List of Deutsche Bundesbahn locomotives and railbuses

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This article lists the locomotives and railcars/multiple units of the Deutsche Bundesbahn (DB), the German Federal Railways, that were in service between 1949 and 1993. For vehicles of the Deutsche Bahn AG see the List of DBAG locomotives and railbuses.

Steam locomotive classes are arranged in accordance with the DRG classification system; electric and diesel locomotives, railbuses and works vehicles are listed in accordance with the DB classification scheme. Classes that were fully retired before 1968 are listed under the classification allocated to them by the DB up to 1967. In the case of petrol-driven railbuses, a new classification system was introduced in the late 1940s that was only valid in the western zones of occupation and therefore with the later DB.

Steam Locomotives[edit]

The table gives the vehicle class in the first column that was used by the Deutsche Bundesbahn who adopted the DRG classification system; if necessary, figures based on the running numbers are also given where this is needed to identify the sub-classes.

In the second column the class numbers are from the DB classification scheme used from 1968 onwards. Where there is no entry in this column, all the engines had been retired by the beginning of 1968.

The Deutsche Bundesbahn retired its last steam locomotives by 1977 and completely ceased all steam traction operations by 1985.

Express train tender locomotives
Class Original class or type Wheel arrangement (UIC) Sub-class Remarks
to 1967 from 1968
01.0-2 001 Einheitslok 2'C1' S 36.20
01.0-2 001 Einheitslok rebuild 2'C1' S 36.20 with Henschel mixer preheater
01.0-2 001 Einheitslok rebuild 2'C1' S 36.20 with high-performance boiler
01.10 Einheitslok 2'C1' S 36.20
01.10 011 with modern boiler 2'C1' S 36.20
01.10 012 with modern boiler 2'C1' S 36.20 With oil-firing
03.0-2 003 Einheitslok 2'C1' S 36.17, S 36.18
03.10 Einheitslok 2'C1' S 36.18
03.10 with modern boiler 2'C1' S 36.18
05 Einheitslok 2'C2' S 37.19
10 010 Neubaulok 2'C1' S 36.22
17.11-12 Prussian S10.1, 1914 version 2'C S 35.17
18.1 Württemberg C 2'C1' S 36.16
18.3 018 Baden IV h.1-3 2'C1' S 36.17
18.4-5 Bavarian S 3/6 2'C1' S 36.16, S 36.17, S 36.18 including some DRG copies
18.6 with modern boiler 2'C1' S 36.18 from Bavarian S 3/6
Passenger train tender locomotives
Class Original class or type Wheel arrangement (UIC) Sub-class Remarks
to 1967 from 1968
23 023 Neubaulok 1'C1' P 35.18
24 Einheitslok 1'C P 34.15
38.4 Bavarian P 3/5 H 2'C P 35.15
38.10-40 038 Prussian P 8 2'C P 35.17
38.2-3 Saxon XII H2 2'C P 35.15
39.0-2 Prussian P 10 1'D1' P 46.19
Goods train tender locomotives
Class Original class or type Wheel arrangement (UIC) Sub-class Remarks
to 1967 from 1968
41 Einheitslok 1'D1' G 46.18/20
41 041 with modern boiler 1'D1' G 46.18
41 042 with modern boiler 1'D1' G 46.18 With oil-firing
42 Kriegslokomotive 1'E G 56.17
42.90 Kriegslokomotive 1'E G 56.18 Rebuild from Br 52 m. Franco-Crosti preheater
44 044 Einheitslok 1'E G 56.20 also procured as 44 ÜK (Übergangskriegslok)
44 043 Einheitslok 1'E G 56.20 With oil-firing
45 045 Einheitslok 1'E1' G 57.18/20
50 050 - 053 Einheitslok 1'E G 56.15 also procured as 50 ÜK (Übergangskriegslok)
50.40 Einheitslok rebuild 1'E G 56.15 with Franco-Crosti preheater
52 Kriegslokomotive 1'E G 56.15
54.15-17 Bavarian G 3/4 H 1'C G 34.16
55.0-6 Prussian G 7.1 D G 44.13
55.16-22 Prussian G 8 D G 44.14
55.25-56 055 Prussian G 8.1 D G 44.17
56.1 Prussian G 8.3 1'D G 45.17
56.2-8 Prussian G 8.1 with carrying axle D G 45.16 Rebuild from G8.1 by the DRG
56.20-29 Prussian G 8.2 1'D G 45.17
57.5 Bavarian G 5/5 E G 55.17
57.10-35 057 Prussian G 10 E G 55.15
58.2-3 Baden G 12.1-7 1'E G 56.16
58.4 Saxon XIII H 1'E G 56.16
58.5 Württemberg G 12 1'E G 56.16
58.10-21 Prussian G 12 1'E G 56.16
59 Württemberg K 1'F G 67.16
Tank locomotives
Class Original class or type Wheel arrangement (UIC) Sub-class Remarks
to 1967 from 1968
61 Einheitslok 2'C2' St 37.18
62 Einheitslok 2'C2' Pt 37.20
64 064 Einheitslok 1'C1' Pt 35.15
65 065 Neubaulok 1'D2' Pt 47.17
66 Neubaulok 1'C2' Pt 36.16
70.0 Bavarian Pt 2/3 1'B Pt 23.14
70.1 Baden Ig.1-2 1'B Pt 23.14, Pt 23.15 some were DRG copies
71 Einheitslok 1'B1' Pt 24.15
74.0-3 Prussian T 11 1'C Pt 34.16
74.4-13 Prussian T 12 1'C Pt 34.17
75.0 Württemberg T 5 1'C1' Pt 35.15
75.1-3 Baden VI b.1-11 1'C1' Pt 35.14
75.4 Baden VI c.1-7 1'C1' Pt 35.16
75.10-11 Baden VI c.8-9 1'C1' Pt 35.16
76.0 Prussian T 10 2'C Pt 35.16
77.0 Palatine P 5 1'C2' Pt 36.16
77.1 Palatine Pt 3/6,
Bavarian Pt 3/6
1'C2' Pt 36.16
78.0-5 078 Prussian T 18,
Württemberg T 18
2'C2' Pt 37.17
78.10 Rebuild 2'C2' Pt 37.17 from Prussian P 8
80 Einheitslok C Gt 33.17
81 Einheitslok D Gt 44.17
82 082 Neubaulok E Gt 55.18
85 Einheitslok 1'E1' Gt 57.20 Höllentalbahn
86 086 Einheitslok 1'D1' Gt 46.15 also procured as ÜK (Übergangskriegslok)
87 Einheitslok E Gt 55.17 with cogwheel drive on outer axles
89.1 Palatine T 3 C Gt 33.14
89.3 Württemberg T 3 C Gt 33.10, Gt 33.12
89.6 Bavarian D II.II C Gt 33.15
89.7 Bavarian R 3/3 C Gt 33.15
89.8 Bavarian R 3/3 C Gt 33.16 DRG copy
89.70-75 Prussian T 3 C Gt 33.10, Gt 33.11, Gt 33.12
91.3-18 Prussian T 9.3 1'C Gt 34.15
91.19 Mecklenburg T 4 1'C Gt 34.11, Gt 34.12, Gt 34.13
91.20 Württemberg T 9 1'C Gt 34.15
92.2-3 Baden X b.1-7 D Gt 44.15, Gt 44.16
92.5-10 Prussian T 13, Oldenburg T 13 D Gt 44.15, Gt 44.16
92.20 Palatine R 4/4, Bavarian R 4/4 D Gt 44.16
93.0-4 Prussian T 14 D Gt 46.16
93.5-12 093 Prussian T 14.1
Württemberg T 14
D Gt 46.17
94.1 Württemberg Tn E Gt 55.13
94.2-4 Prussian T 16 E Gt 55.15
94.5-17 094 Prussian T 16.1 E Gt 55.17
95.0 Prussian T 20 1'E1' Gt 57.19
97.1 Bavarian PtzL 3/4 C1' Z 34.15 Rack railway locomotive
97.5 Württemberg Hz E Z 55.15 Rack railway locomotive, DRG new build
98.3 Bavarian PtL 2/2 B L 22.11 Branch line locomotive Glaskasten ('glass box')
98.4-5 Bavarian D XI C1' L 34.10, L 34.11 Branch line locomotive
98.5 Bavarian PtL 3/4 C1' L 34.11 Branch line locomotive
98.6 Palatine D VIII C1' L 34.13 Branch line locomotive
98.8-9 098 Bavarian GtL 4/4 D L 44.11, L 44.12 Branch line locomotive, including some DRG copies
98.10 DRG new build D1' L 45.11 Branch line locomotive
98.11 097 DRG rebuild - Bavarian GtL 4/5 1'D L 45.11 Branch line locomotive, rebuild from Bavarian GtL 4/4
98.18 ex LAG 1'D1' - Branch line locomotive
Narrow gauge locomotives
Class Original class or type Wheel arrangement (UIC) Sub-class Remarks
to 1967 from 1968
99 099 Various Narrow gauge locomotives

Electric Locomotives[edit]

The electric vehicles of the Deutsche Bundesbahn have been designed for operating with a voltage of 15 kV, 16,667 Hz.

Class Wheel arrangement (UIC) Remarks
to 1967 from 1968
E 03 103 Co'Co'
E 04 104 1'Co1'
E 10 110 Bo'Bo' See also Einheitselektrolokomotive
111 Bo'Bo'
E 10.12 112 Bo'Bo' E10 with altered drive transmission, reclassified to Class 113 in 1991
112.1 Bo'Bo' DR class 212 (GDR development), procured by the DB in 1992 in batch of 45 units
E 10.12 113 Bo'Bo' Classified as Class 112 up to 1991
E 10.12 114 Bo'Bo' Reclassified from Class 112 due to restriction to 140 km/h
E 16 116 1'Do1' Bavarian ES 1
E 17 117 1'Do1'
E 18 118 1'Do1'
E 19 119 1'Do1'
120 Bo'Bo'
E 32 132 1'C1' Bavarian EP 2
E 33 1'C1' BBÖ 1029, returned to the ÖBB as 1073 in 1952
E 40.11 139 Bo'Bo'
E 40 140 Bo'Bo' See also Einheitselektrolokomotive
E 41 141 Bo'Bo' See also Einheitselektrolokomotive
E 44 144 Bo'Bo'
E 44.5 144.5 Bo'Bo'
E 50 150 Co'Co' See also Einheitselektrolokomotive
151 Co'Co'
E 52 152 2'BB2' Bavarian EP 5
E 60 160 1'C
E 62 1'C1' Bavarian EP 1
E 63 163 C
E 69 169 Bo LAG 1 - 5 Lokalbahn AG
E 70.2 1'C1' Bavarian EG 2
E 71 B'B' Prussian EG 511 to EG 537
E 72 1'C1' BBÖ 1005, returned to the ÖBB as 1072 in 1952
E 73 Bo'Bo' Hamburg-Altona harbour railway
E 75 175
E 80
E 310 181.0-1 Multi-system locomotive for cross-border working
181.2 Multi-system locomotive for cross-border working to France and Luxembourg (25Kv AC, 50 Hz)
E 320 182
E 344 183
E 410 184 Multi-system locomotive for cross-border working
E 91.0 191 Bavarian EG 5
E 91.9 191 Prussian EG 581 to EG 594
E 93 193 Co'Co'
E 94 194 Co'Co'
E 170
E 244 Bo'Bo' electrical equipment for working at 25 KV~, 50 Hz

Diesel Locomotives[edit]

Class Wheel arrangement Remarks
to 1967 from 1968
201 001 Bo'Bo' Krupp - AEG ME 1500
202 001 Bo'Bo' Henschel-SSW DE 2000
202 002 and 004 Co'Co' Henschel-BBC DE 2500
202 003 Bo'Bo' Henschel-BBC DE 2500
210 B'B' Production locomotives of the V160 family with gas turbines
V 100.10 211 B'B'
V 100.20 212 B'B'
V 100.23 213 B'B'
214 B'B' Locos for tunnel rescue trains, rebuilt from BR 212
215 B'B'
V 160 216 B'B'
V 162 217 B'B'
(V 164) 218 B'B'
V 169 219 B'B'
V 200.0 220 B'B'
V 200.1 221 B'B'
V 300 230 C'C'
V 320 232 C'C'
V 36 236 C former Wehrmacht locomotive WR 360 C 14 and successors
V 140 1'C1'
240 Co'Co' MaK DE 1024
V 45 245 B
V 50 C Locos of the former Wilhelmsburg Industrial Railway
V 51 251 B'B' 750 mm gauge
V 52 252 B'B' 1000 mm gauge
259 C / Co various Lokomotives for trials
V 60 260 C V60 to 50t , From 1987 grouped as DB Class 360
V 60 261 C V60 with 54 t, From 1987 grouped as DB Class 361
V 65 265 D
V 20 270 B former Wehrmacht locomotive WR 200 B 14
V 22 270 B, C former Wehrmacht locomotives WR 220 B and C
279 D Diesel engines of the Söhrebahn
V 80 280 B'B'
V 88 B'B' Demonstration locomotive DH 875 from Henschel (V 88 001)
V 188 288 Do + Do former Wehrmacht locomotive D 311
V 90 290 B'B'
291 B'B'
V 29 299 B'B' 1000mm gauge
Kö I 311 B
Köf II 321 B Köf II with mechanical brake
Köf II 322 B Köf II with compressed-air brake, v(max) to 30 km/h
Köf II 323 B Köf II with compressed-air brake, v(max) to 45 km/h
Köf II 324 B Köf II with compressed-air brake, v(max) to 45 km/h
V 11.9,
Köf 99
329 C Narrow gauge Köf for the Wangerooge Island Railway 329 501–503
329 B schmalspurige Köf for the Wangerooge Island Railway 329 504
Köf III 331 B Köf III with wheels driven by chain drive (Rollenketten), v(max) = 30 km/h
Köf III 332 B Köf III with wheels driven by chain drive (Rollenketten), v(max) = 45 km/h
Köf III 333 B Köf III with wheels driven by cardan shafts (Gelenkwellen), v(max) = 45 km/h
333.9 B former V 18 and V 19 of the Kerkerbachbahn 1975–1981, v(max) = 40 km/h
Köf III 335 B Rebuild from vehicles of Class 333 with shunting radios
V 60 360 C V 60 to 50t , up to 1987 grouped as DB Class 260
V 60 361 C V 60 with 54t , up to 1987 grouped as DB Class 261
V 60 364 C V 60 to 50t  with radios, rebuild from DB Class 360
V 60 365 C V 60 with 54t  with radios, rebuild from DB Class 361
Ks 4012 - 4015 381 Bo
Ks 4071
Ks 4815 - 4820
Ks 4859 - 4870
Ks 4903 - 4910
Ks 4979 - 4993
381 B

Electric Multiple Units (EMU, "Elektrische Triebwagen")[edit]

Classes  
Railcar Centre coach Driving coach Trailer coach
to 1967 from 1968 to 1967 from 1968 to 1967 from 1968 to 1967 from 1968 Remarks
401 801 - 804 ICE 1
402 805 - 807 808 ICE 2
403 404 operated as Lufthansa Airport Express and as Intercity
ET 11 later: Mü 5015, 723 001
420 421 S-Bahn: Frankfurt, Munich and Stuttgart
ET 25 425 825
ET 26 426 826
ET 27 427 827
ET 30 430 830
ET 31, ET 32 432 832
ET 45 445 former Höllentalbahn railbus ET 255
450 Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft
ET 55 455 855
ET 56 456 856
ET 65 465 865 Stuttgart S-Bahn
ET 170.1 470 870 Hamburg S-Bahn
ET 171 471 EM 171 871 Hamburg S-Bahn
472 473 Hamburg S-Bahn
ET 85 485 ES 85
ET 87
ET 88
ET 89
ET 90 490
ET 91 491 Glass train
ET 195 Ravensburg–Weingarten–Baienfurt tramway
ET 196 EB 196 Ravensburg–Weingarten–Baienfurt Tramway
ET 197 EB 197 Ravensburg–Weingarten–Baienfurt Tramway
ET 255 50 Hertz operation Höllentalbahn in the Black Forest

Battery electric multiple units ("Akkumulatortriebwagen")[edit]

Classes  
Railcar Centre coach Driving coach Trailer coach
to 1967 from 1968 to 1967 from 1968 to 1967 from 1968 to 1967 from 1968 Remarks
ETA 150 515 ESA 150 815.6
ETA 176 517 ESA 176 817.6
ETA 177
ETA 178 ex Prussian Class AT 3 "Wittfeld version"
ETA 179
ETA 179.1
In 1952/53, AT 581/582 to AT 615/616 were modernised to this class
ETA 180

Diesel Multiple Units ("Verbrennungstriebwagen") including Diesel Railbuses[edit]

Classes  
Railcar Centre coach Driving coach Trailer coach
to 1967 from 1968 to 1967 from 1968 to 1967 from 1968 to 1967 from 1968 Remarks
VT 11.5 601 VM 11.5 901
602 901 Rebuild from Class 601
VT 04.0
VT 04
Flying Hamburger and
Hamburg version
VT 06 Köln version
VT 07 Rebuilt SVT Berlin version
VT 08.5 608 VM 08.5 908 VS 08.5 908
VT 08.8 608 VS 08.8 908 US-Army
610
VT 10.5 Multiple unit
VT 12.5 612 912
VT 12.6 613 913 Rebuild from Class VT 08.5
614 914
VT 23.5
VT 24.5
VT 24.6
624 924
VT 25.5
627
628.0
628 928
VT 30.0
VT 32
VT 33 633 US-Army
634 934
VT 36
VT 38
VT 45 645 Stettin version
VT 50
VT 51
VT 60
VT 62.9
VT 63.9
VT 66.9
VT 69.9
VT 70
VT 72
VT 75
VT 78
VT 79
VT 85
VT 86
VT 90
VT 92.5 692
699 Narrow gauge railbus for Wangerooge Island Railway
None (790) Road-rail vehicle
VT 95.9 795 VB 142 995 Uerdingen railbus
VB 141 941 One-axle trailer for luggage conveyance
None 796 996 996 class 798/998 vehicles converted to one-man operation
VT 97.9 797 VS 97 997 VB 97 997 Uerdingen railbus
VT 98.9 798 VS 98 998 VB 98 998 Uerdingen railbus

Steam Railbuses[edit]

Class Original class or type Wheel arrangement (UIC) Sub-class Remarks
to 1967 from 1968
1 and 8 Baden steam railbus A1 BD BDaaio

DB Works Vehicles[edit]

Class Original class or type Wheel arrangement (UIC) Sub-class Remarks
to 1967 from 1968
VT 55 701
702
Turm railcar
704 Turm railcar
708 Turm railcar
709 Turm railcar
712 Tunnel profile measurement vehicle
714 Emergency train locomotive
716 Snow plough
719 Rail inspection train
724 PZB measurement vehicle
725/726 Track measurement vehicle
727 LZB measurement vehicle
728 PZB measurement vehicle
740 Signal works railcar
750 ex BR 103
751 ex BR 110
752 ex BR 120
753 ex BR 217

See also[edit]