John Ross House (Rossville, Georgia)
John Ross House
|Location||Lake Ave. and Spring St., Rossville, Georgia|
|Area||5 acres (2.0 ha)|
|Architectural style||Log house|
|NRHP Reference #||73000647|
|Added to NRHP||November 7, 1973|
|Designated NHL||November 7, 1973|
The John Ross House is a historic house at Lake Avenue and Spring Street in Rossville, Georgia. It was the home of the long-serving Cherokee Nation leader John Ross from 1830-1838, after his lands and fine home near the Coosa River had been taken by the state. Ross (1796-1866) led the Cherokee for many years, notably opposing the Cherokee Removal, which he was unable to stop. His house, now owned by a local nonprofit organization, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1973.
Description and history
The John Ross House is located near Rossville's downtown, on the south side of a lane joining Andrew Street and East Lake Avenue. Its location is not original; it was moved a short distance, from a more central downtown location, in the 1960s. The house is a two story log structure, consisting of two log pens flanking a first-floor breezeway, all covered by a low-pitch wood shingle gable roof. The logs are chinked with modern cement. The left pen measures 16 by 16 feet (4.9 m × 4.9 m), and contains one room, as does the larger right pen, which measures 16 by 23 feet (4.9 m × 7.0 m). A single-story log-rail porch extends across the front facade.
The house was built near Missionary Ridge in 1797 by John McDonald, a Scots immigrant to the area who had married a Cherokee woman. The entire area was at the time Cherokee land. McDonald's grandson, John Ross, became chief of the Cherokee in 1828, leading a political faction within the tribe that opposed state and federal taking of the Cherokee lands, and of the Cherokee Removal. Ross was dispossessed of his own home by the state's takeover of those lands in 1830, and moved into the house of his grandfather, living there until 1838. Ross was a leading figure in the adoption of the Cherokee Constitution of 1827, and represented the tribe in its unsuccessful legal efforts to retain its lands.
The city of Rossville, chartered in 1905, is named for John Ross. The Ross House is one of the oldest in the area, having survived the American Civil War, in which it was used as a hospital by both sides. The Chief John Ross House Association was formed in the 1950s to preserve the house, which had fallen into disrepair and was becoming surrounded by commercial development. It was moved in the 1960s to its present parklike setting.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Georgia (U.S. state)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Walker County, Georgia
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "John Ross House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
- Benjamin Levy (March 1, 1973), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: John Ross House (pdf), National Park Service and Accompanying four photos, exterior and interior, from 1972 (32 KB)
- "Walker County". Calhoun Times. 1 September 2004. p. 111. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- "History of Rossville". City of Rossville. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
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