Kisi language (Tanzania)

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Kisi
Kikisi
Native toTanzania
Ethnicity18,000 Kisi (2001?)[1]
Native speakers
10,200 (2001)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3kiz
Glottologkisi1243[3]
G.67[4]
Linguasphere99-AUS-re

Kisi is a Bantu language of Tanzania. Though only half or so of the Kisi people speak the language, use is vigorous where it is still spoken.


Phonology

Consonant phonemes in Kisi
Bialabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post alveolar/

palatal

Velar Glottal
Aspirated voiceless

plosives

Voiced plosives b d ɟ ɡ
Prenasalised voised

plosive

ᵐb ⁿd ᶮɟ ᵑɡ
Voiceless fricatives f s h
Voiced fricatives β ʝ ɣ
Voiceless affricatives
Nasals m n ɲ ŋ
Liquids l
Consonant phonemes in Kisi that occur only through morphological interaction
Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post alveolar/

palatal

Velar
Prenasalised voiceless

plosives

ᵐpʰ ⁿtʰ ᵑkʰ
Prenasalised voiceless

fricatives

ᶬf ⁿs
Prenasalized voiceless

affricatives

ⁿtʃ
Aspirated nasals ɲʰ


Other phonemes:

  • [ɾ] and [l] are in a free variation.
  • [w] and [j] are not included in a phoneme chart in Kisi because they only occur as glide insertion between historically or morphologically adjacent vowels. [w] does not occur otherwise. For some speakers, [j] occurs as a free variant of [ʝ] which is considered incorrect by other speakers.
Vowels phoneme in Kisi
Front Central Back
High - degree 1 i

i:

u

u:

High - degree 2 ɪ

ɪ:

ʊ

ʊ:

Mid e

e:

o

o:

Low a

a:

Contrastive and obligatory length is marked with /:/. This does not necessarily reflect a difference in the length of production.

Diphthongs in Kisi
Symbol Example words Meaning
[e]-[i] [beⁱ] Swahili: bei 'price'
[a]-[o] [ᵑɡaᵒ] Swahili: ngao 'shield'

Swahili: bei, and Swahili: ngao - These Swahili words have been borrowed into Kisi and pronounced with a diphthong in Kisi


References[edit]

  1. ^ Kisi language (Tanzania) at Ethnologue (15th ed., 2005)
  2. ^ Kisi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kisi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online

[1]


  1. ^ Gray, Hazel (2018). "Kisi Phonology and Morphology" (PDF). SIL International (in Kisi). Archived from the original on 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-18.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)