Bergkamp at the unveiling of his statue at the Emirates Stadium on 22 February 2014
|Full name||Dennis Nicolaas Maria Bergkamp|
|Date of birth||10 May 1969|
|Place of birth||Amsterdam, Netherlands|
|Height||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)|
|Ajax (assistant manager)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Dennis Nicolaas Maria Bergkamp (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdɛnəs ˈbɛrxkɑmp] ( listen); born 10 May 1969) is a Dutch former professional footballer, who is the assistant manager to Frank de Boer at Ajax. Originally a wide midfielder, Bergkamp was moved to main striker and then to second striker, where he remained throughout his playing career. Bergkamp has been described by Jan Mulder as having "the finest technique" of any Dutch international and a "dream for a striker" by teammate Thierry Henry.
The son of an electrician, Bergkamp was born in Amsterdam and played as an amateur in the lower leagues. He was spotted by Ajax at age 11 and made his professional debut in 1986. Good form led to an international call-up a year later, attracting the attention of several European clubs. Bergkamp signed for Italian club Internazionale in 1993, where he had two disappointing seasons. After joining Arsenal in 1995, he rejuvenated his career, helping the club to win three Premier League titles, four FA Cup trophies, and reach the 2006 UEFA Champions League Final, which marked his last appearance as a player. With the Netherlands national team, Bergkamp surpassed Faas Wilkes's record to become the country's top goalscorer of all time in 1998, a record later eclipsed by Patrick Kluivert, Robin van Persie and Klaas-Jan Huntelaar.
Widely regarded as one of the greatest players in his generation, Bergkamp finished third twice in the FIFA World Player of the Year award and was selected by Pelé as one of the FIFA 100 greatest living players. In 2007, he was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame, the first and so far only Dutch player ever to receive such honour. Due to his fear of flying, Bergkamp has been affectionately nicknamed the "Non-Flying Dutchman" by Arsenal supporters.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Club career
- 3 International career
- 4 Coaching career
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Style of play
- 7 Honours
- 8 Career statistics
- 9 Media
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Born in Amsterdam, Bergkamp was the last of Wim and Tonnie Bergkamp's four sons. He was brought up in a working-class suburb, in a family aspiring to reach middle-class status. His father, an electrician and amateur footballer in the lower leagues, named him in honour of Scottish striker Denis Law. To comply with Dutch given name customs, an extra "n" was inserted in Bergkamp's first name by his father after it was not accepted by the registrar. Bergkamp was raised as a Catholic by his family and regularly attended church during his childhood. Although in later years he said visits to church did not appeal to him, Bergkamp still maintains his faith.
Bergkamp was brought up through Ajax's youth system, joining the club at age 11. Manager Johan Cruyff gave him his professional debut on 14 December 1986 against Roda JC; the game ended in a 2–0 victory for Ajax. Bergkamp scored his first senior goal for the club against HFC Haarlem on 22 February 1987 in a match Ajax won 6–0. He went on to make 23 appearances in the 1986–87 season, including a European debut against Malmö FF in the 1986–87 European Cup Winners' Cup, earning him praise. Ajax won the competition, beating Lokomotive Leipzig 1–0 as Bergkamp made an appearance as a substitute.
In later seasons, Bergkamp established himself as a first-team player for Ajax. This culminated in a period of success for the club, which won the Eredivisie title in the 1989–90 season for the first time in five years. Bergkamp scored 29 goals in 36 games the following season and became the joint top goalscorer in the league, sharing the accolade with PSV Eindhoven striker Romário. Ajax won the 1992 UEFA Cup Final, beating Torino through the away goals ruling. They then defeated SC Heerenveen 6–2 in the final of the KNVB Cup on 20 May 1993. Bergkamp was the top scorer in the Eredivisie from 1991 to 1993, and was voted Dutch Footballer of the Year in 1992 and 1993. In total, he scored 122 goals in 239 games for his hometown club.
Bergkamp attracted the attention of several European clubs as a result of his performances for Ajax. Cruyff advised him not to join Real Madrid, one of the teams said to have been interested in him. But Bergkamp was insistent on playing in Italy. He considered Serie A "the biggest league at the time" and preferred a move to either Juventus or Internazionale. On 16 February 1993, Bergkamp agreed a £7.1 million move to the latter club in a deal which included his Ajax teammate Wim Jonk. Upon signing, Bergkamp said Inter "met all my demands. The most important thing for me was the stadium, the people at the club and their style of play."
Bergkamp made his debut against Reggiana on 29 August 1993 at the San Siro in a 2–1 victory. He scored his first goal for the club against Cremonese in September 1993 but had a difficult time against the highly organised and resolute Italian defences, scoring a further seven goals in the league. This was partly due to manager Osvaldo Bagnoli's inability to find a stable forward partnership, preferring Bergkamp in a three with Uruguayan Rubén Sosa and Italian Salvatore Schillaci. Inter's poor league form cultimated in the sacking of Bagnoli in February 1994 and his replacement by Giampiero Marini, a member of Italy's World Cup winning squad of 1982. The club finished 13th in Serie A, one point away from relegation, but enjoyed success in the UEFA Cup, beating FC Salzburg in the final over two legs. Bergkamp was the competition's joint top goalscorer with eight goals and scored a hat-trick against Rapid Bucureşti in the first round.
In Bergkamp's second season at Inter, the club changed managers again, appointing Ottavio Bianchi. Bergkamp endured a disappointing campaign, troubled with stress injuries and fatigue from the 1994 World Cup. He managed to score five goals in 26 appearances. Off the field, Bergkamp's relationship with the Italian press and fans became uncomfortable. His shy persona and his propensity to go home after matches was interpreted as apathy. Because of his poor performance on the pitch, one Italian publication renamed their award given to the worst performance of the week, L'asino della settimana (Donkey of the Week) to Bergkamp della settimana. Inter ended the league season in sixth position and failed to retain the UEFA Cup, with the club eliminated in the second round. In February 1995, the club was purchased by Italian businessman and fan Massimo Moratti, who promised to invest heavily in the squad. Bergkamp's future in the first team was uncertain following the signing of Maurizio Ganz a month after the takeover.
As Moratti prepared to make wholesale changes at the club, Bergkamp left Inter and signed with Arsenal in June 1995 for a transfer fee estimated at £7.5 million. He became manager Bruce Rioch's first signing at Arsenal and broke the club's transfer fee record set at £2.5 million. Bergkamp's arrival at the club was significant not only because he was an established international footballer who looked to have his best years ahead of him but also because he was a major contributor to Arsenal's return to success after much decline in the mid-1990s. On the opening day of the 1995–96 league season, Bergkamp made his full debut against Middlesbrough. He struggled to adapt to the English game and failed to score in the club's next six league matches, prompting ridicule by the national press. On 23 September 1995, Bergkamp scored his first and second goals for Arsenal against Southampton at Highbury. Bergkamp ended his first season with 33 appearances and a goal tally of 11, helping Arsenal finish fifth and earn a place in the UEFA Cup by scoring the winner against Bolton Wanderers on the final day of the season.
The appointment of Arsène Wenger as Arsenal manager in September 1996 marked a turning point in Bergkamp's career. Wenger, who had moderate success coaching in France and Japan, recognised Bergkamp's talent and wanted to use him as a fulcrum of the team's forward play. Both were advocates of a continental style of attacking football, and Wenger's decision to impose a strict fitness and health regime pleased Bergkamp. Despite making fewer appearances in the 1996–97 season, Bergkamp was more influential in the first team, creating 13 assists. Against Tottenham Hotspur in November 1996, he set up an 88th-minute winner for captain Tony Adams to volley in using his left foot. He then scored in injury time, controlling a high ball with his left foot and evading his marker Stephen Carr in a tight area to set up his shot. Bergkamp received his first red card against Sunderland in January 1997 for a high tackle on midfielder Paul Bracewell in the 26th minute. Arsenal went on to lose the match 1–0, but a run of eight wins in their final 16 matches gave the club a third-place finish, missing out on a spot in the Champions League via goal difference.
Bergkamp was instrumental the following season in helping Arsenal complete a domestic league and cup double. He became the club's top scorer with 22 goals and recorded a strike rate of 0.57. Arsenal's achievement was all the more astonishing given that the team, written off by many in December 1997, had made ground on reigning Premier League champions Manchester United. Early in the season away to Leicester City at Filbert Street on 23 August 1997, Bergkamp scored his first hat-trick for the club. The third goal, which he regarded as his favourite for Arsenal, required just one touch to control the ball in the penalty box, another to flick it past his marker Matt Elliott before juggling it with his feet and shooting past goalkeeper Kasey Keller. After the match, Leicester manager Martin O'Neill was gracious enough to admit that Bergkamp's was "the best hat-trick I've ever seen". In an FA Cup quarter-final replay against West Ham United on 17 March 1998, Bergkamp was sent off for elbowing midfielder Steve Lomas and missed three matches due to suspension. He played no further part in Arsenal's season after overstretching his hamstring against Derby County on 29 April 1998, missing the 1998 FA Cup Final. Bergkamp was consoled with the PFA Players' Player of the Year award, becoming only the third non-British player to be recognised by his fellow professionals as the outstanding performer in English football.
After an effective 1998 World Cup campaign with the national team, Bergkamp had another productive season in 1998–99. Although Arsenal failed to retain the Premier League after losing the title on the final day of the season to Manchester United, Bergkamp was the club's second-top scorer with 16 goals. The team were also defeated in a FA Cup semi-final replay against Manchester United in April 1999. With the score 1–1 heading into injury time, Arsenal were awarded a penalty after midfielder Ray Parlour was brought down by Phil Neville inside the 18-yard box. Bergkamp took the penalty shot, but it was saved by goalkeeper Peter Schmeichel. In the second half of extra time, Ryan Giggs scored the winner, a goal regarded by many as the greatest in the competition's history. After this miss, Bergkamp did not take another penalty for the remainder of his career.
The 1999–2000 season proved to be a frustrating one for both Arsenal and Bergkamp. The club finished second in the league, 18 points behind Manchester United, and lost in the 2000 UEFA Cup Final to Turkish opponents Galatasaray on penalties. The departure of compatriot Marc Overmars and French midfielder Emmanuel Petit in the close season led to speculation over Bergkamp's future. He ultimately agreed terms on a contract extension in December 2000. Despite an array of new signings made in the 2000–01 season, Arsenal were runners-up in the league for a third year in succession. The emergence of Thierry Henry and Sylvain Wiltord as the main strikers saw Bergkamp's first-team opportunities limited as a result. He was used as a late substitute in Liverpool's win over Arsenal in the 2001 FA Cup Final.
Success finally came in the 2001–02 season. Arsenal regained the league, beating Manchester United at Old Trafford in the penultimate game of the season to complete the club's second double under Wenger; Arsenal defeated Chelsea 2–0 to win the FA Cup four days prior. Bergkamp played in 33 league matches, setting up 15 goals, one of which was against Juventus in the second group stage of the Champions League. Holding off two markers, he twisted and turned before feeding the ball to Freddie Ljungberg in the penalty box to score. Bergkamp headed in the winner against Liverpool in a FA Cup fourth-round tie on 27 January 2002, but was shown a red card for a two-footed lunge on defender Jamie Carragher, who himself was sent off for throwing a coin into the crowd. He was subsequently banned for three matches (two league, one FA Cup round). Bergkamp appealed for his ban, but was unsuccessful. He made his return against Newcastle United on 3 March 2002. Early in the match, Arsenal midfielder Robert Pirès played a low pass from the left flank to Bergkamp in the edge of the opponent area with his back to goal. Under pressure from his marker Nikos Dabizas, Bergkamp controlled the ball with one flick and went around the other side before placing the ball precisely into the bottom right-hand corner to score. Wenger described the goal as "unbelievable", adding "It was not only a magnificent goal but a very important one – I enjoyed it a lot". Bergkamp featured in nine out of the last ten league games, forming a productive partnership with Ljungberg.
Bergkamp reached a personal landmark during the 2002–03 season, scoring his 100th goal for Arsenal against Oxford United in a FA Cup third-round tie on 4 January 2003. In the league, Arsenal failed to retain the championship despite having led by eight points in March 2003. They did, however, win the FA Cup for a second successive year, beating Southampton in the 2003 FA Cup Final. On 20 July 2003, Bergkamp signed a one-year extension at the club. The 2003–04 season ended on a high point for Bergkamp as Arsenal reclaimed the league title, becoming the first English team in more than a century to go through the entire domestic league season unbeaten. Against Leicester City in the final league match of the campaign with the score tied at 1–1, Bergkamp set up the winner with a pass to captain Patrick Vieira. Vieira rounded the goalkeeper and scored. The team, dubbed "The Invincibles" did not achieve similar dominance in Europe; Arsenal were beaten by Chelsea in the quarter-finals of the Champions League over two legs. Bergkamp committed himself to Arsenal at the end of the season, signing a further extension to his contract.
Bergkamp started in 29 league matches in the 2004–05 season, but Arsenal's title defence ended unsuccessfully. The team finished second, 12 points behind Chelsea. At home against Middlesbrough on 22 August 2004, Bergkamp acted as captain for the injured Vieira in a match where Arsenal came back from 1–3 down to win 5–3 and equal Nottingham Forest's record of 42 league matches undefeated. Against Sheffield United in the FA Cup on 19 February 2005, Bergkamp was shown a straight red card by referee Neale Barry for shoving defender Danny Cullip. His appeal of the decision was rejected by The Football Association, meaning that he missed the club's next three domestic games. In Arsenal's final home match of the season against Everton, Bergkamp had a man of the match game, scoring once and assisting three of the goals in a 7–0 win. Bergkamp was moved by Arsenal supporters chanting "one more year", describing it as "quite special". "They obviously feel there is another year left in me, so that's great as it shows they're really behind me," he said. Following Arsenal's penalty shootout victory over Manchester United in the 2005 FA Cup Final, he signed a one-year contract extension.
The team finished fourth in the league in Bergkamp's final season at Arsenal. Bergkamp scored an injury-time winner against FC Thun on Matchday 1 of the Champions League, having come on as a substitute in the 72nd minute. After much campaigning from Arsenal supporters, the club designated one of its Highbury matchday themes, organised to commemorate the stadium's final season as home of Arsenal, to Dennis Bergkamp. "Bergkamp Day" took place on 15 April 2006 and saw Arsenal up against West Bromwich Albion. It celebrated the player's contribution to Arsenal; fans were given commemorative orange 'DB10' T-shirts – the colour of his national team, his initials and his squad number. Bergkamp himself came on as a second-half substitute and set up the winning Pirès goal moments after Nigel Quashie had levelled the scoreline. Fittingly, Bergkamp's 89th-minute goal proved to be his last for Arsenal in competitive football. Bergkamp was an unused substitute in his final match for Arsenal against Barcelona in the Champions League final; Barcelona scored twice in the last 13 minutes to overturn Arsenal's early lead and win the competition.
Bergkamp was the focus of the first match at Arsenal's new ground, the Emirates Stadium. On 22 July 2006, a testimonial was played in his honour at the new stadium as Arsenal played his old club Ajax. Bergkamp kicked off the match with his father, Wim, and son, Mitchel. All four children acted as the match's mascots. The first half was played by members of Arsenal and Ajax's current squads, while the second was played by famous ex-players from both sides, including Ian Wright, Vieira, Overmars, Petit and David Seaman for Arsenal, and Cruyff, Marco van Basten, Danny Blind, Frank and Ronald de Boer for Ajax. Arsenal won the match 2–1 with goals from Henry and Nwankwo Kanu. Klaas-Jan Huntelaar had earlier opened the scoring for Ajax, making him the first goalscorer at the Emirates Stadium.
Bergkamp made his international debut for the Netherlands national team against Italy on 26 September 1990 as a substitute for Frank de Boer. He scored his first goal for the team against Greece on 21 November 1990. Bergkamp was selected for Euro 1992, where his national team were the defending champions. Although Bergkamp impressed, scoring three goals in the tournament, the team lost on penalties to eventual champions Denmark.
In the qualification for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, Bergkamp scored five goals and was selected for the finals, staged in the United States. He featured in every game for the national team, getting goals against Morocco in the group stages and the Republic of Ireland in the round-of-16. Bergkamp scored the second goal for the Netherlands against Brazil, but the team lost 3–2, exiting in the quarter-finals. At Euro 1996, Bergkamp scored against Switzerland and set up striker Patrick Kluivert's consolation goal against England, who advanced into the quarter-finals.
Against Wales in the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification on 9 November 1996, he scored his first hat-trick for the national team. The Netherlands finished first in their group and qualified for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, held in France. Bergkamp scored three times in the competition, including a memorable winning goal in the final minute of the quarterfinal against Argentina. He took one touch to control a long 60-yard aerial pass from Frank de Boer, brought the ball down through Argentine defender Roberto Ayala's legs, and finally finished by firing a volley with the outside of his right foot, past the keeper at a tight angle from the right. The goal, cited by Bergkamp as his favourite in his career, was his 36th for the national team, overtaking Faas Wilkes as the record goalscorer. In the semi-finals, the Netherlands lost to Brazil on penalties after drawing 1–1 in normal time. Bergkamp made the All-Star team of the tournament, alongside Frank de Boer and Edgar Davids.
On 9 October 1999, Bergkamp scored his final goal for the Netherlands, against Brazil. As the Netherlands were co-hosts for Euro 2000, the team automatically qualified for the tournament and were considered favourites. In the semi-finals, the Netherlands lost 3–1 on penalties to Italy. Following the defeat, Bergkamp announced his retirement from international football, choosing to focus on his club career. His final goal tally of 37 goals in 79 appearances was overtaken by Patrick Kluivert in June 2003.
Upon retiring, Bergkamp insisted he would not move into coaching. He turned down an offer to scout for Arsenal and instead concentrated on travelling and spending time with his family. However, in April 2008 he began a fast-track coaching diploma for former Dutch international footballers and undertook a trainee role at Ajax.Jacob, Gary (10 April 2008). "Dennis Bergkamp ends two-year exile from game". The Times (London). Retrieved 10 April 2008.(subscription required) Having completed the Coach Betaald Voetbal course by the KNVB, Bergkamp was appointed assistant to Johan Neeskens for the newly formed Netherlands B team on 26 October 2008. For the 2008–09 season, Bergkamp returned to Ajax in a formal coaching position with responsibility for the D2 (U12) youth team. Following the promotion of Frank de Boer as manager of Ajax in December 2010, Bergkamp was appointed assistant manager to Fred Grim, dealing with Ajax' flagship A1 (U19) youth team.
As of August 2011, Bergkamp has been De Boer's assistant at Ajax.
Bergkamp has been married to Henrita Ruizendaal since 16 June 1993. The couple have four children: Estelle Deborah, Mitchel Dennis, Yasmin Naomi and Saffron Rita. His nephew, Roland Bergkamp currently plays for FC Emmen, having previously played for Brighton & Hove Albion.
Bergkamp's nickname is the Non-Flying Dutchman due to his fear of flying. This stemmed from an incident with the Netherlands national team at the 1994 World Cup where the engine of the plane cut out during a flight, prompting a journalist to joke about having a bomb in his bag. Following this incident, Bergkamp decided he would never fly again but did consider seeking psychiatric help:
I've got this problem and I have to live with it. I can't do anything about it, it is a psychological thing and I can't explain it. I have not flown on a plane for two years. The Dutch FA has been sympathetic, so have Arsenal, so far. I am considering psychiatric help. I can't fly. I just freeze. I get panicky. It starts the day before, when I can't sleep.
The condition severely limited his ability to play in away matches in European competitions and to travel with the national team. In some cases, he would travel overland by car or train, but the logistics of some matches were such that he would not travel at all. In the build-up to Arsenal's Champions League match against Olympique Lyonnais in February 2001, Wenger spoke of his concerns for Bergkamp travelling by train and car, because of the exertions involved.
Style of play
Bergkamp was schooled in Total Football, a playing style and philosophy which relied on versatility. This was primarily to maximise the footballer's potential; players tried out every outfield position before finding one that suited them best. Every age group at Ajax played in the same style and formation as the first team – 3–4–3 – to allow individuals to slot in without effort when moving up the pyramid. Bergkamp "played in every position apart from goalie" and believed he benefited from the experience of playing as a defender, as it helped him "know how they think and how to beat them". When he made his debut as a substitute against Roda JC, Bergkamp was positioned on the right wing, where he remained for three years.
During his time at Inter Milan, Bergkamp was switched to the position of a main striker, but failed to cooperate with his offensive partner Ruben Sosa, whom he later called "selfish". When Bergkamp joined Arsenal in 1995, he enjoyed a successful strike partnership with Wright, and in later seasons Anelka and Henry, playing in his preferred position as a creative second striker. The arrival of Overmars in the 1997–98 season enhanced Bergkamp's play, as he was getting more of the ball. Between August and October 1997, he scored seven goals in seven league matches. A similar rapport developed between him and Ljungberg during the 2001–02 season. In addition to his ability to score goals, Bergkamp was also capable of functioning as playmaking attacking midfielder, due to his technical skills, vision, and passing range.
Throughout his playing career Bergkamp was referred to as a "cheat" and "dirty player", something his former manager Wenger refuted. In an interview with The Times in 2004, he said that while he was at Inter Milan, he realized the importance of being mentally tough in order to survive: "A lot of people there try to hurt you, not just physically but mentally as well, and coming from the easygoing culture in Holland, I had to adopt a tougher approach. There, it was a case of two strikers up against four or five hard defenders who would stop at nothing." Bergkamp says his aggression often stems from frustration.
- Eredivisie: 1989–90
- KNVB Cup (2): 1986–87, 1992–93
- UEFA Cup: 1991–92
- European Cup Winners' Cup: 1986–87
- Inter Milan
- Premier League (3): 1997–98, 2001–02, 2003–04
- FA Cup (4): 1997–98, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2004–05
- FA Community Shield (3): 1998, 2002, 2004
Bergkamp has received several accolades during his playing career. He twice finished in third place for the 1993 and 1996 FIFA World Player of the Year award and was named in FIFA 100, a list compiled by footballer Pelé of the 125 greatest living footballers. In his club career, Bergkamp won two successive Dutch Footballer of the Year awards in 1991 and 1992 and was the Eredivisie Top Scorer winner for three consecutive seasons (1990–91 to 1992–93). He was named the FWA Footballer of the Year and PFA Players' Player of the Year in April and May 1998 and made the PFA Team of the Year for the 1997–98 season. Bergkamp also achieved a unique feat in being voted first, second and third on Match of the Day's Goal of the Month competition in August 1997. For his national team, Bergkamp was the top goalscorer in Euro 1992 and was selected in the FIFA World Cup All-Star Team for the 1998 FIFA World Cup.
In April 2007, Bergkamp was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame by viewers of BBC's Football Focus. A year later, he was voted second by Arsenal fans behind Thierry Henry in a list of the 50 Gunners Greatest Players. In February 2014, Arsenal unveiled a statue of Bergkamp outside the Emirates Stadium to honour his time at the club. A statue of Dennis Bergkamp will be erected outside the KNVB headquarters in Zeist, as he has been chosen as the best Dutch international soccer player in the period 1990-2015. The statue will join those of the eleven of the century, erected in 1999, with statues of Johan Cruijff, Ruud Gullit, Frank Rijkaard and Marco van Basten amongst others there.
A summary of Bergkamp's individual achievements are as follows in chronological order:
- Netherlands All-Time Top Scorer: 1998–2003
- Dutch Football Talent of the Year: 1990
- Eredivisie Top Scorer (3): 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93
- Dutch Footballer of the Year (2): 1991, 1992
- UEFA European Football Championship Top Scorer: 1992
- UEFA European Football Championship Teams of the Tournament: 1992
- World's Top Goal Scorer of the Year: 1992
- Ballon d'Or – Third Place: 1992
- Ballon d'Or – Runner-up: 1993
- FIFA World Player of the Year – Bronze Award (2): 1993, 1997
- UEFA Cup Top Scorer: 1993–94
- Premier League Player of the Month (4): August 1997, September 1997, March 2002, February 2004
- PFA Team of the Year: 1997–98
- FWA Footballer of the Year: 1997–98
- PFA Players' Player of the Year: 1997–98
- Premier League Goal of the Season (2): 1997–98, 2001–02
- FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 1998
- FIFA 100
- English Football Hall of Fame
|Netherlands national team|
- Scores and results list Netherlands' goal tally first.
|1.||21 November 1990||De Kuip, Rotterdam, Netherlands||Greece||1–0||2–0||UEFA Euro 1992 qualifying|
|2.||19 December 1990||Ta' Qali Stadium, Ta' Qali, Malta||Malta||5–0||8–0||UEFA Euro 1992 qualifying|
|3.||19 December 1990||Ta' Qali Stadium, Ta' Qali, Malta||Malta||7–0||8–0||UEFA Euro 1992 qualifying|
|4.||11 September 1991||Philips Stadion, Eindhoven, Netherlands||Poland||1–1||1–1||Friendly|
|5.||4 December 1991||Kaftanzoglio Stadium, Thessaloniki, Greece||Greece||1–0||2–0||UEFA Euro 1992 qualifying|
|6.||27 May 1992||Trendwork Arena, Sittard, Netherlands||Austria||2–0||3–2||Friendly|
|7.||12 June 1992||Ullevi, Gothenburg, Sweden||Scotland||1–0||1–0||UEFA Euro 1992|
|8.||18 June 1992||Ullevi, Gothenburg, Sweden||Germany||3–1||3–1||UEFA Euro 1992|
|9.||22 June 1992||Ullevi, Gothenburg, Sweden||Denmark||1–1||2–2||UEFA Euro 1992|
|10.||9 September 1992||Philips Stadion, Eindhoven, Netherlands||Italy||1–0||3–2||Friendly|
|11.||9 September 1992||Philips Stadion, Eindhoven, Netherlands||Italy||2–0||3–2||Friendly|
|12.||23 September 1992||Ullevaal, Oslo, Norway||Norway||1–1||1–2||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|13.||28 April 1993||Wembley Stadium, London, England||England||1–2||2–2||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|14.||13 October 1993||De Kuip, Rotterdam, Netherlands||England||2–0||2–0||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|15.||17 November 1993||Stadion Miejski, Poznań, Poland||Poland||1–0||3–1||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|16.||17 November 1993||Stadion Miejski, Poznań, Poland||Poland||2–1||3–1||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|17.||1 June 1994||Philips Stadion, Eindhoven, Netherlands||Hungary||1–1||7–1||Friendly|
|18.||1 June 1994||Philips Stadion, Eindhoven, Netherlands||Hungary||7–1||7–1||Friendly|
|19.||12 June 1994||Varsity Stadium, Toronto, Canada||Canada||1–0||3–0||Friendly|
|20.||29 June 1994||Citrus Bowl, Orlando, United States||Morocco||1–0||2–1||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|21.||4 July 1994||Citrus Bowl, Orlando, United States||Republic of Ireland||1–0||2–0||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|22.||9 July 1994||Cotton Bowl, Dallas, United States||Brazil||1–2||2–3||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|23.||29 March 1995||De Kuip, Rotterdam, Netherlands||Malta||2–0||4–0||UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying|
|24.||4 June 1996||De Kuip, Rotterdam, Netherlands||Republic of Ireland||1–1||3–1||Friendly|
|25.||13 June 1996||Villa Park, Birmingham, England||Switzerland||2–0||2–0||UEFA Euro 1996|
|26.||9 November 1996||Philips Stadion, Eindhoven, Netherlands||Wales||1–0||7–1||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|27.||9 November 1996||Philips Stadion, Eindhoven, Netherlands||Wales||6–0||7–1||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|28.||9 November 1996||Philips Stadion, Eindhoven, Netherlands||Wales||7–1||7–1||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|29.||12 December 1996||King Baudouin Stadium, Brussels, Belgium||Belgium||1–0||3–0||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|30.||26 February 1997||Parc des Princes, Paris, France||France||1–0||1–2||Friendly|
|31.||30 April 1997||Stadio Olimpico (San Marino), Serravalle, San Marino||San Marino||1–0||6–0||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|32.||30 April 1997||Stadio Olimpico (San Marino), Serravalle, San Marino||San Marino||6–0||6–0||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|33.||6 September 1997||Amsterdam ArenA, Amsterdam, Netherlands||Belgium||3–1||3–1||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|34.||20 June 1998||Stade Vélodrome, Marseille, France||South Korea||3–0||5–0||1998 FIFA World Cup|
|35.||29 June 1998||Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse, France||Yugoslavia||1–0||2–1||1998 FIFA World Cup|
|36.||4 July 1998||Stade Vélodrome, Marseille, France||Argentina||2–1||2–1||1998 FIFA World Cup|
|37.||9 October 1999||Amsterdam ArenA, Amsterdam, Netherlands||Brazil||1–0||2–2||Friendly|
- Kuper 156.
- "Dennis Bergkamp". ESPN FC. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- Kuper, Simon (28 April 2006). "No more walking in a 'Burgcamp' Wonderland". Financial Times. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Coleman, Nick (22 July 2006). "There was only one Dennis Bergkamp". The Independent (London). Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Maas, J.G. (22 August 2006). "Op een mooie zondagmorgen". Geuzenmiddenmeer (in Dutch). Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Lovejoy, Joe (14 November 2004). "The Big Interview: Dennis Bergkamp". The Sunday Times (London). Retrieved 28 April 2012.(subscription required)
- "Dennis is worth wait in gold; The FA Cup quarter-finals: Bergkamp has not played too often, but he's still producing masterpieces". Evening Standard (London). 8 March 2002. Retrieved 28 April 2012. (subscription required)
- "Dennis Bergkamp factfile". Sporting Life. 19 December 2002. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Harris, Harry (2 January 1998). "Dennis is worth wait in gold; The FA Cup quarter-finals: Bergkamp has not played too often, but he's still producing masterpieces". The Mirror (London). Retrieved 1 May 2012. (subscription required)
- "Ajax 2–0 Roda JC". Voetbal International (in Dutch). Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Ajax 6–0 Haarlem". Voetbal International (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "1986/87: Ajax revive their traditions". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). 1 June 1987. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- "1991/92: Ajax complete clean sweep". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- "Ajax – sc Heerenveen". sc-heerenveen.nl. SC Heerenveen. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- "Deze week ... 17 jaar geleden". Ajax.nl (in Dutch). 11 February 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- Carbonell, Rafael (2 January 1993). "Cruyff: "¿Qué va a hacer Bergkamp en el Real Madrid?"". El País (in Spanish) (Barcelona). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Dennis Bergkamp – One-on-One – Interviews". FourFourTwo. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Haylett, Trever (16 February 1993). "Football: Bergkamp joins Inter for 7.1m pounds". The Independent (London). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Giancarlo, Padovan (30 August 1993). "Jonk e Toto' fanno ridere l' Inter" (in Italian). Milan: Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Winter, Henry (23 November 1993). "Football: Wright faces charge: FA awaits linesman's decision". The Independent (London). Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- "Inter sack coach Bagnoli". New Straits Times (Milan). 9 February 1994. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- "1993/94: Inter reclaim UEFA Cup". UEFA.com. 1 June 1994. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Gherarducci, Mario (17 September 1993). "Bergkamp Baggio, magie da 10". Corriere della Sera (in Italian) (Milan). Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- Winner, David (21 June 1995). "Unravelling the enigma that is Dennis Bergkamp". The Independent (London). Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- Marrese, Emilio (27 June 2000). "Che incubi a Milano Il riscatto dei ripudiati". la Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- Marrese, Emilio (18 February 2011). "1995, Moratti compra l'Inter" (in Italian). Corriere dello Sport. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- "Ganz, il primo colpo di Moratti". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). BBC. 29 March 1995. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- Shaw, Phil (21 June 1995). "Rioch signs Bergkamp to signal new era". The Independent (London). Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- Houston, Bob (24 September 1995). "Dennis finds his menace". The Independent (London). Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- Chesshyre, Tom (6 May 1996). "Bergkamp sends Arsenal into Europe". The Independent (London). Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- Lawrence, Amy (25 April 2004). "On a higher plane". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Haylett, Trever (25 November 1996). "Football: Bergkamp and Adams break spirited Spurs". The Independent (London). Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Turnbull, Simon (12 January 1997). "Grim for grizzly Adams". The Independent (London). Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Shaw, Phil (12 May 1997). "Football: Three Gunner salute for Baseball Ground". The Independent (London). Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- "Title run-in: United steel or Arsenal grit?". BBC News. 30 April 1998. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Stammers, Steve (5 November 2001). "Wenger's sandcastle under siege". Evening Standard (London). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Shaw, Phil (28 August 1997). "Football: Wright faces more FA action". The Independent (London). Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- "GGG4: Bergkamp v Leicester City, 1997". Arsenal.com. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- Palmer (2008), p. 73.
- "Arsenal and Sheffield United through on penalties". BBC News. 18 March 1998. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- "Arsenal near title". BBC News. 30 April 1998. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp honoured by PFA". BBC News. 6 April 1998. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- Thorpe, Martin (15 April 1999). "Schmeichel takes flight as Giggs strips Arsenal bare". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- Carter, Jon (11 March 2011). "The FA Cup's Greatest Goals". ESPN Soccernet. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- "Giggs' goal is greatest FA Cup moment". Manchester Evening News. 15 May 2003. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- "'Mesut Ozil could be like Dennis Bergkamp and never take a penalty again,' says Arsene Wenger". The Independent. 21 February 2014.
- "Penalty heartbreak for Arsenal". BBC News. 17 May 2000. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp future still uncertain". BBC News. 21 September 2000. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp and Parlour agree deals". BBC News. 28 December 2000. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- "Arsenal outgun Leeds". BBC News. 5 May 2001. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- Wilson, Paul (13 May 2001). "Owen spikes the Gunners". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- Smith, Alan (18 September 2007). "The brilliance of Bergkamp". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Winter, Henry (8 May 2002). "Simply champion, Arsenal". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Lacey, David (5 December 2001). "Ljungberg at the double". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Sweet revenge for Arsenal". BBC Sport. 27 January 2002. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- Wallace, Sam (4 February 2002). "Arsenal hit by Bergkamp ban". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp appeal turned down". The Football Association. 4 February 2002. Archived from the original on 22 February 2002. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- Wallace, Sam (3 March 2002). "Newcastle laid bare by Bergkamp". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Ley, John (3 May 2002). "Ljungberg has will to win". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Arsenal end Oxford dream". BBC Sport. 4 January 2003. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp reaches milestone". BBC Sport. 4 January 2003. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Ten weeks that turned the title". BBC Sport. 4 May 2003. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Wilson, Paul (18 May 2003). "Pires aim is true for muted Gunners". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp signs new deal". BBC Sport. 20 July 2003. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Barclay, Patrick (16 May 2004). "Arsenal join the Invincibles". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Arsenal 1–2 Chelsea". BBC Sport. 6 April 2004. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp agrees new deal". BBC Sport. 12 May 2004. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- McCarra, Kevin (23 August 2004). "Gunners have all the answers to biggest test". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Arsenal 1–1 Sheff Utd". BBC Sport. 19 February 2005. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp loses red card appeal". Evening Standard (London). 23 February 2005. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Brodkin, Jon (12 May 2005). "Rampant Gunners in seventh heaven". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp made to wait on new deal". BBC Sport. 12 May 2005. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp set to stay at Arsenal". BBC Sport. 21 May 2005. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Arsenal 4–2 Wigan". BBC Sport. 7 May 2006. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Winter, Henry (15 September 2005). "Bergkamp just beats clock". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Turn Highbury orange for Dennis Bergkamp Day!". Arsenal.com. 3 April 2006. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Arsenal 3–1 West Brom". BBC Sport. 15 April 2006. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Barcelona 2–1 Arsenal". BBC Sport. 17 May 2006. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Match Report: Bergkamp Testimonial". Arsenal.com. Archived from the original on 22 August 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2006.
- "Uefa Euro 1992 – History – Netherlands–Greece". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). Retrieved 2 May 2012.
- "Schmeichel helps Denmark down Netherlands". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). 5 October 2003. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "Brazil end Oranje's American dream". FIFA.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "Second-half surge sends Netherlands top". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). 6 October 2003. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Moore, Glenn (19 June 1996). "England's night of rapture". The Independent (London). Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Haylett, Trever (10 November 1996). "Bergkamp admits to flying phobia". The Independent. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "World Cup: 25 stunning moments … No10: Dennis Bergkamp's wonder goal". Guardian. 15 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- "Netherlands – Argentina". FIFA.com. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- Vecsey, George (6 July 1998). "Dutch inspired by Bergkamp's improvisation". The Independent. Retrieved 30 April 2012.(subscription required)
- Vecsey, George (8 July 1998). "WORLD CUP '98; Doing a Little Dance, Taffarel Guides Brazil Into Final". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Driessen, Valentijn (11 October 1999). "Bogarde uitblinker tegen Brazilië". De Telegraaf (in Dutch). Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Can Holland improve and win Euro 2000?". BBC Sport. 11 June 2000. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Italy through on penalties". BBC Sport. 29 June 2000. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Staniforth, Tommy (11 August 2000). "Blow for Dutch as Bergkamp decides on retirement". The Independent. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "Kluivert milestone". Sunday Mirror (London). 8 June 2003. Retrieved 1 May 2012. (subscription required)
- Sportsweek, 06/12/2009. BBC Radio 5 Live. 6 December 2009. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "Bergkamp offered Ajax post". Sky Sports. 15 April 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
- "Neeskens to lead Netherlands B team". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). 25 October 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Updates to youth teams' training staff". Ajax.nl. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "Arsenal legend Dennis Bergkamp named Ajax assistant alongside Frank de Boer". Daily Mail (London). 28 June 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Bastiaanse, Arthur (16 June 1993). "Historisch Archief Community". Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- Cass, Simon (22 July 2006). "Bergkamp broke the mould for foreigners". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp's treasure tops all his goals". Irish Examiner (Cork). 12 September 1998. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- "Dennis omarmd in zijn eigen wonderland" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. 24 July 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- "Dennis Bergkamp nephew Roland joins Brighton". BBC Sport. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "Bergkamp's fear revealed". BBC Sport. 25 September 2002. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Bergkamp admits to flying phobia". The Independent. 5 October 1996. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Davies, Christopher (12 February 2001). "Wenger might quit Arsenal over EU". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Palmer, p. 81.
- "Dennis Bergkamp". Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- "e' gia' un' Inter " griffata " Bianchi". Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- "BERGKAMP, Dennis". Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- "Bergkamp swoops to conquer". Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Bergkamp cleared in dive cheat row". The Mirror (London). 20 January 1998. Retrieved 30 April 2012. (subscription required)
- Holt, Oliver (10 February 2003). "Bergkamp treats the Newcastle fans to wrong kind of trickery". The Mirror (London). Retrieved 30 April 2012. (subscription required)
- "Bergkamp is not dirty, says Wenger". Telegraph.co.uk. 29 October 2002. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "The Fifa 100". The Guardian (London). 4 March 2004. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- "The Joy of Six: classiest hat-tricks". London: guardian.co.uk. 11 September 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- "Dennis Bergkamp voted into Hall of Fame". Arsenal.com. 3 September 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- "Gunners' Greatest Players 2. Dennis Bergkamp". Arsenal.com. 17 July 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- "Arsenal unveil Dennis Bergkamp statue". BBC Sport. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- "Bergkamp krijgt standbeeld bij KNVB". TROUW.
- "Netherlands - Player of the Year and Other Awards". RSSSF. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "Torres receives adidas Golden Boot". UEFA.com. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "UEFA 1992 Team of the Tournament". UEFA.com. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "European Footballer of the Year ("Ballon d'Or") 1992". RSSSF. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "European Footballer of the Year ("Ballon d'Or") 1993". RSSSF. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "Baggio takes 1993 World Player honour". FIFA.com. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "Dennis Bergkamp with the FIFA Player of the Year Bronze award". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "Europa League 1993/1994 » Top Scorer". WorldFootball.net. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- "FIFA Technical Study Group designates MasterCard All-Star Team". FIFA.com. 10 July 1998. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "Player Profile, Dennis Bergkamp". Premier League. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- "Football: Dennis Bergkamp". Footballdatabase.eu. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- "Dennis Bergkamp". National Football Teams. Retrieved 15 August 2010.
- "Dennis Bergkamp – Goals in International Matches". RSSSF. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "International FIFA 13 Covers". http://www.fifauteam.com. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Richard Beech (10 September 2013). "Fifa 14: Ultimate Team Legends list for 2014 game". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Gouw, P. (2009). Griekse atleten in de Romeinse Keizertijd: 31 v. Chr. – 400 n. Chr. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. ISBN 90-5629-576-4.
- Kuper, Simon (2011). The Football Men: Up Close with the Giants of the Modern Game. London: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-85720-160-7.
- Palmer, Myles (2008). The Professor: Arsène Wenger. London: Virgin Books. ISBN 0-7535-1097-9.
Find more about
at Wikipedia's sister projects
|Media from Commons|
|News stories from Wikinews|
|Source texts from Wikisource|
- Dennis Bergkamp – FIFA competition record
- Statistics at Soccerbase.com
- Dennis Bergkamp profile at Arsenal.com
- Dennis Bergkamp profile and stats at Wereld van Oranje (Dutch)