John G. Rowland
|86th Governor of Connecticut|
January 4, 1995 – July 1, 2004
|Preceded by||Lowell Weicker|
|Succeeded by||Jodi Rell|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Connecticut's 5th district
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1991
|Preceded by||William R. Ratchford|
|Succeeded by||Gary Franks|
|Member of the Connecticut House of Representatives|
from the 73rd district
|Preceded by||Natalie Rapoport|
|Succeeded by||Joan Hartley|
John Grosvenor Rowland
May 24, 1957
Waterbury, Connecticut, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Deborah Rowland (Divorced)|
|Education||Villanova University (BS)|
John Grosvenor Rowland (born May 24, 1957) is an American politician, author, and convicted felon who served as the 86th Governor of Connecticut from 1995 to 2004. He served two nonconsecutive prison terms on various corruption charges. A Republican, Rowland previously served in the United States House of Representatives from 1985 to 1991, representing the state's 5th district. In 2004, Rowland resigned from office during a corruption investigation, and later pleaded guilty in federal court to a one-count indictment for conspiracy to commit honest services fraud, mail fraud and tax fraud. He was the first Connecticut governor to be elected to three terms since 1784.
Rowland served ten months in a federal prison until February 10, 2006, followed by four months' house arrest at his home in West Hartford, Connecticut, until June 2006. His lieutenant governor, Jodi Rell, replaced him as governor.
On April 10, 2014, Rowland was indicted on seven counts for his role in an election fraud case where former congressional candidate Lisa Wilson-Foley, current Vice Chair of the Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts and her husband, Brian Foley, pleaded guilty in federal court on March 31, 2014 to illegally paying Rowland $35,000 in campaign consulting fees. He was charged with two counts of falsifying records in a federal investigation, one count of conspiracy, two counts of causing false statements to be made to the FEC, and two counts of causing illegal campaign contributions. He was convicted on all seven counts in September 2014, and was subsequently sentenced to 30 months in prison on March 18, 2015.
He is married to Patty Rowland, his second wife, and the couple has five children between them.
Early political career
Rowland's political career began in 1980 when, at age 23, he was elected to the Connecticut State House of Representatives. He held his seat until 1984, when he was elected to represent Connecticut's 5th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives and was reelected in 1986 and 1988.
Tenure as Governor
Rowland was later elected governor in 1994 at age 37 (the youngest governor in Connecticut history) and later defeated two Democratic opponents: former US Congresswoman Barbara Bailey Kennelly (63%–35%) in 1998 and former State Comptroller Bill Curry (56%–44%) in 2002.
The Adriaen's Landing project, the most ambitious capital city development project in decades in the state, continued to progress during Rowland's time in office. On Rowland's watch the state paid $37 million to TBI Construction to relocate Connecticut Natural Gas headquarters to East Hartford to make room for the development, TBI would later be at the center of the scandal that brought the Governor down.
In 1997 Rowland was the subject of the Geargate political scandal. Surplus military equipment intended for the Connecticut State Police was diverted by Rowland and close associates for their personal use. Equipment and apparel including sleeping bags, camouflage jackets, helmets, and a bayonet made their way into the hands of Rowland's children, his staff, his security detail, and the husband of then Lt. Gov. Jodi Rell. The diversion was organized by corrupt State Trooper Eugene D’Angelo and was uncovered through a joint State Police and Department of Defense investigation.
In 1998, Rowland implemented the HUSKY Plan (Healthcare for UninSured Kids and Youth) to provide health insurance to uninsured Connecticut children. During his tenure, the budget for the Department of Children and Families more than doubled. Rowland supported addition to government of the state's first Child Advocate.
Rowland was a strong proponent of a tough stance against violent crime as governor. The prison population grew rapidly during his term, which caused the state to send inmates to prisons in Virginia to deal with overcrowding. Legislative opponents of this policy such as Representative Michael Lawlor urged more rapid release of nonviolent offenders. After Rowland left office the Virginia inmates were returned to Connecticut and more criminals were paroled. This approach was criticized after the 2007 Cheshire home invasion murders committed by two "nonviolent" inmates paroled from Connecticut prison.
In early 1998, Rowland outlined plans to make Hartford an educational, cultural, and entertainment center. He outlined a "Six Pillars of Progress" initiative which included the construction of a convention center, a higher education center, parking garages, housing, riverfront redevelopment, and the renovation of the Hartford Civic Center. By In May of 1998, the Connecticut General Assembly had authorized an initial $300 million to implement his urban renewal plan. Rowland established the Capital City Economic Development Authority, a quasi-state entity to oversee the implementation of his plan. Projects completed under this plan included the construction of Adriaen's Landing and other work on improving the riverfront, renovation of the former G. Fox & Co. department store so that it could house the new location of Capital Community College, and the Connecticut Convention Center.
In 2002 Lawrence Alibozek, former deputy chief of staff to the Governor, pleaded guilty to steering State contracts to the Tomasso Group, a contractor heavily involved with Rowland and his campaigns. The Tomasso Group's relationship with Rowland included more than $500,000 in legal campaign contributions as well as hosting the Governor's birthday at their Tunxis Country Club.
In 2003 Governor Rowland dismissed 2,800 state workers thus violating their union contracts. The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York City ruled in 2013 that the former Republican governor's administration had violated the workers right to freedom of association. Many workers were eventually rehired or otherwise partially compensated. "They lost benefits, they lost pension, they lost health insurance," creating "real interference" with people's lives, said Union Attorney David Golub.
Before investigation into his conduct as governor started, Rowland was viewed as a rising star in the Republican Party, and was mentioned as a future presidential or vice-presidential candidate.
Rowland resigned abruptly as Governor, July 13, 2004 as he faced impeachment and investigation for corruption. Lieutenant Governor M. Jodi Rell served out the remainder of his term. Rowland is the first Connecticut governor to have ever faced impeachment and he is the only Connecticut governor to have served prison time.
Corruption as Governor
In the first year of Rowland's third term (2003), rumors began circulating that contractors doing business with the state, primarily the Tomasso Group, paid for and made improvements to his private weekend home.
However, in December 2003, Rowland abruptly appeared on television and admitted that work had been done by contractors on his vacation home at no charge, and that his earlier statements to the contrary were untrue. He claimed that, since the work was done, he had paid the contractors in full; but in January 2004 an official investigation began into charges of corruption and whether he should face impeachment.
On June 18, the Connecticut Supreme Court required Rowland to appear before the investigative panel seeking his testimony, which could have resulted in him giving evidence against impeachment in the ongoing criminal investigation. On June 21, Rowland resigned, effective noon on July 1, 2004.
Patty Rowland's poem
Matters were exacerbated when the First Lady of Connecticut, Patty Rowland, wrote a satirical poem deriding the media for investigating her husband's wrongdoing. The poem, a parody of the classic A Visit From St. Nicholas, was read by the First Lady at the Middlesex Chamber of Commerce on Dec. 17, 2003. The poem was published in its entirety in the New York Times the following day.
On December 23, 2004, Rowland pleaded guilty to depriving the public of honest service. Rowland was sentenced on March 18, 2005, in New Haven, Connecticut, to one year and one day in prison, four months' house arrest, three years' probation and community service. On April 1, 2005, he entered Federal Correctional Institution, Loretto, in Pennsylvania. His federal inmate number was 15623-014.
On February 10, 2006, Rowland was released from federal prison with the stipulation that he serve four months' house arrest with an electronic ankle bracelet monitor.
On July 1, 2006, Rowland spoke to an association of scholar athletes in Kingston, Rhode Island, about the lessons he learned. A "sense of entitlement" and the "arrogance of power" were two of the biggest things that ended his political career, The Hartford Courant quoted him as saying.
He warned that the arrogance is very easy when you're put on a pedestal, and you "start to believe your own press releases. ... It [becomes] all about me. You start to block out what else is around you."
The Courant quoted Rowland as saying that "when you start to find yourself only concerned with yourself" that's the point when you need to find a "grounding force." That should be faith, ideally, he said, or at least "something within yourself"—not just other people.
"I found in my career that a lot of people will tell you how great you are—especially when you're the boss. But there will be that time when that career will be over ... and then it's down to the three F's—faith, family and friends – real faith, real family and real friends."
Rowland, now a resident of West Hartford, told the audience his future is still uncertain. He owes the Internal Revenue Service more than $35,000 and another $40,000 in fines. He said he's a volunteer counselor and hoping to find a publisher for a book he wrote called Falling Into Grace.
Rowland discussed his life after politics in a Washington Post article published June 17, 2007. Rowland discussed his work on the lecture circuit and the factors leading to his political demise. He also expressed disappointment that his successor, Governor M. Jodi Rell had "thrown him under the bus" and distanced herself from him after taking office. Rell declined to criticize Rowland over these remarks.
In January 2008 Waterbury Republican Mayor Michael Jarjura announced that he would hire Rowland as an economic development advisor for the city. Rowland began work in February and received an annual salary of $95,000 as the city's economic development coordinator. Rowland's stint as Waterbury's economic development coordinator ended in 2012.
On April 1, 2014, Connecticut governor Dannel P. Malloy called on WTIC to remove Rowland from the air due to Rowland's implication in a corruption scandal involving former Congressional candidate Lisa Wilson-Foley. Malloy stated: "The reality is that we now know enough—two people have pled guilty to this charge and have identified the party they were engaged with ... unless there's going to be a denial and in light of two actual pleas, both identifying who the third party was, I think any reasonable outlet would remove him at this point […] He had the interesting position of trying to impact and influence political discourse on an afternoon radio show. That somebody would violate that trust as well, is disturbing." Rowland has often criticized Malloy since the latter took office in 2011. On one occasion, Rowland labeled Malloy a "pathological liar," although he later apologized to Malloy.
On April 3, 2014, Rowland announced that he was leaving as WTIC's afternoon talk-show host "to take care of some personal issues," he said just before 6 p.m, at the end of his regular three-hour time slot.
On March 31, 2014, husband and wife Brian and Lisa Wilson-Foley, the Vice Chair of the Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts Board of Trustees, pleaded guilty in federal court to corruption charges for illegally paying and afterwards hiding campaign consulting fees to the former governor, who is widely considered the main target for the federal probers. In 2012, Wilson-Foley ran for Congress in Connecticut 5th district. Rowland secretly served as a consultant to her campaign.
On September 8, Lisa Wilson-Foley's husband, Brian Foley, told the jury that his wife had signed a fictional contract with Rowland to create the impression that Rowland was working for a group of nursing homes Foley owned. Instead, Rowland was providing political advice. Despite the statement, Rowland's lawyers insisted that the client was a campaign volunteer and that he was paid for giving Foley advice on his healthcare business, not for being a political consultant. Shortly thereafter on September 16, first defense witness Bedard testified in accord with this line of defense. Bedard claims directly countered prosecutor's charges whereby he states that Rowland: "The healthcare and nursing home industry was changing and Brian hired him as a consultant to help us move forward," Bedard testified: "The healthcare and nursing home industry was changing and Brian [Foley] hired him [Rowland] as a consultant to help us move forward. ... He knew the politics and practical ways to speed along Medicaid payments that were often delayed by between nine months to a year."
On September 19, 2014 Rowland was convicted on federal charges that he conspired to hide payment for his work on two congressional campaigns. He was convicted in New Haven federal court of all seven counts, including conspiracy, falsifying records in a federal investigation, causing false statements to be made to the Federal Election Commission and causing illegal campaign contributions. On March 18, 2015 Rowland was sentenced to prison for 30 months by U.S. District Judge Janet Bond Arterton. Judge Arterton also fined Rowland $35,000 and ordered him to serve three years of supervision by the federal probation office upon his release. Rowland turned down the opportunity to speak and is planning on appealing the sentence. His conviction was upheld by the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York City on June 17, 2016. Rowland served less than the full 30-month term and was released from federal custody on May 26, 2018.
|A Connecticut Party||Lowell Weicker||460,576||40.36|
|A Connecticut Party||Eunice Strong Groark||216,585||18.88|
|Republican||John Rowland (incumbent)||628,707||62.90|
|Republican||John Rowland (incumbent)||573,958||56.11|
- "Judge Sends Rowland, Ex-Connecticut Governor, Back to Prison". Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- Honest Services Mail Fraud defined and discussed at Findlaw.com. Accessed March 17, 2008.
- "US Dept of Justice Press Release". Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- "Feds Want Prison For Lisa Wilson-Foley In Rowland Case/". Archived from the original on March 23, 2016. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- "Ex-Connecticut Gov. John Rowland Indicted In Alleged Campaign Scheme". April 10, 2014. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- ASSOCIATED PRESS. "Ex-Conn. Governor John Rowland convicted of conspiracy charges". nydailynews.com. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- Mahony, Edmund (March 18, 2015). "Ex-Governor John Rowland Sentenced To 30 Months In Prison". Hartford Courant. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Murray, John. "A Peek Behind The Scenes With Governor John Rowland". waterburyobserver.org. The Waterbury Observer. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
- "FBI probe focuses on CNG relocation in Adriaen's Landing project". connecticut.news12.com. News 12. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
- Leigh Cowan, Alison (June 29, 2004). "Political Memo; The Antagonist Who Barraged Rowland With Criticism". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
- Lender, Jon. "SURPLUS GEAR WENT TO ROWLAND'S CHILDREN, STAFF". courant.com. Hartford Courant. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
- "Governor Rowland: Governor John G. Rowland Biography". www.ct.gov. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- News Item Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, New Haven Register.
- Public Safety Performance Archived November 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine produced by the Pew Center on the States.
- Parole Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine at Courant.com
- Burns, Peter. trincoll.edu (PDF) https://www.trincoll.edu/UrbanGlobal/CUGS/Faculty/research/Documents/The%20Intergovernmental%20Regime%20and%20Public%20Policy%20in%20Hartford,%20Connecticut.pdf. Retrieved April 14, 2020. Missing or empty
- Altimari, Dave. "Rowland's Troubles Began Two Years Ago With Subpoena Delivered To His Office About State Contract With Tomasso". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
- Christoffersen, John (September 26, 2004). "Bill Tomasso's fortunes soared with Rowland's". registercitizen.com. The Register Citizen. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
-  | April 28, 2015 | Settlement reached in 2003 Connecticut layoff lawsuit | SUSAN HAIGH Associated Press | 
- G. Rowland News: Topical Coverage, New York Times
- Mehren, Elizabeth (December 21, 2003). "Hot Seat Is Getting Hotter for Governor". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
- Michael Powell, Washington Post Staff Writer (June 22, 2004). "Connecticut Governor Resigns, Rowland Was Facing Impeachment Move". washingtonpost.com.
- Jonathan Finer, Washington Post Staff Writer (December 24, 2004). "Former Connecticut Governor Pleads Guilty, Rowland Accepted Thousands of Dollars in Trips and Home Improvements While in Office". washingtonpost.com.
- Edition, Print (June 24, 2004). "A tale of a hot-tub". The Economist. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
- First Lady Patty Rowland's poem at The New York Times.
- "Former Connecticut Governor Pleads Guilty (washingtonpost.com)". www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- "Ex-Gov. Rowland Pleads Guilty to Corruption". foxnews.com. Associated Press. January 14, 2015.
- Rowland Recounts Lessons Learned Hartford Courant, by Valerie Finholm, Courant staff writer July 2, 2006.
- Former Conn. governor makes his first speech after prison by Ray Henry, Associated Press Writer, July 1, 2006, accessed from Web site of the Boston Globe on July 2, 2006.
- Rowland now a homeowner in Middlebury at Boston.com
- A Look Back, And Up: An Ex-Gov. and Ex-Con Reflects on Three Terms In Office and One in Jail, June 16, 2007, Washington Post.
- Rell on Rowland and the Budget Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, June 18, 2007.
- "Rowland Job". Archived from the original on January 25, 2008. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- For Rowland, Second Chance of a Lifetime, by Woody Hochschwender, The New York Times, February 24, 2008.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 4, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "WTIC Airs Rowland's Show Despite Calls To The Contrary". CT News Junkie. April 2014. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- KEATING, CHRISTOPHER. "Rowland Apologizes For Calling Malloy A Pathological Liar". courant.com. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- Dixon, Ken (April 3, 2014). ""You Can't Make This Stuff Up?" Rowland's "personal issues" pile up. He leaves WTIC amid guilty pleas for conspiracy in which he was the alleged third party". Ken Dixon's Blog-O-Rama. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- Mahony, Edmund H.; Lender, Jon. "Foleys Plead Guilty In Campaign Scheme Linked To Rowland". Hartford Courant. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- Weinzel, Richard (September 8, 2014). "Ex-Connecticut Governor Rowland cut phony consulting deal: witness". Reuters. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- Weizel, Richard (September 15, 2014). "Connecticut ex-governor opens defense in campaign law trial". Reuters. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
- Tom Carson, U.S. ATTORNEY'S OFFICE, District of Connecticut (March 18, 2015). "Former Governor Sentenced To 30 Months In Prison For Illegal Activity In Two Congressional Campaigns". justice.gov.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Mahony, Edmund H. "Ex-Governor John Rowland Sentenced To 30 Months In Prison". Hartford Courant. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- "Former Gov. John Rowland released from federal custody". Connecticut Post. May 26, 2018. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- United States Congress. "John G. Rowland (id: R000482)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Patty Rowland reciting her 2003 poem on C-SPAN www
.c-span .org /video /?c4568041%2Fpatty-rowlands-christmas-poem