List of reefs

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Locations of coral reefs around the world

This is an incomplete list of notable reefs.

Reefs[edit]

Name image Location Coordinates Notes
African coral reefs
List of reefs is located in Earth
List of reefs
Red Sea to Madagascar 0°03′05″S 50°50′46″E / 0.051377°S 50.846055°E / -0.051377; 50.846055 Consists of numerous coral reefs, mostly along the east and south coast of Africa. The reefs faces multiple threats such as untreated sewage, industrial run-offs, pollutants, and sediment flowing from rivers. Also, the 1997/98 El Nino destroyed 90% of the coral.
Amazon Reef
List of reefs is located in Earth
List of reefs
Off the coast of French Guiana and northern Brazil 1°N 49°W / 1°N 49°W / 1; -49 The Amazon Reef (also referred to as the Amazonian Reef) is an extensive coral and sponge reef system, located off the coast of French Guiana and northern Brazil. It is one of the largest reef systems in the world known to exist, with scientists estimating its length to be over 600 miles (970 km) long, and covering over 3,600 square miles (9,300 km2) of area.[1]
Angria Bank
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Off the coast of Vijaydurg, Maharashtra, India 16°26′N 72°02′E / 16.43°N 72.03°E / 16.43; 72.03
Apo Reef Apo reef.jpg Mindoro Strait, Philippines 12°39′42″N 120°24′52″E / 12.66167°N 120.4144°E / 12.66167; 120.4144 This is the Philippines' largest reef and the world's second-largest contiguous coral reef system.
Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park
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List of reefs
Cozumel, Mexico 20°10′25″N 87°00′46″W / 20.1737°N 87.0129°W / 20.1737; -87.0129 Part of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System
Bar Reef
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List of reefs
Kalpitiya peninsula, Sri Lanka 8°13′48″N 79°26′24″E / 8.2300°N 79.4400°E / 8.2300; 79.4400 This coral reef has more biodiversity than in any of the waters of India. It is one of only a few pristine systems in Sri Lanka.
Belize Barrier Reef Satellite image of Belize in May 2001.jpg Belize 17°11′08″N 87°19′26″W / 17.1856°N 87.324°W / 17.1856; -87.324 This is the second biggest coral reef system on Earth, the largest being the Great Barrier Reef. It is an around 1/3 of the 900-km-long Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System.
Benares Shoals Benares Shoals Sat.png Peros Banhos atoll, northern Chagos Archipelago 5°09′S 71°24′E / 5.15°S 071.40°E / -5.15; 071.40
Coral Triangle Mainly Indonesia 3°58′13″N 134°49′10″E / 3.970166°N 134.819424°E / 3.970166; 134.819424 Called the "Amazon of the seas", this is a large area defined within a triangular area in the waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste.
Daintree Reef
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Coral Sea, Queensland, Australia 16°01′58″S 145°26′06″E / 16.032856°S 145.434958°E / -16.032856; 145.434958 Named after geologist and photographer Richard Daintree, this system is adjacent to the Daintree Rainforest.
Darwin Mounds
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List of reefs
Off the northwest coast of Scotland 59°27′N 7°08′W / 59.45°N 7.13°W / 59.45; -7.13 Located around 1,000 m (3,280 feet) below the surface, this system consists of a big field of sand mounds.
Filippo Reef KI Line islands.PNG 450 km east of Starbuck Island in the Pacific Ocean 5°18′S 151°30′W / 05.30°S 151.50°W / -05.30; -151.50
Flinders Reef
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List of reefs
Off Moreton Island in the Coral Sea, Queensland, Australia 26°59′18″S 153°26′31.4″E / 26.98833°S 153.442056°E / -26.98833; 153.442056
French Frigate Shoals French frigateISS004-E-11926.PNG Northwestern Hawaiian Islands 23°26′44″N 166°50′46″W / 23.4456°N 166.846°W / 23.4456; -166.846 This is a 32-km-long, crescent-shaped reef maintained by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service as a field station within the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.
Great Barrier Reef GreatBarrierReef-EO.JPG Coral Sea, Queensland, Australia[2] 18°10′16″S 147°25′12″E / 18.1710°S 147.4200°E / -18.1710; 147.4200 Known as the largest in the world
Isla Pérez Isla Perez Alacranes.JPG Gulf of Mexico 22°14′02″N 89°25′12″W / 22.2340°N 89.4200°W / 22.2340; -89.4200
Kingman Reef Aerial view of the Southeast Part of Kingman Reef.png North Pacific Ocean 6°14′N 162°15′W / 6.23°N 162.25°W / 6.23; -162.25 Roughly triangular in shape
Lansdowne Bank Karta NC Iles Chesterfield.PNG Coral Sea 20°21′S 160°18′E / 20.35°S 160.30°E / -20.35; 160.30 This is one of the biggest banks on Earth.
Lyra Reef
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Papua New Guinea 1°27′S 153°12′E / 1.45°S 153.20°E / -1.45; 153.20
Manuel Luis Reefs
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List of reefs
Brazil 0°54′48″S 44°19′10″W / 0.913302°S 44.319530°W / -0.913302; -44.319530 The largest coral reef of South America.[3]
Maro Reef Maro Reef.jpg Northwestern Hawaiian Islands 25°24′54″N 170°35′24″W / 25.415°N 170.590°W / 25.415; -170.590 This reef is named after the ship Maro, captained by Captain Joseph Allen who discovered the reef in 1820.
Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System
List of reefs is located in Earth
List of reefs
From the Yucatán Peninsula to Honduras 18°20′38″N 87°25′18″W / 18.343938°N 87.421764°W / 18.343938; -87.421764 Also known as the Great Mayan Reef or Great Maya Reef, this is a World Heritage Site.
Mexico Rocks
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Ambergris Caye, Belize 18°03′01″N 87°33′19″W / 18.05021°N 87.555174°W / 18.05021; -87.555174 This area consists mainly of boulder corals and comprises about 100 Holocene patch reefs in a cluster on a ridge made of Pleistocene limestone.
Miami Terrace Reef Miami-terrace-reef-location.jpg Florida, United States 25°27′N 79°33′W / 25.45°N 79.55°W / 25.45; -79.55 This is a deep reef system that lies at 200 to 600 meters below sea level.
Minami-Tori-shima Aerial view of Marcus Island (Minami Torishima) on 18 June 1987 (6414230).jpg Japan 24°10′16″N 153°35′06″E / 24.1712°N 153.5850°E / 24.1712; 153.5850
Minerva Reefs Minerva Reefs.jpg Fiji and Tonga 23°23′S 178°32′W / 23.38°S 178.54°W / -23.38; -178.54
Miri-Sibuti Coral Reef National Park
List of reefs is located in Earth
List of reefs
Sarawak, Malaysia 4°11′N 113°31′E / 4.19°N 113.51°E / 4.19; 113.51 This is a protected area and popular dive site.
New Caledonia Barrier Reef Lagoons and Reefs of New Caledonia May 10, 2001.jpg New Caledonia 20°14′39″S 164°20′09″E / 20.2443°S 164.3359°E / -20.2443; 164.3359 This is a double-barrier coral reef, and the second-longest on Earth, the longest being the Belize Barrier Reef.
Ningaloo Coast
List of reefs is located in Earth
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Western Australia 22°20′04″S 113°29′01″E / 22.3345°S 113.4837°E / -22.3345; 113.4837 A World Heritage Site, this reef is noted for whale sharks.
North East Reef Wallabi Group (excluding North Island).jpg Western Australia 28°15′05″S 113°29′03″E / 28.2513°S 113.4841°E / -28.2513; 113.4841
Osprey Reef Osprey Reef - Nautilus sampling and tracking detection sites.png Coral Sea, Australia 13°54′29″S 146°36′55″E / 13.90806°S 146.61528°E / -13.90806; 146.61528
Palancar Reef
List of reefs is located in Earth
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Cozumel, Mexico 20°17′48″N 87°01′06″W / 20.296685°N 87.018439°W / 20.296685; -87.018439 A popular diving location, this is part of the Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park.
Qixingyan (Taiwan)
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Pingtung County, Taiwan 21°27′12″N 120°29′34″E / 21.453198°N 120.492894°E / 21.453198; 120.492894 This is a shallow system with parts being visible at low tide. Many shipwrecks have occurred here.
Reunion Island's coral reef Saint-Gilles-vue-hélico.jpg Madagascar 21°05′06″S 55°13′17″E / 21.0851°S 55.2214°E / -21.0851; 55.2214 Threatened in recent times by an increase in human exploitation as well as pollution
Røst Reef
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List of reefs
Lofoten, Norway 67°29′02″N 12°01′08″E / 67.483951°N 12.018849°E / 67.483951; 12.018849 This is the largest Lophelia reef known, and the biggest known deep-water coral reef system.
Scorpion Reef Alacran ESC large ISS006 ISS006-E-52094.jpg Yucatán, Mexico 22°13′33″N 89°24′21″W / 22.2258°N 89.40578°W / 22.2258; -89.40578 This reef is part of the Campeche Bank archipeligo.
Sha`b Abu Nuhas
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List of reefs
Northern Red Sea 27°34′01″N 33°55′01″E / 27.567°N 33.917°E / 27.567; 33.917 Considered a hazard to ships, this is a popular diving site.
South Sentinel Island
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List of reefs
Andaman Islands 10°35′02″N 92°07′54″E / 10.5840°N 92.1318°E / 10.5840; 92.1318
Sula Reef
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Sør-Trøndelag, Norway This reef is composed of Lophelia pertusa coral.
Tubbataha Reef
List of reefs is located in Earth
List of reefs
Sulu Sea 8°33′N 119°33′E / 8.55°N 119.55°E / 8.55; 119.55 This reef system contains a very high density of different species and is designated a World Heritage Site.
Virgin Islands
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List of reefs
Caribbean Sea 18°00′N 65°00′W / 18.0°N 65.0°W / 18.0; -65.0 Scleractinian corals, Millepora.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vidal, John (April 23, 2016). "Huge coral reef discovered at Amazon river mouth". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  2. ^ "Definition of GREAT BARRIER REEF".
  3. ^ Edison Lobão; Fernando César de Moreira Mesquita (11 June 1991), Decreto nº 11.902 de 11 de Junho de 1991 (PDF) (in Portuguese), State of Maranhão, retrieved 2016-08-03