José Andrés

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José Andrés
Jose Andres Puerta 2012 Shankbone.JPG
Andrés at the 2012 Time 100 gala
Born
José Ramón Andrés Puerta

(1969-07-13) 13 July 1969 (age 49)
NationalitySpanish-American[1]
OccupationChef
Children3
AwardsMichelin stars 2/3 stars

José Ramón Andrés Puerta (born 13 July 1969) is a Spanish-American[1] chef often credited with bringing the small plates dining concept to America.[2] He owns restaurants in Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, Las Vegas, South Beach, Florida; Frisco, Texas; Mexico City, and Dorado, Puerto Rico. Andrés is the founder of World Central Kitchen, a non-profit devoted to providing meals in the wake of natural disasters.[3] He was awarded a 2015 National Humanities Medal at a 2016 White House ceremony.[4]

Early life[edit]

José Ramón Andrés Puerta was born on 13 July 1969 in Mieres, Principality of Asturias, Spain.[5]

Culinary career[edit]

Early training[edit]

Andrés enrolled in culinary school in Barcelona at the age of 15, and when he needed to complete his Spanish military service at age 18, he was assigned to cook for an admiral.[6] He met Ferran Adrià in Barcelona, and he worked three years at elBulli, from 1988 to 1990.[7] In December 1990, he was fired by Adrià and decided to move to the United States.[8]

Coming to America[edit]

At the age of 21, Andrés arrived in New York City with $50 to cook in midtown Manhattan at an outpost of a popular Barcelona restaurant, Eldorado Petit. During his time in New York, he also staged at The Quilted Giraffe.[6]

In 1993, he was hired to lead the kitchen at Jaleo, a new tapas restaurant in Washington, D.C. In subsequent years, he helped the owners of Jaleo to open more restaurants: Cafe Atlantico, Zaytinya and Oyamel, along with two more Jaleo outposts.[9]

In 2003, Andrés started minibar at a six-seat counter in Cafe Atlantico, where he served his most creative plates - reservations would fill up a month in advance.[9][6]

Celebrity chef and restaurateur[edit]

As his restaurants in America enjoyed success, Andrés became more famous in his native Spain, starring in his own cooking show, "Vamos a Cocinar", which debuted in 2005.[5] He also published his first book, "Tapas: A Taste of Spain in America," in 2005.[9]

In 2006, he negotiated with Robert Wilder to form ThinkFoodGroup, making Andrés a co-owner in his restaurants.[9] Together, they opened more restaurants in Miami, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, and Puerto Rico.[7]

Beginning in the fall of 2010, Andrés taught a culinary physics course at Harvard University with Ferran Adrià.[10] In May 2012, Andrés was named dean of Spanish Studies at The International Culinary Center, where he and Colman Andrews developed a curriculum in traditional and modern Spanish cuisine, which debuted in February 2013.[11] On 29 October 2012, he announced he was heading back to the classroom, and would teach his first course on how food shapes civilization at George Washington University.[12]

Trump Hotel restaurant and lawsuit[edit]

Andrés planned to open a restaurant in the Trump International Hotel in Washington, DC, in 2016. After Donald Trump made disparaging comments about Mexicans in June 2015, Andrés withdrew from the contract with the Trump Organization, which then sued him.[13] Andrés counter-sued, and the parties reached a settlement in April 2017.[14] Andrés remains an outspoken critic of Trump.[15][16]

World Central Kitchen[edit]

In response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Andrés formed World Central Kitchen which provides healthy food to families and individuals touched by disasters.[17] Since its founding, the NGO has organized meals in the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Zambia, Peru, Cuba, Uganda, and in Cambodia.[3]

In January 2019 Andrés opened a World Central Kitchen on Pennsylvania Ave, Washington DC to feed federal workers that were furloughed during the government shutdown.[18]

Puerto Rico Hurricane Maria response

Andrés emerged as a leader of the disaster relief efforts in Puerto Rico in the wake of Hurricane Maria in 2017. His efforts to provide assistance encountered obstacles from FEMA and government bureaucrats, so instead, "we just started cooking."[19] He organized a grass-roots movement of chefs and volunteers to establish communications, food supplies, and other resources and started serving meals. Andrés and his organization World Central Kitchen (WCK)[20] served more than two million meals in the first month after the hurricane.[21][22][23] WCK received two short term FEMA contracts and served more meals than the Salvation Army or the Red Cross, but its application for longer term support was denied.[24][25]

For his efforts in Puerto Rico, Andrés was named the 2018 Humanitarian of the Year by the James Beard Foundation.[26] He wrote a book about the experience called We Fed an Island: The True Story of Rebuilding Puerto Rico, One Meal at a Time.[27]

Restaurants[edit]

Along with partner Rob Wilder,[28] Andrés owns several restaurants:[29]

Signature restaurants:

  • minibar by José Andrés – Washington, DC – several chefs serve a prix fixe menu of about 25 small courses to six diners at a time. East Coast sister restaurant to é.[30] Received two stars from the DC edition of the Michelin Guide in 2016.[31]
  • é by José Andrés – Las Vegas – several chefs serve a prix fixe menu of about 25 small courses to nine diners at a time. West Coast sister restaurant to minibar.

Other restaurants:

  • America Eats Tavern – Washington, DC & Vienna, Virginia – Traditional American dishes in conjunction with the Foundation for the National Archives.
  • barmini by José Andrés – Washington, DC – Cocktail bar adjacent to minibar.
  • The Bazaar by José Andrés – South Beach, Florida – Spanish tapas featuring unique mixology and culinary experiences
  • Bazaar Meat by José Andrés – Las Vegas – Modern steakhouse located in the SLS Hotel.
  • The Bazaar – Los Angeles and Miami Beach – A combination of traditional Spanish tapas and foods inspired by molecular gastronomy.
  • Bazaar Mar – downtown Miami – Seafood-focused, with extensive raw bar
  • Beefsteak – Washington, DC, Bethesda, Maryland, and Cleveland – Vegetable-focused fast-casual restaurant.
  • China Chilcano – Washington, DC – Chinese, Japanese and Peruvian fusion. Included in Michelin Guide's Bib Gourmand list of exceptional restaurants at moderate prices.[32]
  • China Poblano – Las Vegas – Chinese and Mexican fusion.
  • FishOxon Hill, Maryland, and Paradise Island, Bahamas - Fresh Seafood and Bahamian Food
  • J by José Andrés – Mexico City – Spanish and Mexican cuisine in the W Hotel.
  • Jaleo – Washington, DC, Bethesda, Maryland, Arlington, Virginia, Las Vegas – Traditional Spanish tapas. DC location included in Michelin Guide's Bib Gourmand list of exceptional restaurants at moderate prices.[32]
  • Mi Casa – Dorado, Puerto Rico – Spanish and traditional Puerto Rican cuisine.
A pomegranate Oyamel margarita at Oyamel in Washington, DC
  • Oyamel – Washington, DC – Small plates and antojitos. Included in Michelin Guide's Bib Gourmand list of exceptional restaurants at moderate prices.[32]
  • Pepe – Washington, DC – Food Truck serving Spanish flautas.
  • Somni at The Bazaar – Los Angeles – Small dining room inside The Bazaar specializing in foods inspired by molecular gastronomy. Replaces SAAM, which was previously at this location. Only 10 diners at a time with two seatings per night.
  • Tres by José Andrés – Los Angeles – Lobby restaurant located in the SLS Hotel.
  • Zaytinya – Washington, DC, and Frisco, Texas – Small plates of food from the Mediterranean regions of Greece, Turkey, and Lebanon. Included in Michelin Guide's Bib Gourmand list of exceptional restaurants at moderate prices.[32]

Personal life[edit]

Andrés is married to Patricia Fernandez and has three daughters; they live in Bethesda, Maryland, United States.[33][34][35] He became a naturalized U.S. citizen in December 2013.[1]

Awards and honors[edit]

Awards and prizes
Media Honors
Honorary degrees
Nominations
  • In 2015, Andrés was appointed by President Barack Obama as an ambassador for citizenship and naturalization.[50]
  • In 2018, Andrés was named a Nobel Peace Prize nominee for his humanitarian work.[51]

Filmography[edit]

Date Title Type Role Notes
2005–2007 Vamos a cocinar Television producer and host Vamos a cocinar, a food program on Televisión Española.[citation needed]
2007 Iron Chef America Television Chef defeated Bobby Flay.[52]
2008 Made in Spain Television a 26-part series for public television.[53]
2008 Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations Television Chef Washington, DC episode.[54]
2010 Top Chef Television Guest judge season 7, episode 8: foreign affair.[55]
2013 The Taste Television Guest judge, mentor [56]
2013 Hannibal Television culinary consultant [57]
2018 Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown Television Chef season 12, episode 2, filmed in Asturias, Spain[58]

Bibliography[edit]

  • André, José (2007). Vamos a Cocinar (in Spanish). Planeta Pub Corp. ISBN 8408070363. – a book based on his Spanish cooking show Vamos a cocinar.
  • Andrés, José; Wolffe, Richard (November 2008). Made in Spain: Spanish Dishes for the American Kitchen. Clarkson Potter. ISBN 978-0-307-38263-4.
  • Andrés, José; Wolffe, Richard (November 2005). Tapas: A Taste Of Spain In America. Clarkson Potter. ISBN 978-1-4000-5359-9. - a cookbook on tapas and Spanish cuisine
  • Andrés, José; Wolffe, Richard (2018). We Fed an Island: The True Story of Rebuilding Puerto Rico, One Meal at a Time. Anthony Bourdain/Ecco. ISBN 0062864483. - after Hurricane Maria in 2017, Chef José Andrés had a "crazy dream" to feed Puerto Rico.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Roxanne Roberts (14 November 2013). "Jose Andres becomes a U.S. citizen after 23 years in the country". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
  2. ^ McLaughlin, Katy (10 December 2009). "Restaurant of the Future?". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  3. ^ a b "José Andrés's World Central Kitchen, Explained". Eater. Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  4. ^ "President Obama to Award 2015 National Humanities Medals". National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH).
  5. ^ a b Gallego Espina, Jose (30 October 2016). "José Andrés: "No creo que abra un restaurante en España. Allí voy a disfrutar"". El Español (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  6. ^ a b c Ruhlman, Michael (Fall 2016). "José Andrés". Humanities. National Endowment for the Humanities. 37 (4).
  7. ^ a b "All about Chef José Andrés". explorelasvegas.com. Retrieved 23 November 2018. He started his culinary career when he interned at the world-famous El Bulli Restaurant in Catalonia, Spain with friend, mentor, and equally-famous Ferran Adrià. He worked in El Bulli for three years from 1988 to 1990.
  8. ^ Andrés, José (October 12, 2011). "José Andrés on Getting Fired from El Bulli". Newsweek.
  9. ^ a b c d Black, Jane (January 2, 2008). "Ready, Set, Jose!". The Washington Post.
  10. ^ Black, Jane (24 March 2010). "Foam 101? Chefs Andrés, Adrià will teach at Harvard". Washington Post.
  11. ^ Forbes, Paula (2 May 2012). "José Andrés Now the Dean of Spanish Studies at ICC". Eater.com.
  12. ^ "Chef Jose Andres to Teach Class on Power of Fo". The New York Times. 20 October 2012. (dead link 18 September 2018)
  13. ^ O'Connell, Jonathan (29 April 2016). "Donald Trump, José Andrés and the death of a grand Washington restaurant". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  14. ^ O'Connell, Jonathan (7 April 2017). "Trump Organization settles restaurant suit with chef José Andrés". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  15. ^ Hatic, Dana (27 December 2017). "Every Time José Andrés Took Aim at Trump in 2017". Eater. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  16. ^ Judkis, Maura (8 January 2018). "José Andrés offers to buy lunch for winners of Trump's 'Fake News Awards'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  17. ^ "World Central Kitchen serves up 55K meals". Malibu Surfside News. 22nd Century Media LLC. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Chef José Andrés will serve free meals daily to furloughed federal workers in Washington". CNN.
  19. ^ Andrés, Jose (September 11, 2018). We fed an island : the true story of rebuilding Puerto Rico, one meal at a time. Anthony Bourdain/Ecco. p. 124. ISBN 978-0062864482.
  20. ^ "The Story of World Central Kitchen, the Nonprofit Serving Millions of Meals to Puerto Rico".
  21. ^ "'The American Government Has Failed.' José Andrés Slams Puerto Rico Response". Time.
  22. ^ Carman, Tim (18 October 2017). "After Maria, José Andrés and his team have prepared more hot meals in Puerto Rico than the Red Cross". Washington Post. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  23. ^ "He fed 2 million Puerto Ricans. Now this celebrity chef is being called a hero".
  24. ^ "José Andrés Fed Puerto Rico, and May Change How Aid Is Given".
  25. ^ Gajanan, Mahita (October 16, 2017). "'The American Government Has Failed.' Celebrity Chef José Andrés Slams FEMA's Puerto Rico Response". TIME Magazine.
  26. ^ a b Carman, Tim (February 21, 2018). "Beard Foundation names José Andrés Humanitarian of the Year following a turbulent year for chefs". The Washington Post.
  27. ^ Carman, Tim (September 6, 2018). "José Andrés's riveting 'We Fed an Island' calls for a revolution in disaster relief". Washington Post.
  28. ^ "China Poblano - About José Andrés". Retrieved 19 April 2013.
  29. ^ "ThinkFooodGroup - Restaurants". Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  30. ^ "Minibar Restaurant Website". Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  31. ^ Sidman, Jessica. "12 DC Restaurants Earn Michelin Stars". Washingtonian. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  32. ^ a b c d Judkis, Maura. "Michelin announces its first D.C. honors: the Bib Gourmand list of affordable restaurants". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  33. ^ "José Andrés". SBE. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  34. ^ "How Chef José Andrés Turns Impulsiveness Into An Asset". Fast Company. 10 April 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  35. ^ "Where Chef José Andrés Kicks Back". The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2018. José Andrés modern Bethesda, Maryland home.
  36. ^ "Restaurant and Chef Awards". James Beard Foundation. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  37. ^ a b "Chefs: Jose Andres". PBS Foods. 2010. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  38. ^ "Spain to honor DC's celebrity chef Jose Andres". Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  39. ^ "All We Can Eat – Jose Andres wins culinary arts prize". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  40. ^ "Jose Andres wins James Beard award". The Washington Post. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  41. ^ "President Obama to Award 2015 National Humanities Medals". National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH).
  42. ^ Krystal, Becky (March 5, 2017). "Chef José Andrés, PBS star Vivian Howard honored by culinary professionals". The Washington Post.
  43. ^ "Chef of the Year Bon Appetit 2004". Archived from the original on 26 June 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  44. ^ Richman, Alan (December 2009). "Chef of the Year: The Bazaar World of José Andrés". GQ Magazine. pp. 280–307.
  45. ^ "Jose Andres – 2012 TIME 100: The Most Influential People in the World". Time. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  46. ^ Dash, Julekha (October 13, 2016). "D.C.'s first Michelin stars announced". USA Today.
  47. ^ Emeril Lagasse (2018). "José Andrés is on the 2018 TIME 100 List". Time. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  48. ^ "World-Renowned Chef José Andrés to Deliver Commencement Address". 19 March 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  49. ^ Cain, Jacqueline (29 March 2018). "José Andrés Is Getting an Honorary Public Service Degree from Tufts". Boston Magazine. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  50. ^ Fernandez Campbell, Alexia. "Celebrity Chef José Andrés Urges Immigrants to Become Citizens". The Atlantic.
  51. ^ Rense, Sarah (27 November 2018). "José Andrés, Who Battled Trump and Fed Millions of Disaster Survivors, Is Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize". Esquire. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  52. ^ Parrish, Marlene (23 May 2007). "Dish: Jose vs. Flay". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
  53. ^ "Made in Spain".
  54. ^ "THINKfoodGROUP's Rob Wilder Discusses the Minibar's Future".
  55. ^ "Top Chef Season 7 – Episode 8: Foreign Affairs". 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
  56. ^ Maura Judkis (13 March 2013). "Jose Andres appeared on ABC's 'The Taste'". The Washington Post.
  57. ^ Alan Sepinwall (19 June 2013). "'Hannibal' producer Bryan Fuller on cannibal cuisine, renewal and more". HitFix.
  58. ^ "Recapping 'Parts Unknown: Asturias'". Eater. 30 September 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.

External links[edit]