Local government areas of the Northern Territory

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Map of new local government areas in the Northern Territory from 1 July 2008

The Northern Territory is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia. It is the third largest Australian federal division with an area of 1,349,129 square kilometres (520,902 sq mi) but the least populous with 228,833 inhabitants as at the 2016 Census.[1] The Northern Territory is divided administratively into 17 Local government areas (LGAs) generally known as Councils who are responsible for providing local government services.[2]

Area types[edit]

As of 1 July 2008, there were two classifications of local government in the Northern Territory:

  1. Municipalities (predominantly inner-city suburban areas and smaller rural towns), of which there were five; and
  2. Shires or Regions (predominantly rural or outer suburban areas), of which there were eleven shire councils

The Northern Territory was unusual as a comparatively large share of the territory's population lived in unincorporated areas. In 2006, prior to the reorganisation of local government areas in the territory, 92 percent of the land area (1,237,999 square kilometres (477,994 sq mi) out of 1,349,130 square kilometres (520,900 sq mi)) with 16 percent of the population (30,523 out of 192,898), was unincorporated.

Most of the unincorporated areas disappeared as a result of local government reform in 2008. The area remaining unincorporated is 19,428 square kilometres (7,501 sq mi), 1.45 percent of the total,[3][4] and contains 4.0 percent of the population.[5]

By comparison, in the only other states or territories in Australia with unincorporated areas, only 0.02% of the population of New South Wales, 0.002% of Victoria's population and 0.6% of the population of South Australia, live in unincorporated areas.

Current local government areas[edit]

Local government area Council seat Region Type Year est. Land area Pop'n
(2011 census)
Pop'n
(2016 census)
Notes
km² sq mi
Alice Springs Town Council Alice Springs Central Australia Municipality 1 July 1971 (1971-07-01) 327 126 25,186[6] 24,753[7]
Alyangula Alyangula Arnhem Land Unincorporated area 1960s 2 1 986[8] 873[9]
Barkly Regional Council Tennant Creek Barkly Tableland Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 322,514 124,523 6,823[10] 6,655[11]
Belyuen Community Government Council Belyuen Greater Darwin Shire 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 41 16 181[12] 164[13]
Central Desert Regional Council Alice Springs Central Australia Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 282,090 108,916 3,720[14] 3,677[15]
Coomalie Community Government Council Batchelor Greater Darwin Shire 7 December 1990 (1990-12-07) 1,500 579 1,106[16] 1,319[17]
Darwin, City of Darwin Greater Darwin City 1959 (1959) (as a city) 112 43 72,930[18] 78,804[19]
  • Darwin Town and District Council – formed 1874
  • Darwin Town Council – formed 1915
  • Municipality of Darwin – formed 1955
  • City of Darwin – formed 1959
Darwin Rates Act Area (East Arm) Greater Darwin Unincorporated area 52 20
East Arnhem Regional Council Nhulunbuy Arnhem Land Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 33,302 12,858 9,098[20] 9,026[21]
Katherine Town Council Katherine Katherine Municipality 3 March 1978 (1978-03-03) 7,421 2,865 9,187[22] 9,717[23]
Litchfield Council Freds Pass Greater Darwin Municipality 6 September 1985 (1985-09-06) 2,914 1,125 18,994[24] 23,855[25]
MacDonnell Regional Council Alice Springs Central Australia Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 268,784 103,778 5,831[26] 6,029[27]
Nhulunbuy Corporation Nhulunbuy Arnhem Land Unincorporated area 7 3 4,072[28] 3,240[29]
Palmerston, City of Palmerston Greater Darwin City 2000 (2000) (as a city) 53 20 27,703[30] 33,786[31]
Roper Gulf Regional Council Katherine Katherine Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 185,176 71,497 6,121[32] 6,505[33]
Tiwi Islands Regional Council Darwin Greater Darwin Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 7,501 2,896 2,580[34] 2,453[35]
Unincorporated Top End Region (Finnis-Mary) Greater Darwin Unincorporated area 19,263 7,437
Victoria Daly Regional Council Katherine Katherine Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 153,287 59,184 5,924[36] 2,810[37] De-amalgamated in 2014 into Victoria Daly and West Daly Regional Councils
Wagait Shire Council Wagait Beach Greater Darwin Shire 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 6 2 369[38] 463[39] Formerly the Cox Peninsula Community Government Council, established on 28 April 1995.
West Arnhem Regional Council Jabiru Arnhem Land Region 1 July 2008 (2008-07-01) 49,698 19,189 6,232[40] 6,188[41]
West Daly Regional Council Wadeye Katherine Region 1 July 2014 (2014-07-01)[42] 14,070 5,432 3166[43] Part of Victoria Daly Regional Council from 2008 until 2014 de-amalgamation
Yulara Yulara Central Australia Unincorporated area 103 40 986[44] 1099[45]

Former local government areas[edit]

Map of old local government areas in the Northern Territory prior 1 July 2008

Prior to 1 July 2008 Northern Territory local government areas were classified as either Municipalities, Community Government Councils, Incorporated Associations (Commonwealth), or Special Purpose Towns. There used to be 61 Local Government Councils, six of which were classified as Municipalities, 51 as Community Government Councils, three as Incorporated Associations and one Special Purpose Town.

Towns[edit]

Community Government Councils[edit]

Incorporated Communities[edit]

Unincorporated Area[edit]

  • Unincorporated Area: A contiguous 92 percent of the area did not belong to any local government area. The LGAs were enclaves within unincorporated territory.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Northern Territory". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Northern Territory LGA History Archived 26 October 2004 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 July 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2009. and "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 July 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  4. ^ http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/ProductSelect?newproducttype=Community+Profiles&collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL708200&breadcrumb=LP&currentaction=201&action=401
  5. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/3218.0~2007-08~Main+Features~Northern+Territory?OpenDocument#LOCALGOVERNMENTAREAPOPULATIONS
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Alice Springs (T)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  7. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Alice Springs (T)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  8. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Alyangula (SLA)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Alyangula (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  10. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Barkly (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  11. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Barkly (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  12. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Belyuen (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  13. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Belyuen (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  14. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Central Desert (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  15. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Central Desert (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  16. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Coomalie (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  17. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Coomalie (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  18. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Darwin (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  19. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Darwin (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  20. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "East Arnhem (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  21. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "East Arnhem (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  22. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Katherine (T)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  23. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Katherine (T)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  24. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Litchfield (M)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  25. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Litchfield (M)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  26. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "MacDonnell (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  27. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "MacDonnell (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  28. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Nhulunbuy (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  29. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Nhulunbuy (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  30. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Palmerston (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  31. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Palmerston (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  32. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Roper Gulf (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  33. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Roper Gulf (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  34. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Tiwi Islands (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  35. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Tiwi Islands (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  36. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Victoria-Daly (R)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  37. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Victoria Daly (R)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  38. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wagait (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  39. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wagait (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  40. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "West Arnhem (S)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  41. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "West Arnhem (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  42. ^ https://dhcd.nt.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/155922/West_Daly_Restructure_Order_2014.pdf
  43. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "West Daly (R)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  44. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Yulara (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 February 2014. Edit this at Wikidata
  45. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Yulara (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata

Sources[edit]