|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2015)|
|Full name||Jeunesse Sportive de Kabylie|
The Lions of Djurdjura
|Ground||Stade du 1er Novembre 1954|
|Chairman||Mohand Chérif Hannachi|
|League||Ligue Professionnelle 1|
Jeunesse Sportive de Kabylie (Tamazight: Ilemẓiyen Inaddalen n Leqbayel, Arabic: شبيبة القبائل), known as JS Kabylie or JSK (transliterated ⵊⵙⴽ in Tifinagh), is an Algerian professional association football club based in Tizi Ouzou. It draws its support from Kabyle football fans even outside the city of Tizi Ouzou. Their home stadium is Stade 1er Novembre.
JS Kabylie is the most successful club in Algeria, having won the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1 title a record 14 times and the Algerian Cup 5 times. The club has also won six African titles, winning the CAF Champions League twice, the African Cup Winners' Cup once and the CAF Cup three times.
- 1 History
- 2 Rivalries
- 3 Achievements
- 4 Performance in CAF competitions
- 5 Current squad
- 6 Retired numbers
- 7 Notable players
- 8 Managers
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- 11 Further reading
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1928–1946: A difficult birth
The club, originally a project, is considered the ancestor of the Youth Sports Kabylia and was founded in 1928 by the master lawyer Sidi Saïd Hanafi. It was called Rapide Club Tizi-Ouzou. It is considered more of a Muslim club than the sports club Olympique de Tizi-Ouzou in Greater Tizi Ouzou. Creating this club was needed as other settlers and Muslims coexisted in other cities in Algeria.
Finally after all these interruptions due to the historical and political context of the time, on 2 August 1946 the club was officially founded with the name Sport Youth Kabylia. This was after rejecting those of Association Sportive de Kabylie and Union Sportive Muslim Tizi-Ouzou and began competing in the Third Division League Football Association of Algiers, the French equivalent of the seventh division of the time. Another important fact is the town of Tizi Ouzou refused to subsidize the young club in its infancy preferring to help the oldest club Olympique de Tizi-Ouzou that was already situated in this city. Finally, the club turned to the local indigenous population, which helped the soccer clubs Muslims (USMA, MCA and Wrba 8 in particular) so that the Youth Sports Kabylie could play their first official match on October 13, 1946 in the Third Division. The year 1946 thus saw the beginnings of the club competing in Tizi Ouzou to the Arsène Weinmann stage, which began in a particular context because it was the first season since the end of World War II, after years of regional crisis.
The club made their debut in the Algerian league in 1946–47, and finished third in their league, allowing them to climb to the second division of the league Alger.
The following season, the club won the championship group that allowed it to reach the same stage as the precious season. This time the club finished first in their pool (1 win and 1 draw) and were crowned champions. JSK therefore were promoted to the first division. The first season in the 1st division of Algiers ended with a second-place finish, which allowed the club to compete although their climb up the league was eventually unsuccessful. Two seasons without relief followed, before the rise in the pre-honour category obtained during the 1953–54 season in the championship division. The war of independence of Algeria lead to the interruption of all competitions.
They were promoted to the First Division for the first time in 1969–70.
1969–1977: The first titles
At the end of their first appearance in the first division, JSK finished in an honourable sixth place. During the 1972–73 season, their fourth season in the elite, JSK won its first championship in Algeria. The club was then renamed Jamiat Sari 'Kawkabi by the then President Houari Boumedienne. The following season, JSK were crowned champion of Algeria for the second consecutive time. The following two seasons were mixed, with a seventh place in 1974–75 and a third place in 1975–76. The 1976–77 season saw the club take the championship of Algeria. The attacker Mokrane Baileche finished top scorer with twenty goals. At the same time, The club obtained its first league and cup double.
1977–1989: The Jumbo-JET, the era of Khalef et Zywotko
In 1977–78 the team changed its name to Youth Electronics Tizi-Ouzou. The 1978–79 season saw them finish runners-up in the league and cup, but in 1980 they won the league again.
In 1980, the club moved to a new stadium, and in 1981 they won the African Champions Cup.
They won further league titles in 1985 and 1986.
After 12 years, the coaching duo of Mahieddine Khalaf and Stefan Zywotko retired but remain at the club as advisors. During their time in charge, the club won six championships, one national cup and one Champions League.
The club retained their title at the end of the 1989–90 season and became the double champion of Algeria football for the fourth time in its history. This was their tenth league title. Also of note during this season, the Algeria football cup was not organized. The 1990–91 season ended with a fourth place in the championship and a cup final loss against USM Bel-Abbès. JSK carried a beautiful parallel in African competition by winning, for the second time in its history, the African Cup of Champions in 1990. They won on penalties against the Zambian club Nkana Red Devils. They are currently the only club from Algeria to have twice won the prestigious CAF Champions League.
In 1991–92 and 1993–94 they won the Algerian Cup, and in 1995 the African Cup Winners' Cup.
In 2001–02 they were runners-up in the league and reached the semi-finals of the cup.
In 2003–04 they won the league but lost the cup final to USM Alger.
The club won the cup in 2011–12.
In July 2012, the Italian coach Enrico Fabbro was recruited, but he was fired in November. Nasser replaced Sandzak and the club finished the championship in seventh place. On 23 August 2014, Cameroonian striker Albert Ebossé was struck on the head by a projectile thrown by one of the angry JSK fans while the teams were leaving the field at the end of a home game between JSK and USM Alger. The match had ended in a 2–1 defeat, with Ebossé contributing the sole JSK goal. Ebossé died a few hours later in hospital from a traumatic brain injury.
JSM Bejaia (Jeunesse Sportive Madinet Bejaia) is another popular club in Kabylia. It has been around longer than the JSK and its foundation dates back to 1936. It is set in Kabylia in the city of Bejaia. Since their ascension into the elite JSMB have competed with JSK for the supremacy of the Kabyle region, and thus formed the "Derby of Kabylia."
- Champion (14): 1973, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1995, 2004, 2006, 2008
- Runner-up (10): 1978, 1979, 1981, 1988, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2014.
- Winner (5): 1977, 1986, 1992, 1994, 2011
- Runner-up (5): 1979, 1991, 1999, 2004, 2014
- Winner (1): 1992
- Runner-up (3): 1994, 1995, 2006
- Winner: 1981, 1990
- Winner: 1995
- Runner-up: 1995
- Winner: 1982
- Runner-up: 1974
- Third: 2008
- Third: 1987, 1989
Performance in CAF competitions
- CAF Confederation Cup: 3 appearances
- CAF Super Cup: 1 appearance
- 1996 – Runners-up
- CAF Cup: 4 appearances
- CAF Cup Winners' Cup: 2 appearance
As of 9 October, 2015
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Below are the notable former players who have represented JS Kabylie in league and international competition since the club's foundation in 1946. To appear in the section below, a player must have played in at least 100 official matches for the club or represented the national team for which the player is eligible during his stint with JS Kabylie or following his departure.
For a complete list of JS Kabylie players, see Category:JS Kabylie players
align=left | Dominique Bijotat || style="text-align:center;"| 2015–
- "System". Js-kabylie.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- Histoire de la JSK (JS Kabylie). YouTube. 11 June 2014.
- "Presse : Rapide comme Djebbar". Js-kabylie.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "Algeria 1988/89". Rsssf.com. 2007-02-14. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "But du jour : Meddane face à l'Asanti Kotoko FC en 1990". Js-kabylie.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "Algeria 2001/02". Rsssf.com. 2002-08-28. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "Algeria 2003/04". RSSSF. 2004-09-25. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Ligue 1 2007/08". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Ligue 1 2008/2009". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "JS Kabylie’s return after Albert Ebossé’s death shows lessons have not been learned". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "Fan Projectile Kills JS Kabylie Striker Albert Ebosse In Algerian League". Soccerladuma.co.za. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "BBC Sport – JS Kabylie punished over death of Cameroonian Albert Ebosse". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "Message – El Watan". Elwatan.com. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- JSMB 4–2 JSK derby de la kabylie 6.j de ligue1 algérienne 2010–2011. YouTube.com. 29 October 2010. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "Ligue 1 (13e journée) : Le derby JS Kabylie-MO Béjaïa avancé à 15h00". Algérie1.com. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "Effectifs des clubs - DZFOOT.COM". Dzfoot.com. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- Naïm Adnane|t, 40 ans de football (Entreprise algérienne de presse), 1987