List of European countries by area

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Below is a list of European countries, in order of their geographical area. As a continent, Europe's geographical area is about 10.18 million square kilometres.[1]

14 countries (marked with an *) are transcontinental countries. These countries are ranked according to the size of their European part only.

The list includes only sovereign states.

Inland water is included in area numbers.

Table[edit]

European states by area

  Russia* (39.7%)
  Ukraine (6.0%)
  France* (5.5%)
  Spain* (5.0%)
  Sweden (4.5%)
  Norway* (3.9%)
  Germany (3.6%)
  Finland (3.4%)
  Poland (3.1%)
  Italy* (3.0%)
  United Kingdom* (2.4%)
  Romania (2.4%)
  Other (17.5%)
Rank State Area (km2) Area (sq mi) Notes
1  Russia* 3,995,200 1,542,600 Including Crimea;[2] 17,098,242 km2 (6,601,668 sq mi) when including territory in Asia (Siberia).[3]
2  Ukraine 603,628 233,062[4] Including Crimea and Donbas.
3  France* 551,695 213,011 672,051 km2 (259,480 sq mi) (n°2) when including overseas regions and territories.
4  Spain* 498,511 192,476 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi) when including the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.[5]
5  Sweden 450,295 173,860
6  Norway* 385,178 148,718 Including Svalbard and Jan Mayen.[6] If they are excluded, continental Norway is 323,779 km2 (125,012 sq mi) in area.
7  Germany 357,386 137,988[7]
8  Finland 338,145 130,559
9  Poland 312,685 120,728
10  Italy* 301,318 116,340 301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) when including African islands of Lampedusa and Lampione.
11  United Kingdom* 242,495 93,628 Not including British Overseas Territories or Crown Dependencies. (228,365 square kilometres (88,172 sq mi) if Northern Ireland is excluded).
12  Romania 238,397 92,046
13  Belarus 207,600 80,200
14  Kazakhstan* 148,000 57,000 Territory west of the Ural River is counted as within Europe; 2,724,902 km2 (1,052,091 sq mi) when including Asian territory.
15  Greece* 131,940 50,940 Including island land territory. 110,496 km2 (42,663 sq mi) is mainland territory and 21,461 km2 (8,286 sq mi) is island territory.
16  Bulgaria 110,994 42,855
17  Iceland 102,775 39,682
18  Hungary 93,030 35,920
19  Portugal* 88,416 34,138 91,568 km2 (35,355 sq mi) when including the Azorean Islands and the Madeiran Archipelago.
20  Serbia 88,361 34,116 Including Kosovo.
21  Austria 83,858 32,378
22  Czechia 78,866 30,450
23  Ireland 70,273 27,133 84,421 km2 (32,595 sq mi) when including Northern Ireland.
24  Lithuania 65,300 25,200
25  Latvia 64,589 24,938[8]
26  Croatia 56,594 21,851
27  Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129 19,741
28  Slovakia 49,036 18,933
29  Estonia 45,339 17,505
30  Denmark* 44,493 17,179 Including the Faroe Islands. 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi) when including Greenland. Continental Denmark is 43,094 km2 (16,639 sq mi) in area.
31  Switzerland 41,290 15,940
32  Netherlands* 41,198 15,907 Excluding Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten. 42,531 km2 (16,421 sq mi) when combined into the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
33  Moldova 33,846 13,068
34  Belgium 30,510 11,780
35  Albania 28,748 11,100
36  North Macedonia 25,713 9,928
37  Turkey* 23,764 9,175 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi) when including Asian territory.
38  Slovenia 20,273 7,827
39  Montenegro 13,812 5,333
40  Kosovo 10,887 4,203 Disputed territory, claimed by Serbia.
41  Azerbaijan* 6,960 2,690 86,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi) when including Asian territory.
42  Georgia* 2,642 1,020 69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) when including Asian territory.
43  Luxembourg 2,586 998
44  Andorra 468 181
45  Malta 316 122
46  Liechtenstein 160 62
47  San Marino 61 24
48  Monaco 2 0.77
49  Vatican City 0.49 0.19
50  Cyprus 0 0 A Mediterranean island south of Turkey (island of Cyprus, total area of 9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) divided between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot parts). Cyprus is not geographically part of Europe, but it is considered European owing to its political, cultural and historical ties with Europe.
51  Armenia 0 0 29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi) when including Asian territory. Armenia is geographically part of Asia, but it is considered European owing to its political, cultural and historical ties with Europe.
Total 9,725,367.44 3,754,985.36

Definition[edit]

Europe and Asia are contiguous with each other; thus, the exact boundary between them is not clearly defined, and often follows historical, political, and cultural definitions, rather than geographical.

Clickable map of Europe, showing one of the most commonly used continental boundaries[9]

Legend:
Blue = Contiguous transcontinental countries
Green = Sometimes considered European but geographically outside Europe's boundaries

Range[edit]

The area of European countries varies widely, over several orders of magnitude:

A bar graph with logarithmic scale, showing the sizes in three categories:
  • Magenta = Russian Federation
  • Green = Countries with European area bigger than 10,000 km2
  • Red = Countries with European area smaller than 10,000 km2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Map and Details of all 7 Continents". WorldAtlas. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "Seven years since Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea". European Union. 25 February 2021. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  3. ^ "The World Factbook - Central Asia - Russia". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Ukraine". United Nations in Ukraine. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  5. ^ "Entorno físico y medio ambiente" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadística. p. 10. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Updated land cover figures". ssb.no. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  7. ^ "Fläche und Bevölkerung". www.statistikportal.de (in German).
  8. ^ "Latvia country profile". 29 March 2019. Retrieved 2019-10-28 – via www.bbc.com.
  9. ^ The map shows one of the most commonly accepted delineations of the geographical boundaries of Europe, as used by National Geographic and Encyclopædia Britannica. Whether countries are considered in Europe or Asia can vary in sources, for example in the classification of the CIA World Factbook or that of the BBC. Certain countries in Europe, such as France, have territories lying geographically outside Europe, but which are nevertheless considered integral parts of that country.