July 22, 1913|
McColl, South Carolina
|Died||July 23, 1959
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Snow Hill Billies
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
North Carolina (assistant)
Iowa Pre-Flight (assistant)
|Administrative career (AD unless noted)|
|Head coaching record|
|Overall||100–35–7 (football)[n 1]
|Accomplishments and honors|
|College Football Hall of Fame
Inducted in 1984 (profile)
James M. "Big Jim" Tatum (July 22, 1913 – July 23, 1959) was an American football and baseball player and coach. Tatum served as the head football coach at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1942, 1956–1958), the University of Oklahoma (1946), and the University of Maryland, College Park (1947–1955), compiling a career college football record of 100–35–7.[n 1] His 1953 Maryland team won a national title. As a head coach, he employed the split-T formation with great success, a system he had learned as an assistant under Don Faurot at the Iowa Pre-Flight School during World War II. Tatum was also the head baseball coach at Cornell University from 1937 to 1939, tallying a mark of 20–40–1. Tatum's career was cut short by his untimely death in 1959. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1984.
Early life and college playing career
Tatum was born in McColl, South Carolina on July 22, 1913. He attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he played college football as a tackle under head coach Carl Snavely. Tatum was named to the All-Southern Conference team as a senior in 1935.
In 1936, Tatum followed his football coach at North Carolina, Carl Snavely, to Cornell University where he became Snavely's assistant football coach and also the head baseball coach for three seasons before returning to North Carolina in 1939. During this time, Tatum played minor league baseball in the class "D" Coastal Plain League with the Tarboro Serpents in 1937 and the Snow Hill Billies in 1938 and 1939.
Tatum enlisted in the United States Navy after one season as the head coach at North Carolina following Raymond Wolf's departure for naval service in 1941. He was assigned to the Iowa Pre-Flight school where he was an assistant coach for Don Faurot, the Missouri Tigers head coach and the inventor of the Split-T offense. Tatum used this offensive scheme with great success throughout his later career.
After World War II, Tatum accepted a position as the head coach at the University of Oklahoma. He compiled an 8–3 in 1946 record before accepting the head coaching position at the University of Maryland. Bud Wilkinson, a fellow assistant coach at the Iowa Pre-Flight School, was one of his assistants at Oklahoma and was promoted to head coach when Tatum left for Maryland.
At Maryland, Tatum compiled a 73–15–4 record for an .815 winning percentage. Maryland was undefeated in the 1951 season at 10–0, upsetting the top-ranked Tennessee Volunteers in the 1952 Sugar Bowl, 28–13. Tatum's 1953 team won a national championship. That season, Tatum was voted AFCA Coach of the Year. His Maryland teams won conference co-championships in 1951 in the Southern Conference and in 1953 and 1955 in the Atlantic Coast Conference. In addition to playing in the Sugar Bowl, Maryland also played twice each in the Gator Bowl and the Orange Bowl during Tatum's tenure.
In 1942 and from 1956 to 1958, Tatum served as the head football coach at his alma mater, the University of North Carolina. There he compiled a 19–17–3 record; two 1956 wins were later forfeited for use of an ineligible player.[n 1] Tatum had originally returned to North Carolina to coach the freshmen football team in 1939 after spending time as an assistant at Cornell University. His first stint is notable for his recruitment of Felix "Doc" Blanchard, a son of one of his cousins, who played on the freshman team before enlisting and later starring as "Mr. Inside" for Army. He left his first tenure as head coach after the 1942 season to enlist in the Navy during World War II. His second tenure at North Carolina was cut short due to his untimely death.
Tatum died on July 23, 1959 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina at the age of 46. He had contracted an infection on July 13, and entered the hospital on July 18. On the day of his death, he fell into a coma in the afternoon and never regained consciousness. He was declared dead at 11:40 p.m. His ailment was later determined to be a rickettsial disease "similar to typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever". He was buried in Old Chapel Hill Cemetery.
||This section possibly contains original research. (December 2014)|
Tatum was the son of Walter Robert Tatum (February 22, 1874 in Marlboro County, South Carolina – July 13, 1925 in McColl, South Carolina) and Agnes Jessamine Carmichael (1876 in Dillon, South Carolina – 1956). They were married in 1895 in McColl, S.C. Jim was married to Edna Reid Sumrell (September 13, 1911 in Ayden, North Carolina – November 18, 2004 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina) in 1938 at the Little Church Around the Corner in New York City. Edna was the daughter of Barnes Staton Sumrell (February 12, 1874 in Pitt County, North Carolina – December 12, 1954 in Greenville, North Carolina) and Rebecca Minnesota "Minnie" Dixon (August 30, 1879 in Pitt County, NC – November 12, 1968 in Greenville, NC). They had three children: Rebecca Tatum Hilstad, b. 1945 in Kinston, North Carolina; James Moore Tatum, Jr., b. 1947 in Kinston, NC, and Edna Reid Tatum, b. 1952 in Prince George's County, Maryland.
- George Barclay, North Carolina
- Walter Driskill, Baltimore Colts
- Warren Giese, South Carolina
- Jack Hennemier, Calgary Stampeders
- Jim Hickey, North Carolina
- Bill Meek, Houston
- Tommy Mont, Maryland
- Bob Ward, Maryland
- Bud Wilkinson, Oklahoma
A number of Tatum's players also went on to become head coaches:
- Dee Andros, Oregon State and Idaho
- Dick Bielski, Washington Federals
- John Idzik, Detroit
- Jim LaRue, Arizona
- Dick Modzelewski, Cleveland Browns
- Dick Nolan, San Francisco 49ers and New Orleans Saints
- Jim Owens, Washington
- Darrell Royal, Texas
- Wade Walker, Mississippi State
- Ron Waller, San Diego Chargers
- Bob Ward, Maryland
Head coaching record
|North Carolina Tar Heels (Southern Conference) (1942)|
|Oklahoma Sooners (Big Six Conference) (1946)|
|Maryland Terrapins (Southern Conference) (1947–1952)|
|1952||Maryland||7–2||0–0[n 2]||[n 2]||13||13|
|Maryland Terrapins (Atlantic Coast Conference) (1953–1955)|
|North Carolina Tar Heels (Atlantic Coast Conference) (1956–1958)|
|1956||North Carolina||2–7–1[n 1]||2–3–1[n 1]||5th|
|North Carolina:||19–17–3[n 1]||13–10–2[n 1]|
|National championship Conference title Conference division title|
|#Rankings from final Coaches Poll.
°Rankings from final AP Poll.
- North Carolina later forfeited two wins during the 1956 season, victories over conference opponents Maryland and Virginia, because of an ineligible player. The NCAA and North Carolina still credit Tatum with those wins.
- The Southern Conference sanctioned Maryland during the 1952 season for accepting a bowl bid the previous season. The Terrapins were disallowed from playing any conference opponents.
- Hickman, Herman (September 23, 1957). "Atlantic Coast Conference". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
- Jim "Big Jim" Tatum, College Football Hall of Fame, National Football Foundation, retrieved August 21, 2010.
- Jim Tatum Rated 'Coach of the Year', Eugene Register-Guard, October 9, 1942.
- Kinston Has a Rich Tradition in Baseball, Kinston Eagles, retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Jim Fletcher, The Die-Hard Fan's Guide to Sooner Football, p. 87.
- Newsweek, Volume 54, p. 47, Newsweek, Inc., 1959.
- Tatum Joins Football Giants, The New York Times, p. 31, September 12, 1935.
- "James Tatum Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
- Schlabach, Mark (2009-04-21). "Blanchard half of famous backfield". ESPN. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
- Jim Tatum Dies at 46 from Virus; N. Carolina Coach Succumbs after 10 Day Illness, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 24, 1959.
- Jim Tatum's Disease Likened To Typhus, The Baltimore Sun, March 31, 1960.
- 2005 Southern Conference Football