Pinchot State Forest
|Pinchot State Forest|
|Pennsylvania State Forest|
Looking southwest from Pine Hill, Pinchot State Forest, Luzerne and Lackawanna Counties
|Named for: Gifford Pinchot|
|Elevation||2,265 ft (690.4 m)|
|Area||44,743 acres (18,107 ha)|
|Management||Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources|
|IUCN category||Managed Resource Protected Area (IUCN VI)|
|Website: Pinchot State Forest|
Pinchot State Forest is a Pennsylvania State Forest in Pennsylvania Bureau of Forestry District #11. The main offices are located in Lackawanna State Park in North Abington Township in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania in the United States.
The forest is located on several tracts in Lackawanna, Luzerne, Wyoming, Susquehanna, and Wayne counties. The total area is 44,743 acres (18,107 ha). District #11 also includes Susquehanna, Wayne, and Wyoming counties.
The reorganization of Pennsylvania State Forests that took effect July 1, 2005 added the southern part of Luzerne County to District #11 (it was previously in the defunct Wyoming State Forest). Other aspects of the realignment include moving the District #11 office from Scranton 10 miles (16 km) north to Lackawanna State Park, and the acquisition of a new tract, "Theta Forest" (not included in the description above).
Depletion of Natural Resources
Pinchot State Forest was formed in response to the depletion of the forests of Pennsylvania during the mid-to-late 19th century. Conservationists like Dr. Joseph Rothrock feared that the forests would not regrow if they were not managed properly. Lumber and Iron companies had harvested the old-growth forests on a massive scale. They clear cut the forests and left behind nothing but dried tree tops and rotting stumps. The sparks of passing steam locomotives ignited wildfires that prevented the formation of second growth forests. Conservationists feared that the forest would never regrow if there was not a change in the philosophy of forest management. They called for the state to purchase land from the lumber and iron companies and the lumber and iron companies were more than willing to sell their land since that had depleted the natural resources of the forests.
A change began in 1895 when Dr. Rothrock was appointed the first commissioner of the Pennsylvania Department of Forests and Waters, the forerunner of today's Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. The Pennsylvania General Assembly passed legislation in 1897 that authorized the purchase of "unseated lands for forest reservations." This was the beginning of the State Forest system. Pinchot State Forest began a few years later, in 1902, with the purchase of 2,854 acres (1,155 ha) of land in Thornhurst Township, Lackawanna County, from William and Catherine McMurtry for $3,567.40. It was originally known as Lackawanna State Forest.
Expansion and Renaming
From 2005 to 2015, the state forest expanded from 7,735 acres (3,130 ha) to the present day acreage of 44,743 acres (18,107 ha). New holdings included 3,183 acres (1,288 ha) in Mocanaqua, the 540-acre (220 ha) Seven Tubs Recreation Area, 862 acres (349 ha) at Deep Hollow, the 1,210-acre (490 ha) Moon Lake State Forest Recreation Area, and 7,683 acres (3,109 ha) on Montage Mountain. In 2015, Lackawanna State Forest was renamed Pinchot State Forest in honor of Gifford Pinchot.
Neighboring state forest districts
Nearby state parks
- Archbald Pothole State Park in Lackawanna County
- Lackawanna State Park in Lackawanna County
- Prompton State Park in Wayne County
- Salt Springs State Park in Susquehanna County
- Varden Conservation Area in Wayne County
- Singleton, David (11 December 2014). "Lackawanna State Forest adds 500 acres". The Times Tribune. Times Shamrock NEPA. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "History of the William Penn State Forest". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2007-08-29.
- "2016 Management Activity Plan" (PDF). Pinchot State Forest. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
- "Pennsylvania DCNR Renames Lackawanna State Forest District In Honor of Gifford Pinchot". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- "Lackawanna State Forest". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
- "DCNR REALIGNING FOREST DISTRICTS". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. June 2005. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved 2006-07-12.
- "State Forest Districts". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 2006-05-15. Retrieved 2006-07-12. Note: Map showing districts after the July 1, 2005 realignment