List of gemstone species

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There are over 130 types of minerals that have been used as gemstones. These include:

Artificial and synthetic[edit]

Artificial or synthetic materials used as gems include:


There are a number of organic materials used as gems, including:

Inorganic Mineraloids[edit]

There are a number of inorganic mineraloids used as gems, including:


There are a number of rocks used as gems, including: