List of European countries by population

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European countries by population

This list of European countries by population comprises the 50 countries and 6 territories and dependencies in Europe, broadly defined, including Cyprus, Turkey, and the countries of the Caucasus.

The most populous country in Europe is Russia.[1] Though more than 75% of its total land is in Asia, approximately 110 million people, or 78% of its population, are located within its European territory. The most populous country wholly located within Europe is Germany. Only 3% of Turkey's land area is in Europe, but 14% of its population is situated there.[2]

Table[edit]

The ranking here is determined by the given populations, which are the latest available national figures. For some countries, these are estimates or somewhat out of date, so that the ranking of countries that are very close in population is approximate. The United Nations estimates are those published in the UN's World Population Prospects as of 2019,[3][4] which are based on censuses, population registers, surveys, and other statistics.[5]

  •   Transcontinental countries that straddle Europe and Asia.
  •   Transcontinental countries with overseas territories outside Europe.
  •   Countries entirely within Asia that may be considered European because of their political, cultural, and sporting ties with Europe.
Rank
[Note 1]
Country
(or dependent territory)
UN
estimate
National statistic Regional
grouping
Source
Estimate Date
1  Russia[Note 2] 146,107,528 146,877,088 1 Jan 2018 EAEU National estimate[6]
2  Turkey 85,314,999 83,614,362 31 Dec 2020 National estimate[7]
3  Germany 84,188,772 83,122,889 30 Jun 2020 EU National estimate[8]
4  France[Note 3] 65,367,082 67,076,000 1 Mar 2020 EU Monthly national estimate[9]
5  United Kingdom[Note 4] 68,195,767 66,796,807 24 Jun 2019 National annual estimate[10]
6  Italy 60,419,033 60,390,560 30 Sep 2018 EU National Statistics estimate[11]
7  Spain 46,811,531 46,733,038 1 Jul 2018 EU National estimate[12]
8  Ukraine[Note 5] 43,567,660 41,588,354 1 Jan 2021 DCFTA Monthly national estimate[13]
9  Poland 37,830,336 38,433,600 31 Dec 2017 EU National estimate[14]
10  Romania 19,126,264 19,523,621 1 Jan 2018 EU National annual estimate[15]
11  Netherlands 17,161,189 17,417,600 3 Jan 2020 EU National population clock[16]
12  Belgium 11,637,137 11,449,656 1 Nov 2018 EU Monthly national estimate[17]
13  Greece 10,391,029 10,768,193 1 Jan 2017 EU National estimate[18]
14  Czech Republic 10,729,333 10,627,794 30 Sep 2018 EU National quarterly estimate[19]
15  Sweden 10,147,405 10,319,601 31 Oct 2019 EU National monthly estimate[20]
16  Portugal 10,175,378 10,276,617 31 Dec 2018 EU National annual estimate[21]
17  Azerbaijan 10,216,854 10,127,874 1 Jan 2018 National annual estimate[22]
18  Hungary 9,646,008 9,771,000 1 Jan 2018 EU National annual estimate[23]
19  Belarus 9,452,061 9,477,100 1 Oct 2018 EAEU National quarterly estimate[24]
20  Austria 9,064,465 8,857,960 1 Oct 2018 EU Quarterly provisional figure[25]
21  Switzerland 8,704,313 8,526,932 30 Sep 2018 EFTA National provisional figure[26]
22  Bulgaria 6,913,449 7,000,039 31 Dec 2018 EU National estimate[27]
23  Serbia[Note 6] 8,720,595 6,963,764 1 Jan 2019 National annual estimate[28]
24  Denmark 5,805,607 5,837,213 1 Oct 2020 EU National quarterly estimate[29]
25  Finland 5,548,480 5,522,015 30 Nov 2018 EU Monthly national estimate[30]
26  Slovakia 5,463,818 5,445,087 30 Jun 2018 EU National estimate[31]
27  Norway 5,449,099 5,323,933 1 Oct 2018 EFTA National quarterly estimate[32]
28  Ireland 4,992,908 4,921,500 1 Apr 2019 EU National estimate[33]
29  Croatia 4,086,308 4,105,493 31 Dec 2017 EU National estimate[34]
30  Georgia[Note 7] 3,986,286 3,729,600 1 Jan 2018 DCFTA National annual estimate[35]
31  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,262,390 3,511,372 30 Jun 2016 National estimate[36]
32  Armenia 2,967,935 2,956,900 1 Jan 2018 EAEU National annual estimate[37]
33  Albania 2,877,821 2,878,549 1 Jan 2018 National annual estimate[38]
34  Lithuania 2,690,259 2,794,090 1 Jan 2020 EU Monthly national estimate[39]
35  Moldova 4,028,548 2,681,735 1 Jan 2019 DCFTA National estimate[40]
36  North Macedonia 2,084,313 2,075,301 31 Dec 2017 National estimate[41]
37  Slovenia 2,080,044 2,070,050 1 Jul 2018 EU National estimate[42]
38  Latvia 1,870,386 1,921,300 1 Dec 2018 EU Monthly national estimate[43]
39  Kosovo[Note 8] 1,798,506 31 Dec 2017 National annual estimate[44]
40  Estonia 1,330,299 1,328,976 1 Jan 2020 EU National estimate[45]
41  Cyprus 1,195,750 864,200 31 Dec 2017 EU National annual estimate[46]
42  Luxembourg 635,755 626,108 1 Apr 2020 EU National estimate[47]
43  Montenegro 628,290 622,359 1 Jan 2018 National estimate[48]
44  Malta 514,564 514,564 31 Dec 2019 EU National estimate[49]
45  Iceland 343,008 355,620 30 Sep 2018 EFTA National quarterly estimate[50]
 Jersey (UK) 105,500 31 Dec 2017 National estimate[51]
 Isle of Man (UK) 85,453 83,314 24 Apr 2016 2016 census result[52]
46  Andorra 77,374 74,794 31 Dec 2017 National estimate[53]
 Guernsey (UK) 62,063 31 Dec 2017 National estimate[54]
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 48,987 51,237 1 Nov 2018 Monthly national estimate[55]
47  Monaco 39,448 38,300 31 Dec 2017 National annual estimate[56]
48  Liechtenstein 38,205 38,201 30 Jun 2018 EFTA National semi annual estimate[57]
 Gibraltar (UK) 33,672 33,573 31 Dec 2015 National estimate[58]
49  San Marino 33,988 33,407 30 Nov 2018 National monthly estimate[59]
 Åland Islands (Finland) 29,489 31 Dec 2017 EU National estimate[60]
50  Vatican City 796 799 3 Jul 2019 National estimate[61]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only for widely recognized and independent territories
  2. ^ Including the disputed territory of the Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol
  3. ^ Population of the 18 regions of France. Excluding Overseas Territories and Collectivities: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Clipperton Island, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
  4. ^ Including the constituent countries of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Excluding the 14 Overseas Territories and 3 Crown dependencies. Gibraltar, Jersey, the Isle of Man, and Guernsey shown separately below.
  5. ^ Excluding the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and City of Sevastopol, Ukraine's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are disputed with and de facto administered by Russia. However includes the entire population of territory in the Donbass region where there are ongoing insurgencies by separatist forces.
  6. ^ Excludes Kosovo.
  7. ^ Excludes Abkhazia (242,862, census 2011) and South Ossetia (53,559, census 2015).
  8. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References[edit]

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