List of European countries by area

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Below is a list of most states in Europe, in order of geographical area. Europe's total geographical area is about ten million square kilometres.[1]

Some states (marked *) are only partially located in Europe. Those are ranked according to the size of their European part only.

The list includes only sovereign states. Therefore, for example the United Kingdom is included in place of the four individual home nations.

Inland water is included in area numbers.

European states by area (top 12).[citation needed]

  Russia (39.0%)
  Ukraine (5.9%)
  France (5.4%)
  Spain (4.9%)
  Sweden (4.4%)
  Norway (3.8%)
  Germany (3.5%)
  Finland (3.3%)
  Poland (3.1%)
  Italy (3.0%)
  United Kingdom (2.4%)
  Romania (2.3%)
  Other (19%)
Rank State Total area (km2) Notes
1  Russia* 3,972,400 17,098,242 km2 including North Asia[2]
2  Ukraine 603,628
3  France* 551,695 643,801 km2 when the overseas departments are included.
4  Spain* 498,511 505,990 km2 when the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla are included.[3]
5  Sweden 450,295
6  Norway 385,178 This includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen[4]
7  Germany 357,386[5]
8  Finland 338,145
9  Poland 312,685
10  Italy 301,338
11  United Kingdom* 242,495 260,665 km2 when the British Overseas Territories (except the British Antarctic Territory) are included.
12  Romania 238,397
13  Belarus 207,600
14  Kazakhstan* 180,000 (est.)[citation needed] 2,724,902 km2 including Asian part
15  Greece 131,940
16  Bulgaria 110,994
17  Iceland 102,775
18  Hungary 93,030
19  Portugal 91,568
20  Austria 83,858
21  Czech Republic 78,866
22  Serbia 77,453 88,361 km2 including Kosovo
23  Ireland 70,273
24  Lithuania 65,300
25  Latvia 64,589[6]
26  Croatia 56,594
27  Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129
28  Slovakia 49,036
29  Estonia 45,339
30  Denmark* 44,493 This includes Faroe Islands; 2,210,579 km2 including Greenland
31  Switzerland 41,290
32  Netherlands* 41,198 Excluding Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten.
33  Moldova 33,846
34  Belgium 30,510
35  Armenia* 29,843 Sometimes considered part of Asia
36  Albania 28,748
37  North Macedonia 25,713
38  Turkey* 23,507 783,562 km2 including Asian part
39  Slovenia 20,273
40  Montenegro 13,812
41  Kosovo 10,908 Partially recognised state
42  Cyprus 9,251 Sometimes considered part of Asia
43  Azerbaijan* 6,960 86,600 km2 including Asian part
44  Luxembourg 2,586
45  Georgia* 2,428 69,700 km2 including Asian part
46  Andorra 468
47  Malta 316
48  Liechtenstein 160
49  San Marino 61
50  Monaco 2.02
51  Vatican City 0.44

Definition[edit]

Europe and Asia are contiguous with each other and thus the exact boundary between them is not clearly defined, and often follows historical, political, and cultural definitions rather than geographical.

Clickable map of Europe, showing one of the most commonly used continental boundaries[7]

Legend: blue = Contiguous transcontinental states; green = Sometimes considered European but geographically outside Europe's boundaries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Map and Details of all 7 Continents". WorldAtlas. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "The World Factbook - Central Asia - Russia". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Entorno físico y medio ambiente" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadística. p. 10. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Updated land cover figures". ssb.no. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  5. ^ "Fläche und Bevölkerung". www.statistikportal.de (in German).
  6. ^ "Latvia country profile". 29 March 2019. Retrieved 2019-10-28 – via www.bbc.com.
  7. ^ The map shows one of the most commonly accepted delineations of the geographical boundaries of Europe, as used by National Geographic and Encyclopædia Britannica. Whether countries are considered in Europe or Asia can vary in sources, for example in the classification of the CIA World Factbook or that of the BBC. Note also that certain countries in Europe, such as France, have territories lying geographically outside Europe, but which are nevertheless considered integral parts of that country.