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Bishop of Mercia
Term ended669
SuccessorChad of Mercia
Personal details

Jaruman (or Jarumann; died 669) was the fourth Bishop of Mercia.[1] He fought against apostasy outside his diocese.[2] He served as bishop in the time of King Wulfhere of Mercia, on whose behalf he undertook several missions to Saxon tribes which had returned to paganism.[3] He probably originated in Ireland but was educated at Lindisfarne.

Some Tolkien scholars suggest that Jaruman's name was the inspiration for that of Saruman in The Lord of the Rings.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 220
  2. ^ Stenton Anglo-Saxon England p. 130
  3. ^ Mayr-Harting Coming of Christianity p. 117


  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  • Mayr-Harting, Henry (1991). The Coming of Christianity to Anglo-Saxon England. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 0-271-00769-9.
  • Stenton, F. M. (1971). Anglo-Saxon England (Third ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5.

External links[edit]

Christian titles
Preceded by
Bishop of Mercia
Succeeded by
Chad of Mercia
as Bishop of the Mercians and Lindsey People