Politics of Piedmont

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politics and government of
Piedmont

The Politics of Piedmont, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.

Executive branch[edit]

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term and is composed by the President and the Ministers, who are currently 14, including a Vice President (Vice Presidente).[1]

List of Presidents[edit]

Presidents of Piedmont
President Party Term Legislature
Edoardo Calleri di Sala DC 1970–1973 I Legislature
Gianni Oberto Tarena DC 1974–1975
Aldo Viglione PSI 1975–1980 II Legislature
Enzo Enrietti PSI 1980–1983 III Legislature
Aldo Viglione PSI 1983–1985
Vittorio Beltrami DC 1985–1990 IV Legislature
Gian Paolo Brizio DC/PPI 1990–1995 V Legislature
Enzo Ghigo FI 1995–2000 VI Legislature
Enzo Ghigo FI 2000–2005 VII Legislature
Mercedes Bresso DS/PD 2005–2010 VIII Legislature
Roberto Cota LNP 2010–2014 IX Legislature
Sergio Chiamparino PD 2014–present X Legislature

Local government[edit]

Provinces[edit]

Province Inhabitants President Party Election
Metropolitan City of Turin
(former Province of Turin)
2,282,197 Chiara Appendino
(metropolitan mayor)
Five Star Movement 2016
Province of Cuneo 590,421 Federico Borgna Union of the Centre 2014
Province of Alessandria 428,826 Maria Rita Rossa Democratic Party 2014
Province of Novara 370,525 Matteo Besozzi Democratic Party 2014
Province of Asti 217,574 Marco Gabusi Forza Italia 2015
Province of Biella 179,685 Emanuele Ramella Democratic Party 2014
Province of Vercelli 174,904 Carlo Riva Vercellotti Forza Italia 2016
Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola 160,114 Stefano Costa Democratic Party 2014

Municipalities[edit]

Province Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Turin 890,529 Chiara Appendino Five Star Movement 2016
Novara 104,380 Alessandro Canelli Lega Nord Piemont 2016
Alessandria 93,943 Maria Rita Rossa Democratic Party 2012
Asti 76,202 Fabrizio Brignolo Democratic Party 2012
Moncalieri 57,294 Paolo Montagna Democratic Party 2015
Cuneo 56,081 Federico Borgna Union of the Centre 2012
Collegno 49,905 Francesco Casciano Democratic Party 2014
Rivoli 48,791 Franco Giusto Dessì Democratic Party 2014
Nichelino 48,123 Giampietro Tolardo Independent (Left-wing) 2016
Settimo Torinese 47,669 Fabrizio Puppo Democratic Party 2014
Vercelli 46,754 Maura Forte Democratic Party 2014
Biella 44,733 Marco Cavicchioli Democratic Party 2014

Legislative branch[edit]

The Regional Council of Piedmont (Consiglio Regionale del Piemonte) is composed of 60 members. 48 councilors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 12 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 6 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 54. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[2]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[3]

Parties and elections[edit]

Latest regional election[edit]

The latest regional election took place on 25 May 2014. It was a snap election, prompted by the dissolution of the Regional Council by the Regional Administrative Tribunal on the grounds that one of the lists supporting the winner Roberto Cota (Lega NordPiemont) in the 2010 regional election had committed irregularities in filing the slates for the election.[4] Cota chose not to stand again for President and the parties composing his coalition failed to agree on a single candidate,[5] resulting in a landslide victory for Sergio Chiamparino, a Democrat who had been Mayor of Turin from 2001 to 2011.

Candidates & parties votes votes (%) seats
reg. list
seats
prov. lists
Sergio Chiamparino 1,057,031 47.09 10 22
Democratic Party 704,541 36.17 17
Chiamparino President 94,615 4.85 2
Moderates 47,901 2.45 1
Left Ecology Freedom 40,873 2.09 1
Civic Choice 29,313 1.50 1
Italy of Values 13,658 0.70 0
Gilberto Pichetto Fratin 495,993 22.09 1 8
Forza Italia 302,743 15.57 6
Lega Nord Piemont 141,741 7.27 2
Pensioners' Party 13,837 0.71 0
Civic List for Piedmont 8,853 0.45 0
Greens Greens 5,435 0.27 0
United Rights (incl. LD, FLI, etc.) 5,004 0.25 0
Great South 1,676 0.08 0
Davide Bono 481,453 21.45 8
Five Star Movement 396,295 20.34 8
Guido Crosetto 117,807 5.24 1
Brothers of Italy 72,776 3.73 1
Enrico Costa 67,025 2.98
New Centre-Right – Union of the Centre 49,059 2.51 0
Mauro Filingeri 25,193 1.12
The Other Piedmont to the Left 19,467 0.99 0
Total 2,244,502 100.00 11 39

Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

External links[edit]