King Kong Escapes
|King Kong Escapes|
Original Japanese poster
|Directed by||Ishirō Honda|
|Produced by||Tomoyuki Tanaka
Arthur Rankin Jr.
|Written by||Kaoru Mabuchi|
|Story by||Arthur Rankin Jr.|
|Music by||Akira Ifukube|
|Edited by||Ryohei Fujii|
|Distributed by||Toho (Japan)
Universal Studios (USA)
|104 minutes (Japan)
96 minutes (USA)
|Box office||$1,000,000 (US/ Canada)|
King Kong Escapes, (released in Japan as King Kong's Counterattack (キングコングの逆襲 Kingu Kongu no Gyakushū?), is a 1967 Kaiju film. A Japanese/American co-production from Toho (Japan) and Rankin/Bass (USA). Directed by Ishiro Honda and featuring special effects by Eiji Tsuburaya, the film starred both American actors (such as Rhodes Reason and Linda Miller) alongside Japanese actors (such as Akira Takarada, Mie Hama and Eisei Amamoto). The film was a loose adaptation of the Rankin/Bass Saturday morning cartoon series The King Kong Show and was the second and final Japanese-made film featuring the King Kong character.
The film was released theatrically in the United States by Universal Pictures in the summer of 1968.
An evil genius named Dr. Who creates Mechani-Kong, a robotic version of King Kong, to dig for a highly radioactive Element X, found only at the North Pole. Mechani-Kong enters an ice cave and begins to dig into a glacier, but the radiation destroys its brain circuits and the robot shuts down. Who then sets his sights on getting the real Kong to finish the job. Who is taken to task by a beautiful female overseer, Madame Piranha. Her country's government is financing the doctor's schemes, and she frequently berates him for his failure to get results.
Meanwhile, a submarine commanded by Carl Nelson arrives at Mondo Island where the legendary King Kong lives. Much like the original 1933 film, the giant ape gets into an intense fight with Gorosaurus and a sea serpent. He falls in love with a female human. In this case, Lt. Susan Watson (played by Linda Miller) following in the footsteps of Fay Wray.
Dr. Who subsequently goes to Mondo Island, abducts Kong and brings him back to his base at the North Pole. Kong is hypnotized by a flashing light device and fitted with a radio earpiece. Who commands Kong to retrieve the Element X from the cave. (Apparently, Kong understands English perfectly.) Problems with the earpiece ensue and Who has to kidnap Susan Watson, the only person who can control Kong.
After Watson and her fellow officers are captured by Who, Madame Piranha unsuccessfully tries to seduce Nelson to bring him over to her side. Eventually Kong escapes and swims all the way to Japan where the climactic battle with Mechani-Kong transpires. Standing in for the Empire State Building from the original film is the Tokyo Tower where the two giants face off in the finale.
- Rhodes Reason - Commander Carl Nelson (voice actor: Kei Taguchi)
- Akira Takarada - Lt. Commander Jiro Nomura
- Linda Miller - Lt. Susan Watson (voice actor: Akiko Santou)
- Eisei Amamoto - Dr. Who
- Mie Hama - Madame Piranha
- Yosihumi Tajima - Chief
- Nadao Kirino - Dr. Who's assistant
- Shoichi Hirose Toru Ibuki Nadao Kirino Susumu Kurobe Sachio Sakai Kazuo Suzuki Yoshifumi Tajima - Dr Who Henchman
- Andrew Hughes - United Nations journalist
- Ryūji Kita - Police inspector
- Masaaki Tachibana - Self-Defense Force soldier
- Ikio Sawamura - Mondo Islander
- Yasuhisa Tsutsumi - General
- Osman Yusuf - Submariner
- Haruo Nakajima - King Kong
- Yū Sekida - Mechani-Kong and Gorosaurus
The story is partly a remake of the animated series (itself a retelling of the original 1933 film) about a tamed Kong who is befriended by a boy and directed to fight for the forces of good. That concept (minus the boy) is combined with a mad scientist story with elements from the then-popular spy film genre. The sinister Dr. Who (not to be confused with the British television series or its main character) is patterned after James Bond villains Dr. No and Ernst Stavro Blofeld. His partner, Madame Piranha, is an Asian spy played by Mie Hama, fresh from the Bond film You Only Live Twice (1967). Submarine commander Carl Nelson is similar to Admiral Nelson, commander of the Seaview sub in Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, a series that also featured giant monsters and stories about international espionage.
Veteran voice actor Paul Frees dubbed the voice of Dr. Who in the American release.
In an interview with Reason on the making of this film, Paul Frees did almost all the male voices for the dub. Paul apparently asked Reason why he was there, and said as a joke, “Why are you here? I could probably do a better version of you than you could.”
Linda Miller hated her dubbed voice in the American version, but loved the Japanese voice. She was extremely mad at Mr. Rankin, the producer, for not inviting her to dub her own lines when Rhode Reason (Nelson) was able to re-dub his. It turned out to work this way because Reason was a part of the Screen Actors Guild, and Linda Miller was only a model.
- Eiji Tsuburaya - Special effects director
- Sadamasa Arikawa - Secondary special effects director
- Teruyoshi Nakano - Assistant special effects director
- Takeo Kita - Art direction
- Fumio Nakadai - Wireworks director
- Yasuyuki Inoue - Special effects sets
Toho reissued the film in 1973 as part of the Champion Matsuri (東宝チャンピオンまつり), a film festival that ran from 1969 through 1978 that featured numerous films packaged together and aimed at children.
Afterwards it was screened as part of a specialty festival in 1983 called The Godzilla Resurrection Festival (Gojira no Fukkatsu). This large festival featured ten Godzilla/kaiju films in all. (Godzilla, King Kong vs Godzilla, Mothra vs Godzilla, Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster, Invasion of Astro-Monster, Godzilla vs Mechagodzilla, Rodan, Mothra, Atragon, and King Kong Escapes).
Outside Japan and the U.S, the film received a wide release in most International markets where it went by different titles. The film was released in Germany as King-Kong, Frankensteins Sohn (King Kong: Frankenstein's Son), in Belgium as La Revanche de King Kong (The Revenge of King Kong) - a direct translation of the Japanese title, in Italy as King Kong il gigante della foresta (King Kong, the Giant of the Forest), in Turkey as Canavarlarin Gazabi (Wrath of the Monsters), in Mexico as El Regreso de King Kong (The Return of King Kong), in Finland as King Kong kauhun saarella (King Kong on the Island of Terror), and in Sweden as King Kong på skräckens ö (King Kong on Terror Island)
When Nomura ties the rope the soldiers give him to save Susan, it is intercut with a reaction shot of civilians below. One of these people is Haruo Nakajima. He is the man grabbing the rope on the right hand side of the screen with the blue shirt. This cameo was removed in the US cut.
R1 America - Universal Pictures
- Aspect Ratio: 2.35:1 (Anamorphic) [NTSC]
- Soundtrack(s): English Dolby Digital 2.0 Mono
- Subtitles: English, French and Spanish
- Case type: Keep Case
- Release Date: November 29, 2005
- Notes: Also available in a double feature 2-pack (separate Keep cases) with "King Kong vs. Godzilla AKA Kingukongu tai Gojira (1962)".
- Aspect Ratio: 2.35.1 (High-Def Widescreen)
- Soundtrack(s): English DTS-HD Master Audio 2.0 Mono
- Subtitles: English SDH, Francais
- Release Date: April 1, 2014
The film opened in the United States in June 1968 on a double-bill with the Don Knotts comedy The Shakiest Gun in the West Contemporary American reviews were mixed. New York Times film critic Vincent Canby gave it a particularly insulting review, commenting, "The Japanese...are all thumbs when it comes to making monster movies like 'King Kong Escapes.' The Toho moviemakers are quite good in building miniature sets, but much of the process photography—matching the miniatures with the full-scale shots—is just bad...the plotting is hopelessly primitive..."
The July 15, 1968, issue of Film Bulletin, however, gave it a more positive review, saying, "Grown-ups who like their entertainments on a comic-strip level will find this good fun and the Universal release (made in Japan) has plenty of ballyhoo angles to draw the school-free youngsters in large numbers."
Toho had wanted to use King Kong again after this film. King Kong was included in an early draft for the 1968 film Destroy All Monsters but was ultimately dropped due to the fact that Toho's license on the character was set to expire. Toho managed to get some use out of the suit though. The suit was reused to play the character "Gorilla" in episode #38 of the Toho giant superhero show Go! Greenman. The 3 part episode titled Greenman vs. Gorilla aired from March 21, 1974 through March 23, 1974.
Toho would bring the character Gorosaurus into the Godzilla series in Destroy All Monsters using the same suit from this film. The suit was reused again four years later (at this point in dilapidated condition) to portray the character in episode #6 of the Toho giant superhero show Go! Godman. The 6 part episode titled Godman vs. Gorosaurus aired from November 9, 1972 through November 15, 1972.
In the early 1990s when plans for a King Kong vs. Godzilla remake fell through, Toho had planned to bring back Mechani-Kong as an opponent for Godzilla in the project Godzilla vs. Mechani-Kong. However, according to Koichi Kawakita, it was discovered that obtaining permission even to use the likeness of King Kong would be difficult. Kawakita stated:
Toho wanted to pit Godzilla against King Kong because King Kong vs. Godzilla was very successful. However, the studio thought that obtaining permission to use King Kong would be difficult. So, it instead decided to use MechaniKong. Soon afterward, it was discovered that obtaining permission even to use the likeness of King Kong would be difficult. So, the project was canceled. MechaniKong was going to have injectors. A number of people were going to be injected into Godzilla while the robot was wrestling with him. They then were going to do battle with Godzilla from within while MechaniKong continued to do battle with him from without. There were going to be many different strange worlds inside Godzilla. The concept was very much like the one on which Fantastic Voyage was based.
- "Big Rental Films of 1968", Variety, 8 January 1969 p 15. Please note figures are rentals as opposed to total gross.
- Ragone, August (2007). Eiji Tsuburaya: Master of Monsters. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-8118-6078-9.
- Morton, Ray (2005). King Kong: The History of a Movie Icon from Fay Wray to Peter Jackson. New York: Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. p. 152. ISBN 1-55783-669-8.
- Kalat, David (2007). A Critical history and Filmography of Toho's Godzilla Series. McFarland & Company. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-7864-3099-4.
- "All Monsters Attack".
- 様々な著者Godzilla Toho Champion Matsuri Perfection (ゴジラが「僕らのヒーロー」だった時代!). ASCII Media Works/Dengeki Hobby Books. 2014. Pgs.54-55
- "Toho Champion Festival".
- "Gojira no Fukkatsu Retrospective".
- Godzilla Abroad by J.D Lees. G-Fan #22. Daikaiju Enterprises, 1996. Pgs. 20-21
- "Scans of King Kong Escapes theatrical posters".
- "Rewind @ www.dvdcompare.net - King Kong Escapes AKA Kingukongu no gyakushu (1967)".
- "King Kong Escapes (1967) / King Kong Vs Godzilla (1962) - April 1, 2014 - Blu-ray Forum".
- Godzilla: Still the king of the monsters after all these years by August Ragone. Famous Monsters of Filmland #256. Movieland Classics LLC. Jul/Aug 2011. Pg.37
- Godman & Greenman: Toho's school morning heroes by Mike Bianco. Monster Attack Team Vol.2 #8. MAT Publishing. 2010. Pg.28
- Mike Bianco. Pgs.26-27
- Koichi Kawakita interview by David Milner, Cult Movies #14, Wack "O" Publishing, 1995
- "Koichi Kawakita Interview".
- Canby, Vincent. "New King Kong:Ape-Hero Is Uncle Tom in Japanese Version" (film review) The New York Times. July 11, 1968.
- Variety June 26, 1968.
- Ragone, August (2007, 2014). Eiji Tsuburaya: Master of Monsters San Francisco, California: Chronicle Books. ISBN 978-0-8118-6078-9
- "キングコングの逆襲 (Kingu Kongu no Gyakushū)" (in Japanese). Japanese Movie Database. Retrieved 2007-07-17.
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