Joachim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Saint Joachim
Santi gioacchino e anna.jpg
Saints Joachim and Anne, Parents of the Virgin Mary
Father of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Confessor
Bornc. 50 B.C.
Nazareth
Died15 AD, Jerusalem
Nazareth
Venerated inCatholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Churches
Anglican Communion
Aglipayan Church
Islam
CanonizedPre-Congregation
Feast26 July (Anglican Communion), (Catholic Church); 9 September (Eastern Orthodox Church), (Greek Catholics); Calendar, 1738-1913); 16 August (General Roman Calendar, 1913-1969)
AttributesLamb, doves, with Saint Anne or Mary
PatronageAdjuntas, Puerto Rico, Dolores, Eastern Samar, fathers, grandparents, Fasnia (Tenerife)

Joachim (/ˈəkɪm/; "he whom Yahweh has set up", Hebrew: יְהוֹיָקִיםYəhôyāqîm, Greek Ἰωακείμ Iōākeím) was the husband of Saint Anne and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus, according to the Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican traditions. The story of Joachim and Anne first appears in the apocryphal Gospel of James. Joachim and Anne are not mentioned in the Bible.[1] His feast day is 26 July.

In Christian tradition[edit]

According to tradition, Saint Anne was born in Bethlehem, and married Joachim of Nazareth, both descendants of David.[2] In the Protoevangelium of James, Joachim is described as a rich and pious man, who regularly gave to the poor and to the synagogue at Sepphoris. Tradition has it that the parents of the Blessed Virgin, who, apparently, first lived in Galilee, came later on to settle in Jerusalem.[3] However, the high priest rejected Joachim and his sacrifice, as their childlessness was interpreted as a sign of divine displeasure. Joachim consequently withdrew to the desert where he fasted and did penance for forty days. Angels then appeared to both Joachim and Anne to promise them a child.[4] Joachim later returned to Jerusalem and embraced Anne at the city gate. There was ancient belief that a child born of an elderly mother who had given up hope of having offspring was destined for great things. Parallels occur in the Old Testament in the case of Hannah, mother of Samuel.[5]

Joachim and Anne Meeting at the Golden Gate was a popular subject in artistic renditions of the Life of the Virgin.

The cycle of legends concerning Joachim and Anne were included in the Golden Legend and remained popular in Christian art until the Council of Trent restricted the depiction of apocryphal events.

No liturgical celebration of Saint Joachim was included in the Tridentine Calendar. It was added to the General Roman Calendar in 1584, for celebration on 20 March, the day after the feast day of Saint Joseph. In 1738, it was transferred to the Sunday after the Octave of the Assumption of Mary. As part of his effort to allow the liturgy of Sundays to be celebrated, Pope Pius X transferred it to 16 August, the day after the Assumption, so that Joachim may be remembered in the celebration of Mary's triumph.[6] It was then celebrated as a Double of the 2nd Class, a rank that was changed in 1960 to that of 2nd Class Feast. In the 1969 revision of the General Roman Calendar it was joined to that of Anne, for celebration on 26 July.[7]

The Eastern Orthodox Churches and Greek Catholics commemorate Joachim on 9 September, the Synaxis of Joachim and Anne, the day after the Nativity of the Theotokos.

Saint Joachim

In Islam[edit]

In the Quran, Joachim is known as Imran, the father of Mary, mother of Jesus. A whole chapter is named on his family. The name is mentioned in several locations and it is said that his family was one of those preferred over all of God's creatures: "Lo! Allah preferred Adam and Noah and the Family of Abraham and the Family of 'Imran above (all His) creatures."[Quran 3:33 (Translated by Pickthall)]

It has been narrated in Shi'i hadith from Abu Basir that Ja'far al-Sadiq, the Twelver Imam and great-grandson of Muhammad, confirmed that Imran was a prophet and apostle to his people, further stating "Hannah, the wife of Imran, and Hananah, the wife of Zechariah, were sisters. He goes on to say that Mary was born from Hannah and John the Baptist was born from Hananah. Mary gave birth to Jesus and he was the son of the daughter of John's aunt. John was the son of the aunt of Mary, and the aunt of one's mother is like one's aunt."[8]

Patronage[edit]

Joachim is named as the patron saint of fathers, grandfathers, grandparents, married couples, cabinet makers and linen traders.[9]

Iconography[edit]

Symbols associated with Saint Joachim include: a book or scroll representing linen makers, a shepherd's staff for the Christian word, and a basket of doves representing peace. He is almost always clothed in green, the color of hope.[9]

Legacy[edit]

The San Joaquin Valley, California was named after the San Joaquin river, which was given its name in the early 19th century by the Spanish explorer Lieutenant Gabriel Moraga.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brownrigg, Ronald. Who's Who in the New Testament 2001 ISBN 0-415-26036-1 page T-62
  2. ^ ""St. Joachim and St. Anne, parents of the Virgin Mary, Protectors of the Order", Carmelites". Ocarm.org. 2013-07-26. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
  3. ^ "Souvay, Charles. "St. Joachim." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 3 May 2013". Newadvent.org. 1910-10-01. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
  4. ^ "Saint Joachim", World Meeting of Families, 2015 Archived 2016-04-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "''Lives of Saints'', John J. Crawley & Co., Inc". Ewtn.com. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
  6. ^ Dom Gaspar LeFebvre, "The Saint Andrew Daily Missal, with Vespers for Sundays and Feasts," Saint Paul, MN: The E. M. Lohmann Co., 1952, p. 1513
  7. ^ "Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), pp. 98 and 135
  8. ^ Muntazir Qa'im, Mahdi (2007). Jesus Through the Qur’an and Shi’ite Narrations (Bilingual ed.). Queens, New York: Tahrike Tarsile Qur'an. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-1879402140.
  9. ^ a b ""St. Joachim, Father of the Most Blessed Virgin", St. Joachim Parish, Bellmawr, New Jersey". Stjoachimparish.net. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
  10. ^ "Nelson, Fr. Lee. "Homily for the Feast of Sts. Anne and Joachim", St. John's Church, Stockton, California". Stjohnsstockton.org. 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2013-11-03.

External links[edit]