Kur, Tulkarm

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kur
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic كور
Kur, 1990
Kur, 1990
Kur is located in the Palestinian territories
Kur
Kur
Location of Kur within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°14′07″N 35°05′52″E / 32.23528°N 35.09778°E / 32.23528; 35.09778Coordinates: 32°14′07″N 35°05′52″E / 32.23528°N 35.09778°E / 32.23528; 35.09778
Palestine grid 159/182
Governorate Tulkarm
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 324
Name meaning digging. Perhaps from Kuwar, a town[1]

Kur (Arabic: كور‎) is a Palestinian village in the Tulkarm Governorate in the eastern West Bank, located 19 kilometers South-east of Tulkarm. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Kur had a population of approximately 325 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[2] 7.9% of the population of Kur were refugees in 1997.[3] The healthcare facilities for Kur are based in Kafr 'Abbush, where the facilities are designated as MOH level 2.[4]

History[edit]

Ceramics from the Byzantine era have been found here.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

Kur was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Bani Sa'b of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 32 households and 6 bachelors, all Muslim. The villagers paid a fixed tax-rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, occasional revenues, goats and/or beehives, a press for olive oil or grape syrup, and a customary tax on subjects in Nablus region; a total of 13,166 Akçe.[6]

In 1838, Robinson noted Kur as a village in the Beni Sa'ab district, west of Nablus.[7]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as: "A stone village in a strong position on a ridge, with a steep slope to the east. It is of moderate size, well-built of stone, and supplied by cisterns. Traces of an ancient road exist near it. It is the Kursi, or seat of a famous native family (Beit Jiyusi). It is, perhaps, worthy of notice that the name resembles the Corea of Josephus, near which was a fortress called Alexandrium. About a mile north of Kur is Khurbet Iskander (Ruin of Alexander); the position, however, does not seem to agree with the account of Josephus."[8] They further noted: "A ruined watchtower, like the one described at 'Azzun, exists north-east of this place."[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kur had a population of 301, all Muslims,[10] decreasing by the 1931 census when Kur had a population of 280 inhabitants, in 58 houses.[11]

In 1945 Kur had a population of 280 Muslims[12] and a land area of 8,514 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 253 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 1,677 used for cereals,[14] while 17 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[15]

Jordanian era[edit]

After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Kur came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Kur has been under Israeli occupation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 187
  2. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Tulkarm Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived 2008-02-07 at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
  3. ^ Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  4. ^ Health care Facilities Tulkarm Governorate
  5. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 770
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 140
  7. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 127
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, pp. 165-166
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 201
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 27
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p.55
  12. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 21
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 76
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 126
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 176

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]