Asia Cooperation Dialogue

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Asia Cooperation Dialogue
Member states in yellow
Member states in yellow
Headquarters Vacant
Type Regional cooperation organizations
 •  President Vacant
 •  Secretary General Bundit Limschoon[1]
Establishment 2002

The Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) is an intergovernmental organization created on 18 June 2002 to promote Asian cooperation at a continental level and to help integrate separate regional organizations such as ASEAN, SAARC, the Gulf Cooperation Council, and the EAEU.


It is the main objective of the former Thai Prime Minister to form the Asia Co-operation Dialogue or the forerunner to the Asian Union. The ACD's main members states are Kuwait, Pakistan, Bahrain, Sri Lanka, Turkey,Indonesia, Thailand, China and Japan, the so-called major nine ACD Nations.[2]


The main objectives of the ACD are to:

  1. Promote interdependence among Asian countries in all areas of cooperation by identifying Asia's common strengths and opportunities which will help reduce poverty and improve the quality of life for Asian people whilst developing a knowledge-based society within Asia and enhancing community and people empowerment;
  2. Expand the trade and financial market within Asia and increase the bargaining power of Asian countries in lieu of competition and, in turn, enhance Asia's economic competitiveness in the global market;
  3. Serve as the missing link in Asian cooperation by building upon Asia's potentials and strengths through supplementing and complementing existing cooperative frameworks so as to become a viable partner for other regions;
  4. Ultimately transform the Asian continent into an Asian Community, capable of interacting with the rest of the world on a more equal footing and contributing more positively towards mutual peace and prosperity.


The idea of an Asia Cooperation Dialogue was raised at the First International Conference of Asian Political Parties (held in Manila between 17–20 September 2000) by Surakiart Sathirathai, then deputy leader of the now defunct Thai Rak Thai Party, on behalf of his party leader, Thaksin Shinawatra, then Prime Minister of Thailand. It was suggested that Asia as a continent should have its own forum to discuss Asia-wide cooperation. Afterwards, the idea of the ACD was formally put forward during the 34th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting in Hanoi, 23–24 July 2001 and at the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Retreat in Phuket, 20–21 February 2002.

Ministerial Meetings

Member States[edit]

Membership and expansion of the Asia Cooperation Dialogue
Maldives Nepal Sri Lanka Bhutan Bangladesh India Thailand Myanmar Afghanistan Pakistan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Turkmenistan Iran Tajikistan Uzbekistan Azerbaijan Turkey Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan China Russia Brunei Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Kuwait Bahrain Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Japan Mongolia South Korea Armenia Georgia Iraq Israel Jordan Lebanon North Korea Palestine Syria Taiwan Timor-Leste Yemen Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation Mekong–Ganga Cooperation South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Association of Southeast Asian Nations Economic Cooperation Organization Turkic Council Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Gulf Cooperation Council Asia Cooperation Dialogue
A clickable Euler diagram showing the relationships between various Asian regional organisations vde

The ACD was founded by 18 members. Since September 2013, the organization consists of 33 states[7] as listed below (including all current members of ASEAN and the GCC). Overlapping regional organization membership in italics.

Name Accession date Regional organization
 Afghanistan 17 October 2012 SAARC, ECO
 Bahrain 18 June 2002 GCC, AL
 Bangladesh 18 June 2002 SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Bhutan [t 1] 27 September 2004 SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Brunei 18 June 2002 ASEAN
 Cambodia 18 June 2002 ASEAN, MCG
 China 18 June 2002
 India 18 June 2002 SAARC, BIMSTEC, MCG
 Indonesia 18 June 2002 ASEAN
 Iran 21 June 2004 ECO
 Japan 18 June 2002
 Kazakhstan [t 2] 21 June 2003 CIS, ECO
 South Korea 18 June 2002
 Kuwait 21 June 2003 GCC, AL
 Kyrgyzstan[8] 16 October 2008 CIS, ECO
 Laos 18 June 2002 ASEAN, MCG
 Malaysia 18 June 2002 ASEAN
 Mongolia 21 June 2004
 Myanmar 18 June 2002 ASEAN, BIMSTEC, MCG
 Oman 21 June 2003 GCC, AL
 Pakistan 18 June 2002 SAARC, ECO
 Philippines 18 June 2002 ASEAN,
 Qatar 18 June 2002 GCC, AL
 Russia [t 2] 4 April 2005 CIS, CoE
 Saudi Arabia 4 April 2005 GCC, AL
 Singapore 18 June 2002 ASEAN
 Sri Lanka 21 June 2003 SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Tajikistan 5 June 2006 CIS, ECO
 Thailand 18 June 2002 ASEAN, BIMSTEC, MCG
 Turkey[7][t 2] 26 September 2013 CoE,[t 3] ECO
 United Arab Emirates 21 June 2004 GCC, AL
 Uzbekistan 5 June 2006 CIS, ECO
 Vietnam 18 June 2002 ASEAN, MCG
  1. ^ One more membership request was finally confirmed at the ACD Breakfast Meeting of 27 September 2004
  2. ^ a b c Located partially in Europe.
  3. ^ Turkey is a European Union candidate since 1999.

Other Asian countries[edit]

The remaining non-member Asian countries and regions have so far not expressed interest in joining the ACD. Overlapping regional organization membership in italics.

Name Regional organization
 Armenia [I 1] CIS, CoE
 Azerbaijan [I 2] CIS, CoE, ECO
 Cyprus [I 1][I 3] EU, CoE
 East Timor ASEAN candidate, PIF observer
 Egypt [I 4] AL, AU
 Georgia [I 2] CoE
 Iraq AL
 Israel CoE observer
 Jordan AL
 Lebanon AL
 Maldives SAARC
 North Korea
 Palestine AL
 Papua New Guinea [I 5] ASEAN candidate, PIF
 Syria AL
 Taiwan [I 6]
 Turkmenistan CIS associate, ECO
 Yemen AL, GCC candidate
  1. ^ a b Located entirely in West Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe.
  2. ^ a b Located partially in Europe.
  3. ^ Cyprus is European Union member since 2004.
  4. ^ Located mostly in Africa.
  5. ^ Located entirely in Oceania but having socio-political connections with Asia.
  6. ^ Republic of China (Taiwan) has not been able to join the ACD due to strong opposition from China which claims the island as part of its territory. See Legal status of Taiwan and Political status of Taiwan for details.

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]