Khaled (musician)

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Khaled
خالد حاج إبراهيم
Cheb Khaled performing in Oran in July 2011
Khaled performing in Oran in July 2011
Background information
Birth nameKhaled Hadj Brahim
Also known asKing of Raï
Cheb Khaled
Born (1960-02-29) 29 February 1960 (age 60)
Oran, Algeria
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • singer
Instruments
Years active1984–present
LabelsUniversal Music

Khaled Hadj Ibrahim (Arabic: خالد حاج إبراهيم‎, born 29 February 1960), better known by his mononym Khaled (Arabic: خالد‎, pronounced [ˈxaːled]), is an Algerian musician, singer and songwriter born in Oran, Algeria. He began recording in his early teens under the name Cheb Khaled (الشاب خالد, Arabic for "Young" Khaled, as opposed to the traditionalist Sheikh elders). He was crowned "King of Raï" in the first rai festival in Oran and has since become the world’s best-known Arab singer.[2] His most famous songs are "Didi",“El Arbi”, "Aïcha" and "C'est la vie" as well as "Alech Taadi", which was prominently featured in the 1997 film The Fifth Element.[3]

Biography[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Khaled Hadj Brahim was born in 1960 in Oran's Eckmühl neighborhood, Algeria.[4][5]

On 12 January 1995, Khaled married Samira Diabi, 27, with whom he has four daughters and one son.

In 1997, his wife filed a complaint against him for domestic violence, before retracting.[6][7]

In 1998, the documentary Khaled: Derrière le sourire was produced, recounting his life.

Khaled has an illegitimate son with whom he has no contact. Before a court in 2001, he denied being the father of the child, continuing to claim that he had been "deceived".[8][9] On May 7, 2001, Khaled was sentenced by the Nanterre criminal court to a two-month suspended prison sentence for "family desertion".[10] His move to Luxembourg in 2008, where he's been residing ever since, has reportedly been motivated by these charges.[11]

He was awarded Moroccan citizenship in August 2013,[12] which he didn't ask for but accepted because he felt he could not refuse.[13]

On April 3, 2015, Khaled was convicted for plagiarism of Didi, from Angui ou Selmi, a musical composition recorded by Cheb Rabah (born Rabah Zerradine) in 1988.[14][15][16] But on May 13, 2016, Court of Cassation removed the charges against Khaled, when a 1982 audio tape with the song was shown. This tape was recorded by Khaled and given to a producer located in Oran, 6 years before Cheb Rabah's record. In the end, Rabah had to compensate Khaled for the fees during this case.[17]

Musical career[edit]

At the age of 14, he founded the Cinq Étoiles (Five Stars) band and started performing in nightclubs and at weddings. In the 1980s, Khaled started producing and singing songs in the Raï genre.

His rise to national fame was mainly due to the efforts of Lieutenant-Colonel Hosni Snoussi, director of the state-supported arts and culture Office Riadh el Feth, who took Khaled under his wing and invited him along with other rai stars to perform at the state-sponsored Festival de la Jeunesse pour la Fête Nationale in Algiers in July 1985.[11][2] In the same year, he was crowned king of rai in the first official festival of rai which was staged in Oran.[18]

Hosni Snoussi and Martin Meissonnier, who met at the Festival, convinced France’s Minister of Culture Jack Lang that the export of rai from Algeria to France was in the French government’s interest and together they organized the first rai festival in France at Bobigny in 1986. Cheb Khaled, who had been avoiding his mandatory military service, was able to perform at Bobigny only after Colonel Snoussi intervened with the Algerian military authorities to secure him a passport.[11][2] Shortly thereafter, Snoussi arranged for Cheb Khaled to record in France, with funding from the Office Riadh el Feth. The album, Kutché, released in 1988, a collaboration between Khaled and the Algerian jazz musician Safy Boutella, expanded his reputation in France, where he soon settled.[11]

In 1992, having dropped the "Cheb" from his performance name, he recorded Khaled, which was produced by Don Was. The album's first single Didi, which was a major hit in Europe, the Arab World, and in South and East Asia, made him an international superstar.[11]

International audience[edit]

Cheb Khaled performing at the 7th annual Concert for Tolerance in Agadir (2012).

Khaled's signature song, the 1993 hit "Didi", became extremely popular in the Arabic-speaking countries and also in several other continents, including Europe, where it entered top charts in France, Belgium and Spain, and in Asia, including India and Pakistan. The song was also used in a Bollywood films Shreeman Aashiq and Airlift and a Mollywood film titled Highway. Khaled and producer Don Was appeared on The Tonight Show on 4 February 1993.[19] The latter track, which saw heavy rotation on MTV Europe, climbed to fourth on the charts in Germany. Known as the "King of Rai", Khaled is a winner of numerous awards, and has sold over 80.5 million albums worldwide including 10 diamond, platinum, and gold albums. In 2010 he performed Didi at the opening ceremony of the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, making him one of the best selling Arabic language artists in history. Khaled's music also experienced great popularity in Brazil, on the late 1990s and early 2000s, greatly due to the usage of some of his songs in TV shows. In 2012 Khaled's album C’est la vie sold more than one million copies in the European market alone after only two months and sold 2.2 million copies in the Middle East and North Africa, as well as 200,000 in the United States, for an estimated 4.6 million worldwide sales. With a record million downloads of the hit single "C'est la vie" on European and Canadian iTunes, the album reached number 5 on the Billboard top France Songs. The album contains a message of tolerance, love and peace. Khaled tried to convey what Algerian immigrants suffer in Europe through the album and believes this is the reason behind the album's huge commercial success. C’est la vie was Khaled's first album after a five-year break from recording during 2011 presidential elections in France and the Arab Spring.

Discography[edit]

This discography does not include a number of albums released on cassette in Algeria early in his career, and several bootleg/unofficial albums.

Studio albums[edit]

Year Album Charts Certification
BEL
(Fl)
BEL
(Wa)
FRA
[20]
NED SWI
1974 Trig lycee
1978 Nenssa Souad
1983 Der Ghalta
1985 Khoude K'rak
1988 Kutché (with Safy Boutella)
1992 Khaled
1993 N'ssi N'ssi
1996 Sahra 24 7 3 33 26
1999 Kenza 49 57
2004 Ya-Rayi 41 52 70
2009 Liberté 95 51
2012 C'est la vie 27 18 96
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released

Live albums[edit]

Solo
Year Album Charts Certification
BEL
(Fl)
BEL
(Wa)
FRA
[20]
1998 Hafla 28 29
Collaboration
Year Album Charts Certification
BEL
(Fl)
BEL
(Wa)
FRA
[20]
1999 1, 2, 3 Soleils
(credited to Taha / Khaled / Faudel)
14 4

Compilation albums[edit]

  • 1988: Ya Taleb
  • 1991: Le Meilleur de Cheb Khaled
  • 1993: S'hab El Baroud
  • 1994: Le Meilleur de Cheb Khaled 2
  • 1994: Kaisse Wa Laila
  • 2005: Forever King
  • 2005: Spirit of Rai
  • 2005: Les Années Rai
  • 2006: Salou Ala Nabi
  • 2006: Maghreb Soul - Cheb Khaled Story 1986–1990
  • 2006: Anajit Anajit
  • 2007: Best of Khaled
  • 2009: Rebel of Raï - The Early Years
  • 2010: Cheb Khaled - Double Best

Singles[edit]

Year Single Peak chart positions Album
AUT BEL
(Fl)
BEL
(Wa)
FRA
[20]
GER NED SWE
[21]
SWI
1988 "Chebba" / "Baroud"
(Cheb Khaled & Safy Boutella)
23 25 1 88 5 7 11 Kutché
"Le Camel"
(Cheb Khaled & Safy Boutella)
1992 "Didi" 9 29 30 Khaled
"Ne m'en voulez pas"
"Mauvais sang"
1993 "Serbi Serbi" 50 N'ssi N'ssi
"Chebba"
1994 "N'ssi N'ssi"
1995 "Bakhta"
1996 "Aïcha" 25 1 1 33 14 11 Sahra
1997 "Ouelli El Darek" 33 45 23 12 10 66
"La poupée qui fait non (live)"
(Mylène Farmer & Khaled)
5 6 Mylène Farmer's album
Live à Bercy
"Le jour viendra" 12 24 14 36 Sahra
"Lillah"
1998 "Abdel Kader (Live à Bercy)"
(Taha / Khaled / Faudel)
36 6 Joint album 1, 2, 3 Soleils
by Taha / Khaled / Faudel
Original by Khaled alone
in his album N'ssi N'ssi
1999 "Comme d'habitude"
(Taha / Khaled / Faudel)
40 40 Joint album 1, 2, 3 Soleils
by Taha / Khaled / Faudel
"C'est la nuit" 35 29 Kenza
2000 "El harba wine"
(feat. Amar)
20
"Les ennemis (el Aâdyene)"
(Khaled vs. Fonky Family)
63 Single only
2001 "Wana wana" 97
2004 "Ya-Rayi" 12 11 36 25 80 Ya-Rayi
"Zine Zina" 12 22 18 58 12 23
2007 "La terre a tremblé" Best of Khaled
2009 "Même pas fatigué !!!"
(Magic System & Khaled)
10 1 49 Non-album release
"Papa"
(cover of Blaoui Houari)
Liberté
2012 "C'est la vie" 5 5 4 92 34 33 C'est la vie
"Hya hya"
(feat. Pitbull)
"Dima Labess"
(featuring Mazagan)
2016 "Wahda Be Wahda" TBA
2018 "Mirage"

(feat Soolking)

74 Fruit du démon
2019 "Maghreb Gang"

(feat French Montana,Farid Bang)

7 4 6 Non-album release
2020 "Delali"

(feat Gashi (rapper)"

Non-album release
Featured (charting hits only)
Year Single Charts Album
BEL
(Fl)
BEL
(Wa)
FRA NED SWI
2006 "Henna"[22]
(Cameron Cartio feat. Khaled)
86 9 Cameron Cartio's album
Borderless

Appearances and featured in[edit]

Year Song Main artist Album
1990 "Be Not Afraid" The Blow Monkeys Springtime for the World
1992 "Amdyaz" Hector Zazou Sahara Blue
1995 "Revolution, Revolutions"
"ElDorado" (UNESCO official anthem)
Jean Michel Jarre Concert Pour La Tolerance
"Didi" (with Johnny Clegg) Various Artists Duos Taratata
"Kebou"
"N'ssi N'ssi"
"Chebba"
Various Artists Going Global Series Voila
"Numb (Gimme Some More Dignity mix)" U2 Melon: Remixes for Propaganda
1997 "La poupée qui fait non" Mylène Farmer Live à Bercy
"Chanson du herisson" Various Artists Emilie Jolie
"Koubou Koubou" Various Artists The Rough Guide to the Music of North Africa
"Mâardi" Various Artists Sol En Si (Solidarité Enfants Sida)
1998 "Ensemble (Understand)"
"Crimes"
Alan Stivell 1 Douar
"Oasis de los Dioses" Ketama Konfusion
1999 "Bladi" Freeman (feat.
K-Rhyme Le Roi & Khaled)
L'palais de justice
"¡Oh Madre!" Tekameli Ida y Vuelta
"Albey" Amr Diab Amarain
2000 "L'aziza" Various Artists Balavoine Hommages ...
"Time for a Change" Various Artists
(The Rapsody feat. MC Lyte
& DaNaCeE & Khaled)
The Rapsody
"Emmenez-moi" Les Enfoirés XXème siècle
"Le rêve de mon père" Kertra Labyrinthe
2001 "Aich Rebel Sun" Various Artists Big Men, Raï Meets Reggae
2002 Ojos de la Alhambra
(Eyes of the Alhamra)
Vincente Amigo Ciudad de los Ideas
(City of Ideas)
"Saludo A Chango" Compay Segundo Duets
2004 "Agir Réagir" Various Artists Agir Réagir
"Retour aux sources" Kore & Skalp Raï'N'B Fever
"L'enfant du pays" Rim'K L'enfant du pays
"Love to the people" Carlos Santana Non-album single[23]
"Dance with me" Enzo Avitabile & Bottari Save the World
2005 "Henna" Cameron Cartio Borderless
2006 "Mas and Louly" Diana Haddad Diana 2006
"Face à la mer"
(recorded in 1992)
Les Négresses Vertes À l'affiche (Best of),
"El Marsem" Enrique Morente Morente sueña la Alhambra (DVD)
2007 "Benthi" Mélissa Taxi 4
"Bilovengo"
"Erjaii ya alf leila"
Bratsch Plein du monde
"Salamo Alaykom" Andy, Hakim Airport
2010 "Citizens of the World" Flying Machines, King Sunny Adé,
Kailash Kher, Cheng Lin
Citizens of the World
2012 "Mazal Wakfin" Warda Al-Jazairia,Baaziz single
"L'Oriental" Enrico Macias Venez tous mes amis![24]
2013 "El Baraka" Rim'K,Cheba Zahouania Non-album single
"Larosa" Medina Sista Minuten[25]
2014 "Shage3 7elmak-World cup 2014 Nancy Ajram Non-album single[26]
2018 "We Enta Maaya" Tamer Hosny Eish Besho'ak[27]
"Mirage" Soolking Fruit du démon
2019 "Salama So Good" Andy Non-album single[28]
2019 "Maghreb Gang" Farid Bang, French Montana Non-album single

Soundtracks[edit]

Year Soundtrack song Film
1993 "Ragda"
"Mauvais Sang"
"Kebou"
"Les ailes"
"Alech Taadi"
"Bakhta"
1, 2, 3, Sun
(French: Un, deux, trois, soleil)
"Didi" Caro diario
1995 "Didi" L' Âge des possibles
"Didi" Highway (1995)
"Les Ailes" Party Girl
1997 "Wahrane Wahrane"
"Cameleons" (with Cheb Mami)
100% Arabica
"Alech taadi" The Fifth Element
(featured in film, but not released on soundtrack album)
1999 "El Arbi" Vila Madalena soap opera
2000 "Wana wana aamel eih"
"Dour biha ya chibani"
Origine contrôlée
2002 "Ragda" The Truth About Charlie
"Minuit" The Good Thief
2004 De l'autre côté
2006 "Ya Dzayer"
"Mort de Messaoud"
"Nostalgie"
"Sur la tombe"
"El Babour"
Indigènes (Days of Glory)
2007 "Benthi" (feat. Mélissa M) Taxi 4
2012 "Wahran Wahran" The Dictator

Filmography[edit]

Awards[edit]

Below is a chronological list of awards won by Khaled

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gallucci, Michael. "Khaled – Kenza". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Swedenburg, Ted (10 September 2010). "Khaled and the myth of rai". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  3. ^ Dr Christine Cornea (6 June 2007). Science Fiction Cinema. Edinburgh University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-7486-2870-4.
  4. ^ "Bio raï", Libération
  5. ^ Dictionary of African Biography: Abach - Brand. Oxford University Press. 2012. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-19-538207-5.
    Andy Gregory (2002). The International Who's Who in Popular Music 2002. Psychology Press. p. 276. ISBN 978-1-85743-161-2.
    Donald Clarke (1998). The Penguin encyclopedia of popular music. Penguin Books. p. 960.
    Steve Sullivan (17 May 2017). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 692. ISBN 978-1-4422-5449-7.
  6. ^ JDD, Le (30 March 2009). "Khaled proclame sa Liberté". lejdd.fr (in French). Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Khaled traîné devant le juge par sa femme". Libération.fr (in French). 14 June 1997. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  8. ^ "VIDEO. Le fils caché de Khaled : «Je suis né d'un père trop connu»". leparisien.fr (in French). 13 November 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  9. ^ "VIDEO. Le fils caché de Cheb Khaled : "Je voudrais juste qu'il vienne me parler cinq minutes" :Algerie Focus France". Algerie Focus (in French). 13 November 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  10. ^ "Deux mois de prison avec sursis pour Khaled". leparisien.fr (in French). 7 May 2001. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d e Emmanuel Kwaku Akyeampong; Henry Louis Gates; Mr. Steven J. Niven (2 February 2012). Dictionary of African Biography. OUP USA. p. 349. ISBN 978-0-19-538207-5.
  12. ^ "Decret royal sur le bulletin officiel" (PDF). Sgg.gov.ma. p. 2321. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  13. ^ "Khaled, remis sur ses raï - Libération". Liberation.fr. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  14. ^ "à propos de sa chanson à succès Didi : Khaled condamné pour plagiat". El Watan. Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  15. ^ "Raï : Khaled condamné pour plagiat pour son tube " Didi "". Le Monde. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  16. ^ ""Didi" : comparez la version de Khaled et l'originale de Rabah". Nouvel Obs. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Didi : la justice donne raison à Khaled". FIGARO (in French). 17 May 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  18. ^ Frederick Dorian; Orla Duane; James McConnachie (1999). World Music: Africa, Europe and the Middle East. Rough Guides. p. 420. ISBN 978-1-85828-635-8.
  19. ^ "Today's TV Tips". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 4 February 1993.
  20. ^ a b c d Steffen Hung. "Discographie Khaled". lescharts.com. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  21. ^ Steffen Hung. "Discography Khaled". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  22. ^ Steffen Hung. "Cameron feat. Khaled - Henna". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  23. ^ eMinor. "Cheb Khaled Ft. Carlos Santana - Love The People - Mi5 Financed Production | Mi5 Recordings Universal Music Group". ReverbNation. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Venez tous mes amis!", Wikipedia, 20 March 2020, retrieved 31 March 2020
  25. ^ Larosa (feat. Cheb Khaled), retrieved 31 March 2020
  26. ^ كوكاكولا مصر - شجع حلمك - كأس العالم ٢٠١٤(مع نانسي عجرم & شاب خالد) | Play on Anghami, retrieved 31 March 2020
  27. ^ We Enta Maaya, retrieved 31 March 2020
  28. ^ "Khaled & Andy - Salama So Good". Facebook. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  29. ^ Https: www.britannica.com/biography/Khaled, Les Editors, editor. "Khaled." ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA, Inconu, 5 Apr. 2018. Accessed 17 Dec. 2019.

External links[edit]