|• Type||Village council|
|Name meaning||digging. Perhaps from Kuwar, a town|
Kur (Arabic: كور) is a Palestinian village in the Tulkarm Governorate in the eastern West Bank, located 19 kilometers South-east of Tulkarm. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Kur had a population of approximately 325 inhabitants in mid-year 2006. 7.9% of the population of Kur were refugees in 1997. The healthcare facilities for Kur are based in Kafr 'Abbush, where the facilities are designated as MOH level 2.
Kur was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Bani Sa'b of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 32 households and 6 bachelors, all Muslim. The villagers paid a fixed tax-rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, occasional revenues, goats and/or beehives, a press for olive oil or grape syrup, and a customary tax on subjects in Nablus region; a total of 13,166 Akçe.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as: "A stone village in a strong position on a ridge, with a steep slope to the east. It is of moderate size, well-built of stone, and supplied by cisterns. Traces of an ancient road exist near it. It is the Kursi, or seat of a famous native family (Beit Jiyusi). It is, perhaps, worthy of notice that the name resembles the Corea of Josephus, near which was a fortress called Alexandrium. About a mile north of Kur is Khurbet Iskander (Ruin of Alexander); the position, however, does not seem to agree with the account of Josephus." They further noted: "A ruined watchtower, like the one described at 'Azzun, exists north-east of this place."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kur had a population of 301, all Muslims, decreasing by the 1931 census when Kur had a population of 280 inhabitants, in 58 houses.
In 1945 Kur had a population of 280 Muslims and a land area of 8,514 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 253 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 1,677 used for cereals, while 17 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 187
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Tulkarm Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived 2008-02-07 at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
- Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- Health care Facilities Tulkarm Governorate
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 770
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 140
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 127
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, pp. 165-166
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 201
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 27
- Mills, 1932, p.55
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 21
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 76
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 126
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 176
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.