Kilimanjaro Region

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Kilimanjaro Region
Mkoa wa Kilimanjaro  (Swahili)
An elephant passing by the north side of Mount Kilimanjaro, in Kenya
An elephant passing by the north side of Mount Kilimanjaro, in Kenya
Location in Tanzania
Location in Tanzania
Country Tanzania
Zone Northern
Capital Moshi
 • Regional Commissioner Ms Anna Mghwira
 • Total 13,250 km2 (5,120 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,640,087
 • Density 120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
Postcode 25xxx
Area code(s) 027

Kilimanjaro Region is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions with a postcode number 25000 [1]. The regional capital is the municipality of Moshi. According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 1,640,087, which was lower than the pre-census projection of 1,702,207.[2]:page 2 For 2002-2012, the region's 1.8 percent average annual population growth rate was the 24th highest in the country.[2]:page 4 It was also the eighth most densely populated region with 124 people per square kilometer.[2]:page 6

The region is home to a portion of Kilimanjaro National Park. The region is bordered to the north and east by Kenya, to the south by the Tanga Region, to the southwest by the Manyara Region, and to the west by the Arusha Region.


The region is administratively divided into seven districts:

Districts of Kilimanjaro Region
Map with main roads in green District Population (2012 Census)
Hai 210,533
Moshi Rural 466,737
Moshi Municipal 184,292
Mwanga 131,442
Rombo 260,963
Same 269,807
Siha 116,313
Total 1,640,087


The Kilimanjaro Region borrowed its name from the tallest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro.

Of the region's seven districts, five traditionally had Chagga settlements, which are Hai District Council, Moshi Municipal Council, Moshi District Council, Rombo District Council, and Siha District Council. The other two, Mwanga District Council and Same District Council, have historically included Pare settlements. However, during colonial rule in the late 19th century to the middle of the 20th century, the region was divided into two main districts: Moshi district, which was composed of all the areas settled by the Chagga people on the slopes of the mountain, and Pare district, which was a Pare tribe settlement. The region, from earlier times, had been settled by the people collectively called the Chagga, the Maasai, Wakwavi, and Waarusha (in the lower parts of Mount Kilimanjaro), and the Pare on the Pare mountains. These have been intermingling, trading, and even fighting from time to time for various socio-political reasons. Later, other tribes also migrated to the area.


The snowcapped Uhuru Peak

Mount Kilimanjaro lies on a tectonic plate line intersection 80 kilometres (50 mi) east of the tectonically active Rift Valley. The activity that created this stratovolcano dates back less than a million years. Steam and sulphur fumaroles here are indicative of residual activity.

At one stage, most of the summit of Kilimanjaro was covered by an ice cap, probably more than 100 metres (330 ft) deep. Glaciers extended well down the mountain forming moraine ridges, clearly visible now on the southern flanks down to about 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). At present only a small fraction of the glacial cover remains.

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