Kodam IX/Udayana

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Kodam IX/Udayana
Kodam districts as of 2007
Kodam districts as of 2007
Active 1985–current
Country Indonesia
Branch Indonesian Army
Type Military area command
Headquarters Denpasar, Bali
Engagements Indonesian occupation of East Timor
Website Official website

Kodam IX/Udayana is a military area command of the Indonesian Army which is responsible for the provinces of Bali, East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. It was established as part of the 1985 reorganisation of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) and included East Timor until that province achieved independence in 1999.

History[edit]

Between 1969 and 1985, Kodam XVI was responsible for Bali, East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara while Kodam IX administered units in East Kalimantan.[1] As part of a broad reorganisation of the TNI in 1985, the number of Kodem was reduced from sixteen to ten, with all of the Indonesian portion of Borneo (Kalimantan) coming under Kodam VI/Tanjungpura and Kodam XVI, which by this time included East Timor, being redesignated Kodam IX.[2]

In 1997, combat units included five infantry battalions, a cavalry company in East Timor, and an engineer battalion.[3] District commands included Korem 161 (HQ Kupang), Korem 162 (HQ Mataram), Korem 163 (HQ Denpasar), and Korem 164 (HQ Dili). SOF magazine reported forces in East Timor in September 1997 as ten battalions; eight rotationary, two permanent (744th and 745th Battalions), special 'ranger-style' companies, and Detachment 81 of Kopassus.

East Timor continued to fall within Kodam IX's area of responsibility in 1999, with the military units in the province itself coming under the sub-regional command Korem 164/Wiradharma.[4] In July of that year Kodam IX developed plans for Operation Pull-Out ('Operasi Cabut') which was to be executed alongside a plan developed by the TNI Headquarters ('Contingency Plan 1999-2000') if the East Timorese voted for independence in the East Timor popular consultation. After this eventuated, these plans were executed in September and involved the rapid evacuation of 70,000 Indonesian administrators and soldiers and 180,000 East Timorese, which contributed to the 1999 East Timorese crisis. The plans do not prove that the TNI planned the post-referendum violence, however.[5]

After East Timor achieved independence, Kodam IX retained responsibility for Bali, East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. In 2002 the Border Security Task Force, monitoring the border with East Timor, was reported to include a headquarters drawn from the 3rd Airborne Infantry Brigade (id:Brigade infanteri lintas udara 3), 321 Battalion (Kostrad) in the northern border sector, 721 Battalion in the southern sector, and a detachment from 407 Battalion around Oecussi.

Battalions include Battalion 744. In 2009–2010 a new infantry brigade was formed in West Timor, the 21st Brigade (id:Brigade infanteri 21).[6] Its task appears to be control of the border between West Timor and East Timor. Relations with the East Timor Police Service on the border are cordial and informal, but appear to lack formalised discussion mechanisms for any border incidents that might arise.[7]

Commanders ('Panglima')[edit]

Territorial Command[edit]

  • Korem 161/Wira Sakti
  • Korem 162/Wira Bhakti
  • Korem 163/Wira Satya
  • Kodam IX/Udayana District Training Regiment (Rindam IX/Udayana)

Combat Units & Support Combat Units[edit]

  • 21st Infantry Brigade/Komodo, Supervised 3 Infantry Battalion,includes:
    • 743rd Infantry Battalion/Pradnya Samapta Yudha
    • 744th Infantry Battalion/Satya Yudha Bhakti
    • 746th Infantry Battalion
  • 900th Infantry Battalion/Raider
  • 742nd Infantry Battalion/Satya Wira Yudha, under the command of Korem 162/Wira Bhakti
  • Kodam IX/Udayana Panzer Cavalry Company
  • 18th Combat Engineering Battalion/Yudha Karya Raksaka

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Lowry (1996), p. 52
  2. ^ Lowry (1996), pp. 56–57
  3. ^ Huxley 1997, p.39
  4. ^ Robinson (2003), p. 27
  5. ^ Robinson (2003), pp. 78–80
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  7. ^ Crisis Group, B104
Bibliography

External links[edit]