Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
|Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)
|IATA: IEV – ICAO: UKKK
– WMO: 33345
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Owner||City of Kiev/Govt. of Ukraine|
|Focus city for||Wizz Air|
|Elevation AMSL||587 ft / 179 m|
Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)) (IATA: IEV, ICAO: UKKK) is one of the two passenger airports of the Ukrainian capital Kiev. It is owned by the municipality of Kiev and located in the southern Zhuliany neighbourhood of the city. Aside from facilitating regular passenger flights, Kyiv International Airport is also the main business aviation airport in Ukraine, and one of the busiest business aviation hubs in Europe.
The airport is known since 1923 as a military airfield that was co-used by the "Ukrpovitroshlyakh" ("Ukrainian Society of Air Communications") which in 1934 was completely integrated into Aeroflot as the latter's regional administration. The airport terminal was built only after the World War II in 1949. Until the 1960s, Zhuliany was the only passenger airport serving Kiev.
In 1959, the larger Boryspil International Airport was built near the city of Boryspil, gradually replacing Zhuliany as the main airport serving the city. Since that time the old "Kiev" airport became commonly known just as "Zhuliany" (or Kyiv-Zhuliany) and was used for Soviet domestic flights only.
International flights and traffic revival
After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, "Kyiv" airport began receiving international flights from nearby countries (first from its former Soviet "domestic" destinations), increasingly so since the 2000s when Ukraine's civil aviation started booming. On 27 March 2011, Wizz Air, the locally-pioneering low cost airline, moved all its operations to "Zhuliany" from the Boryspil Airport, - starting the new era of around-the-clock flights at the airport and increasing the passenger traffic by 1520%.
Surrounded by major railways, highways and residential districts, the airport has limited possibilities to expand its runway. Therefore, it is limited in the weight of aircraft that are allowed to fly in the airport (currently up to Boeing 737/Airbus A320 type). In 2013, the airport declared plans to expand the runway for additional 150 m, although stressing complete safety and operability of its current length. Other parts of the airport infrastructure are also being developed. The new "A" terminal opened on 17 May 2012, now receives all international and some domestic flights. Projects for expanding Zhuliany's taxiways and aircraft parking lots considered as well.
In the first half of 2013, the airport's passenger traffic rose 2.7-fold (to 816,757 passengers per year) since the beginning of the year, including 4.2-fold growth of the domestic traffic. According to the media and industry experts, once underdog Zhuliany Airport has rapidly grown into a major, and more efficient, competitor to the country's leading Boryspil Airport.
As of July 2013, Moscow, Treviso and Dortmund were the most popular international destinations from the airport, with Simferopol, Donetsk and Odessa leading among domestic destinations. Also in 2013, the airport opened a new domestic terminal and a new business terminal, with currently 3 terminals in service.
In March 2015, Wizz Air Ukraine announced that it would cease operations leading to the cancellation of several routes from their base at the airport. Only some of their former routes were taken over by its parent, Wizz Air.
Airlines and destinations
|Aegean Airlines||Athens, Larnaca||A|
|Atlasglobal UA||Lviv||A, D|
|Motor Sich Airlines||Kherson, Uzhhorod, Zaporizhia||A, D|
|Transaero Airlines||Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Vnukovo||A|
|Wizz Air||Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Katowice, Larnaca, Lübeck, London-Luton, Memmingen, Vilnius (begins 16 September 2015)||A|
|Yanair||Batumi, Odessa, Tbilisi||A, D|
Neighboring aviation facilities
- A major aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul company, ARP-410, adjoins the airport.
- In 2003, the Ukraine State Aviation Museum was created in one of the industrial estates neighboring the airport. It is the largest aviation museum in Ukraine, exhibiting some unique Soviet examples including original prototypes for famous airliners.
- The Ukrainian Air Force maintains a small training facility in the vicinity of the Zhuliany Airport.
The Airport is connected to the city's main highway infrastructure via the Povitroflotskyi Avenue, and served by a number of city transport routes, including:
- Trolleybus Route 22: 'Kyiv' Airport-Olzhycha Street (transfer for metro at Dorohozhychi Station - Syretsko-Pecherska Line)
- Bus Route 78: 'Kyiv' Airport-Vasylkivska Metro Station(transfer for metro - Kurenivsko-Chervonoarmiyska Line),
as well as private bus routes. Car parking facilities at the airport itself are limited, however, long stay parking can be found in the airport's immediate vicinity. Taxis can often be found waiting directly outside the terminal, in the passenger drop-off/pick-up area.
The airport's passenger terminal is located about 0.5 km away from the Kyiv-Volynskyi rail station - a stop for elektrichka commuter trains as well as for the new intracity Urban Electric Train service.
Plans for the Podilsko-Vyhurivska Line, which is now under construction elsewhere in the city, include the Airport transfer station from the 'Zhulyany' Airport. The station is expected to be constructed by 2050.
- Code IATA «IeV» from old soviet transliteration Kiev. KIE was already used by Kieta Airport
- "Wizzair wickelt Ukraine-Tochter ab" [Wizzair handles Ukrainian subsidiary] (in German). aero.de. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Жуляны" настроены по-деловому ["Juliani" set up to do business] (in Russian). Kommersant.ua. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Wizz Air перевела свої рейси з Борисполя в Жуляни [Wizz Air has transferred its flights from Boryspil to Juliani]. News.bigmir.net (in Russian). 25 September 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Столичні аеропорти працюють у штатному режимі [The capital's airports are operating in normal mode]. Kiev.unian.net (in Ukrainian). 14 February 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- ЧП в Жулянах: авиакомпания жалуется на посадочную полосу, аэропорт намекает на ошибку экипажа [Problem at Zhuliany: Airline complains about the runway, airport implies crew error]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 13 July 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- "Kolesnikov opens new terminal at Kyiv Airport". Kyiv Post. 17 May 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-05-17. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Digital Journal: Ukraine opens second airport in Kyiv". Kyiv Post. 22 May 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Аэропорт Жуляны похвалился трехкратным ростом пассажиропотока в 2013 [Juliani Airport boasting a three-fold increase in passenger traffic in 2013]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 9 July 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- Киев уходит в небо. Аэропорт Жуляны превращается в младшего брата-счастливчика не слишком успешного Борисполя [Kiev is heading for the skies. Juliani airport is turning to the success of its younger brother, Boryspil] (in Russian). Korrespondent.net. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Kyiv international airport opens business terminal". Kyiv Post. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "Wizz Air Further Restructures Ukrainian Operations". Wizzair.com. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Flight schedule". «Dniproavia» airlines. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
- "Мотор Сич собралась открыть рейс Киев-Херсон". avianews.com. Aviation Today. 6 July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- "З "Жулян" у Грузію додадуть нові рейси". Українська правда. Iнтерфакс-Україна. 27 April 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- "Yanair возобновит рейсы Киев-Тбилиси". avianews.com by Aviation Today. 26 May 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- Official website of the airport (English) (Russian) (Ukrainian)
- Accident history for IEV at Aviation Safety Network