List of fictional astronauts

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Actor William Lundigan as Col. Edward McCauley, Men into Space (TV series)

This is an incomplete list of fictional astronauts appearing in various media, including books, film, television shows (live or animated), radio shows, records, and comic books.

To be included in this list, a fictional astronaut must be modeled upon actual astronauts of real-world space programs, as they have actually existed since the beginning of the Space Age, or were envisioned in the years leading up to the Space Age. Criteria include:

  1. A fictional astronaut must be human (not an alien, robot, or animal).
  2. A fictional astronaut must be on a flight originating from the Earth; space travellers engaging in casual voyages between other planets (as in Star Wars or Battlestar Galactica) are not eligible.
  3. A fictional astronaut must be presented as living in the period of the early exploration of space, i.e. from the beginning of the Space Age to the present, and for a few decades into the future; currently, in the period of about 1960–2060.
  4. A fictional astronaut is preferably part of a real space program, like NASA or the Soviet/Russian space program, or fictional knockoffs of the same (e.g. ANSA, IASA).
  5. A fictional astronaut preferably uses space travel technology within the realm of the possible. Preference should be given to astronauts depicted using real technology (e.g. Apollo, Soyuz, Space Shuttle) or close fictional knockoffs of the same.

Early period[edit]

Fictional astronauts as imagined before the Space Age.

Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Georg Manfeldt, Prof.
Walt Turner
Wolf Helius (Engineer)
Friede Velten (Student Astronomer)
Hans Windegger (Engineer)
Woman in the Moon (1929), silent film Friede Contemporary?
First film depiction of a Moon rocket and of a countdown. Checkerboard design and Frau-im-Mond logo later to appear on A4 rockets.[1][2][3]
Harrison (US) (Captain/Astronomer)
Dick Jarvis (US) (Chemist)
Pierre Leroy (France) (Biologist)
Karl Putz (Germany) (Engineer)
"A Martian Odyssey" (1934), "Valley of Dreams" (1934), short stories Ares 21st century
First men on Mars; landing site in Mare Cimmerium. Cardoza made first voyage to Moon ten years earlier; "de Lancey flight" to Venus was unsuccessful.[4][5][6]
Pavel Ivanovich Sedikh (Scientist)
Marina (Assistant)
Kosmicheskiy reys (1935), film Soviet Union 1946
Scientist and assistant are joined by young stowaway on first voyage to Moon.[7]
Gloria Mundi:
Dale Curtance (Commander/Pilot)
Geoffrey Dugan (Assistant Pilot/Navigator)
James Burns (Engineer)
Froud (Journalist) (no first name given)
"Doc" Grayson, Dr. (Physician/Biologist) (no first name given)
Joan Shirning (Stowaway)

Karaminoff, Commissar (Commander) (no first name given)
Vasiloff (no first name given)
Six unnamed crewmembers

US spacecraft:
Unnamed crewmembers
Planet Plane (a.k.a. Stowaway to Mars, The Space Machine) (1935), novel Gloria Mundi (UK)

Tovaritch (Soviet Union)

Unnamed spacecraft (Keuntz company, US)
March 9, 1981 – October 1982
Space travelers compete for "Keuntz Prize" for first successful interplanetary journey. Duncan, K. K. Smith and Sudden were first to reach the Moon but crashed fatally on lunar surface. Richard Drivers flew around the Moon and returned to Earth in 1969, but later died with unnamed crewmate in attempt to reach Venus. Jornsen crashed in Pacific Ocean; Simpson piloted Keuntz company rocket which exploded near Chicago with great loss of life on the ground. Launch of Gloria Mundi from Salisbury Plain on October 12, 1981; landing south of Martian equator; return to Earth in North Africa on April 7, 1982. Gloria II later disappeared with Curtance, Froud and unnamed crewmates while attempting to reach Venus.[8]
Burns, Prof. (no first name given)
Lee Baron (Balloonist)
"Once Around the Moon" (1937), short story N/A Contemporary
Professor and balloonist are launched by space gun to circumnavigate the Moon.[9]
Unnamed (President/Secretary/Treasurer)
Ivan Schnitzel (Photographer)
Isaac Guzzbaum (Auditor)
Eric Wobblewit (Humourist)
Two unnamed crewmembers
"How We Went to Mars" (1938), short story Snoring-in-the-Hay Rocket Society (UK)
Pride of the Galaxy
April 1952
Amateur crew of first manned spaceflight accidentally reach Mars. Landing near Solis Lacus.[10]
John Harman "Trends" (1939), short story Prometheus

New Prometheus
July 14, 1973 – April 1978[a]
Harman makes the first circumnavigation of the Moon in the face of intense religious and governmental opposition.[12][13]
James "Mac" McIntyre, Capt. (Pilot)
Charles "Charlie" Cummings (Engineer)
Delos David "D. D." Harriman[b] (Passenger)
"Requiem" (1940), short story Lunatic c. 1980s/1990s
The elderly Harriman, the man whose company made space travel possible, makes one last attempt to fulfill his lifelong dream of traveling to the Moon. Part of Robert Heinlein's "Future History" series.[14][15]
Farley (last name not given) "The Rocket of 1955" (1941?), short short story Unknown 1955
Mars-bound astronaut, who discovers too late that his spacecraft is the product of a gigantic confidence trick; killed when it explodes during liftoff.[16][17]
Erik Vane
Michael (no last name given)
Lida (no last name given)
"Space Episode" (1941), short story Ares Future
Attempt to reach Mars is aborted by meteor impact.[18][19]
Chamberlain, Dr. (Atomic scientist)
Russell, Maj. (US Army)
Reynolds, Maj. (Communications)
Arch Oboler's Plays
Rocket from Manhattan (1945), radio play
XR-1 September 20, 2000
Crew returning from first manned moon expedition witnesses atomic war break out on Earth. Chamberlain is a former Manhattan Project scientist. Adapted into 1956 play Night of the Auk (q.v.).[20][21]
R. S. Goshawk:
Hicks (Captain)
"Noisy" Rhysling (Jetman, Second Class)
Unnamed personnel

Unnamed captain
Unnamed Master-at-Arms
Archie Macdougal (Chief Jetman)
Unnamed personnel
"The Green Hills of Earth" (1947), short story Harriman Company/Trust (Hawk-class):
R. S. Goshawk
Falcon (passenger vessel)
c. 1980s – 2000s
After losing his sight in shipboard accident, Rhysling becomes the "Blind Singer of the Spaceways". Part of Heinlein's "Future History" series. Adapted into Dimension X episode in 1950, featuring additional Goshawk crewmen named Mike Hertzmann (a wiper, later Chief Jetman on the Falcon) and "Jimmy Legs" Casey (the bosun).[22][23][24]
David (last name not given) "Inheritance" (1947), short story A.15
A.20 (David/Goliath)
Near Future
Welsh test pilot on suborbital rocket flights from Atlas Mountains in Africa.[25]
Lewis Taine (US)
Pierre Leduc (France)
James Richards (UK)
Victor Hassell (UK)
Arnold Clinton (Australia)
Prelude to Space (1947), novel Prometheus Alpha/Beta 1978
Candidates for the first manned mission to the moon.[26]
Donald Morris "Don"[c] Cargraves, Sc.D. (Captain)
Maurice "Morrie" Abrams (Second-in-command/co-pilot)
Ross Jenkins (Flight engineer)
Arthur "Art" Mueller (Medical officer/radar/radio)

Helmut von Hartwick, Lt. Col. ("Elite Guard") (Executive Officer)
Unnamed lieutenant (Utility rocket commander)
Friedrich Lenz (Sergeant-Technician, 2nd Class) (Utility rocket pilot)
49 unnamed crewmembers
Rocket Ship Galileo (1947), novel Galileo

"New Reich":
Wotan (later renamed City of Detroit)
Utility rocket
Near Future[d]
Scientist Cargraves and his teenaged crew discover Nazi moonbase west of Oceanus Procellarum.[27]
Hicks (Pilot)

Supra-New York:
Shorty Weinstein (Computer)
Unnamed psychiatrist

Flying Dutchman:
Kelly (Captain)
Jake Pemberton (First Pilot)
Unnamed personnel

Space Terminal:
Soames (Commodore-Pilot)

Jake Pemberton (Pilot)
"Space Jockey" (1947), short story Trans-Lunar Transit:
Supra-New York (Satellite station)
Space Terminal (Moon orbiting station)

Earth-to-Moon spacecraft:
Flying Dutchman (Flight 27)
Philip Nolan

Winged rockets:

Moon landing rockets:
c. 1980s
While piloting passengers and freight to Moon, Pemberton is distracted by marital troubles and an unruly child passenger. Part of Heinlein's "Future History" series.[28][29]
Sam Houston Adams
Thomas Dooley
Maurice Feinstein
Hazel Hayakawa
Kurt Schaeffer
G. Washington Slappey
"The Black Pits of Luna" (1948), short story Unknown August 11, 1984 / c. 2000
In backstory, scientists are killed in 1984 explosion of atomic lab on lunar farside near Rutherford. Part of Heinlein's "Future History" series.[30][31]
Rocket number seventeen (Russia):
Mikichenko (no first name given)

Rocket number nineteen (US):
George Vincent Quinn
Rocket number twenty (US):
John J. Armstrong
Dreadful Sanctuary (1948), serial; (1951), novel Unknown (Russia, United States) 1972
Pilot Quinn and inventor Armstrong commandeer Moon-rockets to prevent third world war. Quinn makes first manned Moon landing in Copernicus.[32] Significantly revised for 1963 paperback edition.
Unnamed captain
William "Bill" Cole (a.k.a. William "Bill" Saunders) (Chief Communications Officer/Relief pilot)
Tom Sandburg (Junior communications officer)
"Ordeal in Space" (1948), short story Valkyrie c. 2000
Traumatized by spacewalk accident during passenger run to Mars, Cole becomes acrophobic and changes his name in an attempt to start a new life on Earth. Part of Heinlein's "Future History" series.[33][34]
Louis Garnett
"The Sentinel" (1948), short story Unknown 1996
Explorers who discover something remarkable on the shores of the Sea of Crises.[35]
Space Station One:
"Tiny" Larsen (Superintendent)
"Dad" Witherspoon (Assistant superintendent)
Gloria Brooks "Brooksie" McNye (Chief Communications Engineer)
Robert Dalrymple (Chief Inspector)
Hammond (Radioman)
Jimmie (Timekeeper) (no last name given)
McAndrews (Shipfitter)
O'Connor (Metalsmith)
Peters (Radioman)
Unnamed personnel

R. S. Half Moon:
Don Shields (Captain)
"Delilah and the Space-Rigger" (1949), short story Harriman Enterprises (owner)/Five Companies, Incorporated (contractor):
Space Station One

R. S. Half Moon (supply ship)
Pole Star (supply ship)
c. 1980s
Construction crew of first space station is surprised by arrival of female communications engineer. Part of Heinlein's "Future History" series.[36][37]
Unnamed captain
Unnamed crewman
"Kaleidoscope" (1949), short story Rocket Company Future
Crew hurled apart into space when rocket explodes.[38]
Moon Base:
Unnamed Commodore (Commanding Officer)
Towers, Col. (Executive Officer)
Morgan, Maj. (Senior Bomb Officer)
John Ezra "Johnny" Dahlquist, Lt. (Ph.D.) (Junior Bomb Officer)
Smitty (Marine) (Lockmaster)
Lopez (Guard)
Unnamed personnel
"The Long Watch" (a.k.a. "Rebellion on the Moon") (1949), short story The Patrol:
Moon Base

United Nations?:
Trygve Lie
June 1999
Dahlquist sacrifices himself to prevent world coup d'état by Towers. Part of Heinlein's "Future History" series.[39][40]
Jim Barnes (Pilot)
Charles "Doc" Cargraves, Dr. (Propulsion Expert)
Thayer, Gen. (Co-Pilot)
Joe Sweeney (Radio Operator)
Destination Moon (1950), film Luna Near Future (June)
Astronauts on a nuclear rocket to the moon. Landing in crater Harpalus.[41][42][43][44][45]
Lewis Thorson (Captain)
"Smitty" Smithson, Dr. (Physician/Morale Officer)
Hollison, Lt.
Sparks (Communications)
Richardson (Gunnery)
Unnamed crew members
Dimension X
No Contact (1950), radio play
Starcloud June 2, 1987[e]
Sixth crew attempting to breach "Great Galactic Barrier" and reach planet Volta. Commander Collier, a navigation officer, and men named Prentiss and Margitson were lost on previous missions.[46]
Cornelius Otterbyrne, Prof. (Atomic physicist)
Paul Aarons, Dr. (Astromathematician)
Robert Simons (Electronic engineer)
Carl Parker (Mining specialist)
Henry Timkin (Federal Bureau of Missing Persons)
Jefferson Philo (Science journalist)
Dimension X
The Man in the Moon (1950), radio play
Unknown 1950
"Federal Bureau of Missing Persons" receives radio message from the Moon, leading to discovery of moonbase built in 1938 by "renegade scientists and criminals" on lunar farside. Otterbyrne and others were kidnapped as slave labor for colony.[47]
Raymond F. "Ray" Carmody, Capt. (U.S.S.F.)

Anna Borisovna Carmody
"Honeymoon in Hell" (1950), short story United States Space Service:
R-46 rocket

Unnamed rocket
September 16, 1962 – February 1963
American and Russian pilots marry and travel to Moon in attempt to escape unknown effect preventing conception of male humans on Earth. Landings in Hell crater. Carmody previously landed R-24 rocket on the Moon, one of eighteen American pilots to attempt the round trip and only five to return alive.[48]
Floyd Graham, Col. (Pilot)
Harry Chamberlain (Navigator)
William Corrigan, Maj.
Karl Eckstrom, Dr.
Lisa Van Horn, Dr.
Rocketship X-M (1950), film X-M ("eXpedition Moon") Near Future
Astronauts on a moon rocket that "accidentally" lands on Mars.[49][50][51][52][53]
Robert Maynard "Unwelcome Tenant" (1950), short story Unknown (Scientific foundation) Future
First man to travel to Mars realizes that all humans on Earth are the hosts of parasitic intelligences.[54]
Daniel MacGregor Dare, Col.
Albert Fitzwilliam Digby
Dan Dare, Pilot of the Future (1950–1967), comic Anastasia 1996+
Astronaut in Earth's Interplanetary Spacefleet; travelled to Venus, Mercury, Saturn.
Jim Barker, Dr. (Commander/Engineer)
Steve Abbott (Journalist)
William Jackson, Prof. (Scientist)
Lane, Dr. (Scientist)
Carol Stafford (Physicist)
Flight to Mars (1951), film The Pentagon:
Rocketship M.A.R.S.
c. 2001
First manned Mars mission encounters dying Martian civilization.[55][56][57][58]
Power satellite:
Unnamed personnel

Unnamed pilot
Leslie "Les" LeCroix, Capt. (Relief pilot)

Les LeCroix, Capt.

Les LeCroix, Capt. (Pilot)
Bob Coster (Engineer)
Janet (Scientist) (no last name given)
Three unnamed scientists
The Man Who Sold the Moon (1951), novella Power satellite
Charon (shuttle rocket)

Harriman and Strong:
c. 1978
Commercially funded initial Moon expeditions. LeCroix makes first Moon landing in Pioneer west of Archimedes; Mayflower establishes first Moon colony. Part of Heinlein's "Future History" series.[59]
Crandall (Captain)
Killian (Executive Officer)
Lavinia Pickerell[f]

Haggerty (Navigator)
Miss Pickerell Goes to Mars (1951), novel Unknown Contemporary/Near Future
Secret expedition to Mars. Haggerty is accidentally left behind on Earth due to Miss Pickerell unexpectedly boarding rocket.[60]
Henderson (no first name given) "Old Man Henderson" (1951, revised 1970), short story Unknown Future (21st century?)
Now an old man, Henderson reminisces about being the first man on the Moon.[61]
Wayne Crowder "Vital Factor" (1951), short story

Tales of Tomorrow
Test Flight (1951), TV
Wayne Crowder Enterprises Near Future
Spacecraft on privately financed test flight is redirected to Mars.[62][63][64]
Space station officers:
Colin Ord

Marilyn Lynn, Dr. (Physician)
Fifty unnamed crewmembers
"Hallucination Orbit" (aka "The Bliss of Solitude") (1952), short story Station Two

Four Star Lines:
Lioness (relief ship)
Lone officers manning space station in Pluto's orbit are afflicted by "solitosis".[65]
Mercury expedition:
R. Doyle
Borrell (Navigator)
Glynne (Radio Operator) (no first names given)
Unnamed crewmembers

Inner Station:
R. Doyle, Cmdr. (Training)
Tim Benton (Senior apprentice)
Ronnie Jordan
Norman Powell
Karl Hasse
Peter van Holberg
Five unnamed apprentices
Unnamed crewmembers

Space Hospital:
Hawkins, Dr. (no first name given) (Biologist)
Unnamed scientist
Unnamed crewmembers

Jones, Capt. (Pilot) (no first name given)

Inter-orbit ferry:
Unnamed pilots
Islands in the Sky (1952), novel Mercury expedition

Space stations:
Inner Station (Space Station One/Residential Station)
Space Hospital
Relay Station Two

Morning Star
The Skylark of Space (ferry)
Inter-orbit ferry
Earth ferry (spaceplane)
Late 21st century
16-year-old Roy Malcolm wins trip to Inner Station on television quiz. Doyle took part in first expedition to Mercury years earlier; Morning Star made first circumnavigation of Venus in 1985.[66]
Jeff Foldingchair

Miles Vance, Capt.
Nat Rothman (Pilot/Geologist)
Richard "Dick" Steele (Engineer)
Paul Sokolsky, Dr. (Physician/Biologist)
Lewis "Lew" Wong (Radar Operator)
Ginger Parsons (Cook/Photographer)
Charles "Chuck" Svensen
Marooned on Mars (1952), novel United States / Space Commission (under United Nations charter):

First manned Mars mission, launched from Moon base. 18-year-old Svensen stows away after being replaced on crew by Wong due to his age. Foldingchair is a long-time rocket pilot who stowed away on the second manned Moon mission 25 years earlier.[67]
Connors (Captain)
Barton (Tube chief)
Withington (Fuel man) (no first names given)
"The Missing Symbol" (1952), short story Rachel II Future
Crew of first manned Moon mission is affected by space madness.[68]
Burney, Dr. (Commander)
Emil Wohl (Head geologist/Second-in-command)
"M.D." McLeod (Physician)
Sherman, Dr. (Chief astronomer)
Louise Hansen (Astronomer)
Bucky O'Neil (Rocket pilot)
Johnny Pierce (Map section)
Mike Ramirez (Radio operator)
Joey Friedman (Radio operator)
Jean (Nurse) (no last name given)
Edna (no last name given)
36 unnamed personnel

Tractor Two:
Paul E. Hansen (Spare photographer/Tractor driver)
Fernandez (Geologist)
Groswald (Mechanic)
Van Ness (Astronomer)
Moonwalk (1952), novelette Moonbase
Tractor One
Tractor Two
On excursion from first major moonbase (in Archimedes crater), Tractor Two plummets over ringwall of crater Plato, leaving Hansen to find his way back to base alone.[69][70]
Frederick "Fred" Stone, Capt.

Fred Stone, Col.

Fred Stone, Col. (Commander)
Bill Parks
Space Cat (1952), Space Cat Visits Venus (1955), Space Cat Meets Mars (1957), Space Cat and the Kittens (1958), chapter books United States Air Force:
Near Future
Cat named Flyball accompanies Stone on suborbital flight and first manned Moon flight in ZQX-1, journey to Venus and Mars in Halley, and flight to Alpha Centauri aboard hyperdrive-powered Einstein.[71][72][73][74]
Robert "Robbie" Malcolm (Captain)
Bart (Scientist)
Tales of Tomorrow
Appointment on Mars (1952), TV
Standard Motors (sponsor) Future
Three men on first expedition to Mars turn on each other.[64][75]
Paula Martin Bennett Tales of Tomorrow
Flight Overdue (1952), TV
Unknown Near Future
Ambitious aviatrix joins Moon mission.[76][77]
Allen Rice, Maj. "Thanasphere" (1952), short story United States Air Force
Project Cyclops
First man in outer space discovers that it is inhabited by ghosts.[78][79]
Hal Barlow (D-716) "By Earthlight" (1953), short story The Brotherhood Near Future
Member of secret society placed aboard unmanned US moon rocket to delay atomic war. Landing in Albategnius.[80]
Laird Grainger (Commander)
Kip Reissner, Lt. (USN) (Co-Pilot)
Helen Salinger (Navigator)
Douglas "Doug" Smith (Radio Operator)
Walter "Walt" Walters (Engineer)
Cat-Women of the Moon (a.k.a. Rocket to the Moon) (1953), film Atomic Rocket Group 4:
Moon Rocket 4[h]
Near Future
First manned Moon mission encounters female lunar inhabitants.[81][82][83]

Garrard (no first names given)
"Common Time" (1953), short story The Project:
DFC-3 (starship)
After first two pilots to attempt to reach Alpha Centauri system fail to return, Garrard experiences severe time variations and a mysterious alien encounter on the third attempt.[84][85]
Martin Dearborn, Capt.
George Beebe
Unnamed colonists
Missing Men of Saturn (1953), novel Unknown Future
Dearborn and his colonists, the first humans to reach the Saturn system, are captured on Titan by Saturnians, resulting in their descendants spending the next hundred years on Saturn.[86]
Robert "Bob" Cox "Nightmare Brother" (1953), short story Unknown Future
After the first starships return to Earth with their crews driven mad by their experiences, Cox undergoes rigorous training to follow them.[87]
"Bright Eyes" Briteis, Col. (Commander)
Bill Moore, Maj.
Wernher, Dr.
Project Moonbase (1953), film United States Space Force Command (USSF SPACOM)
Project Moon Base:
Magellan (renamed Moon Base #1)
First lunar orbital mission turns into Moon landing when Wernher is unmasked as an impostor. The female Col. Briteis was the first human in Earth orbit.[88][89][90]
Ludwig Rechenheim, Dr.
Charles Greene
Victor Carroon
The Quatermass Experiment (1953), TV Experimental Rocket Unknown
Astronauts of the British Experimental Rocket Group. Crew of the first manned space mission; only Victor Carroon survives the flight.[91][92]
Rocket ship:

Space Platform:
Unnamed garrison members
Robot Monster (a.k.a. Monster from Mars, Monsters from the Moon) (1953), film Rocket ship
Space Platform
Alien invader Ro-Man destroys space platform and rocket carrying Jason and McCloud, two of the last eight humans on Earth. The story turns out to be a little boy's dream.[93][94]
Space Station:
Pepper, Gen. (USAF) (Commanding Officer) (no first name given)
Unnamed space taxi pilot
Unnamed personnel

Moon rocket:
George Merola, Capt. (USAF) (Pilot/Navigator)
Dan Forbes, 1st Lt. (USAF) (Engineer)
Fred Gehardt, Dr. (Geologist)
Peter Phelps, M.D. (Physician)
Ted Baker
Rocket to Luna (1953), novel United States Air Force September 1983
17-year-old Space Academy cadet Baker, an accidental addition to the crew, crashes first manned Moon rocket in Mare Crisium, forcing him and Forbes to make 1000-mile trek to supply dump in Mare Imbrium near Archimedes.[95]
Pelican One:
Joe Kenmore (Skipper)
Chief Bender (Engine room)
Thomas Haney (Bos'n)
Mike Scandia

Space Platform:
Sanford (Senior scientist/Commander)
Brent (Crew psychologist)
Corey (Crewman)
Brown, Lt. Cmdr. (USN) (Replacement commander)

Brown, Lt. Cmdr. (USN) (Commander)
Unnamed crewmembers
Space Tug (1953), novel United States
Space Exploration Project:
Space Platform (space station)
Pelican One (supply ship)
Unnamed supply ship
Near Future
Pelican One flies first resupply mission to American space station armed with atomic missiles and assists Moonship in making first manned Moon landing.[96]
Stephen Mitchell, Dr.
Lisa Frank, Dr. (Mathematician)
Spaceways (1953), film AS-2 Near Future
American rocket scientist Mitchell, an adviser to British space program, makes first manned spaceflight to prove himself innocent of murder.[97][98][99]
Andrew "Jet" Morgan, Captain
Lemuel Barnet
Stephen Mitchell
"Doc" Matthews
Journey Into Space (1953–5), radio Operation Luna 1965+
British Commonwealth astronauts on a trip to the Moon and beyond.
Hugh Allenby (Commander/Astronomer)
Burton (Pilot)
Janus (Photographer)
Gonzales (Botanist)
Randolph (Biologist)
Peters (Mineralogist)
"The Holes Around Mars" (1954), short story Mars I Unknown
Crew of the first manned expedition to Mars. They discover that the planet is orbited at very low altitude by a micro black hole.[100]
Richard Donald Stanton, Dr.
Walter J. Gordon
Jerome "Jerry" Lockwood, Dr. (Prof.)
Riders to the Stars (1954), film Unknown (US) Near Future
Astronauts make suborbital flights to capture meteors.[101][102][103]
Reverdy L. "Rev" McMillen, III, 1st Lt. (USAF)

Rescue ship:
Frank Pickrell, Capt.
Four unnamed crewmembers
"The Cave of Night" (1955), short story Unknown (US) Near Future
Efforts to rescue McMillen from orbit inspire humanity to explore space. Pickrell later commands orbital platform Doughnut.[104][105]
Samuel T. "Sam" Merritt, Col.
Barney Merritt, Capt.
André Fodor, Sgt.
Imoto, Sgt.
Mahoney, Sgt.
Jackie Siegle, Sgt.
Conquest of Space (1955), film Unknown Near Future
Astronauts on a mission to Mars.[106][107][108][109][110]
Unnamed captain
Frank (Navigator)
Bill (Radio Operator)
Joe (Engineer) (no last names given)
Man and the Moon (a.k.a. Tomorrow the Moon) (1955), TV
Space Station Number One (S-1)
RM-1 (Moonship)
Near Future
Crew of first manned voyage around the Moon.[111][112][113]
Richard "Dick" Gordon, Dr. (Zoogeographer)
Nora Pierce, Dr. (Mineralogist)
Ralph Martin, Dr. (Physician)
Patricia "Pat" Bennett, Dr. (Chemist)[i]
King Dinosaur (1955), film United States Near Future (from April 23)
Travelers to planet Nova, which recently entered Earth's solar system. Launch on October 2.[114][115]

Rocket ship:
Doc (Physician)

Moonbeam III:
Doc (Physician)
Unnamed crewmembers

Moonbeam IV:
Unnamed crewmembers

The Cow:
Tom (Captain)
Four unnamed crewmembers

Moon Ship I:
Unnamed crewmembers

Moon Ship II:
Unnamed crewmembers

Moon Ship III:
Tom (Captain)
Doc (Physician) (no last names given)
Unnamed crewmembers (Bill and Fred also on expedition)
Peter and the Rocket Ship (1955), Peter and the Two-Hour Moon (1956), Peter and the Moon Trip (1957), chapter books United States Army:
Unnamed rocket ship

Moonbeam III (rocket)
Moonbeam IV (rocket)
Two-Hour Moon (Space Station)

The Cow
Moon Ship I
Moon Ship II
Moon Ship III
Near Future
Young Peter Sills accompanies crews of first manned spaceflight, Moonbeam III mission to build humanity's first space station, and first manned lunar landing. The Cow flies around Moon; Moon Ships I, II and III land in Bay of Rainbows near Sea of Rains, where crews build moon base.[116][117][118]
Bernard Quatermass, Prof.
Leo Pugh, Dr.
Quatermass II (1955), TV Experimental Rocket Near Future
Scientists of the British Experimental Rocket Group go into space in an attempt to use a faulty nuclear rocket to blow up an alien asteroid/spacecraft directing a covert invasion of Earth.[119][120][121]
Cohen "the Wire-haired Terror"
Beerbelly Flacker
"Mickey Mouse" Gindes
"Walky" Walkinok
"Bendover" Wendover

Long Haul:
Scampy (Cadet) (nickname; no real name given)
"Who?" (a.k.a. "Bulkhead") (1955), short story Space Service Future (post-20th century)
Cadet training for starship command whose crewmate on round-trip training voyage is a 15-year-old boy.[122][123]
"Ridge" Ridging (Geophysicist)
"Shan" Shandara (Cartographer)
Tazewell (No first names given)
Unnamed crewmembers
"Dust Rag" (1956), short story The Project:
Future (20th century)
On first moon expedition, Ridging and Shandara are endangered by dust in Plato crater.[124][125]
Luther Blair (US) (Nuclear scientist/Expedition leader)
Larson, Capt.
Doc Higgins
Sydney Stanhope
Fire Maidens from Outer Space (a.k.a. Fire Maidens of Outer Space) (1956), film Expedition 13 (US/UK) Future
Mission to the thirteenth moon of Jupiter discovers survivors of Atlantean civilization.[126]
Lewis Rohnen (Albert Rohnen Foundation) (Expedition Leader)
Thomas "Tom" Russell, Col./Gen. (USAF) (Operational Officer)
Bruner, Dr. (No first name given) (Atomic scientist)
Franklin Lormer, Maj. (Engineer)
Jan Kephart, 1st Lt. (Jet Expert)
Maximillian "Mac" Hartman, Lt. (US Army) (Communications Officer)
Night of the Auk (1956), play First Moon Expedition:
Rocket One
Near Future ("The day after some tomorrow")
First manned moon landing triggers nuclear war on Earth.[127]
M 76:
Stephen Maxwell, Prof. (Commander/Navigator)
Petifer (Pilot)
Bertram "Bert" Hapton
Gordon Holder (Fuel Consumption Engineer)
Unnamed crewmember

US spacecraft:
Stilwell, Gen.
Vanburg, Capt.
Boles, Lt.
John DeLut (Biologist)
Jaeger (Mathematician)
Unnamed crewmembers
No Man Friday (a.k.a. First on Mars) (1956), novel M 76 (UK)

Unnamed spacecraft (United States Air Force)
c. 1957 – 1972
Holder is stranded on Mars after his crewmates die in decompression accident. American spacecraft lands at latitude -35.[128]
Michael Haydon, Cmdr.
"Lefty" Blake
Merrity, Prof. (Scientist)
Larry Noble
Kim Hamilton (Reporter/Stowaway)
Satellite in the Sky (1956), film Project Stardust (UK)
Stardust (spaceplane)
Near Future
Spaceplane carries atomic bomb into orbit.[129][130][131]
Ralph C. Pigeon, Cmdr.
Acuff, Lt.
Unnamed astronauts

Titan Expedition:
Crawford, Cdre.

Stranger Station:
Paul Wesson, Sgt.
"Stranger Station" (1956), short story Cologne

Titan Expedition

Stranger Station
July 1, 1987


c. 2087
A century after Pigeon's emergency landing on Titan leads to first contact with non-humanoid alien race, Wesson is sent to Stranger Station in high Earth orbit for a visit by one of the aliens.[132][133]
Unnamed (Commander)
Trevor Williams, Prof. (Astronomer)
Henderson (Geophysicist)
Dave Bolton (Navigator)
Unnamed crewmembers

"Van" Vandenburg, Capt. (Commander)
Paynter, Dr (Geophysicist)
Anderson, Dr (Astronomer)
Unnamed crewmembers

Krasnin (Commander)
Vladimir Surov (Botanist)
Unnamed crewmembers
Venture to the Moon (1956), series of short stories Endeavour (UK)
Goddard (USA)
Ziolkovski (USSR)
Near Future (after 1972)
First manned expedition to the Moon, joint UK/US/Russian project; landing in Mare Imbrium. Richards and Shannon named as discoverers of life in Eratosthenes five years later. Vandenburg later travels to Mars, Krasnin to the inner solar system.[134]
Eldon Galbraithe, Dr. (Commander)
Herbert Ellis (Radio Operator)
John Borden, Dr. (Scientist)
Henry "Hank" Jaffe (Engineer)
World Without End (1956), film Unknown March 1957
Astronauts returning from Mars orbital mission travel forward in time to the year 2508.[135][136]
Paul Bresh
Emanuel "Mannie" Mengild

George Johnstown Graves, Col. (Commandant, Arizona Research Station)
"The Dark Star" (1957), short story Unknown Future
Candidates for first flight to the Moon. Bresh makes flight and is later a member of the Second Exploratory Party to Mars. Graves was a rocket pilot in the early days of manned spaceflight.[137]
"Mighty" Maxon (Captain)
29 unnamed women
"Expedition" (1957), short short story Unknown Future
Captain of first major Mars expedition quickly impregnates all 29 of his crewmates.[138]
Norris Caird, Cmdr. (Pilot)
Kerry (Medical Officer/Deputy Pilot/Navigator)
John Patterson (US) (Electronics Officer)
Robert "Bob" Vaughan (Engineer/Geologist)
Janet Ross (Stowaway)
High Vacuum (1957), novel Ministry of Astronautics (M.O.A.) (UK):
Near Future
First manned Moon rocket crash-lands in Mare Imbrium due to added weight of stowaway.[139]
Bruce G. Davis, Jr.
Marvin Oldbury
"Ideas Die Hard" (1957), short story Project Deep Space (US) Near Future
Astronauts attempt to learn why three unmanned spacecraft failed on way to the Moon.[140][141]
Dave Woodbury
John Hansen
"Insert Knob A in Hole B" (1957), short short story Space Station A5 Future
Astronauts plagued by ambiguous assembly instructions for equipment.[142][143]
Harper (Captain)
Jantz, Prof. (Mathematician/Astronomer)
Jackson, Dr. (Geologist)
Holt, Dr. (Chemist)
Pegram (Navigator)
Davis (Engineer) (no first names given)
"Intruders" (1957), short story Executive Council, Expedition H.Q. (a.k.a. Organization Headquarters)
Advance Expedition:
Lunar Base One
First expedition to the Moon establishes underground base near Tycho, but must fight unexpected enemies.[144]
Communications Satellite Two:
Unnamed (Narrator)
Sven Olsen (Construction)
Jock Duncan (Cook/Doctor)
Jim (no last name given) (Engineer)
Gregory "Gregg" Wendell (Junior station announcer)
Unnamed (Head of transport section)
Unnamed crewmembers

Solar Observatory:
Julie (no last name given) (Solar physicist)
Unnamed crewmembers

Stevens (Captain)
Unnamed crewmembers
The Other Side of the Sky (1957), series of short stories Space Service:

Communications Satellite Two (a.k.a. Relay Two)
Solar Observatory

Late 1970s

January 1, 2001
Workers building communications relay satellite and studying Sun in late 1970s. In 2001 narrator's son departs aboard Starfire, flagship of ten-ship Mars expedition.[145]
Harry Ross (Flight Commander)
Brainerd (First Astrogator)
Lon Curtis (Second Astrogator)
"Doc" Spangler (Psych Officer)
Krinsky (Accumulator Tech)
"Sunrise On Mercury" (1957), short story Second Mercury Expedition:
Second crew to land on Mercury encounters telepathic lifeform.[146][147]
Robert "Bob" Calder, Col. (Commander)
Sharman, Dr. (Chief scientist)
15 unnamed crewmembers
20 Million Miles to Earth (a.k.a. The Beast from Space) (1957), film United States Air Force
Project 5:
XY-21 (single-stage rocket)
Near Future
13-month round-trip mission to Venus brings back egg of dinosaur-like creature.[148][149][150]
Chris Godfrey (UK)
Serge Smyslov (USSR)
Morrey Kant (USA)
Tony Hale (UK)
Chris Godfrey of U.N.E.X.A. series (1957–79), juvenile novels Numerous, including Luna 1, Columbus, Lenin and Phoenix Near contemporary
British astronaut who makes the first manned spaceflight, launching from Woomera, and international colleagues who later join him in the "United Nations Exploration Agency" for missions to the Moon and all planets in the solar system.[citation needed]

Hank Williams, Lt.
Bill, Lt. (Navigator) (no last name given)
"Critical Angle" (1958), short story Rocket Service (US):
Near Future
First manned spacecraft on the Moon is trapped by dust in Copernicus, but breaks free with unexpected consequences.[151]
John McLaren, Prof. (US) The Day the Sky Exploded (a.k.a. Death Comes from Outer Space) (1958), film US/Russia/UK:
X-Z atomic rocket
Near Future
First attempted circumnavigation of Moon results in Earth being threatened with meteorite bombardment.[152][153]

Ken Pickering (USAF)

Adam Philip Crag (Commander)
Max Edward Prochaska (Electronics Chief)
Gordon Wells Nagel (Oxygen systems)
Igor Malin (impersonating Martin LeRoy Larkwell) (Mechanical maintenance/construction)

Michael Gotch, Col. (USAF)
Fredrick Gunter (Secretary-General of the United Nations)
Unnamed pilot
Two unnamed crewmembers

Otto Richter (East Germany) (Scientist)
Two unnamed crewmembers

"Red Dog":
Four unnamed crewmembers
First on the Moon (1958), novel United States Air Force
Step One:

S-2 (Satelloid)
Astronaut (atomic spacecraft)

"Eastern World":
"Red Dog"
Near Future
American mission to establish moonbase in Arzachel crater is opposed by unnamed "enemy" power from behind Iron Curtain, and complicated by presence of ringer in crew. Pickering is first human in space aboard "satelloid", a spaceplane with small wings.[154]
Van Wyck (Captain)
Pat Gilvey, Dr.
Marvin T. "Chowderhead" Roebuck
"The Hated" (1958), short story Unknown Future
Crew of Mars mission returns to Earth wanting to kill each other.[155]
Challenge 141:
Edward "Ed" Carruthers, Col.
Nine unnamed crewmembers

Challenge 142:
Van Heusen, Col. (Commander)
Ann Anderson (Geologist/Archeologist)
James Calder, Lt.
Bob Finelli
Gino Finelli
Joseph "Joe" Kienholz (Biologist)
John "Jack" Purdue, Maj.
Eric Royce, Dr.
Mary Royce, Dr. (Physician)
It! The Terror from Beyond Space (1958), film Challenge 141
Challenge 142
July 1973
Carruthers, the sole survivor of the first expedition to Mars, is accused of murdering his fellow crewmembers.[156][157][158]
Joan Jones Joan of Arkansas (1958), TV United States Contemporary/Near Future
Unsold sitcom pilot about dental technician chosen to become first human on Moon.[159]
Stepan Mikhailovich Ivankov, Maj.[k]

Bryant "Bud" Ashland, Capt. (USAF)
"The Manned Missiles" (1958), short story Soviet Union

United States
Contemporary/Near Future
Ivankov, the first man in space, and Ashland, the first American in space, die when their spacecraft collide in orbit.[160][161]
Steve Dayton
June Saxton
Gary Fennell (Convict)
Lon (Convict)
Missile to the Moon (1958), film Unknown Near Future
Rocket researchers and escaped convicts encounter female lunar inhabitants. Loose remake of Cat-Women of the Moon (q.v.).[162][163]
Junius Robb, Capt. (USAF)
"Moon Glow" (1958), short story Project Ajax (?)
Ajax XX
Near Future
First Americans to land on the moon.[164]
John "Johnny" Corcoran, Maj. Night of the Blood Beast (1958), film X-100 Contemporary/Near Future
First man launched into orbit; seemingly dies on reentry.[165][166]
British Satellite Station:
Unnamed commander
George Montgomery "Ticker" Troon, Flt Lt, VC
Unnamed crewmembers

British Moon-Station:
Michael Troon (Station-Commander)
Reeves (Sub-Commander)
Calmore (Sub-Commander)
Ellen (Physician) (no last name given)
Witley, Sgt.
Unnamed crewmembers

Soviet Moon-Station:
Alexei Goudenkovitch Budorieff, Gen. (Red Army) (Commander)
Zinochek, Col.
354 unnamed crewmembers

Raul Campaneiro (Commander)
Geoffrey "Geoff" Montgomery Trunho, Capt. (Navigator)
Camilo Botoes, Lt. (Electronics Officer/Geologist)
The Outward Urge (1958), novel British Satellite Station

British Moon-Station
Soviet Moon-Station

Skyforce, Space Division (Estados Unidos do Brasil):
E.U.B. Spacevessel Figurão
November 1994


December 9, 2093 – June 24, 2094
In 1994, Ticker Troon sacrifices himself to save British Satellite Station from enemy missile. Fifty years later, his son Michael commands British Moon-Station in Archimedes crater during nuclear war on Earth which results in destruction of American Moon-Station in Copernicus and Soviet Moon-Station in Ptolemy. In 2094, Michael's great-grandson Geoff is fatally stranded on Mars after first manned landing when Figurão becomes disabled. Landing on April 18, 2094, in Isidis-Syrtis Major area at 48°N 275°E / 48°N 275°E / 48; 275.[167]
Neil[l] Patterson, Capt. (Commander)
Michael "Mike" Cruze, Lt.
Larry Turner, Lt. (USAF) (Navigator)
Konrad, Prof. (Dr.) (Passenger) (no first name given)

Space Station A:
Berger (no first name given)
Unnamed crewmembers
Queen of Outer Space (1958), film United States:
Starfire (TF-5)
Space Station A
Rays from Venus destroy space station and send ferry rocket Starfire off course to that planet. Patterson and his crew were the first men to orbit the Moon.[168][169]
American satellite:
Morgan (Commander)
"Shorty" Kaufman (Astronomer)
"Mac" McNary (Meteorologist)

Russian satellite:
Three unnamed cosmonauts
"Satellite Passage" (1958), short story American satellite

Russian satellite
Near Future
American and Russian crews on near-collision course.[170][171]
Pol Van Ponder, Dr. (Commander)
Dave Boyer (Astronomer)
John Campo (Engineer)
Sybil Carrington
Howard Lazar, Dr. (Physician)
Unnamed crewmembers
War of the Satellites (1958), film United Nations:
Project Sigma
Near Future
Crew launched aboard three spacecraft which merge into single satellite in attempt to breach alien quarantine of Earth.[172]
Unnamed (Space Station Supervisor)
Unnamed doctors
"Who's There?" (1958), short story Space Station Early 1980s
Spaceman hears mysterious noises during spacewalk. Bernie Summers named as earlier spacewalk casualty.[173]
Brice Rogers World's Finest Comics
"The Menace of the Moonman!" (1958), comic
Unknown Contemporary/Near Future
Pilot of first manned space rocket, hurled into lunar orbit by Superman; he flies through a comet's tail and becomes the super-powered Moonman.[174][175][176]
Thomas "Tom" O'Bannion, Col. (USAF) (Pilot/Navigator)
Iris "Irish" Ryan, Dr. (Biologist/Zoologist)
Theodore Gettell, Prof. (Scientist)
Sam Jacobs, CWO (Electronics/Radar)
The Angry Red Planet (1959), film MR-1 Near Future
First manned Mars mission encounters bizarre dangers.[177][178][179][180]
Space Station JSS3:
Unnamed personnel

Ship 1:
Kenjiro Adachi, Dr. (Prof.) (Commander)
Ichiro Katsumiya, Maj. (Chief)
Yuichi Iwamura (Navigator)
Pierce (Gunner)
Etsuko Shiraishi (Radio)

Ship 2:
Roger Richardson, Dr. (Prof.) (Commander)
Nomura (Chief)
Sylvia (Radio) (no last name given)
3 other crewmembers

Fighter rockets:
Unnamed pilots
Battle in Outer Space (1959), film Space Station JSS3

United Nations (F.F.E.)
Ship 1
Ship 2

Fighter rockets
Earth fights hostile aliens from planet Natal. Two SPIP ships fly to Moon to investigate alien base near Mare Marginis.[181][182][183]
Space station:
James "Jim" Benedict, Dr. (Station head)
Matthews, Col.
Kurt Easton (Observer)

Lunar spacecraft:
Dave Reynolds (Commander)
Destination Space (1959), TV movie Space Station B.B. ("Benedict's Billions") (US)
Lunar spacecraft (US)
Near Future
Failed attempts to launch first lunar orbit mission from space station.[184]
McRoberts, Maj. (Commander) (First name not given)
Brad Summers, Capt. (Copilot)

Space Station:
Anderson, Col. (Commander) (First name not given)
Milton, Dr. (Astronomer) (First name not given)
Unnamed crewmembers

Ferry rocket:
Unnamed pilot
First Boy on the Moon (1959), novel United States Space Force:

Space Station
Ferry rocket
Near Future
Two boys and a frog stow away on the first manned mission to the Moon.[185]
Dan Milton Prescott, Lt. (USN) First Man into Space (a.k.a. Satellite of Blood) (1959), film United States Navy:
Y-12 spaceplane
Y-13 spaceplane
Near Future
Air Force Space Command pilot flies plane into space, returns as monster.[186][187]
Unnamed astronaut (US) "The Man Who Lost the Sea" (1959), short story Alpha (booster)
Beta (booster)
Gamma (Mars lander)
Delta (Earth return ship)
Future (c. late 20th century)
Astronaut dying after crash-landing on Mars.[188][189]
Eugene Kornev/Albert Gordon, Dr. (Scientist)
Andrei Gordienko/Craig Matthews

Robert Klark/Torrance, Capt.
Erwin Verst/Dan Martin, Dr.

Gregory Somov/Paul Clinton
Nebo Zovyot (1959), film

Battle Beyond the Sun (1962), film
Space station
Rodina ("Homeland")/Mercury
Future (Nebo Zovyot)

November 1997 (Battle Beyond the Sun)
Soviet film re-edited for American release with names changed. Rodina/Mercury and Typhoon (nations of origin unspecified in Soviet version; "South Hemis" and "North Hemis" in American version) both attempt first Mars flight, but an emergency rescue leads to a landing on the asteroid Icarus instead. The events in the Soviet version turn out to be a dream. South Hemis' Mars mission called "Project Red Planet" in American version.[190][191][192]
Unnamed (USSR) (Chief Co-ordinator of Project Ares)
Jim Hutchins (US) (Assistant)
Hutchins' wife (unnamed)
"Out of the Cradle, Endlessly Orbiting..." (1959), short story Astronautics Authority:

First Lunar Base

Project Ares
First manned Mars expedition in preparation at lunar base inside crater Plato; meanwhile, Hutchins' son is first human born off-Earth. References to past events include US Navy rescue of cosmonaut Dimitri Kalinin in South Pacific; Jerry Wingate making first manned orbit of Moon; landing of Hermann Oberth in Bay of Rainbows with loss of crew members.[193]
Mike Ferris, Sgt. (USAF) The Twilight Zone
Where Is Everybody? (1959), TV
United States Air Force Contemporary
Air Force astronaut trainee hallucinates himself in empty town during isolation experiment.[194][195][196]
Stafford (no first name given)

Henderson (no first names given)

Fox (no first names given)

John Jenkin, Lt.
"Forms of Things Unknown" (1966), short story High Command Near Future
In posthumously published story by C. S. Lewis, first four manned missions to the Moon all end with contact abruptly lost with crews.[197]

Classic period[edit]

Astronauts from the 'Golden Age' of space travel, from its beginnings to the late 1970s, before the building of the Space Shuttle.


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Mercury (1960–1963)
"Doc" Adams, Dr. (Space medicine expert)
Tom (no last names given for last three)
Sea Hunt
Diving for the Moon (1959), TV
Operation Moon Dive Contemporary
Candidates for first spacecraft crew take part in underwater survival test.
Clegg Forbes, Col.
Ed Harrington, Col.
William "Bill" Gart, Maj.
The Twilight Zone
And When the Sky Was Opened (1959), TV
X-20 Contemporary/Near Future
Astronauts return from first manned space flight and begin to vanish from the world and people's memories.[198][199]
Three unnamed astronauts "Egocentric Orbit" (1960), short short story Unknown (one-man capsules) Contemporary/Near Future
First three men in Earth orbit experience unexpected psychological effects.[200][201]
Donlin, Col.
The Twilight Zone
I Shot an Arrow into the Air (1960), TV
Arrow One Contemporary/Near Future
Three survivors of eight-man crew crash on what they think is an asteroid, but turns out to be Nevada.[202][203]
Jose Jimenez Jose Jimenez the Astronaut (1961), Jose Jimenez in Orbit (1962), LP records Mercury Contemporary
Astronaut in the United States Interplanetary Expeditionary Force (USIEF). They were going to send a dog... but they thought that would be too cruel.
Squarely Stable N/A (Early 1960s) Mercury Contemporary
Husband of Primly Stable, super-perfect astronaut wife in skits performed by Rene Carpenter and other Mercury wives.[204][205]
Michael A. R. Samson ("Mike Mars")
Johnny Bluehawk
Jack Lannigan
Rodney Harger
Joseph Stacey
Orin McMahan
Hart Williams
Todd Larner
Mike Mars series (1961–6), novels Project Quicksilver (Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, S-IVB space station) Contemporary (1962-1969)
Astronauts in a project paralleling the actual Mercury, Gemini and Apollo projects.
Margaret Mackenzie, Lt. Tarzan, King of the Jungle. #51 (1961), comic Operation High Ball Contemporary
NASA launches a young female pilot into space on a Mercury test flight, under the code name Operation High Ball. The mission goes badly wrong and in an emergency re-entry, the astronaut narrowly escapes death when her capsule lands in a central African lake. She is rescued by Tarzan, who eventually helps her return to civilization and her home in Massachusetts.
Harry Jackson, Capt.
Dennis Lynds,
Forrest (First name not given)
"What Need of Man?" (1961), short story Project Argus Contemporary/Near Future
Astronauts involved in the testing of a fully automated winged orbital re-entry vehicle.[206]
Matt Powell X-15 (1961), film X-15 Contemporary
Test pilot flies X-15 to the edge of space.[207]
Four unnamed astronauts
"Dead-Eye" Dick Williamson, Maj.
Gabby Stark, Col.

Pluto III/Pluto IV:
Lucius L. "Lucky" Lucas, Col.

Pluto V:
Myron Philpot Phipps, Maj. (Ph.D.)
The Astronaut (1962), novel United States Air Force
Project Pluto:
Pluto III
Pluto IV
Pluto V
Military Earth-orbit project in competition with U.S. Army and Navy efforts. Lucas' death is falsely announced to cover up Pluto IV launch failure; Phipps becomes first American in orbit on Pluto V.[208]
Mike Sklorski, Maj. (US) The Big Pull (1962), TV Unknown Contemporary/Near Future
First astronaut to pass through Van Allen radiation belt dies, then begins to merge with other people.[209]
Paul Davenport, Capt. (US) Control Somnambule (1962), short story Apollo Near Future
Astronaut sent on a solo round-the-moon mission who is subjected to a mysterious temporal discontinuity, subsequently revealed to have been caused by aliens.[m][210]
Howard Judgen, Maj. The Time Factor (1962), novel Unspecified[n] Contemporary/Near Future
Astronaut reassigned from the space program to take part in a time travel experiment.[212]
(USAF) Matt Crispin
Duke Dalmead
George Raccoli

(USN) Bruce Blair
Rupert Meredith
A Flight of Chariots (1963), novel Mercury
Columbia 12
Fictional astronauts added to the original Mercury 7 four months after they were selected. Matt Crispin's flight in Columbia 12 ends with an emergency landing in the Gibson Desert when the oxygen system fails.[213][214]
Caroline Baker, Maj. The Adventures of Little Archie
The Missing Astronaut Mystery (1963), comic
Mercury-Atlas 1963
All America is watching anxiously as Major Caroline Baker prepares to become the first female astronaut by making a brief solo spaceflight on a late Mercury-Atlas mission. After being launched successfully, Baker's re-entry is far off course and she is kidnapped by Soviet agents when she splashes down.[215]
Steve Crandon The Outer Limits
The Man with the Power (1963), TV
Unknown Contemporary/Near Future
Astronaut recruited for telekinetic asteroid mining project.[216]
Joseph Reardon, Capt. The Outer Limits
The Man Who Was Never Born (1963), TV
Unknown 1963
Astronaut who travels through "time convulsion" in Earth orbit and finds himself on post-apocalyptic Earth in 2148.[217][218]
Sid Stein
Mike Seaman
"The Trouble with Telstar" (1963), short story Dyna-Soar
Nelly Bly
Contemporary/Near Future
Astronauts launched to carry out the first in-space repair of a malfunctioning satellite.[219]
John Jameson, Col. The Amazing Spider-Man, Spider-Man Unlimited, Spider-Man 2 (1963–present), comics, TV, and film Mercury, Apollo Contemporary
NASA astronaut afflicted with lycanthropy.
Andy (no last name given) Andy Astronaut (1968), picture book Unknown (one-man capsule) Contemporary
Profile of typical astronaut's career and spaceflight.[220]
Hal Brennan, Col.
Michael "Mike" Barnes, Dr.
Countdown (1970), novel NASA:
Hermes program
Early 1960s
Astronauts in follow-up program to Mercury, using one-man Hermes spacecraft launched by Titan rockets. Barnes is nearly killed on program's final mission due to oxygen system failure.[221]
Maurice Minnifield Northern Exposure (1990–5), TV Mercury Contemporary
Former NASA astronaut living in Alaska.
Amerika Bomber/Silbervogel:
Horst Reinhardt,[o] Lt. (Luftwaffe)

Lucky Linda:
Rudy "Skid" Sloman, Lt. (Army Air Force) (Capt., USN, in short story) (Pilot)
Joe McPherson (Backup pilot)[p]

U.S. Space Force:
Gerry Mander[q]
"Goddard's People" (a.k.a. Operation Blue Horizon) (1991), short story

V-S Day (2014), novel
Silbervogel ("Silver Bird") (A-9 Amerika Bomber in short story)

United States Army Air Force:
Operation Blue Horizon
X-1 (Lucky Linda)
January 19, 1942 – May 26, 1944 (Alternate History) / 1991 (Alternate History) (short story)

August 20, 1941 – June 1, 1943 (Alternate History) / June 1, 2013 (Alternate History) (novel)
Alternate history in which Nazi Germany and the US launch first manned spaceflights in 1943 (1944 in short story). Mander, one of the engineers who builds Lucky Linda, later becomes an astronaut, serves on space station and travels to Moon. Set in same timeline as Steele's short story "John Harper Wilson" and novel The Tranquillity Alternative (q.v.).[222][223][224]
Charles "Chuck" Jones Voyage (1996), novel Mercury Early 1960s (Alternate History)
Second American to orbit Earth (on mission similar to Mercury-Atlas 7) in alternate history in which President Kennedy is wounded, and Jacqueline Kennedy killed, in November 1963 shooting.[225]
Lloyd Macadam, Col. (AIT)
Bricker (USSR)
Astronauts in Trouble: Space: 1959 (2000), graphic novel Aerospace Intelligence Taskforce (AIT) (part of USAF) 1959
When Soviet agent Bricker commandeers secret US moon rocket, Col. Macadam climbs aboard as rocket takes off to make sure that first man on Moon is American.[226]
Katerina Vasiliyevna Taraskaya, Jr. Lt. Red Moon (2001), novel Vostok c. 1963
A supporting character is the young and powerful Col. Katerina Borazova. It is revealed that four years earlier, when merely Jr. Lt. Taraskaya, she had been launched into orbit, after the Soviet premier had personally selected her to be the first woman in space. Character is loosely based on Valentina Tereshkova.[227]
Alkilina Mikhailovna Chirikova, Jr. Lt. Paragaea (2006), novel Vostok 1964
This novel begins in 1964, with the Soviet Union's second female cosmonaut Jr. Lt. Akilina Chirikova, already aboard Vostok 7, waiting nervously to be blasted into Earth orbit. To her relief, she is launched successfully, but after a couple of uneventful orbits, her ship enters a wormhole, and subsequently she lands in another world, a parallel Earth, called Paragaea.[228]
Francine Barry Children of Orion (2010), online novel Mercury September 1963 (Alternate History)
In this alternative history novel female pilots are included in NASA's 1962 astronaut group. One of them is to fly a Mercury mission before that program ends and become the first woman in space. Francine Barry, a 31-year-old civilian test pilot, is selected for the task. The Soviets fly a woman cosmonaut first, but the confident Ms. Barry still rides into orbit on the final Mercury-Atlas, designed Serenity 7.[citation needed]
Unnamed cosmonaut Yulia (2010), song/music video Vostok? Unknown
Cosmonaut on solo mission is doomed by malfunction while his wife/girlfriend watches on television.[229]
Unnamed cosmonaut The Last Cosmonaut (2011), short film Vostok? April 5, 1958
Cosmonaut on secret pre-Gagarin mission aborts reentry.[230]
Yelena Z. Kovalovski, Lt. The Sea of Okhotsk (2011), novel Vostok November 1963
Fantasy novel in which veteran Soviet Air Force flight instructor Lt. Yelena Kovalovski becomes the second woman in space, aboard Vostok 7.[231][232]
Natalya Dmitrievna Kubasova, Lt. Sparrow's Flight (2011), novel Vostok September 1960
In September 1960, the Soviet Union is ready to launch the first human into space. A female Soviet Air Force pilot, Lt. Natalya Kubasova, is launched in a Vostok capsule, but just after reaching orbit, the capsule malfunctions and the cosmonaut plunges to earth, landing in the American mid-West.[233]
Arthur Whitman Waltz for One (2012), short film Whitman Enterprises:
Omega 7 (Mercury-like)
"Wealthy eccentric" Whitman attempts to set solo space endurance record.[234]
Unnamed American astronaut Hoax Hunters Issue Nº.0 (2013), online comic Mercury 1961 and Contemporary
Astronaut launched into orbit prior to John Glenn to investigate Soviet space activity. He and the crow accidentally launched with him are bizarrely affected when exposed to Zero-point energy.[r][235]
Tatyana Fedorova, Capt.
Alexander Mikhailov, Maj.
Into the Silent Sea (2013), short film Vostok 5B 1963
In early 1963, the Politburo presses leaders of the space program to put Captain Fedorova, trainee cosmonaut and daughter of a senior Party official, into space on the Vostok 5B mission. When launch is brought forward, the risks of a mission failure increase. Fedorova is deemed too well-connected to be risked, so is replaced by Mikhailov. After a successful launch, he becomes stranded in orbit, and losing contact with his base, his final contact with Earth is with an Italian radio operator.
Unnamed cosmonaut The Landing (2013), short film Vostok August 6, 1960 – April 12, 1961 / Contemporary
First Soviet in space is killed by American farmer after crash landing.[236]
Liza Olegovna Klubnikova, Jr. Lt. Notte Dell’Avvenire (2013), Italian language novel Vostok 7 1963
This novel spans the period 1960 to 1989. After being plucked from a parachute club for selection as a cosmonaut, Klubnikova is nominated to go into space on Vostok 7, in 1963. Her belief in the Soviet system, and what she calls 'the Dream', gives her reassurance that the dangerous mission will be a success. However, during launch, she suffers hallucinations, due to oxygen starvation and anxiety, and loses contact with Earth. Three days later, she survives a crash landing, but is spirited away after her spaceflight and forced to present a false portrayal of her mission for propaganda purposes. Her belief in the Soviet system is shaken, and she is spirited away to live in obscurity in Berlin. In 1989, with the Soviet Union crumbling, she finally breaks her silence about her trip into space.[237]
Vladimir Felixovich Gogol Blue Darker Than Black (2016), novel Vostok Early 1960s
Cosmonaut who flew three secret ten-day military missions concurrent with publicly acknowledged Vostok program. In 1964, at the end of his third flight, he crash-landed in China and spent 40 months among Mongolian nomads.[238]
Guy Taylor, Cmdr. Capsule (2016), film Hermes December 4, 1959
British pilot on secret Earth-orbital mission launched from Woomera.[239]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Gemini (1964–1966)
Dan Cooper, Capt. (RCAF)
Nadia Kalinskaya, Lt. (Soviet Air Force)
Jacques Souris, Lt. (French Air Force)
Sonya Gombinski, Capt. (Polish Air Force)
SOS dans l'espace, Trois Cosmonautes, Apollo appelle Soyouz and other Tintin magazine stories (1957–69), comics Gemini XIII and others Contemporary
Comic book series by Albert Weinberg. Cooper, Souris and Kalinskaya all complete solo spaceflights in the Trois Cosmonautes. Kalinskaya and Gombinski (Poland's first cosmonaut) make an all-female Soyuz flight in Apollo appelle Soyouz.
Richard J. Pruett, Maj., USAF
Jim Dougherty, USAF
Andrei Yakovlev, Col.
Marooned (1964), novel Mercury 7 (Mercury)
Gemini (Gemini)
Vostok IX (Vostok)
July 1964
NASA astronaut on 7th Mercury flight (MA-10) trapped in orbit due to no retrofire; boilerplate Gemini (GT-2) launched to rescue; Russian cosmonaut also rendezvous. Novel also mentions docking of Vostok VII and VIII and names GT-3 crew as Shepard and Masters.
Henry Olsen (Pilot) "Una cuerda de nylon y oro" (aka "A Cord Made of Nylon and Gold") (1965), short story Gemini (Gemini 5?) August 1965 – Near Future
Astronaut deliberately cuts himself loose from Gemini spacecraft commanded by James McDivitt, then witnesses nuclear holocaust on Earth from orbit.[240]
Gilligan's Island
Nyet, Nyet, Not Yet (1965), TV
Voskhod? Contemporary
Cosmonauts who land on Gilligan's isle.[241]
Paradowsky, Col.
Borovin, Maj.

002 Operazione Luna (1965), film Voskhod? Contemporary
When cosmonauts Paradowsky and Borovin disappear in space, Italian criminals Franco and Ciccio, their doubles, are kidnapped and launched into space to cover up the mission's apparent failure.[242]
Stardust I:
Anthony "Tony" Nelson, Capt./Maj. (USAF)

Roger "Rog" Healey, Capt./Maj.
Leslie "Les" Wingate, Cmdr. (Command Pilot/LMP)
Pete Conway, Lt. (USNR)
Cortwright (no first name given)
Rich Ross, Cmdr.
Biff "Jetstream" Jellico, Maj. (USAF)

Sonya Tiomkin, Maj.
Posnovsky, Maj.
Gregorian, Maj.
I Dream of Jeannie (1965–70), TV Stardust I, Gemini, Project Alpha, Apollo Contemporary
Career NASA astronauts. Nelson, Healey and Wingate orbit the Moon on Apollo 14 in the episode "Around the World in 80 Blinks" (1969)[243] and are in quarantine after Moon mission in "The Solid Gold Jeannie" (1970). Other astronauts and cosmonauts appear in the episodes "The Lady in the Bottle" (1965), "Jeannie and the Marriage Caper" (1965), "Russian Roulette" (1965), "Tomorrow Is Not Another Day" (1968), "My Sister, the Home Wrecker" (1969) and "Never Put a Genie on a Budget" (1969).[244][245]
Unnamed astronaut The Avengers
Man-Eater of Surrey Green (1966), TV
Unknown; one-man capsule Contemporary
British astronaut dies in orbit; capsule re-enters following collision with giant alien plant.[246]
Jennings, Maj. (Pilot) (First name not given)
Bob Wyart (Co-Pilot)
Under the Wide and Starry Sky... (1966), short story Gemini, GT-9 Contemporary
Fictional Gemini IX crew who find themselves in serious trouble during the last hours of their two-week mission. Plot-line apparently based on the original Gemini IX flight plan.[247]
Mac MacKenzie, Capt.
Hector "Hec" Canfield, Lt.
It's About Time (1966–67), TV NASA:
Sitcom about astronauts who travel back in time and meet caveman family.[248]
Jupiter XVI:
Chris (last name not given)
Unnamed US astronaut

Voskhod (?):
Two unnamed cosmonauts

Bird 1:
Two unnamed Osato astronauts

Jupiter XVII:
Two unnamed US astronauts
You Only Live Twice (1967), film Jupiter XVI (Gemini)

Unnamed Soviet capsule (Voskhod?)

Bird 1 (reusable capsule)

Jupiter XVII (Gemini)
Presumed NASA and Soviet Union crews captured by Osato Chemicals (SPECTRE) spacecraft. Bird 1 uses expendable booster for launch; capsule capable of vertical pin-point landing like DC-X. Chris killed at capture due to EVA. Cosmonauts captured next. Capture of Jupiter XVII and probable outbreak of World War III prevented by James Bond.[249]
Voskhod 3:
Vladimir Kostrov, Maj.
Andrei Subbotin, Maj.

Aurora 1:
Vladimir Kostrov, Maj.
Sergei Nofikov, Capt.
Zhenia Svetlova, Sen. Lt.

Dawn 1:
Andrei Gorolev, Capt.
Cosmonauts on the Earth (Космонавты живут на Земле) (1968), Russian-language novel Voskhod 3 (Voskhod)

Aurora 1 (Soyuz)

Dawn 1 (Zond)
Semi-fictional work follows the lives and missions of nine cosmonauts recruited to fly the space missions which follow Vostok and Voskhod in period 1965-67. Seven ex-Soviet Air Force Pilots and two female champion sky-divers train to fly on the next generation of Soviet rockets. "Aurora" and "Dawn" are analogous to Soyuz and Zond spacecraft of the real Soviet programme. Capt. Gorelov becomes the first man to fly around the moon, while Sen. Lt. Svetlova replaces her close friend Marina Berzhenkova in the "Aurora" capsule at the last moment to become the first woman to make a spacewalk.[250]
Tom, Maj. Space Oddity (1969), song/music video Unknown Contemporary
Astronaut in one-man capsule who loses touch with Earth while on a spacewalk.[251]
Bill Stevens[s]

Gemini XII-A
Prime Crew:
Stephen Pitt, Lt. Cmdr.[t] (USN)
Robert "Roberto" Gauss, Dr.[u]
Backup crew:
Lewis Hammill, Maj. (USAF)
Daniel Golding, Capt. (USMC)

Two unnamed cosmonauts
Death of a Cosmonaut[v] (1969), novel Gemini XII-A

September 1966 – June 1967
Crew of a Gemini mission which makes a clandestine rendezvous with a failed Voskhod to carry out an autopsy of the cosmonauts.[252]
Charles "Hickory" Lee, Maj. (US Army)
Timothy "Tim" Bell
Harry Jensen, Capt. (USAF)
Edward "Ed" Cater, Maj. (USAF)

Gemini XIII
Randolph "Randy" Claggett, Maj. (USMC) (Command Pilot)
John Pope, Cmdr. (USN) (Pilot)

Apollo 18
Randy Claggett (CDR)
John Pope (CMP)
Paul Linley (LMP)
Space (1982), novel; James A. Michener's Space (1985), TV Gemini XIII

Apollo 18
Altair (CSM)/Luna (LM)
1960s – 1970s
NASA astronauts in James Michener's fictionalized account of the early years of the space program and the TV miniseries made from it.[253]
Alexander Alexandrovich "Sasha" Oryolin, Col. (Pilot)
Konstantine K. "Kostya" Strogolshikov, Col.
Peter Nevsky and the True Story of the Russian Moon Landing (1993), novel Voskhod 2 1965
First spacewalk mission, similar to the real Voskhod 2; cosmonauts survive crash landing in Ural Mountains.[254]
Marcus Aurelius Belt, Lt. Col. The X-Files
Space (1993), TV
Gemini VIII Contemporary (flashback to c. 1966)
Former NASA astronaut who is possessed by a creature from outer space.[255]
Gary "Gator" Augatreux (USAF) (Commander)
Ty Yount, Maj. (USAF)
Unnamed backup
Dark Skies
Mercury Rising (1996), TV
Midnight Wing:
Gemini (prototype)
October 21, 1962

January 30 – February 2, 1964
Astronauts on black ops missions for US military. Augatreux and Yount experience missing time while intercepting alien spacecraft on October 1962 mission launched into polar orbit from Vandenberg Air Force Base. February 1964 mission relays data from Ranger 6.
Vladimir Pavlovich Viktorenko
Unnamed cosmonaut
Voyage (1996), novel Voskhod 3 1966 (Alternate History)
First flight of alternate history cosmonaut Viktorenko, who later takes part in Moonlab/Soyuz mission.[225]
Voskhod 4:
Fabiano Dmietrivich Damianov, Maj.
Larissa Timofyevna Damianova, Capt.
Voskhod 4 (2010), novella Voskhod 4 (Voskhod) 1965
Cosmonauts launched on a 14-day Voskhod mission in 1965 are believed lost when their launch vehicle explodes high above Siberia.[256]
Dmitri Selonovich Doctor Who
"Space Oddity" (2013), comic strip
Vostok 11 (Vostok) 1965
Cosmonaut killed by Vashta Nerada while making first human spacewalk on classified military mission.[257]
Frank Conner Rocket Men (2013), short film Project Gemini

Sigma (homemade rocket)
Retired astronaut Conner builds homemade rocket with fired planetarium director. Conner was assigned to Gemini 11 but broke his arm and was replaced by Dick Gordon.[258]
Robert Braddock Rocketship (2013), short film Project Gemini 1965 / Contemporary
Astronaut who was assigned as command pilot of Gemini 9, but never flew in space due to heart problem.[259]
Blue Gemini:
Tim Agnew, Maj.

Crew One:
Andrew M. "Drew" Carson, Maj. (Command Pilot)
Scott Ernst Ourecky, Maj. (Pilot)

Crew Two:
Tom "Big Head" Howard (Command Pilot)
Pete "Squeaky" Riddle, Maj. (Pilot)

Crew Three:
Parch Jackson, Maj. (Command Pilot)
Mike Sigler (Pilot)

Jeff McKnight, Cmdr. (USN)
Three unnamed astronauts (USN)

First MOL mission:
Chris Cowin, Cmdr. (USN) (Command Pilot)
Edward "Ed" Russo, Lt. Col. (USAF) (Pilot)

Vladimir Felixovich Gogol, Lt. Col. (operational nickname Kochevnik ["Nomad"]) (Commander)
Pavel Dmitriyevich Vasilyev, Maj. (Soviet Air Force) (First Flight Engineer)
Petr Mikhailovich Travkin, Maj. (Soviet Air Force) (Second Flight Engineer)

Pavel Dmitriyevich Vasilyev, Maj. (Commander)
Petr Mikhailovich Travkin, Maj.

Vladimir Felixovich Gogol, Lt. Col.

Space Shuttle:
Andrew Carson "Andy" Ourecky (NASA/USAF)
Blue Gemini (2015), Blue Darker Than Black (2016), Pale Blue (2016), novels United States Air Force
Blue Gemini:
Gemini-Interceptor (Gemini-I)

United States Navy:
Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL)

Soviet Union:
Kochevnik ("Nomad") (Soyuz)
Krepost ("Fortified outpost") (Military space station)/Soyuz
Kochevnik ("Nomad") (Soyuz)

Space Shuttle
April 25, 1966 – June 19, 1969 (Blue Gemini)

July 17, 1969 – August 27, 1972 (Blue Darker Than Black)

August 29, 1972 – June 7, 1974 / Contemporary (Pale Blue)
Blue Gemini program is secretly reactivated to inspect and disable Soviet satellites. Gemini-Is are launched from Johnston Island and touch down on land using paraglider. Crew Two launches on test flight (Mission One) on February 25, 1969; Crew One flies first operational mission (Mission Two) June 13–14, 1969 (Blue Gemini). Crew One flies Mission Three September 9–11, 1969, and Mission Four March 10–13, 1970 (crash-landing in Haiti). Crew Three flies Missions Five and Six in June and September 1970; Crew One flies Missions Seven through Ten from January 1971 to January 1972. Soyuz Kochevnik flies secret mission to test military space station equipment from May 8 to c. May 18, 1970. MOL project is transferred from Air Force to Navy after its official cancellation; Cowin and Russo fly first MOL mission July–August 1972. Blue Gemini Crew One flies Mission Eleven (rescue mission to MOL) August 17–18, 1972 (Blue Darker Than Black). Nuclear-armed Krepost occupied from September 14–October 24, 1972. Blue Gemini Crew One flies Mission Twelve (to Krepost) October 22–24, 1972 (launched from Cape Kennedy Air Force Station). Second Soyuz Kochevnik launched to relieve Krepost on October 23, 1972 (Pale Blue).[260][238][261]
Gemini 5:
Jim Harrison, Capt. (USAF) (Backup Commander)
The Last Pilot (2015), novel NASA:
Project Gemini
October 1947 – December 24, 1968
Air Force test pilot selected as member of NASA Astronaut Group 2. Harrison is assigned as prime commander of Gemini 8, but is pulled from mission due to personal issues.[262]
Andrei,[w] Col. (Soviet Air Forces) Voskhod (2015), short film Voskhod 3 1966 (November – December)
Cosmonaut stranded in orbit contacts American amateur radio operator.[263]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Apollo (1967–1975)
John Mason (Pilot)
Larry Carter (Co-Pilot)
First Men to the Moon (1960), novel Unknown Near Future
Spaceflight veterans Mason and Carter make first manned Moon landing near lunar north pole, using direct ascent mission mode and spaceplane fifth stage. Launch and landing on Pacific atoll.[264]
William Blood

Two other astronauts
Man in the Moon (1960), film United Kingdom:
National Atomic Research Studies [?] and Technological Development (NARSTI)
Near Future
British astronaut Blood makes failed Moon flight.[265][266]
Richmond D. "Rich" Talbot, Capt. (USAF) Starfire (1960), novel

Moon Pilot (1962), film
United States Air Force
Project Starfire
May 22–29, 1960 (novel)

Contemporary (film)
First American manned lunar orbit mission.[267][268][269][270]
Unnamed female cosmonaut "Hate" (a.k.a. "At the End of Orbit") (1961), short story Unknown Contemporary/Near Future
First human to orbit Moon crashes in Pacific Ocean near Thursday Island; dies when Hungarian refugee pearl diver prevents her from being rescued before her air runs out.[271]
Joseph "Joe" Faulk, Lt. Col. (USMC) (CDR)
Lester "Les" Mallon, Lt. Cmdr. (USN) (CMP)
Max Kovac, Maj. (USAF) (LMP)

Whitey Burke
Gary "Dad" Myers
Johnny Waco
Apollo at Go (1963), novel Apollo July 1969
Crew of first Apollo moon mission, launched on July 5, 1969; landing in Ocean of Storms. Faulk is a veteran of five previous Apollo missions, including an aborted solo suborbital flight.[272]

Mel Lockhart
The Crawling Hand (1963), film Unknown Near Future
While returning from second manned Moon mission, astronaut Lockhart asks for his spacecraft to be destroyed, but returns to Earth as animate severed arm.[273]
Francis Spender, Col. "A Question of Re-Entry" (1963), short story United Nations Space Department
Goliath 7
Early 1970s
First man to land on the Moon is eaten by cannibals after crash landing in Brazilian jungle.[274][275]
Ivan Kragoff (USSR) Marvel Comics (1963– ) Unnamed spacecraft Contemporary
Kragoff makes first manned flight to Moon, deliberately exposing himself to cosmic rays in order to gain superpowers and becoming the Red Ghost.[276][277]
Kanashima, Dr. (no personal name given) Le jardin de Kanashima (a.k.a. Garden on the Moon) (1964), novel Japan October 3, 1942 – October 1970
Physicist Kanashima makes one-way flight to become first man on Moon. Landing at west edge of Sea of Serenity.[278]
Apollo 3:
Charles "Chiz" Stewart, Jr., Col. (USAF) (CDR) (unnamed in novel)
Rick Lincoln, Lt. (USN) (Navigator)
Lee Stegler (Co-Pilot) (named Steven James "Steve" Lawrence in novel)

Pilgrim One:
Lee Stegler/Steve Lawrence

Alexis Plekhanov

3 unnamed cosmonauts (1 unnamed cosmonaut in novel)
The Pilgrim Project (1964), novel

Countdown (1968), film
Apollo 3 (simulation in film)
Gemini (Pilgrim One) (Mercury in novel)

Soviet Union:
2 Voskhods (2 Vostoks in novel)
Near Future
NASA astronaut using modified Gemini craft (Mercury in novel) to beat the Russians to the Moon. Landing near Surveyor 6 in Oceanus Procellarum.[279][280][281]
Roberts, Col.
Simms, Maj.
Doctor Who
"Moon Landing" (1965), comic strip
Unknown (rocket marked "MS") July 1970
First men on the Moon. Country of origin not specified. Mission launches on July 20, 1970.
Gavin Lewis
Clifford "Cliff" Banks, Maj.
Howell, Lt. Col. (no first name given)

Tony LaCava, Lt. Col. (CDR)
Martin Daniels, Lt. Col. (USMC) (CMP)
Hardy Smith, Cmdr. (USN) (LMP)
The Invaders
Moonshot (1967), TV
Unnamed CSM/LM
Contemporary/Near Future
After Banks and Howell are killed by mysterious red fog, they are replaced on Moon landing mission by their backups, one of whom is an alien imposter. Lewis was one of the first astronauts, but washed out of Moon program due to fluctuating blood pressure.
Frank Lewis, Dr. (Physiologist) (UK)
Stern (Pilot-Astronaut) (no first name given)
Roy Villiers, Capt. (Pilot-Astronaut)

Bill Sanders (CDR)
Thomas (Co-Pilot) (no first name given)
Unnamed astronaut

Karl Simmonds (Command Pilot)
Bob Mitchell (Co-Pilot)
Mike Gransome, Maj. (USAF) (Third Pilot)
Zenno Fillipini, Dr. (Italy) (Scientific Observer)

Don Hart (Command Pilot)
Roger Cope (Co-Pilot)
Joseph (Pilot) (no first name given)
Jean Romain, Prof. (France) (Scientific Observer)
Kings of Infinite Space (1967), novel NASA:
Unnamed CSM/LM
Unnamed CSM/LM

Project Ulysses
Autumn 1969 – c. 1970
New group of NASA astronauts selected in 1969 combines pilots and scientists and includes international component. Sanders commands lunar mission aborted when Thomas falls ill in flight. Spaceflight veterans Simmonds and Hart join new astronauts on missions using "Saturn VI" rocket (Saturn V with booster rockets added): four-man lunar mission with expanded spacecraft and Project Ulysses deep-space mission.[282]
Mikhail Andreievich Karkhov "Moondust, the Smell of Hay, and Dialectical Materialism" (1967), short story Soviet Union Contemporary (Winter)
First cosmonaut on Moon awaits death after malfunction. Landing in Ptolemaeus crater.[283]
Roy Fleming
Fred Gifford, Maj.
The Reluctant Astronaut (1967), film Apollo Contemporary
Russia plans on sending a dentist into space, to show the safety of their space program. NASA launches Fleming, Cape Canaveral's newest janitor, upstaging Russian launch.[284][285]
Walter "Walt" Emmons (CDR)
Ed MacKenzie (CMP)
Michael "Mike" Carter (LMP)
The Bold Ones: The New Doctors
One Small Step for Man (1969), TV
Unnamed (CSM)/Retriever (LM)
Apollo crew experiences medical emergency prior to lunar landing. Carter is first black astronaut on Moon mission.
Kenneth "Ken" McGeorge, Maj. The Hardy Boys
The Arctic Patrol Mystery (1969), novel
Apollo Contemporary
Astronaut kidnapped in Iceland while training for Moon mission.[286]
Ironman One:
Jim Pruett
Clayton Stone, Ph.D.
Buzz Lloyd

Andrei Yakovlev

Ted Dougherty (USAF)
Marooned (1969), film, novel Ironman One (Apollo)
X-RV lifting body
Near Future
NASA astronauts trapped in a defective capsule; a Russian cosmonaut attempts aid.[287][288][289]
Unnamed astronaut Squaps, the Moonling (1969), picture book Unknown Contemporary/Near Future
An astronaut takes a moon creature home to meet his children.[290]
Andria Vishinkin, Maj. (Soviet Air Force) Stalin, Tommy Tucker and God (1969), novel Soyuz 1973
This is not specifically a space-related novel, but a central character is Major Vishinkin, a cosmonaut in her mid-twenties, who is repeatedly described as the ‘most famous woman in Russia’. In the plot, she has just returned to Moscow from a solo space mission. The novel is openly set in 1973, so this appears to be a Soyuz.[291]
Jerry McGrath, Maj. (USAF) (Command Pilot)
Earl Boggs, Maj. (USAF) (Pilot)

Andrew "Andy" Zapf, Col. (USAF) (Backup pilot/CAPCOM)
Countdown (1970), novel Federal Space Agency (FSA):

Hermes II (command module)
Pegasus Orbiting Laboratory
Near Future (Early 1970s)
Post-Apollo wet workshop space station with potential military applications. Zapf is a Gemini and Apollo veteran.[221]
Bill Edwards (Command Pilot)
Dick Larch (UK)
Max Friedman
Re-entry Forbidden (1970), TV
Sunfire 1
Sunfire 2
Contemporary/Near Future
First flights of nuclear-powered spacecraft go awry. Larch is first British astronaut in space.[292]
Unnamed CSM/LM
Franklin Grimsby, Maj.

Jonathan Cornelius Evans, Lt. Cmdr. (CDR)
Jimmy Webster (CMP)
Charlie Willmers (LMP)
"Does the Name Grimsby Do Anything to You?" (1971), short story Unknown craft

Unnamed CSM/Falcon (LM)
The first astronaut to walk on the Moon returns shaken, his sleep disturbed with nightmares, when he finds evidence he is not actually the first astronaut to reach the Moon.[293]
Unnamed CSM/LM
Unnamed CDR
Richard Martin, Lt. Col. (CMP)
Unnamed LMP

Anna Christie
Roger Allen, Capt. (CDR)
Joseph Busby, Col. (CMP)
William Davis (LMP)
The Falling Astronauts (1971), novel Apollo
Unnamed CSM/LM;
Anna Christie (CSM)/Unnamed (LM)
Alternate late 1970s?
When the Command Module Pilot (CMP) of a lunar mission carrying nuclear seismic charges goes berserk, only the missions information officer, a former CMP himself, stands between Earth and catastrophe.[294]
Dick Matthews, Col. (CDR)
Jim Dunlap, Maj. (CMP)
Frank Perry, Capt. (LMP)
Here's Lucy
Lucy and the Astronauts (1971), TV
Apollo Contemporary
Astronauts returning from moon are quarantined with Lucy Carter.[295]
Three unnamed US astronauts Mutant 59: The Plastic Eater (1971), novel Apollo 19 Contemporary
The crew of a returning lunar mission are killed on re-entry because the Command Module systems have been contaminated with a plastic-eating virus.[296]
Dick Whitfield, Col. The Brady Bunch
My Fair Opponent (1972), TV
Apollo? Contemporary
Astronaut scheduled for moon mission is guest of honor at Marcia Brady's junior high school senior banquet night.
Showler (no first names given)
Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator (1972), novel Commuter Capsule 1972
Astronauts ferry hotel staff aboard Commuter Capsule to Space Hotel "U.S.A.", where they are attacked by Vermicious Knids.[297]
Walter Monaghan Revelations (1972), novel Fifteenth Expedition 1970s
Twenty-ninth man on Moon attempts to reveal terrible secrets about space program on exploitative TV talk show.[298]
Unnamed US astronaut The Exorcist (1973), film Apollo Contemporary
US astronaut whose death in space is foretold by Regan MacNeil. Connected by author William Peter Blatty to astronaut Billy Cutshaw in The Ninth Configuration.
Fergusson (CDR)
Drake (first names not given)
The Medusa Touch (1973), novel; The Medusa Touch (1978), film Achilles 6 (Apollo-like)
Unnamed CSM/LM
Contemporary/Near Future
Moon mission is doomed by telekinetic John Morlar.[299]
Steve Austin, Col.
Kelly Wood, Maj.
Josh Lang
David Tate
Leah Russell, Dr.
The Six Million Dollar Man (1973–8), TV Apollo 17 et al. Contemporary
Austin is a NASA astronaut injured in testing landing characteristics of lifting bodies in anticipation of the Space Shuttle program. Other astronauts and cosmonauts appear in the episodes Doomsday, and Counting; The Rescue of Athena One; Burning Bright; The Pioneers (1974); and The Deadly Countdown (1977).
Roland "Rick" Lawrence, Capt. (USN) (CDR)
Benjamin "Ben" Pelham (CMP)
David "Dave" Anderson, Col. (LMP)

Tom Estes (CAPCOM)
Flip Crowell (CAPCOM)[x]
Irving "Irv" Sellers (backup)[y]
Stowaway to the Moon: The Camelot Odyssey (1973), novel; Stowaway to the Moon (1975), TV movie Apollo
Camelot (CSM)/Little Dipper (LM)
NASA astronauts on an Apollo mission to the Altai Highlands who discover a child in the command module.[300]
Michael Kamp, Capt. Dhalgren (1974), novel Apollo Contemporary?
Apollo astronaut who visits the city of Bellona.[301]
William Driscoll
David Kneller
Leonard Wenger (CMP)
Harold Hansar (LMP)
The Last Canadian (a.k.a. Death Wind, The Last American) (1974), novel Apollo 23 ("John") (CSM/Lunar Exploration Module)
Moonlab I
Moonlab II
Near Future
Astronauts left without guidance from Houston after plague wipes out human life in United States.[302]
Melville (no first name given) "My Dream of Flying to Wake Island" (1974), short story Unknown (Three-man spacecraft) Contemporary/Near Future
Astronaut recovering from "mental breakdown in space."[303][304]
Bob Grodin Alternative 3 (1977), TV (hoax documentary) Apollo Contemporary
NASA astronaut who landed on the Moon and inadvertently stumbled upon a secret moonbase.
Richard "Dick" Royce, Cmdr. (USN)
Stan Richmond (CMP)
Hawaii Five-O
Shake Hands With The Man On The Moon (1977), TV
Apollo Contemporary
Washed-up astronaut Royce gets involved with crooked real estate developer.
Rick Delanty
Johnny Baker

Pieter Jakov
Leonilla Alexandrova Malik
Lucifer's Hammer (1977), novel Space Station
Spacelab 2


Alternate 1970s
Joint US/Soviet crew studying the close approach to Earth of the comet Hamner-Brown from orbit.[305][306]
Scott Rogers The New Adventures of Batman
The Moonman (1977), TV
Unknown Contemporary
College friend of Bruce Wayne flew solo mission to the Moon.
Horace Jones, Col. (CDR)
Joseph Pelham, Cmdr. (DMP)
Sydney Loren, Dr. (MS)
Sargasso (1977), novel Apollo 19 1977
NASA crew of Apollo 19, a joint mission with the Soviets and the last Apollo flight before advent of the Space Shuttle. They vanish from their spacecraft when it splashes down in the Bermuda Triangle.[307]
Billy Cutshaw, Capt. The Ninth Configuration (a.k.a. Twinkle, Twinkle, Killer Kane) (1980), film Apollo Contemporary
US astronaut who lost his sanity just before launching into space. Connected by author William Peter Blatty to astronaut character in The Exorcist.[308]
Boris (last names not given)
Superman II (1980), film Artemis 2
Fictional Society for International Space Exploration (SISE)-Soviet joint lunar mission. Crew killed by escaped Kyptonian criminals.[309]
Trippett, Capt. (USN)
Slade (first names not given)
"News from the Sun" (1981), short story NASA Unknown
Trippett was the last man on the moon; Slade was a trainee astronaut who washed out of the space program.[310][311]
Unnamed CDR
Robert S. Massey (CMP)
Unnamed LMP
The Red Dove (1982), novel Apollo
Unnamed CSM/LM[z]
1972, flashback from 1983
US astronaut who has a mental breakdown while preparing for a press conference after returning from the moon. Later used by the CIA to persuade a Soviet cosmonaut to defect along with his spacecraft.[312]
Garrett Breedlove Terms of Endearment (1983), The Evening Star (1996), films Apollo Contemporary
Retired middle-aged astronaut played by Jack Nicholson.[313][314]
Thomas Jefferson Stamford, Col. (USAF) (CDR) "The Object of the Attack" (1984), short story Apollo 20 1974 / 1982–1988
Retired NASA astronaut, rumored to have commanded secret Apollo 20 mission to place nuclear missile station in Mare Imbrium, becomes world-renowned religious leader.[315][316]
Christopher J. "Chris" Ahern, Col. (USAF) Simon & Simon
The Wrong Stuff (1984), TV
Apollo Contemporary
Veteran of 1971 moonwalk works for aerospace company connected to porn film.[317]
Forrest Gump
Janet Fritch, Maj.
Forrest Gump (1985), novel Unknown Contemporary
Gump's history as an astronaut was not included in the film adaptation.[318]
William "Bill" Miles, Ph.D. Remington Steele
Steele in the Chips (1985), TV
Apollo Contemporary
Astronaut who walked on Moon promotes Booster Bars for food company.[319]
Luna 15
Nikolai L. Kuzmin
Unnamed cosmonaut

Armstrong Base
Unnamed astronauts
Top Secret
"Operation Zondraker, Pt 2" (1987), role playing game
Luna 15

NASA Moonbase
Armstrong Base
1969 & 1999
Soviet cosmonauts sent to beat Apollo 11 to the Moon. Kuzmin lives long enough to plant the Soviet flag on the lunar surface after a crash landing. Their remains are not discovered for thirty years.[320]
Gerald R. "Gunner" Smith (CDR)
William C. "Bill" Griffin (CMP)
Edward Scott "Ed" Stone (LMP)
Darkside (1988), play Apollo 18
Independence (CSM)/Yorktown (LM)
September 1 – October 11, 1973
Smith and Stone are stranded on Moon when LM engine fails to ignite. Mission launched on October 4, 1973; landing in Clavius region.[321][322]
Paul Andrews Beyond the Stars (1989), film Apollo Contemporary
NASA astronaut who landed on the Moon.
Spike "Touchdown" Tiggler (USN)
Bud Stomovicz
Mike (CMP) (no last name given)
A History of the World in 10½ Chapters (1989), novel Apollo
Unnamed CSM/LM
1943 – c. 1978
Former astronaut Tiggler searches for Noah's Ark on Mount Ararat. Moon landing in summer 1974.[323]
John Harper "Johnny" Wilson, Maj. (USSF) (Commander)
Neil Holliday, Capt. (USSF) (Eagle One Pilot/Second-in-command)
18 unnamed astronauts
"John Harper Wilson" (1989), short story United States Space Force (USSF)
Luna One:
Eagle One, Eagle Two (passenger ships)
Eagle Three (cargo ship)
July 1969 (Alternate History) / 1988 (Alternate History)
In alternate history, Eagle One makes first manned Moon landing on July 20, 1969, in Sea of Tranquility; Wilson is first man on Moon. USSF spacecraft Columbus made first manned lunar flyby in December 1968 (crew unnamed). Set in same timeline as Steele's short story "Goddard's People" and novels V-S Day and The Tranquillity Alternative (q.v.).[324][325]
Dave "Rockford" Muldorff, Col. (USAF) (CDR)
Thomas Milburne "Tom" Gavin, Maj. (USAF) (CMP)
Richard Edgar "Dick" Baedecker, Col. (USMC) (LMP)
Phases of Gravity (1989), novel Apollo
Peregrine (CSM)/Discovery (LM)
December 1971 / June 1987 – November 1988
In June 1987, Baedecker takes a business trip to India and begins a voyage of self-discovery. 1971 landing near Marius Crater in Oceanus Procellarum.[326]
Al Calavicci, Rear Adm. Quantum Leap (1989–93), TV Apollo 8 c. 1968 / 1999
NASA astronaut in Apollo program. Circled the moon ten times. Calavicci landed the spacecraft safely after the computer systems crashed.
Mitiok Sviridenko (Trainee)

Sema Anikin (First stage)
Ivan Grechka (Second stage)
Otto Plucis (Third stage)
Dima Matiushevich (Lunar module)
Omon Matveevich Krivomazov[aa] (call sign Ra) (Lunokhod)

Pasiuk "Pasha" Drach, Maj.
Zurab "Zura" Pratsvania, Capt.

Armen Vezirov
Djambul Mezhelaitis
Omon Ra (1992), novel Luna-17B/Lunokhod
With the Soviet Union unable to operate automated spacecraft, young cosmonauts train for suicide mission to lunar farside.[327]
Roy "Eject"
Richard "Dick"
Howard "Howie" (no last names given)
"Walking on the Moon" (1992), short story Apollo
Unnamed CSM/LM
Contemporary (July 4)
Apollo crew reunites for holiday get-together. Set in same timeline as Steele's Near-Space series.[328]
Boris Prishkin, Col.
Ekaterina Univer "Katya" Prishkin

Soyuz 4:
Dmitry Mikhailovich "Mitya" Zhukovsky, Col. (Commander)
Soyuz 5:
Konstantine K. "Kostya" Strogolshikov, Col. (Commander)
Valya Glavtop, Capt.
Kolya Grin, Capt. (latter two transfer to Soyuz 4)

Luna 15:
Dmitry Mikhailovich Zhukovsky, Major-General (Command Pilot)
Konstantine K. Strogolshikov, Major-General
Alexander Alexandrovich "Sasha" Oryolin, Major-General (Flight Engineer)

Cosmonaut squadron:
Yurka Adama-Bibliov
Vitya Artzybashev, Capt.
Misha Cherryntevsky, Maj.
Zhora Fedyuninsky, Maj.
Valya Glavtop, Capt.
Kolya Grin, Capt.
Kopa Kandidim, Capt.
Trifya Miserbiev
Tima Schtange, Lt.
Genka Stumpelkin, Lt.
Vasya Tevyelook, Lt.

Cosmonaut candidates:
Peter Apollonovich "Petya" Nevsky, Lt.
Marcus Gogol, Dr.
Lev Lympyet, Prof.
Arkady Volgamints, Maj.
Peter Nevsky and the True Story of the Russian Moon Landing (1993), novel Soyuz 4
Soyuz 5

Luna 15 (Soyuz)
Laikushka (lunar lander)
June 17, 1968 – July 21, 1969
Cosmonauts in renewed push for lunar landing. Oryolin, Strogolshikov and Zhukovsky command squadron within Cosmonaut Corps. Soyuz 4/5 fly January 14–18, 1969 (as in reality). Luna 15 launches July 14, 1969; crash landing (in Sea of Crisis) and loss of contact on July 21. Nevsky, Stumpelkin, Gogol and Lympyet later fly Earth orbital missions in the 1970s and 1980s; Nevsky becomes commander of Cosmonaut Corps and visits Tranquillity Base with Stumpelkin at turn of century. Boris Prishkin was a cosmonaut in the early days of the Russian program; Katya Prishkin was one of four female cosmonauts trained for Vostok 6.[254]
Chuck Brittain (Gemini 9 prime crew)
Allen "Al" Cloud (USAF) (Gemini 12 Pilot)

Allen Cloud (CDR)
Walt Hammond (CMP)
Charlie Sumner (LMP)

Pete Leitner (Backup CDR)
Sea of Tranquillity (1994), novel Apollo (Apollo 16?)
Cormorant (CSM)/Raptor (LM)
1970 – 1990
Astronaut Cloud becomes estranged from his gay son. Moon mission in April 1972, landing in Cayley Plains; Cloud and Sumner are ninth and tenth men on Moon. Brittain was killed in NASA T-38 crash.[329]
Charles "Ace" Galvin, Lt. Col.
Buzz Thompson
The Wrong Stuff (1994), TV
Apollo Contemporary
Moonwalker Galvin is invited to endorse Sandpiper Air.[330]
Grandpa (unnamed) (CDR) Grandpa Takes Me to the Moon (1996), picture book Apollo
Unnamed CSM/LM
Apollo astronaut tells his grandchild bedtime story about his trip to the Moon.[331]
Unnamed astronaut "In the MSOB" (1996), short story Apollo c. 2020
The last surviving astronaut to walk on the Moon is euthanized in nursing home.[332][333]
Prospero One
Roly Gough, Wg Cdr (Commander)
Geoff Lighthill, Dr

Bob Nash (CAPCOM)
"Prospero One" (1996), short story Prospero April 26, 1974 (Alternate History)
Crew of the first independently launched British spacecraft. Story set in same alternate history as Stephen Baxter's Voyage (q.v.).[334]
Apollo 3?
Alan York (USAF)

Unknown program:
Daniel Gary
Frederick March
Rats Saw God (1996), novel Apollo Contemporary
Moonwalker York has troubled teenage son.[335]
Ted Curval
Bob Gold (Scientist-astronaut)

Apollo 11:
Joseph "Joe" Muldoon, Col. (LMP)

Philip "Phil" Stone, Maj. (USAF)

Charles "Chuck" Jones (CDR)
James "Jim" Dana
Phil Stone

Joe Muldoon, Col. (CDR)
Adam Bleeker
Phil Stone
Vladimir Pavlovich Viktorenko, Lt. Col. (Commander)
Aleksandr Solovyov

Chuck Jones (CDR)
Jim Dana (CMP)
Ben Priest, Col.
Voyage (1996), novel NASA:
Apollo 11


Enterprise (CSM)
Moonlab (Wet Workshop)

Grissom (CSM)
Soyuz T-3 (Komarov)

Apollo-N (NERVA)
July 1969 (Alternate History)

October 27, 1969 (Alternate History)

August 1976 (Alternate History)

November–December 1980 (Alternate History)

November 28–December 4, 1980 (Alternate History)
In alternate history, Muldoon is Apollo 11 LMP rather than Buzz Aldrin; Stone flies 200th and last mission of X-15 program in October 1969. Jones, Dana and Stone place Moonlab in lunar orbit in 1976. Soyuz T-3 (launched with N-1 rocket) docks with NASA Moonlab on December 1, 1980. Apollo-N, 1980 test flight of NERVA engine, ends in disaster.[225]
Slade (CDR)
Al Pond (CMP)
Bado, Col. (USAF) (LMP)

Williams (no first name given)
Unnamed astronaut

Soviet mission:
Unnamed cosmonaut

Jim Richards, Capt. (RAF)
Taine (no first name given)
"Moon Six" (1997), "Sun-Drenched" (1998), short stories Apollo
Unnamed CSM/LM

Unnamed LM/Lunar Payload Module/Lunar Flying Unit

Soviet lunar lander

Royal Air Force:
Prometheus (Alpha/Beta)
1970 (Alternate Histories)
In Moon Six, Bado finds himself shifting between parallel universes while on the Moon; in Sun-Drenched, Slade and Bado are stranded on Moon when Command Module explodes in lunar orbit, killing Pond. Landing near Surveyor 7 or 8 landing site, near Tycho.[336][337]
Apollo 18:
Bruce Cortney (CMP)

Apollo 19:
Gary Lucas (CDR)
Victor "Vic" Kendall (CMP)
Charles "Charlie" Shepherd (LMP)

Apollo 20:
Bruce Cortney (CDR)
Ice (2002), novel Apollo 18
Unnamed CSM/LM

Apollo 19
Quest (CSM)/Starlight (LM)

Apollo 20
Unnamed CSM/LM
February 1975
Apollo 19 astronauts on a mission to the Aitken Basin; Apollo 20 recovery mission. Apollo 18 mission to Schröter's Valley in the Ocean of Storms is part of back-story.[338]
Apollo 19:
Jeremiah "Jerry" Finch

Backup crew:
Gary Sprine
Flek Davis
Cud Wilson (backup to Finch)
Gentlemen of Space (2003), novel Apollo 19
Unnamed CSM/LM
October 1975 – August 1976
Earth science teacher Finch wins contest to become first ordinary person on Moon. July 1976 landing in Sea of Tranquillity.[339]
Orbital mission:
Sullivan Carew

Moon landing:
Wallace "Suitcase" Jefferson
Louis "Loopie Louie" Hayes

Peter "Stinky Pete" Carver
Rocket Randall
Unnamed astronauts
The Old Negro Space Program (2003), short film Negro American Space Society of Astronauts (NASSA) 1957 – 1966
African-American organization formed in response to lack of jobs for black Americans at NASA. Moon landing on September 31, 1966.[340]
Apollo 18:
Jake "Doggie Daddy" Deaver, Cmdr. (USN) (CDR)
Augustus Julian "Augie"[ab] Blake, Col. (USMC) (LMP)

Apollo (US/Soviet):
Three unnamed astronauts/cosmonauts
The Orion Protocol (2003), novel Apollo 18
Unnamed CSM/LM

Apollo (US/Soviet mission)
Unnamed CSM/LM

December 1974
Two-man crew of final official Apollo Moon mission investigates alien ruins in Sinus Medii. Secret US/Soviet follow-up mission, launched by Soviet Titan-class rocket, lands in Sinus Medii on December 25, 1974.[341]
Bucky Brandt 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover (a.k.a. How to Lose Your Lover) (2004), film Apollo Contemporary
Astronaut who traveled to Moon is having his biography written.
Robert "Bobby" Paradise Paradise (2004), TV movie Apollo Contemporary
Apollo astronaut who becomes a televangelist after his return to Earth.
Chet Aston "Astronaut of the Year" (2005), short story Apollo? Contemporary
Veteran of thirteen spaceflights has become lonely and rude in his old age.[342][343]
Nick Tercel Honeymoon With Mom (2006), TV movie Apollo? 2005
Astronaut who walked on Moon in 1980 (sic) now owns island resort.[344]
Yefgenii Yeremin
Ascent (2007), novel Zond Project July 1969
Soviet Korean War veteran launched on a secret mission to beat Apollo 11 to the moon. When the mission fails he is erased from history.[345]
Clark Evans "The Dream Life of Astronauts" (2007), short story Apollo 1980s
Unflown Apollo astronaut recruits gay teenager for sexual threesome.[346][347]
Paul, Capt. (CMP)
Jack (LMP) (no last names given)
The Spaceman (2009), novelet Apollo 20
Artemis (CSM)/Raven (LM)
December 15–17, 1972 (Alternate History) / Summer 1994
Command module loses contact with lunar module during J mission to Tycho commanded by Stu Roosa.[348]
Frank Allen (CDR)
Unnamed CMP
Max Donnelly (LMP)
"The Cassandra Project" (2010), short story Apollo
Unnamed CSM/LM
Late 1968
Secret landing before Apollo 11 to investigate alien dome in Cassegrain Crater. Astronauts' names changed in 2012 novel adaptation.[349]
Apollo 18:
Nathan "Nate" Walker, Cmdr. (CDR)
John Grey, Lt. Col. (CMP)
Benjamin "Ben" Anderson, Capt. (LMP)

LK Proton lander:
Unnamed Russian cosmonaut
Apollo 18 (2011), film Apollo 18
Freedom (CSM)/Liberty (LM)

Soviet Union:
LK Proton lander
December 1974
Apollo 18 astronauts on top-secret DOD mission to the lunar south pole discover dead Russian cosmonaut and alien life.[350]
Vance Peterson, Col. Adrift on the Sea of Rains (2012), novella Apollo Late 1980s (Alternate History)
Commander of US military Moon base which follows on from, and uses hardware developed for, the Apollo program.
Unnamed CSM/LM:
Sidney Myshko (CDR)
Brian Peters (CMP)
Louie "Crash" Able (LMP)[ac]

Frank Kirby (CAPCOM)

Unnamed CSM/LM:
Aaron Walker (CDR)
Amos Bartlett (CMP)
Lenny Mullen (LMP)
The Cassandra Project (2012), novel Apollo January 11–21, 1969

April 1969
Secret landings before Apollo 11 to investigate alien dome in Cassegrain Crater.[351]
Apollo 18:
Robert "Bob" Cartwright, Cmdr. (CDR)
Steve Dayton, Maj. (CMP)
Mason Gale (LMP)

Rick Delahousse (CAPCOM)

Boris Vasiliyevich Petrov, Col. (Commander)
Alexander Ivanovich "Sasha" Kruchinkin (Cosmonaut-Engineer)
Sea of Crises (2012), novel Apollo 18
Lexington (CSM)/Concord (LM)

Soviet Union:
September 1976 / Contemporary
Apollo 18 mission to Mare Crisium to investigate secret Soviet moonbase.[352]
Stan Arsenievich The Cosmonaut (2013), film Soviet Moonshot program
Kolibri module (fictional)
c. 1970–1975
Only member of the first Soviet manned mission to the moon. He gets lost during the trip to the Moon; upon his return, he has been inexplicably transported to an alternate Earth.[citation needed]
Unnamed astronaut Louie
Model (2014), TV
Apollo Contemporary
Former astronaut who walked on Moon punches Louie after he injures his daughter.
Project Apollo:
Frank Goldwing, Capt.
Unnamed astronauts

Modern era:
Scott Goldwing
Unnamed astronauts

Carson Industries:
Richard Carson III
Capture the Flag (2015), film NASA:
Unnamed (CSM)/Falcon (LM)

Carson Industries
Near Future (2010s)
When billionaire Carson attempts to claim the Moon for its helium-3 deposits, NASA launches an old Apollo spacecraft crewed by the retired Frank Goldwing, two children and a lizard to recover Apollo 11's US flag. Frank Goldwing was scheduled to fly on the last Apollo Moon mission but was dropped from the crew.[353]
Edward R. Jones, Cmdr. The Devout (2015), film Apollo 1 Contemporary
Astronaut who died in Apollo 1 fire is possibly reincarnated as little girl.[354]
Alan York iZombie
Patriot Brains, Astroburger (2015), TV
Apollo (unspecified flight) Between 1969 and 1972
Alan York is depicted as one of the first of the twelve men to have walked on the Moon. Cf. Rats Saw God above.[ad][355][356]
Salyut 4:
Ilya Ilyushin, Maj.[ae]
Astrotwins: Project Rescue (2016), novel Soviet Union:
Salyut 4

Crazy 9 (CSM)[af]
March 28 – April 13, 1976
Twelve-year-old Scott and Mark Kelly fly spare Apollo CSM to rescue cosmonaut stranded on Salyut space station. Crazy 9 is launched by Titan II rocket powered by sugar-based solid propellant.[357]

Modern period[edit]

Astronauts from recent times, mostly using the Space Shuttle.


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Spacelab Dynostar:
Eddie Van Buren, Cmdr.
Russ Walters (US)
Bob Townsend
Phillip Lyall
Richard Hart (UK)
Rene Lasalle
Jean Lucas (France)
Theodore Neumann
Otto Sigmund (Germany)
Will Patterson (Australia)
Mel Freeman

Orbiter Four:
John Hayward, Cdr.
Eric Fischer
Daniel Sicura, Maj.
The Dynostar Menace (1975), novel Space Station
Spacelab Dynostar

Space Shuttle
Orbiter Four
Near Future
A multinational team of astronauts working under the auspices of the United States Space Authority (USSA) to carry out the first test of a nuclear fusion reactor in earth orbit.[358][359]
Ed Tyler Phoenix (1975), comic book series Space Station
Threshold I

Escape pod
Astronaut becomes the superhero Phoenix the Protector after crashing in Arctic.[360]
Patrick Winter, Maj.
Ely Bron, Dr.
Coretta Samuel, Dr. (Medic)
Nadya Kalinina, Maj.
Vladimir Kuznekov, Col.
Gregor Salnikov (USSR)

Cooke, Maj. (Cmdr.)
Decosta, Capt. (Pilot)
Skyfall (1976), novel Orbital Power Station

USAF Space Shuttle
Near Future
A series of malfunctions turn an attempt to launch an orbital solar power station into disaster, trapping the payload in a decaying orbit and forcing the use of a military space shuttle to rescue the crew, even as the race to prevent it crashing into a populated area continues.[361]
Olaf Carlsen

Tom Carlsen, Col.
Eight others
The Space Vampires (1976), novel

Lifeforce (1985), film

ESA Space Shuttle
HMS Churchill, rescue shuttle
Early 21st century

Near Future
Hermes crew finds alien craft adrift in open space;

While investigating Halley's Comet an ESA/NASA crew of nine aboard the Churchill find an alien craft. Rescue shuttle returns aliens and Carlsen to Earth.
Yamaguchi (Last name not given) "Agoraphobia A.D. 2000" (1977), short story Unspecified[ag] 2000?
Japanese astronaut sent into the last open space in the Tokyo Megalopolis to see how he responds.[362]
Shuttle 7:
Unnamed commander
Unnamed pilot

Unnamed commander
Unnamed astronaut
The All-New Super Friends Hour
Space Emergency (1977), TV
Space Shuttle
Shuttle 7

Contemporary/Near Future
After a docking malfunction cripples the shuttle and Skylab, Wonder Woman, Hawkman and Hawkgirl must save the imperiled astronauts.
Three unnamed astronaut-scientists The All-New Super Friends Hour
Planet of the Neanderthals (1977), TV
Skylab 2[ah] Contemporary/Near Future
Astronauts assist Super Friends when Earth's civilization is regressed to primitive state.
Valery Adanin, Col. The Dragon (1977), novel Svoboda Contemporary/Near Future
Cosmonaut dispatched on a solo orbital reconnaissance mission over China. Killed when his capsule is struck by the beam from a prototype Chinese ASAT/ABM laser.[363]
Dr. Holly Goodhead

Numerous unnamed US Marine astronauts
Moonraker (1979), film/novel Space Shuttle Moonraker 1–6

Military Space Shuttle
James Bond and Goodhead launch to Hugo Drax's space station to thwart his plans. Six shuttles carrying several dozen men and women are also mentioned.[364][365]
Unnamed astronauts Poseidon's Shadow (1979), novel Space Shuttle[ai] Contemporary/Near Future
Astronauts launched to upgrade a military communications satellite.[366]
Spacelab 10:
Unnamed US astronauts and unnamed cosmonauts

Space Shuttle:
Chuck Marshall (US)
Giorgi (Last name not given) (USSR)
Quatermass (TV serial) (1979), TV/novel Space Station
Spacelab 10

Space Shuttle
Not named, call-sign is Mother Bird
Near Future
Spacelab Ten is a joint US/Soviet space project.[367]
Addison "Skip" Carmichael
Melanie "Mel" Slozar
Salvage 1 (1979), TV SSTO
Early 1980s
Privately built rocket/spacecraft constructed by a scrap-yard dealer. Used for lunar mission with the goal of salvaging Apollo hardware left on the moon.
Mike Bailey
Stacey Macklin
Wonder Woman (1979), comic books NASA:
Space Shuttle
Contemporary/Near Future
Astronaut trainees working with Diana Prince. Bailey turns out to be the Ten of Spades, a member of the Royal Flush Gang; Macklin later becomes the super-villain Lady Lunar.[368]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Erhardt (Cmdr.)
Jensen (Co-pilot)
(First names not given)
A Cold Wind From Orion (1980), novel Space Shuttle Contemporary
Astronauts of the United States Space Agency (USSA) on a mission to prevent the uncontrolled re-entry of an orbiting bioweapons laboratory.[aj][369]
Steve Bancroft
Lew Price
John Gates, Col. (USAF)
Hangar 18 (1980), film Space Shuttle
Launch of the first satellite by a Shuttle crew strikes a nearby UFO, killing Gates, who is conducting an EVA in the cargo bay.[370]
Three unnamed cosmonauts Death Beam (1981), novel Soviet Space Shuttle
Space Station
Near Future
Cosmonauts assigned to assist the assembly of an orbital particle beam weapon aboard the Soviet Union's new permanently manned space station.[371]
Soyuz 47
Valentin Karpov, Flight Cmdr.
Boris Tsiolkovsky, Flight Engineer
Shabir Al'Timimi, Pilot

Orbiter 102
Michael Allon, Col.
Peter Peabody, Col.
David Browne, Col.
The Hunting of Salyut 7 (1981), novel Soyuz
Soyuz 47

Salyut 7

Space Shuttle
Orbiter 102
Near Future
Palestinian Guest Cosmonaut hijacks an armed Soviet space-station.[372]
Unnamed American astronauts The Mahdi (1981), novel Space Shuttle
Contemporary/Near Future (Alternate 1980s)
Astronauts on a mission to place a satellite in geosynchronous orbit over the city of Mecca.[373]
Vince Torino, Lt. Col
William Cranston

Christopher 'Rusty' Bishop III, Col. (Cmdr)
Richard Merriman, Lt. Col. (Pilot)

Austin 'Tex' Harwood, Col. (Cmdr)
Adrienne Brooks, Dr. (Pilot)

Lionel Gerber
Gordon Alexander

Jack Lewis Jr, Lt. Cmdr (USN)
Robert D. Clark, Lt. Col. (USAF)

Schacter (First names not given)
Shuttle (1981), novel Space Shuttles

Hypersonic Boosters
Late 20th Century
The first attempt to launch a space shuttle using a manned booster fails, leaving both craft stranded in orbit.[374]
Joe Marvin

Frank King, Col. (USAF), Pilot
Lew Clay, Cmdr (USN), Co-Pilot
George "Hap" Hazard, P/S
Jacqueline Hart, M/S
Shuttle Down (1980/81), magazine serial, (1981), novel Space Shuttle
Near Future
The shuttle Atlantis is forced to make an emergency landing on Easter Island after launching from Vandenberg, causing an international crisis.[375][376][377][378][379]
Nikolai Federenko, Major, USSR
Dr. Keith Stoner, NASA
Voyagers (1981), novel Soyuz July 1984
Soviet cosmonaut and American astronaut who rendezvous with an alien spacecraft some 1 million miles from Earth. Craft is a standard Soyuz docked to three other larger modules assembled at Salyut 6 along with a fourth "tanker" module.
Roger Canfield, Capt.
Jennifer Tate
David Ackroyd
The Astronauts (1982), TV NASA:
Scilab (space station)
Near Future
Unsold pilot for American remake of British sitcom about astronauts on space station.[380][381]
Alan Shepley (Pilot)
Hinton (Co-Pilot) (no first name given)
Unnamed payload specialist
"Memories of the Space Age" (1982), short story Space Shuttle Near Future
Hinton murders former Apollo astronaut Shepley in orbit, causing time to slow in Florida.[382][383]
Alvin Kingsbury (Cmdr)
Randy Hull (Co-Pilot)
Orbit (1982), novel Space Shuttle
Near Future
When a hypersonic airliner suffers a malfunction that results in it being trapped in orbit NASA prepares a space shuttle for a rescue mission.[ak][384]
Oleg Sedrov, Cmdr
Nicolay Talin, Co-Pilot
Genin, Meteorologist
Vinnikov (First names not given for the last two crew)
The Red Dove (1982), novel Soviet Space Shuttle
Near Future

May 1983 – January 1984
Co-pilot of first Soviet Space Shuttle decides to defect to the United States along with his spacecraft after he discovers that the shuttle is carrying a thermonuclear weapon.[312]
(First names not given)

Vladimir Sergeevich Danilov
Yuriy Ivanovich Zhukov
Kiev Footprint (1983), novel Space Shuttle

Alternate 1980s
After the space shuttle Excalibur loses contact with Earth while on a military mission, the Soviet Union sends a Soyuz to investigate.[385]
Kennedy (Commander)
Goode (Pilot)
Jonathan Jaspar, Dr. (Astronomer)
Governor (Unnamed) (Passenger)
Mayor of Square Toe City (Unnamed) (Passenger)
Lavinia Pickerell (Passenger)
Miss Pickerell and the Blue Whales (1983), novel Space Agency (NASA?):
Space Shuttle
Near Future (Early October)
Miss Pickerell travels aboard space shuttle to investigate declining blue whale population. Sequel to Miss Pickerell Goes to Mars, Miss Pickerell on the Moon and Miss Pickerell and the Weather Satellite (q.v.).[386]
Christopher Leyland, Lt. Col.
William Cooke, Maj.
Wren T. Packard, Capt.
Janet Caulden, Capt.
Blind Prophet (1984), novel Space Shuttles:
Contemporary/Near Future
Crews of armed space shuttles sent to destroy Soviet military satellites. The satellites are launched under the guise of the double launch of the space stations Salyut 9 and Salyut 10.[387]
NASA astronauts:
Neil O'Hara
Al Benyon
Jim Bayliss
Mike Pepper

Non-NASA payload specialists:
Kellinah Assad
David Heinlein
Dominator (1984), novel Space Shuttle
Dominator (OV-141)
Near Future
NASA astronauts assigned to fly the space shuttle Dominator.[388]
Florida Arklab
Billy Hayes
Max Marek

Eva Thompson
Gregor Vandenburg
The Noah's Ark Principle (1984), film Space Station
Florida Arklab

Space Shuttle
Near Future

10 November 1997 - 13 November 1997
Astronauts of the United States/European Space Agency (USESA) who find themselves caught up in a murderous conspiracy.[389]
Ellen Vale, Dr.
John Fitch
Robert Malfi
The Sheriff and the Astronaut (1984), TV NASA Contemporary
Unsold crime drama pilot about Vale's romance with sheriff of Carrow County.[390][391]
Anna Firdova, Maj.
Sergi Bustovsky, Maj.
Two unnamed cosmonauts
Black Alert (1985), novel Soviet Space Station

Cosmonauts assigned to crew a nuclear armed space station.[392]
Yurii Ryumin
Vladimir Malyshev
Cold Sea Rising (1985), novel Soyuz?
Soyuz P7
Cosmonauts on an Earth-sciences mission similar to that of Soyuz 22 who observe a volcanic eruption separate the Ross ice shelf from the Antarctic continent.[393]
Cecil Howe, Cmdr.
Eva Jordan, Dr.
Walker (First name not given)
Def-Con 4 (a.k.a. Ground Zero) (1985), film Space Station
Near Future ("The day after tomorrow")
Military astronauts who become trapped in orbit when World War III breaks out.[394]
Rick Halman, Maj. (Commander)
Jeff Cooper, Capt. (Pilot)
Brett Hilton (Mission Specialist)
Nat Cramer (Project Specialist)
Frank Hardy (passenger)
Joe Hardy (passenger)
Chet Morton [Chester "Chet" Morton Jr.] (passenger)
The Hardy Boys
The Skyfire Puzzle (1985), novel
Space Shuttle
Contemporary (Summer)
The Hardys and their friend Chet Morton participate in shuttle mission linked to industrial espionage case.[395]
Alexis Gnutov Silent Warriors (1985), novel Soyuz

Salyut 27, "Lenin"
Near Future
Cosmonaut on a solo mission to a Salyut. Killed when the experimental laser weapon he is testing explodes on the first firing attempt.[396]
Gary (no last names given)
The Twilight Zone
Chameleon (1985), TV
Space Shuttle
NASA astronauts performing EVA when alien intelligence hitches ride on shuttle.
Digger Reed The Disney Sunday Movie
Hero in the Family (1986), TV
NASA Contemporary
Astronaut who switches minds with chimpanzee during spaceflight.[397]
Edward Jupp, Maj.
Larry Wahlquist
Newman, Col. (First name not given)
The Krone Experiment (1986), novel Space Shuttle Contemporary
Crew of a space shuttle on a military mission to capture a Soviet military satellite.[398]
Morrow (Commander)
Lois Joanne Lane (Journalist)
Unnamed astronaut[al]
The Man of Steel #1 (1986), comic book NASA:
Constitution (spaceplane)
Contemporary/Near Future
Superman's rescue of crashing spaceplane leads to his first meeting with Lois Lane in post-Crisis reality.[399]
Zach Bergstrom

Andie Bergstrom
SpaceCamp (1986), film Space Shuttle
Astronaut camp instructor Andie Bergstrom is accidentally launched into space with a bunch of teenagers.[400]
Jim Hollis, Cdr., USN (Commander)
Rachel "Rocky" Garvey, Lt. Col., USAF (Pilot)
The Wild Blue: The Novel of the U.S. Air Force (1986), novel Space Shuttle
Constitution (simulator)
Epilogue features astronauts on simulated space shuttle mission.[401]
Blacky Moran, Cmdr (USN), Cmdr
Susan York, Co-Pilot
Adrienne Cortez, MS (Brazil)
Georgi Mikoyan (USSR)
Unnamed Japanese astronaut
Unnamed Swedish astronaut
Unnamed New Zealander astronaut
Zoboa (1986), novel Space Shuttle

Space Station
Near Future
Islamic extremists try to use stolen nuclear weapons to destroy Cape Canaveral.[402]
Chuck Samson

Valley Forge
Joe Dover, Cmdr.
Bob Ortega, Maj.
Brian MacFay, Capt.
Unnamed Pilot

Kosmolyot II (1)
Andrian E. Bykovsky, Maj.

Kosmolyot II (2)
Vladimir M. Koidunov, Col.
Alpha Bug (1987), novel Space Shuttle
Valley Forge

Kosmolyot II
Near Future
When a Soviet military spaceplane gets into trouble in orbit the United States sends up a shuttle to investigate. The novel also contains reference to Salyut 9 and an aborted joint US/Soviet space project called Spacelab 5.[403]
Gordon McAfee Col,
Unnamed astronauts
Cthulhu Now
"The Killer Out of Space" (1987), role playing game
Space Shuttle
Contemporary/Near future [am]
While on a two-week mission Atlantis encounters something strange in space forcing an emergency landing in Kansas.[405]
Space Shuttle:
Peter Venkman, Dr.
Raymond "Ray" Stantz, Dr.
Egon Spengler, Dr.
Winston Zeddemore

Kirov, Capt.
Irahqua, Lt.
McTavish, Lt.
Sato, Lt.
Whitney, Yeoman
The Real Ghostbusters
Ain't NASA-sarily So (1987), TV
Space Shuttle
Experimental Space Platform Galileo
Contemporary/Near Future
The Ghostbusters investigate a haunted space station.[406]
Two other cosmonauts
Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987), film Soyuz
Cosmonauts rescued by Superman.
Wakeman, CDR
Unnamed American astronauts

Three unnamed cosmonauts
Winter Hawk (1987), novel Space Shuttle

Contemporary/Near Future
Atlantis is in orbit to rendezvous with a Soviet space shuttle, while the Kutuzov deploys a Soviet laser weapon to destroy Atlantis.[407]
Bob Campbell

Lawrence Joshua "Law" Kincaid, Col. (USN)
Unnamed astronauts
Long Time Coming (1988), novel Space Shuttle
Kincaid, who signed a peace treaty with Russia in space, discovers he has a teenage son.[408]
Smokey (Commander)
Bob (Pilot)
Chico (Mission Specialist)
Ann (Mission Specialist) (no last names given)
Mary Two Hawks [O'Sullivan] (Doctoral candidate) (Passenger to Friendship)
William "Billy" Wong (Canada) (Doctoral candidate) (Passenger to Friendship)
Wayne Morrison (Doctoral candidate) (Passenger to Friendship)

Stu Robinson (USAF) (Station Commander)
Beth "Dr. T." Tippett, Dr. (Lead life sciences)
Dave (Life sciences) (no last name given)
Barnaby "Barney"[an] Caldwell, Col. (Earth sciences)
Edie White, Ph.D. (Materials processing)
David "Dave" Bishop, Dr. (Astrophysics officer)
Sean Finnegan, Dr. (Manager of orbital medicine [MOM])
Mitsue (Japan)
Shoji (Japan)
Unnamed astronauts

Bobby Dalton
Barney Caldwell

Vladimir (no last name given)
Unnamed cosmonauts
Space Station Friendship: A Visit with the Crew in 2007 (1988), novel Space Shuttle

Space Station Friendship

Homer (Orbital transfer vehicle [OTV])

2007 (Autumn)[ao]

July 20, 2019
Two Hawks, Wong and Morrison are first doctoral candidates to visit space station as part of thesis work. Robinson is a three-time shuttle veteran. Dalton and Caldwell traveled up to GEO platform aboard OTV. Hermes and HOTOL are also operational in this era. Two Hawks later becomes first human to give birth on the Moon.[409]
Unnamed astronaut "Astronauts" (1989), short story Space Shuttle Late 1980s (September - Summer)
Astronaut speaks to high school assembly "in the wake of the Challenger disaster".[410][411]
Roger Houston (Commander)
Buzz Airfields (Pilot)
Joy Rider (Scientist)
Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers
"Out to Launch" (1989), TV
Spaceplane (Single-stage-to-orbit) Contemporary/Near Future
The Rescue Rangers must save an experimental spaceplane after a meteor strike.[412]
Lowell Crawford, Col. (Cmdr) (USAF)
Henry "Hank" Doherty, Lt Cmdr. (Pilot) (USN)
Alan Cresottie (PS)
Minh Tran, Dr. (PS), Ward Culdrew, Maj. (MS) (USMC)
Defcon One (1989), novel Space Shuttle
Contemporary/Near Future
Astronauts assigned to launch SDI satellites.[413]
Jason Grant, Col.
Ray Tanner
Moontrap (1989), film Apollo

Space Shuttle
Astronauts using remnant Apollo hardware for a trip to the Moon.
Conrad Williams III, Cmdr.
Joey Wells, Pilot (US)
George Evans (UK)
Aelita Zakharov
Vladimir Turnov (USSR)
Alex Vonberger (GDR)

Gerald Bingham, Cmdr
Brad Parker, Pilot
Russell Madlinger[ap]
Night Launch (1989), novel Space Shuttles:
c. 1990
A sleeper agent for a Neo-Nazi organization hijacks the space shuttle carrying out the first joint US/USSR space mission since the ASTP, forcing NASA to launch the untested replacement for Challenger on a desperate rescue mission.[414]
Tucker Wilson, Col. (USAF) (Commander)
Fred Hagen (USAF) (Pilot)
Conners, Capt. (USAF) (Mission Specialist)
Miller (USAF) (Mission Specialist)
Holmquist (USAF) (Payload Specialist) (First names not given for last three)
Phases of Gravity (1989), novel Space Shuttle November 1988
Classified shuttle mission carrying Department of Defense payload. Wilson is an Apollo, Skylab and Space Shuttle veteran.[326]
Space Shuttle
Five unnamed military astronauts

Soyuz 881
Nikolai Sitnikov
Three unnamed cosmonauts
Star Shot (1989), novel
(First published as Enemy Territory)
Space Shuttle

Soviet Space Shuttle?
Soyuz 881
The Soviet Union attempts to destroy, or if that fails, to steal an experimental SDI satellite.[415][416]
Mikhail Suslov
Dmitri Bulganin, Lt. Col.
Unnamed Co-pilot

Frank Mulchahey, Maj.
Julian Kapuscinski, Col.
Jerry Rodriquez, Dr.

Philip Heitmann, Lt. Col. (USMC)
Jack Townsend, Maj. (USAF)
Sandford Watkins, Maj. (US Army)

Vasili Lubinin
Sergi Yemitov

Leroy "Mad Dog" Monaghan, Cmdr. (USN)
Peter "Hot Rod" Lamborghini, Col.

Storming Intrepid (1989), novel Soviet Space Shuttle
Mikhail Suslov

Space Shuttles


The Soviet Union tries to hijack a space shuttle.[417][418]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Steven "Steve" Bishop (Commander)
James "Jim" Dobbins (Pilot)
Henry "Hank" Henshaw, Dr.
Terri Henshaw
DC Comics (1990– ) Space Shuttle
Excalibur is blasted by solar flare on reentry, beginning Hank Henshaw's transformation into Cyborg Superman.[419]
General Yogure Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Space Shuttle
Assists the turtles to prevent Krang and Shredder from heating up the Earth.[420]
Matt Gosling, Commander
Paul Balchin, Pilot
Stella Richards, Payload Manager
Torus (1990), novel Space Shuttle
Early 2000s
Crew of Space Shuttle on a mission to retrieve derelict satellites from geosynchronous orbit.[421]
(US) Hes Adams
(First names not provided for the last four US crew)
(UK) Michael Dreyfuss, Maj.
Westwind (1990), novel Space Shuttle
Contemporary/Near Future
Anglo-American crew of a routine shuttle mission that ends disastrously when the shuttle's systems fail on final approach.[422]
Chuck Conard, Maj.
Coates, Capt.
Byron, Col.
Gibbons, Col.
Unnamed Marine Colonel

Donald J. Pollock, Col.
Chuck Conard, Maj.
Hawkeye (1991), novel Space Shuttle

Nomad Spaceplane
Contemporary/Near Future
Spy satellites belonging to the major powers are destroyed by an unknown foe.[423][aq]
Tom Jenkins, Cmdr. (US),
Julia Magriffe, MS (Canada)
Di Lella, Dr. (Italy)
Detrich (Germany)
Two unnamed astronauts.

Sekigawa, Cmdr. (Japan)
Kroeger, MS, (Germany)
Unnamed crewman

Nomad (1):
Jefferson "Sonny" Cleary, Capt,
Frank Rowan

Nomad (2):
Frank Rowan,
Gates, Capt.

Nomad (3):
Jefferson "Sonny" Cleary, Capt.
James Henry Mackenzie, Maj.
Cobra (1991), novel Space Station

Space Shuttle (Japanese)

Nomad Spaceplane
Contemporary/Near Future[ar]
A multi-national conspiracy threatens Space Station Freedom and its crew in an attempt to gain control of space.[424]
Calvin Carlton, Col. Nurses
Moon over Miami (1992), TV
NASA Contemporary
Astronaut who visits Community Medical Center.[425]
Daniel Tighe, Cmdr.
Lorraine Renoir, Dr.
Freddie Aviles
Lance Muncie
Kurt Jaeckle
Carla Sue Gamble
Russell Cramer
Stanley (First names not given for the last two).
Also scientists and technicians from Japan, United Europe and the United States

N. J. Wiliamson, Cmdr.

Unnamed pilot and co-pilot
The Trikon Deception (1992), novel Space Station

Space Shuttle

Near Future

15 August 1998 – 7 December 1998
Personnel who work aboard and support the world's first commercial space-station.[426]
Natasha "Tasha" Teranova Wonder Woman (1992), comic books Russian/Israeli expedition Contemporary
Cosmonaut rescued by Wonder Woman.[427]
Youri Souzof, Lt. Le Cosmonaute oublié (1993), chapter book Mir 92 Contemporary/Near Future
After being stranded on space station for a year and a half, cosmonaut receives extraterrestrial visitor.[428]
Alex Seerey, Col.
John Quanty, Maj.
Hugh Lyghtson
Scott Dawkins
Joseph King
Celia Hereson
Lee Wynn
Judith Cianta

Two unnamed astronauts (Commander and Co-Pilot)
Ghost Beyond Earth (1993), novel Space Station

Space Shuttle
Contemporary/Near Future
Space station crew is attacked by a diabolical entity in orbit. The survivors are rescued by the space shuttle Lincoln.[429]
Peter Carter (US)
Barbara Stockton Urie, Dr. (Canada)
Four unnamed astronauts
Minus Time (1993), novel Space Shuttle
Space station
January 1989
Carter and Urie undertake long-duration mission aboard space station. Space Shuttle Victory is mentioned as having exploded.[430]
Steve Swain, Capt. (USAF)
Perry Housman, Col. (USAF)
The Hardy Boys Casefiles
Mission: Mayhem, A Taste for Terror (1994), novels
Space Shuttle Contemporary
Former astronauts instruct Frank and Joe Hardy's team at Space Academy in Huntsville, Alabama. Later, Housman invites the Hardys to explorers' conference in Tunisia.[431][432]
Buzz Aldrin
Homer Simpson
Race Banyon
The Simpsons
Deep Space Homer (1994), TV
Space Shuttle
Simpson is drafted as a NASA astronaut for publicity purposes.
David Kennedy High Flight (1995), novel Space Shuttle Contemporary
Former shuttle pilot who now heads a major aeronautics firm.[433]
James Monroe The Monroes (1995), TV Space Shuttle Contemporary
Former astronaut, member of powerful Kennedy-like family.
Phillips (Commander)
O'Brien (Pilot)
Lambert, Dr. (Mission Specialist)
Meyer (Payload Specialist)
(No first names given)
My Life as an Afterthought Astronaut (1995), chapter book Space Shuttle

Space Station One
Contemporary/Near Future
13-year-old Wally McDoogle accidentally stows away aboard shuttle on space station assembly mission.[434]
Sergei Orlov, Gen. Op Center: Mirror Image (1995), novel Soyuz Contemporary
Veteran cosmonaut (one of whose missions seems to have been based on Soyuz 33), assigned to command Russia's new Combined Operations Center located beneath the Hermitage Museum.[435]
Mark Fortunato
Unnamed astronauts
The Plant That Ate Dirty Socks Goes Up In Space (1995), chapter book Space Shuttle
Animate plant flies aboard shuttle on Spacelab mission.[436]
Rick Spencer
Pierre Renaud (Canada) (Payload Specialist)
Three unnamed astronauts

Tessa "Tess" McClain
Yoshiko Sugano (Japan) (Payload Specialist)
Four unnamed astronauts

Rick Spencer (CDR)
Yoshiko Sugano (CMP)
Tessa McClain (LMP)
Abandon in Place (1996), novella Space Shuttle


The Spirit of Hope (CSM)/Faith (LM)
Near Future (2000s)
Shortly after Neil Armstrong's death, ghostly Saturn Vs begin launching from Kennedy Space Center. Faith lands at edge of Aitken Basin. Expanded into novel in 2000.[437][438]
Henry J. "Bull" Eckert, Col. (Chief of the Astronaut Office)
Ezekiel "Zeke" Beaumont, Capt.
Barbara DeSantos, Lt. Cmdr.
Jack Riles, Maj.
Tamara St. James (Mission Specialist)
Reginald Warren, Maj.
The Cape (1996–7), TV Space Shuttle Contemporary
NASA career astronauts.[439]
Monte Beaman (Commander)
Victor Lutz (Pilot)
Shannon Thorpe (Mission Specialist)
RoxeAnn Karch (Payload Specialist)
Tod Cochran (Payload Specialist)
Elliot Andrew Schroeder (Junior Astronaut/Payload Specialist)
Countdown (1996), novel Space Shuttle
Endeavour (STS-97)
Contemporary/Near Future
14-year-old Elliot Schroeder flies aboard Endeavour on Mission to Planet Earth flight as NASA's first Junior Astronaut.[440]
Igor (no last names given)
Des majorettes dans l'espace (aka Majorettes in Space) (1996), short film Soyuz 27 Contemporary
Cosmonauts in space without condoms.[441]
Lori Kirsten (Commander)
Henry Janesh (Pilot)
Chris Terence, Dr. (Mission Specialist #1)
Dirk Rodriguez (Mission Specialist #2)
Sharon Goldman (Mission Specialist)
Harold Spearman (Mission Specialist)
J. T. Murphy (Mission Specialist)

Apollo II:
Lori Kirsten (Pilot)
Chris Terence

International Space Station:
Tatiana Haldin (Russia) (Commander)
Peter Mikhailovich Denisov (Russia) (Engineer)
François Raymond (France) (Mission Specialist)
Jiro Kawaguchi (Japan) (Mission Specialist)
Encounter with Tiber (1996), novel Space Shuttle

Apollo II
International Space Station

Shuttle carrying Habitation Module to the ISS experiences engine failure and crashes in Atlantic Ocean. Four years later, Kirsten and Terence arrive on ISS as Earth receives alien signal from Alpha Centauri.[as][442]
Adam Freis, Col.

NASA, Marc Franklin Dr., Cmdr.
Vic Green Lt. Col., Pilot
Arlan Burns, Maj.
Frank Purvis
FKA, Alexandra Koslovsky MS
(First names not given for the last two crew members)
Ignition (1996), novel Space Shuttle
As the Space Shuttle Atlantis prepares to lift off on a resupply mission to Mir, extortionists take over Cape Kennedy and threaten to blow up the shuttle and its crew on the launch pad unless a ransom is paid.[443][444]
Atkins, Lt. Cmdr.

Recovery One:
Russell, Maj. (CDR)
Mark Lowrey, Lt. Cdr. (PLT)
Mission Specialists 1 and 2 (unnamed)
Recovery (1996), TV
Space Shuttle
Atlantis (Recovery One)
Atkins is killed while training as pilot of shuttle mission to be launched from Vandenberg AFB. JAG investigators Harmon Rabb and Meg Austin try to determine who is responsible so that the shuttle can launch to place a spy satellite in its proper orbit.
S.R. Hadden Contact (1997), film Soyuz Contemporary
Billionaire industrialist's privately financed spaceflight to Mir.
John Churchill "Jack" Cooper, Ph.D. (Mission Specialist) Heatcrazed! (1997), novel Space Shuttle
Contemporary (August)
Former NASA astronaut who flew on three shuttle missions finds romance in Louisiana bayou.[445]
Jiang Ling, Lt. Titan (1997), novel Shenzhou Contemporary
First Chinese human spaceflight, Lei Feng 1, is launched in late 2004. The solo astronaut is a young female PLAAF officer. The craft and flight profile are remarkably similar to the Shenzhou missions flown several years after the novel was published.
Abel "Ab" (USAF) (no last name given) The Astronaut's Tale (1998), opera Space Shuttle November 1954 – Contemporary
Astronaut who dies in space shuttle explosion.[446]
David (Commander)
Barbie [Barbara Millicent Roberts] (Pilot)
Dan (Mission Specialist)
Robin (Mission Specialist)
Kira (Mission Specialist) (no last names given)
Barbie: Shooting for the Stars (1998), chapter book Space Shuttle Contemporary
Mission to repair Mitchell Telescope (apparently similar to Hubble Space Telescope). Cf. Astronauts in other media below.[447]
Pete Miller, Cmdr.
Jeremy Sanchez, Pilot
Dave Cameron, Payload Specialist (PS)
Dennis Franks, Mission Specialist (MS)
Bright Star (1998), novel Space Shuttle
Astronauts on a mission to launch a prototype SDI weapon.[448]
Unnamed cosmonaut Ich Dreh Mich Um Dich (1998), music video Soyuz
Washed-up cosmonaut who flew to Mir.[449]
Chad Connors
Rick Delahunt (USN) (Commander, STS-97)
Clint Hurley (Acting Chief Astronaut)
Melinda Pruett
Jerome "Jerry" Rager, Lt. Col. (US Army)
Arnaldo Rivera (CAPCOM)
Jinx Seamans (Deputy Chief of Astronaut Office)
Sarah Wall

Jackson Willet (Commander)
Joseph "Joe" Buerhle, Col. (USAF) (Pilot) (also Commander, STS-90, Discovery)
Kelly Gessner (Mission Specialist) (also MS, STS-93)
Christy Nasvik
Carlos Rivera

Ronald "Ron" Kubiak, Capt. (USN) (Commander)
Sandra Rhodes, Maj. (USAF) (Pilot)
Dolores McCoy (Mission Specialist)
Brian Monteleone, Cmdr. (USN) (Mission Specialist)
Norman Sakmar, Col. (USAF) (Mission Specialist)

Joseph (Commander)
Mecom (Pilot)
Teague (Mission Specialist 1)
Holly (Mission Specialist 2)
Whitefield (Mission Specialist 3) (no first names given)

1998 NASA Astronaut Group, "The Worms":
Jeffrey Betts, Cmdr. (USN)
Jason Borders, Lt. Cmdr. (USN)
Anton Craig, Maj. (USAF)
Karl Dennet, Capt. (USAF)
Gunter Diemer
John Essington
Vardon Hall
Diana Herron, Capt. (USAF)
Melanie Juin (ESA)
Viktor Kondratko, Lt. Col. (Russian Air Force/RSA)
Mark Koskinen
Thomas Moad, Cmdr. (USN)
Ray Murdaugh, Capt. (USMC)
Miguel Raquena
Daniel Raybourne, Maj. (USAF)
Geraldine Reed
Donald Schuetz, Lt. Cmdr. (USN)
Wayne Shelton
Gregory "Greg" Yakubik, Capt. (US Army) (CAPCOM, STS-100)

Steven "Steve" Goslin, Lt. Col. (USMC) (Commander) (also Pilot, STS-79 and STS-90)
Jeffrey "Jeff" Dieckhaus, Cmdr. (USN) (Pilot) (also STS-92)
David "Dave" Freeh, Ph.D., Maj. (USAF) (Mission Specialist)
Kelly Gessner (Mission Specialist)
Donal "Don" O'Riordan (ESA) (Mission Specialist)
Mark Koskinen (Mission Specialist 4)
Viktor Kondratko (Mission Specialist 5)

Russian Space Agency:
Nikolai Dolgov (Commander)
Nikolai Kazantsev (Flight Engineer)
Gary McMinn (NASA) (returns on STS-95)

Soyuz TM-28/Mir-30:
Alexander Alexeyevich "Sasha-1" Shabarov, Lt. Col. (Russian Air Force) (Commander)
Alexander V. "Sasha-2" Dergunov (Flight Engineer)
Calvin "Cal" Stipe, Ph.D. (NASA)

Yuri Petrenko (Commander)
Vladimir "Volodya" Belokonev (Flight Engineer)
Cal Stipe
Missing Man (1998), novel NASA

Space Shuttle:
STS-95 (Atlantis)
STS-96 (Columbia)
STS-100 (Atlantis)

Russian Space Agency

Soyuz TM-28/Mir-30
October 14, 1998 – October 1999
After surviving T-38 crash that kills Chief Astronaut Buerhle, a four-time Shuttle veteran, ASCAN Koskinen must fight to save his career. Stipe is only astronaut to have flown aboard all five Shuttles.[450]
Alex Streck, Capt. (Commander)
Spencer J. "Spence" Armacost, Cmdr.
Shelly Carter
Pat Elliott
Tom Sullivan
Stan (Mission Specialist) (no last name given)
The Astronaut's Wife (1999), film/novel Space Shuttle
NASA astronauts narrowly escape death after an explosion during an EVA. Streck dies from a massive stroke shortly after returning to earth. Armacost seems to be in good health, but he suffers a mysterious and sinister personality change after the mission.[451]
Casimir, Dr. (no last names given)
The cosmonaut's last message to the woman he once loved in the former Soviet Union (1999), play Soviet Union:
Harmony 114 (Special Orbital Craft)
"Recently" (Summer)
Cosmonauts on secret mission to explore human limits, forgotten in orbit for twelve years after fall of USSR.[452]
John Crichton Farscape (1999–2004), TV Space Shuttle

Farscape One
Contemporary/Near Future
International Aeronautics and Space Administration (IASA) astronaut lost in space. His father was former astronaut Jack Crichton.
Gordon "Gordie"[at] Obie (Director of Flight Crew Operations)
Hank Millar (Chief of the Astronaut Office)
Jack McCallum, M.D.

Vance (Commander)
DeWitt (Pilot)
Emma Watson, M.D. (Mission Specialist) (originally assigned to STS-162)
Three unnamed astronauts

International Space Station:
Michael "Mike" Griggs (Commander)
Nicolai Rudenko (Russia)
Luther Ames (NASA)
Diana Estes, Dr. (UK) (ESA)
William "Bill" Haning, Dr. (NASA)
Kenichi Hirai (NASDA)
Emma Watson, M.D. (relieves Haning)

STS-161 (crew originally assigned to STS-162):
Bob Kittredge (USN) (Commander)
Jill Hewitt (USN) (Pilot)
Andy Mercer (Mission Specialist)
O'Leary (Medical Officer)

Apogee II:
Sullivan "Sully" Obie
Gravity (1999), novel NASA

Space Shuttle:
STS-160 (Atlantis)
STS-161 (Discovery)
STS-162 (Endeavour)

International Space Station
Crew Return Vehicle

Apogee Engineering:
Apogee II (Single-stage-to-orbit)
Near Future (July 7 – August 27, January)
Mysterious contagion spreads aboard ISS. Watson previously flew on Atlantis on STS-141; Estes flew on Atlantis on a transoceanic abort flight. Ames flew on Columbia as a mission specialist. Kittredge is a three-time Shuttle veteran; Gordon Obie was a two-time Shuttle commander. McCallum was removed from crew of STS-145 due to a kidney stone.[453]
Yuri Puskin (Russia) (Commander)
Rene (France) (Co-Captain) (no last name given)

Konrad (USA) (Astrophysicist/Pilot)
Max "Mad Max" (USA) (Guest Cosmonaut) (no last names given)
In the Dead of Space (a.k.a. Space Fury) (1999), film Russian Space Agency:
Space Station

Reserve shuttle
Near Future
American astrophysicist Konrad and pro golfer Max join crew of space station, but one of the four people aboard is a murderer.
Jim Rowland, Col. (Commander)
Lee Everett (Pilot)
Gail Scott (Payload Specialist)
Sharon Ling (Mission Specialist)
Three unnamed astronauts
Shadow Watch (1999), novel Space Shuttle
Near Future

April 15 – 30, 2001
Crew of Space Shuttle Orion. Col. Rowland is killed when sabotage causes the shuttle to catch fire on the launch pad.[454]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Linda Gardner[au]
Unnamed commander
Unnamed pilot
Unnamed doctor
Four other astronauts
Astronaut: Living in Space (2000), picture book Space Shuttle
On her fourth spaceflight, Linda repairs space telescope.[455]
Diego Irigayen DC Comics (2000– ) S.T.A.R. Labs Contemporary
Astronaut whose mother's murder leads him to become the superhero Imán.[456]
Vladimir Kinotskin (Commander)
Tsimion Borisovich Vladovka[av]
Tufts (USA) (no first name given)
Rodya Baklunov (relieves Tufts)

Relief crew:
Misha Sorokin
Ivan Pkhalaze
Bobchek (no first/last name given)
Fall of a Cosmonaut (2000), novel Mir
Space Shuttle
One year after Vladovka returns from Mir, Chief Inspector Porfiry Petrovich Rostnikov investigates his disappearance.[457]
International Space Station:
John Radkowski (USAF) (Commander)
Tanisha Yvonne "Tana" Jackson, M.D./Ph.D. (Medical officer/biologist)
Ryan Martin (Canada) (Systems engineer)
Britta Silverthorne
Jasmine (no last names given for last two)
Unnamed station physician
Unnamed personnel

Two unnamed cosmonauts
Mars Crossing (2000), novel NASA:
Space Shuttle
International Space Station
CRV-1 (Crew return vehicle)

Mirusha ("Little Mir") (Space station)
Crew members overlapping on ISS missions. Radkowski attempts rescue of Mirusha crew using CRV.[458]
Rescue Heroes Space Station:
Warren Waters (Commander)
Roger Houston
Four unnamed astronauts

Rescue Heroes:
Billy Blazes
Wendy Waters
Ariel Flyer

European Space Station:
Wellington, Maj.
Unnamed lieutenant

Space shuttle:
Two unnamed astronauts
Rescue Heroes
Tidal Wave (2000), Meteor (2001), TV

Rescue Heroes
Why We Became Rescue Heroes: The Teammates Tell Their Exciting Stories (2002), picture book
Rescue Heroes Space Station (a.k.a. Space Command Center)
European Space Station
Space shuttle
Contemporary/Near Future
Interdisciplinary team of rescue specialists assists during meteor showers.[459]
Ted Blackstone
Pete Slendwick, Col.
Victor Carlson

Fred Gernsback (Citizen Observer/Journalist)
David Calderon (Citizen Observer)

Billy Kingston (Commander)
Wes Packard (Pilot)
Damian "Damy" Agustino (Military Payload Specialist)
Lorena Charette, Maj. (M.D.) (USAF)
Marc Akira Clement, Dr. (Astronomy Mission Specialist)
Josh Pritkin (Electronics Mission Specialist)
Michael Tyree "MJ" James (Citizen Observer)

International Space Station:
Carl Tanaka, Maj. (Commander)
Doris McIntyre (Medical/Biological Mission Specialist)
Stephen Tebworthy (UK) (Microgravity welding specialist)

Scott Blackstone (USAF) (Pilot)
Nick Blackstone (Flight Engineer)
Ed "Eddie" Killeret (Engineer)
The Return (2000), novel American Space Universal (ASU)/ShareSpace:
Space Shuttle

International Space Station

Republic Wright (RW):
StarRescue (Lifting body)
c. 2003 (October–November, June)
Basketball superstar James is killed in apparent accident aboard Columbia; Pakistan detonates "proton bomb" in space, necessitating rescue of ISS crew. Scott Blackstone is a former NASA astronaut who flew three shuttle missions. Ted Blackstone was Nick and Scott Blackstone's uncle, killed in T-38 crash shortly after becoming astronaut.[460]
Frank Corvin (USAF)
William "Hawk" Hawkins, Col.
Jerry O'Neill
"Tank" Sullivan
Ethan Glance
Roger Hines
Space Cowboys (2000), film Space Shuttle
Autumn 1999
NASA astronauts on a satellite salvage mission.[461][462]
Christopher "Chief" Hart, Col. The Switch (2000), novel Space Shuttle Contemporary
Career astronaut accused of murder.[463]
Gordon Brunswick (Commander)
Sarah Drummond-Fournier, Ph.D (Payload Specialist)
Four unnamed astronauts
All Families are Psychotic (2001), novel Space Shuttle
Grown-up thalidomide baby Sarah plans to have sex in orbit with Commander Brunswick.[464]
International Space Station:
Unnamed commander (US)
Sergei Viktor "Serg" Dudayev (Russia) (Mission Specialist)
Unnamed mission specialist (US/UNSC)
Unnamed British astronaut
Unnamed Japanese astronaut

Diane Williams, Col. (USMC) (Commander)
Gary McGregor, Capt. (USAF) (Pilot)
Frank Ward, Col. (US Army/UNSC) (Space Marine)
Three unnamed Space Marines (UNSC)

Jake Cohen (CAPCOM)
Unnamed astronaut (PROP)
Flight of Endeavour (2001), novella International Space Station

Space Shuttle
Astronaut Maneuvering Vehicle (AMV)
Near Future
When Chechen sympathizer Dudayev seizes control of ISS weapons systems, three-time space shuttle veteran Williams commands mission to retake control of ISS.[465]
Clarence "Biff" Barnes, Capt./Maj. (USAF) (Mission Commander)
Jim Scarelli (Pilot)
Steve Skeldon, Capt. (USMC) (Navigator/Copilot)
Andre Baker, Capt. (US Army) (Weapons Officer)
Ray McConnell (Flight Engineer)
Sue Tillman, Lt.[aw] (Sensor Officer)
Lash-Up (2001), novella U.S. Space Force:
Defender (modified VentureStar) (single-stage-to-orbit spaceplane)
September 16 – December 2, 2010
China destroys GPS satellites using space gun, impairing American military effectiveness. U.S. establishes Space Force and launches Defender to protect satellites. Barnes is a former NASA astronaut who flew one previous mission. Expanded into novel in 2015 (q.v.).[466]
Grace Street, Dr. Gloria Rising (2002), chapter book Space Shuttle
International Space Station
Fourth-grader Gloria Jones meets Dr. Street in a supermarket checkout line.[467]
Tom Banks
Patrick (no last name given)

Corrine Anne Atkinson (Commander)
Mikhail "Mike" Wright (USAF) (Pilot)
Jimmy Westmoreland (Mission Specialist-One)
Frank Smothers (Mission Specialist-Two)
Stephen Philips (Payload Specialist)
Her Perfect Stranger (2002), novel Space Shuttle

International Space Station
After one-night stand as strangers, Atkinson and Wright learn they are teamed on next shuttle mission. Atkinson is a four-time shuttle pilot; Wright has two previous spaceflights.[468]
Ralphy Bird[ax]
Chip Hornbeck
Waldo Weeks
Kidnapped at the Capital (2002), chapter book International Space Station Contemporary
Astronauts fired by NASA who plot to take over International Space Station.[469]
Julie Foley Men with Brooms (2002), film Contemporary
Astronaut for the American Space Agency (ASA).[470]
Chuck Taggart
Kurt Mendel
Neil Taggart
Sarah Forbes
Angela Perry
Odyssey 5 (2002), TV Space Shuttle
August 7, 2007,
time travel to 2002
Crew sent back in time five years by a being called the Seeker to attempt to prevent the destruction of Earth.[ay]
Joe (Commander) (USA) (no last name given)
Ciba Weber, Dr. (USA)
Vladimir "Vlad" (Russia) (no last name given)
Y: The Last Man (2002-2008), comic book series International Space Station
c. 2002 – 2006
Crew aboard ISS when mysterious plague kills nearly all male mammals on Earth.[471][472][473][474]
Robert "Bob" Iverson, Cmdr.
Rebecca "Beck" Childs, Maj.
Timmins (Flight Engineer)
The Core (2003), film Space Shuttle
Endeavour (STS-114 (?) / Spacelab)
Shuttle crew who make an emergency landing on Sepulveda Dam spillway.[475]
Michelle Robeson, Dr.

John Cost, Capt. (Commander/Pilot)
Muswell (no first name given)
Five unnamed astronauts
Orbiter (2003), graphic novel Space Shuttle
Venture (STS-118)
Near Future
Venture disappears from Earth orbit, causing NASA to abandon human spaceflight. Ten years later Venture mysteriously reappears, technologically altered and with only Cost aboard. Robeson flew on final flight of shuttle Endeavor (sic); Cost previously flew on STS-109.[476]
Unnamed astronaut candidates

Unnamed American astronauts

Unnamed astronauts

Lawton, Col. (Station Commander) (no first name given)
Heather Charney, Lt.
Unnamed cosmonauts and taikonauts
The Orion Protocol (2003), novel Space Shuttle

Space Shuttle
Endeavor (sic)

International Space Station Alpha
Near Future[az] (January 27 – February 21)
Testing and deployment missions for space weapons system known as Project Orion.[341]
Jeff Hale, Cmdr. (USAF)
Scotty (no last name given)
Riverworld (2003), TV movie Space Shuttle
When meteors strike Frontier during reentry, Hale finds himself in the bizarre afterlife known as Riverworld.[477]
Marina Potaski Воры и проститутки (Vory i prostitutki) (2003), Russian film Soyuz TM 1999
TV reporter Marina Potaski travels to Mir to persuade a cosmonaut to return to Earth when he is unwilling to abandon the space station.
Robert Parker (NASA)
Yuri Andropov (FKA)
Hideki Kawahara (JAXA)
The Day After Tomorrow (2004), film/novel International Space Station 2007
ISS crew observes Earth entering an Ice Age.[478]
Rick Monroe
Brian Poole
"Falling Star" (2004), short story International Space Station 2050s (July)
Decades after computer virus devastates human civilization, Monroe reminisces about being one of the last astronauts aboard ISS.[479]
Rose Siciliano, CMDR (USN) Force Projection (2004), novel Space Shuttle August 1999
US Navy pilot, who has just completed the NASA training program and finds herself under threat of assassination following a terrorist attack in Kenya.[480]
Musa Khiromanovich Ivanov, Cmdr. (FKA)
Anatole Konstantinovich Krivalapov, Flight Engineer (FKA)
Sable Jones (NASA)
Time's Eye (2004), novel Soyuz-TMA 2037
Personnel returning from the International Space Station pass through a temporal discontinuity shortly after undocking.[481]
Jonas Venture, Dr.

Thaddeus S. "Rusty" Venture, Dr.
Dean Venture
Henry Allen "Hank" Venture
Brock Samson
Anna Baldavich, Lt.
Bud Manstrong, Col.
The Venture Bros.
Careers in Science (2004), TV
Gargantua-1 (Space station)
Shuttle 2
1971 / Contemporary
Decades after Jonas Venture builds space station, his son and teenage grandsons are called in when a malfunction occurs.
Ron Scott (Flight Commander)
Kathleen[ba] "Kate" Daniels, Ph.D. (Copilot)
Al Murphy
Robert "Bob" Paxton (Mission Specialist)
Terri Schmidt (Mission Specialist)
Leo Smith
The Korean Intercept (2005), novel Space Shuttle
Liberty (Shuttle Flight 72-L)
Near Future (November)
Shuttle crash-lands near North Korean/Chinese border.[482]
Lei Dongjin, Lt. Col.
Lin Xi, Maj.
Shenzhou (spacecraft) (2005), Chinese TV Shenzhou 2003
30-part TV dramatisation about the events leading up to China's first manned spaceflight, Shenzhou V, in 2003. Two PLAAF pilots, a man and a woman, are the leading contenders to become the first Chinese nationals to be sent into space.[483][484]
Unnamed pilot "Toy Planes" (2005), short story Unknown (Caribbean island nation):
Near Future
Caribbean island nation launches spaceplane using balloon platform.[485]
International Space Station:
Robert Iverson (NASA)
Harlan Scott (NASA)
Sergei Veronkova (Russian Space Agency)

Unnamed CAPCOM
The West Wing
Things Fall Apart, 2162 Votes (2005), TV
International Space Station

Air Force Space Command:
Military Space Shuttle
Astronauts endangered by ISS oxygen leak could potentially be saved by secret military space shuttle. Dr. David Ziegler, the deceased brother of White House Communications Director Toby Ziegler, was formerly a NASA mission specialist.
"Shorty" Boudreau (Chief of the Astronaut Office)
Cyndi Ludlow
Sam Warden (Mission Specialist)

Brian Kincheloe
Two unnamed Russian cosmonauts

Bill Kokernot (Commander)
Elise Trube (Pilot)
Brian Kincheloe (Mission Specialist)
Lori Primus (Mission Specialist)

Terry "Surly" Bonds (Commander)
Tom "Tom Terrific" Terassky (Pilot)
Lucy Thorne Kincheloe, Ph.D. (Mission Specialist 1)
Buddy Santos (Mission Specialist 2/Flight Engineer)
Chuck Nethercott (Mission Specialist 3)
Patti Halapeska (Mission Specialist 4)
Challenger Park (2006), novel Mir

Space Shuttle:
STS-106 (Atlantis)
STS-108 (Endeavour)
International Space Station
c. 1998

c. 2002 (from February)
Four years after her husband's troubled mission to Mir, Lucy Kincheloe balances professional and personal responsibilities. Boudreau is a veteran of early shuttle missions in the 1980s. Bonds flew five previous shuttle missions.[486]
Two unnamed astronauts Curious George
Curious George's Rocket Ride (2006), TV

Curious George Discovers Space (2015), picture book[bb]
International Space Station Contemporary
Curious George brings supplies to astronauts on ISS.[487]
Steven "Steve" Wagner
Three unnamed astronauts
Mr. Monk and the Astronaut (2006), TV
Altman Aerodynamics:
Rocket plane Epsilon
November 2010
Space shuttle veteran Wagner finds a way to kill his ex-lover from orbit.
Johannes Igby, Prof. (Payload Specialist)
Lawrence "Larry" Fleinhardt, Ph.D. (Prof.) (Alternate Payload Specialist)

Discovery (return flight):
Unnamed commander and pilot
Larry Fleinhardt (Mission Specialist)
Mitchell (Mission Specialist)
Bradley (Payload Specialist)
Garcia-Romero (Payload Specialist)
Sullivan (Payload Specialist) (no first names given for last four)
Brutus, Killer Chat, The Art of Reckoning (2006-2007), TV
Space Shuttle

International Space Station
When Igby is forced to pull out of mission, Fleinhardt spends four months and 12 days aboard ISS.
George Andrews (ASA chief astronaut)

Bill Campbell (Pilot/Astronaut)
Kip Dawson (Passenger)

Sergei Mikhailovich Petrov
Mikhail Rychov
Orbit (2006), novel American Space Adventures (ASA):
Intrepid (Air-launched spacecraft)

May 16 – 21, 2009
Contest winner Dawson is stranded in low Earth orbit after micrometeor impact kills Campbell. Andrews is a former NASA astronaut.[488]
Denise Washington The Space Mission Adventure (2006), chapter book Space Shuttle (STS-116)
International Space Station
Astronaut (apparently based on Joan Higginbotham) scheduled for mission the following year speaks to Space Camp students.[489]
Unnamed commander
Unnamed pilot
Unnamed engineer[bc]
Unnamed specialist[bd]
Superman Returns (2006), film USAF/Virgin Galactic:
Genesis (VRSC 1) (air launch to orbit shuttle)
Contemporary/Near Future
Air launch from USAF Boeing 777 goes wrong due to mysterious power outage.[490]
Charles "Charlie" Farmer

Doug Masterson, Col. (USAF)
The Astronaut Farmer (2007), film Mercury
The Dreamer
Ex-USAF pilot with degree in aerospace engineering builds his own Mercury capsule and Atlas launch vehicle for a self-funded flight in Earth orbit. Masterson is a friend of Farmer and a shuttle astronaut.[491]
Calvin "Cal" Howard, Col.
James Adams, Cmdr.
Bob Reid, Col.
Spaceman in a Crater (2007), TV
Space Shuttle
International Space Station

National Space Agency

Space Travel Coalition (STC)
Howard's dead body is found in crater in the desert.[492]
Steve Wilcox, Capt. (Commander)
Stan (Co-pilot)
The Dead Zone
Re-Entry (2007), TV
Go Space Corporation:
America's Hope (spaceplane)
Crew of corporation's first orbiter is endangered by meteor strikes.[493]
Luke Nelson, Cmdr.
Jessica "Jess" Hart, Lt. (Pilot)
Sandra "Sandy" Delgado, Lt.
Craig Hurley, Maj. (USAF)
Mike Dolan
Law & Order: Criminal Intent
Rocket Man (2007), TV
National Space Agency (NSA):
Space Shuttle
One month before she is scheduled to become youngest astronaut in space, shuttle pilot Hart is murdered in hotel room. Nelson and Delgado previously flew two missions together. Story partly inspired by Lisa Nowak case.[494]
Unnamed cosmonaut (Latvia?) Men in Space (2007), novel Soyuz? December 15, 1992 – Spring 1993
Cosmonaut stranded in orbit due to collapse of Soviet Union.[495]
Ruth Goldman, Dr
Bill Wallace
Derek Mills

Nikola Ulinov, Cmdr.
Plague Year: A Novel (2007), novel International Space Station

Space Shuttle
Near Future
Astronauts trapped in orbit when a nanotech plague renders large parts of the Earth's surface uninhabitable.[496]
Yukari Morita, Cmdr.
Matsuri Morita, Backup Cmdr.
Akane Miura, Specialist
Rocket Girls (2007), anime (based on the 1995 light novel of the same name) Spacecraft Tanpopo, Coconut and Mangosteen 2007
Teenage pilots of the fictional Solomon Space Agency (SSA), trained to perform orbital repairs on satellites, who later assist the Space Shuttle Atlantis in launching the unmanned Orpheus probe to Pluto.
Benjamin "Tuck" Tucker, Jr., Cmdr. (USN) (Commander)
Jessica "Jess" Ault (Pilot)
Jared Finn (Canadian Space Agency) (Mission Specialist)
Jodie Law (Mission Specialist)
Russ Deaver (Senior Payload Specialist)
Vincent "Vinny" Pistacchia, Jr.

Rick "Raygun" Van Duren (USN) (CAPCOM)

Benjamin Tucker, Jr. (Commander)
Lance Campbell (Pilot)
Daki Abe
Theodore "Theo" Burke, Ph.D. (United States Secretary of State)
James Donnelly (Journalist)
Ginny Lin
Zero-G (2007), novel NASA:
Space Shuttle

SpaceVentures, Inc.:
Legacy (Air-launched spaceplane)
Tucker is sole survivor of Atlantis mission when his crewmates are poisoned by adulterated SAS patches. Eighteen months later, Tucker commands first commercial suborbital spaceflight with passengers. Campbell is a former NASA astronaut.[497]
Four unnamed astronauts Astronaut Handbook (2008), picture book Space Shuttle Contemporary
Bug-eyed young astronauts train for spaceflight.[498]
Daan Sapp (ESA)
Unnamed astronauts (China, ESA, JAXA, RKA)
Batman and the Outsiders
The Snare (2008), graphic novel
ESA space shuttle
International Space Station
Astronauts possessed by aliens in order to build particle weapon in lunar orbit. Dutch astronaut Sapp dies under hypnosis by Looker.[499]
Kanemoto Akira

Takahara Kohei
The Clone Returns Home (aka The Clone Returns to the Homeland) (2008), film Space Development Society (ASDA) (Japan):
Space Station
Near Future
After Kanemoto dies in a space station EVA accident, Takahara agrees to take part in a human cloning experiment, allowing him to be regenerated after he also dies during an EVA.[500]
Richard "Dick" Finley, Col. (USMC)

Marga Jannsen (ESA)
Lance Corliss (Payload Specialist)
Law & Order: Special Victims Unit
Lunacy (2008), TV
International Space Station

Space Shuttle
October 19 – 21, 2008
Murdered Belgian astronaut Jannsen is found floating in river. Finley is an X-15, Apollo, Skylab, Approach and Landing Tests and Shuttle veteran.[501]
Two unnamed astronauts NASA Launch Gone Wrong (2008), web video NASA:
Space Shuttle?
Astronauts argue about whether they need to bring their own lunch on spaceflight.[502]
Emerson (Commander)
Pritchard, Lt. (no first names given)
Onion News Network
Astronauts Suffer Agonizing, High-Pitched Death After Helium Leak (2008), web video
International Space Station
Astronauts killed by bizarre malfunction aboard ISS.[503]
Robert Barrett (Mission Specialist/Protective Protocol Engineer)
Dan (no last names given for last two)
Onion News Network
Astronaut Suspects NASA Using Him To Test Space's Effects On Fat People (2008), web video
International Space Station
Conversation between Barrett and ground control.[504]
Shenzhou 6:
Xue Zhinuan
Tong Shun
Sun Bai
Jiang Chin

Unnamed mission:
Zhang Tong
Onion News Network
China Launches First Willing Manned Mission Into Space (2008), web video
China National Space Administration:
Shenzhou 6
Unnamed mission

Zhang becomes first voluntary taikonaut in Chinese space program previously used to get rid of political prisoners.[505]
Travis O'Brien Onion News Network
NASA Simulator Prepares Astronauts For Rigors Of An Interview With Larry King (2008), web video
NASA Contemporary
ONN reporter tries out NASA's Larry King interview simulator. Astronaut O'Brien recently returned from 18-month space mission.[506]
Rick "Killer Whale" Robertson (Commander)
Bill "Wolverine" White (Pilot)
Laurel "Condor" Freeman (Payload Commander)
Kenai "Nanook" Munro, Ph.D. (Payload Specialist)
Mike "Alligator" Williams, Ph.D. (Mission Specialist)
Sheik Jilal al-Hussein (Spaceflight participant)
Prepared for Rage (2008), novel Space Shuttle
November 2006 – July 2008
Islamic terrorists attempt to shoot down shuttle Endeavour and its "Carnivore Crew".[507]
Patrick Shane McLanahan, Lt. Gen. (USAF)
Hunter "Boomer" Noble, Capt. (USAF) (XR-A9 spacecraft commander)
Lisette "Frenchy" Moulain, Lt. Cmdr. (USN) (XR-A9 spacecraft commander)
Jim Terranova, Maj. (USMC) (XR-A9 mission commander)
Wayne "Whack" Macomber, Maj. (USAF)
Chris Wohl, MSgt. (USMC)
Charlie Turlock, Capt. (Army National Guard)
Valerie "Seeker" Lukas, MSgt. (USAF) (Armstrong Space Station sensor operator)
Ann Page, Ph.D. (Skybolt free-electron laser designer/operator)
Unnamed Armstrong Space Station personnel
Shadow Command (2008), novel Armstrong Space Station (aka "Silver Tower")
XR-A9 Black Stallion spaceplane (Single-stage-to-orbit)
February 2009
Space warfare personnel during international crisis involving Russia and Iran. Moulain is a former NASA space shuttle pilot and commander. Armstrong Station introduced in Silver Tower (1988).[508]
Dustin "Dusty" Chambers, Lt.
Vince "Winger" Patrecchio
Randy "Screwball" (No last name given)
Mitch "Brooklyn" (No last name given)

Guardian Rescue Mission:
Lincoln "Lightning" Ripley, Lt. Col. (USAF) (Commander)
Shelly London (Co-Pilot)
Paul "Gunner" (Mission Specialist) (No last name given)
Cosmic Rendezvous (2009), novel NASA
Guardian Rescue Mission (GRM):
Draco (air launch to orbit spacecraft)
Space Shuttle veteran Ripley romances spacecraft designer London while training for secret military mission.[509]
Sokolov (Flight Engineer) Cosmonaut (2009), short film Soyuz-TMA September 16, 2008
Cosmonaut removed from ISS crew and launched on secret mission.[510]
Unnamed astronaut Land of the Lost (2009), film Unknown Contemporary
Reentering astronaut finds himself in parallel dimension.
William "Bull" Ellis (USN)
Mick Breem
Re-Entry (2009), TV
Space Shuttle 2009
Three-time Shuttle pilot Ellis, who was planning to pay $35 million for flight on Russian spacecraft, is shot to death while flying a small plane.[511]
Madison (Commander) (no first name given)
Miranda Bach, Capt. (Payload Commander)
Unnamed astronauts
Lost Tapes
Alien (2009), TV
Space Shuttle
Mission T-258
Spring 2008
Bach is infected by alien spores from comet dust during EVA, causing alien creature to grow inside her.
Seven unnamed astronauts
The Right Stuff (2009), novel Space Shuttle

International Space Station
Contemporary (Late April)
Shuttle crew makes transoceanic abort landing at Morón Air Base in Spain.[512]
Astronaut Mike Dexter 30 Rock
Dealbreakers Talk Show#0001, Don Geiss, America and Hope, Emanuelle Goes to Dinosaur Land (2009-2010), TV
N/A Contemporary
Imaginary boyfriend of Liz Lemon.


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Keith Palmer (Founder/CEO)
Beau Lendell (Pilot)
Dominic Cross (Passenger)
Sam Gardner (Passenger)
CSI: Miami
Miami, We Have a Problem (2010), TV
Prime Mover Aerospace:
Gardner is murdered aboard commercial spacecraft in low Earth orbit and his body dumped from helicopter.[513]
International Space Station:

Space Eagle:
Oleg Olesky (Captain)
Tyler Kirkpatrick (Co-Pilot)
Vladimir Fedorov
Delia Chase (Passenger)
Huxley, We Have a Problem (2011), TV
International Space Station

Chase Galactic:
Space Eagle
ISS veteran Olesky, slated to captain first commercial space carrier, is accused of murder. Kirkpatrick is a former NASA astronaut.[514]
Shenzhou 10:
Chaoyang Xie, Lt. Col.
Wu Changfeng, Maj.
Xue Yimeng, Lt.

Shenzhou 11:
Zhang Tiancong, Col.
Wang Guan San, Lt. Col.
Zhou Xiaosu, Lt.
《飞天》 (2011) (English title Flying), Chinese film Shenzhou program 2008–2014
Chinese dramatization of a series of the manned spaceflights, following the "real" Shenzhou 7, to China's space station. Col. Zhang is a veteran taikonaut, passed over for the earlier manned missions, while Lieutenants Xue and Zhou are female fighter pilots, competing for the honor of being the first Chinese woman to be launched into space.
Eric Johnson (USN) Launch (2011), short film NASA Contemporary
Pilot selected for NASA Astronaut Group 21 learns his wife has cancer.[515]
Makarand "Mac" Joshi (India)
Five unnamed astronauts
Nothingness (2011), short film NASA:
Ralford 11 (space probe)
November 11, 2011
Astronauts on mission to learn what happens after death.[516]
Jeff Clark, Maj.
Colin "Mac" MacAffie

Deacon "Deke" Stockard, Cmdr. (USN) (Commander)
Kurt Muir, Capt. (Pilot)
Janine Harmon, Dr. (Heart surgeon)
Two unnamed mission specialists

International Space Station:
Micah Petrenko (Russia)
Space in His Heart (2011), novel Space Shuttle

International Space Station
November 1999 – January 2000

July 8–21, 2011
Stockard is promoted as a sex symbol to enhance NASA's image.[517]
James Shepard (Navigation)
Yuri Hayys (Bioscientist)
Jerrie Cobb (Botanist)
Thomas Lovell (Commander)
Joe Engle (Solar Tech)
Alan Brahm (Engineer)
Robert Crippen (Engineer)
Vacuity (2011), short film XOEH:
Space station
Intrepid (spacecraft)
Near Future
Brahm, trapped in space station airlock, must choose between his own survival and that of his crewmates.[518]
Four unnamed American astronauts
Two unnamed Russian cosmonauts
The Age of Miracles (2012), novel International Space Station
Near Future
Astronauts stranded aboard space station when Earth's rotation mysteriously slows.[519]
Tony Drake (ISA) (Commander)
Malory Archer (ISIS)
Sterling Malory Archer (ISIS)
Cyril Figgis (ISIS)
Raymond Q. "Ray" Gillette (ISIS)
Lana Anthony Kane (ISIS)
Pamela "Pam" Poovey (ISIS)
Cheryl Tunt (ISIS)

Kellogg, Capt. (Commander)
Unnamed astronauts
Space Race: Part I, Space Race: Part II (2012), TV
International Space Agency (ISA):
Space Station Horizon
Space Shuttle Intrepid
Agents of International Secret Intelligence Service (ISIS) are hired to take back Horizon from mutineers, but are actually required for a different purpose.
Nicholas Rice, Cmdr. The Astro Outlaw (2012), chapter book NASA Contemporary
Moon rock is stolen from astronaut during appearance at Houston Astros game.[520]
Dimitri Rezinov
Howard Joel "Froot Loops" Wolowitz (Payload Specialist)
The Big Bang Theory
The Countdown Reflection, The Date Night Variable, The Decoupling Fluctuation, The Higgs Boson Observation, The Re-Entry Minimization (2012), TV
Soyuz (possibly Soyuz TMA-04M)
International Space Station (Expedition 31)
Contemporary (Summer 2012)
Astronauts on mission to ISS with Mike Massimino.[521][522]
Zach, Cmdr. (no last name given) Blast Off (2012), short film International Space Station 20XX [sic]
NASA astronaut launches from ISS into thermospheric orbit. Story is probably, but not certainly, a daydream.[523]
Roger McMillan The Final Breaths of Astronaut Roger McMillan on the US Glory (2012), web video U.S. Glory (geosynchronous space station)
Orion CM (shown on Glory's computer screens)
Near Future
NASA astronaut monitoring orbit of meteor named "Vanessa".[524]
International Space Station:
Bill Eriksson (Mission commander)
Keith "Chip" Corcoran, Capt. (Ph.D.) (USAF)
Tim Fisher
Petra Gutierrez
Mort Stevens (MS-2)

International Space Station:
Collins (no first names given)
Unnamed astronaut
The Infinite Tides (2012), novel Space Shuttle
International Space Station
NASA astronaut Corcoran tries to adjust to suburban life after his daughter dies while he is on the ISS.[525]
Vasily Konstantin (FKA)
Other unnamed cosmonauts
Juggernaut (2012), novel Russian Federal Space Agency (FKA):
Space Station
Spaceplane Spektr
c. 1990s and 2005
Cosmonaut launched on a secret mission to a high-orbit space station covertly constructed at the same time as the Mir space station, returns to Earth years later contaminated with a bio-mechanical parasite.[526]
Unnamed commander
Unnamed astronauts
Mousetronaut: Based on a (Partially) True Story (2012), picture book Space Shuttle
Recent Past
Mouse named Meteor saves space shuttle mission.[527]
Fiona MacLeod Starr Once Upon a Toad (2012), novel Soyuz
International Space Station
NASA astronaut's daughter has weird experiences while her mother is in space.[528]
James Ford Pantheon (2012), short film Pantheon (space station) (UK?) Near Future
Astronaut alone on space station at time of catastrophe on Earth.[529]
Allegra (NASA)
Gio (Italy) (no last names given)
Zone of Exclusion (2012), TV
International Space Station Contemporary
Italian astronaut loses communications with colleague and Houston during EVA.[530]
Pete Seabrook, Col. (USMC) Blue Bloods
No Regrets (2013), TV
Space Shuttle Contemporary
Retired astronaut who flew on every shuttle except Endeavour is drinking too much after divorce. He is wearing an STS-72 patch on his shirt.
Gordon McClintock, Cmdr. (NASA)
A. Borovsky (Russia)
Unnamed astronauts
I Just Wasn't Made For These Times (2013), TV
International Space Station Bravery Nine

In 2013, aliens kill space station crew and create double of McClintock with implanted memories. McClintock was a mission specialist on STS-124 in May 2008.[531]
Unnamed astronaut Echoes (2013), short film Unknown Contemporary
Spacewalking astronaut catches pink balloon.[532]
Matthew "Matt" Kowalsky, Lt. (Commander)
Ryan Stone, Dr. (Mission Specialist)
Shariff Dasari (Mission Specialist)
Gravity (2013), film Space Shuttle
Explorer (STS-157)

International Space Station
Soyuz TMA-14M

Near Future
Astronauts stranded in orbit after Kessler syndrome-inspired collision during spacewalk.[533][534]
Corsi, Col. (no first names given)
Keith Clone (Mechanic)
Happy Talk (2013), novel Skylab 1975
Novel's penultimate epilogue involves NASA mission to repair Skylab's gyroscopes.[535]
Unnamed commander
Unnamed pilot
SKYN Condoms Presents: Naked Astronaut – The Closest Thing To Wearing Nothing (2013), web video Space Shuttle Contemporary
Shuttle astronaut chooses not to wear clothes during lift-off.[536]
Garrison Sterling Space in the Heart (2013), novel Space Shuttle 1999, 2010
STS-107 shuttle mission specialist whose wife is murdered prior to his flight.[537]
Andy Hawkins
Roy Manley, Capt. (USN)

International Space Station:
Yuri Koslov, Cmdr.
Molly (no last names given)
3 unnamed astronauts

Soyuz rescue vehicle:
Unnamed cosmonaut
Space Warriors (2013), TV movie International Space Station
Soyuz rescue vehicle
United States Space Camp participants, including former astronaut Hawkins' son, compete for ride to space aboard Orion II, but must intervene when crisis strikes the ISS.
Chet Minor, Maj. George Brown, Class Clown
How Do You Pee in Space? (2014), chapter book
International Space Station Contemporary
Astronaut interviewed by fourth-grader on school TV station.[538]
Unnamed janitor
Unnamed night watchman
Unnamed astronauts
"The Janitor in Space" (2014), short story Space station Future
Female ex-convict works as janitor on space station.[539][540]
Cash Maddux (Mission Specialist)
Herbert "Herb" Swanschbaum[be] (Mission Specialist)
Life on Mars (2014), novel NASA Contemporary (Summer – April)
Rival astronauts from the space shuttle era. Maddux never flew in space due to high blood pressure.[541]
Edmund (no last name given) Once Upon an Alphabet (2014), picture book Unknown Contemporary?
Astronaut who is afraid of heights.[542]
Flight Engineer
Two Science Officers
Unnamed doctor (Russian)
Unnamed Russian cosmonauts
Harrison (Technical Mission Specialist)
Wallace (Technical Mission Specialist)
Unnamed Technical Mission Specialist
"The Serial Killer's Astronaut Daughter" (2014), short story Private space station Future
Unnamed Technical Mission Specialist learns her blological father is on Death Row.[543]
Unnamed astronaut Uprooted (2014), short film Space Shuttle Unknown
Female astronaut on one-way journey into space.[544]
Kev Paciorek (USN) Your Fathers, Where Are They? And the Prophets, Do They Live Forever? (2014), novel NASA Contemporary
Astronaut kidnapped and questioned by college acquaintance.[545]
Yuri (no last name given) Z Nation
Zunami (2014), TV
Soviet Union:[bf]
International Space Station
Soyuz escape pod
Near Future
Mysterious cosmonaut arrives at Citizen Z's outpost, but turns out to be an asphyxia-induced hallucination.[546]
Cal Bennett, Cmdr. (USN) "Excalibur" (2015), short story NASA Late 2000s
Retired astronaut discusses secret NASA program with journalist.[547]
Theo Cooper, Capt. (Commander)
Cole Dvorak (Engineer)
Bug Kieslowski (Life Systems)
Emily McTeer, Dr. (Physician)
400 Days (2015), film Kepler Industries:
400 Days
Contemporary/Near Future
Astronaut hopefuls on simulated 400-day mission.
International Space Station:
Vitaly Simakov
Gennady (no last name given)
Rick Farmer, Col. (Ph.D.) (USAF)

Huan Zhou, Lt. Col./Col. (Commander)
Chang Lu, Maj. (Chinese Air Force)
Sheng Hu
Two unnamed taikonauts

Sir Aeric K. Cavendish (call sign Zorro) (Captain)
Aaron Best (Commando)
Hook (Commando)
Hugger (Commando)
Tick (Commando)
Ghost Fleet: A Novel of the Next World War (2015), novel International Space Station


Tallyho (formerly named Virgin Galactic 3) (single-stage-to-orbit spaceplane)
Near Future (c. 2020s)
Space station crews are in orbit at outbreak of World War III between China, Russia and United States. Tallyho crew captures Tiangong-3 on privateer mission.[548]
Clarence "Biff" Barnes, Capt./Maj. (USAF) (Mission Commander)
Ray McConnell (Flight Engineer/Second-in-command)
Jim Scarelli (Pilot)
Steve Skeldon, Capt. (USMC) (Navigator/Co-pilot)
Andre Baker, Capt. (USAF) (Weapons Officer)
Sue Tillman, Lt. (USN) (Sensor Officer)
Lash-Up (2015), novel U.S. Space Force:
USS Defender (modified VentureStar) (single-stage-to-orbit spaceplane)
September 16, 2017 – March 15, 2018
Expansion of 2001 novella (q.v.). Defender launches on December 15, 2017.[549]
Miller The Last Man on Earth
Screw the Moon (2015), TV
International Space Station Contemporary
Phil Miller's brother, a NASA astronaut, is stranded on space station.[550]
Tom Major
Matt Mason
Stylo, Lt. Col.
Caissier, Maj.

Gilbert Grayson Shepard, Col.
Finley Alan "Fin" Shepard
April Dawn Wexler Shepard
Sharknado 3: Oh Hell No! (2015), TV movie

Sharknado: The 4th Awakens (2016), TV movie
Space Shuttle


Near Future
Col. Shepard, a former astronaut who never flew in space, takes secret military shuttle into orbit with his son and daughter-in-law to destroy sharknados. He is later rescued from the Moon by unnamed Astro-X astronauts.[551][552]
Miller (Ph.D.)

International Space Station:
Unnamed commander
Meg (Ph.D.)
Unnamed Russian cosmonauts
"Space" (2015), short story International Space Station Contemporary
"Manager astronaut" Miller cheats on Meg, his wife, while she is in space.[553]
Mikhail "Misha" Yurgevich (Retired cosmonaut)

Philippa "Phil"[bg] Carson, Ph.D.
Unnamed ASCANs
All Fixed Up (2016), novel International Space Station Contemporary (December)
Carson is slated for mission to conceive a child in space.[554]
Space Shuttle:
Kim (no last names given)

Space station:
Two unnamed astronauts
Busy People: Astronaut (2016), picture book Space Shuttle
Space station
Typical space-station mission.[555]
Ruth Christmas, Dr. (US) (Chief of biomedical problems)
Cosmonaut X
Three unnamed crewmembers

Self-sufficient mission:
Ruth Christmas, Dr.
Two unnamed astronauts
Cosmic Hotel (2016), novel Infinity (space station)
Emergency pod

Self-sufficient mission
Near Future
Pregnant astronaut Christmas makes emergency reentry after space station crew begins experiencing panic attacks. Christmas later joins private mission of indefinite duration aboard "self-sufficient craft".[556]
James (Station Commander) (USA) (no last name given)
Unnamed American astronaut
Unnamed Japanese astronaut
Lev Krupin (Russia)
Two unnamed Russian cosmonauts
Madam Secretary
Unity Node (2016), TV
International Space Station
Contemporary (December)
ISS is damaged by exploding North Korean satellite, trapping three astronauts in Kibo module.[557]
Svetlana Petrova, Capt.
Ekaterina Solovyeva, Capt.
Matryoshka (2016), short film Soyuz
In 1983, the Soviet Union launches a routine Soyuz mission, crewed by two female cosmonauts. Once in orbit, the mission runs into serious problems which leave the crew facing a series of life or death decisions and the possibility that they may not be able to return to Earth.[558]
Walter "Walt" O'Brien (Scorpion) Scorpion
It Isn't the Fall That Kills You (2016), TV
Richard Elia Aerospace Division:
Vessel XA42p
Computer genius is accidentally launched into space due to lightning strike.[559]
Test flights
Crew #1:
Joseph Kess, Ph.D. (Pilot)
Yuri Pelsin, Dr. (Russia) (Pilot)

Crew #2:
Turner Walker (USAF) (Pilot)
Max Biggs (USAF) (Pilot)

James (United States Navy SEAL)
Wallace (United States Navy SEAL)
Jonah Melo (United States Navy SEAL)
Nyambi (mononym) (unnamed African country)
Six unnamed candidates

Orbital flight:
Bennett Oscar "Boss" Sheraton, Capt. (United States Navy SEAL) (Pilot)
The Soul of a SEAL (2016), novel Warren Shuttle (spaceplane) Contemporary
Sheraton pilots secret shuttle to deploy communications satellite and laser array.[560]
Four unnamed astronauts Take My Heart Away (2016), music video South African Aerospace Corporation:
Space Shuttle
Contemporary/Near Future
Child plans to stow away on first African space shuttle.[561]
Ekaterina "Kat" Golovkina (Russia) (Commander)
Rory Adams (US) (Flight Engineer)
Hugh Derry, Dr. (UK) (Exobiologist)
David A. Jordan, Dr. (US) (Mission Specialist)
Sho Murakami (Japan)
Miranda North, Dr. (UK) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (Quarantine Officer)
Life (2017), film International Space Station (Mars Pilgrim 7 Mission)
Lifeboat A
Lifeboat B
Contemporary/Near Future
ISS astronauts analyze life-form brought back by Mars sample return mission.[562]
Samuel Johnson (Commander)
Candice (Medic Officer)
The Pull (2017), The Pull Expanse (2017), short films Space Shuttle
Voyager 707

International Space Station

Astronaut Candice vanishes, then reappears, during spacewalk outside ISS. The same crew later returns to orbit when constellation Cassiopeia and nebula begin moving towards Earth.[563][564]


Astronauts on lunar bases, performing interplanetary travel, and other feats not yet achieved.


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
United States:
Edward "Ed"[bh] McCauley, Col.
Joseph "Joe" Hale, Maj. (Communications Officer)
Renza Hale
Billy Williams, Maj. (Navigational Officer)
Patrick Donon, Maj.
Mason Trett, Maj.
Russ Russell, Dr. (Scientist)
George Gould, Col.
Jeffrey Tuttle, Capt.
Kenneth Moresby, Capt.
Rick Gordon, Lt.
Frank Werner, Lt.
Hal Roberts, Capt.
Hargaves, Lt.
Tom Farrow, Capt. (Radioman)
Robbins, Capt.
Peter Riber, Dr.
Dan Freer, Capt. (Spacecraft commander)
Charles Cooper, Dr. (Biologist)
Neil Templeton, Lt. (Navigator)
Dobbs, Lt.
Pat Warren, Lt.
Johnny Baker, Lt.
Hardy Stockman, Maj.
Markey, Maj.
Oliver Farrar, Prof. (Astronomer)
Jim Nichols (Astronomer)[bi]
Warnecke, Maj. (Dr.) (Physician)
Teal, Lt.
Adams, Col.
Bob Kelly, Lt.
Prescott, Dr. (Scientist)
David Orrin, Dr. (Scientist)
Denny, Lt.
Rowland Kennedy, Dr. (Scientist)
Doug Bowers, Capt.
John Arnold, Maj.
Jimmy Manx (Reporter)
Paul Carlson (Reporter)
Gorman, Lt.
Harold Carter, Dr. (Scientist)
Perry Holcomb, Dr. (Scientist)
Van Fleet, Capt.
Narry, Dr. (Mineralogist)
Bromfield, Dr. (Scientist)
Rice, Dr. (Scientist)
Orr, Dr. (Scientist)
Stubblefield, Maj.
Jim Blythe, Maj.
Bernard Bush, Dr. (Scientist)
George Coldwell, Dr. (Scientist)
Guthrie Durlock, Dr. (Scientist)
Walker, Lt.
Kyle Rennish, Capt. (Photographer)
Rudy Manton, Lt.
McIntyre, Maj.
Charles "Charlie" Randolph, Maj.
John Leonard, Lt.
Ingram, Maj.
Tom Jackson, Maj. (Spacecraft commander)
Henry, Capt.
Parker, Dr. (Geologist)
Richard "Dick" Jackson, Capt.
Rumbough, Capt.
Marlowe, Capt.
Webb, Capt. (Radio Operator)
Don Miller, Capt.
Tim O'Leary, Maj.
Frank Bartlett, Col.
Tucker, Sgt.
Vic Enright, Maj.

Tolchek, Col. (Moon base commander)
Gulyt, Maj.
Kralenko, Maj. (NK-1 commander)
Alexandrov, Col.
Men into Space (1959–60), TV United States Air Force:
Various missions

Moon base
c. 1970–1980
Future astronauts on Moon missions and Moon base crews.[565][566]
Ed McCauley, 1st Lt.
Randy (alternate)

Ed McCauley, Maj. (Pilot)
Furness, Maj. (Observer)

Space Platform:
Ed McCauley, Maj. (Commander)
Randy Hall, Capt.
Sammy Breen, 2nd Lt.

Grimaldi Base:
Ed McCauley, Col. (Base Commander)
Unnamed communications officer
2 other crewmembers

Venus ship:
Ed McCauley, Col. (Commander)
Randy Hall, Maj. (Second-in-Command)
Bramwell, Dr. (civilian scientist)

First Martian Expedition:
Ed McCauley, Col. (Commander)
Randy Hall, Maj. (Second-in-Command)
Joe Fallon (impersonating Andrew Fallon) (Mechanic)
Hathaway (Meteorologist)
Men into Space (1960), novel Space Service (United States):
Aerobee (suborbital rocket)
X-21 (spaceplane)
Space Platform
Grimaldi Base (moonbase)
Venus ship
First Martian Expedition
c. 1960–1980[bj]
Tie-in novel based on TV series of same name but featuring original stories. McCauley makes first manned spaceflight aboard Aerobee and first orbital spaceplane flight in X-21. First Martian Expedition lands on Eros to refuel en route to Mars.[567]
Rog Everett
Willie Sanger
"Contact" (1960), short short story Observatory No. 1 Future
Moon-based observers unknowingly witness end of life on Mars.[568]
Unnamed commander
Unnamed astronauts
"Report on the Nature of the Lunar Surface" (1960), short short story Project Diana:
Moonbase One
Near Future
First astronauts on the Moon discover contamination of lunar surface by earlier unmanned spacecraft.[569]
John Anderson, Capt. (US)
Sigrid Bromark, Dr. (Sweden)
Selim Hamid, Dr. (Turkey)
Erik Heinrich, Dr. (Germany)
Hideko Murata, Dr. (Physician) (Japan)
Asmara Makonnen, Dr. (Nigeria)
Etienne Martel, Dr. (France)
Robert "Roddy" Murdock
Feodor Orloff, Dr. (Russia)
Sir William Rochester, Dr. (UK)
David Ruskin, Dr. (Israel)
Luis Vargas, Dr. (Brazil)
12 to the Moon (1960), film International Space Order:
Lunar Eagle
First manned Moon mission is international project.[570][571]
Perry Rhodan, Maj.
Reginald Bell, Capt.
Clark G. Fletcher, Capt.
Eric Manoli, Lt.
Mike Bull (names from the US-English translation)
Perry Rhodan series (1961–present), novellas, comics, audiobooks, film Enterprise Stardust 1971
The astronauts are members of the United States Space Force (USSF) and their mission is the first landing on the moon – where they find a marooned alien space ship and its crew.[572]
Multi-national astronauts

Joseph Cavor
Katherine "Kate" Callender
Arnold Bedford
First Men in the Moon (1964), film U.N. 1 (spacecraft)

Cavorite sphere

Flashback to 1899
UN crew on Moon discover evidence of 19th-century British lunar expedition. Aged survivor Bedford tells what occurred.[573]
Lee Stocker, Gen. (Commander)
Clint Anderson, Maj.
Diana Brice, Prof.
Phillip Mendl, Dr.
Ernie Travers, Lt.
The Outer Limits
Moonstone (1964), TV
Lunar Expedition One Near Future
Moonbase crew make contact with alien fugitives.[574]
Gompert (Commander)
"Yo" Johannsen
Donald Barnard "Don" Merriam, Lt.
The Wanderer (1964), novel U.S. Space Force
Moon Project:
Moonbase, U.S.
Three rocket ships ("Baba Yagas")
Near Future
Astronauts at moonbase in crater Plato when artificial planet emerges from hyperspace into Earth orbit.[575]
Lavinia Pickerell

Unnamed captain
Thurston Williston (Co-pilot/Navigator)
Two unnamed crewmembers

Lunar Base:
M. M. Manborough (Base Commander)
Finch, Maj.
Foster Esticott, Lt. (Selenodetic survey)
Guffey, Dr. (Microbiologist)
Rugby (Cafeteria/Supply room)
Unnamed Lunar Patrol Officer
Unnamed personnel
Miss Pickerell on the Moon (1965), novel Space Force (Moon Force):
Cargo Spaceship No. 00-41-233 (Cow)
Space Force Lunar Base (Moonport)
Rocketcraft No. 12-12-22
Mooncraft No. 1
Near Future
Miss Pickerell travels to Moon to find antibiotic for animal epidemic. Landing site in Descartes; lunar base in Mare Cognitum. Sequel to Miss Pickerell Goes to Mars (q.v.).[576]
Link Day (Commander)
Mike Capoferri, Dr.
Terry Holmes, Dr. (Linguist)
Carlos (no last name given)
26 unnamed astronauts
"Wrong Way Street" (1965), short story United Nations:
UN Flight Four
While investigating alien base and spacecraft on Moon, scientist Capoferri accidentally travels back in time. Walnikov is mentioned as the first human on Mars.[577]
Sirius (USAF):
Acton (Last names not given)

Space Station One: 'Santa Fe' :
Felix Coulter, Dr. (Director)
Unnamed US astronauts

Little Bear:
Melvin K. Green (V-POTUS)
Hunter-Killer (1966), novel Sirius

Space Station One: Santa Fe

Little Bear
Alternate 1970s
After the Air Force sends two men to the moon but fails to bring them back safely, the Navy decides to upstage them by sending the Vice-President into orbit using an uprated Polaris missile.[578]
Schmidlap (US)
Hoffman (US)
Peter "Pete" Mattemore (US)
Eileen Forbes (US)

Igor Valkleinokov (USSR)
Anna Soblova (USSR)
Way...Way Out (1966), film Unknown 1989
US sends a married couple to live on the moon and operate a weather station close to a nearby Soviet lunar base. Couples have a space race to see who will have the first "moon baby".[579]
Project Settlement:
Perkins, Cmdr.
Unnamed crew

Project Rescue:
Steve (no last name given)
Unnamed crew
Night Gallery
The Nature of the Enemy (1970), TV
U.S. Department of Space:
Project Settlement
Project Rescue
Near Future
Astronaut on rescue mission discovers giant mousetrap on the Moon.[580]
Clarence "Clancy" Ballou
Roger (no last names given for last two)
"Now I'm Watching Roger" (1972), short story Unknown Future
Interpersonal tensions among astronauts on moonbase.[581]
Siren II:
Stan Bailey[bk]

Miroslava Space Detachment:[bl]
Unnamed female cosmonauts
Two unnamed male cosmonauts
The Moonlovers: An Erotic Space Odyssey (1975), novel Unknown
Siren II

Soviet Lunar Colony
Near future[bm]
NASA astronaut whose long-duration Earth orbital mission is suddenly endangered when a mysterious force pulls his spacecraft towards the Moon. The ending hints that the story may be a dream.[582]
Moonbase Sinus Medii
Ed Speedwell, Capt (Commander)
Ivan Flyenov, Capt (2nd in Command)
Jerry Owyee, Lt (3rd in Command)
Rocky Rhodes, Lt.
Harold Cummings, Dr.
Irene Stone, Dr.
Lois White, Dr.
Mike O'Riley
Unnamed astronauts

Moon Orbiting Space Station 1
Six unnamed astronauts

Moon Orbiting Space Station 2
Yuri Chisodva, Capt.
Five unnamed astronauts

Dick Peterson, Capt.
Unnamed astronauts

Ed Speedwell, Capt.
Jean Chelsea-Smith, Lt. (RAF)
Peter Chorosous
Class G-Zero (1976?), novel Moonbase
Sinus Medii

Space Station
Skylab V
Moon Orbiting Space Station 1
Moon Orbiting Space Station 2

Space Shuttles:
Orbiter 8
Orbiter 10

Nuclear Lunar Shuttles:
Near Future (Alternate 1990s?)
Astronauts of the International Space Agency (ISA) who find themselves dealing with a first contact situation.[583]
Douglas Cummings
Don Wayne

Franz Bethwig
Vengeance 10 (1980), novel Unknown

May 6, 2009, flashback to 1938–45
Two American astronauts stumble across the final remnants of Nazi Germany's Moon Program.[584]
Douglas Morgan
Lisa Morgan
Fred Simpson
Martin Kobol
William Demain
Catherine Demain
Larry LaStrande
Sylvia Dortman
Haley (First names not given for the last three)

Other unnamed astronauts
Test of Fire (1982), novel Unknown

Space Station

Space Shuttle
Near Future
Personnel at a moonbase in the crater Alphonsus which becomes the last outpost of civilization when the Earth is devastated by a massive solar flare and the nuclear strikes it triggers. Revision of When the Sky Burned (1972).[585]

Jersey Colony
Eli Steinmetz
Willie Shea
Kurt Perry, Dr.
Dawson (First name not given)
Gallagher (First name not given)
Cooper (First name not given)
Snyder (First name not given)
Russell (First name not given)
Two unnamed astronauts

Jack Sherman, Cmdr.
Unnamed astronauts

Dave Jurgens, Cmdr.
Carl Burkhart, Co-Pilot
Unnamed Mission Specialists


Selenos 4
Three unnamed cosmonauts

Selenos 5
Three unnamed cosmonauts

Selenos 6
Three unnamed cosmonauts

Selenos 8
Two unnamed cosmonauts
(Soviet Army)
Grigory Leuchenko, Maj.
Dmitry Petrov, Lt.
Ivan Ostrovski, Sgt.
Mikhail Yuschuk, Cpl.
Unnamed corporal
Cyclops (1986), novel Cosmos Luna
Selenos 4-6 & 8

Jersey Colony

Space Station

Space Shuttle
Near Future
The actions of members of an illegal lunar colony cause a crisis between the United States and the Soviet Union. Mention is made in the novel of Salyuts 9 and 10.[586]
Wolfgang "Wolfli" Hitler (born Wolfgang Tshurkurka) "Reichs-Peace" (1986), short story Nazi Germany:
1980s (Alternate History)
Adolf Hitler's adopted Romany son is endangered by sunspot activity while away from moon base.[587]

Molly Brown:
Kathy (Commander)
Peter (Ph.D.) (Science officer) (No last names given)
Space Station Friendship: A Visit with the Crew in 2007 (1988), novel Project Willow Stick:
Molly Brown (Orbital transfer vehicle [OTV])
2007 (Autumn)
NASA astronauts exploring Scott Crater. Kathy and Peter are husband and wife.[409]
Silvia Rabal (Spain) (Pilot)
Marco Albertosi (Italy)

Landing module:
Marte Schierbeck (Denmark) (Module pilot)
Dieter Kaufmann (Germany)
Emile Lemarque (France)
Kevin O'Meara (Air Force) (Ireland)
Adriaan van der Heyde (Netherlands)

Giuseppe Serena (Italy) (Alternate)

Lunar Village:
Unnamed Commander (Astrophysicist)
Ed Druson, Col. (Head of Security)
Unnamed pod pilot
Unnamed personnel

Lunar shuttle:
Peter Pascoe (UK Commissioner, Eurofed Justice Department)
Andrew "Andy" Dalziel (Detective Superintendent, ret.)
One Small Step (1990), novella Federated States of Europe
Federal Space Programme:
Landing module

United States:
Lunar Village
Lunar shuttle
May 2010[bn]
At the moment he becomes the first European on the lunar surface, Lemarque is killed by short circuit in his urine collection device; Dalziel and Pascoe investigate. European landing on May 14, 2010.[588]
Patricia Jay "Trish" Mulligan
Theresa (no last names given)

Stanley (Mission Commander) (no first name given)
Tanya Nakora
"A Walk in the Sun" (1991), short story Moonshadow
After Moonshadow crash-lands during Moon orbit mission, sole survivor Mulligan walks all the way around the Moon to remain in sunlight while awaiting rescue. Crash site near edge of Mare Smythii.[589][590]
Two unnamed astronauts Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger
Birth (1992), TV

(adapted as
Mighty Morphin Power Rangers
Day of the Dumpster (1993), TV)
Space Shuttle Contemporary
Astronauts accidentally release sorceress Witch Bandora (Rita Repulsa in American version) from 10,000-year imprisonment on Moon.[bo]
Dmitri (no last name given) Dmitri the Astronaut (1996), picture book Unknown (United States) Contemporary/Near Future (October – Thanksgiving)
Astronaut returns to Earth after two and a half years on the Moon to find that no one remembers him.[591]
Chris Terence, Dr. (USA) (Commander)
Xiao Be (China) (Pilot)
Peter Mikhailovich Denisov (Russia) (Engineer)
Jiang Wu (China)
Encounter with Tiber (1996), novel Tiber Two
Tiber Prize
(modified Apollo IIs)
Mission to retrieve alien technology from lunar south pole ends in tragedy.[442]
Edward A. Graham, Jr., Cmdr. (Co-Pilot)
Casey Hamilton, Lt. (Flight Engineer)
Kenneth A. Moore, Lt. (Flight Mechanic)
Richard Dunning, Sgt. (Mission Specialist)
Walter Kahn, Dr. (Flight Surgeon)

Space Station One:
Chet Aldridge, Gen. (USSF) (Commander)
Tom "Tommy" Sidwell

Luna Two:
Eugene M. "Gene" Parnell (Commander)
Joseph K. "Joe" Laughlin
Eight unnamed astronauts

Sanger XS-1:
Karl Schiller, Col. (West Germany)

P. A. Kingsolver, Capt. (Pilot)
H. M. Trombly, Lt. Cmdr. (Co-Pilot)

Gene Parnell, Cmdr. (Commander)
Cristine September "Cris" Ryer, Capt. (USAF) (Pilot)
Jay Lewitt, Lt. (Flight Engineer)
Cecil Orvitz (impersonating Paul Aaron Dooley) (Computer programmer)
Berkley Rhodes (Reporter)
Alex Bromleigh (Cameraman/Producer)

Koenig Selenen GmbH:
James Patrick "Pat" Leamore (Executive Vice-President)
Uwe Aachener (Astronaut-Candidate)
Markus Talsbach (Astronaut-Candidate)

Harpers Ferry:
Curtis "Dr. Z" Zimm (Pilot)

Space Station One:
Joseph K. "Old Joe" Laughlin, Cdre. (USN) (Commander)
Frierson, Lt. j.g. (NASA)
Hollis, Lt. (NASA)
Unnamed personnel

Fido's Pride:
Edmund "Poppa Dog" McGraw (Pilot)

Unnamed astronauts
The Tranquility Alternative (1996), novel United States Air Force:
U.S.S. Constitution (space ferry)

United States Space Force (USSF):
Space Station One ("the Wheel")

Luna Two (Eagle Four lander)

Sanger XS-1 (spaceplane)

Constellation (Atlas-C space ferry)
Space Station One
U.S.S. Conestoga (Moonship)
Harpers Ferry (space taxi)
Fido's Pride (Mars Retriever 13)
Tranquillity Base/Teal Falcon bunker

Walter Dornberger (Sanger booster/Horus-class orbiter)

North Korea:
Zenith-Two (Ghost Rider)
April 10, 1956 (Alternate History)

1963-1966 (Alternate History)

September 1969 (Alternate History)

1977 (Alternate History)

February 16–22, 1995 (Alternate History)
In alternate history, NASA launches final Moon mission in 1995 to turn over Tranquillity Base to German company. First manned space ferry flight in 1956 commanded by Chuck Yeager. Joint US-Soviet Ares One mission lands on Mars in July 1976 with Neil Armstrong and Alexei Leonov.[bp] Set in same alternate history as Steele's short stories "Goddard's People" and "John Harper Wilson" and novel V-S Day (q.v.).[592]
HayesCorp Moonship:
Ishmael Hayes
Elisabeth (no last name given)
Bennett (Security) (no first name given)

Sam Houston (Subtropolis Systems)
Stevie G. (Foreman)
Bob Hennessey
Betsy Warren
Unnamed personnel

Channel Seven:
Dave Archer (Reporter)
Annie "Sparky" Franklin (Segment producer)
Heck Allen (Cameraman)
Astronauts in Trouble: Live from the Moon (1999), Astronauts in Trouble: One Shot, One Beer (2000), graphic novels HayesCorp:
Cargo One
Cargo Two
Cargo Three
Subtropolis (moonbase)

Channel Seven:
Channel Seven reporters report on HayesCorp returning humans to the moon, only to discover that billionaire Hayes has had a secret moonbase in the Sea of Showers for five years. Hayes' moonship lands north of Cassini Crater; Newsvan lands south of Autolycus.[226]
John Lakey (Chief of Astronaut Office)
Deborah Kimbrough
Jay Guidon (CAPCOM)
Molly Peterson (CAPCOM)

Nazarbeyev (Kazakhstan) (no first name given)

Original STS-128 crew/
Endeavour crew:
Olivia "Ollie" Grant, Col. (Ph.D.) (Commander)
Tanya Brown (Pilot)
Betsy Newell (Mission Specialist 1)
Janet Barnes (Mission Specialist 2)
Penny High Eagle (born Penelope Ingle), Ph.D. (Payload Specialist) (joins hijack crew)

Hijack crew (MEC):
Jack Medaris
Craig "Hopalong" Cassidy, Capt. (Pilot)
Virgil "Virg" Judd (Shuttle Main Engine Technician)

Olivia Grant
Yuri Dubrinski, Col. (RSA) (pilot)
Back to the Moon (1999), novel NASA:
Space Shuttles
Columbia (STS-128)

Russian Space Agency:

Medaris Engineering Company (MEC):
Elsie-2 (Landing Craft)
c. 2002 (July)
On its last scheduled mission, shuttle Columbia is hijacked and flown to the Moon by former NASA engineer Medaris. Cassidy is an ex-NASA astronaut who flew on all the shuttles and Mir, helped repair the Hubble Space Telescope, and commanded Spacelab XXI. Nazarbeyev was a guest cosmonaut on Mir. Moon landing near Apollo 17 landing site in Taurus-Littrow.[593]
Collins (FS-6)
Po Tseng, Col.
Jerry Cochagne
Joe DeSosa
Dick Lebby
Arminta Horo
Paul Manch
Iona Greer

Aldrin/Farside Base (FS-5)
Mike Mobley, Col.
Louise Washington
Ann Biso
Bob Faden
Frank Dryzmkowski
Shinobu Takizawa
Blood Moon (1999), novel Lunar Landing Modules

Near Future
When contact is unexpectedly lost with the first astronauts to spend a full lunar day/cycle a rescue mission is hastily launched.[594]
Michelle "Mickey" Griffith, Col. (Ph.D.) (USAF) (Commander) Astronaut (2003), play NASA:
Lunar Colony One
Near Future
Commander of lunar colony at edge of Procellarum Ocean (near 18°N 75°W / 18°N 75°W / 18; -75) gives press conference.[595]
Rachel Fine, Maj.
Ben Halberstom, Capt.
John Redding (Mission Specialist)
Earthstorm (2006), TV movie American Space Institute (ASI):
Space Shuttle
Perseus (Lunar Mission)
Contemporary/Near Future
Demolition expert Redding joins mission to stabilize Moon after asteroid impact. Perseus has experimental nuclear pulse engines.
Deke Gordon, Capt.

Rachel Salerno, Cmdr.
Hatcher (no first name given)
Lunar Colony (2007-2013), online game and chapter book
Poptropica Academy of Space Exploration (PASE):
Lunar colony
Flight capsule
Lunar lander
Alien artifacts are found near lunar colony. Gordon built first lunar facility decades earlier.[596]
Lloyd Nadolski, Capt. (Commander)
Caitlin Hall, Lt. (LMP)
Aldrich Coleman, Capt. (Habitat Commander)
Samuel Wilson (Space Engineer)
Peter D. Stanton (Space Engineer)
Mia Nomeland (Norway)
Midori Yoshida (Japan)
Antoine Devereux (France)
Darlah – 172 timer på månen (a.k.a. 172 Hours on the Moon) (2008), novel NASA

Ceres (Command Module), Demeter (Lunar Module)

April 2018 – July 2019
Teenagers Mia, Midori and Antoine win lottery to visit top-secret lunar base built in the 1970s in the Sea of Tranquility.[597]
Sam Bell Moon (2009), film Unknown Near Future
Astronaut tending an automated mining facility on the Moon's far side.[598]
China National Space Agency:
Gong Zheng

Hui Tian (Commander)
Ming Feng (Pilot)
Xu Guan, Dr. (Physician)
Zhi Feng (Engineer/Political Officer)

Charles Leonard (Pilot)
Helen Menendez (Mission Specialist)
Jim England

Mercy I:
Bill Stetson (Commander/Pilot)
Anthony "Tony" Chow, M.D., Ph.D. (Mission Specialist)

Paul Gesling, Capt. (Commander/Pilot)
Matt Thibodeau
Maquita Singer
Sharik Mbanta
Bridget Wells
John Graves, Dr.
Back to the Moon (2010), novel China National Space Agency:

Space Excursions:
Dreamscape (spaceplane)

NASA (Constellation Program):
Mercy I (Orion/Altair)
2020s (August)
On commercial circumlunar flight, Dreamscape picks up distress call from crashed Chinese lander Harmony on lunar service. NASA reconfigures planned Moon landing as rescue mission. Leonard and Menendez are assigned to moon landing before crew is cut back to allow taikonauts to be rescued.[599]
Marcia Beckett, US (Commander)
Yuri Petrov, Russia
Three unnamed NASA astronauts
One unnamed Russian cosmonaut
"The Cassandra Project" (2010), short story Minerva 2026
Joint US-Russian mission, first manned Moon landing since Apollo 17. Landing in Mare Maskelyne. Mission omitted in 2012 novel adaptation. Sid Myshko named as commander of earlier orbital mission.[349]
Base Diana:
Cliff Devenish, Col. (Commander)
Andrea "Andi" Carlisle, Maj.
Jim Reeve, Capt.
Marty Garrett, Capt. (Technical Officer)
Dyson, Pvt.
Downham (Soldier)
Unnamed soldiers
Charles Jackson, Prof. (Head scientist)
Liz Didbrook (Assistant scientist)
Lars Gregman (Scientist)
Phillips (Nurse)
Unnamed scientists

Apollo 23:
Pat Ashton, Lt. (CMP)
Marty Garrett, Capt.
Doctor Who
Apollo 23 (2010), novel
United States:
Base Diana

Apollo 23
Unnamed CSM/LM
Secret moonbase is infiltrated by alien force and cut off from Earth by sabotage of "quantum displacement" equipment. Ashton and Garrett are space shuttle veterans.[600]
Joe Santalupo (Chief Astronaut)

Artemis 3:
Gary Hobbs
Scott Stevenson
James "Jim" Truax, Cmdr. (Ph.D.) (USN)
"Drag Queen Astronaut" (2010), short story Artemis 3 Near Future
During mission to Fra Mauro to investigate buried alien spacecraft, Truax is caught on camera wearing female undergarments in lunar orbit.[601]
Glorious March:
Ten unnamed astronauts

Magnificent Dragon:
Kwan Xiang, Maj. Gen. (Commander)
Chao, Sgt.
Ten unnamed soldiers (Chinese Air Force / Chinese Special Forces)

Ariane 1 (ESA Moon Mission 01):
Jean Marceau, Maj. (Commander)
Unnamed pilot
Unnamed copilot
Three unnamed mission specialists
Philippe Jarneux, Capt. (Commandos Marine)
Unnamed sergeant (Commandos Marine)
Two unnamed commandos (Commandos Marine)

Ariane 2:
Ten unnamed astronauts

Harwell, Capt.

Dark Star 1:
Unnamed shuttle commander and pilot
Ten unnamed astronauts

Dark Star 2:
Unnamed shuttle commander and pilot
Ten unnamed astronauts

Dark Star 3:
Johnson (shuttle commander)
Walker (shuttle pilot)
Arthur Kendal, Col. (USAF) (Mission commander)
Maggio (Command module pilot)
Dugan, Lt. (USN) (Lunar lander pilot)
Jason Ryan, Lt. (USN/Event Group) (Lunar lander copilot/mission specialist)
Sarah McIntire, Lt. (US Army/Event Group) (Mission specialist)
Will Mendenhall, 2nd Lt. (Event Group) (Mission specialist)
Andrews, Sgt. (5th Special Forces Group)
Demarest, Sgt. (5th Special Forces Group)
Elliott (5th Special Forces Group)
Johnson (5th Special Forces Group)
Martinez, Sgt. (5th Special Forces Group)
Stanley Sampson, Sgt. (5th Special Forces Group)
Tewlewiski, Sgt. (5th Special Forces Group)

Peter the Great:
Unnamed cosmonauts
Legacy (2011), novel China National Space Administration
Chinese Lunar Exploration Program:
Glorious March (Long March 8 / Zihuang lunar lander)
Magnificent Dragon (Long March 8 / Zihuang lunar lander)

European Space Agency:

ESA Moon Mission 01 (launched by Ariane 1):
Bonaparte 1 (command module)
Astral (lunar lander)

Ariane 2

International Space Station

Operation Dark Star:

Dark Star 1:
Space Shuttle
Modified Orion (unnamed) / Modified Altair (Achilles 1)

Dark Star 2:
Space Shuttle
Modified Orion (unnamed) / Modified Altair (Thor 1)

Dark Star 3:
Space Shuttle
Modified Orion (Falcon 1) / Modified Altair (Yorktown)

Russian Federal Space Agency:
Peter the Great (lunar lander)
Nations race to recover alien weaponry and energy-producing mineral discovered in Shackleton Crater by robotic NASA rovers. Dark Star 1 command module and lander are launched by Ares I, Dark Star 2 command module and lander by Ares V, Dark Star 3 command module and lander by Atlas V[bq] left over from Apollo program. Glorious March, Ariane 2, Discovery and Endeavour are destroyed after launch by ASM-135 ASATs and SA-2 Guidelines.[602]
Henry Watkins, Jr. American Dad!
National Treasure 4: Baby Franny: She's Doing Well: The Hole Story (2012), TV
Unknown Contemporary
Astronaut building space station on Moon.
Morgan "Bucky" Blackstone
Ben Gaines (Pilot)
Marcia Neimark
Phil Bassinger
The Cassandra Project (2012), novel Blackstone Enterprises
Sidney Myshko
First private manned mission to Moon. Neimark and Bassinger make landing in Cassegrain Crater.[351]
"Sand" Sanders
James Washington (Model)

George W. Bush:
Vivian Wagner (Commander)
McLennan (Officer)
Unnamed personnel

Nazi moonbase:
Wolfgang Kortzfleisch (Mondführer)
Klaus Adler (Oberführer, later Führer)
Richter, Dr. (Scientist)
Renate Richter (Earthologist)
Weapons NCO (unnamed)
Unnamed personnel
Iron Sky (2012), film United States:
"Liberty" (Moon Mission)
U.S.S. George W. Bush (Mars exploration ship)

Nazi Germany:
First Fleet:
Götterdämmerung (battleship)
Siegfried (battleship)
Tannhäuser (battleship)
Heinrich (battleship)
Biterolf (battleship)
Wolfram (battleship)
Valkyries (spacecraft)

International Space Station (European Union)

Australian Ship Dundee 01



South Korea
American astronauts discover Nazi moonbase.[603]
George Gompers (Commander)
Tom Conrad, Lt. Cmdr. (USAF) (Pilot)
Fred Phillips, Lt. (Engineer)
Maxon Mann, Dr. (Roboticist)
Shine Shine Shine (2012), novel NASA:
Aeneid rocket
Contemporary/Near Future
NASA astronauts on mission to colonize the Moon with robots.[604]
Freddie Saturn (NASA)
Buddy Waters (NASA)
Damien Kweller (NASA)
Karen Jones (NASA)
Linda Cliff (NASA)
Hibito Nanba (JAXA)
Space Brothers (2012), anime (based on the 2007 manga of the same name) NASA:
Lunar base
A crew of astronauts, including the first Japanese astronaut to walk on the Moon (Hibito), launch on an expedition to a lunar base.[605]
Sztab, Capt. (no first name given)

Ken Arluk
Richter "Rich" Front

Drake Matter (Pilot)
Wendy Byrd (Co-pilot)
Crater XV (2013), graphic novel Siberian Rocket Program (SRP)

Canadian Arctic Space Agency (CASA):
Maurice (railgun)
c. 1987
CASA was established in the 1960s but dissolved after a year. Twenty years later, reunited CASA engineers launch Maurice on one-way flight to the moon, with 15-year-old Byrd as co-pilot. Sztab's SRP mission was canceled.[606]
Mike Rodriguez, Cmdr. (USN) (Pilot)
O'Neil (no first names given)

Dale (Backup/CAPCOM) (no last name given)
"The Irish Astronaut" (2013), short story NASA:
Near Future
After Aquarius disintegrates on return to Earth from the Moon, Dale brings Rodriguez' remains to County Clare in Ireland. Rodriguez was a member of NASA Astronaut Group 19.[607][608]
Janet Greenway (Commander)
Gary Schroder
Ashley Sutton
The Resurrection of Ritara (2013), novel NASA:
Diana 4
c. 2008[bs]
Crew of the fourth mission in a series of eight planned to renew humanity's exploration of the Moon who disappear along with their spacecraft as it passes behind the Moon.[609]
Moonbase ARK:
Gerard Brauchman, Col. (Commander)
Ava Cameron, Lt.
Bruce Johns (Senior Engineer)
Lance "Doc" Krauss, Dr. (Physician)
Stranded (2013), film United States:
Moonbase ARK (Mineral Exploration Camp)
USS Magellan (rescue shuttle)
April 8–9, 2027
Astronauts on mining moonbase infested by alien spores after meteor shower.[610]
Unnamed (Narrator)
Anna (no last name given)
Steve Wong
"Alan Bean Plus Four" (2014), short story Alan Bean (Command Module) July–September 2014
Four friends fly around Moon in privately built spacecraft purchased from widow of pool-supply businessman.[611]
Lundvik (Captain)
Doctor Who
Kill the Moon (2014), TV
Space Shuttle 2049
Space shuttle crew travels to Moon, which is mysteriously gaining mass, endangering life on Earth. Landing near Mare Fecunditatis.[612]
Harley Mathews, Maj. (USAF) (Pilot)
Herman Hawthorne
"The Man On The Moon" (2014), short story Unknown Contemporary
Former NASA astronaut Mathews flies billionaire Hawthorne to the moon in space capsule resembling log cabin.[613]
Hunter Donovan (USN) (Geologist)

Phoenix 2:
Franklin "Frank" Wilson, Lt. Col. (USMC) (Commander)
Two unnamed astronauts

Phoenix 5:
Mongillo (no first names given)
Sydney "Syd" Weaver, Lt. (USN) (call sign Blackfox) (Command Module Pilot)

Phoenix 6:
Yuen Bai, Cmdr. (PLA Air Force) (Co-Commander)
Franklin Wilson, Lt. Col. (Co-Commander)
Anthony "Benny" Benevisto, Lt. Cmdr. (USN) (Command Module Pilot/Tech Support)
Thomas "Moose" Mosensen, Lt. Cmdr. (USN) (Co-CM Pilot)
Yeoh "Bruce" Kong-sang, Dr. (Prof.) (China) (Tech Support)
Alan H. Donovan, Dr. (US) (Archeologist)
Elias Zell, Dr. (UK) (Archeologist)
Soong Yang Zi, Dr. (China) (Forensic Anthropologist)
Ocean of Storms (2016), novel China:

Phoenix program (Constellation-like):
Phoenix 1
Phoenix 2
Phoenix 3 (command modules only)
Phoenix 4
Phoenix 5

Phoenix 6:
Tai-Ping ("Great Peace") (Shenzhou) (CM)/Copernicus (LM)
Near Future (December 22 – October 7)
Electromagnetic pulse emanates from artifact buried under Ocean of Storms; NASA undertakes joint Phoenix 6 mission with China after Phoenix 5 launch failure. Wilson and Mosensen are ISS veterans. Hunter Donovan, Alan Donovan's father, was a geologist selected for the Apollo program who never flew due to heart fibrillation.[614]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Robert "Bob" Gaines, Maj./
Robert "Bob" Gaines, Col.
Twilight Zone
The Parallel (1963), TV
MX Ten (Phoebus Ten)/Astro Seven
Contemporary/Near Future
Astronaut visits parallel universe where John F. Kennedy is not the President.[615][616][617]
Mitchell (no first names given)

Glenn D. Ross, Col. (NASA)
John Kane, Dr. (UK) (Astrophysicist)
Doppelgänger (aka Journey to the Far Side of the Sun) (1969), film European Space Exploration Complex (EUROSEC)

Operation Sun Probe:
SSTO lifting body (lander)

Dove (aka DOPPELGANGER) (SSTO lifting body)
EUROSEC mission to a newly discovered unknown planet orbiting on exactly the opposite side of the Sun from Earth. Ross is a veteran of two Mars missions.[618][619]
Neil Stryker, Col. The Stranger (aka Stranded in Space) (1973), TV movie Pilgrim (3-man interplanetary craft) Contemporary
NASA astronaut who crash-lands on a duplicate of Earth ruled by a totalitarian regime.[620]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Norman Paul "Dave" Davis, Maj. (Commander)
Bernhard "Bud" Gierr, Capt.
Orren "Doc" Lorimer, Dr. (Scientist)
Houston, Houston, Do You Read? (1976), novella NASA
Sunbird One
Near Future (before 2000)
Crew of first circumsolar mission travels forward to time when male humans no longer exist.[621]
Euclid Station:
Lizzy (no last names given)
Unnamed personnel

Satellite tender:
Max (Pilot) (no last name given)
Travis "Trav" Hill, Ph.D.

High-orbit shuttle:
Six unnamed astronauts

Robin Braide (CAPCOM)

Starfire (test flight):
Robin Braide (Commander)
Leroy "Spin" Calder (Pilot)
Melinda Wooster (Navigation and communication [NAVCOM])
James "Jimmy" Giles, Lt. Col. (USAF) (Mission Specialist)
Linwood "Doc" Deveraux, Dr. (Propulsion control [PROP])

Starfire (operational flight):
Robin Braide (Commander)
Spin Calder (Pilot)
Melinda Wooster (NAVCOM)
Travis Hill, Prof. (Ph.D.) (Mission Specialist)
Linwood Deveraux, Dr. (PROP)

Dick Crease (Alternate crew commander)
Starfire (1988), novel NASA:
Euclid Station (polar orbit space station)
Satellite tender (call sign "Twinkletoes")
High-orbit shuttle

Archimedes Station (equatorial orbit space station)

Starfire (fusion-powered spacecraft)
c. 2015 (September) – August 2023
Fusion-powered spacecraft Starfire flies operational mission to Apollo asteroid 2021 XA (a.k.a. Everest), which is falling into the Sun. Wooster and Hill are first humans on an asteroid.[622]
"Skeet" Kelso, Adm.
Unnamed personnel

Steve Kelso, Capt. (Commander)
Borg, Capt. (Executive Officer)
Alex Noffe (UK) (Project Officer)
Harvard Clark Gordon, Lt.
Jensen Tracy "Bobby" Meeks, Lt. (Cryogenics and propulsion)
Ken Minami, Dr. (Japan)
T.C. (France)
Seven other astronauts
Solar Crisis (1990), film United Command:
Skytown (space station)
U.S.S. Helios
Ra (probe)
Chicago (cargo ship)
Mission to deflect solar flare from destroying all life on Earth. Noffe is a "biogenetically enhanced human".[623]
Icarus I:
Pinbacker (Captain)
White (no first names given)

Icarus II:
Kaneda (Captain)
Harvey (Comms Officer/Second-in-command)
"Cassie" Cassidy (Pilot)
Mace (Engineer/Co-pilot)
Trey (Navigator)
"Cory" Corazon (Biologist/Life support)
Robert Capa (Physicist)
Searle, Dr. (Psych Officer)
Sunshine (2007), film Icarus Project:
Icarus I
Icarus II

Icarus I vanishes on mission to reignite dying Sun with nuclear device; seven years later, Icarus II crew attempt same mission.[624][625]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Willard "Will" Rowson (Captain)
Camille Burkett, Ph.D. (Mineralogist)
Eileen Harmon, Dr. (Stratigrapher)
Joe Mardikian, Dr. (Geophysicist)
Tom Marini, Dr. (Biologist)
Milt Schlossberg, Dr. (Astronomer)
Luigi Aiello
Babineau (Medic) (no first name given)
Ren Hargedon
Mary Spurr (Spacesuit technician)
Eric Trackman (Nuclear engineer)
Arnie Zaino (Communications specialist)
"Hot Planet" (1963), short story Albireo Future
Crew investigating Mercury's development of a temporary atmosphere.[626][627]
Clifford Greenberg, Col. 2061: Odyssey Three (1987), novel Unknown 2030s
First man on Mercury, who landed at the south pole, joins the complement of the luxury spaceliner Universe thirty years later for the first landing on Halley's Comet.[628]
Marshall Donnington (Commander)
Lee Tahori (Pilot)
Victoria Preston
Collision Earth (2011), TV movie Space Shuttle
USS Nautilus
Near Future (Autumn)
Astronauts preparing to orbit Mercury when solar event sets planet on collision course with Earth.
John Russell, Capt. Give Me Space (2016), short film Unknown Future
Astronaut stranded on inhabited Mercury by lack of fuel.


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Harringway Hawling, Prof. (Commander/Physicist) (US)
Raimund Brinkman/Robert Brinkman (Pilot) (Germany) (American in US version)
Durand, Prof. (Chief Engineer) (USSR) (French in US version)
Lao Tsu/Tchen Yu, Dr. (Linguist/Biologist) (China)
Sumiko Omigura, M.D. (Physician) (Japan)
Orloff, Prof. (Engineer/Nuclear Physicist) (Poland)
Sikarna, Prof. (Mathematician) (India)
Talua (Communications)
First Spaceship on Venus (1960), film World Federation for Space Research:
Luna 3 (Moonbase)
Kosmokrator I (Cosmostrator I in US version)
1970 (1985 in US version)
First mission to Venus discovers remnants of extinct civilization. Some names and nationalities different in original German version; in US version, Brinkman was first American on Moon.[629][630][631]
Jerry Garfield (Engineer-Navigator)
Graham "Hutch" Hutchins, Dr (Biologist)
George "Cole" Coleman (Scientist)
"Before Eden" (1961), short story Morning Star Future (before 2010)
Discoverers of life near the south pole of Venus.[632]
Barbara Clinton (Captain) (USCG Aux)
Dana Perry (Navigator/Medical Technician)
Joanna Sue Toliver (Engineer)
Sea Hunt
The Aquanettes (1961), TV
Operation Astronette Contemporary
Female astronauts training for mission to Venus.
Kern/Alfred Kerns, Capt.
Scherba/Allan Sherman/Howard Sherman
Masha/Marsha Evans[bt]

Ilya Vershinin/Brandon Lockhart/William "Billy" Lockhart, Cmdr.
Alyosha/André Ferneau
Bobrov/Hans Walters
Planeta Bur (a.k.a. Planet of Storms, Cosmonauts on Venus) (1962), film

Voyage to the Prehistoric Planet (1965), film

Voyage to the Planet of Prehistoric Women (1967), film
Soviet Union:
Capella (ships unnamed in Voyage to the Planet of Prehistoric Women)[bu]

United States:
Space Station Texas (Voyage to the Planet of Prehistoric Women only)
Near Future (Planeta Bur)

2020 (Voyage to the Prehistoric Planet)

1998–2000 (Voyage to the Planet of Prehistoric Women)
Three-spacecraft expedition to Venus loses spacecraft Capella to meteor; other two crews discover reptilian creatures and evidence of intelligent life. Film was twice re-edited for American release with character names changed.[633][634][635]
Jefferson "Jeff" Barton, Brig. Gen. The Outer Limits
Cold Hands, Warm Heart (1964), TV
Project Vulcan Near Future
Astronaut afflicted by a mysterious disease after a mission to Venus.[636]
Howie "Shorty" (no last name given)
Eric "Doc" Donovan (last name uncertain)
"Becalmed in Hell" (1965), short story NASA:
Venus ship
c. 1980s?
NASA astronauts in danger on mission to Venus. Eric, survivor of spacecraft crash on Moon, is an isolated central nervous system plugged into controls of Venus ship.[637][638]
Arcturus III:
Two unnamed astronauts

Arcturus IV:
Unnamed astronaut
Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea
The Silent Saboteurs (1965), TV
United States:
Arcturus III
Arcturus IV
When foreign power uses force field to destroy Arcturus III on re-entry, Seaview personnel must save Arcturus IV from same fate.[639]
Arthur "Artie"
(last names not given)
"I Am the Doorway" (1971), short story Project Zeus Near Future (after 1979)
Presumed NASA crew on flight to Venus similar to cancelled Manned Venus Flyby. Arthur infected with alien organism, possibly during Cory's EVA; left paraplegic when parachutes malfunction. Cory dies in landing. Other astronauts mentioned: Markhan and Jacks made first Mars landing in 1979; Pedersen and Lederer lost in solar orbit on Apollo mission; John Davis killed by meteoroid strike on orbital observatory.[640][641]
Kennedy II:
Z (Commander) (names not given)

Venus mission:
Joseph "Joe" Jackson/Jack Josephson, Capt. (Commander)
Harry M. Evans, Col. (USAF) (Co-Pilot)
Beyond Apollo (1972), novel Kennedy II (Mars spacecraft)

Unknown (Venus spacecraft)
May 1976

After disastrous manned Mars mission in 1976, two-man Venus mission ends in madness and death.[642]
Ed Townsend (Project Director)
Deborah Townsend (Communications specialist)
Chang Wu (Computer Center staff)
Wagner, Mr. and Mrs. (Algae Ecology biologists) (no first names given)
c. 50 unnamed personnel

David White (Pilot)
Chris Wagner (Technician)
"Cloudlab" (1975), short story Cloudlab (space station)
While on algae-seeding mission from station in Venusian atmosphere, White and Wagner become first humans on Venus when they crash-land on Sagan Mountain.[643]
Goodie, Dr. The Outsiders (1976), comic book NASA:
Alpha Zero
Surgeon injured on mission to Venus who is turned into cyborg by aliens and becomes leader of superhero group.[644][645]
Ted Shaw (Mission Commander)
Nadia Schilling (Germany) (Pilot/Second-in-command)
Maddux Donner (Engineer/Venus lander pilot)
Zoe Barnes (Geologist/Venus lander co-pilot)
Jen Weston Crane (Canada) (Biologist)
Evram "Ev" Mintz, Dr. (Israel) (Physician/Psychiatrist)
Paula Morales (Payload Specialist)
Steven "Wass" Wassenfelder (Physicist)

Mike Goss, Dr. (Flight Director)
Rollie Crane, Cmdr. (CAPCOM)
Claire Dereux, Dr. (Canada) (Flight Surgeon)
Ajay Sharma (India) (Engineer)
Arnel Poe, Ph.D. (Engineer)
Defying Gravity (2009), TV International Space Organization (ISO):
Orion 2
Supply pod

Crossbow (Venus lander)
Talos (Mars lander)

2052 (September – November)
In 2047, ASCANs train for potential assignment to Antares mission. Five years later, Antares departs Earth on grand tour of solar system, starting with Venus. Mission commander Rollie Crane and engineer Sharma are replaced at last minute by backups Shaw and Donner due to mysterious buildups of cardiac plaque. Crew launches from Earth on Orion 2 on September 27, 2052.
E-B command ship:
Ivar (Commander)
Sandrine (no last names given)

Bruno Almeida (Scientist)
Vinicius Santos (Scientist)

HighPoint space station:
Tania Stern
Tom Weatherell
Mason Cline
"Windshear" (2015), short story Euro-Brazilian (E-B) mission:
Command ship
merleta (Lifting body/aerostat)
Recovery dart

HighPoint Industries:
Space station
Landis (aerostat)
Brazilian astronaut Almeida is stranded aboard damaged merleta after collision with recovery dart.[646]
Unknown Russian spacecraft:
Sergei (no last name given)

Yuraj (no last names given)

Jakub Procházka
Spaceman of Bohemia (2017), novel Russia:
Unknown spacecraft
NashaSlava1 (space shuttle)

Space Program of the Czech Republic (SPCR):
JanHus1 (space shuttle)
2018 (April – Winter)
Missions to investigate comet dust cloud between Earth and Venus; Russian missions are secret "phantom" missions. Klara's mother, Dasha Sergijovna, crewed a "phantom" suicide mission with another cosmonaut in 1962, trying to reach Mars.[647]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Samuel A. "Sam" Conrad
Warren Marcusson
"Brothers Beyond the Void" (1952), short story

The Twilight Zone
People Are Alike All Over (1960), TV
Unknown Near Future
Travellers to Mars; Marcusson is killed on landing, Conrad imprisoned by Martians. (In short story Marcusson travels to Mars alone, and his first name is Charles.)[648][649][650]
Mars 1:
Edward "Ed" McCauley, Col. (Commander)
Jim Nichols, Capt.[bv]
Ralph Devers, Maj.

Mars 2:
Edward McCauley, Col. (Commander)
Vic Devery, Maj.
James Nichols, Capt.[bw]
Morrow, Dr. (Scientist)

Tolchek, Col. (Commander)
Gulyt, Maj.
Men into Space
Mission To Mars, Flight To the Red Planet (1960), TV
United States Air Force:
Mars 1
Mars 2

Unnamed spacecraft
c. 1970 – 1980
Initial efforts to reach Mars. Mars 1 aborts flight to rescue Russian crew; Mars 2 lands on Phobos.[565][566]
Harold Barth, Lt Col. (Commander)
Robert L. Greene, Maj. (Doctor)
Saul Moulton, 1st Lt.
Edward Krozney, Capt.
James Wallach, Capt.
Luthern J. White, Capt.
"Whatever Gods There Be" (1961), short story Groundbreaker II Future (Late 20th or early 21st century)
Crew of an early Mars mission who find themselves faced with an agonizing choice after a landing accident forces them to dump weight or be unable to leave the planet.[651]
George Lincoln
John F. Adams
Dwight D. Roosevelt
Thomas Alva Wright
"Harry Protagonist, Brain-Drainer" (1964), short short story NASA:
Project Long Leap
Near Future
Disaster ensues when the minds of millions of Americans are linked to those of the crew of the first Mars mission.[652]
Fred Thomas, Capt. (Commander)
Paul Lazzari, Capt.

Charles "Lucky" Merritt, Maj. (Commander)
James "Jim" Bowman, Lt.
Jack Buckley, Capt.
Frank Johnson, Capt.
The Outer Limits
The Invisible Enemy (1964), TV
Investigating the deaths of the two-man crew of the M-1 mission, the M-2 crew discovers carnivorous creatures living under the Martian sands.[653][654]
Dan "Mac" McReady, Col. (Commander)
Christopher "Kit" Draper, Cmdr. (USN) (Co-Pilot)
Robinson Crusoe on Mars (1964), film Mars Gravity Probe-1 (Elinor M) Future
NASA astronauts visiting Mars; one dies, the other is stranded.[655][656]
Tigran Biryuzov
Five unnamed cosmonauts
The Wanderer (1964), novel First Soviet People's Expedition (three ships) Near Future
Cosmonauts orbiting Mars when artificial planet emerges from hyperspace into Earth orbit.[575]
Walt Dangerfield
Lydia Dangerfield
Dr. Bloodmoney, or How We Got Along After the Bomb (1965), novel Dutchman IV c. 1980s
Mars-bound astronauts trapped in Earth orbit by the outbreak of World War III.[657]
Jack Westermark, Capt.
Eight unnamed crewmembers
"Man In His Time" (1965), short story Unknown (UK?) Near Future (August)
Westermark, sole survivor of first manned Mars mission, finds himself living 3.3077 minutes ahead of Earth time.[658]
Alec Barham, Col. The Outer Limits
The Brain of Colonel Barham (1965), TV
Unknown Near Future
Astronaut dying of leukemia volunteers for project to install his brain in Mars probe.[659]
Kane, Col. (Commander)
"Doc" Harlow, Maj.
Nazarro (Radioman) (No first names given)
The Time Tunnel
One Way To The Moon (1966), TV
Mars Excursion Module (M.E.M.) 4 1978
American astronauts on first manned Mars flight make emergency landing on Moon in Mare Nectaris.[660][661]
American (unnamed)
Russian (unnamed)
Chinese (unnamed)
I tre cosmonauti (a.k.a. The Three Astronauts) (1966), picture book Unknown Future
Three astronauts who land simultaneously on Mars.[662]
Swenson, Col. (Command Pilot)
Reilly, Dr.
(First names not given)
"Pioneer Trip" (1967), short story Unknown c. 1976
Crew of the first manned US mission to Mars, faced with a critical medical emergency five weeks out from Earth.[663]
Friedman, Capt.
Gulliver, Lt.
Haertel (MS)
Unnamed astronauts
Welcome to Mars (1967), novel Project Ares:
Von Braun
Two unnamed sister ships
c. 1980s
After two teenagers get stranded on Mars testing a home made anti-gravity device, NASA is forced to mount a rescue mission using more conventional means.[664]
Shioda, Dr.

Mars mission:
Sano (Captain)
Lisa (Biologist) (US)
Miyamoto (Communications Officer)
Stein, Dr. (Physician)

Rescue rocket:
Michiko, Capt.
The X from Outer Space (1967), film AAB Gamma
Lunar Base
Rescue rocket
Seventh attempted Mars mission after previous missions disappeared. Shioda is replaced by Stein due to illness.[665][666]
Mike Blaiswick, Col. (Pilot)
Nick Grant (Geologist)

Soviet Union:
Three unnamed cosmonauts
Mission Mars (1968), film Unknown Future
American astronauts encounter deadly sphere on Mars.[667][668][669]
Mars Probe 6:
Carrington, Maj.
Jim Daniels

Mars Probe 7:
Joe Lefee
Frank Michaels

Recovery 7:
Charles "Charlie" Van Lyden
Doctor Who
The Ambassadors of Death (1970), TV
Mars Probe Project (UK):
Mars Probe 6
Mars Probe 7
Recovery 7
Contemporary/Near Future
Daniels was killed on Mars by non-Martian aliens during Mars Probe 6 mission, driving Carrington insane. Van Lyden attempts recovery of Lefee and Michaels.
Adrian Fairley (UK)
Four unnamed astronauts

Two unnamed astronauts (US)
Doctor Who
"Soldiers from Zolta" (1970), short story
Two international spacecraft:
Mars Bug
Contemporary/Near Future
Fairley, sole survivor of crash landing of Mars Bug, makes contact with aliens on Mars.[670]
George Cosby, Dr
Ralph Norton, Maj
William O'Brien
Mack Sheldon
Irwin Trott
Allan Watts, Dr
The Earth is Near (1970 (German), 1973 (English)), novel Project Alpha Near Future
Crew of the first manned expedition to Mars.[671]
Henry C. "Hank" Barstow, Col. (Chief of Astronaut Office)
Bertrand L. "Bert" Richmond, Col. (Director of Flight Crew Operations)
Tom Andretti
Bill Desey
Rick Johnson
Dave McWharter
Dick Ohlman
Allan "Al" Samson
Bill Wheatley

Planetary Fleet One:
Conrad H.[bx] "Connie" Trasker, Jr., Col. (USAF) (Mission Commander/MLV Commander)
Alvin S. "Jazz"[by] Weickert III, Cmdr. (USN) (CSV Commander)
J. V. "Jayvee" Halleck, Dr. (MSV Commander)
Petros S. "Pete" Balkis, M.D. (MSV Co-Commander)

Stuart "Stu" Yule, Lt. Col. (CAPCOM)
Roger Webb, Col. (USAF) (Backup CSV Commander)

Planetary Fleet Two:
Conrad H. Trasker, Jr. (Mission Commander/MLV Commander)
Hugo S. "Gaudy" Gaudet, Cmdr. (USN) (CSV Commander)
Emerson "Em" Wacker, Dr. (MSV Commander)
Robert "Bob" Curtis, Dr. (MSV Co-Commander)

Soyuz 19:
Two unnamed cosmonauts
The Throne of Saturn (1971), novel NASA
Space Station Mayflower
Project Argosy:

Planetary Fleet One ("Piffy One"):
Mars Landing Vehicle (MLV) (Santa Maria)
Command-Service Vehicle (CSV) (Nina [sic])
Medico-Scientific Vehicle (MSV) (Pinta)
Mars Landing Module (MLM) (Adventurer)

Planetary Fleet Two ("Piffy Two"):
MLV (Santa Maria)
CSV (Nina)
MSV (Pinta II)
MLM (Adventurer)

Soviet Union:
Space Station Stalin
Soyuz 19 ("Man in the Moon")
Late 1970s (April – January)
First planned Mars mission encounters Soviet interference during test phase at Tranquillity Base on Moon. Trasker is Gemini and Apollo veteran; Weickert flew Gemini mission with Trasker. MLV, CSV and MSV are modified Apollo CSMs with NERVA engines, launched by three Saturn Vs.[672]
Richmond (Commander)
Nine unnamed astronauts

Sam (no last name given)
Two unnamed astronauts
"Transit of Earth" (1971), short story Space Administration (NASA?):
Olympus, Pegasus
May 1984
Crew of lander Pegasus stranded on Mars prior to a transit of Earth across the Sun.[673]
John Phillips

Mars mission:
Brice Randolph, Col.
The Astronaut (1972), TV movie Unknown Near Future
NASA delays disclosure of death of astronaut on a mission to Mars; another man is surgically altered to deceive the wife and the public.[674]
Walter "Bud" Richardson, Col. (Command Pilot)
John "Johnny" Oxenshuer, Capt.
Dave Vogel, Maj.
The Feast of St. Dionysus (1972), novella NASA c. 1990
After Richardson and Vogel die in sandstorm on first manned Mars mission, Oxenshuer seeks spiritual enlightenment in California desert. Mars landing in Solis Lacus.[675]
Phoenix One:
Tadell Hansard (US)
Anoshi Wantanabe (Japan)
Bapti Lal Bose (India)

Phoenix Two:
Feodore Aleksandrovitch Asturnov (Russia)
Dirk Welles (UK)
Bern Callieux (Pan-European Community of Nations)

Space Shuttles:
Unnamed US astronauts
The Far Call (1973), serial; (1978), novel Phoenix Program:
Phoenix One
Phoenix Two
International crew of the first manned mission to Mars.[676][677][678][679]
Unnamed astronaut
Ben Johnson
"The Mars Stone" (1973), short short story Zeus 7:
Near Future
First astronauts on Mars make astonishing discovery.[680]
Jules Fishman, Capt.
Unnamed woman
"Ups and Downs" (1973), short story United States:
Mars Project
Astronaut on first Mars mission finds mysterious woman in his spacecraft.[681]
Albert Michaelson Thorsen, Prof. Marsman meets the Almighty (1975), novelette Unknown
Near Future (Viking landings are referred to in the past tense.)
NASA Exobiologist selected as crew for the first American manned mission to Mars after a remarkable discovery by the first Mars rover in Solis Lacus.[682]
Charles Brubaker, Col.
Peter Willis, Lt. Col.
John Walker, Cmdr.
Capricorn One (1978), film/novel Capricorn One (Apollo-like) Contemporary/Near Future
Astronauts secretly removed from a NASA mission to Mars – aboard a faulty ship – that goes terribly wrong.[683][684]
Prometheus One:
Steve West
Mike (Last name not given)
McManus (First name not given)

Prometheus Two:
Three unnamed astronauts
The Incredible Melting Man (1978), novelization Prometheus Program:
Prometheus One
Prometheus Two
Near Future
Crews of the first American manned missions to Mars, attacked by an unknown force once they land.[bz][685]
Galactic II:
Randolph Stuart, Capt.
Rigby Deems, Lt.
Frank Perlman, Lt.
Phoebe Swedlow, Cmdr.[ca]
Sunstrike (1978), novel Operation Mars:
Galactic I
Galactic II
Flight crew of the first manned US mission to Mars, assigned to a desperate mission to prevent a madman from destroying humanity.[687]
Tom Easton (Commander)
Bill Frager
Michael McKendrick
Meteor (1979), film/novel Challenger-2 Near Future
Astronauts on a spacecraft traveling to Mars that happens to look exactly like Skylab.[688]
Shiraz Mitradati
Petra Greenfield
Leidu, Dr.
"Voices From The Dust" (1980), short story Unknown 2001
Astronauts exploring the Valles Marineris who discover something remarkable.[689]
Ed Christophers
(First names not given for the last four US crew)

Mikhail Aleksander
Vassili Karklin
Anatole Kuznetzov
(First names not given for the last two Russian crew)

Thomas Cavendish
Cesare Montuori
Kristian Niskanen
Axel Lorenz
The Olympus Gambit (1983), novel Eris (renamed Pallas Athene) Near Future
International crew of the first manned mission to Mars.[690]
Neal Braddock, Capt. (US)
David Tremayne (US)
Andrei Kalsinov, Col. (USSR)
Olga Denerenko (USSR)
Kurt Steiner, Maj. (GER)
Phillipe Berdoux, Dr. (FRA)
Dominica Mastrelli (ITA)
Guy Sterling (CAN)
Pamela Cooper (UK)
Murder in Space (1985), TV movie/novel Unknown

Space Shuttle
Delta 216
Near Future
Astronauts and cosmonauts of the International Space Exploration Administration (ISEA) returning from Mars aboard a 'space lab' whose successful mission is suddenly rocked by a series of murders.[691][cb]
Redenbaugh (Commander)
Thomas (Landing party commander)
"The Gods of Mars" (1986), short story Plowshare
NASA astronauts on first manned Mars mission encounter strange alteration of reality. Landing in Chryse Basin.[692][693]
First International Mars Expedition:
Leon Odinga[cc] (Nova Africa) (Chief Engineer)
Unnamed cosmonauts

Second International Mars Expedition:
Unnamed cosmonauts
Fire on the Mountain (1988), novel Pan African Space Administration (P.A.S.A.):

First International Mars Expedition

Second International Mars Expedition:
1954 (Alternate History)

October 1959 (Alternate History)
In alternate history in which John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry in 1859 was successful, cosmonaut Leon is killed in EVA accident on Mars flyby mission. Five years later, Lion makes first manned Mars landing.[694]
Nixon Orbital Park:
Leroy Johnson (National Park Service) (Station Chief)

Mary Poppins:
Natasha Alyosha Katerina Ivanovna Kirov (Captain)
Bass (no first name given) (Second Officer)
Sundiata Cinque Jeffries, M.D. (Third Officer/Chief Medical Officer)
Louis "Lou" Glamour, ASC (Cinematographer)
Cary "FF" Fonda-Fox IV (Movie Star)
Beverly "BG" Glenn (Movie Star)
Greetings Brother Buffalo Gentry (Stowaway)
Voyage to the Red Planet (1990), novel Old Moulmein Pagoda (Columbia-class space shuttle)

National Park Service (owned by Disney-Gerber):
Nixon Orbital Park

Voyager Pictures:
Mary Poppins
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (lander)
c. 2020
First manned Mars mission films motion picture. Landing near Candor Chasm in Valles Marineris canyon system. Bass and Johnson are former NASA astronauts.[695]
Martin Gold, Dr. (Geologist)
Mary Elizabeth Allen, Dr. (Physician)
Lawrence Thompson, Dr. (Physicist)

Young Astronauts:
Genshiro "Gen" Akamasu (Japan)
Sergei Mikhailovich Chuvakin (Russia)
Nathan Long (USA)
Karl Muller (Germany)
Lanie Rizzo (real name Lanie Johnson) (USA)
Noemi Tejas y Velasquez (Venezuela)
Alice Frances Thorne (New Zealand)
Oh Suk "Suki" Long (Japan)
Vikram Singh
Kovi Oldjai
The Young Astronauts (1990), novel Space Shuttle

United Nations To Mars Together program:
Santa Maria
Teenagers compete for opportunity to help colonize Mars.[696]
Viktor Shevchenko (Soviet Union)
Gregory "Greg" Nunn (NASA)
Angel Eyes (1991), novel Odin-Galaktika II Contemporary/Near Future
Aborted first manned flight to Mars. Odin-Galaktika II is launched by SL-17 Energiya with six strap-on boosters.[697]
Dean Irwin, Col. (USAF) (Commander)
Clifford Horner, Capt. (US Army)
John Merritt, Cmdr. (USN)
Valentina Tsarev, Col. (Russia) (Doctor)
Hiroshi Kawahito (Japan) (Computer specialist)
"The Message from Mars" (1992), short story Zeus IV November 2007 – April 29, 2008
The crew of the first manned Mars mission mysteriously fail to leave their spacecraft after returning to Earth.[698][699]
Scott Keller (USA) (Commander)
Sakata (Japan)
Unnamed astronaut
seaQuest DSV
Better Than Martians (1994), TV
Space Command:
When the Wayfarer sinks upon splashdown, seaQuest mounts a rescue mission. Astronauts took Martian core samples from Tharsis Bulge/Olympus Mons.
James (Commander)
Geoff (no last names given)
Unnamed astronaut
"Homecoming" (1995), short story NASA:
Mars 1
Near Future
When nuclear engine fails on approach to Mars, unnamed astronaut kills his crewmates in order to stay alive.[700]
Al Wells (Commander)
Ed Barkley
Pete Claridge, Dr.
The Outer Limits
The Voyage Home (1995), TV
American Space Agency (ASA):
Mars III
Contemporary/Near Future[cd]
First manned Mars mission is infiltrated by ancient alien species. Barkley was first man on Mars.
First Aerospace Squadron (NASA):
Bill Amundsen (Squadron commander)

Phobos One:
Walter Gander (USA) (Commander)
Dmitri Tomasovich (Russia) (No surname given)
Three unnamed astronauts (ESA, Japan, China)

Mars Five:
Walter Gander, Capt. (USA) (Commander)
Olga Trigorin (Russia) (Engineer/First Officer)
Jason Terence (USA) (Pilot/Second Officer)
Narihara "Nari" Nigawa, Ph.D. (Japan) (Mission Specialist)
Ilsa Bierlein (ESA) (Mission Specialist)
Vassily Chebutykin, Ph.D. (Russia) (Mission Specialist)
Dong Te-Hua (China) (Mission Specialist)
Paul Fleurant (France) (Mission Specialist)
Kireiko Masachi (Japan) (Mission Specialist)
Tsen Chou-zung, Dr. (China) (Mission Specialist)
Mark Bene (Yankee Clipper return pilot)

Dean (No surname given), CAPCOM

Mars Five Alpha:
Scotty Johnston (USA) (Pilot)
Robert Prang (USA) (Sedimentologist)
Eight unnamed astronauts (USA, Russia)

Korolev Base:
Yvana Borges (Base manager)
Das "Doc C." Chalashajerian, Dr.
Pete Johnson (USA) (Biophysicist)
Akira Yamada (Japan) (Meteorologist)
Jim Flynn (USA)
Encounter with Tiber (1996), novel Phobos One:
Mars-Earth Return Cycler (MERC) Aldrin
Lander (modified Apollo II)

Mars Five:
Yankee Clipper (SSTO)

Mars Five Alpha:
MERC Aldrin

Korolev Base

On Phobos One mission, Gander and Dmitri make first manned landing on Phobos on December 25, 2018. In 2033, Mars Five and Mars Five Alpha travel to Mars to help excavate alien artifacts near established base in Crater Korolev.[442]
D-prime mission:
Adam Bleeker (CDR)
Ralph Gershon (Mars Excursion Module Pilot [MMP])

Philip "Phil" Stone (CDR)
Natalie B. York, Ph.D. (Mission Specialist [MSP])
Ralph Gershon (MMP)
Voyage (1996), novel NASA:
D-prime mission:
Apollo CSM (New Jersey)
Mars Excursion Module (MEM) 009 (Iowa)

Apollo CSM (Discovery)
Mission Module (Endeavor [sic])
MEM (Challenger)
August 1984 (Alternate History)

March 21, 1985 – November 6, 1986 (Alternate History)
In alternate history, D-prime mission is test flight of Mars lander (MEM) in Earth orbit. Ares flies first manned Mars mission (with Venus flyby for gravity assist); landing at Mangala Vallis in March 1986.[225]
Mars Probe:
Guest (no first names given)

Mars Probe 13:
Alexander "Lex" Christian (Space Defence Division) (Commander)
Albert Fitzwilliam
Madeline Goodfellow

Mars 97:
Richard Michaels, Capt. (Commander)
Andi McCray
Bob Haigh
Claudia (no last name given)
Lewis (no first names given for last four)
Doctor Who
The Dying Days (1997), novel
Mars Probe Project (UK)

Mars 97 (Mars Orbiter/Mars Lander) (UK)

May 1997
Christian, accused of murdering Fitzwilliam and Goodfellow after Mars Probe 13's departure from Mars, escapes in May 1997 after 20 years' imprisonment. At the same time, Mars 97 mission to Mare Sirenum runs into trouble. Grosvenor and Guest made first manned Mars landing at bottom of Olympus Mons during earlier Mars Probe Project.[701]
Mars Voyager:
Boris Brodsky (Russia) (Commander)
Martin A. Chadwick (USA) (Geologist)
Chou Lin (China) (Physicist)
Georgi Maladev (Russia) (Pilot/Navigator)
Adam J. Thompson (USA)
Jeffery Walker, Dr. (Great Britain) (Microbiologist/Physician)
Kishi Yamoto (Japan) (Electronics specialist)

Adam Thompson (USA) (Commander)
Louis Alvarez (Spain) (Pilot)
Matthew C. "Matt" Duncan, Prof. (Canada) (Linguist)
Erica Williams Duncan (USA) (Registered Nurse)
Brian T. Hawkins (Great Britain) (Physicist)
Sanjay Kanti (India) (Electrical engineer)
Valeri Karamov (Russia) (Pilot)
Frank Manzoni (Italy) (Physicist)
Carlos Niemeyer (Brazil) (Communications/computer specialist)
Marina Selveg (Russia)(Microbiologist/Physician)
Henri Talon (France) (Computer specialist)
Sato Tanaka (USA) (Communications)

Frank Morgan (Pilot)
Samantha Jackson (Copilot)

Lunar Colony:
Donald T. Hartman (Director)
Irene Hartman
26 unnamed personnel
The Face on Mars (1997), novel Space Station Prometheus
Mars Voyager
Explorer (lander)

Celeste (refitted Mars Voyager)
Questor (lander)
Lunar shuttle Copernicus
Lunar Colony

The first two manned missions to Mars investigate the mysterious "Cydonia Face", but the second expedition must combat violence from within. First landing near southeast corner of Acidalia Planitia; second landing closer to Face.[702]
Gary Hackman (Computer specialist)
Gordon A. Peacock (Computer specialist)

William "Wild Bill" Overbeck (Commander)
Julie Ford (Mission Specialist/Geologist)
Fred Z. Randall (Computer specialist)
RocketMan (1997), film NASA:
MTS-1 Aries
Pilgrim One (lander)
Contemporary/Near Future
Geeky computer genius Randall is last-minute replacement for Hackman on first manned Mars mission; Peacock is potential alternate replacement. Landing at Planitia Base near Valles Marineris.[703][704]
Patrick Ross, Cmdr. (Captain)
Dennis Gamble
Anne "Annie" Sampas
Species II (1998), film National Space Exploration [?] (N.S.E.G.):
Excursion (incorporates space shuttle)
Lander (Eagle?)
Near Future
Ross, the first man on Mars, and Sampas are infected by alien DNA from Martian soil sample.[705][706]
Lia Poirier (Sagan Commander [Mars])
John Rank (Sagan Commander [Flight])
Andrea Singer (Mission Chemist)
Bill Malone (Mission Architect)
Sergei Andropov (Mission Biogeochemist)
Escape from Mars (1999), TV movie International Mars Venture (IMV):
Two-and-a-half year mission funded by private consortium.[707][708]
Robbie "Robbs" Barth

Mars Consortium:
Katherine Molina (Pilot)
Viktor Nelyubov (Commander)
Marc Bryant (Pilot/Geologist)
Julia "Jules" Barth (Biologist/Medical Officer)
Raoul Molina (Mechanic)

Claudine Jesum (France) (Commander/Medic)
Gerda Braun (Germany) (Engineer)
Lee Chen, Dr. (Exobiologist)
The Martian Race (1999), novel Mars Consortium:
Venture (Mars Landing-Habitat Module [Hab])

Airbus Group:

Earth Return Vehicle (ERV)
February 20, 2016 – March 14, 2018
NASA and ESA astronauts transfer to private companies competing for $30 billion Mars Prize. Consortium crew makes first manned landing on August 9, 2016, in Gusev Crater.[709]
John Mark Kelly, Lt.
Rose Kumagawa
Andrei Novakovich
Star Trek: Voyager
One Small Step (1999), TV
Ares IV 2032
NASA astronauts on an early mission to Mars.
Jesus do Sul:
João Fernando Conselheiro, Ph.D. (Commander)
Unnamed Brazilian astronaut

Seven unnamed astronauts

Don Quijote:
John Radkowski (USAF) (Commander)
Tanisha Yvonne "Tana" Jackson, M.D./Ph.D. (Medical officer/biologist)
Ryan Martin (Canada) (Systems engineer)
Chamlong "Cham" Limpigomolchai, Ph.D. (Thailand) (Geologist)
Estrela Carolina Conselheiro (Brazil) (Geologist)
Brandon Weber (impersonating Trevor Whitman) (Passenger)
Mars Crossing (2000), novel Brazil:
Jesus do Sul

Ulysses (Mars Return Launch Module)
Butterfly (Mars airplane)

Don Quijote
Dulcinea (Mars Return Launch Module)


First three expeditions to Mars, the first two of which result in loss of all crew. Jesus do Sul lands at Martian north pole; Agamemnon lands on eastern rim of Acidalia Planitia; Don Quijote lands on edge of Felis Dorsa. Whitman wins contest for slot on third expedition.[458]
Luke Graham
Renée Coté
Nicholas Willis
Sergei Kirov
Woodrow "Woody" Blake
Jim McConnell
Terri Fisher
Phil Ohlmyer
Mission to Mars (2000), film Unknown c. 2020
NASA astronauts on the first manned mission to Mars and a follow-up mission to rescue them.[710][711]
Lee Forbes, Cmdr.
Susan Roberts
Tanya Webster
Paul Webster
Doctor Who
Red Dawn
(2000), audio play
Ares One 2000s
Crew of privately funded NASA mission. Tanya turns out to be part-Martian.
Kate Bowman, Cmdr. (USN)
Quinn Burchenal, Dr.
Bud Chantilas, Dr.
Robby Gallagher
Chip Pettengil
Ted Santen, Lt.
Red Planet (2000), film Mars-1 2057
Commercially sponsored crew investigates reported oxygen reduction of automated terraforming of Mars. Solar flare complicates mission and landing crew are at mercy of rogue robot.[712][713]
Susan Dillard (Scientist)

Ares 7/10:
Kennedy "Hampster" Hampton (USN) (CDR)
Alexis "Lex" Ohta, Ph.D. (USAF) (PLT)
Valerie "Valkerie" Jansen, M.D., Ph.D. (MS1)
Bob "Kaggo" Kaganovski, Ph.D. (MS2)

Joshua "Josh" Bennett, CAPCOM/Flight Director
Oxygen (2001), The Fifth Man (2002), novels NASA:

Ares 7/10:
Mars Habitation Module (Hab)
Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV)
Earth Return Vehicle (ERV) / Earth Landing Capsule (ELC)
August 14, 2012 – July 4, 2014 (Oxygen)

March 16 – May 9, 2015 (The Fifth Man)
When first manned mission to Mars sustains explosion en route, suspicion runs rampant among the crew that one of them is a saboteur. Launch on January 25, 2014; landing on July 3, 2014 at 30°S 95°E / 30°S 95°E / -30; 95. Eight months later, crew confronts possibility of infection by Martian pathogen.[714][715]
Andre Vishniac (Captain)
Susana "Susan" Sánchez (Pilot/Second-in-command)
Luca Baglioni (Engineer)
Jenny "Jen" Johnson (Physician)
Fidel Rodrigo (Astrobiologist)
Herbert "Herb" Sagan (Geologist)
Lowell (no first name given) (remains on Ares)
Stranded (2001), film NASA/JPL/LMA/ESA:
Ares Mission:
Ares (orbital module)
Bello (descent module)
Crew of first manned Mars mission is stranded after descent module crash-lands near Martian equator and Valles Marineris. Sagan is first man on Mars.[716]
McCarthy (USAF) (Commander)
Sally "Sal" Spirek (USAF) (Medic/Scientist)
Ed Enright, Ph.D. (Geologist)
"Ulla, Ulla" (2002), short story NASA:
2019 – 2022
First manned mission to Mars discovers strangely familiar technology from extinct civilization. McCarthy and Jeffries took part in return Moon mission in 2015. Mars landing on September 2, 2020, in Amazonis Planitia.[717]
Nelson Barnes, Capt. (USAF)
Three unnamed astronauts
John Doe
Illegal Alien (2003), TV
United States Air Force:
Mars Habitat One (Experimental)
February 3 – 7, 2003
Astronaut testing technology for potential Mars mission staggers out of woods and is shot by teenager.[718]
Asaph Hall:
Don Lawson
Sasim Remtulla

Percival Lowell:
Chuck Zakarian (Commander)
Unnamed astronauts
"Mikeys" (2004), short story NASA:
Asaph Hall/Mike Collins Station
Percival Lowell
c. 2039
Arriving on Deimos ahead of planned Mars landing by Percival Lowell, Lawson and Remtulla make major discovery.[719]
Ares I:
Ritter (Captain) (No first name given)
Boris Ivanov (Pilot)
Jeanne Monier (Engineering Physicist)
Roel van Dijk (Planetary Physicist)

Mars Trailblazer I:
Poul Eriksen, Col. (AFSPC) (Captain)
Jacques "Jack" Boutillier, Maj. (USMC Space Division) (Pilot)
Linde Hoerter (Planetary atmosphere specialist)
Nobuo Okita (Japan) (Nuclear Physicist/Engineer)
"Orbital Base Fear" (2004), short story Consortium (NASA, ESA, Russian Federation, Japan):
Mars Expedition I

Consortium (ESA, Russian Federation):
Ares I

NASA/Air Force Space Command/Japan:
Mars Trailblazer I/Orbital Base Phobos
Valkyrie (landing shuttle)
Seven years after failure of Mars Expedition I, Consortium and US crews race to be first on Mars. Trailblazer lands on Phobos near Stickney Crater.[720]
Tom Houst Tom on Mars (2005), short film The Agency:
Delta II
2049 – 2054
After traveling to Mars alone on second manned Mars mission, Houst is told that his girlfriend on Earth never existed.[721]
Sly Delta Honey The Sea of Perdition (2006), short film Mars Expedition Future
Cosmonaut separated from expedition encounters strange creature on Mars.[722]
Glenn Hartwell (US) (Administrator) (International Space Development Agency)
Max "Bull" Teller,[ce] Dr. (US/ISDA) (CAPCOM)

Project Olympus:
Richard "Rick" Erwin, Capt. (USN/ISDA) (Mission Commander)
Mikhail Cerenkov, Maj. (Russian Air Force/ISDA) (Mission Pilot)
Antoine Hébert, Dr. (EU - France/ISDA) (Mission Specialist - Flight Engineer [Nuclear Propulsion])
Jacqueline "Jackie" Decelles, Dr. (Canada/ISDA) (Mission Specialist - Robotics Engineer)
Lucia Alarcon, Maj. (M.D.) (USAF/ISDA) (Mission Specialist - Flight Surgeon)
Hiromi Okuda, Dr. (Japan/ISDA) (Mission Specialist - Astrobiologist)
Race to Mars (2007), TV International Mars Partnership (IMP)
Project Olympus:
Shirase (Cargo Vehicle)
Atlantis (MarsHab)
Gagarin (Mars Ascent/Descent Vehicle)
Terra Nova (Mars Transit Vehicle)
Columbia (Earth Return Capsule)
September 12, 2026 – August 31, 2031
International crew racing Chinese to find water and life on Mars. Hartwell commanded first mission back to Moon; Erwin previously traveled to the Moon. Departure from Earth orbit on January 26, 2030; Mars landing on December 22, 2030 in Dao Vallis; return to Earth on August 31, 2031. Terra Nova is propelled by nuclear thermal rockets.[723]
Mike Goss (Mission Commander)
Ted Shaw
Maddux Donner
Sharon Lewis
Jeff Walker
Defying Gravity (2009), TV International Space Organization (ISO)
Mars 2042:
Calliope (Mars lander)
Calliope lands in Gusev Crater (at 14°36′S 173°30′E / 14.6°S 173.5°E / -14.6; 173.5) with secret goal of recovering alien artifact. Walker becomes first human on Mars, but Shaw and Donner are forced to leave Lewis and Walker behind on surface due to dust storm.
Adelaide Brooke, Cmdr.
Ed Gold
Tarak Ital
Andy Stone
Margaret Cain
Mia Bennett
Yuri Kerenski
Steffi Ehrlich
Roman Groom
Doctor Who
The Waters of Mars (2009), TV
Apollo 34
Bowie Base One
November 21, 2059
First humans on Mars (contradicting earlier Doctor Who stories), menaced by a water-based Martian life-form and destined by history to die. Base located in Gusev Crater.[724]
Annie Norris, Col. (Commander)
Tom Tyler, Maj.
Sam Tyler
Ray Carling
Chris Skelton
Life on Mars
Life is a Rock (2009), TV
Aries Project:
Hyde 1-2-5
Crew travels to Mars in suspended animation, using "neural-stims" to keep brains occupied; as a result, Sam Tyler believes he is time-traveling NYPD detective.
Mitchell Dodd (Scientist)

Christopher Eugene "Chris" Burke, Capt. (USAF) (Commander)
Trisha "Trish" Merriday (USMC) (First Officer)
Terry Kessler (Command Module Pilot)
Owen "Beech" Beechum (Mission Specialist)
Offworld (2009), novel Ares 2031 – 2033
NASA astronauts return from first manned Mars mission to find Earth deserted.[725]
Norman Backus (Pilot)
Roseanne Kim (Scientist)
Denny (no last name given)

James "Jim" Rose, Capt. (Commander/Pilot)
Jed Richards, Col. (First Officer)
José Rodrigues (Science Officer)

Steve Watanabe, Lt. (Pilot)
Abu Jmil (First Officer)
Deborah "Debbie" Quartz (Science Officer)

Brandon Lepper, Capt. (Pilot/Science Officer)
Laurie Corelli, Capt. (First Officer)
Arnold "Arnie" Gilmore, Dr. (Chief Medical Officer)
The Four Fingers of Death (2010), novel NASA:

Earth Return Vehicle (ERV)
September 30, 2025 – October 2026
Small-time writer Montese Crandall novelizes remake of 1963 film The Crawling Hand (q.v.), adding back-story of first manned Mars mission finding flesh-eating bacteria on Mars. Landing near Valles Marineris.[726]
Perry Scott, Cmdr. The Planeteer (2010), short film NASA:
Horizon I
April 22 – 25, 2010
Two-time space shuttle commander Scott helps eleven-year-old locate missing crew of first manned Mars mission.[727]
Tom (Captain)
Chandra (Medical Officer)
Rajuk (no last names given)
Zoë Morrison, Dr. (Astrobotanist)
"Goodnight Moons" (2011), short story NASA:
Sacagawea (return vehicle)
Near Future
Forty days into first manned Mars mission, Morrison learns that she is pregnant.[728]
Unnamed astronaut Last Flight (2011), short film Unknown 2038
Lone survivor of Mars Base during nuclear war on Earth walks through Sinai Dorsa and Noctis Labyrinthus.[729]
Two unnamed astronauts Mars (2011), short film Eleanor (Unnamed fictional country)

Unnamed lander (Unnamed fictional country)
Astronauts from different countries make first Mars landings nearly simultaneously.[730]
Fire Star:
Wen Xiang (China) (Commander)
Cooper Jackson (USA) (Flight Surgeon)
Julie Davis (USA) (Biologist)
Victoria Orlova, Prof. (Russia) (Astrophysicist)
Junior Astronauts:
Nicolas "Nico" Moreau (France)
Aneesa Malik (India)
Unnamed junior astronaut

Mars Base I:
Oscar Schweiger (Chief Mars Settlement Officer)
Ivan (Scientist)
Helena (Scientist)
Gene (Staff engineer)
Unnamed staff
Mars: You Decide How to Survive! (2011), gamebook Fire Star
Mars Base I
Near Future
Junior astronauts join mission to prepare Mars Base I for permanent colonists. Mars Base I located near Valles Marineris and Arsia Mons.[731]
Zoe Barnes (Captain)
Emma Turk, Cmdr. (First Officer)
Emit Barnes, Dr. (Scientist)
Rogers, Nurse (no first name given)
Sam (no last names given)
Unnamed astronauts
D.O.G.S. of Mars (2012), graphic novel Department of Global Surveyors (D.O.G.S.):
Mars Base Bowie
Astronauts on mission to terraform Mars are attacked by nocturnal Martian creatures.[732]
Project Emergence:
Bahe, Gen. (Navajo Nation)
P. Clarke (Corporate Official)
Unnamed guard

Tazbah Redhouse, Cdr. (Pilot) (Navajo Nation)
Tobias Smith, Dr. (Omnicorn Corporation)
The 6th World: An Origin Story (2012), TV
International Space Station

Project Emergence:
First mission to colonize Mars uses genetically engineered corn. Gen. Bahe is an experienced astronaut.[733]
Elma York, Dr.
The Lady Astronaut of Mars (2012), novelette

"Rockets Red" (2015), short story
First Mars Expedition

Longevity Mission
1952 – 1954 / 1980s (Alternate History)

1974 (Alternate History)
In alternate history in which asteroid struck Washington, D.C., in mid-20th century, York took part in First Mars Expedition in 1952. Thirty years later, she is chosen for Longevity Mission to exoplanet LS-579.[734][735]
J.T. (Canada) (no last name given) Man On Mars (2012), short film Unknown Near Future
Astronaut launching for 506-day mission to Mars.[736]
Jeff (Scotland)
Two unnamed astronauts
Phone Home (2012), short film NASA Future
Astronaut calls his wife from Mars.[737]
Lisa Animation Domination High-Def
The Dumbest Girl on Mars (2013), TV
NASA Future
Astronaut sent to establish Mars base stupidly takes off her helmet.[738]
Unnamed Mission Commander
Three unnamed astronauts
Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs 3: Planet of the Pies (2013), picture book NASA Contemporary/Near Future
Astronauts discover "thick, glutinous substance" falling from the sky on Mars.[739]
Bradley Emerson Elliott, Maj. The Eye With Which The Universe Beholds Itself (2013), novella Repurposed Skylab as transfer vehicle, with LM for the surface landing 1979 (Alternate History)
Mission to Mars based on RR Titus's Flyby-Landing Excursion Module proposal of 1966.
Tantalus base:
Charles Brunel (Canada) (Commander)
Kim Aldrich (UK) (Geologist)
Vincent "Vince" Campbell (USA) (Chief Systems Officer)
Lauren Dalby (UK) (Medic)
Richard "Harry" Harrington (UK) (Communications)
Robert Irwin (UK)
Rebecca Lane (UK) (Biochemist)
Marko Petrovic (Serbia)

Aurora relief team:
Unnamed astronauts
The Last Days on Mars (2013), film International Space Commission (ISC):

Aurora Mars Mission 2:
Tantalus base
Aurora lander
Martian explorers discover life, with disastrous results.[740][741]
Unnamed commander
Three unnamed astronauts
Mousetronaut Goes to Mars (2013), picture book NASA:
Galaxy Rocket
Mars landing craft
Near Future
Mouse named Meteor becomes first Earthling on Mars after landing craft engine fails, preventing human crew from landing. Sequel to Mousetronaut: Based on a (Partially) True Story (q.v.).[742]
Kirk "Andy" Anderson (Pilot)

Orbital Seven:
Drew Bantry (Commander)
Kristen Zhang
Unnamed personnel
"The Promise of Space" (2013), short story Spaceways:
Unknown (Mars missions)
Orbital Seven
c. 2030s – June 2051
Anderson, the first man on Phobos and veteran of two Mars missions, develops Alzheimer's-like symptoms after flying rescue mission to Orbital Seven during solar flare.[743][744]
Samuel Michaels, Capt. (Commander) Among the Stars (2014), short film Artemis-939 Future
Sole survivor of mission to establish life on Mars records final message in escape pod.[745]
Unnamed astronaut Delivery from Earth (2014), short film Unknown Future
Astronaut from Gallup, New Mexico is first person to give birth on Mars.[746]
Diomedes 1:
Mark Allen (Mission Commander)
Daniel "Dan" Pryor (Biosystems Engineer)
Emily Turner (Mars Module Pilot)
Delta-V (2014), short film NASA:
Project Diomedes
Near Future
Former space shuttle commander Allen is offered one-way flight to Mars.[747]
Shuttle 1:
Phil Miller (Pilot)
Steven Drake, Dr.
Last Sunrise (2014), short film Micronesia Unilateral Space Fund (MUSF):
RedThesis (Mars colony)
Shuttle 1
Shuttle 2
Phobos Base Control Center
Near Future
Astronaut from colony featured in reality TV show is running out of oxygen on Martian surface. Colony located in Hellas Planitia.[748]
Gloria "Glory Hallelujah" Hazeltine (Mission Commander)
Ernie Roebuck (Chief Communications Engineer)
Unnamed lead biologist
Unnamed astronauts

Excursion 3 (E-3):
Patrick "Pat" O'Connor (Team Leader)
Jacob "Jake" Bernstein (Geologist)
Rashid Faiyum (Geologist)
"Mars Farts" (2014), short story Unknown Late 21st century (after 2076)
After meteor shower, Excursion 3 team is stranded near Viking 2 landing site in Utopia Planitia. Mission base at Tithonium Chasma; Excursion 1 site near Olympus Mons.[749]
Melissa Lewis (Commander/Geologist)
Rick Martinez, Maj. (Pilot)
Chris Beck, Dr. (Physician/Biologist/EVA Specialist)
Beth Johanssen (Sysop/Reactor Tech)
Alex Vogel (Germany/European Union) (Chemist/Navigator)
Mark Richard Watney,[cf] Ph.D. (Botanist/Mechanical Engineer)
The Martian (2014), novel; The Martian (2015), film NASA:

Ares 3:
Mars Descent Vehicle (MDV)
Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV)
Sandstorm forces crew to evacuate landing site in Acidalia Planitia, leaving Watney, who is erroneously believed dead, stranded on Mars. In film Martinez is also member of Ares V crew.[cg][750][751][752]
Bart Saxby (NASA chief administrator)
Nathan "Nate" Brice (Flight Director)

Benson "Bee" Benson (Canada) (Command Pilot)
Ted Connover, Ph.D. (USAF) (Pilot)
Catherine Clermont, Dr. (France) (Geologist)
Virginia "Jinny" Gonzalez (Communications Specialist)
Amanda "Mandy" Lynn (USA) (Biologist)
Hiram "Hi" McPherson (Geologist)
Taki Nomura, Dr. (Japan) (Physician/Psychologist)
Mikhail "Mike" Prokhorov (Russia) (Meteorologist)
Rescue Mode (2014), novel NASA:

Hercules (Mars lander)
Fermi (unmanned lander/surface habitation module)
August 2032 – December 2035
First manned Mars mission is imperiled by meteoroid impact. Saxby and Brice are former astronauts; Connover is an ISS and International Moon Base veteran. Launch from Earth orbit on April 5, 2035; landing on November 5, 2035, in Elysium Planitia.[753]
Ned Crater (Commander)
Flo Comet (Engineer)
Alex Nova (Lander Pilot)
Izzy Stardust (Science Officer)
Lem Cosmos (Engineer)
Space Quest: Mission to Mars (2014), picture book Space Quest:
Unnamed rocket
Memphis (Mars lander)
Astronauts land on Mars as first stage of mission to explore Solar System. Landing near Valles Marineris.[754]
Unnamed commander
Tom Richwood, Sgt. Maj. (Pilot/Systems Engineering Specialist)
Rusham Haroun, Dr. (Bioscience Officer)
Angela Olvera
Mikhail Dankov
The Wrong Stuff (2015), TV
Mars 2018 Project:
Tenzing Norgay (simulator)
Navy and NASA veteran Richwood is murdered during simulation of privately funded mission to Martian northern lowlands.[755]
Samuel Ko "The Drones" (2015), short short story Unknown Future
First man on Mars arrives in shelter built by insect-like drones.[756]
T. Rymann
S. Hartley
Mars 299 792 458 m s 1 (2015), short film France December 9, 2034
Chaotic situation on Mars.[757]
Ed (no last name given) MARS-3 (2015), short film Mars X December 2, 1971 / 2038
Astronaut seeking to recover data from Soviet Mars 3 lander in Ptolemaeus Crater.[758]
Taylor Richards (Orbiter pilot)
"Hud" Hudson
Red Mission (2015), short film Mars Red II (Recon Orbiter/Lander) July 19, 2053
After Hudson and Bowman make first manned landing on Mars, all three astronauts are abducted and placed in artificial Earth-like environment.[759]
Anuli (NASA) (M1)
Gil (ISSM)
Red Pearl (2015), short film Orion
International Space Station Mars (ISSM)
Mars habitat
US astronaut who grew up in Nigeria explores rim of Victoria Crater. Space station is similar to ISS, but in Martian orbit.[760]
Karie Chen (Commander)
Unnamed pilot
Three unnamed scientists

Pilgrim 2:
Daniel "Danny" Chen
Four unnamed astronauts

Pilgrim 3:
Karie Chen
Jonah Brennerman
James "Jim" Krueger
Treva Hilgar
"Tribute" (2015), short story NASA:
Pilgrim 1 (Mars habitat)
Pilgrim 2

Nova Branson Corporation:
Pilgrim 3
c. 2050
Deaths of Pilgrim 2 crew end manned spaceflight by NASA; Daniel Chen's sister Karie follows him to Mars on privately funded mission. Karie Chen previously commanded Phoenix mission to asteroid placed in lunar orbit. Krueger and Hilgar are former NASA astronauts.[761]
William D. Stanaforth, Capt.

Emily Maddox, Capt.

Worsley (Captain)
Greenstreet (no first names given)
Approaching the Unknown (2016), film Romulus Mission:

Endurance (space station)
Near Future
Astronauts on one-way trip to Mars in separate spacecraft.[762][763]
European Space Programme:
Angelo Chavez (US)
Marlon Habila, Dr. (Nigeria)

New Dawn:
Toby Soyinka (Second communications officer) (UK)
Unnamed astronauts

Second Wind:
Vinnie Cameron
Zhanna Sorokina
Ken Toh
Jocelyn Tooker
The Art of Space Travel (2016), novelette European Space Programme:
New Dawn
Hoffnung 3 (space station)

Second Wind

c. 2077
New Dawn, launched for Mars in June 2047, exploded, killing its crew. Thirty years later, Second Wind crew prepares for second attempted Mars mission.[764]
Ben Sawyer (Mission Commander/Systems Engineer) (US)
Hana Seung (Mission Pilot/Systems Engineer) (US)
Marta Kamen (Geologist/Exobiologist) (Russia)
Robert Foucault, Ph.D. (Mechanical Engineer/Roboticist) (Nigeria)
Javier Delgado (Hydrologist/Geochemist) (Spain)
Amelie Durand (Mission Physician/Biochemist) (France)
Mars (2016), TV Daedalus 2033
Mission to establish first colony on Mars. Sawyer and Seung are NASA veterans.[765][766]
Lee Maynard, Lt Col. (Commander)
Emma Grant

Ares 5:
Francois (no last names given) [ch]
Shiela (no last names given) [ci]
4 unnamed astronauts
"Steel Eye" (2016), short story Ares Program:

Ares 4[cj]

Ares 5

Equinox (Mars habitat)
Near Future
NASA astronauts on the first manned orbital mission to Mars, who find themselves faced with an agonizing choice when the engine that was supposed to allow their return to Earth fails.[767]
Theresa Clarke, Capt. (Canada) (Commander)
Dominique Henry, Dr. (OG-GYN) (US)
Li Rong, Dr. (China) (Planetologist)
Laima Miškinis (Lithuania)
Renata Romero (Mexico)
Seven unnamed astronauts
Aloysius Koch
Women Are from Mars (2016), web series The SisterShip Mars Colonizing Mission:
Deja Thoris [sic]
Near Future ("Stardate 7.3")
12-woman crew (six scientists, six civilians) on one-way trip to colonize Mars. Clarke is an experienced astronaut.[768]
Sergei Kuznetzov (Russia) (Co-Commander)
Helen Kane (US) (Co-Commander)
Yoshihiro "Yoshi" Tanaka (JAXA) (Co-Commander)

Backup crew:
Dev Patek (US)
Nora (US)
Ty (US) (no last names given for last two)

Weilai 3:
Yu Chen
Meifeng Guo
He Liu
Mingli Sheng
The Wanderers (2017), novel Prime Space
Eidolon (mission simulation)

Primitus (Earth-to-Mars vehicle)
Red Dawn (Earth Return Vehicle)
Red Dawn II (contingency ERV)

Weilai 3
Near Future
Astronauts undertake 17-month simulated Mars mission for private company; simulated landing near Arsia Mons. Meanwhile, Weilai 3 crew die in cockpit fire on way to Moon. All three members of MarsNOW prime crew are ISS veterans; Tanaka and former ISS commander Kuznetzov are NEEMO veterans. Former NASA astronaut Kane flew with cosmonaut named Yusef on her second ISS mission.[769]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
K. "Fuj" Fuji (Japan)
F. Glenn (USA)
Invasion of Astro-Monster (a.k.a. Monster Zero) (1965), film World Space Agency[ck] (WSA):
Spaceship P-1
196X [sic]
Astronauts on mission to "Planet X", newly discovered satellite of Jupiter.[770][771]
Bramley, Capt.
Weeke (F/O)
Rand, Cmdr.
38 unnamed astronauts
Plague from Space (1965), novel Pericles Near Future?
Crew of the first mission to land on Jupiter. The sole survivor returns to Earth carrying a deadly disease. Revised as The Jupiter Plague (1982).[772]
David "Dave" Bowman, Dr. (Commander)
Frank Poole, Dr. (Co-Pilot)
Charles Hunter, Dr.
Jack R. Kimball, Dr.
Victor F. Kaminsky, Dr.
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), film/novel National Council of Astronautics (US):
Discovery One
1999 – 2001[cl]
Astronauts on a mission to find an alien artifact near Jupiter (on Iapetus in the book, and Kimball was renamed Whitehead).[773][774][775]
Guy Crayford, Cmdr. Doctor Who
The Android Invasion (1975), TV
XK-5 Space Raider Contemporary/Near Future
UK Senior Space Defence astronaut vanished, presumed dead, on Jupiter mission. Saved by Kraal alien race who use him in their plans for invasion of Earth.
Alexei Leonov:
Tanya Kirbuk (Soviet Air Force) (Commander)
Vladimir Rudenko
Vasili Orlov, Dr.
Maxim "Max" Brailovsky
Irina Yakunina
Heywood R. Floyd, Dr.
R. Chandra, Dr.
Walter Curnow, Dr. (Engineer)

Chang, Professor (First name not given)
Lee, Dr. (First name not given)
Three unnamed astronauts
2010: Odyssey Two (1982), novel
2010 (1984), film
Alexei Leonov

Tsien (China)
Astronauts on a follow-up mission to Jupiter to investigate the loss of Discovery One. Tsien makes disastrous first manned landing on Europa.[776]
Mac McGuire
Marjorie "Marj" Aubuchon (Surgeon)
Ed Iseminger

Herman Selma (Mission commander)
Catherine "Cathie" Perth (Journalist)
Rob Sawyer

Victor Landolfi
Esther Crowley
Unnamed astronaut

Catherine Perth:
Ed Iseminger
Unnamed crew
Promises to Keep (1984), short story The Program:
Tolstoi (three Athena vehicles)

Catherine Perth
Future (December)
Expedition to Jovian system in three linked vehicles. Catherine Perth, equipped with fusion engine, is built for rescue mission to be launched six years later. Frank Steinitz is named as commander of first Saturn expedition aboard five Athena vehicles (including Amity, Greenswallow and Tolstoi) fifteen years earlier.[777][778]
Jacob Hols
Juliet "Julie" Burton
Martha Kivelsen
The Very Pulse of The Machine (1998), short story First Galilean Satellites Exploratory Mission Future (Late 21st century?)
First manned landing on Io leads to major discoveries and tragedy. Landing site near Daedalus.[779][780]
Hachirota Hoshino
Werner Locksmith
Hakim Ashmead
Kho Cheng-Shin
Goro Hoshino
Planetes (2003), anime Von Braun 2075
First manned space mission to Jupiter.
Matthew David "Matt" (Commander) (no last name given)
Kara Elizabeth (Exobiologist) (no last name given)
Jeff "Wink" Winkermann
The Constellation of Sylvie (2005), novel NASA:
Heartland (CSM/LEM)
Near Future (2032 – 2040?)[cm]
First manned mission to Jupiter gathers ice containing biomorphing microbes from Jovian moon, causing crew to revert to childhood. Landing near Mount Pwyll.[781]
Kim Kronotska, Cmdr.
Tom Braudy
Samuel (no last name given)
Doctor Who
Memory Lane (2006), audio play
Led Zeppelin IV 2010s (?)
Commonwealth Space Programme mission to Jupiter that goes wrong.
Michael Forrest (Commander/Pilot)
Nathaniel "Nathan" Miller (Biologist/Geologist/Oceanographer/Doctor)
Astronaut: The Last Push (2012), film Moffitt Industries:
Life One
"Little Ahab" (submersible)
Near Future
Mission to Europa with Venus gravity assist goes wrong when micrometeoroid strikes spacecraft.
Dun "William" Xu (Commander)
Rosa Dasque (Pilot/Archivist)
Daniel "Dan" Luxembourg, Dr. (Chief Science Officer)
Katya Petrovna, Dr. (Science Officer)
Andrei Blok (Chief Engineer)
James Corrigan (Engineer)
Europa Report (2013), film Europa Ventures:
Europa One
Near Future
First manned mission to Europa discovers life under the ice. Landing in Conamara Chaos, near Thera Macula and Thrace Macula.[782]
Unnamed astronaut Voice Over (2013), short film Unknown Future
Astronaut trying to reach oxygen supply after crash landing, possibly on one of Jupiter's moons.[cn][783]
Gordon Harper, Ph.D. (Commander) (USAF)
Tal (Pilot/Physicist)
Nisha T. Devi (Engineer) (India)
Ivanov (Astrogeologist/Physician) (Russia)
"Sully" Sullivan, Ph.D. (Mission Specialist)
Thebes (Engineer) (South Africa)
Good Morning, Midnight (2016), novel Shuttle

Landing modules

International Space Station
Future (21st century)
Astronauts returning to Earth from Jupiter after losing contact with Mission Control; made landings on Ganymede and Callisto. Harper and Sullivan are ISS veterans; Harper holds world record for greatest number of spaceflights.[784]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Shaun Geoffrey Christopher (a.k.a. Sean Geoffrey, Sean Jeffrey, Sean Jeoffrey), Col. (Commander)
Shirin Ludden, Cmdr. (Pilot)

Lewis & Clark:
Shaun Geoffrey Christopher (Commander)
Alice Fontana, Capt. (Canada) (Co-Pilot)
Marcus O'Herlihy, Dr.
Star Trek
Tomorrow Is Yesterday (1967), TV

Star Trek
The Rings of Time (2012), novel
Space Shuttle

U.S.S. Lewis & Clark
June 2020 – January 2021
The first "probe" to travel from Earth to Saturn.[785][786][787][788]
Steve West, Col. The Incredible Melting Man (1977), film Scorpio V Future
Astronaut whose physiology is horribly altered due to radiation exposure during the first mission to Saturn.[789]
Cirocco "Rocky" Jones, Capt. (Mission Commander)
Bill (Chief Engineer) (no last name given)
Calvin Greene, Dr. (Surgeon/Biologist/Ecologist)
Gaby Plauget (Astronomer)
April 15/02 Polo (Physicist)
August 3/02 Polo (Physicist)
Eugene "Gene" Springfield (Satellite Excursion Module Pilot)
Titan (1979), novel NASA
DSV Ringmaster
NASA astronauts who discover alien artifact in orbit around Saturn. The Polo sisters are clones.[790]
Jean Broberg (Physicist)
Mark Danzig (Chemist)
Luis Garcilaso (Pilot)
Colin Scobie (Geologist)
The Saturn Game (1981), novella Moon lander c. 2057
Expedition from colony-size ship Chronos makes first manned landing on Iapetus, but is endangered by expedition members' absorption in a fantasy role-playing game.[791][792]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Eric Nilsson, Cmdr. (Denmark)
Don Graham, Capt.
Karl Heinrich, Lt. Cmdr. (Astrogator)
Barry O'Neill (Ireland) (Communications Officer)
Svend Viltoft (Chief Engineer)
Journey to the Seventh Planet (1962), film United Nations:
Explorer 12
Astronauts on Uranus encounter dangers drawn from their own minds.[793][794]
Unnamed astronaut The Old Astronaut (2014), short film NASA Future
Elderly veteran of missions to Mercury, Venus and Mars plots to crash spacecraft into Uranus.[795]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Event Horizon:
John Kilpack (Captain)
Chris Chambers
Ben Fender
Janice Reuben
Dick Smith

Lewis & Clark:
S.J. Miller, Capt.
M.I. Starck, Lt. (Executive Officer)
T.F. "Coop" Cooper (Rescue Technician)
D.J. (EMS/Trauma) (no last name given)
F.M. "Baby Bear" Justin (Engineering)
Peters (Medical Technician) (no first name given)
W.F. "Smitty" Smith (Pilot)
William "Billy" Weir, Dr. (IASA)

Rescue 1:
Unnamed crewmembers
Event Horizon (1997), film Daylight Station (space station)
Event Horizon

US Aerospace Command (U.S.A.C.):
Lewis & Clark
Rescue 1
Event Horizon launched in 2040 on mission to Proxima Centauri with experimental "gravity drive"; disappears on January 23, 2040. The ship reappears in Neptune space in 2047; Lewis & Clark is sent to investigate. Dr. Weir was the Event Horizon's designer. Edmund "Eddie" Corrick, a bosun, served with Miller on the Goliath and was killed in an onboard fire.[796]

Asteroid/comet deflection[edit]

Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Unnamed CSM/LM:
Thomas Alvar Nicols, Maj.
Van Druten
Riley (first names not given)

Richard Bradford Ridge, Maj. (Commander)
David Priestly (Co-Pilot)
Marvin Leisen (Navigator)
Jim O'Toole
Archie Carfagno

Thomas Alvar Nicols, Maj. (Co-Pilot)
Richard Bradford Ridge, Maj. (Pilot)
The Hermes Fall (1978), novel Apollo
Unnamed CSM/LM
Orpheus (CSM)

Space Shuttle
A NASA moonflight veteran and the commander of the first space shuttle mission are sent on a desperate mission to prevent the asteroid Hermes crashing into the Earth.[797]
Floyd Hartwell
Andrew Bukowski, Capt. (Air Force Astronaut Wing)
Leonard Dmetriev (USSR)
Unnamed Chinese astronaut
Impact! (1979), novel Argonaut XX Contemporary?
International astronauts on a mission to prevent an asteroid impacting Earth.[798]
Marlena Glenn, Lt.

Mark Blaze, Col. (Commander)
Andrea Steele, Maj.
He-Man and the Masters of the Universe
Visitors From Earth (1984), TV
Spaceplane Future
Astronauts on mission to destroy "magnetic meteor" accidentally travel through wormhole to Eternia. Lt. Glenn had previously disappeared and become Queen of Eternia.[799]
Terrence "the Trance"

Boston "Boz" Low (Commander)
Ken Borden (Copilot)
Cora Miles (Mission Specialist)
Ludger Brink, Prof. (EEC) (Mission Specialist)
Maggie Robbins (Journalist)
The Dig (1995), video game/novel Space Shuttle
Near Future
Mission to stabilize orbit of mysterious asteroid. Low is a five-time shuttle veteran who made emergency landing aboard Enterprise. Scientist Brink spent months aboard space station Mir II.[800][co]
Atlantis crew:
William Sharp, Col. (CMR)
Jennifer Watts (PLT)
Gruber (Nuclear Tech)
Charles 'Chick' Chapple
Max Lennert
Harry Stamper
Davis, Col. (CMR)
Tucker (PLT)
Halsey, Lt. (Nuclear Tech)
Oscar Choi
A.J. Frost
Jayotis 'Bear' Kurleenbear
Freddy Noonan
Lev Andropov
Armageddon (1998), film Space Shuttle

X-71 Military Space Shuttles:

Mir (greatly expanded)
Atlantis destroyed by meteoroids preceding asteroid on collision course with Earth. X-71s each with 3 crew and 4 person drilling teams refuel at Mir, rescue Andropov from its destruction.[802]
Spurgeon "Fish" Tanner, Capt.
Oren Monash (Pilot)
Andrea "Andy" Baker
Gus Partenza, Dr.
Mark Simon
Deep Impact (1998), film Space Shuttle

Near Future
Astronauts on mission to destroy an oncoming comet.[803]
Gus Malone (CAPCOM)

Unnamed astronauts
Nemesis (1998), novel Space Shuttle Contemporary
Astronauts on mission to deflect an oncoming asteroid.[804]
Claire Daughenbaugh, Capt. (USN) (Physician/Rukh carrier aircraft crew)
Doug Waterhouse

Samson "Sam" Quinn, Gen.[cp] (USAF) (Commander)
Charles Stuart "Charley" Loomis, Cdre. (USN) (Second-in-command/Weapons officer)
John "Jack" Bernstein, Dr. (Physicist/Physician)
Stephen Edmunson, Maj. (USAF) (Weapons officer)
Martin "Marty" Tillery, Cmdr. (USN) (Engineer/Physicist)

May Sherbourne Wyndham (Pilot/Rocket scientist)
Mycroft Yellowhorse (aka William Connors; born Guillaume Olivier Connors) (JNAIT Council of Chiefs Director-at-large)
Tobias Desmond "Toby" Glyer, Dr. (Engineer/Physician)
Alice Johnson (Security consultant)
The Goliath Stone (2013), novel NASA:
Envoy (40-V air launch to orbit spaceplane)

Joint Negotiating Alliance of Indian Tribes (JNAIT):
Firebird (40-V air launch to orbit spaceplane)
June 2052
Crews racing to intercept asteroid being returned to Earth by nanites.[805]
James "Jim" Wheeler, Capt. (USMC)
Gordon, Dr. (Pentagon) (Physicist)
Clayton, Sgt. (Reconnaissance)
Cabrera, Cpl. (Demolitions)
Southard, Lt. (Communications)
Fitzpatrick (Pilot)
Sanchez (US Army) (Pilot)

Other SI-22s:
Magowan, Gen. (Pilot)
"Mac" McCanless, Col. (USAF) (Pilot)
Unnamed pilots
Age of Tomorrow (2014), film SI-22 Asteris [sp.?] (space shuttle)
Unnamed SI-22s
Contemporary/Near Future
Crew of mission to destroy asteroid is transported through wormhole to alien planet.[806]


Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Sky Masters, Maj. Sky Masters of the Space Force (1958–61), comic Unknown Near Future
Astronaut in the United States Space Force (USSF).
United States:
Edward "Ed" McCauley, Col.
William "Bill" Smith, Lt.
Lester Forsythe, Capt.
Donald Michaels, Capt.
Warnecke, Maj. (Dr.) (Physician)
William Thyssen, Dr. (Scientist)
Barrett, Capt.
Stacy Croydon, Dr. (Scientist)
Emory, Maj.
Draper, Capt.
Briggs, Maj.
Gibbie Gibson, Maj.
Bob Stark, Capt.
Horton, Dr. (Physicist)
Randolph, Dr. (Biologist)
Murphy, Lt. (Space Station Astra Executive Officer)
Hamilton, Dr. (Astronomer)
Stoner, Col.
Nick Alborg, Maj.
Bill Alborg, Lt. Col.
Art Frey, Lt.
Jerry Rutledge, Lt.
Franklin, Maj.
Williams, Capt.
Eden, Lt. (Navigator)
Paul Ellis, Maj. (Dr.) (Physician)
Muriel Catherine Gallagher, Dr. (Astronomer)
Caleb Fisk, Dr. (Astronomer)
Torrance Alexander, Dr. (Astronomer)
Arnold Rawdin, Dr. (Scientist)
Vern Driscoll, Lt. Col.
Summers, Maj. (Spacecraft commander)
Lewsham, Capt.
Johnny Farrow, Capt.
Swanson, Capt.
Bowyers, Maj.
Steven Hawkes, Maj. (Psychologist)
Thomas Ward, Capt. (Dr.) (Physician)
Canell, Maj. (Space Station Astra Executive Officer)
Fred Jones, Cpl.
Grinder, Sgt.
Saunders, Amn.
Luraski, Dr. (Geophysicist)
Ron Benson, Capt. (Communications Officer)
Hodges, Maj.
Bob King
"Tex" Nolan, Maj.

Tom Hetherford, Grp Cpt (Vega commander)
Sopwith, Flt Lt (Vega co-pilot)
Neil Bedford-Jones, Lt (MR co-pilot)
Men into Space (1959–60), TV United States Air Force:
Space Station Astra
Skyra mission
Reentry tests
Tanker Able
L78-1 missions

British National Space Agency (UK):
Project Vega
MR (rescue mission)
c. 1970–1980
Future astronauts build and crew space station and fly near-Earth missions, including landings on asteroids Skyra and L78-1.[565][566]
Lunar Base 1:
Lansfield, Col.
Beecher, Capt.
Cutler, Lt.
White, Lt.
Unnamed personnel

Pegasus 3:
Leonard, Capt. (Pilot)
Webb, Lt. (Navigator)

Pegasus 4:
Frank Chapman, Capt. (Pilot)
Ray Makonnen, Lt. (Navigator)
The Phantom Planet (1961), film United States Air Force:
Lunar Base 1
Pegasus 3 (Flight 361)
Pegasus 4
1980 (from March 16)
Astronauts who investigate mysteriously appearing planet Rheton.[807][808][809]
Dead astronauts:
Merril (1998)
Pokrovski (1999)
Brodisnek (no first names given)
Roger Woodward

Travis (no first/last name given)
The Cage of Sand (1962), short story Unknown 1998
21st century
Seven dead astronauts orbiting Earth in their slowly reentering space capsules. Merril and Pokrovski failed to reach launching platforms in Earth orbit; Woodward died testing new launching platform. Travis was rookie astronaut for civilian company whose courage failed during launch countdown.[810][811]
United States:
Scott, Capt. (no first name given)
Unnamed astronaut
Unnamed sergeant

Eastern Space Patrol:
Vaslov, Maj. (no first name given)
Colormation Screen Test (1962), short film International Space Commission:
Wheel 4 (Space station)

Eastern Space Patrol:
Red Star Patrol
Near Future
US astronaut tells Congressional committee about recent events in space.[812]
Euro-American rocket:
George Larson (Captain)
Mike Fawsett (Vice-captain)
Tom Fiske (U.S. Army)
Uli Reinbach

Russo-Chinese rocket:
Nuri Bakovsky (Red Army) (Captain)
Ivan Kratov (Red Army)
Alexander "Alex" Pitoyan (Scientist)
Tara Ilyana
Fifth Planet (1963), novel Euro-American rocket

Russo-Chinese rocket
c. 2087 (May) – 2089
Rival missions to Achilles, the fifth planet of Helios, a star passing through Earth's solar system. Ilyana is the first woman in space.[813]
Clark Benedict, Maj. (Station Commander)
Mike Doweling, Capt.
Kenneth Gavin, Lt.
Gordon Halper, Lt. (Physician)
Rupert Lawrence Howard, Lt.
The Outer Limits
Specimen: Unknown (1964), TV
United States Air Force/Department of Space Travel
Project Adonis:
Space station
Shuttlecraft 1010 (Space Shuttle Flight 572-3XA)
Near Future
Space station crew imperiled by deadly alien plants.[814][815]
Zeus IV
Glyn Williams
Dan "Bluey" Schultz

Zeus V
Terry Cutler, Lt.
Doctor Who
The Tenth Planet (1966), TV
International Space Command (ISC):
Zeus IV
Zeus V
December 1986 (2000 in some sources)
Astronauts in Earth-orbital spacecraft similar to Gemini. Zeus IV explodes, killing Williams and Schultz; Zeus V had already been launched for rescue attempt.
Gary Jason, Col. Jigsaw (1966), comic book series Earth Space Force:
Stargazer One
Contemporary/Near Future
Astronaut injured in space is rescued by aliens and turned into the superhero Jigsaw.[816]
Unnamed astronaut Yonggary (1967), film NSRC (Republic of Korea):
Rocket #7X (one-man capsule)
Near Future
Korean astronaut on reconnaissance flight to monitor mid-East nuclear test.[817][818]
Valentina Prokrovna (Russia)

Robert Hamilton (USA)
The Dead Astronaut (1968), short story Unknown Near Future
Two of twelve dead astronauts left orbiting Earth in their respective spacecraft. Hamilton was carrying atomic weapon on military mission.[819][820]
P One
Morrison, Col.
Drew, Maj.
Hollis, Capt. (First names not given)

P Two
McCullough, Lt. Col.
Walters, Maj.
Berryman, Capt. (First names not given)
All Judgement Fled (1969), novel Prometheus Project
P One
P Two
Near Future
Astronauts dispatched to make first contact with an alien spacecraft.[821]
Andros V
Unnamed American astronauts

Zond 19
Unnamed Soviet cosmonauts
The Andromeda Strain (1969), novel Andros Project
Andros V

Zond Project
Zond 19
Near Future
Astronauts killed when the Andromeda organism destroys the heat shields of their spacecraft on re-entry.[822]
Fred Hoffa
Other unnamed astronauts and technicians
The Long Twilight (1969), novel Unknown Near Future (c. 1996)
Astronauts aboard the United States Weather Satellite, who spot the abrupt beginnings of a hurricane-like storm.[823]
Kindle (Captain)
Unnamed stewardess
Governor (Unnamed) (Passenger)
Lavinia Pickerell (Passenger)
11 unnamed passengers

Space station:
Aceworthy, Prof. (Weather department) (No first name given)
Terence (Animal experiments) (no last name given)
Unnamed personnel
Miss Pickerell and the Weather Satellite (1971), novel Tandem Space Shuttle (Booster ship[cq]/Remus [Orbital ship])

Space station
Near Future (Late Summer)
Miss Pickerell travels to space station to investigate malfunctioning weather satellite. Sequel to Miss Pickerell Goes to Mars and Miss Pickerell on the Moon (q.v.).[824]
William J. Lardner "Light Verse" (1973), short story Unknown Future (21st century?)
Widow of astronaut Lardner, who sacrificed himself to allow passenger ship to reach Space Station 5, unexpectedly commits murder.[825][826]
Beauregard "Beau" Jackson Land of the Lost
Hurricane (1974), TV
Hypersonic glider Near Future (c. 1990s)
During reentry, Jackson passes through time window into pocket universe.
William "Buck" Rogers, Capt. Buck Rogers in the 25th Century (1979–81), TV Ranger 3 1987
NASA astronaut whose voyage in a Space Shuttle-like "deep space probe" results in suspended animation.
Unnamed Mission Specialist/Commander
Vollmer (Engineering/Communications/Weapons) (no first name given)
Human Moments in World War III (1983), short story Colorado Command:
Tomahawk II (Recon-Interceptor)
Near Future
Astronauts in Earth orbit come under control of Colorado Command rather than Houston after outbreak of World War III.[827][828]
Tank Farm:
Ralph Rutter, Dr. (Director)
Don Ishido, Dr. (Communications/Operations Chief)
Susan Sorbanes, Dr. (Business Manager)
Emily Testa (Italy)
Unnamed chief flight controller
Unnamed personnel

Robert Bahnz, Col. (DOD)
Henry Woke, Dr. (NASA official)
Unnamed astronauts
Tank Farm Dynamo (a.k.a. Tank Farm) (1983), short story Colombo-Carroll Foundation:
Colombo Station (a.k.a. Tank Farm)

Space Shuttle
c. 1999
Orbital platform built from Space Shuttle external tanks and run by American-Italian consortium faces takeover bid by US government.[829][830]
Joanne Davis, Maj.[cr] (USAF) DEMON-4 (1984), novel NASA
Space Station
Near Future[cs]
NASA astronaut who survived the destruction of her space platform during WWIII, reassigned to help in the destruction of a rogue undersea fortress.[831]
Evans (Captain)
Floyd (Engineer)
Grundy (Navigator) (no first names given)
Doctor Who
Search for the Doctor (1986), gamebook
Enterprise 21 space freighter August 2056
Three-man crew returning from satellite servicing mission disappears into Bermuda Triangle.[832]
Frances Reese
Jan DuToit
Bill Noyes
Mary Xu
Valentina Romanova
Mikhail Savchenko
Chuck Wenzel
Anna Cherneva
Yuri Finnegan
John Jackson
Gerry Wolf
Maria Blixen
(First names not given for the last three characters)

Hipparchus Base:
Roger Bryant
Jim Russell
Hyashi Higuchi
Ben Templeton
Greg Able
Double Planet (1988), novel Space Shuttles
Ares I
Ares II
Sir Fred Hoyle

Hipparchus Base
Near Future
New Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) astronauts and scientists on a mission to investigate the possibility of mining the Comet Osaki-Mori for resources the ReUnited Nations (RN) needs to rebuild Earth.[833]
Wayfarer 1
Theodore Ludendorff, Cmdr
Five unnamed astronauts

Wayfarer 2
Jake Ryder
Speed Spencer
Faye McFarland
Boris Mechanov
Ada Lin
Irwin Rote

Von Braun
Ki Susato
Unnamed astronauts
Reach (1989), novel Wayfarer Program
Wayfarer 1
Wayfarer 2

Space Station
Von Braun
When contact is lost with an expedition to a mysterious cluster of objects passing outside the orbit of Pluto a second expedition is sent to investigate.[834]
Unnamed astronaut The Village...the Village...the Earth...the Earth and the Suicide of the Astronaut (1995), short story "Space corporation" Unknown
After traveling around the Solar System, astronaut is unable to find work back on Earth.[835]
Channing Blythe Knowlton Eater (2000), novel NASA c. 2022 (February–July)
Former NASA astronaut dying of cancer volunteers to confront sentient black hole.[836]
Oliver Greenberg
Mike Weissman
Two unnamed astronauts
Open Loops (2000), short story NASA:
Near Future
On mission to Ra-Shalom, Space Shuttle veteran Greenberg becomes the first human to visit an asteroid. Greenberg later spends one million years living on Ra-Shalom while the universe changes around him.[837]
Unnamed astronauts Brando: Carbon Copies (2002), music video Unknown Future
Astronauts building space station to orbit distant planet which resembles Mars.[838]
Antonio (Mexico) (no last name given)
Unnamed astronaut
Will You Be an Astronaut? (2002), short story Space Station Vigilancia Unknown (Alternate History)
In alternate history in which Apollo 11 never returned to Earth, Antonio defends Earth from telepathic entities called Asps.[839][840]
Christopher Goszen The Memory Chamber (2006), short film SpaceCo 2019
Novelist-turned-astronaut confuses memories, dreams and reality while on mission to asteroid.[841]
Two unnamed astronauts An Inconvenient Penguin Death March (2007), short film Unknown Near Future
Astronauts stranded in space as penguins take over world.[842]
Richard Jacob Johansenn
Susan Kirmatsu (Pilot)
Robbie Hamilton (Co-pilot)
Patricia Mattos (Chief archeologist)
Heidi Vogt (archeologist)
Unnamed astronauts and observers

Deep Space Dart:
Richard J. Johansenn
Mac McFerson
Greg Yovel
Rachel Saunders (Forensic anthropologist)
Helen Dail (Reporter)
Unnamed astronauts
Recovering Apollo 8 (2007), short story Johansenn Interplanetary:
Carpathia (Hawk-class)

Deep Space Dart
2007 (Alternate History)

2018 (Alternate History)

2020 (Alternate History)
In alternate history in which Apollo 8 never returned to Earth, billionaire Johansenn makes it his life's mission to recover the lost spacecraft and its crew. Apollo 20 is mentioned as having crashed into the Moon (no details given).[843][844]
Javier Fonseca, Dr. (Astrogeologist)

Neil Giffords, Dr. (US)
Yuri Semyonov, Dr. (Russia)
Glen Hosey, Dr. (Ireland) (Astrogeologist)
Spacemen Three (2008), short film Endurance (space shuttle) Future
Hosey replaces 11-spaceflight-veteran Fonseca on 24-month mission to gray planet that resembles Mars.[845]
Samuel Sheppard (Captain)
Jackson (Pilot)
Blake Santos, Dr. (Physician)
The Space Between (2009), short film Space Shuttle
Near Future
NASA astronauts on nine-year mission using hibernation technology.[846]
Robert "Rob" (no last names given)
Capsule (2011), short film NASA:
Halcyon (lander)
Two astronauts in Halcyon have landed (possibly on Venus or Mars) and are running out of oxygen. The ending leaves ambiguous whether or not the story is a daydream.[847]
Unnamed cosmonaut (US?) The Cosmonaut (2011), short film Unknown Unknown
Cosmonaut returns from space to find his girlfriend has grown old and died.[848]
David Brock
Craig Swanson, Sqn Ldr (RAF)
Joanna "Jo" Slade

Jules Verne:
Philippe Lefevre, Commandant
Svenni Nilson
Doctor Who
The Feast of Axos (2011), audio play
Ironclad Industries:

Eurozone Space Agency:
Jules Verne (shuttle)
Johann Kepler (shuttle)
c. 2020s[ct]
Ironclad Industries attempts to solve Earth's energy problems by accessing energy from the alien parasite Axos.[849]
Markus Samuel Ditto, Cmdr. Imprint (2011), short film GSI:
Eco Mission (Space Shuttle)
Near Future
Astronaut creates holographic replica of himself rather than his wife as companion for journey beyond Mars.[850]
Galenka Makarova (Pilot)
Dimitri Ivanov (Data acquisition and transmission)
Yakov Demin (Flight systems specialist)
Troika (2011), novella Tereshkova
Soyuz re-entry vehicle
Cosmonauts from revived Soviet Union investigate mysterious artifact in space. Tereshkova has VASIMIR drive.[851]
Oscar Homeslice The Ballad of Oscar Homeslice (2012), short film Unknown Contemporary
Legendary astronaut inspires young man to realize he is a hippogriff.[852]
Phoebe base (2020):
Lyman Hsu (Station Chief)
Tina "Tiny" Lundgren (Deputy Station Chief)
Gabriel "Gabe" Campbell (Geologist)
Thaddeus "Thad" Stankiewicz (Engineer)
Bryce Lewis
Alan Childs
Unnamed personnel

Phoebe base (2023):
Irv Weingart (Station Chief)
Thaddeus Stankiewicz (Deputy Station Chief)
Dino Agnelli (Electrical engineer)
Jarred Finnegan (Base mechanic)
Chuck (no last name given)
11 unnamed personnel

PS-1 Independent Inspection Team:
Marcus Judson (NASA contractor)
Olivia Finch, Prof. (Quality assurance engineer)
Savannah "Savvy" Morgan (USAF, civilian) (Computer security engineer)
Reuben Swenson (Department of Energy) (Power systems engineer)
Energized (2012), novel NASA:

Phoebe base
Powersat One (PS-1)
February 22, 2020

April 10 – November 4, 2023
When asteroid Phoebe approaches Earth, NASA captures it and places it in Earth orbit to investigate its resources. Stankiewicz is blackmailed into secret project, leading to his murdering Campbell during EVA on Phoebe to avoid discovery. Three years later, inspection team investigates newly constructed powersat.[853]
Thom (Netherlands?) (no last name given) Tears of Steel (2012), short film Unknown Future
Thom's decision to become an astronaut causes his girlfriend Celia to create killer robots that take over the world. Remade in Chinese in 2013.[854][855]
Charlotte Hayden, Dr. (Senior Mission Commander)
Jack Overholt, Col. (Military Commander)
Gabriel Drum, Maj. (Military Executive Officer)
Alberto Gomez, Lt. (Physician)
Manesh Kalani, Dr. (Linguist/Computer Specialist)
Donald "Don"[cu] Pritchard, Dr. (Chief Astronomer)
Cary Rowan, Dr. (Geologist)
Kyoko Takahashi,[cv] Dr. (Physician)
John S. Willett, Sgt. (OSCAR Corps) (Chief Engineer)
Letter 44 (2013– ), comic book series Project Monolith (US):
USS Clarke
Bowman (shuttle)
c. 2009
Astronauts on secret mission to investigate alien artifact in asteroid belt. Drum, Gomez and Pritchard discover lush artificial environment on 730 Athanasia.[856][857]
Jack Corben, Capt. Superman Family Adventures
The Menace of Metallo! (2013), comic book
Unknown (United States) Contemporary/Near Future
Astronaut transformed into super-villain Metallo by encounter with kryptonite asteroids.[cw][858][859]
Walsh, Dr. (Commander)
Tom Compton, Ph.D. (Pilot)
Bartholomew Alan "Berg" Bergen, Ph.D. (Engineer)
Ronald "Ron" Gibbs, Ph.D.
Jane Augusta Holloway, Ph.D. (Linguist)
Ajaya Varma, M.D. (Flight Surgeon)
Fluency (2014), novel NASA
Alpha Mission:
Future (21st century)
Astronauts dock with alien spacecraft discovered by Mariner 4 in 1964 and monitored by NASA ever since. Gibbs is an ISS veteran.[860]
Katie Sparks
Blair Taylor
Marcus Dawkins

Harmon Kryger

Molly Woods
Extant (2014–2015), TV International Space Exploration Agency (ISEA):
Space Station
Near Future (2030s/2040s)
Woods returns from 13-month solo mission to find herself pregnant. Sparks, Taylor and Dawkins are deceased; Kryger was believed to have committed suicide after mysterious solar flare incident.[861]
Nebulon "Lon" Innes Airtight (2015), short story Bezospace:
Future (after 2035)
Former lunar ferry pilot stakes claim to minor planet in order to sell it to corporation. MK212 spacecraft described as "second-generation Dragon capsule".[862]
Dark Sky Station:
Felix (Detective)
Aouda (Flight Chief)
Charlie (Maintenance)
Unnamed personnel

Orbital ascender:
Unnamed pilot
Unnamed flight engineer
Phil Foggerty (Passenger)
John Keyes (Passenger)
Around The NEO in 80 Days (2015), short story Dark Sky Station (DSS) (Inflatable space habitat)
2 orbital ascenders (Space balloons)
Adventurer Foggerty and valet Keyes attempt to win bet by flying around near-Earth object.[863]
Chinese spacecraft:
Song-li "Song" Chunxi

Private spacecraft:
Sam Gunn
Rare (Off) Earth Elements (A Sam Gunn Tale) (2015), short story People's Republic of China

Private spacecraft (fusion propulsion)
Taikonaut travels to asteroid 94-12 to claim its resources for China, only to find Sam Gunn already there.[864]
Kenna Belecky (Outer Space Technician)
Nick (Outer Space Technician) (no last name given)
Ten Days Up (2015), short story McCormick-Dewey International:
McCormick-Dewey ground-to-orbit lifting conduit ("the EL") (Space elevator)
Solar flares hit space elevator train while "ostech" Belecky is performing EVA. Haley Wu is mentioned as having been the first human on Mars.[865]
Tombaugh One/Tombaugh Station:
James Dayton (Commander)
Kate Beck (Executive Officer)
Tadeo "Cookie" Atsuka, Dr. (Data Analytics and Imaging)
Elise Kenyata, Dr. (Geo-planetologist/Medical Officer)
Tucker (no first names given for last two)
Tombaugh Station (2015), short story Corporate:
Tombaugh One
Tombaugh Two
Tombaugh Three
Tombaugh Station
Mysterious deaths on Pluto prior to completion of Venetia Burney Deep Space Cassegrain Telescope.[866]
Tyrille Smith A Walkabout Amongst The Stars (2015), short story Venturer 2035
When Voyager 1 mysteriously reactivates, Aboriginal Australian astronaut is sent on NASA/international mission to investigate. Venturer consists of seven nuclear electric propulsion modules.[867]
Space Now:
Malcolm "Mal" Pennington (Founder)

Dennis Locke[cx] (Program Director)

Cronus candidates:
Peter Jensen (UK) (Space Now)
Meredith Korman (call sign Braniac) (Theoretical physicist)
Stephen Miller (EU)
Eleven unnamed candidates

First Cronus mission:
Jason "Ace" McCoy (NASA) (Commander)
Hemi "Thor" (NASA) (Second-in-command)
Antonio Curzon (call sign Playboy) (Space Now) (Payload Specialist)
Isabelle "Izzy" Wolsten (call sign Bombshell) (NASA) (Payload Specialist)
Vicki Crum
Hennessey (Theoretical physicist)
Dean Winters (call sign Frosty)

Second Cronus mission:
Velosi (call sign Velocity) (NASA) (Commander)
Nine other astronauts
Beyond the Limits (2017), novel NASA/Space Now/International programs:
Cronus program (Shuttle/Space station)
Near Future (April – June)
Astronauts competing for slots on missions to build way station between Earth and Mars. Wolsten and Crum are ISS veterans. Billionaire Pennington attempted rendezvous with satellite aboard solar balloon, then set space diving world record on way down.[868]
Jacob "Jake" Lawson (Satellite designer)
Ute Fassbinder (Space station commander)
Geostorm (2017), film Space station Near Future
Engineer Lawson on climate-control satellite repair mission.[869][870][871]

To infinity and beyond[edit]

These are astronauts performing or attempting feats beyond the capabilities of the present or near future, such as interstellar travel.

Name(s) Appeared in Program / mission / spacecraft Fictional date
Alexei Pavlovich Zarubin, Capt. (Commander)
Nikolai (Engineer)
Nina (Engineer)
Georgi (Navigator)
Lena (Physician)
Sergei (Astrophysicist) (no last names given for last five)
"The Astronaut" (1960), short story Polus Future (late 20th or early 21st century)
On the first expedition to Barnard's Star, Zarubin sacrifices himself to save his crew. Zarubin and Sergei previously landed together on Saturn's moon Dione.[872]
Gresham (no first name given)
Unnamed astronaut
The Twilight Zone
The Invaders (1961), TV
United States Air Force
Space Probe No. 1
USAF astronauts discover life on alien planet.[873][874][875]
Reed Richards
Susan "Sue" Storm
Jonathan "Johnny" Storm
Benjamin Jacob "Ben" Grimm
Fantastic Four (1961–present), comic Experimental interstellar spacecraft[cy] Contemporary
Private space venture; astronauts bizarrely affected by cosmic rays.[277]
Steve Zodiac, Col.
Matthew Matic, Prof., Venus
Fireball XL5 (1962), TV Fireball XL5 2062
Commander of the Fireball XL5 of the World Space Patrol.
Max Landin, Cmdr. (Conn watch)
Edward "Ed" Haverson (Watch officer)
William "Will" Berger (Watch medic)
Three unnamed crewmembers
"The Samaritan" (1963), short story Unknown (Interstellar vessel) Future
Crew of humanity's first interstellar vessel encounters aliens in distress. Landin was a member of one of the first crews to orbit the Earth.[876][877]
Larry Dart, Capt.
Slim, Husky
Space Patrol (1963), TV Space Patrol 2100
Commander of Galasphere 347 of the Space Patrol.
Paul Ross, Capt.
Theodore "Ted" Mason, Lt.
Michael "Mike" Carter, Lt.
"Death Ship" (1953), short story

Twilight Zone
Death Ship (1963), TV
Rocket Bureau:
Spacecraft crew crashes on distant planet; they have difficulty accepting their own deaths. (In short story Carter is named "Mickey".)[878][879][880]
Unnamed cosmonaut "El cosmonauta" (aka "The Cosmonaut") (1964), short story Unknown Future
Cosmonaut has fatal encounter with intelligent beings on alien planet.[881][882]
Douglas Stansfield, Cmdr. Twilight Zone
The Long Morrow (1964), TV
Unknown Future
Astronaut placed in suspended animation for forty-year mission.[883][884]
Faith 1:
Unnamed astronauts

Hope 1:
Hank Stevens (Commander)
John Andros
Paul Martin (Scientist)
Lisa Wayne (Scientist)
Space Probe Taurus (a.k.a. Space Monster) (1965), film Earth Control:
Faith 1
Hope 1
Hope 1 astronauts on mission to planet Taurus in Triangulum Galaxy.[885]
Zefram Cochrane Star Trek: The Original Series
Metamorphosis (1967), TV

Star Trek: First Contact (1996), film
Phoenix 2063
First use of warp drive by an Earth vessel in the Star Trek timeline.
George Taylor, Col.
Planet of the Apes (1968), film Icarus 1972
ANSA astronauts on an interstellar mission, perhaps to Bellatrix.[886]
Robert O'Bannion
Andrei Voronov
Carlos Pascual
May Connearney
Sidney Lee
Doris McNerty
Aaron Hatfield
Jerry Grote
Chen Shu Li
Alicia Montiverdi
Lou D'Orazio
Marlene Ettinger
Other unnamed astronauts
As on a Darkling Plain (1972), novel Unknown Near Future
Astronauts on missions to Jupiter and Sirius.[887]
Prometheus-1, Prometheus-3:
Bud Williams, Jr.

Stony Stevenson, Pvt./Cpl. (Hon.) (US Army)
Between Time and Timbuktu (1972), TV movie Mission Control:
Prometheus-5 (Gemini-like)
Near Future (March – December)
Jingle contest winner Stevenson is launched into space and through time warp. Former astronaut Williams flew to Mars on one of the earlier Prometheus missions.[888]
Fredric Michael "Fred" Kelly
Steen (no first name given)
Unnamed astronauts
"Kelly, Fredric Michael" (aka "Kelly, Fredric Michael: 1928-1987", "Kelly, Fredric Michael (1928-1990)") (1973), short story Unknown c. 1987
Astronauts on early mission using "warps" to reach another galaxy have their minds drained by alien force.[889]
Tom Trimble Unidentified Flying Oddball (a.k.a. The Spaceman and King Arthur, A Spaceman in King Arthur's Court) (1979), film NASA:
Stardust 1
Contemporary/Near Future
NASA technician Trimble is accidentally launched aboard faster-than-light spacecraft and travels back in time to Arthurian era.[890]
Ed Westin, Col./Gen.
O'Keefe, Capt. (no first name given)

Solo 1/Solo 2:
Mark Devore, Capt.
Time Warp (1981), film NASA:
Solo 1
Solo 2
1984 – July 13, 1985 / July 13, 1986
While returning from a one-year mission to "the farthest reach of the galaxy", Solo 1 passes through a time warp, sending Devore one year into the future.
Donald Hotchkiss, Capt. (Prof.)
Mary Washburn

Moon mission:
"Hoop" Hooper

Mars mission:
Amanda Jaworski (USAF) (Commander)
Sue Ann O'Riley (Copilot)

Soviet Union:
Zayatin Zamayt
The Eleven Million Mile High Dancer (1985), novel NASA:
Moon mission
Mars mission
Mars-bound astronaut Jaworski is caught up in a series of bizarre events, leading her to travel to Epsilon Erdani (sic) in search of her lost cat.[891]
Bartholomew Mann (Physicist)
Terry Waters, Maj.
Paul St John, Dr.
Philip Quincy-Jones
Luciano Cragnolini
Unnamed commander
The Quiet Place (1987), novel Unknown Near Future
Crew of the first manned interstellar spacecraft who return to find the Earth changed beyond recognition.[892]
Miroslav Gurov (Team leader)
Dennis Averianov
Sasha Lapushkin

"A Birch Tree, A White Fox" (1989), short story Space Survey Corps:

Geological Institute:
Cosmonauts crash-land on distant planet where speaking aloud means death.[893]
Stephen G. Richey (Col.), Commander
Unnamed crewmembers
Star Trek: The Next Generation
The Royale (1989), TV
July 23, 2037 – 2044
Third manned expedition outside Solar System results in Richey dying in captivity on alien planet.[894][895]
Floyd G. Nevish (Commander) Cosmic Wormholes: The Search for Interstellar Shortcuts (1992), non-fiction book Jovian Industries Future
Astronaut on mission into Kerr-type rotating black hole.[896]
Scientist/First Mate
Space Twin 1
Space Twin 2
The Voyage (1992), opera Space station
"Several years later"
Archeologists discover "directional crystals" brought to Earth by ancient astronauts, causing instruments on a space station crewed by Space Twins 1 and 2 to pinpoint the aliens' origin. Several years later, Space Twins 1 and 2 join crew of generational voyage to aliens' planet.[897]
Olshavsky (Captain) (no first name given)
Clio Trigorin (Historian)
Sanetomo Kawamura (Astronomer)
27 unnamed crewmembers
Encounter with Tiber (1996), novel Tenacity July 20, 2069 – 2081
Humanity's first starship, built with alien technology, on a voyage to Alpha Centauri.[442]
Badquor, Capt. (Sc.D.)
John (Astronomer)
Lissa (Atmospheric chemist)
Tagore (Theorist)
Unnamed geologist
Unnamed crewmembers

Second expedition:
Unnamed crew
"A Dance to Strange Musics" (a.k.a. "A Pit Which Has No Bottom") (1998), short story Adventurer

Second expedition (unnamed starship)
Future (21st century?)[cz]
Adventurer, the first manned starship, makes bizarre discoveries on planet in Alpha Centauri system. A second expedition investigates some years later.[898][899]
Henry Forbes

Unnamed co-pilot of Congreve (UK)

Unnamed Discovery crew members
"The Wire Continuum" (1998), short story Mustard (Multi-Unit Space Transport and Recovery Device)


1947-2017 (Alternate History)
RAF World War II veteran and rocket pioneer in alternate history in which teleportation was developed in the 1950s. Forbes makes first manned landing on Moon in Oceanus Procellarum with Buzz Aldrin and Alexei Leonov in 1977, leaves solar system aboard first starship Discovery in 1997.[900][901]
John Cope
Five unnamed astronauts
Cold Fusion (1999), novel Argos Program
Argos 2
Near Future
Crew of the first manned expedition to another solar system.[902]
Clark Kent, Lt. JLA: Earth 2 (2000), graphic novel Unknown Contemporary (Antimatter universe)
Alternate universe equivalent of Superman was originally astronaut injured in hyperspace accident.[903]
Franz Daxenberger, Dr.
Dirk Mandelbrot, Dr. Dr. [sic]
Space Zoo (2001), short film ESA (Bavaria):
Stoiber (Research station)
Astronauts on space station in Earth orbit travel to Aldebaran 5 due to use of hyperspace module.[904]
Astronaut One
Astronaut Two
Astronauts (2005), short film Unknown Future
Comic misadventures of two astronauts on distant space mission.[905]
Charles T. "Chuck" Baker, Capt. Planet 51 (2009), film Odyssey (command module)
c. 2026 (April)
NASA astronaut captured by aliens on distant planet.[906]
Tully, Capt. (Commander) (no first name given)
Unnamed copilot
Unnamed crewmembers
Superman: Deep Space Hijack (2010), chapter book S.T.A.R. Labs:
Long Range Space Explorer
Rescue ship
Astronauts returning from mission outside solar system crash-land on Pluto.[907]
Sam (no last name given) (England)
Unnamed crewmembers
Capsule (2011), short film Unknown Future
Young man floats in escape pod after spacecraft explodes in deep space. Spacecraft was launched from Houston.[908][909]
Lino Martinez (later known as "Otim")
Unnamed astronauts
Góry Parnasu (a.k.a. The Mountains of Parnassus) (2012), novel Astronauts' Union Late 21st century
Married couple on journey to planet Sardion aboard spacecraft traveling at 99.5% of lightspeed.[910]
Traveler (unnamed) Grounded (2012), short film Unknown Future
Astronaut has bizarre experiences after crashing on extrasolar planet.[911]
Joseph Wood Hibernation (2012), short film Somnus I 20th-21st centuries?
Wood is placed into hibernation for 50-year mission.[912]
Francisco Delagurez

Bon Accord:
Etienne Larochelle (RCAF), Cmdr
Moire Cameron (USAF), pilot
Other unnamed astronauts
The Long Way Home (2012), novel Bon Accord (XS-312) Future[da]
Crew of an experimental interstellar mission to Beta Centauri and beyond whose spacecraft suffers a major malfunction on the return journey. Delagurez took part in a later exploratory mission.[913]
Unnamed astronauts The Pod (2012), short film Unknown Future
Astronaut crashes on planet and must make dangerous journey back to spacecraft.[914]
House of Secrets:
Aune (Finland)
Gwenda (US?)
Sisi (South Africa/US)
Sullivan (US) (no last names given)
Five unnamed astronauts (not in revision)

House of Mystery:
Twelve unnamed astronauts (number not specified in revision)
"Two Houses" (2012, revised 2015), short story Original:
Light House (nicknamed The House of Secrets)
Leap Year (nicknamed The House of Mystery)

Seeker (nicknamed House of Secrets)
Messenger (nicknamed House of Mystery)
March 12, 2073 (original)

After 2059 (revision)
Astronauts in intermittent hibernation on voyage to Proxima Centauri, launched in summer 2059. House of Mystery disappears in flight.[915][916]
Unnamed astronaut XY (2012), short film Unknown Future
Astronaut encounters apparition of woman on distant planet.[917]
Unnamed astronaut Azarkant (2013), short film Unknown Future
Astronaut on deep space mission explores mysterious spacecraft.[918]
Lila Suvlu, Dr. (Commander)
Unnamed astronaut
Children of the Northern Lights (2013), TV
Exoterra Energy:
S. V. Kluguya (Exploration Vessel 0032-A)
Husband-and-wife astronauts crash on distant planet while searching for new energy sources.[919]
Adam Fossy, Maj. Infinite (2013), short film Unknown Future
Fossy hibernates aboard spacecraft for infinite length of time while waiting for discovery of extraterrestrial intelligence.[920]
Three unnamed astronauts Mission Control (2013), short film NASA/Russian Space Agency:
Near Future
International mission to explore Kepler-22b faces prospect of fatal explosion after liftoff.[921]
Sally Pascal, Capt. I Am Here (aka The Journey of Sally Pascal) (2014), short film USS Vision Quest (Anthro-Robotic spaceship):
Solo Journey
Trainee pilot attempting to reach wormhole for return to Earth.[922]
Lazarus missions:
Hugh Mann, Dr.
Wolf Edmunds
Laura Miller
Wong, Dr.
Hale, Dr.
Morin, Dr.
Yashin, Dr.
Lee, Dr.
Oita, Dr.
Ostro, Dr.
Pila, Dr.
Somov, Dr.

Joseph "Coop" Cooper (Pilot)
Amelia Brand, Dr.
Nikolai "Rom" Romilly (Astrophysicist)
Interstellar (2014), film/novel NASA:

Lazarus missions (12 Ranger spaceplanes)

Endurance (incorporates 2 Rangers)
Future (21st century)
Astronauts travel through wormhole near Saturn to distant galaxy in search of new home for humanity, which is in danger of extinction.[923][924]
Astronaut 35
Astronaut 41
Astronaut 42
Project Skyborn (2014), short film Unknown Unknown
Mysterious events on moon of ringed planet.[925]
Unnamed astronaut Lone (2015), short film Unknown Future
Astronaut aboard faster-than-light ship searching for life on planet 1200 light years from Earth.[926]
James Morrison, Cmdr. (UK) Superluminal (2015), short film Unknown Future
Young astronaut discovers life on alien moon.[927]
Unnamed astronaut RunCatRun (2016), short film Unknown Future
Astronaut traveling through wormhole switches bodies with cat.[928]

TV commercials[edit]

Name(s) Appeared in Program / Mission / Spacecraft Fictional date
Five unnamed astronauts Specsavers
Shuttle (2011), TV commercial
Space Shuttle Contemporary
Shuttle crew land at Luton Airport instead of Cape Canaveral.[929]
Paul (no last name given) One A Day
Astronaut (2014), TV commercial
Unknown Contemporary
Astronaut who takes One A Day vitamins.[930]
Two unnamed astronauts
Unnamed janitor
Astronaut (2014), TV commercial
Unknown Contemporary/Near Future
Astronaut is replaced by janitor while using restroom.[931]
Unnamed astronauts BMW
Astronaut (2015), TV commercial
Space Shuttle Contemporary
Astronaut launching aboard space shuttle is impressed by BMW 6 Series.[932]
Joost (no last name given)
Yuri (no last name given)
Unnamed American and Japanese astronauts
Nature's Wonder (2015), TV commercial
International Space Station Contemporary
A Dutch astronaut's attempt to celebrate a comrade's birthday creates an artificial aurora.[933]
The Most Interesting Man in the World
Two unnamed astronauts
The Most Interesting Man in the World: Rolls, Rotates, Rowing and Rockets (2015), TV commercial Unknown Contemporary
The Man plays video game with fellow astronaut aboard spacecraft.[934]
International Space Station:
Two unnamed astronauts

Two unnamed cosmonauts[db]
Slim Jim
Space Chase (2015), TV commercial
International Space Station
Soyuz (Capsule 7)
Docking of Soyuz with ISS delayed by American astronauts' enjoyment of Slim Jims.[935][936]
Unnamed astronaut (Cmdr.) Audi
Commander (2016), TV commercial
An elderly veteran of the Mercury and Apollo programs is impressed by Audi R8.[937][938]
Unnamed astronaut Dollar Shave Club
One Small Shave For Man (2016), TV commercial
International Space Station? Contemporary
Astronaut praises Dollar Shave Club.[939]
Three unnamed astronauts Hyundai
Extreme Boldness (2016), TV commercial
Space Shuttle
Crew of crashed space shuttle is rescued by Hyundai Elantra driver.[940]
Two unnamed American astronauts
Unnamed Russian cosmonaut
Space Station (2016), TV commercial
International Space Station (GEO mission) Contemporary
During space station emergency, astronaut sells amplifier to cosmonaut via mobile app.[941]
The Most Interesting Man in the World
Unnamed astronaut
The Most Interesting Man in the World: Adios Amigo 'Mission to Mars' (2016), TV commercial Unknown Contemporary/Near Future
The Man leaves Earth on one-way mission to Mars.[942][943]
The Most Interesting Man in the World The Most Interesting Man in the World: Meet the New Most Interesting Man in the World (2016), TV commercial Unknown Contemporary
Among the new Most Interesting Man's exploits is landing a space capsule.[944][945]
Unnamed astronaut Snapple
TEAcision (2016), TV commercial
International Space Station Contemporary
Astronaut punctures his spacesuit with "I VOTED" button.[946]
Six unnamed crewmembers[dc] Toyota
Mars (2016), TV commercial
Mars Simulation Facility (MSF-1T) Contemporary
James Marsden, driving Toyota RAV4 Hybrid, assists "enthusiast" crew of Mars analog habitat.[947]

Astronauts in other media[edit]

Several toy astronaut dolls and action figures were produced in response to the popularity of astronauts in the 1960s. Most of them had no associated storylines. They included:

  • Johnny and Jane Apollo, 1968 plastic toys with accessories including a "Moon Rover".
  • Barbie, the world's most popular doll, was released with a variant space suit costume in the 1960s.
  • Billy Blastoff, an apparently juvenile astronaut of the 1960s.
  • The Major Matt Mason line of toys from 1968, including Major Mason himself, Lt. Jeff Long, Sgt. Storm, and Doug Davis.[948]
  • Moon McDare, a generic astronaut figure from 1965, packaged with various accessories.
  • John Blackstar, Earth astronaut who crashes on planet Sagar.[949]


  1. ^ The story ends a month after Easter, which fell on March 26 in 1978.[11]
  2. ^ Middle name given in The Man Who Sold the Moon (q.v.).
  3. ^ Also frequently called "Doc".
  4. ^ The year "1959" appears in an illustration on p. 19. The book definitely takes place after 1951 (p. 48).
  5. ^ Opening narration says Starcloud launches on June 2, 1987, but a later log entry by Thorson is dated June 2, 1987 and says Starcloud is "four weeks out from Earth".
  6. ^ First name given in later books.
  7. ^ Incorrectly named "ZOX-1" in Space Cat Meets Mars (p. 3).
  8. ^ The numeral "63" appears on the rocket in exterior shots.
  9. ^ Westfahl (p. 185) assigns the wrong scientific specialties to the characters.
  10. ^ Also spelled "Falbridge".
  11. ^ Patronymic not given; deduced from father's name.
  12. ^ Spelled "Neal" in DVD subtitles.
  13. ^ Written by William Sambrot, the story was published in the May 1962 issue of Playboy Magazine.
  14. ^ At the conclusion of the novel Judgen mentions "... I may become the second or third man to make a circuit of the moon." [211]
  15. ^ Spelled "Reinhart" in short story.
  16. ^ Appears only in novel.
  17. ^ Appears only in novel.
  18. ^ It is unclear if the flight is a suborbital flight or a full orbit. Dialog implies a full orbit, but the illustration shows a Redstone, rather than an Atlas.
  19. ^ Astronaut, CAPCOM for the Gemini XII-A mission.
  20. ^ Transferred to the Apollo Program and rank upgraded to Commander following the misson.
  21. ^ Pseudonym, real name is Dr. Samuel Henry Stonebreaker
  22. ^ Alternative title Autopsy for a Cosmonaut
  23. ^ Last name spoken but difficult to hear.
  24. ^ Does not appear in the film.
  25. ^ Does not appear in the film.
  26. ^ The Apollo mission mentioned in the novel is implied to be Apollo 17.
  27. ^ Patronymic not given; deduced from father's name.
  28. ^ Also known as "Augie Doggie".
  29. ^ The book contradicts itself on whether Peters or Able was Myshko's LMP; see pp. 21 and 375.
  30. ^ Rats Saw God was written by Rob Thomas, the co-developer of the iZombie TV series.
  31. ^ Incorrectly called "Captain" in author's note (p. 234).
  32. ^ Jacket illustration depicts Gemini spacecraft, but text describes Apollo CSM.
  33. ^ The opening of the story implies that this is a test run for a manned Mars mission.
  34. ^ Although called "Skylab", the space station in this episode does not resemble the real Skylab, as does the one in "Space Emergency".
  35. ^ Operated by the United States Air Force.
  36. ^ One crewmember, Erhardt, is described as a veteran of the Apollo Program.
  37. ^ The novel may have been the inspiration for the film Starflight One.
  38. ^ A mission patch appears with the names of all five crewmembers, but the fifth name is cut off by the edge of the panel.
  39. ^ The mission is described as "...the most ambitious of shuttle missions since the disastrous Challenger flight of 1986."[404]
  40. ^ Also known as "Barn."
  41. ^ Includes 50th anniversary of Sputnik 1 on October 4.
  42. ^ NASA administrator and former Apollo/Skylab astronaut.
  43. ^ Daniel Stryker is a pseudonym for authors Chris Morris & Janet Morris.
  44. ^ Events take place after those of Hawkeye.
  45. ^ Apollo II was launched on an Atlas 2AS booster rocket.
  46. ^ Also known as "the Sphinx".
  47. ^ Last name given only in Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data on p. 2.
  48. ^ Patronymic not given; deduced from father's name.
  49. ^ Service branch specified as USN in 2015 novel, but not in novella.
  50. ^ Not explicitly stated to be an astronaut.
  51. ^ Part of the pilot episode's plotline is based on that of Quatermass II.
  52. ^ Year implied to be 2005 or 2009.
  53. ^ The book is inconsistent about whether Kate's real name is Kathleen or Kathryn. See pp. 8, 85 and 313.
  54. ^ Adaptation of Curious George episodes "Curious George's Rocket Ride" and "Red Planet Monkey".
  55. ^ Played by Sir Richard Branson.
  56. ^ Played by Sam Branson.
  57. ^ Named "Swanschbaumer" on p. 137, but "Swanschbaum" on pp. 135-136 and 220.
  58. ^ The anachronistic initials "СССР" appear on Yuri's helmet, an indication that he is a hallucination.
  59. ^ Also known as "Iron Gut".
  60. ^ Also called "Mac" by some characters.
  61. ^ Appears in episode "Christmas On the Moon".
  62. ^ Chapter 2 (the X-21 flight) may take place c. 1967, since it refers to Earth orbital satellites "as much as ten years aloft" (p. 30).
  63. ^ Described as an "Astronautical test engineer"
  64. ^ Part of the Soviet Space Squadron.
  65. ^ Main character states the events related in the book begin on January 16, 1978.
  66. ^ Year incorrectly given as "2012" on jacket flap of Asking for the Moon.
  67. ^ Although supposedly Earth's Moon, the planet has an atmosphere and an extra planet in the sky.
  68. ^ According to "Goddard's People", Ares One landing site is in Utopia Planitia.
  69. ^ Referred to as both "Atlas V" and "Saturn V" throughout the book (cf. p. 241).
  70. ^ Last names not given for the final three crew members.
  71. ^ Dialog indicates the story takes place more than 35 years after the last manned Moon landing.
  72. ^ Marsha is omitted in Voyage to the Planet of Prehistoric Women, in which "Marsha" is the code name of Earth control.
  73. ^ The ship corresponding to Sirius can be seen to be named Typhoon in one shot due to the use of stock footage from Nebo Zovyot (q.v.).
  74. ^ Appears in episode "Mission To Mars"; not the same character as Jim Nichols from "Christmas On the Moon".
  75. ^ Appears in episode "Flight To the Red Planet"; not the same character as Nichols from "Christmas On the Moon" or "Mission To Mars".
  76. ^ The book is inconsistent about whether Trasker's middle initial is "H." or "C." Cf. pp. ix and 71.
  77. ^ Also called "Jazzbo" by close friends.
  78. ^ The plotline is very heavily influenced by The Quatermass Experiment and Who Goes There?
  79. ^ Referred to in the novel as an Astronette, the author's term for a female astronaut.[686]
  80. ^ F.X. Woolf is a pseudonym for authors Howard Engels & Janet Hamilton.
  81. ^ Last name not confirmed; "Odinga" is wife's surname.
  82. ^ The mission is discussed as a recent event in the clip show The Voice of Reason, which has a contemporary setting.
  83. ^ Listed as Max "Bull" Haber in closing credits.
  84. ^ Middle name given in film only.
  85. ^ According to Andy Weir on the film's DVD commentary, the Chinese astronaut aboard Ares V is named "Wei".
  86. ^ Dropped from mission to allow Maynard/Grant to return on Ares 5.
  87. ^ Dropped from mission to allow Maynard/Grant to return on Ares 5
  88. ^ Comprises an Orion command module, an Endurance habitation module and an Earth Return Engine.
  89. ^ "World Space Authority" in American version.
  90. ^ According to opening sequence of 2010 film.
  91. ^ Pages 136 and 184 possibly imply that the book ends 123 years after 1917.
  92. ^ One of the planets in the sky appears to be Ganymede.
  93. ^ An earlier version of the game by Brian Moriarty featured an additional character named Toshi Olema, a paying passenger on the mission.[801]
  94. ^ Stated to be a "two-star general" (p. 13) and a "Brigadier General" (a one-star rank) (p. 204).
  95. ^ Not stated to be a manned booster.
  96. ^ Promoted to Lt Col. at the novels conclusion.
  97. ^ Exact year is not specified, but references to extensive orbital infrastructure suggest a time in the late 20th/early 21st C relative to the date of publication.
  98. ^ The story is set fifty years after The Claws of Axos.
  99. ^ Also called "Pritch".
  100. ^ Incorrectly named "Kyoko Takamura" in Volume 1 crew portrait caption (p. 155).
  101. ^ This origin story for Metallo differs from other versions, in which Corben is not an astronaut. See the Metallo article.
  102. ^ Not explicitly stated to be an astronaut.
  103. ^ According to The Fantastic Four #2, Richards' crew was trying to reach Mars.
  104. ^ Story takes place "more than a century into the dual evolution of society and computers" on Earth.
  105. ^ Story proper takes place in 2115. Moire's mission is described as taking place "...80 years and some change..." prior to this year.
  106. ^ Surnames end with "glu" and "zin".
  107. ^ Not stated to be actual astronauts.


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