Library of Congress Classification:Class H -- Social sciences

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Class H: Social Sciences is a classification used by the Library of Congress Classification system. This article outlines the subclasses of Class H.

H -- Social sciences (General)[edit]

1-99.......Social Sciences (General)

HA -- Statistics[edit]

1-4737.......Statistics
29-32.......Theory and method of social science statistics
36-37.......Statistical services. Statistical bureaus
38-39.......Registration of vital events. Vital records
154-4737.......Statistical data
154-155.......Universal statistics
175-473.......By region or country

HB -- Economic theory; Demography[edit]

1-3840..........Economic theory. Demography
71-74..........Economics as a science. Relation to other subjects
75-130..........History of economics. History of economic theory (Including special economic schools)
131-147..........Methodology
135-147..........Mathematical economics. Quantitative methods (Including econometrics, input-output analysis, game theory)
201-206..........Value. Utility
221-236..........Price
238-251..........Competition. Production. Wealth
501..........Capital. Capitalism
522-715..........Income. Factor shares
535-551..........Interest
601..........Profit
615-715..........Entrepreneurship. Risk and uncertainty. Property
801-843..........Consumption. Demand
846-846.8..........Welfare theory
848-3697..........Demography. Population. Vital events
3711-3840..........Business cycles. Economic fluctuations

HC -- Economic history and conditions[edit]

10-1085.......Economic history and conditions
79...........Special topics (Including air pollution, automation, consumer demand, famines, flow of funds, etc.)
92...........Economic geography of the oceans (General)
94-1085......By region or country

HD -- Industries; Land use; Labor[edit]

28-9999..........Industries. Land use. Labor
28-70..........Management. Industrial management
39-40.7..........Capital. Capital investments
41..........Competition
45-45.2..........Technological innovations. Automation
47-47.4..........Costs
49-49.5..........Crisis management. Emergency management. Inflation
50-50.5..........Delegation of authority. Decentralization. Span of control
56-57.5..........Industrial productivity
58..........Location of industry
58.7-58.95..........Organizational behavior, change and effectiveness. Corporate culture
59-59.6..........Public relations. Industrial publicity
60-60.5..........Social responsibility of business
61..........Risk in industry. Risk management
62..........Standardization. Simplification. Waste
62.2-62.8..........Management of special enterprises
66-66.2..........Work groups. Team work in industry. Quality circles
69..........Other (Including business consultants, capacity, size of industries, etc.)
72-88..........Economic growth, development, planning
101-1395.5..........Land use. Land tenure
1286-1289..........Communal ownership
1290-1291..........Municipal ownership
1301-1313..........Nationalization (Agrarian socialism)
1326-1329..........Large holdings
1330-1331..........Landlord and peasant
1332-1333.5..........Land reform. Agrarian reform
1334-1335..........Consolidation of land holdings
1336-1339..........Small holdings. Peasant proprietors. Parcellation
1361-1395.5..........Real estate business
1401-2210..........Agriculture
1428-1431..........International cooperation
1470-1476..........Size of farms
1478..........Sharecropping
1483-1486..........Agricultural associations, societies, etc.
1491-1491.5..........Cooperative agriculture
1492-1492.5..........Collective farms
1493-1493.5..........Government owned and operated farms. State farms. Sovkhozes
1501-1542..........Agricultural classes (Including farm tenancy, agricultural laborers)
1549..........Gleaning
1580..........Reclamation of agricultural land. Melioration
1635-1702..........Utilization and culture of special classes of lands (Including pasture lands, water resources development)
1711-1741..........Irrigation
2321-4730.9..........Industry
2329..........Industrialization
2330..........Rural industries
2331-2336..........Home labor. Home-based businesses
2337-2339..........Sweatshops
2340.8-2346.5..........Small and medium-sized businesses, artisans, handicrafts, trades
2350.8-2356..........Large industry. Factory system. Big business
2365-2385..........Contracting. Letting of contracts
2421-2429..........Trade associations
2709-2930.7..........Corporations (Including international business enterprises, diversification, industrial concentration, public utilities)
2951-3575..........Cooperation. Cooperative societies
3611-4730.9..........Industrial policy. The state and industrial organization (Including licensing of occupations and professions, subsidies, inspection, government ownership, municipal services)
4801-8943..........Labor. Work. Working class
4861-4895..........Labor systems
4909-5100.9..........Wages
5106-5267..........Hours of labor (Including overtime, shift work, sick leave, vacations)
5306-5474..........Labor disputes. Strikes and lockouts
5481-5630.7..........Industrial arbitration. Mediation and conciliation
5650-5660..........Employee participation in management. Employee ownership. Industrial democracy. Works councils
5701-6000.9..........Labor market. Labor supply. Labor demand (Including unemployment, manpower policy, occupational training, employment agencies)
6050-6305..........Classes of labor (Including women, children, students, middle-aged and older persons, minorities)
6350-6940.7..........Trade unions. Labor unions. Workers' associations
6941-6948..........Employers' associations
6951-6957..........Industrial sociology. Social conditions of labor
6958.5-6976..........Industrial relations
6977-7080..........Cost and standard of living
7088-7252..........Social insurance. Social security. Pension
7255-7256..........Vocational rehabilitation. Employment of people with disabilities
7260-7780.8..........Industrial hygiene. Industrial welfare
7795-8027..........Labor policy. Labor and the state
8031..........Labor in politics. Political activity of the working class
8038..........Professions (General). Professional employees
8039..........By industry or trade
8045-8943..........By region or country
9000-9999..........Special industries and trades
9000-9495..........Agricultural industries
9502-9502.5..........Energy industries. Energy policy. Fuel trade
9506-9624..........Mineral industries. Metal trade
9650-9663..........Chemical industries
9665-9675..........Pharmaceutical industry
9680-9714..........Mechanical industries (Including electric utilities, electronic industries, and machinery)
9715-9717.5..........Construction industry
9720-9975..........Manufacturing industries
9999..........Miscellaneous industries and trades

HE -- Transportation and communications[edit]

1-9990..........Transportation and communications

199-199.5..........Freight (General)
199.9..........Passenger traffic (General)
305-311..........Urban transportation
323-328..........Transportation geography. Trade routes
331-380..........Traffic engineering. Roads and highways. Streets
369-373..........Traffic surveys (General)
374-377..........Bridges
379-380..........Tunnels. Vehicular tunnels
380.8-971..........Water transportation
380.8-560..........Waterways
561-971..........Shipping
730-943..........Merchant marine. Ocean shipping. Coastwise shipping
1001-5600..........Railroads. Rapid transit systems
5601-5725..........Automotive transportation (Including trucking, bus lines, and taxicab service)
5746-5749..........Stage lines
5751-5870..........Ferries
5880-5990..........Express service
6000-7500..........Postal service. Stamps. Philately
7511-7549..........Pneumatic service
7601-8700.9..........Telecommunication industry. Telegraph
8660-8688..........Wireless telegraph. Radiotelegraphy
8689-8700.95..........Radio and television broadcasting
8701-9680.7..........Telephone industry
9713-9715..........Cellular telephone services industry. Wireless telephone industry
9719-9721..........Artificial satellite telecommunications
9723-9737..........Signaling
9751-9756..........Messenger service
9761-9900..........Air transportation. Airlines

HF -- Commerce[edit]

1-6182..........Commerce

294-343..........Boards of trade. Chambers of commerce. Merchants' associations
1014..........Balance of trade
1021-1027..........Commercial geography. Economic geography
1040-1054..........Commodities. Commercial products
1701-2701..........Tariff. Free trade. Protectionism
3000-4055..........By region or country
5001-6182..........Business
5381-5386..........Vocational Guidance. Career development
5387-5387.5..........Business ethics
5410-5417.5..........Marketing. Distribution of products
5419-5422.......... Wholesale trade
5428-5429.6.......... Retail trade
5429.7-5430.6..........Shopping centers. Shopping malls
5437-5444..........Purchasing. Selling. Sales personnel. Sales executives
5446-5459..........Canvassing. Peddling
5460-5469.5..........Department stores. Mail order business. Supermarkets. Convenience stores
5469.7-5481..........Markets. Fairs
5482-5482.4..........Secondhand trade
5482.6-5482.65..........Black market
5484-5495..........Warehouses. Storage
5520-5541..........Office equipment and supplies
5546-5548.6..........Office management
5548.7-5548.85..........Industrial psychology
5549-5549.5..........Personnel management. Employment management
5601-5689..........Accounting. Bookkeeping
5691-5716..........Business mathematics. Commercial arithmetic (Including tables, etc.)
5717-5734.7..........Business communication (Including business report writing, business correspondence)
5735-5746..........Business records management
5761-5780..........Shipment of goods. Delivery of goods
5801-6182..........Advertising

HG -- Finance[edit]

1-9999..........Finance

178..........Liquidity
179..........Personal finance
201-1496..........Money
258-312..........Precious metals. Bullion
315..........Small coins
321-329..........Mints. Assaying
335-339..........Counterfeiting
348-353.5..........Paper money
361-363..........Legal tender
381-395..........International coinage
401-421..........Bimetallism
451-1496..........By region or country
1501-3550..........Banking
1621-1638..........Interest rates. Interest tables
1641-1643..........Bank loans. Bank credit. Commercial loans
1651-1654..........Discount
1655..........Acceptances
1656..........Bank reserves. Bank liquidity. Loan loss reserves
1660..........Bank accounts. Bank deposits. Deposit banking
1662..........Insurance of deposits. Deposit insurance
1685-1704..........Drafts. Checks
1706-1708..........Accounting. Bookkeeping
1709..........Data processing
1710-1710.5..........Electronic funds transfers
1722..........Bank mergers
1723..........Bank stocks. Banking as an investment
1725-1778..........Banks and the state. State supervision of banks
1811-2351..........Special classes of banks and financial institutions
2397-3550..........By region or country
3691-3769..........Credit. Debt. Loans (Including credit institutions, credit instruments, consumer credit, bankruptcy)
3810-4000..........Foreign exchange. International finance. International monetary system
4001-4285..........Finance management. Business finance. Corporation finance
4301-4480.9..........Trust services. Trust companies
4501-6051..........Investment, capital formation, speculation
4530..........Investment companies. Investment trusts. Mutual funds
4538..........Foreign investments
4551-4598..........Stock exchanges
4621..........Stockbrokers. Security dealers. Investment advisers
4701-4751..........Government securities. Industrial securities. Venture capital
4900-5993..........By region or country
6001-6051..........Speculation
6105-6270.9..........Lotteries
8011-9999..........Insurance
8053.5-8054.45..........Insurance for professions. Malpractice insurance. Professional liability insurance
8059..........Business insurance
8075-8107..........Insurance business. Insurance management
8111-8123..........Government policy. State supervision
8205-8220..........Government insurance
8501-8745..........By region or country
8751-9295..........Life insurance
8779-8793..........Actuarial science. Statistical theory and methodology applied to insurance
8799-8830..........By class insured, by risk, by plan
8835-8899..........Life insurance business. Management
8901-8914..........Government policy. State supervision
8941-9200.5..........By region or country
9201-9245..........Mutual life insurance. Assessment life insurance. Fraternal life insurance
9251-9262..........Industrial life insurance
9271..........Child insurance. Life insurance for children
9291-9295..........Maternity insurance
9301-9343..........Accident insurance
9371-9399..........Health insurance
9651-9899..........Fire insurance
9956-9969..........Casualty insurance
9969.5-9999..........Other insurance (Including automobile, burglary, credit, disaster, title )

HJ -- Public finance[edit]

9-9940..........Public finance

9-99.8 ..........Periodicals. Serials. By region or country
210-240..........History
241-1620..........By region or country
2005-2216..........Income and expenditure. Budget
2240-5908..........Revenue. Taxation. Internal revenue
2321-2323..........Tax incidence. Tax shifting. Tax equity
2326-2327..........Progressive taxation
2336-2337..........Tax exemption
2338..........Taxation of government property
2351..........Inflation and taxation
2351.4..........Tax revenue estimating
2361-3192.7..........By region or country
3801-3844..........Revenue from sources other than taxation
3863-3925..........Direct taxation
4113-4601..........Property tax
4629-4830..........Income tax
4919-4936..........Capitation. Poll tax
5309-5510..........Administrative fees. User charges. License fees
6603-7390.......... Customs administration
7461-7980..........Expenditures. Government spending
8001-8899..........Public debts
8052..........Sinking funds. Amortization
8101-8899..........By region or country
9103-9695..........Local finance. Municipal finance.
9701-9940..........Public accounting. Auditing

HM -- Sociology (General)[edit]

401-1281..........Sociology (General)

435-477..........History of sociology. History of sociological theory
461-473..........Schools of sociology. Schools of social thought
481-554.......... Theory. Method. Relations to other subjects
621-656..........Culture
661-696..........Social control
701..........Social systems
706..........Social structure
711-806..........Groups and organizations
756-781..........Community
786-806.......... Organizational sociology. Organization theory
811-821.......... Deviant behavior. Social deviance
826..........Social institutions
831-901..........Social change
1001-1281.......... Social psychology
1041-1101..........Social perception. Social cognition
1106-1171.......... Interpersonal relations. Social behavior
1176-1281..........Social influence. Social pressure

HN -- Social history and conditions; Social problems; Social reform[edit]

1-995........Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
30-39........The church and social problems
41-46........Community centers. Social centers
50-995........By region or country

HQ -- The family; Marriage; Woman; Sexuality[edit]

1-2044..........The Family. Marriage. Women

12-449..........Sexual life
19-30.7..........Sexual behavior and attitudes. Sexuality
31-64.......... Sex instruction and sexual ethics
71-72.......... Sexual deviations
74-74.2..........Bisexuality
75-76.8..........Homosexuality. Lesbianism
77-77.2..........Transvestism
77.7-77.95..........Transsexualism
79..........Sadism. Masochism. Fetishism, etc.
101-440.7..........Prostitution
447..........Masturbation
449..........Emasculation. Eunuchs, etc.
450-472..........Erotica
503-1064..........The family. Marriage. Home
750-755.5..........Eugenics
755.7-759.92..........Parents. Parenthood
760-767.7..........Family size
767.8-792.2..........Children. Child development
793-799.2..........Youth. Adolescents. Teenagers
799.5-799.9..........Young men and women
799.95-799.97.......... Adulthood
800-800.4..........Single people
801-801.83..........Man-woman relationships. Courtship. Dating
802..........Matrimonial bureaus. Marriage brokerage
802.5..........Matrimonial advertisements
803..........Temporary marriage. Trial marriage. Companionate marriage
804..........Breach of promise
805..........Desertion
806..........Adultery
811-960.7..........Divorce
961-967..........Free love
981-996..........Polygamy
997..........Polyandry
998-999.......... Illegitimacy. Unmarried mothers
1001-1006.......... The state and marriage
1051-1057.......... The church and marriage
1058-1058.5..........Widows and widowers. Widowhood
1060-1064..........Aged. Gerontology (Social aspects). Retirement
1073-1073.5..........Thanatology. Death. Dying
1075-1075.5..........Sex role
1088-1090.7..........Men
1101-2030.7..........Women. Feminism
1871-2030.7..........Women's clubs
2035-2039..........Life skills. Coping skills. Everyday living skills
2042-2044..........Life style.

HS -- Societies: secret, benevolent, etc.[edit]

1-3371.......... Societies: secret, benevolent, etc.

101-330.7.......... Secret societies
351-929.......... Freemasons
951-1179..........Odd Fellows
1201-1350..........Knights of Pythias
1355..........Other societies
1501-2460.7..........Other societies. By classes
1501-1510.......... Benevolent and "friendly" societies and mutual assessment fraternities
1525-1560..........Religious societies
1601-2265..........Race societies
2275..........Occupation societies
2301-2460.7..........Political and "patriotic" societies
2501-3371..........Clubs. Clubs and societies for special classes (Including boys' societies, Boy scouts, girls' societies)

HT -- Communities; Classes; Races[edit]

51-1595.......... Communities. Classes. Races

51-65..........Human settlements. Communities
101-395..........Urban groups. The city. Urban sociology
161-165.......... Garden cities. "The city beautiful"
165.5-169.9.......... City planning
170-178..........Urban renewal. Urban redevelopment
201-221..........City population (Including children in cities, immigration)
231..........Effect of city life
251-265..........Mental and moral life
281..........Recreation. Amusements
321-325..........The city as an economic factor. City promotion
330-334..........Metropolitan areas
351-352.......... Suburban cities and towns
361-384..........Urbanization. City and country
388.......... Regional economics. Space in economics
390-395..........Regional planning
401-485..........Rural groups. Rural sociology
601-1445.........Classes
621-635..........Origin of social classes
641-657..........Classes arising from birth (Including royalty, nobility, commons)
675-690..........Classes arising from occupation
713-725.......... Caste system
731.......... Freedmen
751-815..........Serfdom
851-1445..........Slavery
1501-1595..........Races (Including race as a social group and race relations in general)

HV -- Social pathology; Social and public welfare; Criminology[edit]

1-9960..........Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology

40-69..........Social service. Social work. Charity organization and practice
85-525..........By region or country
530..........The church and charity
541..........Women and charity
544..........Charity fairs, bazaars, etc.
544.5..........International social work
547..........Self-help groups
551.2-639..........Emergency management
553-639..........Relief in case of disasters
560-583..........Red Cross. Red Crescent
599-639..........Special types of disasters
640-645..........Refugee problems
650-670.......... Life saving
675-677..........Accidents. Prevention of accidents
680-696..........Free professional services. Including medical charities
697-4959..........Protection, assistance and relief
697-3024..........Special classes
697-700.7..........Families. Mothers. Widow's -pensions
701-1420.5..........Children
835-847..........Foundlings
873-887..........Destitute, neglected, and abandoned children. Street children
888-907..........Children with disabilities
931-941..........Fresh-air funds
959-1420.5..........Orphanages. Orphans
1421-1441..........Young adults. Youth. Teenagers
1442-1448..........Women
1449..........Gay men. Lesbians
1450-1494..........Aged
1551-3024..........People with disabilities, Including blind, deaf, -people with physical and mental disabilities
3025-3174..........Special classes. By occupation
3025-3163..........Mariners
3165-3173..........Shop women, clerks, etc.
3174..........Other. By occupation
3176-3199..........Special classes. By race or ethnic group
4005-4013.......... Immigrants
4023-4470.7..........Poor in cities. Slums
4480-4630.......... Mendicancy. Vagabondism. Tramps. Homelessness
4701-4890.9..........Protection of animals. Animal rights. Animal welfare
4905-4959.......... Animal experimentation. Anti-vivisection
4961-4995..........Degeneration
5001-5720.5..........Alcoholism. Intemperance. Temperance reform
5725-5770..........Tobacco habit
5800-5840.......... Drug habits. Drug abuse
6001-7220.5..........Criminology
6035-6197.......... Criminal anthropology (Including criminal types, criminal psychology, prison psychology, causes of crime)
6201-6249..........Criminal classes
6250-6250.4..........Victims of crimes. Victimology
6251-6773.55..........Crimes and offenses
6774-7220.5..........Crimes and criminal classes
7231-9960..........Criminal justice administration
7428..........Social work with delinquents and criminals
7431.......... Prevention of crime, methods, etc.
7435-7439..........Gun control
7551-8280.7..........Police. Detectives. Constabulary
7935-8025..........Administration and organization
8031-8080..........Police duty. Methods of protection
8035-8069..........Special classes of crimes, offenses and criminals
8073-8079.35.......... Investigation of crimes. Examination and identification of prisoners
8079.2-8079.35..........Police social work
8079.5-8079.55.......... Traffic control. Traffic accident investigation
8081-8099.......... Private detectives. Detective bureaus
8130-8280.7..........By region or country
8290-8291.......... Private security services
8301-9920.7..........Penology. Prisons. Corrections
9051-9230.7..........The juvenile offender. Juvenile delinquency. Reform schools, etc.
9261-9430.7.......... Reformation and reclamation of adult prisoners
9441-9920.7..........By region or country
9950-9960..........By region or country

HX -- Socialism; Communism; Anarchism[edit]

1-970.9.......Socialism. Communism. Anarchism
519-550...........Communism/socialism in relation to special topics
626-696...........Communism: Utopian socialism, collective settlements
806-811...........Utopias. The ideal state
821-970.9.........Anarchism