total, Milburn made 95 appearances for Newcastle United in War League matches, scoring 38 goals.[51] These goals do not count for official purposes as War League matches are designated as friendly matches.[12]

Cup run and promotion: 1946–1948[edit]

United manager Stan Seymour almost entirely rebuilt his Second Division squad during the war[52] so when United played Barnsley F.C. at St James' Park in the third round of the resumed FA Cup on 5 January 1946, Milburn, Bobby Cowell, Charlie Crowe, Joe Harvey and Charlie Wayman were five of nine players making their competitive debut. 60,284 spectators saw Milburn score twice – his first official goals for the club – in a 4–2 win.[53] However, ties were contested over two legs that season[54] and the return leg saw United beaten 3–0 and 4–5 on aggregate.[55] Competitive league football re-commenced for the 1946-47 season (although Milburn remained a fitter at Hazelrigg Colliery) by reinstating the fixture list brought to a halt by the outbreak of war in 1939. This meant that United began the campaign at Millwall F.C. on 31 August 1946 albeit with only two of the players who travelled in 1939.[56] United won 4–1, with Milburn and new signing Roy Bentley (2) scoring their first league goals for the club and another added by Stubbins.[57][57] That was to prove Stubbins' last United goal as he was transferred to Liverpool F.C. on 12 September for £13,000.[57] Stubbins' replacement, Len Shackleton, made his debut on 5 October at St James' Park against Newport County A.F.C. Shackleton scored six debut goals, while Milburn (2), Wayman (4) and Bentley completed the scoring[58] in a 13–0 win which Sunday Sun correspondent Ken McKenzie described in his report as 'more of a show than a Second Division football match'. The winning margin (13) remains a joint Football League record.[59]

With Milburn deployed on the right wing supplying crosses for Shackleton and Wayman, United lost only three league games from the start of the season to Christmas Eve 1946 and led the table. However, three consecutive defeats over the Christmas period checked their momentum and, as the extremely harsh winter of 1947 began to take hold and with Milburn, sidelined through injury until late February 1947, Newcastle's league form dipped noticeably and attention turned instead to the FA Cup.[60] Milburn returned to the side for an 5th round replay at Leicester City F.C. and helped United to a 2–1 win and a quarter-final at Division One title challengers Sheffield United.[61] On 1 March 1947, Milburn, playing at outside right, scored Newcastle's second goal in a 2–0 win[60] Newcastle's reward was a semi-final tie against Charlton Athletic F.C. at Elland Road on 29 March. Hopes were high on Tyneside that Newcastle would prevail against their struggling First Division opponents but Seymour stepping down as manager, disputes over pay and accommodation and the pre-match dropping of top-scorer Charlie Wayman meant that the side walked out for the match 'in a state of near mutiny' and duly lost 4–0. United eventually finished their league camapaign in fifth-place[62] while Milburn, who had played on the right flank for almost the entire season,[63] made 27 appearances in all competitions and scored 8 goals.[64]

Later career[edit]

At first, Milburn played as a winger, but switched to Centre forward after Charlie Wayman left the club to join Southampton in October 1947 and was given the club's number 9 shirt. Milburn later said in the 1981 publication, 'Jackie Milburn's Newcastle United scrapbook', "I was fortunate enough to wear Hughie Gallacher's shirt and virtually every Saturday he'd be waiting for me outside the main entrance, always at the same time in the same place, ten yards from the door. "Hi, Jackie, you're doing fine," he'd say, "but l've got a little tip for you..." Then he would mention something he had spotted in my play the previous game. Throughout my playing days I always listened intently to any advice the big names had to give."

Milburn was the central figure in Newcastle's FA Cup campaigns of the 1950s, which saw the club win the Cup three times in five years; 1951 (scoring twice in the final), 1952 and 1955 (scoring the then quickest goal in FA Cup final history after 45 seconds). Milburn also made 13 appearances for England, scoring 10 goals. Milburn left the Magpies in June 1957 to join Belfast club Linfield as player/coach at Windsor Park, where he won 9 trophies (including an Irish League title and Irish Cup win), and finished as the league's top goalscorer in both the 1957–58 and 1958–59 seasons[65] to become the first non-Irishman to become the Irish League's top scorer. When he left Ipswich he played for Non-League football club Yiewsley for two seasons.[66]

After retiring as a player, he went on to briefly manage Ipswich Town, before returning to Tyneside to become a sports journalist for the News of the World newspaper. In 1967, he was given a belated testimonial match by Newcastle. Milburn had worried that ten years after leaving the club, people would have forgotten, but he needn't have worried, as almost 50,000 turned out at St. James' Park for the match which featured a host of stars including his cousins, the famous World Cup winning brothers, Bobby Charlton and Jack Charlton, and the great Hungarian player Ferenc Puskás.

Milburn quickly became a hero on parts of Tyneside once League Football returned after World War II in 1946. He scored 201 goals in 399 official games for Newcastle and stood as the club's record goalscorer until his record was surpassed by Alan Shearer in February 2006.[67]

After football[edit]

After he retired from football, Milburn became a journalist, covering Newcastle United as a writer for the News of the World for 23 years.[65] According to author Dylan Younger, he also acted as 'an unofficial advisor to Newcastle managers', including forming a close relationship with former teammate Joe Harvey.[68] In 1980, Milburn was the first footballer to be made a Freeman of the City of Newcastle upon Tyne[69] – an honour later also bestowed on former opponent Bobby Robson and the man who surpassed his Newcastle United goalscoring records, Shearer.[70] In 1981 he was the subject of an episode of television show This is your life.[71] The episode featuring an unwitting Milburn was the first shot outside of London.[69]


Milburn was staying at a Letchworth hotel with his Newcastle teammates in 1947 when he met Laura Blackwood – a silver-service waitress working at the hotel.[72] According to Laura, she was serving him breakfast when he 'asked her out' and they went to the cinema. Three months later she travelled to the family home in Ashington and Jackie proposed. They married on February 16, 1948 at Willingsdon Registry Office in North London. They had three children – Linda, Betty and Jackie Jr – and six grandchildren.[1]

Milburn statue in Ashington
The Jackie Milburn locomotive

In 1987, Newcastle United opened their new West Stand at St James' Park. This was named 'The Milburn Stand', in honour of Jackie.[73] This remains the only stand named after a player at St James' Park.[69]

Three statues of Milburn were commissioned. One stands on Station Road, the main street in his birthplace Ashington, the funds for which were raised by the Civic Head, Cllr. Michael George Ferrigon during his term of Office. A second statue of Milburn was unveiled by Laura Milburn on Newcastle's Northumberland Street in 1991. It was designed by sculptor Susanna Robinson and cost £35,000. The fee was raised after an appeal by the local newspaper attracted donations from local businesses and Newcastle United supporters.[74][75] The statute stands 12 feet (3.7 m) high and the inscription reads John Edward Thompson Milburn, footballer and gentleman.[76] It was relocated in 1999 to St James' Boulevard and then moved again to its present position on Strawberry Place, just outside of St. James' Park.[11]

The whereabouts of the third statue had caused some local consternation in 2011 when the local newspaper recounted a fibreglass statue of Milburn located outside St James' Park between 1996 and 1998 but which had since vanished. The statue was 'found' in the garden of the sculptor who had created it, Tom Maley, who had held it after it was returned to him by Newcastle United to cast in bronze – an arrangement which was cancelled when the club was sold to Mike Ashley in 2007.[77][78]

In 1987, Milburn was voted the 'greatest post-war North East footballer' by the local press.[69] In 1991 a steam locomotive which had previously hauled coal at Ashington Colliery where Milburn had worked was renamed Jackie Milburn in his honour. After a fundraising initiative launched in 2006 by Jack Milburn Jr to restore the locomotive it was displayed in Milburn's home town again in 2011.[79] Milburn was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame in 2006 in recognition of his contribution to English Football.[80] In 2008, Excelsior Academy School in Newcastle's West End was assigned the official name 'Milburn School of Sport and Health-related Studies.[81] In 2009, Goal.com listed Milburn 43rd in their list of the 'Top English Players of all-time'.[82] A feature in the Belfast Telegraph to celebrate the 125th anniversary of Linfield F.C. listed Milburn as the second greatest player to have ever represented the club.[4] A survey by the Evening Chronicle in 2012 placed Milburn first, ahead of Bobby Robson and Catherine Cookson, in their list of '100 Greatest Geordies'.[83] Sport Newcastle's 'Young Talent' award is entitled the Wor Jackie Award in honour of Milburn. In 2014 the winner was Adam Armstrong.[84]

Career statistics[edit]

Club performance League Cup Other Total
Season Club League Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
England League FA Cup Charity Shield Total
1945–46 Newcastle United - - 2 2 0 0 2 2
1946–47 Second Division 24 7 3 1 0 0 27 8
1947–48 39 20 1 0 0 0 40 20
1948–49 First Division 34 19 1 0 0 0 35 19
1949–50 30 18 2 3 0 0 32 21
1950–51 31 17 8 8 0 0 39 25
1951–52 32 25 7 3 1 1 40 29
1952–53 16 5 0 0 0 0 16 5
1953–54 39 16 5 2 0 0 44 18
1954–55 38 19 10 2 0 0 48 21
1955–56 38 19 4 2 1 0 43 21
1956–57 32 12 1 0 0 0 33 12
England total 353 177 44 23 2 1 399 201
1957–60 Linfield Irish League 54 68 54 68
Career total 407 245 44 23 2 1 453 269


As a player[edit]

Newcastle United


Other Media[edit]

Subject of a 53-minute documentary "A Tribute to Jackie Milburn: Tyneside's Favourite Son" produced by Tyne Tees Television, and later released in 1989 by Video Gems on VHS cassette. It covered his life, times, and career with Newcastle United Football Club

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Hutchinson, Lisa (9 October 2013). "Wor Jackie remembered – Funeral of legend Jackie Milburn". Evening Chronicle. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Sansom, Ian (24 September 2011). "Great dynasties of the world; The Charltons". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 1840188049. 
  4. ^ a b c Beacom, Steven (23 April 2011). 25 Greatest Linfield players of all time. Belfast Telegraph. 
  5. ^ Bolam, Mike (2008). The Newcastle Miscellany. Vision Sports Publishing. p. 5. ISBN 9781905326495. 
  6. ^ "The joy of six: positional switches". The Guardian. 26 June 1007. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  7. ^ Younger, Dylan (2006). Newcastle's Cult heroes. Know the Score Books Ltd. p. 77. ISBN 9781905449033. 
  8. ^ a b Miller, david (2 April 2005). "Milburn still out on his own". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  9. ^ Hutchinson, Lisa (8 October 2013). "Wor Jackie remembered: Laura Milburn tells of life with Jackie". Evening Chronicle. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  10. ^ Younger, Dylan (2006). Newcastle's Cult heroes. Know the Score Books Ltd. p. 66. ISBN 9781905449033. 
  11. ^ a b "Statute of Newcastle United Legend Jackie Milburn relocated". BBC. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Younger, Dylan (2006). Newcastle's Cult heroes. Know the Score Books Ltd. p. 68. ISBN 9781905449033. 
  13. ^ Pearson, Harry (March 2013). "The footballer who could fly". When Saturday Comes. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  14. ^ a b Younger, Dylan (2006). Newcastle's Cult heroes. Know the Score Books Ltd. p. 69. ISBN 9781905449033. 
  15. ^ Hutchinson, Roger (1997). The Toon A Complete History of Newcastle United Football Club. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 1851589562. 
  16. ^ Wardle, John (5 February 2006). "Shearer eclipses Milburn at last". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Galvin, Robert (2005). The Football Hall of Fame. Robson Books. p. 253. 
  18. ^ a b Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 1. ISBN 1840188049. 
  19. ^ Charlton, Bobby (2007). Sir Bobby Charlton: The Autobiography My Manchester United Years. Headline. ISBN 9780755316199. 
  20. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 2–3. ISBN 1840188049. 
  21. ^ a b Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 4–5. ISBN 1840188049. 
  22. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 5–6. ISBN 1840188049. 
  23. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 6. ISBN 1840188049. 
  24. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 6–7. ISBN 1840188049. 
  25. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 1840188049. 
  26. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 9. ISBN 1840188049. 
  27. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 1840188049. 
  28. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 12. ISBN 1840188049. 
  29. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 12–13. ISBN 1840188049. 
  30. ^ Younger, Dylan (2006). Newcastle's Cult heroes. Know the Score Books Ltd. p. 73. ISBN 9781905449033. 
  31. ^ Turnbull, Simon (3 January 1999). "Athletics: Sickeningly close to history". The Independent. Retrieved 20 July 2015. 
  32. ^ Milburn, Jack (2003). Jackie Milburn: A Man of Two Halves. Mainstream Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 1840188049. 
  33. ^ Wor Jackie saw era of player power coming – 23 years ago. Evening Chronicle. 18 January 2006. 
  34. ^ Kirkup, Mike (1990). Jackie Milburn in Black and White. Stanley Paul & Co. p. 15. ISBN 0-09-174483-0. 
  35. ^ a b Denis Clarebrough & Andrew Kirkham (2008). x. Hallamshire Press. pp. 227–228. ISBN 978-1-874718-69-7. 
  36. ^ Gibson, John (7 October 2013). Wor Jackie remembered: how pies at half-time sent Jackie Milburn to the top. Evening Chronicle. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  37. ^ Milburn, Jackie (3 December 1949). 45 Minutes (and six goals) got me in. The Journal (newspaper). 
  38. ^ a b Kirkup, Mike (1990). Jackie Milburn in Black and White. Stanley Paul & Co. p. 17. ISBN 0-09-174483-0. 
  39. ^ a b c Kirkup, Mike (1990). Jackie Milburn in Black and White. Stanley Paul & Co. p. 18. ISBN 0-09-174483-0. 
  40. ^ a b c Hutchinson, Roger (2004). The Toon - A complete history of Newcastle United Football Club. Mainstream Publishing Company. p. 137. ISBN 1-84018-901-0. 
  41. ^ a b c Milburn, Jackie (3 December 1949). 45 minutes (and 6 goals) got me in. The Journal. 
  42. ^ a b c d e Kirkup, Mike (1990). Jackie Milburn in Black and White. Stanley Paul & Co. p. 19. ISBN 0-09-174483-0. 
  43. ^ a b c d e f g Joannou, Paul (2007). Shirt of Legends. Mainstream Publishing Company. p. 117. ISBN 1-84018-962-2. 
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