List of mammals of California
This is a list of mammals in California, including both current and recently historical inhabitants.
The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) monitors certain species and subspecies of special concern. These are mammals whose populations may be locally threatened, but which are excluded from federal and international conservation lists. Taxa of special concern in California are noted below, as are endemic, introduced, harvest, and vagrant species.
There are 226 mammal species listed, including 185 terrestrial and 42 marine.
One species of opossum occurs in California.
|Common name||Scientific name||Status||Distribution|
|Virginia opossum||Didelphis virginiana||Common,
Thirteen species of shrews occur in California.
|Common name||Scientific name||Status||Distribution|
|Desert (or Crawford's gray) shrew||Notiosorex crawfordi||Southern deserts|
|Marsh shrew||Sorex bendirii||Northwest|
|Mount Lyell shrew||Sorex lyelli||Endemic, special concern||Central Sierra Nevada, high elevation|
|Merriam's shrew||Sorex merriami||Great Basin|
|Montane shrew||Sorex monticolus||Sierra Nevada and|
San Bernardino ranges
|Pacific shrew||Sorex pacificus||Northwest|
|American water shrew||Sorex palustris||Sierra Nevada, Cascades, and Coast Ranges above|
1,300 m (4,000 ft)
|Preble's shrew||Sorex preblei||Cascades above 1,200 m (4,000 ft)|
|Ornate shrew||Sorex ornatus||5 ssp. of special concern||Central and southwest|
|Fog shrew||Sorex sonomae||Northwest|
|Inyo shrew||Sorex tenellus||East central|
|Trowbridge's shrew||Sorex trowbridgii||North outside Central Valley|
|Vagrant shrew||Sorex vagrans||1 ssp. of special concern||North outside Central Valley|
Five species of moles occur in California.
- Shrew-mole, Neurotrichus gibbsii
- Northern broad-footed mole, Scapanus latimanus
- Alameda Island mole, S. l. parvus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Southern broad-footed mole (Scapanus occultus)
- Coast mole, Scapanus orarius
- Townsend's mole, Scapanus townsendii
Four species of leaf-nosed bats occur in California.
- Mexican long-tongued bat, Choeronycteris mexicana (CDFW special concern)
- Southern long-nosed bat, Leptonycteris curasoae
- Lesser long-nosed bat, Leptonycteris yerbabuenae
- California leaf-nosed bat, Macrotus californicus (CDFW special concern)
Nineteen species of vesper bats occur in California.
- Hoary bat, Aeorestes cinereus
- Pallid bat, Antrozous pallidus (CDFW special concern)
- Townsend's big-eared bat, Corynorhinus townsendii
- Pale big-eared bat, C. t. pallescens (CDFW special concern)
- Big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus
- Spotted bat, Euderma maculatum (CDFW special concern)
- Allen's big-eared bat, Idionycteris phyllotis
- Silver-haired bat, Lasionycteris noctivagans
- Western red bat, Lasiurus blossevillii
- Western yellow bat, Lasiurus xanthinus
- California myotis, Myotis californicus
- Western small-footed myotis, Myotis ciliolabrum
- Long-eared myotis, Myotis evotis
- Little brown myotis, Myotis lucifugus
- Arizona myotis, Myotis occultus (CDFW special concern)
- Fringed myotis, Myotis thysanodes
- Cave myotis, Myotis velifer (CDFW special concern)
- Long-legged myotis, Myotis volans
- Yuma myotis, Myotis yumanensis
- Western pipistrelle, Parastrellus hesperus
Four species of free-tailed bats occur in California.
- Western mastiff bat, Eumops perotis
- California mastiff bat, E. p. californicus (CDFW special concern)
- Pocketed free-tailed bat, Nyctinomops femorosaccus (CDFW special concern)
- Big free-tailed bat, Nyctinomops macrotis (CDFW special concern)
- Brazilian (or Mexican) free-tailed bat, Tadarida brasiliensis
One species of pika occurs in California.
- American pika, Ochotona princeps
- Pygmy rabbit, Brachylagus idahoensis (CDFW special concern, harvest)
- Snowshoe hare, Lepus americanus (harvest)
- Oregon snowshoe hare, L. a. klamathensis (CDFW special concern)
- Sierra Nevada snowshoe hare, L. a. tahoensis (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Black-tailed jackrabbit, Lepus californicus (harvest)
- San Diego black-tailed jackrabbit, L. c. bennettii (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- White-tailed jackrabbit, Lepus townsendii (CDFW special concern, harvest)
- European rabbit, Oryctolagus cuniculus (introduced)
- Desert cottontail, Sylvilagus audubonii (harvest)
- Brush rabbit, Sylvilagus bachmani (harvest, except for endangered Riparian subspecies)
- Riparian brush rabbit, S. b. riparius (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Mountain cottontail, Sylvilagus nuttallii (harvest)
One species of mountain beaver occurs in California.
- Mountain beaver, Aplodontia rufa
- Sierra Nevada mountain beaver, A. r. californica (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Point Arena mountain beaver, A. r. nigra (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Point Reyes mountain beaver, A. r. phaea (CDFW special concern; endemic)
Subfamily Sciurinae (tree squirrels and flying squirrels)
- Humboldt's flying squirrel, Glaucomys oregonensis
- San Bernardino flying squirrel, G. o. californicus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Northern flying squirrel, Glaucomys sabrinus (CDFW special concern)
- Eastern gray squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis (introduced, harvest)
- Western gray squirrel, Sciurus griseus (harvest)
- Eastern fox squirrel, Sciurus niger (introduced, harvest)
- Douglas' squirrel, Tamiasciurus douglasii (harvest)
Subfamily Xerinae (chipmunks and ground squirrels)
- White-tailed antelope ground squirrel, Ammospermophilus leucurus
- Nelson's antelope ground squirrel, Ammospermophilus nelsoni (endemic)
- Yellow-bellied marmot, Marmota flaviventris
- California ground squirrel, Spermophilus beecheyi
- Belding's ground squirrel, Spermophilus beldingi
- Golden-mantled ground squirrel, Spermophilus lateralis
- Mohave ground squirrel, Spermophilus mohavensis (endemic)
- Round-tailed ground squirrel, Spermophilus tereticaudus
- Palm Springs round-tailed ground squirrel, S. t. chlorus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Townsend's ground squirrel, Spermophilus townsendii
- Rock squirrel, Spermophilus variegatus
- Alpine chipmunk, Tamias alpinus (endemic)
- Yellow-pine chipmunk, Tamias amoenus
- Merriam's chipmunk, Tamias merriami
- Least chipmunk, Tamias minimus
- California chipmunk, Tamias obscurus
- Yellow-cheeked chipmunk, Tamias ochrogenys (endemic)
- Panamint chipmunk, Tamias panamintinus
- Long-eared chipmunk, Tamias quadrimaculatus
- Allen's chipmunk, Tamias senex
- Siskiyou chipmunk, Tamias siskiyou
- Sonoma chipmunk, Tamias sonomae (endemic)
- Lodgepole chipmunk, Tamias speciosus
- Uinta chipmunk, Tamias umbrinus
One species of beaver occurs in California.
- American beaver, Castor canadensis (harvest)
Five species of pocket gophers occur in California.
- Botta's pocket gopher, Thomomys bottae
- Western pocket gopher, Thomomys mazama
- Mountain pocket gopher, Thomomys monticola
- Northern pocket gopher, Thomomys talpoides
- Townsend's pocket gopher, Thomomys townsendii
Subfamily Dipodomyinae (kangaroo rats and mice)
- Pacific (or agile) kangaroo rat, Dipodomys agilis (endemic)
- California kangaroo rat, Dipodomys californicus
- Marysville California kangaroo rat, D. californicus eximus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Desert kangaroo rat, Dipodomys deserti
- Big-eared kangaroo rat, Dipodomys elephantinus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Heermann's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys heermanni (endemic)
- Giant kangaroo rat, Dipodomys ingens (endemic)
- Merriam's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys merriami
- San Bernardino Merriam's kangaroo rat, D. merriami parvus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Chisel-toothed kangaroo rat, Dipodomys microps
- Fresno kangaroo rat, Dipodomys nitratoides (endemic)
- Short-nosed kangaroo rat, D. n. brevinasus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Tipton kangaroo rat, D. n. nitratoides (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Ord's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys ordii
- Panamint kangaroo rat, Dipodomys panamintinus
- San Diego kangaroo rat, Dipodomys simulans
- Stephens' kangaroo rat, Dipodomys stephensi (endemic)
- Narrow-faced kangaroo rat, Dipodomys venustus (endemic)
- Dark kangaroo mouse, Microdipodops megacephalus
- Pale kangaroo mouse, Microdipodops pallidus
Subfamily Perognathinae (pocket mice)
- Bailey's pocket mouse, Chaetodipus baileyi
- California pocket mouse, Chaetodipus californicus
- Dulzura pocket mouse, C. c. femoralis (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- San Diego pocket mouse, Chaetodipus fallax
- Northwestern San Diego pocket mouse, C. f. fallax (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Pallid San Diego pocket mouse, C. f. pallidus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Long-tailed pocket mouse, Chaetodipus formosus
- Desert pocket mouse, Chaetodipus penicillatus
- Spiny pocket mouse, Chaetodipus spinatus
- White-eared pocket mouse, Perognathus alticola (endemic)
- White-eared pocket mouse, P. a. alticola (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Tehachapi pocket mouse, P. a. inexpectatus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- San Joaquin pocket mouse, Perognathus inornatus (endemic)
- Salinas pocket mouse, P. i. psammophilus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Little pocket mouse, Perognathus longimembris
- Palm Springs pocket mouse, P. l. bangsi (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Los Angeles pocket mouse, P. l. brevinasus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Jacumba pocket mouse, P. l. internationalis (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Pacific pocket mouse, P. l. pacificus (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Great Basin pocket mouse, Perognathus parvus
Subfamily Arvicolinae (lemmings, voles, and muskrat)
- White-footed vole, Arborimus albipes (CDFW special concern)
- Red tree vole, Arborimus longicaudus presence uncertain
- Sonoma tree vole, Arborimus pomo (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Western red-backed vole, Clethrionomys californicus
- Sagebrush vole, Lemmiscus curtatus
- California vole, Microtus californicus
- Monterey vole, M. c. halophilus (endemic)
- Mojave River vole, M. c. mohavensis (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- San Pablo vole, M. c. sanpabloensis (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Amargosa vole, M. c. scirpensis (federal and state endangered; endemic)
- South coast marsh vole, M. c. stephensi (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Owens Valley vole, M. c. vallicola (CDFW special concern; endemic)
- Long-tailed vole, Microtus longicaudus
- Montane vole, Microtus montanus
- Creeping vole, Microtus oregoni
- Townsend's vole, Microtus townsendii
- Muskrat, Ondatra zibethicus (introduced, harvest)
- Heather vole, Phenacomys intermedius
Subfamily Neotominae (North American rats and mice)
- White-throated woodrat, Neotoma albigula
- Bushy-tailed woodrat, Neotoma cinerea
- Dusky-footed woodrat, Neotoma fuscipes
- Desert woodrat, Neotoma lepida
- Large-eared woodrat, Neotoma macrotis
- Northern grasshopper mouse, Onychomys leucogaster
- Southern grasshopper mouse, Onychomys torridus
- Brush mouse, Peromyscus boylii
- California mouse, Peromyscus californicus
- Canyon mouse, Peromyscus crinitus
- Cactus mouse, Peromyscus eremicus
- Northern Baja deer mouse, Peromyscus fraterculus
- Gambel's deer mouse, Peromyscus gambelii
- Western deer mouse, Peromyscus sonoriensis
- Pinyon mouse, Peromyscus truei
- Salt marsh harvest mouse, Reithrodontomys raviventris (endemic)
- Western harvest mouse, Reithrodontomys megalotis
Subfamily Sigmodontinae (cotton rats)
- House mouse, Mus musculus (introduced)
- Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus (introduced)
- Black rat, Rattus rattus (introduced)
Two species of jumping mice occur in California.
One species of porcupine occurs in California.
- North American porcupine, Erethizon dorsatum
Whales, dolphins and porpoises
One species of gray whale occurs in California's waters.
- Gray whale, Eschrichtius robustus (migrant)
Six species of rorquals occur in California's waters.
- Minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata
- Bryde's whale, Balaenoptera brydei (vagrant)
- Sei whale, Balaenoptera borealis
- Blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus
- Fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus
- Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae
One species of right whale occurs in California's waters.
Eleven species of dolphins occur in California's waters.
- Short-beaked common dolphin, Delphinus delphis
- Long-beaked common dolphin, Delphinus capensis
- Short-finned pilot whale, Globicephala macrorhynchus
- Risso's dolphin, Grampus griseus
- Northern right whale dolphin, Lissodelphis borealis
- Killer whale, Orcinus orca
- False killer whale, Pseudorca crassidens (vagrant)
- Pacific white-sided dolphin, Sagmatias obliquidens
- Pantropical spotted dolphin, Stenella attenuata (vagrant)
- Striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba
- Rough-toothed dolphin, Steno bredanensis (vagrant)
- Common bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus
Two species of porpoises occur in California's waters.
Two species of small sperm whales occur in California's waters.
One species of sperm whale occur in California's waters.
- Sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus
Eight species of beaked whales occur in California's waters.
- Giant beaked whale, Berardius bairdii
- Hubbs' beaked whale, Mesoplodon carlhubbsi
- Blainville's beaked whale, Mesoplodon densirostris
- Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale, Mesoplodon ginkgodens
- Perrin's beaked whale, Mesoplodon perrini
- Stejneger's beaked whale, Mesoplodon stejnegeri
- Cuvier's beaked whale, Ziphius cavirostris
Six species of canids occurred in California.
- Coyote, Canis latrans
- Gray wolf, Canis lupus (extirpated 1924, resettled 2017)
- Gray fox, Urocyon cinereoargenteus (harvest)
- Island fox, Urocyon littoralis (endemic)
- Kit fox, Vulpes macrotis
- Red fox, Vulpes vulpes
Two species of bears occurred in California. One was recently extirpated.
- Black bear, Ursus americanus (harvest)
- Brown bear, Ursus arctos (extirpated 1931)
- California grizzly bear, U. a. californicus (extinct)
Two species of this nocturnal, omnivorous family occur in California.
Two species of skunks occur in California.
- Striped skunk, Mephitis mephitis (harvest)
- Western spotted skunk, Spilogale gracilis (harvest)
- Channel Islands spotted skunk, S. g. amphiala (CDFW special concern; endemic)
Three species of cats occurred in California. One was recently extirpated.
- Sea otter, Enhydra lutris
- Wolverine, Gulo gulo (vagrant)
- North American river otter, Lontra canadensis
- Pacific marten, Martes caurina
- Humboldt marten, M. c. humboldtensis (CDFW special concern)
- American ermine, Mustela richardsonii
- Long-tailed weasel, Neogale frenata
- American mink, Neogale vison
- Fisher, Pekania pennanti
- American badger, Taxidea taxus
Four species of eared seals occur in California.
- Guadalupe fur seal, Arctophoca townsendi
- Northern fur seal, Callorhinus ursinus
- Northern (Steller) sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus
- California sea lion, Zalophus californianus
Four species of earless seals occur in California.
- Northern elephant seal, Mirounga angustirostris
- Ribbon seal, Phoca fasciata (vagrant)
- Harbor seal, Phoca vitulina
- Ringed seal, Phoca hispida (vagrant)
One species of pronghorn occurs in California.
- Pronghorn, Antilocapra americana (harvest)
- Barbary sheep, Ammotragus lervia (introduced, harvest)
- Bison, Bison bison (extirpated early 1800s, introduced on Santa Catalina Island)
- Bighorn sheep, Ovis canadensis (harvest)
- Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep, O. c. sierrae
- Elk, Cervus canadensis
- Tule elk, C. c. nannodes (endemic)
- Fallow deer, Dama dama (introduced, harvest)
- Mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus (harvest)
- California mule deer, O. h. californicus
- Columbian black-tailed deer, O. h. columbianus
- Southern mule deer, O. h. fuliginatus
- Inyo mule deer, O. h. inyoensis
- White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianius
One species of pig occurs in California.
- Wild boar, Sus scrofa (introduced, harvest)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mammals of California.|
-  | NOAA Fisheries, Office of Protected Resources, Short-beaked Common Dolphin
-  | NOAA Fisheries, Office of Protected Resources, Long-beaked Common Dolphin
- Sahagun, Louis (September 4, 2019). "California becomes first state to ban fur trapping after Gov. Newsom signs law". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
- California Department of Fish and Game (September 2008). "Complete List of Amphibian, Reptile, Bird and Mammal Species in California" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-06. Retrieved 2012-08-08. This is the primary source for most species on this list.
- California Department of Fish and Game. "Mammal Species of Special Concern". Retrieved 2012-08-08. This is the primary source for special statuses, and for including certain subspecies in addition to species.
- "Mammals of California". American Society of Mammalogists website. Retrieved 2012-07-30. The ASM list provides the distribution and other information.
- Wilson, Don; Deeann Reeder (2005). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4. Whenever possible, the taxonomy of mammals here has been updated to agree with the latest edition of MSW.
- Jameson, E. W., Jr.; H. J. Peeters (2004). Mammals of California. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23582-7.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)