Local government areas of the Northern Territory

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Map of Australia with Northern Territory highlighted in red
Map of new local government areas in the Northern Territory from 1 July 2008

The Northern Territory is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia. It is the third largest Australian federal division with an area of 1,349,129 square kilometres (520,902 sq mi) but the least populous with 211,945 inhabitants.[1] The Northern Territory is divided administratively into 17 Local government areas (LGAs) generally known as Councils who are responsible for providing local government services.[2]

Area types[edit]

As of 1 July 2008, there were two classifications of local government in the Northern Territory:

  1. Municipalities (predominantly inner-city suburban areas and smaller rural towns), of which there were five; and
  2. Shires or Regions (predominantly rural or outer suburban areas), of which there were eleven shire councils

The Northern Territory was unusual as a comparatively large share of the territory's population lived in unincorporated areas. In 2006, prior to the reorganisation of local government areas in the territory, 92 percent of the land area (1,237,999 square kilometres (477,994 sq mi) out of 1,349,130 square kilometres (520,900 sq mi)) with 16 percent of the population (30,523 out of 192,898), was unincorporated.

Most of the unincorporated areas disappeared as a result of local government reform in 2008. The area remaining unincorporated is 19,428 square kilometres (7,501 sq mi), 1.45 percent of the total,[3][4] and contains 4.0 percent of the population.[5]

By comparison, in the only other states or territories in Australia with unincorporated areas, only 0.02% of the population of New South Wales, 0.002% of Victoria's population and 0.6% of the population of South Australia, live in unincorporated areas.

Current local government areas[edit]

Local government area Council seat Region Type Year est. Land area Pop'n
(2011 census)
Notes
km² sq mi
Alice Springs Town Council Alice Springs Central Australia Municipality 1 July 1971 (1971-07-01) 327 126 25,186 [6]
Alyangula Alyangula Arnhem Land Unincorporated area 1960s 2 1 986 [7]
Barkly Regional Council Tennant Creek Barkly Tableland Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 322,514 124,523 6,823 [8]
Belyuen Community Government Council Belyuen Greater Darwin Shire 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 41 16 181 [9]
Central Desert Regional Council Alice Springs Central Australia Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 282,090 108,916 3,720 [10]
Coomalie Community Government Council Batchelor Greater Darwin Shire 7 December 1990 (1990-12-07) 1,500 579 1,106 [11]
Darwin, City of Darwin Greater Darwin City 1959 (1959) (as a city) 112 43 72,930
  • Darwin Town and District Council – formed 1874
  • Darwin Town Council – formed 1915
  • Municipality of Darwin – formed 1955
  • City of Darwin – formed 1959
[12]
Darwin Rates Act Area (East Arm) Greater Darwin Unincorporated area 52 20
East Arnhem Regional Council Nhulunbuy Arnhem Land Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 33,302 12,858 9,098 [13]
Katherine Town Council Katherine Katherine Municipality 3 March 1978 (1978-03-03) 7,421 2,865 9,187 [14]
Litchfield Council Freds Pass Greater Darwin Municipality 6 September 1985 (1985-09-06) 2,914 1,125 18,994 [15]
MacDonnell Regional Council Alice Springs Central Australia Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 268,784 103,778 5,831 [16]
Nhulunbuy Corporation Nhulunbuy Arnhem Land Unincorporated area 7 3 9,255 [17]
Palmerston, City of Palmerston Greater Darwin City 2000 (2000) (as a city) 53 20 27,703 [18]
Roper Gulf Regional Council Katherine Katherine Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 185,176 71,497 6,121 [19]
Tiwi Islands Regional Council Darwin Greater Darwin Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 7,501 2,896 2,580 [20]
Unincorporated Top End Region (Finnis-Mary) Greater Darwin Unincorporated area 19,263 7,437
Victoria Daly Regional Council Katherine Katherine Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 168,277 64,972 6,826
Wagait Shire Council Wagait Beach Greater Darwin Shire 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 6 2 369 Formerly the Cox Peninsula Community Government Council, established on 28 April 1995.[21]
West Arnhem Regional Council Jabiru Arnhem Land Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 49,698 19,189 6,232 [22]
Yulara Yulara Central Australia Unincorporated area 103 40 986 [23]

Former local government areas[edit]

Map of old local government areas in the Northern Territory prior 1 July 2008

Prior to 1 July 2008 Northern Territory local government areas were classified as either Municipalities, Community Government Councils, Incorporated Associations (Commonwealth), or Special Purpose Towns. There used to be 61 Local Government Councils, six of which were classified as Municipalities, 51 as Community Government Councils, three as Incorporated Associations and one Special Purpose Town.

Towns[edit]

Community Government Councils[edit]

Incorporated Communities[edit]

Unincorporated Area[edit]

  • Unincorporated Area: A contiguous 92 percent of the area did not belong to any local government area. The LGAs were enclaves within unincorporated territory.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "3101.0 – Australian Demographic Statistics, Mar 2016". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 22 September 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  2. ^ Northern Territory LGA History
  3. ^ http://www.bushtel.nt.gov.au/northern_territory/region1 and http://www.bushtel.nt.gov.au/northern_territory/region3
  4. ^ http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/ProductSelect?newproducttype=Community+Profiles&collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL708200&breadcrumb=LP&currentaction=201&action=401
  5. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/3218.0~2007-08~Main+Features~Northern+Territory?OpenDocument#LOCALGOVERNMENTAREAPOPULATIONS
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Alice Springs (T)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  7. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Alyangula (SLA)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  8. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Barkly (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Belyuen (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  10. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Central Desert (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  11. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Coomalie (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  12. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Darwin (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  13. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "East Arnhem (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  14. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Katherine (T)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  15. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Litchfield (M)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  16. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "MacDonnell (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  17. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Nhulunbuy". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  18. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Palmerston (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  19. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Roper Gulf (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  20. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Tiwi Islands (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  21. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wagait (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  22. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "West Arnhem (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  23. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Yulara (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 

Sources[edit]