Leader of the Opposition (Thailand)

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Leader of the Opposition
ผู้นำฝ่ายค้านในสภาผู้แทนราษฎร
Incumbent
Vacant

since 9 December 2013
Term length While leader of the largest political party not in government
Formation 22 March 1975
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The Leader of the Opposition (Thai: ผู้นำฝ่ายค้านในสภาผู้แทนราษฎร; rtgsPhu Nam Fai Khan Nai Sapha Phu Thaen Ratsadon) is the politician in the politics of Thailand who leads the main minority party in the House of Representatives. Following the Westminster style parliamentary system, Thailand has had an official Leader of the Opposition since 1975. Under the 2007 Constitution the Leader of the Opposition was given an official role within the Thai political system. The constitution stipulates that the Leader of the Opposition must be selected after the Prime Minister and the Cabinet has taken office.

To be nominated as candidate one must be the leader of the largest political party with no member holding any ministerial positions and if his or her party holds more or one-fifth (96 seats) of the seats in the House (480 seats). If no candidate meets this qualification then a leader of a minority party with the largest number of votes from parties with no members holding ministerial positions will be selected. The appointment will then be formalized by the King.

The Leader of the Opposition also has other roles apart from leading the Shadow Cabinet, he is also an ex-officio member of several selection committees for: Constitutional Court Judges, Election Commissioners, Ombudsmen and commissioners of the National Counter Corruption Commission and members of the State Audit Commission.

List of Opposition leaders[edit]

Political parties

Colour key
(for political parties)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Main Opposition Group Prime Minister

(Term)

Took office Left office Days
Senipramoj Cropped.jpg Seni Pramoj

(1905–1997)

22 March 1975 12 January 1976 296 Democrat Party DP Kukrit Pramoj
Position vacant 12 January 1976 4 April 1976 83 —— DP
คีกฤทธิ์ ปราโมช.jpg Kukrit Pramoj

(1911–1995)

4 April 1976 6 October 1976 185 Social Action Party SA Seni Pramoj
Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Udom Srisuwan 6 October 1976 11 November 1977 928 Communist Party of Thailand CM Tanin Kraivichien
11 November 1977 22 April 1979 Kriangsak Chamanan
คีกฤทธิ์ ปราโมช.jpg Kukrit Pramoj

(1911–1995)

22 April 1979 3 March 1980 316 Social Action Party SA
Samak Sundaravej.JPG Samak Sundaravej

(1935–2009)

3 March 1980 19 March 1983 1111 Thai Citizens' Party TCP Prem Tinsulanonda
Position vacant 19 March 1983 24 April 1983 36 —— TCP
Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Pramarn Adireksarn

(1913–2010)

24 April 1983 1 May 1986 1103 Thai Nation Party CTP
Position vacant 1 May 1986 11 August 1986 102 —— CTP
Samak Sundaravej.JPG Samak Sundaravej

(1935–2009)

11 August 1986 29 April 1988 729 Thai Citizens' Party TCP
Position vacant 29 April 1988 3 August 1988 96 —— TCP
Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Narong Wongwan

(1925–)

3 August 1988 9 December 1990 858 Solidarity Party SP Chatichai Choonhavan
Bhichai Rattakul 2010-04-01.jpg Bhichai Rattakul

(1926–)

9 December 1990 23 February 1991 76 Democrat Party DP
Position vacant 23 February 1991 1 March 1991 393 ——
1 March 1991 22 March 1992 Anand Panyarachun
Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
(1932–)
22 March 1992 30 June 1992 100 New Aspiration Party NAP Suchinda Krapayoon
Position vacant 30 June 1992 13 September 1992 75 —— NAP Anand Panyarachun
Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Pramarn Adireksarn

(1913–2010)

13 September 1992 7 May 1994 601 Thai Nation Party CTP Chuan Leekpai
Banharn Silpa-archa (cropped).jpg Banharn Silpa-archa
(1932–2016)
7 May 1994 19 May 1995 421 Thai Nation Party CTP
Position vacant 19 May 1995 2 July 1995 44 ——
Chuan Leekpai.jpg Chuan Leekpai
(1938–)
2 July 1995 27 September 1996 453 Democrat Party DP Banharn Silpa-archa
Position vacant 27 September 1996 17 November 1996 51 —— DP
Chuan Leekpai.jpg Chuan Leekpai
(1938–)
17 November 1996 8 November 1997 356 Democrat Party DP Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
(1932–)
8 November 1997 2 June 1998 886 National Development Party NDP Chuan Leekpai
2 September 1998 27 April 1999 National Development Party NDP
12 May 1999 9 November 2000 National Development Party NDP
Position vacant 9 November 2000 6 January 2001 58 —— NDP
Chuan Leekpai.jpg Chuan Leekpai
(1938–)
6 January 2001 3 May 2003 847 Democrat Party DP Taksin Shinawatra
Banyat Bantadtan 2010-04-01.jpg Banyat Bantadtan
(1942–)
3 May 2003 5 January 2005 613 Democrat Party DP
Position vacant 5 January 2005 23 April 2005 108 DP
Abhisit royal.jpg Abhisit Vejjajiva
(1964–)
23 April 2005 24 February 2006 938 Democrat Party DP
Position vacant 24 February 2006 1 October 2006 730
1 October 2006 27 February 2008 Surayud Chalanont
Abhisit royal.jpg Abhisit Vejjajiva
(1964–)
27 February 2008 17 December 2008 294 Democrat Party DP Samak Sundaravej
PosterChalerm.png Chalerm Yubamrung
(1947–)
17 December 2008 5 August 2011 961 Pheu Thai Party PTP Abhisit Vejjajiva
Abhisit royal.jpg Abhisit Vejjajiva
(1964–)
6 August 2011 8 December 2013 855 Democrat Party DP Yingluck Shinawatra
Chaovarat Chanweerakul (cropped).jpg Chaovarat Chanweerakul

(1936–)

8 December 2013 9 December 2013 1 Bhumjaithai Party BJ
Position vacant 9 December 2013 22 May 2014 1234
22 May 2014 Present Prayut Chan-o-cha

See also[edit]

See also[edit]