Simferopol International Airport

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Simferopol International Airport
Международный аэропорт "Симферополь"
Міжнародний аеропорт "Сімферополь"
Aqmescit Halqara Ava Limanı
SIP logo en.png
Simferopol International Airport.JPG

IATA: SIPICAO: UKFF

SIP is located in Crimea
SIP
SIP
Location of airport in Crimea
Summary
Airport type Public
Serves Simferopol, Crimea
Elevation AMSL 639 ft / 195 m
Coordinates 45°03′08″N 33°58′31″E / 45.05222°N 33.97528°E / 45.05222; 33.97528
Website www.sipaero.ru
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01L/19R 3,701 12,142 Concrete
Statistics (2015)
Passengers Increase 5,018[1]

Simferopol International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт "Симферополь"; Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Сімферополь"; Crimean Tatar: Aqmescit Halqara Ava Limanı) (IATA: SIPICAO: UKFF) is an airport in Simferopol, the capital of Crimea. It was built in 1936. The airport has one international terminal and one domestic terminal. On 14 May 2015, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (which has de facto no control of the airport) voted to rename it to Amet-khan Sultan International Airport, in memory of Amet-khan Sultan.[2] There is already an airport named after Amet-khan Sultan, it is Uytash Airport located in Makhachkala, Russia.

History[edit]

The domestic terminal at Simferopol Airport
Simferopol Airport

On 21 January 1936, the Council of People's Commissars of the Crimean Autonomous Republic decided to allocate land and begin construction of the Simferopol Airport. Simferopol to Moscow flights began in May 1936. Before the Second World War, regular air travel was established between Simferopol and Kiev, Kharkiv, and other airports. In 1957, a terminal was commissioned. Lighting equipment was installed on a dirt runway and IL-12, IL-14, and Mi-4 aircraft began landing at the airport. In 1960, a concrete runway with an apron and parking areas was constructed. The airport began to operate around the clock and in adverse weather conditions, using new aircraft such as Antonov An-10 and IL-18. In the 1950s and 1960s, the AN-2 carried cargo and passenger flights to regional centers of the Crimea, and the Mi-4 flew to Yalta. In the summer of 1960, a squadron of Tu-104 was organized for the first time in Ukraine. Starting in 1964, the An-24 was based at the airport. Construction of the second runway, designed for IL-86, IL-76, IL-62, and Tu-154 aircraft, began in 1977. On 19 May 1982, Simferopol airport was the first in Ukrainian SSR to have a wide-IL-86. In subsequent years, this type of aircraft made an average of 5.6 daily flights to Moscow. In the summer of 1989, the airport was designated as a "western alternate airport" for landing the Buran spacecraft. In the early 2000s, the old runway 01R/19L (length 2700 m, PCN 22/R/B/X/T, accommodating a maximum weight of aircraft of 98 tonnes) was taken out of service because of its lack of length and strength. Since then, it has been used as a taxi D path with a length of 2100 m (the remaining 600 meters are unsuitable for taxiing). The second runway (01/19) is now in operation and is longer, wider, and stronger, accommodating heavy aircraft.

Following the 2014 Crimean crisis pro-Russian militia forces took control of the airport on 28 February 2014. Crimean airspace was closed and air traffic disrupted for two days.[3][4] On 11 March, Russian forces[citation needed] took over the control tower and closed Crimean airspace until the end of week. Ukraine International Flight PS65 was denied landing and diverted to Kiev.[5][6]

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) did not recognize the Russian takeover of the airport, with its deputies expressing concerns about the safety of international flights in the region. ICAO also recommended airlines to avoid Crimean airspace. By the same token on 3 March 2014, the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol), who also did not recognize the unilateral ruling of Ukrainian airspace by another country, had confirmed that the majority of transitional air-routes have been closed, according to the articles of Chicago Convention. Ukrainian companies also suspended routes to Simferopol.[7] Under Russia control (who is not the member of Eurocontrol), the airport operates flight mostly with Russia destinations. On June 2014 Prime Minister of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, signed a Government resolution №960[8] to open the airport for serving international flight.[9] On 29 July 2014 Rosaviation granted Chechen airline Grozny Avia permission to conduct nonstop flights from Simferopol to the Armenian capital of Yerevan and Turkish cities of Istanbul and Antalya.[10]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-96-300 at Simferopol Airport.
Globus Airlines Boeing 737-400 at Simferopol Airport.
VIM Airlines Boeing 757-200 at Simferopol Airport.
Ural Airlines Airbus A321 at Simferopol Airport.

From March 2014 onwards, all international flights to Simferopol Airport with the exception of flights originating from Russia were cancelled due to Crimea's disputed status. On 11 August 2014, some flights bound to Istanbul, Turkey, began again to be operated, and on 16 November 2014 flights bound to Yerevan, Armenia, were also resumed.[11][12]

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Donavia
Krasnodar, Rostov-on-Don, Moscow-Vnukovo
Aeroflot
operated by Orenair
Moscow-Domodedovo,[13] Nizhny Novgorod (begins 23 April 2016),[14] Omsk (begins 23 April 2016)[14]
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
St. Petersburg
Alrosa Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Ikar Seasonal: Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Novosibirsk[15]
Kosmos Airlines Seasonal: Novokuznetsk, Tomsk
Kostroma Avia Seasonal: Kostroma, Voronezh
Nordavia Seasonal: Arkhangelsk
Orenair Moscow-Domodedovo
Seasonal: Irkutsk, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Orenburg, Vladivostok
Red Wings Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, St. Petersburg
Seasonal: Omsk, Tomsk, Ufa
RusLine Voronezh
Seasonal: Kursk, Volgograd, Ulyanovsk
S7 Airlines
operated by Globus
Moscow-Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Saratov Airlines Seasonal: Penza, Saratov
Severstal Seasonal: Cherepovets
VIM Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Ural Airlines Belgorod, Kazan, Kirov, Krasnodar, Moscow-Domodedovo, Murmansk, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Seasonal: Chelyabinsk
Yakutia Airlines Seasonal: Irkutsk, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow-Vnukovo, Yakutsk
Yamal Airlines Saint Petersburg, Tyumen
Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo, Nizhnevartovsk, Surgut

Statistics[edit]

Passengers at Simferopol International Airport in 2008—2015 (in thousands)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
855[16] Decrease 751[16] Increase 845[17] Increase 964[18] Increase 1,114 Increase 1,204[19] Increase 2,800[20] Increase 5,018[21]

Transport[edit]

The Airport has connection with Simferopol Railway station (and "Kurortnaya" bus station) by city trolleybus route #9.

Also in 2015 new direct express route has been launched: 24-hour "Transexpress" busses and trolleybusses connecting the Airport and Simferopol Railway station (located in the centre of the city).[22] Route was launched in May 2015 by "Crimean Trolleybus", transport leaves every 10 minutes and goes without stops both directions.[23]

With the cities of Alushta, Yalta and resorts between them on the Southern Coast of Crimea the Airport is connected by intercity trolleybus routs #54 and #55. Route #55 Simferopol - Yalta, reestablished in April 2014, is known to be the world's longest trolleybus route.[24]

The Airport is connected with Sevastopol Bus Station by direct bus route.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.sipaero.ru/post.php?id=103
  2. ^ "Ukrainian Rada voted for the renaming of the airport of Simferopol". rin.ru. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  3. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/ukraine-russian-military-blocking-airport-070312640.html
  4. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/28/ukraine-crisis-airspace-idUSL1N0LX1U520140228
  5. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/ukraine/10689654/Ukraine-crisis-Flights-into-Crimea-denied-permission-to-land.html
  6. ^ http://www.thestandard.com.hk/breaking_news_detail.asp?id=47253&icid=4&d_str=
  7. ^ http://argumentua.com/novosti/icao-nebo-nad-krymom-territoriya-ukrainy-gde-seichas-nebezopasno
  8. ^ Об открытии аэропорта Симферополь для выполнения международных полётов
  9. ^ "Simferopol airport in Crimea opens for international flights". Voice of Russia. 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "Chechen Airline Gets Permission for Flights From Simferopol to Istanbul". The Moscow Times. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  11. ^ ""Грозный Авиа" запустил регулярное авиасообщение Симферополь-Стамбул". Ria. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Air route to open between Armenia, Crimea". Kyiv Post. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  13. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/07/16/sur2-dme-w15/
  14. ^ a b "AEROFLOT Expands Simferopol Service in S16". Airlineroute.net. 26 August 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  15. ^ http://eng.tolmachevo.ru/passengers/information/schedule/?airport=8964&airline=90413&FromDate=13.02.15&ToDate=&setFilter=Y
  16. ^ a b Пассажиропоток аэропорта «Симферополь» в 2009 г. сократился на 12,2 %
  17. ^ (Russian)В 2010 году пассажиропоток аэропорта «Симферополь» вырос на 12 %
  18. ^ (Russian)Аэропорт «Симферополь» увеличил пассажиропоток до более 1 млн человек
  19. ^ (Russian)Итоги работы Международного аэропорта «Симферополь» за 2013 год
  20. ^ (Russian)Итоги деятельности международного аэропорта «СИМФЕРОПОЛЬ» за 2014 год
  21. ^ (Russian)Симферопольский аэропорт впервые со времен СССР принял 5 млн пассажиров, Interfax, December 30, 2015
  22. ^ (Russian)Трансэкспресс из аэропорта, Krymtrolleybus, 18 May 2015
  23. ^ "Transexpress" timetable
  24. ^ (Russian)Севастополь и Ялту соединит самый длинный в мире троллейбусный маршрут RIA Novosti, 13 August 2014

External links[edit]

Media related to Simferopol International Airport at Wikimedia Commons