Kilimanjaro Region

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Kilimanjaro
Uhuru Peak Mt. Kilimanjaro 1.JPG
Materuni Falls, Uru mashariki.jpg
View of west Kiusa Ward, Moshi.jpg
From top to bottom:
Uhuru Peak, Materuni falls and Moshi City at Night
Nickname(s): 
The roof of Africa
Location in Tanzania
Location in Tanzania
Coordinates: 4°8′1.32″S 37°48′31.68″E / 4.1337000°S 37.8088000°E / -4.1337000; 37.8088000Coordinates: 4°8′1.32″S 37°48′31.68″E / 4.1337000°S 37.8088000°E / -4.1337000; 37.8088000
Country Tanzania
ZoneNorthern
Named forMount Kilimanjaro
CapitalMoshi
Districts
Area
 • Total13,250 km2 (5,120 sq mi)
 • Rank24th of 31
Highest elevation5,895 m (19,341 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total1,640,087
 • Rank13th of 31
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Kilimanjaran
Ethnic groups
 • SettlerSwahili
 • NativeChaga. Ngasa & Pare
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Postcode
25xxx
Area code(s)027
ISO 3166 codeTZ-09
HDI (2018)0.613[1]
medium · 3rd
Websitewww.kilimanjaro.go.tz
Symbols
Mammal
Panthera pardus close up.jpg
Leopard
Bird
Scarlet chested sunbird.jpg
Scarlet Tufted Malachite Sunbird
Fish
Oreochromis hunteri.jpg
Lake Chala tilapia
Butterfly
Papilio sjoestedti Aurivillius, 1908.JPG
Kilimanjaro Swallowtail
Tree
Cordia africana00.jpg
Cordia africana
Mineral
Aquamarine P1000141.JPG
Aquamarine

Kilimanjaro Region (Mkoa wa Kilimanjaro in Swahili) is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions.[2] The regional capital and largest city is the municipality of Moshi. With a HDI of 0.613, Kilimajaro is one among the most developed regions of Tanzania. According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 1,640,087, which was lower than the pre-census projection of 1,702,207.[3]: page 2  For 2002-2012, the region's 1.8 percent average annual population growth rate was the 24th highest in the country.[3]: page 4  It was also the eighth most densely populated region with 124 people per square kilometer.[3]: page 6 

The region forms part of the Northern Tourism Circuit in Tanzania. It is home to the Kilimanjaro National Park (which contains Mount Kilimanjaro), the Mkomazi National Park, the Pare Mountains, Lake Jipe and Lake Chala. The region is bordered to the north and east by Kenya, to the south by the Tanga Region, to the southwest by the Manyara Region, and to the west by the Arusha Region.

Districts[edit]

The region is administratively divided into six districts. Each district has one local government council except Moshi District which has two, one of which serves as the capital of the region.

Districts of Kilimanjaro Region
Map with main roads in green District Population
(2012 Census)
Population
(2017 Estimates)[4]
Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.svg
Moshi District 466,737 509,431
Moshi Municipal 184,292 201,150
Hai District 210,533 229,791
Siha District 116,313 126,953
Rombo District 260,963 284,834
Mwanga District 131,442 143,466
Same District 269,807 294,487
Total 1,640,087 1,790,113

History[edit]

Kilimanjaro region was officially established in 1963 with two districts: Kilimanjaro and Pare. The region was part of the Northern Province in the pre-independence Tanganyika. Northern Province’s districts included Arusha and Mbulu, while Pare District was a part of Tanga Province.[5]

Of the region's six districts, four traditionally had Chagga settlements, which are Hai District, Moshi District, Rombo District, and Siha District. The other two, Mwanga District and Same District, have historically included Pare settlements. However, during colonial rule in the late 19th century to the middle of the 20th century, the region was divided into two main districts: Moshi district, which was composed of all the areas settled by the Chagga people on the slopes of the mountain, and Pare district, which was a Pare tribe settlement. The region, from earlier times, had been settled by the people collectively called the Chagga, the Maasai, Wakwavi, and Waarusha (in the lower parts of Mount Kilimanjaro), and the Pare on the Pare mountains. These have been intermingling, trading, and even fighting from time to time for various socio-political reasons. Later, other tribes also migrated to the area.

Geology[edit]

Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro lies on a tectonic plate line intersection 80 kilometres (50 mi) east of the tectonically active Rift Valley. The activity that created this stratovolcano dates back less than a million years. Steam and sulphur fumaroles here are indicative of residual activity.

At one stage, most of the summit of Kilimanjaro was covered by an ice cap, probably more than 100 metres (330 ft) deep. Glaciers extended well down the mountain forming moraine ridges, clearly visible now on the southern flanks down to about 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). At present only a small fraction of the glacial cover remains.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  2. ^ https://www.tcra.go.tz/images/documents/postcode/kilimanjaro.pdf[dead link]
  3. ^ a b c Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Archived 2013-06-12 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Tanzania Population by Regions" (PDF). www.nbs.go.tz. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  5. ^ "Historia ya Mkoa | Kilimanjaro Region". www.kilimanjaro.go.tz. Retrieved 2019-03-23.

External links[edit]