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Kim Jwa-geun

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Kim Jwa-geun
Chief State Councillor
In office
20 October 1863 – 23 May 1864
Preceded byJeong Won-yong
Succeeded byCho Doo-sun
In office
3 April 1853 – 14 February 1859
Preceded byKim Heung-geun
Succeeded byJeong Won-yong
Right State Councillor
In office
13 June 1852 – 3 April 1853
Preceded byYi Heon-gu
Succeeded byCho Doo-sun
Personal details
Died5 June 1869(1869-06-05) (aged 71–72)

Kim Jwa-geun (Korean김좌근; Hanja金左根; 1797 – 5 June 1869) was a Korean political figure from the Andong Kim clan, who held a number of high-ranking government positions in the late Joseon period, including Chief State Councillor at King Cheoljong's court.[1] He was the younger brother of Queen Sunwon.



Kim Jwa-geun was born in 1797, as a member of the Andong Kim clan (신 안동 김씨; 新 安東 金氏). His father was Kim Jo-sun and his mother was Lady Shim of Cheongsong. He was the fourth child of seven children.

In 1802, his older sister became the Queen of Joseon at the age of 13, when she married King Sunjo during his second year of reign.[citation needed]

In 1825, at the recommendation of his father, Kim served as a vice-deputy of Mupomgwanik, and in 1834 was promoted to the position of Cheomjong. In the second year of King Cheoljong's reign, he was appointed to several important positions. On February 25, 1853, he was appointed as Chief State Councillor, and though he attempted to resign, he was not allowed to until April 19, 1862. However, in September 1863, he was ordered to "return as chief minister".[citation needed] In 1862, he served as governor while Lee Jeong-cheong was trying to quell the Imsul Peasant Revolt, which was arising from the disturbance of Samjeong.

Until her death, on September 21, 1857, his older sister, Queen Sunwon, who has served as Queen Regent two times, had given immense political influence to the Andong Kim clan, which was the central figure in politics up until 1863 to 1864, when Heungseon Daewongun, with the help of Queen Sinjeong, stepped in during the regency of his son, King Gojong. When Gojong became King and Heungseon Daewongun came to power, Kim Jwa-geun withdrew from the position of Chief State Councillor, but continued to participate in government affairs. Together with his adoptive son, Kim Byeong-gi, he helped Heungseon Daewongun in his regency, since he had difficulty in maintaining the affairs of the state as he came from a distant royal line.[citation needed]

When he died in 1869, he was given the posthumous title of Chungik (충익; 忠翼).

In 1990, the descendants of his adopted son donated the house where Kim Jwa-geun and his family had lived to the Seoul National University.[2]


  • Father
    • Kim Jo-sun, Internal Prince Yeongan (김조순 영안부원군; 金祖淳 永安府院君; 1765–1832)
  • Mother
    • Internal Princess Consort Cheongyang of the Cheongsong Shim clan (청양부부인 심씨; 靑陽府夫人 沈氏; 1766–1828)
      • Grandfather: Shim Geon-ji (심건지; 沈健之; 1733–1779)
      • Grandmother: Lady Yi of the Jeonju Yi clan (증 정경부인 전주 이씨; 1734–1798); Sim Geon-ji's second wife
  • Siblings:
    • Older brother: Kim Yu-geun (김유근; 金逌根; March 1785 – July 1840); became the adoptive son of Kim Yong-sun (김용순; 金龍淳)
    • Older brother: Kim Won-geun (김원근; 金元根; 1786–1832)
    • Older sister: Queen Sunwon of the Andong Kim clan (순원왕후 김씨; 8 June 1789 – 21 September 1857)
      • Brother-in-law: King Sunjo of Joseon (순조대왕; 純祖大王; 29 July 1790 – 13 December 1834)
    • Older sister: Lady Kim of the Andong Kim clan (1792–?)
    • Older sister: Lady Kim of the Andong Kim clan (1794–?)
    • Older sister: Lady Kim of the Andong Kim clan (1795–?)
  • Wives and children:
    • Lady Yun (정경부인 윤씨; 貞敬夫人 尹氏; 1795–1858)[3]
      • Adoptive son: Kim Byeong-gi (김병기; 金炳冀; 1818–1875); son of Kim Yeong-geun (김영근; 金泳根; 1793–1870)
        • Adoptive daughter-in-law/Niece: Lady Nam (남씨; 南氏; 1819–1851); daughter of Nam Gu-sun (남구순; 南久淳; 1792–?) and Kim Jwa-geun’s older sister, Lady Kim (1792–?)
        • Adoptive daughter-in-law: Lady Jeong (정씨; 1834–1880)
          • Adoptive (adoptive) grandson: Kim Yong-gyun (김용균; 金用均)
          • Adoptive granddaughter: Lady Kim (김씨; 1860–1933)
    • Concubine: Lady Naju of the Yang clan (나주부인 양씨; 羅州夫人 梁氏)




  • Portrayed by Nam Gyeong-eup in the 2016 film The Map Against the World
  • Portrayed by Park Yoon-sik in the 2018 film Fengshui


  1. ^ 정자, 박. "김좌근". Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  2. ^ "(박종인의 땅의 歷史) 100년 국정 공백은 정실 인사에서 비롯되었다". Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  3. ^ Muchadoboutlove. "Women of the Joseon Dynasty (Part 1)". The Talking Cupboard. The titles were given collectively to the wives of the officials according to their husbands' ranks, for instance jeongkyeong buin (정경부인), which was given to the wives of the officials of 1st Senior Rank.