List of European countries by area

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Below is a list of all countries in Europe, in order of geographical area. Europe's total geographical area is 10,288,305 km².

* — Note: some countries are transcontinental, meaning, they are only partially located in Europe. Those are ranked according to the size of their parts within Europe only.

The list includes only sovereign states. Therefore for example the United Kingdom is included in place of the four individual home nations.

Rank Country Area (km²) Notes
1 Russia* 3,972,400 17,098,242 including Russian Asia
2 Ukraine 603,628 -
3 France 551,394 643,801 when the overseas departments are included
4 Spain 498,468 505,992 when the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla are included
5 Sweden 449,964
6 Norway 385,178 This includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen[1]
7 Germany 357,168
8 Finland 338,145
9 Poland 312,685
10 Italy 301,318
11 United Kingdom 244,820
12 Romania 238,392
13 Belarus 207,600
14 Kazakhstan* 180,000 (est.) 2,724,902 including Asian part
15 Greece 131,940
16 Bulgaria 110,994
17 Iceland 102,775
18 Hungary 93,030
19 Portugal 91,568
20 Austria 83,858
21 Czech Republic 78,866
22 Serbia 77,453 88,361 including Kosovo
23 Ireland 70,273
24 Lithuania 65,300
25 Latvia 64,589
26 Croatia 56,594
27 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129
28 Slovakia 49,036
29 Estonia 45,339
30 Denmark 44,493 This includes Faroe Islands; 2,210,579 including Greenland
31 Switzerland 41,290
32 Netherlands 41,198 Excluding Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten.
33 Moldova 33,846
34 Belgium 30,510
35 Albania 28,748
36  Macedonia 25,713
37 Turkey* 23,507 783,562 including Asian part
38 Slovenia 20,273
39 Montenegro 13,812
40 Kosovo 10,908 Partially recognized state
41 Azerbaijan 6,960 86,600 including Asian part
42 Luxembourg 2,586
43 Andorra 468
44 Malta 316
45 Liechtenstein 160
46 San Marino 61
47 Monaco 1.95
48 Vatican City 0.44
Total 10,218,605
A bar graph with logarithmic scale, showing the sizes in three categories:
  • Purple = Russia,
  • Green = countries with European area bigger than 10,000 km²,
  • Red = countries with European area smaller than 10,000 km²

Definition[edit]

Europe and Asia are contiguous with each other and thus the exact boundary between them is not clearly defined, and often follows historical, political, and cultural definitions rather than geographical. This list uses the modern geographical definition thus excluding Armenia, Georgia and Cyprus, which are sometimes also considered part of Europe, the two Caucasus nations for political and cultural reasons, and Cyprus because all larger islands in the Mediterranean have historically been considered European, regardless of their proximity to the European mainland.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Updated land cover figures". ssb.no. Retrieved 2015-11-21.