Wayne County, Pennsylvania

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Wayne County, Pennsylvania
Wayne County courthouse mod.jpg
The Wayne County Courthouse in Honesdale
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Wayne County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded March 21, 1798
Named for Anthony Wayne
Seat Honesdale
Largest borough Honesdale
Area
 • Total 751 sq mi (1,945 km2)
 • Land 726 sq mi (1,880 km2)
 • Water 25 sq mi (65 km2), 3.3%
Population
 • (2010) 52,822[1]
 • Density 73/sq mi (28/km²)
Congressional district 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.wayne.pa.us

Coordinates: 41°39′N 75°18′W / 41.650°N 75.300°W / 41.650; -75.300

Wayne is a sixth-class county in Pennsylvania. The county's population was 52,822 at the time of the 2010 United States Census.[1] The county seat is the Borough of Honesdale.[2] The county was formed from part of Northampton County on March 21, 1798,[3] and was named for the Revolutionary War General Anthony Wayne.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Wayne County has a total area of 751 square miles (1,950 km2), of which 726 square miles (1,880 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (3.3%) is water.[4]

The terrain of the county is varied. In the wider northern half, the land is rugged along its border with New York State, while the southern portion tends to be swampier. Higher hills and mountains are predominantly found along the county's western edge, while lower ones are more common in the east, near the Delaware River. The middle section of Wayne County is a wide plain.

The highest elevation in the county, 2,659 ft (810 m), is the summit of Mount Ararat in Orson. Two other summits at the north end of the same ridge also exceed 2,640 ft (800 m) in elevation. The county's lowest point, at approximately 680 ft (210 m) above sea level, is along the Delaware, near Wayne County's border with Pike County, Pennsylvania.

Most of Wayne County is drained by the Delaware (which separates Pennsylvania from New York), with the exception of a few small areas in the western part of the county, which are drained by either the Starrucca Creek or the Lackawanna River (which both eventually flow into the Susquehanna River).

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 2,562
1810 4,125 61.0%
1820 4,127 0.0%
1830 7,663 85.7%
1840 11,848 54.6%
1850 21,890 84.8%
1860 32,239 47.3%
1870 33,188 2.9%
1880 33,513 1.0%
1890 31,010 −7.5%
1900 30,171 −2.7%
1910 29,236 −3.1%
1920 27,435 −6.2%
1930 28,420 3.6%
1940 29,934 5.3%
1950 28,478 −4.9%
1960 28,237 −0.8%
1970 29,581 4.8%
1980 35,237 19.1%
1990 39,944 13.4%
2000 47,722 19.5%
2010 52,822 10.7%
Est. 2014 51,401 [5] −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2014[1]

As of the Census of 2010, there were 52,822 people, 20,625 households, and 13,952 families in Wayne County. The county's population density was 72.797 people per square mile (28.107/km2), and there were 31,653 housing units at an average density of 43.623/sq mi (16.843/km2). The racial makeup of the populace was 94.2% White, 3.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.9% of other races, and 1.1% of two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of all races made up 3.4% of the population.[4][10]

67.6% of Wayne County's households were families, 53.9% were headed by a heterosexual married couple (Pennsylvania did not allow same-sex marriage until May 20, 2014, after the 2010 Census had been completed), and 26.6% included children under the age of 18. 9.2% of households were headed by a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% by a male householder with no wife present, and 32.4% consisted of non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% consisted of a person 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.87.[10]

Wayne County's age distribution was 21.1% under the age of 18, 4.5% between the ages of 18 and 24, 23.1% between 25 and 44, 32.4% between 45 and 64, and 19.0% 65 years of age or older. The population's median age was 45.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 110 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112 males in the same age range.[10]

According to American Community Survey (ACS) estimates, the median income for a household in Wayne County in 2013 was $49,313, and the median income for a family was $58,934. Males had a median income of $36,173, while females had a median income of $23,636. The per capita income for the county was $24,005. 8.4% of families and 12.2% of people were below the Census Bureau's poverty thresholds (different from the federally-defined poverty guidelines), including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.[11][12]

According to self-reported ancestry figures recorded by the ACS, the five largest ancestral groups in Wayne County in 2013 were Germans (30.3%), Irish (22.1%), Italians (13.9%), English (10.9%), and Poles (10.1%). Those reporting American ancestry made up 8.6% of the population.[13]

Politics[edit]

As of May 7, 2015, there are 31,129 registered voters in Wayne County, with the following party breakdown:[14]

The Republican Party has been historically dominant in county-level politics. On the statewide and national levels Wayne County leans heavily toward the Republican Party. In 2000 Republican George W. Bush won 59% to Democrat Al Gore 37%. In 2004 Republican George W. Bush won 62% to Democrat John Kerry 37%. In 2008 Republican John McCain won 55% to Democrat Barack Obama 43%.

Wayne County was one of the four counties that Barry Goldwater won in Pennsylvania.[15]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

US senators[edit]

US representative[edit]

State representatives[edit]

  • Sandra Major, Republican (111th district) - Buckingham, Clinton (partially), Lebanon, Manchester, Mount Pleasant, Oregon, Preston, and Scott Townships, and Starrucca Borough
  • Frank Farina, Democrat (115th district) - Canaan, Dreher, Lake, Lehigh, Salem, and Sterling Townships, and Waymart Borough
  • Michael Peifer, Republican (139th district) - Berlin, Cherry Ridge, Clinton (partially), Damascus, Dyberry, Palmyra, Paupack, South Canaan, and Texas Townships, and Bethany, Hawley, Honesdale, and Prompton Boroughs

State senator[edit]

County commissioners[edit]

  • Brian W. Smith, Republican (Chairman)[16]
  • Jonathan A. Fritz, Republican[16]
  • Wendell R. Kay, Democrat[16]

Other county officers[edit]

  • Auditors:[17] Carla Komar, Unknown; Kathy Schloesser, Unknown; Judy O'Connell, Unknown
  • Coroner:[18] Edward R. Howell, Republican
  • District Attorney:[19] Janine Edwards, Republican
  • Prothonotary:[20] Edward "Ned" Sandercock, Republican
  • Recorder of Deeds[21] and Register of Wills:[22] Ginger Golden, Republican
  • Sheriff:[23] Mark Steelman, Republican
  • Treasurer:[24] Brian T. Field, Republican

Healthcare services[edit]

Wayne County is served by the Wayne Memorial Health System. The Health System consists of Wayne Memorial Hospital in Honesdale and several other subsidiaries and/or affiliates. In addition, the community has a number of physicians and other professionals providing needed care. The Farview State Hospital is located in Farview.

Emergency services[edit]

Paramedic services are provided by three different agencies:

BLS services are provided as dispatched through the Wayne County Communication Center. These agencies include:

  • Newfoundland Area Ambulance, a volunteer ambulance corps, provides basic life support services in Dreher Township, and portions of adjoining Sterling and Lehigh townships.
  • Hawley Ambulance & Rescue Company provides BLS services.[28]
  • White Mills Community Ambulance provides BLS services.[28]
  • Northern Wayne Fire Company provides BLS service from their station on Route 370 in Lakewood.[29]

Maplewood Fire and Rescue provides QRS "quick response service" to all medical calls in Lake and Salem townships.

Correctional facilities[edit]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons United States Penitentiary, Canaan is in Canaan Township, near Waymart.[30][31]

Education[edit]

Map of Wayne County's school districts, colored in dark green, light green, orange, and red, and labeled by district. Text across the top reads "WAYNE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA SCHOOL DISTRICTS MAP."
Map of Wayne County's school districts.

Public school districts[edit]

Private schools[edit]

There are five private or parochial schools in Wayne County:

  • Canaan Christian Academy[32] in Varden
  • Damascus Christian Academy[33] in Damascus
  • Saint Dominic's Academy[34] in Honesdale
  • Serendipity Center Early Learning[35] in Hawley
  • Sonshine Christian Preschool and Daycare[36] in Hawley

Libraries[edit]

The Wayne Library Alliance[37] operates seven public libraries throughout the county:

  • The Bethany Public Library[38] in Bethany
  • The Community Library of Lake & Salem Townships[39] in Hamlin
  • The Hawley Public Library[40] in Hawley
  • The Newfoundland Area Public Library[41] in Newfoundland
  • The Northern Wayne Community Library[42] in Lakewood
  • The Pleasant Mount Public Library[43] in Pleasant Mount
  • The Wayne County Public Library[44] in Honesdale

Communities[edit]

Political map of Wayne County, Pennsylvania, with townships, boroughs, and census-designated places labeled. Townships are colored white and boroughs and CDPs are colored various shades of orange.
Map of Wayne County with municipalities and CDPs labeled.

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: boroughs, cities, townships, and one town. Wayne County has only boroughs and townships. The latter type is classified based on population by the state government; all of its townships are second-class. A complete list of the county's municipalities follows:

Boroughs[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

In addition, Pennsylvania also has a few types of unincorporated communities, namely villages and private communities. Villages are unincorporated communities within a township, often defined by ZIP code boundaries, property deeds, and local consensus, but which have no official boundaries or population, unless they are also census-designated places (CDPs), geographical areas designated by the US Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. Regardless of whether or not they are CDPs, however, they are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Private communities are gated settlements usually governed by a community association, which also often defines the boundaries of the community and may keep track of the number of its members. However, like villages, private communities have no official boundaries or populations, unless they are CDPs, and are never Pennsylvanian jurisdictions. The following is an incomplete list by necessity, but more complete lists of Wayne County's villages and private communities may be found in the corresponding township entry.

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Wayne County, PA". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Goodrich, Phineas G. (1992) [1880]. History of Wayne County. Baltimore: Gateway Press, Inc. 
  4. ^ a b 2014 Census National Counties Gazetteer File for Pennsylvania (Report). United States Census Bureau. 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Wayne County, Pennsylvania (Report). U.S. Department of Commerce. 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  11. ^ SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Wayne County, Pennsylvania (Report). U.S. Department of Commerce. 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  12. ^ OCCUPATION BY SEX AND MEDIAN EARNINGS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2013 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS) FOR THE CIVILIAN EMPLOYED POPULATION 16 YEARS AND OVER 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Wayne County, Pennsylvania (Report). U.S. Department of Commerce. 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  13. ^ SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Wayne County, Pennsylvania (Report). U.S. Department of Commerce. 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Registration Statistics as of May 7, 2015". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 7 May 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  15. ^ David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas
  16. ^ a b c "Commissioners". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  17. ^ "Auditors". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  18. ^ "Coroner". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  19. ^ "District Attorney". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  20. ^ "Prothonotary". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "Recorder of Deeds". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  22. ^ "Register of Wills". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  23. ^ "Sheriff". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  24. ^ "Treasurer". Wayne County, PA. Wayne County Courthouse. 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  25. ^ http://waemt.squarespace.com/service-area/
  26. ^ http://thetimes-tribune.com/news/business/moses-taylor-hospital-acquires-lackawanna-ambulance-1.1527834
  27. ^ Cottage Hose Ambulance Employee Manual
  28. ^ a b Ambulance Company still struggles after fire, Wayne Independence, January 14, 2013
  29. ^ http://firedepartment.net/directory/pennsylvania/wayne-county/lakewood/northern-wayne-fire-company
  30. ^ "USP Canaan Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on February 23, 2011. "3057 EASTON TURNPIKE WAYMART, PA 18472."
  31. ^ "Canaan township, Wayne County, Pennsylvania." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on February 23, 2011.
  32. ^ "Canaan Christian Academy". Canaan Christian Academy. Canaan Christian Academy. 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  33. ^ "First Baptist Church of Damascus". First Baptist Church of Damascus. First Baptist Church of Damascus. 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  34. ^ "Saint Dominic's Academy". Saint Dominic's Academy. Saint Dominic's Academy. 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  35. ^ "Serendipity Center Inc". upspringTM. Upspring. 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  36. ^ "Sonshine Christian Preschool and Daycare". yelp. Yelp, Inc. 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  37. ^ "Wayne County Pennsylvania Public Libraries". Wayne County Pennsylvania Public Libraries. Wayne County Pennsylvania Public Libraries. 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  38. ^ "Bethany Public Library Home Page!". Bethany Public Library Home Page!. Bethany Public Library Home Page!. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  39. ^ "Community Library of Lake & Salem Townships". Facebook. Facebook, Inc. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  40. ^ "Hawley Public Library". Hawley Borough. Dynamic Technology Software, Inc. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  41. ^ "Newfoundland Area Public Library". Wayne County Pennsylvania Public Libraries. Wayne County Pennsylvania Public Libraries. 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  42. ^ "Northern Wayne Community Library". Wayne County Pennsylvania Public Libraries. Wayne County Pennsylvania Public Libraries. 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  43. ^ "Pleasant Mount Public Library". Facebook. Facebook, Inc. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  44. ^ "Wayne County PA Library". Facebook. Facebook, Inc. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014.