The War of the Gargantuas

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The War of the Gargantuas
War of the Gargantuas.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byIshirō Honda
Produced by
Screenplay by
Starring
Music byAkira Ifukube[1]
CinematographyHajime Koizumi[1]
Edited byRyohei Fujii[1]
Production
company
Distributed byToho (Japan)
Maron Films (United States)
Release date
  • July 31, 1966 (1966-07-31) (Japan)
  • July 29, 1970 (1970-07-29) (United States)
Running time
88 minutes[2]
CountryJapan
United States
LanguageJapanese[Note 1]

The War of the Gargantuas (フランケンシュタインの怪獣 サンダ対ガイラ, Furankenshutain no Kaijū: Sanda tai Gaira, lit.Frankenstein's Monsters: Sanda vs. Gaira) is a 1966 kaiju film directed by Ishirō Honda, co-written by Honda and Takeshi Kimura, produced by Tomoyuki Tanaka and Kenichiro Tsunoda, with special effects by Eiji Tsuburaya. A sequel to Frankenstein Conquers the World, the film was a Japanese-American co-production; it was the third and final collaboration between Toho[1] and Henry G. Saperstein.[5][6] The film stars Russ Tamblyn, Kumi Mizuno, Kenji Sahara, with Yû Sekida as Sanda and Haruo Nakajima as Gaira. In the film, scientists investigate the sudden appearance of two giant hairy humanoid monsters that culminates into a battle in Tokyo.

The War of the Gargantuas was released in Japan on July 31, 1966 and was given a theatrical release in the United States on July 29, 1970 by Maron Films, on a double-bill with Monster Zero. Since its release, the film has been regarded as a cult classic, drawing admiration from artists such as Brad Pitt, Quentin Tarantino, Guillermo del Toro, and Tim Burton.[7]

Plot[edit]

During a rainy night, a fishing boat is attacked by a giant octopus. The octopus is then attacked by a giant, hairy, green humanoid monster. After defeating the octopus, the green monster then attacks the boat. A survivor is recovered, who reveals to doctors and police that Frankenstein attacked his boat and crew. The press picks up on the story and interviews Dr. Paul Stewart and his assistant, Akemi Togawa, who once had a baby Frankenstein in their possession for study five years prior. Stewart and Akemi dispel the idea that the attack was caused by their Frankenstein because he was very gentle while in their care. Stewart postulates that the Frankenstein he studied would not live in the ocean as he was found in the mountains and likely died after he escaped.

Another boat is attacked and villagers see the green Frankenstein off the coast at the same time that a mountain guide reports seeing Frankenstein in the Japanese Alps. Stewart and Akemi investigate the mountains and find giant footprints in the snow. Their colleague, Dr. Majida, collects tissue samples at the fishing village. The green Frankenstein attacks Haneda Airport and returns to the sea after the clouds clear. Stewart and Akemi leave for Tokyo for a meeting with the military to discuss plans to kill the monster. Majida deduces that the green Frankenstein is sensitive to light. The green Frankenstein briefly appears in Tokyo but is drawn away by bright lights. It retreats to the mountains where the military counterattack it. A second Frankenstein, brown in appearance, emerges and comes to the green Frankenstein's aide.

Stewart and Akemi conclude that the brown Frankenstein is their former subject. To distinguish the monsters, the military designate the green and brown Frankensteins as Gaira and Sanda. After collecting and examining tissue samples, Stewart concludes that Gaira is Sanda's clone. He theorizes that a piece of Sanda's tissue made its way to the sea where it survived off plankton and evolved into Gaira. During a hiking trip, Stewart and Akemi run away from Gaira but Akemi nearly falls off a ledge. Sanda saves Akemi in time, injuring his leg in the process. Stewart and Akemi try to convince the military that Sanda is gentle and Gaira is violent, but their pleas are disregarded, believing both monsters to be hostile. Sanda attacks Gaira after discovering the green monster devoured hikers. Gaira escapes and heads towards Tokyo, with Sanda pursuing.

During the evacuation, Akemi vows to save Sanda but runs into Gaira instead. Sanda stops Gaira from devouring Akemi and Stewart carries her to safety. Sanda tries to placate with Gaira but the green monster engages Sanda in battle. Stewart convinces the military to give Sanda time to defeat Gaira. During the battle, the military aide Sanda as his battle with Gaira moves from Tokyo to Tokyo Bay. An underwater volcano erupts, swallowing both monsters. Majida informs Stewart and Akemi that nothing survived the eruption.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The War of the Gargantuas was the third and final co-production collaboration between Toho and Henry G. Saperstein's UPA.[1][5] Towards the end of 1965, Toho informed director Ishirō Honda that his director's contract would not be renewed and Iwao Mori told him that he would need to speak with producer Tomoyuki Tanaka about each assignment.[10] Seiji Tani, Honda's new chief assistant, spoke about actor Russ Tamblyn and Honda not agreeing on set, with Tamblyn often doing the exact opposite of Honda instructed, Tani stated: "Honda-san had to hold back and bear so much during that one. [Russ Tamblyn] was such an asshole"[6] Tamblyn felt his lines in the film were so bad that he improvised them all.[6][3] It was co-producer Saperstein's choice to replace Nick Adams with Tamblyn, later stating, "Tamblyn was a royal pain in the ass".[6]

The film was originally announced as The Frankenstein Brothers, then The Two Frankensteins, Frankenstein vs. Frankenstein, Frankenstein's Decisive Battle, and Frankenstein's Fight during script writing processes.[3] The film was originally intended as a sequel to Frankenstein Conquers the World, with Honda biographers Ryfle and Godziszewski noting that the continuity between the two films was "somewhat fuzzy".[3] The film was created quickly, with writer Kimura's final draft on the screenplay being dated 23 April 1966.[11] Honda shot the film's dramatic footage between May 9 and June 4 with Tsuburaya's special effects crew finishing in mid-July.[11] The American version had Honda shoot additional scenes and UPA had Toho release the negatives and outtakes and other footage such as sound and music elements.[7] Tab Hunter was originally cast as Dr. Stewart but was replaced by Tamblyn during pre-production.[8]

Alternate English versions[edit]

Toho commissioned an English dub from Frontier Enterprises, a Tokyo-based company, for international territories. Referred to as the "international dub", this version is a direct translation of the Japanese version, keeping references to the monsters as Frankensteins and even having Russ Tamblyn's English dialogue dubbed over by another actor.[12] Toho's international dub remained unreleased[1] until late 2017 when the film and other Godzilla titles appeared on Starz's streaming service after Janus Films and The Criterion Collection obtained the rights to the films.[13]

Co-producer Henry G. Saperstein commissioned a separate English dub from Glen Glenn Sound, a Los Angeles-based company, for the film's American release.[14] This version omits all references to Frankenstein Conquers the World, with the creatures being referred to as "Gargantuas" instead of "Frankensteins". This version also includes additional footage not featured in the Japanese version, making the American version run at 92 minutes.[15] Tamblyn's original dialogue soundtrack got lost during production and he was called back to re-dub his lines for the film's American release. Tamblyn had to work without a script and had to rely on improvising his lines based on the footage he was watching and due to being unable to remember his original lines.[4] Tamblyn's voice was dubbed for the Japanese version.[1]

Release[edit]

Theatrical[edit]

The film was released theatrically in Japan on July 31, 1966 by Toho.[11] The Glen Glenn Sound English dub received a theatrical release in the United States by Maron Films as The War of the Gargantuas on July 29, 1970,[16] where it was double billed with Monster Zero, which was also dubbed by Glen Glenn Sound.[14] In the United Kingdom, the film was titled Duel of the Gargantuas.[1] The War of the Gargantuas and Monster Zero were intended to be released earlier, however, distributors did not think either film had potential until 1970 when Saperstein made a deal with Maron Films.[17]

Home media[edit]

In 2008, Classic Media released a 2-disc DVD of the film as a double feature with Rodan. Both films included their original Japanese version and American English versions, with Rodan presented in its native full-screen scope and The War of the Gargantuas in its original widescreen ratio. This release also features the documentary Bringing Godzilla Down to Size, detailing the history of the genre and tokusatsu techniques of the genre.[18] In 2010, Toho released the film on Blu-ray which includes special features such as an audio commentary by Kumi Mizuno, outtakes, trailers, and behind the scenes photo galleries.[19] In 2017, Janus Films and The Criterion Collection acquired the film, as well as other Godzilla titles, to stream on Starz and FilmStruck.[20]

Legacy[edit]

American actor Brad Pitt had cited The War of the Gargantuas as the film that inspired him to pursue acting.[21] The film inspired parts of Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill: Volume 2, such as a miniature shot of Tokyo made specifically for the film and the fight scene between Uma Thurman and Daryl Hannah, which Tarantino dubbed "War of the Blonde Gargantuas". Tarantino had screened the film for Hannah and Hannah's character uses the word "gargantua" several times.[22][23]

In an episode of Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated titled "Battle of the Humungonauts", the episode parodies the film by featuring two hairy creatures similar in appearance to Sanda and Gaira, riffing the film's title, and even featuring a cover of Kipp Hamilton's "The Words Get Stuck in My Throat".[24] American film director Tim Burton noted the film was a favorite of his and his daughter's.[25] Mexican film director Guillermo del Toro cited The War of the Gargantuas and its predecessor Frankenstein Conquers the World as two of his top five favorite kaiju films[26][27] and cited The War of the Gargantuas as an influence on the opening for Pacific Rim.[28] The American band Devo performed a live version of "The Words Get Stuck in My Throat" in 1978.[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ During filming, Russ Tamblyn delivered all of his lines in English and even changed much of his lines without the knowledge nor approval of director Honda.[3] Tamblyn's dialogue was dubbed over by a Japanese voice actor for the film's Japanese release. However, his original dialogue soundtrack was lost and Tamblyn had to re-dub all of his lines for the film's American release without a script and had to improvise his lines based on the footage he was watching and due to being unable to remember his original lines.[4]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Galbraith IV 2008, p. 231.
  2. ^ フランケンシュタインの怪獣 サンダ対ガイラ
  3. ^ a b c d Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 232.
  4. ^ a b Cirronella, Jim (March 30, 2014). "Interview: Russ Tamblyn and Haruo Nakajima". Toho Kingdom. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  5. ^ a b Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 222.
  6. ^ a b c d Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 231.
  7. ^ a b Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 235.
  8. ^ a b Galbraith IV 1998, p. 182.
  9. ^ a b Galbraith IV 1998, p. 181.
  10. ^ Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 230.
  11. ^ a b c Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 234.
  12. ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 152.
  13. ^ Ragone, August (November 1, 2017). "Janus Films Acquires License for the Original Godzilla Films". Facebook. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  14. ^ a b Ryfle 1998, p. 151.
  15. ^ War of the Gargantuas
  16. ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 121.
  17. ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 125.
  18. ^ "Rodan and War of the Gargantuas Cover Art and DVD News". SciFi Japan. July 29, 2008. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  19. ^ Portillo, Loren (April 7, 2010). "Sanda Tai Gaira Gets Blu-ray Treatment". SciFi Japan. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  20. ^ Squires, John (November 8, 2017). "Criterion Collection Has Obtained Most of the Shōwa Era 'Godzilla' Films!". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  21. ^ Haglund, David (February 27, 2012). "What Was Brad Pitt Talking About? The War of the Gargantuas". Slate. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  22. ^ Whitney, Erin (April 16, 2014). "Here Are 31 Film References In 'Kill Bill: Volume 2'". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  23. ^ Fitzmaurice, Larry (August 28, 2015). "Quentin Tarantino: The Complete Syllabus of His Influences and References". Vulture. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  24. ^ Ryan, Michael (August 29, 2015). "Obsessive, Compulsive, Procedural #5: Scooby-Doo". Popoptiq. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  25. ^ Bell, Carrie (September 25, 2012). "'Frankenweenie' premiere: Tim Burton doesn't think 'the movie is scary at all'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  26. ^ Blanco, Alvin (July 13, 2013). "Pacific Rim Director Guillermo Del Toro's Top 5 Kaiju Films". Hip Hop Wired. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  27. ^ Pacific Rim's Guillermo del Toro on Remaking Classic Japanese Monster Movies
  28. ^ mrbeaks (July 8, 2013). "Mr. Beaks Talks Pacific Rim, World Building And Gargantuas With Guillermo del Toro And Travis Beacham! Part One Of Two!". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  29. ^ Guest, Gutter (March 16, 2013). "The Words Got Stuck In My Throat". The Cultural Gutter. Retrieved August 25, 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Galbraith IV, Stuart (1998). Monsters Are Attacking Tokyo! The Incredible World of Japanese Fantasy Films. Feral House. ISBN 0922915474.
  • Galbraith IV, Stuart (2008). The Toho Studios Story: A History and Complete Filmography. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 1461673747.
  • Kalat, David (2010). A Critical History and Filmography of Toho's Godzilla Series (2nd Edition). McFarland. ISBN 9780786447497.
  • Ryfle, Steve (1998). Japan’s Favorite Mon-Star: The Unauthorized Biography of the Big G. ECW Press. ISBN 1550223488.
  • Ryfle, Steve; Godziszewski, Ed (2017). Ishiro Honda: A Life in Film, from Godzilla to Kurosawa. Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 9780819570871.

External links[edit]