List of International Harvester/Navistar engines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The International Harvester Company (IHC) has been building its own, proprietary truck engines since the introduction of their first truck in 1907. International tended to use proprietary diesel engines. In the 1970s IHC built the DVT 573 V-8 diesel of 240 and 260 HP but these were not highly regarded and relatively few were sold. Their DT 466 engine started in 1974 and was very successful.[1]

IHC engines[edit]

The first IHC "Highwheeler" truck had a very simple air-cooled horizontally opposed two-cylinder engine with a five-inch stroke and a five-inch bore, and produced around 18–20 hp (13–15 kW). Displacement was 196 cubic inches (3.2 L).[2] In 1915 a new L-head water-cooled 201 cubic inches (3.3 L) inline-four engine appeared.[3] While International's own engines underwent constant developments, the pace of truck production in the twenties was such that others' engines (from Waukesha, Buda, and Lycoming for instance) had to be installed in some parts of the range.[4]

International Harvester's first own six-cylinder engines appeared in some of the 1926 S-series trucks, seemingly a response to market pressures rather than to any particular need for such a layout.[5] In 1928, a new heavy range of trucks (the HS-series) built around a series of engines from Hall-Scott appeared. These engines were used by IHC for some heavy-duty applications until 1935, although their own large engines (525 ci FBD and 648 ci FEB) had appeared in 1932.[6] The medium-duty 1930 A-series trucks received the all-new 278.7 cu in (4.6 L) FB-3 six-cylinder engine, with overhead valves and seven main bearings. This was complemented by larger versions of the same engine and was built until late 1940 (as the FBB),[7] the line-up being expanded downward by the smaller FA-series (later FAB) in 1933.[8]

The HD inline-sixes, later to become the first in International's long running "Diamond" series, first appeared in the C-30 truck of 1934.[9] Available in three different displacements (see table), they were renamed "Green Diamond" in late 1940 for the 1941 model year after a number of detail improvements.[7] This year also brought the new "Blue Diamond" (FAC) and "Red Diamond" (FBC) engines. A post-war version of the 269 cubic inches (4.4 L) Blue Diamond became the "Super Blue Diamond" when installed in the post-war medium L-line trucks. The Blue Diamond engine lived on until the early 60's renamed as Black Diamond engines, the BD-282 and BD-308.[10]

International Harvester Gasoline I4 Engines
Engine Family Cylinder Layout Displacement(s) Fuel System Type Years Produced
"Comanche" 4 I4
  • 4-152 (152 cu in (2.5 litres))
  • 4-196 (196 cu in (3.2 litres))
Carburetor 1961-1972
International Harvester Gasoline I6 Engines
Engine Family Cylinder Layout Displacement(s) Fuel System Type Years Produced
HD
Green Diamond
I6
  • HD/GD 175 (174.9 cubic inches (2,867 cc))[11]
  • HD-3/GD 214 (213.3 cubic inches (3,495 cc))[12]
  • HD-2/GD 233 (233.9 cu in (3.8 litres))[13]
L-head
Carburetor
1934-1949
FAC[7]
Blue Diamond
I6
  • FAC 241 (241.5 cu in (4.0 litres))
  • BLD 250 (250.56 cu in (4,106 cc))[14]
  • FAC260 (259.7 cu in (4.3 litres))
  • BLD269 (269.1 cu in (4.4 litres))
Carburetor 1941-1954
Silver Diamond[10]
Black Diamond/BD[15]
BG[16]
I6
  • SD-220 (220.5 cu in (3.6 litres))
  • SD-240/BG-241 (240.3 cu in (3.9 litres))
  • BD-264/BG-265 (264.33 cu in (4,332 cc))

The next two are the last versions of the Blue Diamond style engines now named Black Diamond engines.

  • BD-282 (282.54 cu in (4,630 cc))
  • BD-308 (308 cu in (5.0 litres))
Carburetor 1949-1969
FBC
Red Diamond
I6
  • FBC/RED 318 (318.4 cu in (5.2 litres))
  • FBC/RED 361 (360.8 cu in (5.9 litres))
  • RD 372 (372 cu in (6.1 litres))
  • FBC/RED 401 (400.9 cu in (6.6 litres))
  • RD 406 (406 cu in (6.7 litres))
  • RED 450 then RD 450 (450 cu in (7.4 litres))
  • RD 501 (501 cu in (8.2 litres))
Governed Carburetor 1941-1974
International Harvester Gasoline V8 Engines
Engine Family Cylinder Layout Displacement(s) Fuel System Type Years Produced
V/LV V8
  • LV-401 (400.9 cu in (6.6 litres))
  • LV-461 (461 cu in (7.6 litres))

LV-478

  • LV-549 (548.7 cu in (9.0 litres)

Re-engineered engine used in early 70's the V-537. A version of this engine never made it into trucks because of the gas crises of 1973. It was sold for industrial purposes as the V-605.

Governed Carburetor 1955-1974
MV V8
  • MV-404 (404 cu in (6.6 litres))
  • MV-446 (446 cu in (7.3 litres))
Carburetor 1974-198?
SV
"Comanche"
V8
  • SV-266 (266 cu in (4.4 litres))
  • SV-304 (304 cu in (5.0 litres))
  • SV-345 (345 cu in (5.7 litres))
  • SV-392 (392 cu in (6.4 litres))
Carburetor 1959-1985

International Harvester/Navistar engines[edit]

International Harvester/Navistar V6/V8 engines
Engine Family Cylinder Layout Displacement(s) Injection Type Years Produced
DV V8
  • DV 462 - 7.6L (462 cubic inches)
  • DV 550 - 9.0L (550 cubic inches)
  • DV 550B - 9.0L (550 cubic inches)
Direct Injection
  • DV 462 - 1966-1971
  • DV 550 - 1966-1970
  • DV 550B - 1971-1974
D-Series
  • D 150
  • D 170
  • D 190
V8 9.0L (549 cubic inches) Direct Injection 1975-early 1980
9.0L V8 V8 9.0L (551 cubic inches) Direct Injection 1980-1987
IDI

(International/Ford)

V8
  • 6.9L (420 cubic inches)
  • 7.3L (444 cubic inches)
Indirect Injection
  • 1983-1987 (6.9L)
  • 1986-1994 (7.3L)
T444E
Original Ford PowerStroke
V8 7.3L (444 cubic inches) Direct injection 1994-2003
VT
2nd-generation Ford PowerStroke
  • VT275-V6
  • VT365-V8
  • VT275- 4.5L (275 cubic inches)
  • VT365- 6.0L (365 cubic inches)
Direct injection 2003-2006

Navistar DT engines[edit]

Navistar DT engine family
Generation Cylinder Layout Displacement(s) Injection type Years produced
PLN
(Pump Line and Nozzle)
  • DT 360
  • DT 466
Inline-6
  • DT 360 - 5.9L (360 cubic inches)
  • DT 466 - 7.6L (466 cubic inches)
Direct Injection 1984-late 1995
NGD
(New Generation Diesel)
  • DT408
  • DT466/HT466
  • DT530/HT530
  • DT 408 - 6.7L (408 cubic inches)
  • DT 466/HT466 - 7.6L (466 cubic inches)
  • DT 530/HT530 - 8.7L (530 cubic inches)
1994-1997
HEUI
(Hydraulically actuated

Electronically controlled Unit Injection)

  • DT466/HT466
  • DT530/HT530
  • DT 466/HT466 - 7.6L (466 cubic inches)
  • DT 530/HT530 - 8.7L (530 cubic inches)
1994-2004
G2

(Electro-Hydraulic Generation Two)

  • DT 466/HT466
  • DT 570/HT570
  • DT 466/HT466 - 7.6L (466 cubic inches)
  • DT 570/HT570 - 9.3L (570 cubic inches)
2004-2007

MaxxForce engines[edit]

Navistar International MaxxForce Engine Family
Engine Family Cylinder Layout Displacement(s) Injection type Years produced
MaxxForce 5 V6 275 cubic inches (4.5L) Direct Injection 2007-current
MaxxForce 7
3rd Generation Ford PowerStroke
V8 6.4L
  • 2007-current (International)
  • 2008-2010 (Ford)
MaxxForce DT Inline-6 466 cubic inches (7.6 L) 2007-current
MaxxForce 9 570 cubic inches (9.3 L)
MaxxForce 10 570 cubic inches (9.3 L)
MaxxForce 11 10.5 L
MaxxForce 13 12.4 L

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crismon, Frederick W. (2002), International Trucks (2 ed.), Minneapolis, MN: Victory WW2 Publishing, p. 10, ISBN 0-9700567-2-9 
  2. ^ Crismon, p. 13
  3. ^ Crismon, p. 27
  4. ^ Crismon, p. 60
  5. ^ Crismon, p. 66
  6. ^ Crismon, p. 101
  7. ^ a b c Crismon, p. 164
  8. ^ Crismon, p. 107
  9. ^ Crismon, p. 120
  10. ^ a b Crismon, p. 217
  11. ^ Crismon, p. 144
  12. ^ Crismon, p. 123
  13. ^ Crismon, pp. 129-130
  14. ^ Crismon, p. 212
  15. ^ "BD and BG Engine Specifications". Old IHC. 2009-12-21. 
  16. ^ 1966 International 1200 A 4x4, International Harvester Company, pp. 11–3, 11–4, CT-400-D, AD-4239-S3, 2-1-S