The Northern Echo
A Northern Echo front page from 2007
|Founder(s)||John Hyslop Bell and the Pease family|
|Headquarters||Darlington, County Durham|
|Circulation||25,290 (June 2016)|
|Sister newspapers||Darlington & Stockton Times, The Advertiser|
The Northern Echo is a regional daily morning newspaper, based in the town of Darlington in North East England; serving County Durham and Teesside. The paper covers national as well as regional news. According to its then-editor, it is one of the most famous provincial newspapers in the United Kingdom. Its first edition was published on 1 January 1870.
Its second editor was W. T. Stead, the early pioneer of British investigative journalism, who earned the paper accolades from the leading Liberals of the day, seeing it applauded as "the best paper in Europe." Harold Evans, one of the great campaigning journalists of all time, was editor of The Northern Echo in the 1960s and argued the case for cervical smear tests for women. Evans agreed with Stead that reporting was "a very good way of attacking the devil".
The Northern Echo was started by John Hyslop Bell with the backing of the Pease family, largely to counter the conservative outpourings of rival newspapers, the Darlington & Stockton Times and the Darlington Mercury. The paper enjoyed early success under its second editor, W. T. Stead, an early pioneer of investigative journalism, who brought the paper international notoriety during the Bulgarian Atrocities agitation in 1876. Leading Liberals such as Gladstone and Joseph Chamberlain became great admirers, and the historian E. A. Freeman went so far as to declare the Northern Echo, as "the best paper in Europe."
However, the loss of Stead to the Pall Mall Gazette in 1880 and the resignation of founder Bell in 1889 took a heavy toll on the Echo and its sales slumped to a critical low for decades after. The collapse of the Pease dynasty and increased competition from rival newspapers added to the Echo's troubles and, by the time it limped into the twentieth century, it was on the verge of bankruptcy.
The paper was saved from ruin in 1903, when it was acquired by the North of England Newspaper Company, a group owned by chocolatiers Rowntree. An acquisition by Westminster Press (also known as the Starmer Group) in 1921 secured the Echo's future.
In 1936 Edward Pickering begun his apprenticeship at the Echo, eventually rising to the position of district reporter and sub-editor, before leaving to sub-edit the Daily Mirror. He eventually became editor of the Daily Express before rising to the position of executive vice-chairman at News International.
For five years Harold Evans (former deputy editor of the Manchester Evening News) was editor of the paper, which was a time he "loved". One of his campaigns resulted in a national programme for the detection of cervical cancer. He also campaigned against air pollution on Teesside and for the floodlighting of Durham Cathedral. When Evans left the Echo in 1967, he moved to London as editor of The Sunday Times. Evans has said of his time at the Echo:
It has 99,000 circulation when I went there; when I left it had 114,000. It spread over a very large area; two English counties and a couple of cities. It was a morning paper competing against nine national dailies produced in London and Manchester, three regional morning [papers] and two or three evening [papers], so [it had] intense competition in the North East of England, where most of the readers were coal miners and industrial workers, but in the south a belt of farmers and gentry, so it was a fascinating social market to reach. I took from my American experience a zest for investigative journalism, and campaigned about air pollution and many other things, the most interesting one in a way was that I campaigned for an inquiry into a man who had been hanged for a murder he didn't do, the famous John Christie case ... After a year of campaigning from the North East of England I got a national inquiry into the Evans hanging.
Today, The Northern Echo is owned by Newsquest (Yorkshire and North East) Ltd. According to the Audit Bureau of Circulations during the second half of 2010, The Northern Echo sold on average approximately 42,000 copies daily. It has four editions, covering County Durham, South Durham, Tees Valley and North Yorkshire and Darlington. In June 2008, the newspaper announced it would reduce the number of editions to two.
Although traditionally a broadsheet, since 26 February 2007 the newspaper has been published in a tabloid format. The newspaper transformed itself from a broadsheet to a tabloid in a one-year transition process, beginning with Saturday editions on 14 January 2006.
The Northern Echo has a number of sister publications, including the weekly Darlington & Stockton Times and the free Advertiser series.
- John Copleston: editor 1870–71
- William Thomas Stead: editor 1871–80
- John Marshall (lived c. 1856–c. 1903)
- Charles Starmer (from 1895)
- Mark Barrington-Ward: editor 1960–61 
- Sir Harold Evans: editor 1963–67.....Don Evans followed Harry Evans
- Allan Prosser
- Peter Sands 1989-93
- David Flintham (now David Kernek)
- Andrew Smith
- Peter Barron: editor 1999–2016
- Andy Richardson 2016-
- ABC Circulation Certification (PDF), ABC (Audit Bureau of Circulations), retrieved 1 December 2012
- Greenslade, Roy (12 February 2007). "Northern Echo changes shape after 137 years". The Guardian. London.
- Chalmers, Robert (13 June 2010). "Harold Evans: 'All I tried to do was shed a little light'". The Independent. London.
- Mulpetre, Owen (2012). "W.T. Stead & the Northern Echo". W.T. Stead Resource Site. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
- W.T. Stead, The M.P. for Russia: Reminiscences & Correspondence of Madame Olga Novikoff, (1909) vol. I, p. 336
- Brian MacArthur, ‘Pickering, Sir Edward Davies (1912–2003)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, January 2007; online edn, September 2010 accessed 24 August 2011
- "Newspaper Reports". www.nsdatabase.co.uk.
- "Morning newspaper loses three editions in production shake-up". Hold The Front Page. 26 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
- "Northern Echo ditches broadsheet and turns compact". Press Gazette. 23 February 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2007.
- "The compact revolution". The Northern Echo. 14 January 2006. Archived from the original on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2007.
- Lagan, Sarah (13 January 2006). "Northern Echo turns tabloid". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2007.
- Barrington-Ward, Mark (2010). Forty Years of Oxford Planning: What has it achieved, and what next?. Oxford: Oxford Civic Society. p. author's biography on rear cover.