Lancaster Royal Grammar School
|Motto||Praesis ut Prosis, ("Lead in order to serve")|
|Type||Academy Grammar school
Day and boarding school
|Headteacher||Dr Christopher Pyle|
|DfE URN||136742 Tables|
|Ofsted||Reports Pre-academy reports|
|Former pupils||Old Lancastrians|
Lancaster Royal Grammar School (LRGS) is a selective grammar school (day and boarding) for boys aged 11–18 in Lancaster, Lancashire, England. It also has academy status. Old students belong to The Old Lancastrians. The school values sporting success as well as academic. It is one of England's 36 state boarding schools.
The school was founded between 1235–1256, probably nearer to the former, and was later endowed as a free school by John Gardyner. The first definite mention of the old grammar school is found in a deed dated 4 August 1469, when the Abbess of Syon granted to John Gardyner, of Bailrigg (near Lancaster), a lease of a water-mill on the River Lune and some land nearby for two hundred years to maintain a chaplain to celebrate worship in the Church of St. Mary, Lancaster, and to instruct boys in grammar freely, "unless perchance something shall be voluntarily offered by their friends".
In 1472, John Gardyner's will made further provisions for the endowment of the school, and also for William Baxstonden to keep the school so long as he could teach the students. In 1682, the school was rebuilt and in 1852 was removed from the old site on the slopes by the priory to the outskirts of the city, where it now stands (though the city has expanded beyond it).
This building (now known as Old School House), which stands on the north side of East Road, was designed by the local architects Sharpe and Paley at a cost of £8,000 (equivalent to £780,000 in 2015). The foundation stone was laid on 5 May 1851 by Rt Revd James Prince Lee, the Bishop of Manchester. The title "Royal" was granted by Queen Victoria in the same year. This building is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.
Dates are of taking office.
|(1235)||Thomas de Kirkham||Before 1291||Magr. Thomas de Kirkham|
|Before 1284||Magr. William de Lancaster|
|c.1311||Magr. William de Lancaster||Before 1338||John Banastre|
|Before 1501||Sir Ralph Elcock||Before 1553||Robert Mackerell|
|Before 1547||John Lunde|
|Before 1613||Mr Walden||1663||Edward Holden|
|Before 1613||Rev. Roger Brook M.A||1677||Rev. John Barrow M.A.|
|1621||Rev. John Foster||1681||Thomas Lodge|
|1631||Rev. James Schoolcroft M.A.||1690||Rev. William Bordley, M.A.|
|1653||Rev. Michael Altham|
|1708||Rev. Thomas Holme.||1765||Rev. James Watson|
|1725||Stephen Lewis||1794||Rev. John Widditt|
|1733||Rev. William Johnson, M.A..|
|1802||Rev. Joseph Rowley, M.A.,||1872||Rev. William Emmanuel Pryke, M.A.|
|1812||Rev. John Beethom, M.A.,||1893||George Alfred Stocks, M.A.|
|1850||Rev. Thomas Faulkner Lee, D.D|
|1903||Rev. Herbert Armstrong Watson, D.D.,||1961||John Lorraine Spencer, M.A.|
|1912||Rev. John Henry Shackleton Bailey, D.D.||1972||Anthony Michael Joyce, M.A.|
|1939||Robert Raymond Timberlake, M.A.||1983||Peter John Mawby, M.A.|
|2001||Andrew Jarman, M.A.||2012||Christopher Pyle, Ph.D.|
The Grammar School has a tradition of raising money for charity each year during the Lenten term. The charities are selected by the Seward Committee where students propose and select which organisations to donate money to, generally two local, two national and two international charities. All students take part in a yearly set run and are encouraged to collect sponsorship donations, helping raise up to £20,000 in a year. Not all the income comes from the run, though, as students organise a large variety of events amongst which are cake sales, raffles and even a teachers' version of the BBC Radio 4 panel show Just a Minute.
When the national anthem is sung at events such as Founders' Day, the second line is changed to "Long live our noble Duke" in recognition of the Duchy of Lancaster. Duke is kept irrespective of whether the ruling Monarch is male or female; thus Queen Elizabeth II is known by tradition as the Duke of Lancaster, not Duchess.
Until September 2015, LRGS used the more traditional '1st year, 2nd year, 3rd year...' system for naming years, rather than the modern 'Year 7, 8, 9...' system - a tradition that had been in place since the 1973/74 academic year. The tradition came under threat in May 2015, when some of the school's teachers made it clear that they would rather use the modern system, to avoid confusion when communicating with other schools and organisations using that system. An online petition was set up, garnering over a thousand signatures from students, teachers and Old Lancastrians. The change was also opposed by the senior prefect team. However, at the start of the next academic year (2015/16), the school officially changed to the modern system, despite the considerable opposition.
For a period the school ran a preparatory department, which was located in Gardyner House as was officially "Form 1". Although this closed in the 1950s it was not until 1973 that the year groups were renumbered - prior to September that year year groups were numbered 2, 3, 4, Shell (abbreviated to "Sh") and 5 (followed by Lower, Middle and Upper Sixth). Other traditions that ended in the 1970s were the singing of the school song (before 1972 - but still sung at Old Lancastrian meetings), the requirement to wear a school cap (ended from 1972/3 - though they were still on sale until 1979), shorts for junior boarders (which was also abolished in September 1973), and houses for day-students (which were wound up in 1974).
The school is regularly one of the strongest state schools both regionally and nationally. Pupils achieved 19% A* grades at A-level and 34% A* grades at GCSE in 2012.  Over 90% of students go on to further education and a number gain places at Oxford and Cambridge Universities.
The 2007 Ofsted report stated that "this is an outstanding school that provides very good value for money. The overwhelming majority of parents value greatly the school and its impact on their children."
In 2005 just under three-quarters of A-level entries resulted in grades A or B (excluding General Studies) while at GCSE three-quarters of all grades were A* or A, with nearly all pupils gaining 10 passes and five pupils gaining a clean sweep of A* grades. In 2011 the A*-C grade was over 95%, only 1% below its counterpart Lancaster Girls' Grammar school.
LRGS is a state boarding school with four boarding houses (Storey, Frankland, Ashton and School Houses) and 170 boarders. The majority of boarders come from the northwest of England; others come from across the UK and overseas. Ofsted inspectors found boarding to be Outstanding in all categories in 2013.
LRGS is home to a wide range of student run societies, including a Literature Society, History Society, Science Society, Armchair Generals, Duke of Edinburgh's award, and the Whewell Society. The Whewell Society, named in honour of William Whewell, an old student, was founded in 1908 and is the oldest continuous society in the school. It was founded by the sixth form as a society to promote the arts, music and debate. Since the 1950s, the society has been purely a debating society and has enjoyed success in competitions. It continues to thrive under student leadership.
The school offers a wide range of sporting activities to the students throughout their school careers including tennis, sailing, swimming, rowing, cross country running etc. but remains a bastion of rugby union. Achievement in this code is generally accorded more prominence in school life than other activities but the school has achieved more notable success in rowing and cross country running, especially when their far lower budgets are taken into account. Nonetheless, the school has produced some notable figures in rugby union such as the former England and Bath coach Brian Ashton, former captain of Norway Erik Lund and his brother the England international Magnus Lund.
Former Pupils have achieved Olympic success. Jason Queally, took track cycling gold in the 1 km time trial at the 2000 Summer Olympics and Scott Durant won gold with the British Men's Eight in the 2016 Summer Olympics (see Boat Club).
In 2011, the LRGS lst XI won the Local Football Cup, beating Morecambe High School 1-0 at the Globe Arena with a fine performance from the entire squad.
In 2015 the U13s won the Lancashire Cup Final against Audenshaw 20 points to 5
In 2012, the LRGS 1st XV reached the last 8 of the Rosslyn Park National 7s tournament and the U16s reached the last 32.
In 2010, the 1st XV, won the Lancashire Cup Final, and became champions in a hard fought match against Merchant Taylor's Crosby, this achievement was followed by the U14s and the U15s who were victorious in finals against Merchant Taylor's Crosby and Manchester Grammar School, respectively.
In 2009, the U13s and U14s reached the finals of the Lancashire Cup, however both lost narrowly against Manchester Grammar School. In the 2008/2009 season, LRGS won the Lancashire schools cup in the U18s and the U13s as well as winning the Floodlit cup for Lancashire and Cheshire in the U16s. They also set a new record with four teams reaching the county finals. While, in 2007/2008 season, LRGS won the Lancashire Cup in the U15 and U16 age groups.
In recent years the school has enjoyed an improved reputation in cricket with recent highlights including the school's 1st XI Cricket team's narrow defeat in the Sir Garfield Sobers Tournament at The Kensington Oval Barbados in July 2011. The school achieved a victory over Charterhouse School in the final of the Lord's Taverners Cricketer Colts Trophy for Schools in 1999, and enjoyed a run to the semi final of the Daily Mail U18 Cup in 2004.
In 2010, LRGS became the U19 and U16 district champions for table tennis.
Lancaster Royal Grammar School Boat Club was founded in 1948. They were tenants of Lancaster John O' Gaunt Rowing Club from 1985 to 2011. In 2011 the Boat Club relocated to Halton Army Training Camp.
The boat club had 15 years of national success under Tim Lucas achieving medal success in either the Schools' Head of the River Race, The National Schools Regatta or the National Rowing Championships for ten consecutive years from 1992 to 2002. The club also made at least the final of a national event from 1992 to 2006. The club has had much international success with members of the boat club rowing at a national level, including the Munich International Regatta in 2006 and the Coupe de la Jeunesse in 2006. His successor Peter Jago coached OL Scott Durant who was member of the Great Britain Eight that won gold in the 2016 Olympic Summer Games. Scott started rowing at Lancaster Royal Grammar School aged 15 with his twin brother Mason.
In 2015 Storm Desmond devastated the boathouse, destroying many boats from the fleet. However, the club has since obtained a new fleet of Kanghua boats and a larger boathouse.
Cross Country Club
Although the school's main sports during the summer and winter are cricket and rugby respectively, in recent years, it is the school's cross country squad that has achieved the most recognition nationally. The school's rise to prominence began in the late 2000s under the coaching of Mr Andrew Yelland, with several LRGS athletes being chosen to represent Lancashire, at the English School's Cross Country. In 2009 for instance, the school had 6 County runners. In 2010 LRGS won the prestigious Northern School Cross Country Championships for the first time, and continued this feat in 2011 and 2012 – the latter being particularly special as LRGS were the victors in all 5 students' races. The school also won the famous Stonyhurst Invitation Race in 2011 and 2012, recorded a 5th-place finish in the National Schools Cross Country Relays in 2011, and a 3rd-place finish in the Intermediate Boys English Schools Cross Country Cup in the same year. The club also boasts the National Schools Senior Fell Running Champions from 2011, and several National medallists – Ben Akin was 2nd at the English Schools Intermediate Boys 800m in 2009, Beau Smith was 3rd at the English National Championships over 800m the following year, and Callum Mason was 3rd at the English Schools Mountain Running Championships in 2011.
Combined Cadet Force
The Combined Cadet Force (CCF) at LRGS comprises Royal Navy, Army and Royal Air Force sections. Pupils in year nine and above are allowed to join. It parades on Tuesday afternoons after school and is voluntary. All sections participate in camps throughout the year, including an annual summer camp during the summer holidays, and an Easter camp involving adventurous training in which all three sections can participate.
The School has had its own CCF since 1914, then known as the Officer Training Corps. Its roots, however, can be traced back further still, as there are "references to the existence at Lancaster of a Cadet Volunteer Battalion in the early nineteenth century". and in 1861, the seventy-strong Battalion was presented with a silver bugle "by Mrs Lee, wife of the Headmaster".
The Royal Navy Section consists of around 25 cadets, including girls from Lancaster Girls' Grammar School, who have been participating since September 2012. The main activities offered are water-based, and the section often goes sailing on Marine Lake, Southport. Cadets in the Navy section also attend national camps and courses run by HQ CCF RN, on which cadets can gain nationally recognised qualifications in topics from power boating to first aid.
The Army Section is approximately 60 students strong. They participate in camps throughout the year including an annual camp that lasts over a week, and an Easter Camp where they take part in firing the L98-A2 Cadet GP Rifle. Annual Camp 2007 was at a CCF Central Camp at Wathgill, in North Yorkshire. Annual camp 2016 was in Warcop, Cumbria, with annual camp 2017 set to be held at Nesscliffe training camp, Shropshire. In the September of 2017 the Army section is set to include girls from Lancaster Girls' Grammar School.
The Royal Air Force section, similar to the Navy Section, contains female cadets. It is the most popular section with about 40 cadets, who receive flying lessons in the Grob Tutor T.1 aircraft and gliding lessons in the Grob Vigilant G 109 glider. Opportunities for flying and gliding scholarships, as well as various leadership courses, are also available to the most dedicated and talented cadets. The most recent RAF Easter camp was held at RAF Valley, with the summer camp being held at RAF Halton. An inspection, known as the Bi-ennial inspection takes place every two years. In 2012 the inspection took place at Halton Training Camp. Former pupils have gone on to become commercial pilots.
All three sections of the CCF learn how to use the L98-A2 Cadet GP Rifle. Various shooting activities take place for all three sections and new recruits in the Army section are tested on the GP Rifle during Easter at Sealand Ranges
The LRGS senior team has enjoyed much success in the Schools' Challenge, with the most recent entry resulting in the team winning the whole competition as well as in 2010 and netting the Plate in 2011. They also won the 2012 (and 2013) competition in Westminster, beating Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School in a close final.
The juniors have won on 3 occasions (1995, 2007 and 2008) and hope to do well in this year's quiz. In Winchester, the team won the Plate Competition (for first-round losers), which equals the senior record this year. In the 2012 competition they lost to Hutchesons' Grammar School.
Notable former pupils
Former pupils are known as "Old Lancastrians" and there are several branches of the club in the UK and worldwide. Notable Old Lancastrians include:
- Joe Abercrombie, author;
- Prof. Roger Ainsworth, Master of St Catherine's College, Oxford and Professor of Engineering Science from 1998;
- Robert Ascroft, Conservative MP for Oldham from 1895–9;
- Brian Ashton, England rugby union team former Head Coach;
- John Bateson, chief executive of AMEC from 1988–95;
- Brigadier Alexander Birtwistle CBE, Army officer;
- Roger Bradley, President of the Institute of Chartered Foresters from 1996–8;
- Prof. Harold Burrow, Professor of Veterinary Medicine at the Royal Veterinary College from 1944–63;
- Phil Christophers, England rugby international;
- Sean Cox, plays for Sale Sharks Rugby Union team;
- James Crosby, former chief executive of the HBOS Group and former Deputy Chairman of the FSA;
- Prof. David Dernie, Head of the Manchester School of Architecture since 2005;
- Prof. Peter Dornan, Professor of Physics at Imperial College London since 1991;
- Most Rev. Edward Dunn, Archbishop of the West Indies from 1936–43;
- Scott Durant, Olympic rower, gold medallist in the 2016 Summer Olympic Games;
- Phillip Fawcett, pianist;
- Don Foster, Liberal Democrat MP;
- Sir Edward Frankland (1825–1899), chemist;
- Robert Guymer CBE, Leader of Surrey County Council from 1977–81;
- Frederick Crossfield Happold (1893-1971), headmaster and army officer awarded DSO in 1916;
- Edward Hughes (1953-2006), 'one of Britain's finest potters'. Work in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London and the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge;
- Lewis Henry Isaacs (1830–1908), architect, surveyor and Conservative MP;
- Air Vice-Marshal George Lamb CB CBE, Station Commander of RAF Lyneham from 1969–71;
- Magnus Lund, England rugby international;
- Erik Lund, Norwegian rugby international captain;
- Jason McCartney, Conservative MP for Colne Valley;
- Nigel Morris, co-Founder and former COO of Capital One;
- Sir Richard Owen (1804–1892), naturalist;
- Karl Oyston, chief executive of Blackpool Football Club;
- Lord Parkinson, former Conservative Party Chairman and Cabinet Minister;
- Prof. Hugh Pennington Eminent biologist, head of the 1996 Pennington Enquiry, Professor of Bacteriology at the University of Aberdeen from 1979–2003;
- Colin Povey, chief executive of Warwickshire County Cricket Club and former chief executive of Carlsberg;
- Jason Queally, gold medal-winning cyclist at the 2000 Summer Olympics;
- Sir Peter Ratcliffe, Nuffield Professor of Clinical Medicine at the University of Oxford since 2004;
- Jon Richardson, one of the country's top comedians; Appeared on Michael McIntyre's Comedy Roadshow and Have I Got News For You – 2009 Edinburgh Comedy Award nominee;
- Kevin Roberts, CEO Worldwide Saatchi & Saatchi;
- Sir John Rutherford, 1st Baronet, Conservative MP for Darwen from 1895–1922;
- David Roy Shackleton Bailey (1917–2005), Latin Scholar;
- Prof. Richard Shaw CBE, Principal of the University of Paisley from 1992–2001;
- Bob Shennan, BBC radio executive and Controller of BBC Radio 2;
- Douglas Smallwood, Chairman of Diabetes UK since 2004;
- William Swainson (1809-1884), second Attorney General of New Zealand;
- Professor Sir Bryan Thwaites;
- Prof. Paul Wellings, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Wollongong since 2012;
- William Whewell (1794–1866), scientist;
- Richard Widdess, Professor of Musicology, SOAS, University of London;
- Henry Wilson, Co-Founder of White Star Line, the owners of the Titanic;
- Dr. Robert Samuel Woof, OBE;
- John Woolrich, Composer, Professor of Music, Brunel University;
- John Wrathall (1913–1978), President of Rhodesia;
- Frank Wrathall, Racing driver in the BTCC.
- A.L. Murray. The Royal Grammar School Lancaster. A History. Heffer 1951.
- UK Consumer Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", MeasuringWorth.com.
- Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) , Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 410–411, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9
- Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, pp. 215–216, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
- Hughes, John M. (2010), Edmund Sharpe: Man of Lancaster, John M. Hughes, p. 240
- Historic England. "Royal Grammar School (Old School), Lancaster (1194925)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "BBC league table". BBC News. 10 January 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- "LRGS boarding is outstanding". Boarding Schools Association. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
-  Archived 16 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Lancaster Royal Grammar School | Boys' Grammar | State Boarding". LRGS. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- British Rowing Almanack and ARA Year Book 2003. Hammersmith, London: The Amateur Rowing Association. 2003. p. 369. ISBN 978-0-7146-5251-1.
- Sullivan, Steven. "History of Lancaster John O' Gaunt Rowing Club". Lancaster John O'Gaunt Rowing Club website. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
- Sullivan, Steven. "Lancaster John O' Gaunt Rowing Club – The 2000s". Lancaster John O'Gaunt Rowing Club website. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- Fidler, J., Lancaster Royal Grammar School: A History of the OTC & CCF. York: G. H. Smith and Son, 2001. p. 1 ISBN 0-904775-27-5.
- http://www.hqccfrn.co.uk/courses.htm HQ CCF RN website. Retrieved 7 January 2013.