Kodam districts as of 2007
|Type||Military area command|
|Engagements||Indonesian occupation of East Timor|
Kodam IX/Udayana is a military area command of the Indonesian Army which is responsible for the provinces of Bali, East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. It was established as part of the 1985 reorganisation of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) and included East Timor until that province achieved independence in 1999.
Between 1969 and 1985, Kodam XVI was responsible for Bali, East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara while Kodam IX administered units in East Kalimantan. As part of a broad reorganisation of the TNI in 1985, the number of Kodem was reduced from sixteen to ten, with all of the Indonesian portion of Borneo (Kalimantan) coming under Kodam VI/Tanjungpura and Kodam XVI, which by this time included East Timor, being redesignated Kodam IX.
In 1997, combat units included five infantry battalions, a cavalry company in East Timor, and an engineer battalion. District commands included Korem 161 (HQ Kupang), Korem 162 (HQ Mataram), Korem 163 (HQ Denpasar), and Korem 164 (HQ Dili). SOF magazine reported forces in East Timor in September 1997 as ten battalions; eight rotationary, two permanent (744th and 745th Battalions), special 'ranger-style' companies, and Detachment 81 of Kopassus.
East Timor continued to fall within Kodam IX's area of responsibility in 1999, with the military units in the province itself coming under the sub-regional command Korem 164/Wiradharma. In July of that year Kodam IX developed plans for Operation Pull-Out ('Operasi Cabut') which was to be executed alongside a plan developed by the TNI Headquarters ('Contingency Plan 1999-2000') if the East Timorese voted for independence in the East Timor popular consultation. After this eventuated, these plans were executed in September and involved the rapid evacuation of 70,000 Indonesian administrators and soldiers and 180,000 East Timorese, which contributed to the 1999 East Timorese crisis. The plans do not prove that the TNI planned the post-referendum violence, however.
After East Timor achieved independence, Kodam IX retained responsibility for Bali, East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. In 2002 the Border Security Task Force, monitoring the border with East Timor, was reported to include a headquarters drawn from the 3rd Airborne Infantry Brigade (id:Brigade infanteri lintas udara 3), 321 Battalion (Kostrad) in the northern border sector, 721 Battalion in the southern sector, and a detachment from 407 Battalion around Oecussi.
Battalions include Battalion 744. In 2009–2010 a new infantry brigade was formed in West Timor, the 21st Brigade (id:Brigade infanteri 21). Its task appears to be control of the border between West Timor and East Timor. Relations with the East Timor Police Service on the border are cordial and informal, but appear to lack formalised discussion mechanisms for any border incidents that might arise.
- Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry) Minggu (1957) - 25 Mei 1959, Panglima Kodam XIX/Nusra/Raksabhuana
- Colonel Supardi (25 Mei 1959 - 20 Maret 1963)
- Brigadir General TNI Sjafiudin (20 Maret 1963 - 21 Juni 1966)
- Brigadir General TNI Soekertyo (21 Juni 1966 - 23 Maret 1970)
- Brigadir Jenderal TNI R Suprapto (26 Maret 1970 - 25 Maret 1972)
- Brigadir Jenderal TNI Yogi Supardi (25 Maret 1972 - 1 Februari 1974)
- Brigadir Jenderal TNI Ignatius Pranoto Koesoemo (1 Februari 1974 - 3 Maret 1976)
- Brigadir Jenderal TNI Soeweno (3 Maret 1976 - 14 Oktober 1978)
- Brigadir Jenderal TNI Dading Kalbuadi (14 Oktober 1978 - 18 Mei 1983)
- Brigadir Jenderal TNI RPD Soetarto (18 Mei 1983 - 6 Maret 1986)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Adolf Sahala Rajagukguk (6 Maret 1986 - 12 Agustus 1987)
- Major General TNI Djoko Pramono (12 Agustus 1987 - 12 Agustus 1988)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Sintong Panjaitan (12 Agustus 1988 - 1 Januari 1992)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI HBL Mantiri (1 Januari 1992 - 15 Juli 1992)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Soewardi (15 Juli 1992 - 20 Maret 1993)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Theo Syafei (20 Maret 1993 - 8 Februari 1994)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI R Adang Ruchiatna Purwadirdja (8 Februari 1994 - 15 Agustus 1995)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI HA Rivai (15 Agustus 1995 - 24 Juli 1997)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Syahril MS (24 Juli 1997 - 27 Mei 1998)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Adam R Damiri (16 Juni 1998 - 1 Nopember 1999)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Kiki Syahnakri (5 Nopember 1999 - 1 Nopember 2000)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI William T da Costa (1 Nopember 2000 - 1 Juli 2002)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Agus Suyitno (1 Juli 2002 - 20 Agustus 2003)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Supiadin AS (20 Agustus 2003 - 15 Maret 2005)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Herry Tjahjana (15 Maret 2005 - 20 Oktober 2005)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Zamroni (20 Oktober 2005 - 7 September 2006)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Syaiful Rizal, psc, S.IP (7 September 2006 - Januari 2008)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI GR Situmeang (Januari 2008 - 26 Juni 2008)
- Mayor Jenderal TNI Hotmangaraja Panjaitan (26 Juni 2008 - 1 April 2010)
- Brigadier General TNI Rahmat Budiyanto (1 April 2010 - June 2012)
- Major General TNI Wisnu Bawa Tenaya (June 2012 – October 2014)
- Major General TNI Torry Djohar Banguntoro (October 2014 - September 2015)
- Major General TNI M.Setyo Sularso (September 2015 – Present)
- Korem 161/Wira Sakti
- Korem 162/Wira Bhakti
- Korem 163/Wira Satya
- Kodam IX/Udayana District Training Regiment (Rindam IX/Udayana)
Combat Units & Support Combat Units
- 21st Infantry Brigade/Komodo, Supervised 3 Infantry Battalion,includes:
- 743rd Infantry Battalion/Pradnya Samapta Yudha
- 744th Infantry Battalion/Satya Yudha Bhakti
- 746th Infantry Battalion
- 900th Infantry Battalion/Raider
- 742nd Infantry Battalion/Satya Wira Yudha, under the command of Korem 162/Wira Bhakti
- Kodam IX/Udayana Panzer Cavalry Company
- 18th Combat Engineering Battalion/Yudha Karya Raksaka
- Lowry, Robert (1996). The Armed Forces of Indonesia. Sydney: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86448-144-7.
- Robinson, Geoffrey (2003). "East Timor 1999 Crimes against Humanity" (PDF). Timor-Leste Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
- "Kodam-IX/Udayana official website" (in Indonesian). Indonesian Army.