List of left and far-left parties in Europe

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This is a list of European political parties that have been classified as left-wing or far-left on the political spectrum. The categorisation of some parties may vary in different sources. An 'X' in the table below represents where the party of the same row positions itself.

Country Party Centre-Left Left-Wing Far-left Ideology
Croatia Workers' Front (RF) X Democratic socialism

Anti-fascism

Anti-capitalism

Socialist feminism

Direct democracy

Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL) X Communism[1][2]

Marxism–Leninism[3][4][5]

Reunification of Cyprus

Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) X Communism[6][7]

Marxism[8]

Euroscepticism[9][10][11]

Denmark Socialist People's Party (SF) X Green politics[12]

Socialism

Popular socialism

Democratic socialism[13]

Eco-socialism

Feminism

Denmark Red-Green Alliance (Enhl., Ø) X Socialism[14]

Eco-socialism[15]

Anti-capitalism[16]

Euroscepticism[17][18][19]

Estonia Estonian United Left Party (EÜVP) X Democratic socialism[20]

Eco-socialism[21]

Russian minority politics[22]

Russophilia[23]

Finland Left Alliance (VAS) X Democratic socialism[24][25]

Eco-socialism[26]

France French Communist Party (PCF) X Communism[27]

Soft Euroscepticism[28]

Formerly:

Left-wing nationalism [29]

France La France insoumise (FI) X Alter-globalisation

Democratic socialism[30][31]

Eco-socialism[32]

Environmentalism[33]

Left-wing populism[34][35]

Soft Euroscepticism[36]

Souverainism[37]

Left-wing nationalism [38]

France New Anticapitalist Party (NPA) X Anti-capitalism

Democratic socialism

Eco-socialism

Alter-globalisation

Progressivism

Feminism

Euroscepticism[39]

France Workers' Struggle (LO) X Trotskyism

Feminism

Anti-capitalism

Germany The Left X Democratic socialism[40][41]

Left-wing populism[42]

Anti-capitalism[43][44]

Antimilitarism[45]

Factions

Left-wing nationalism[46]

Greece Communist Party of Greece (KKE) X Communism[47]

Marxism–Leninism[48]

Hungary Hungarian Workers' Party X Communism[49]

Marxism–Leninism

Euroscepticism

Iceland Left-Green Movement (VG) X Democratic socialism[50]

Eco-socialism[51]

Feminism[52][53]

Pacifism[54]

Euroscepticism[55]

Ireland Sinn Féin (SF) X Irish republicanism

Left-wing nationalism

Democratic socialism

Ireland People Before Profit Alliance (PBP) X Socialism[56]

Trotskyism[57]

Euroscepticism[58]

Ireland Solidarity X Socialism

Eco-socialism

Left-wing populism

Feminism

Italy Communist Refoundation Party (PRC) X Communism[59]
Latvia Socialist Party of Latvia (LSP) X Communism[60]

Marxism–Leninism

Netherlands Socialist Party (SP) X Democratic socialism[61][62][63]

Social democracy[64][65][66]

Left-wing populism[67]

Soft Euroscepticism[68]

Netherlands GreenLeft (GL) X Green politics[69]

Social democracy[70][71]

Pro-Europeanism[72]

Norway Socialist Left Party (SV) X Democratic socialism[73]

Eco-socialism[74]

Euroscepticism[75]

Feminism

Portugal Left Bloc (BE) X Democratic socialism[76]

Anti-capitalism[77]

Multi-tendency[78]

Eco-socialism[79]

Feminism[80]

Euroscepticism[81]

Left-wing populism[82]

Portugal Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) X Communism[83]

Marxism–Leninism[84][85]

Scotland Scottish Socialist Party (SSP) X Democratic socialism[86]

Anti-capitalism[87]

Scottish independence[88]

Scottish republicanism[89]

Slovakia Communist Party of Slovakia (KSS) X Communism[90]

Marxism–Leninism[91][92]

Spain Communist Party of Spain (PCE) X Communism

Marxism-Leninism

Internationalism

Republicanism

Federalism

Feminism

Laïcité

Sweden Left Party (V) X Socialism[93][94][95]

Feminism[96][97]

Euroscepticism[98][99]

Ukraine Communist Party of Ukraine (CPU) X Communism[100]

Marxism–Leninism[101]

Soviet nationalism

Left-wing populism[102]

Russophilia[103]

Social conservatism

United Kingdom Labour Party (LAB) X Social democracy[104]

Democratic socialism[105]

United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales (GRN) X Green politics[106]

Eco-socialism[107]

Progressivism[108]

Pro-Europeanism[109]

British republicanism[110]

United Kingdom Socialist Party of Great Britain X Impossibilism

Marxism

Socialism

United Kingdom Communist Party of Britain (CPB) X Communism

Marxism–Leninism

Anti-austerity[111]

Euroscepticism[112]

Socialism[113]

Trade unionism[114]

Political reformism[115][116]

Literature[edit]

  • Backes, Uwe; Moreau, Patrick (2008). Communist and Post-Communist Parties in Europe. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
  • Daiber, Birgit; Hildebrandt, Cornelia; Striethorst, Anna (Eds.) (2012). From Revolution to Coalition – Radical Left Parties in Europe (PDF). Berlin: Rosa-Luxemburg-Foundation.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Dunphy, Richard (2004). Contesting capitalism? Left parties and European integration. Manchester University Press.
  • Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Farnham, Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
  • March, Luke (2008). Contemporary Far Left Parties in Europe (PDF). Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. ISBN 978-3-86872-000-6.
  • March, Luke; Mudde, Cas (2005). "What's Left of the Radical Left? The European Radical Left After 1989: Decline and Mutation". Comparative European Politics. Palgrave Macmillan (3): 23–49.

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